Vellum is a thick, fancy type of paper that was traditionally made from animal skin. Today, vellum is much more likely to be made of cotton instead.

If you buy a sheet of vellum from an art supply store, you can rest assured that it's completely vegetarian. Partly because animal skin vellum is so expensive to produce, it's rare these days. Some sacred texts are still printed on the very fine, thin hides of cows, including Torah scrolls. The British Acts of Parliament also continue to be printed on animal vellum. The word vellum shares a root with veal, or "calf meat."

Definitions of vellum
  1. noun
    fine parchment prepared from the skin of a young animal e.g. a calf or lamb
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    type of:
    lambskin, parchment, sheepskin
    skin of a sheep or goat prepared for writing on
  2. noun
    a heavy creamy-colored paper resembling parchment
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    type of:
    writing paper
    paper material made into thin sheets that are sized to take ink; used for writing correspondence and manuscripts
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