State can be a condition — like solid, liquid, or gas, or even sad or happy. It can also be a state as in Idaho or New York. To state is to say something.

State comes from the Latin status, meaning "condition of a country." Interestingly, even before the Revolutionary War, Britain called the American colonies states. The “States” still refers to America, but state can refer to any country’s civil government. The idea of state as a physical or emotional condition came later. Depending on your state of mind, you can state that the state of your state is awesome. Unless it’s in a state of emergency, which is no good.

Primary Meanings of state

the way something is with respect to its main attributes
a politically organized body of people under a single government
express in words
Full Definitions of state

n the way something is with respect to its main attributes

“the current state of knowledge”
“his state of health”
“in a weak financial state
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the experiencing of affective and emotional states
the state of being cognitively skillful
the state of being split or cleft
a state that is intermediate between extremes; a middle position
the state of being ornamented
a mode of being or form of existence of a person or thing
condition, status
a state at a particular time
the state of being conditional
ground state
(physics) the lowest energy state of an atom or other particle
the state of being a nation
situation, state of affairs
the general state of things; the combination of circumstances at a given time
a state of connectedness between people (especially an emotional connection)
a state involving mutual dealings between people or parties or countries
the state of living together in tribes
ideally perfect state; especially in its social and political and moral aspects
state in which the conditions of life are extremely bad as from deprivation or oppression or terror
natural state, state of nature, wild
a wild primitive state untouched by civilization
the state of being an isomer; the complex of chemical and physical phenomena characteristic of isomers
degree, level, point, stage
a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process
office, power
(of a government or government official) holding an office means being in power
position, status
the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society
being, beingness, existence
the state or fact of existing
the state of not being
the absence of life or state of being dead
employ, employment
the state of being employed or having a job
the state of being unemployed or not having a job
established customary state (especially of society)
a disturbance of the peace or of public order
antagonism, enmity, hostility
a state of deep-seated ill-will
a state of opposition between persons or ideas or interests
the degree of visibility of your environment
the condition of being free; the power to act or speak or think without externally imposed restraints
agency, delegacy, representation
the state of serving as an official and authorized delegate or agent
dependance, dependence, dependency
the state of relying on or being controlled by someone or something else
a state of change
lifelessness, motionlessness, stillness
a state of no motion or movement
dead letter, non-issue
the state of something that has outlived its relevance
action, activeness, activity
the state of being active
inaction, inactiveness, inactivity
the state of being inactive
temporary state
a state that continues for a limited time
forthcomingness, imminence, imminency, imminentness, impendence, impendency
the state of being imminent and liable to happen soon
preparation, preparedness, readiness
the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action (especially military action)
flux, state of flux
a state of uncertainty about what should be done (usually following some important event) preceding the establishment of a new direction of action
the presence of excess potassium in the circulating blood
the state of being enlarged
the state of lacking unity
unification, union
the state of being joined or united or linked
matureness, maturity
state of being mature; full development
immatureness, immaturity
not having reached maturity
grace, saving grace, state of grace
(Christian theology) a state of sanctification by God; the state of one who is under such divine influence
eternal damnation
the state of being condemned to eternal punishment in Hell
the state of being omniscient; having infinite knowledge
the state of being omnipotent; having unlimited power
flawlessness, ne plus ultra, perfection
the state of being without a flaw or defect
integrity, unity, wholeness
an undivided or unbroken completeness or totality with nothing wanting
imperfection, imperfectness
the state or an instance of being imperfect
the state of property that is in the hands of a receiver
the state or fact of being an owner
the state of being obligated to do or pay something
death, destruction, end
a final state
annulment, revocation
the state of being cancelled or annulled
the state of being fit for market; ready to be bought or sold
(biology) the normal rigid state of fullness of a cell or blood vessel or capillary resulting from pressure of the contents against the wall or membrane
the state of being homozygous; having two identical alleles of the same gene
the state of being heterozygous; having two different alleles of the same gene
the state resulting when juvenile characteristics are retained by the adults of a species
the state of being plural
polyvalence, polyvalency
(toxicology) the state of being capable of counteracting more than one toxin or antigen or kind of microorganism
multivalence, multivalency, polyvalence, polyvalency
(chemistry) the state of having a valence greater than two
the state of being a father
utilisation, utilization
the state of having been made use of
the condition or result of being changeable
status in the eyes of others
expertise, expertness
skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge
skillfulness with the hands
the skillful and effective interaction of movements
having a wide variety of skills
command, control, mastery
great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity
adeptness, adroitness, deftness, facility, quickness
skillful performance or ability without difficulty
skillfulness in speaking or writing
proficiency, technique
skillfulness in the command of fundamentals deriving from practice and familiarity
skillfulness in avoiding wasted time and effort
the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion
any strong feeling
a persistent illogical feeling of desire or aversion
a feeling of considerable warmth
a feeling of faintness and of being ready to swoon
soul, soulfulness
deep feeling or emotion
passion, passionateness
a strong feeling or emotion
tender, romantic, or nostalgic feeling or emotion
(psychoanalysis) a combination of emotions and impulses that have been rejected from awareness but still influence a person's behavior
ambivalence, ambivalency
mixed feelings or emotions
an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
the feeling that accompanies an unsatisfied state
sex, sexual urge
all of the feelings resulting from the urge to gratify sexual impulses
pleasance, pleasure
a fundamental feeling that is hard to define but that people desire to experience
pain, painfulness
emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid
pang, stab, twinge
a sudden sharp feeling
a feeling of pleasure and enjoyment
a feeling of aversion or antipathy
a feeling of thankfulness and appreciation
ingratitude, ungratefulness
a lack of gratitude
a feeling of lack of concern
a painful emotion resulting from an awareness of inadequacy or guilt
pride, pridefulness
a feeling of self-respect and personal worth
humbleness, humility
a humble feeling
amazement, astonishment
the feeling that accompanies something extremely surprising
the feeling of being confounded or overwhelmed
the feeling that something is about to happen
feeling an inappropriate lack of seriousness
gravity, solemnity
a solemn and dignified feeling
sensitiveness, sensitivity
sensitivity to emotional feelings (of self and others)
the feeling of being agitated; not calm
a feeling of calm; an absence of agitation or excitement
bravery, fearlessness
feeling no fear
emotions experienced when in a state of well-being
sadness, unhappiness
emotions experienced when not in a state of well-being
the general feeling that some desire will be fulfilled
the feeling that everything is wrong and nothing will turn out well
affection, affectionateness, fondness, heart, philia, tenderness, warmheartedness, warmness
a positive feeling of liking
humor, humour, mood, temper
a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling
fellow feeling, sympathy
sharing the feelings of others (especially feelings of sorrow or anguish)
a feeling of excitement
a solid bulblike enlargement of the stem of some orchids
the condition of being secured to a base
the general condition of body and mind
modality, mode
a particular functioning condition or arrangement
ecological niche, niche
(ecology) the status of an organism within its environment and community (affecting its survival as a species)
noise conditions
the condition of being noisy (as in a communication channel)
involvement, participation
the condition of sharing in common with others (as fellows or partners etc.)
the condition of being prepossessed
regularisation, regularization
the condition of having been made regular (or more regular)
a condition in which a quantity no longer responds to some external influence
the state of being silent (as when no one is speaking)
position, situation
a condition or position in which you find yourself
ski conditions
the amount and state of snow for skiing
the status or fact of being elected
the condition of having been proposed as a suitable candidate for appointment or election
absurd, the absurd
a situation in which life seems irrational and meaningless
account, business relationship
a formal contractual relationship established to provide for regular banking or brokerage or business services
acquaintance, acquaintanceship
a relationship less intimate than friendship
affiliation, association, tie, tie-up
a social or business relationship
(psychoanalysis) relationship marked by strong dependence on others; especially a libidinal attachment to e.g. a parental figure
the state of being assimilated; people of different backgrounds come to see themselves as part of a larger national family
friendly relationship, friendship
the state of being friends (or friendly)
love affair, romance
a relationship between two lovers
the state of being a member
the state of being acceptable and accepted
ballgame, new ballgame
a particular situation that is radically different from the preceding situation
a demanding or stimulating situation
the condition of being without offspring
a situation or condition that is complex or confused
a situation in which people or things are crowded together
loss of equilibrium attributable to an unstable situation in which some forces outweigh others
the situation in which you are happiest and most effective
the totality of surrounding conditions
a stable situation in which forces cancel one another
the state of being excluded
fish bowl, fishbowl, goldfish bowl
a state of affairs in which you have no privacy
a situation that is ideal for rapid development (especially of something bad)
the state of being included
the situation of being or dying without a legally valid will
picture, scene
a situation treated as an observable object
prison, prison house
a prisonlike situation; a place of seeming confinement
the state of being rejected
size, size of it
the actual state of affairs
square one
the situation in which you begin an endeavor and to which you return if your efforts fail
status quo
the existing state of affairs
standardisation, standardization
the condition in which a standard has been successfully established
(optics) condition of an optical system (as a lens) in which light rays from a single point converge in a single focal point
astigmatism, astigmia
(optics) defect in an optical system in which light rays from a single point fail to converge in a single focal point
social stratification, stratification
the condition of being arranged in social strata or classes within a group
the condition of things generally
ascending stages by which somebody or something can progress
acme, elevation, height, meridian, peak, pinnacle, summit, superlative, tiptop, top
the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development
the point or degree to which something extends
end point, resultant
the final point in a process
standard of life, standard of living
a level of material comfort in terms of goods and services available to someone or some group
a level of existence or development
state of the art
the highest degree of development of an art or technique at a particular time
ultimacy, ultimateness
the state or degree of being ultimate; the final or most extreme in degree or size or time or distance, "the ultimacy of these social values"
the expected or commonplace condition or situation
a condition that accompanies or influences some event or activity
the state or condition of having no home (especially the state of living in the streets)
a special situation
the condition of being reinstated
executive clemency
the power (usually of a president or governor) to pardon or commute the sentence of someone convicted in that jurisdiction
war power
an extraordinary power exercised (usually by the executive branch) in the prosecution of a war and involving an extension of the powers that the government normally has in peacetime
equality, equation, equivalence, par
a state of being essentially equal or equivalent; equally balanced
echelon, rank, social rank, social station, social status
position in a social hierarchy
proper or appropriate position or location
social or financial or professional status or reputation
high status
a position of superior status
high ground
a position of superiority over opponents or competitors
high profile
a position attracting much attention and publicity
Holy Order, Order
(usually plural) the status or rank or office of a Christian clergyman in an ecclesiastical hierarchy
low status, lowliness, lowness
a position of inferior status; low in station or rank or fortune or estimation
legal status
a status defined by law
bar sinister, bastardy, illegitimacy
the status of being born to parents who were not married
the status of being born of a morganatic marriage
a position of highest authority
the status of belonging to a particular nation by birth or naturalization
footing, terms
status with respect to the relations between people or groups
the state of being retired from one's business or occupation
the state of actually existing objectively
eternity, timeless existence, timelessness
a state of eternal existence believed in some religions to characterize the afterlife
existing in a former state or previous to something else
existing peacefully together
the state of existing in reality; having substance
the state of being present; current existence
nonentity, nonexistence
the state of not existing
the course of existence of an individual; the actions and events that occur in living
aliveness, animation, life, living
the condition of living or the state of being alive
eternal rest, eternal sleep, quietus, rest, sleep
euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb)
defunctness, extinction
no longer in existence
a characteristic state or mode of living
transcendence, transcendency
a state of being or existence above and beyond the limits of material experience
an unmarried status
the condition or quality of being a virgin
civil order, polity
the form of government of a social organization
rule of law
a state of order in which events conform to the law
quiet, tranquility, tranquillity
an untroubled state; free from disturbances
concord, concordance, harmony
a harmonious state of things in general and of their properties (as of colors and sounds); congruity of parts with one another and with the whole
a stable order (especially of society)
the state prevailing during the absence of war
anarchy, lawlessness
a state of lawlessness and disorder (usually resulting from a failure of government)
an unstable order
disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably
riot, rioting
a state of disorder involving group violence
disorderliness, roughness, rowdiness, rowdyism
rowdy behavior
commotion, disruption, disturbance, flutter, hoo-ha, hoo-hah, hurly burly, kerfuffle, to-do
a disorderly outburst or tumult
discord, strife
lack of agreement or harmony
Sturm und Drang, turbulence, upheaval
a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally)
latent hostility, tension
feelings of hostility that are not manifest
clash, friction
a state of conflict between persons
a state of conflict between colors
state of war, war
a legal state created by a declaration of war and ended by official declaration during which the international rules of war apply
cold war
a state of political hostility between countries using means short of armed warfare
disagreement, dissension, dissonance, misunderstanding
a conflict of people's opinions or actions or characters
the state of being suspected
light, lighting
having abundant light or illumination
dark, darkness
absence of light or illumination
a state or condition of being innocent of a specific crime or offense
innocence, pureness, purity, sinlessness, whiteness
the state of being unsullied by sin or moral wrong; lacking a knowledge of evil
guilt, guiltiness
the state of having committed an offense
academic freedom
the freedom of teachers and students to express their ideas in school without religious or political or institutional restrictions
freedom from political subjugation or servitude
blank check, free hand
freedom to do as you see fit
free rein, play
the removal of constraints
freedom of the seas
the right of merchant ships to travel freely in international waters
independence, independency
freedom from control or influence of another or others
freedom of choice
civil liberty, political liberty
one's freedom to exercise one's rights as guaranteed under the laws of the country
personal freedom from servitude or confinement or oppression
(Russia) freedom
subjection, subjugation
forced submission to control by others
the condition of being enclosed (as in a capsule)
free agency
(sports) the state of a professional athlete who is free to negotiate a contract to play for any team
legal representation
personal representation that has legal status
the state of needing help from something
the state of relying on something
the state of being subordinate to something
the state of being contingent on something
polarisation, polarization
the condition of having or giving polarity
palpitation, quiver, quivering, shakiness, shaking, trembling, vibration
a shaky motion
perpetual motion
motion that continues indefinitely without any external source of energy; impossible in practice because of friction
the motion of a spinning body (as a top) in which it wobbles so that the axis of rotation sweeps out a cone
flow, stream
something that resembles a flowing stream in moving continuously
fixedness, immobility, stationariness
remaining in place
the state of being in action or exerting power
a harmful or corrupting agency
busyness, hum
the state of being or appearing to be actively engaged in an activity
behavior, behaviour
the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances
eructation, eruption, extravasation
(of volcanos) pouring out fumes or lava (or a deposit so formed)
the state of being in effect or being operative
the state of high or excessive activity or productivity or concentration
a state in which action is feasible
a state of steady vigorous action that is characteristic of an activity
abeyance, suspension
temporary cessation or suspension
inactivity and lack of energy
arrest, check, halt, hitch, stay, stop, stoppage
the state of inactivity following an interruption
an inflexible and unchanging state
deep freeze
temporary inactivity or suspension
a state of inactivity or disuse
dormancy, quiescence, quiescency
a state of quiet (but possibly temporary) inaction
no longer active; extinguished
holding pattern
a state of inaction with no progress and no change
a state of inaction
doldrums, stagnancy, stagnation
a state of inactivity (in business or art etc)
stagnancy, stagnation
inactivity of liquids; being stagnant; standing still; without current or circulation
inactivity resulting from a static balance between opposing forces
frame of mind, state of mind
a temporary psychological state
fatigue, tiredness, weariness
temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work
the state of being depleted
drunkenness, inebriation, inebriety, insobriety, intoxication, tipsiness
a temporary state resulting from excessive consumption of alcohol
soberness, sobriety
the state of being sober and not intoxicated by alcohol
sleeplessness, wakefulness
a temporary state in which you are unable (or unwilling) to sleep
drowsiness, sleepiness, somnolence
a very sleepy state
poised for action
alert, qui vive
condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action
a state in which martial law applies
a tense critical situation
physical condition, physiological condition, physiological state
the condition or state of the body or bodily functions
the stage of pregnancy at which the mother first feels the movements of the fetus
introversion, invagination
the condition of being folded inward or sheathed
the condition of belonging to a particular place or group by virtue of social or ethnic or cultural lineage
hyalinisation, hyalinization
the state of being hyaline or having become hyaline
vacuolation, vacuolisation, vacuolization
the state of having become filled with vacuoles
the condition of being protuberant; the condition of bulging out
lysogenicity, lysogeny
the condition of a host bacterium that has incorporated a phage into its own genetic material
(medicine) a curving or bending; often abnormal
neonatal death
death of a liveborn infant within the first 28 days of life
SIDS, cot death, crib death, infant death, sudden infant death syndrome
sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant during sleep
lump, puffiness, swelling
an abnormal protuberance or localized enlargement
mental condition, mental state, psychological condition, psychological state
(psychology) a mental condition in which the qualities of a state are relatively constant even though the state itself may be dynamic
a condition or state of affairs almost beyond one's ability to deal with and requiring great effort to bear or overcome
discreteness, distinctness, separateness, severalty
the state of being several and distinct
a state of separation between persons or groups
lack of connection or continuity
disconnectedness, disconnection, disjunction, disjuncture
state of being disconnected
coalition, fusion
the state of being combined into one body
connectedness, connection, link
the state of being connected
colligation, conjugation, conjunction, junction
the state of being joined together
the state of being connected together as in memory or imagination
the state of being unconnected in memory or imagination
a close and intimate union
the union (or attempted fusion) of different systems of thought or belief (especially in religion or philosophy)
improvement, melioration
a condition superior to an earlier condition
declination, decline
a condition inferior to an earlier condition; a gradual falling off from a better state
the state (and responsibilities) of a person who has attained maturity
the state of being ripe
early maturity; the state of being young or immature or inexperienced
post-maturity, post-menopause
the state in which women have stopped ovulating
the state of not being ripe
callowness, jejuneness, juvenility
lacking and evidencing lack of experience of life
prematureness, prematurity
the state of being premature
in the state that someone is in between puberty and adulthood
childhood, puerility
the state of a child between infancy and adolescence
babyhood, infancy
the earliest state of immaturity
relative status
social status or position conferred by a system based on class
high office or rank or station
nobility, noblesse
the state of being of noble birth
the status of being ordained to a sacred office
a position of great esteem (and supposed superiority)
the status of a leader
the state of being noble
ascendance, ascendancy, ascendence, ascendency, control, dominance
the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
comfort, comfortableness
a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain
discomfort, uncomfortableness
the state of being tense and feeling pain
demand, need
a condition requiring relief
the condition of being filled to capacity
the state of containing nothing
nakedness, nudeness, nudity
the state of being without clothing or covering of any kind
depilation, hairlessness
the condition of being void of hair
deshabille, dishabille
the state of being carelessly or partially dressed
fire and brimstone
(Old Testament) God's means of destroying sinners
God's Wisdom
the omniscience of a divine being
God's Will
the omnipotence of a divine being
someone or something wonderful
cultivation, culture, finish, polish, refinement
a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality
state of perfection; the utmost degree
the state of being unimpaired
the state of being complete and entire; having everything that is needed
incompleteness, rawness
the state of being crude and incomplete and imperfect
failing, weakness
a flaw or weak point
an imperfection in a plan or theory or legal document that causes it to fail or that reduces its effectiveness
an imperfection in a bodily system
defect, fault, flaw
an imperfection in an object or machine
an imperfection in someone or something that is suggestive of a wart (especially in smallness or unattractiveness)
defectiveness, faultiness
the state of being defective
crudeness, crudity, primitiveness, primitivism, rudeness
a wild or unrefined state
circumstances, destiny, fate, fortune, lot, luck, portion
your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you)
possibility, possibleness
capability of existing or happening or being true
full of hope
despair, desperation
a state in which all hope is lost or absent
pureness, purity
being undiluted or unmixed with extraneous material
impureness, impurity
the condition of being impure
financial condition
the condition of (corporate or personal) finances
economic condition
the condition of the economy
financial obligation, indebtedness, liability
an obligation to pay money to another party
sanitary condition
the state of sanitation (clean or dirty)
the state of aggregation of soil and its condition for supporting plant growth
order, orderliness
a condition of regular or proper arrangement
disorder, disorderliness
a condition in which things are not in their expected places
normalcy, normality
being within certain limits that define the range of normal functioning
presence of lactose in the urine; can occur during pregnancy or lactation
environmental condition
the state of the environment
climate, mood
the prevailing psychological state
ambiance, ambience, atmosphere
a particular environment or surrounding influence
immunity, unsusceptibility
the state of not being susceptible
immunity, resistance
(medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
the condition of being something that is useful in reaching an end or carrying out a plan
susceptibility, susceptibleness
the state of being susceptible; easily affected
the condition of containing or being covered by a liquid (especially water)
dryness, waterlessness, xerotes
the condition of not containing or being covered by a liquid (especially water)
the state of being certain that adverse effects will not be caused by some agent under defined conditions
the condition of being susceptible to harm or injury
tautness, tenseness, tension, tensity
the physical condition of being stretched or strained
amyotonia, atonia, atonicity, atony
lack of normal muscular tension or tonus
laxity, laxness
the condition of being physiologically lax
a formal way of referring to the condition of something
a state or condition free from damage or decay
muteness, mutism
the condition of being unable or unwilling to speak
eye condition
the condition of the optical properties of the eye
a condition of damage or decay
the condition of being improper
dark, darkness, iniquity, wickedness
absence of moral or spiritual values
illumination, light
a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination
any unwholesome or desperate condition
the state of being purchasable; offered or exhibited for selling
the most severe stage of a disease
the condition of being serrated
the condition of being amphidiploid
the condition of being diploid
the condition of being haploid
the condition of being heteroploid
the condition of being polyploid
the condition in which an organism has two or more cell populations that differ in genetic makeup
orphanage, orphanhood
the condition of being a child without living parents
the condition of having or being marked by stigmata
condition in which a person assumes the identity and permanently acts the part of the gender opposite to his or her biological sex
the condition of being formally forgiven by a priest in the sacrament of penance
the condition of being automatically operated or controlled
brutalisation, brutalization
the condition of being treated in a cruel and savage manner
the condition of being strongly disapproved of
the condition of being treated like a god
the condition of being varied
the condition of being relieved from blame or obligation
the condition of being made easy (or easier)
the condition of being formed into small tight curls
the condition of bearing fruit
hospitalisation, hospitalization
the condition of being treated as a patient in a hospital
the condition of having the identity (of a person or object) established
the condition of being pressed closely together and firmly fixed
ionisation, ionization
the condition of being dissociated into ions (as by heat or radiation or chemical reaction or electrical discharge)
the condition of being exposed to radiation
the condition of permitting leaks or leakage
the condition of having been made smooth or slippery by the application of a lubricant
mechanisation, mechanization
the condition of having a highly technical implementation
the condition of being motivated
a condition resembling that of a mummy
the condition of being (well or ill) preserved
the condition of being prognathous; the condition of having a projecting jaw
the condition naturally attaching to life in the country
the condition of being coated or clogged with rust
scandalisation, scandalization
the condition of being shocked (as by improper behavior)
a position in a hierarchy or organization
a relatively insignificant position from which future progress might be made
the condition of having submitted to control by someone or something else
urbanisation, urbanization
the condition of being urbanized
Type of:
an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of an entity

n (chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped by the container) and gases (filling the container)

“the solid state of water is called ice”
state of matter
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form, phase
(physical chemistry) a distinct state of matter in a system; matter that is identical in chemical composition and physical state and separated from other material by the phase boundary
liquid, liquid state, liquidity, liquidness
the state in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow with little or no tendency to disperse and relatively high incompressibility
solid, solid state, solidness
the state in which a substance has no tendency to flow under moderate stress; resists forces (such as compression) that tend to deform it; and retains a definite size and shape
gas, gaseous state
the state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by: relatively low density and viscosity; relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature; the ability to diffuse readily; and the spontaneous tendency to become distributed uniformly throughout any container
(physical chemistry) a fourth state of matter distinct from solid or liquid or gas and present in stars and fusion reactors; a gas becomes a plasma when it is heated until the atoms lose all their electrons, leaving a highly electrified collection of nuclei and free electrons
interplanetary gas
a rarefied flow of gas and charged particles (plasma) that stream from the sun and form the solar wind
dispersed particles, dispersed phase
(of colloids) a substance in the colloidal state
dispersing medium, dispersing phase, dispersion medium
(of colloids) a substance in which another is colloidally dispersed
Type of:
chemical phenomenon
any natural phenomenon involving chemistry (as changes to atoms or molecules)

n a state of depression or agitation

“he was in such a state you just couldn't reason with him”
Type of:
emotional state, spirit
the state of a person's emotions (especially with regard to pleasure or dejection)

n a politically organized body of people under a single government

“the state has elected a new president”
body politic, commonwealth, country, land, nation, res publica
Tamil Eelam
the independent state that the Tamil Tigers have fought for
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commonwealth country
any of the countries in the British Commonwealth
developing country
a country that is poor and whose citizens are mostly agricultural workers but that wants to become more advanced socially and economically
one of the self-governing nations in the British Commonwealth
foreign country
any state of which one is not a citizen
the German state
renegade state, rogue nation, rogue state
a state that does not respect other states in its international actions
a state exercising a degree of dominion over a dependent state especially in its foreign affairs
sea power
a nation that possesses formidable naval strength
great power, major power, power, superpower, world power
a state powerful enough to influence events throughout the world
city state, city-state
a state consisting of a sovereign city
a friendly nation
Hohenzollern empire, Second Reich
the Reich when Hohenzollern monarchs ruled Germany (from 1871 to 1919)
Nazi Germany, Third Reich
the Nazi dictatorship under Hitler (1933-1945)
a leading or paramount power
Type of:
political entity, political unit
a unit with political responsibilities

n the group of people comprising the government of a sovereign state

“the state has lowered its income tax”
the government of the Soviet Union
welfare state
a government that undertakes responsibility for the welfare of its citizens through programs in public health and public housing and pensions and unemployment compensation etc.
Type of:
authorities, government, regime
the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit

n the territory occupied by a nation

country, land
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Antigua and Barbuda
a country in the northern Leeward Islands
Republic of Cape Verde
an island country in the Atlantic off the coast of Senegal
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
a republic on the island of Ceylon; became independent of the United Kingdom in 1948
Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros
a country on the Comoro Islands
Republic of Cuba
a communist state in the Caribbean on the island of Cuba
Republic of Haiti
a republic in the West Indies on the western part of the island of Hispaniola; achieved independence from France in 1804; the poorest and most illiterate nation in the western hemisphere
Dominican Republic
a republic in the West Indies; located on the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola
a country on the island of Jamaica; became independent of England in 1962; much poverty; the major industry is tourism
a parliamentary democracy on the island of Barbados; former British colony; a popular resort area
Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
an island republic in the West Indies off the northeastern coast of Venezuela; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1962
Republic of Cyprus
a country on the island of Cyprus; 80% of the people are of Greek origin and 20% or Turkish origin
Commonwealth of Dominica
a country on the island of Dominica
East Timor
a former Portuguese colony that was annexed by Indonesia in 1976; voted for independence from Indonesia in 1999 and in May 2002 became an independent nation
Republic of Fiji
an independent state within the British Commonwealth located on the Fiji Islands
State of Israel
Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine
an ancient country in central Italy; assimilated by the Romans by about 200 BC
Commonwealth of Australia
a nation occupying the whole of the Australian continent; Aboriginal tribes are thought to have migrated from southeastern Asia 20,000 years ago; first Europeans were British convicts sent there as a penal colony
Federated States of Micronesia
a country scattered over Micronesia with a constitutional government in free association with the United States; achieved independence in 1986
Republic of the Marshall Islands
a republic (under United States protection) on the Marshall Islands
a small island republic on the Tuvalu islands; formerly part of the British colony of Gilbert and Ellice Islands until it withdrew in 1975 and became independent of the United Kingdom in 1978
Republic of Kiribati
an island republic in the west central Pacific just to the south of the equator
Republic of Nauru
an island republic on Nauru Island; phosphate exports support the economy
Independent State of Papua New Guinea
a parliamentary democracy on the eastern half of the island of New Guinea; in 1975 it became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations
Commonwealth of the Bahamas
island country in the Atlantic to the east of Florida and Cuba; a popular winter resort
Burkina Faso
a desperately poor landlocked country in western Africa; was formerly Upper Volta under French rule but gained independence in 1960
Republic of Indonesia
a republic in southeastern Asia on an archipelago including more than 13,000 islands; achieved independence from the Netherlands in 1945; the principal oil producer in the Far East and Pacific regions
an island state in the West Indies in the southeastern Caribbean Sea; an independent state within the British Commonwealth
Republic of Maldives
a republic on the Maldive Islands; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1965
Republic of Malta
a republic on the island of Malta in the Mediterranean; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1964
Republic of Mauritius
a parliamentary state on the island of Mauritius
New Zealand
an independent country within the British Commonwealth; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1907; known for sheep and spectacular scenery
Republic of Palau
a republic in the western central Pacific Ocean in association with the United States
Republic of the Philippines
a republic on the Philippine Islands; achieved independence from the United States in 1946
Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis
a country on several of the Leeward Islands; located to the east southeast of Puerto Rico; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1983
Saint Lucia
a country on the island of Saint Lucia; gained independence from Great Britain in 1979
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
an island country in the central Windward Islands; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1979
Independent State of Samoa
a constitutional monarchy on the western part of the islands of Samoa in the South Pacific
Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe
island nation in the South Atlantic off the west coast of Africa; achieved independence from Portugal in 1975; has enormous offshore oil reserves
Republic of Seychelles
a republic on the Seychelles islands; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1976
Solomon Islands
the southern Solomon Islands that since 1978 form an independent state in the British Commonwealth
the medieval Russian state established by Scandinavian traders in the 9th century; the capital was first in Novgorod and then in Kiev
Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia; established in 1922; included Russia and 14 other soviet socialist republics (Ukraine and Byelorussia and others); officially dissolved 31 December 1991
Russian Federation
a federation in northeastern Europe and northern Asia; formerly Soviet Russia; since 1991 an independent state
a republic in southeastern Europe; formerly a European soviet; the center of the original Russian state which came into existence in the ninth century
a republic in Asia to the east of the Caspian Sea and to the south of Kazakhstan and to the north of Iran; an Asian soviet from 1925 to 1991
Friendly Islands
a monarchy on a Polynesian archipelago in the South Pacific; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1970
Republic of Turkey
a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; on the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, the Young Turks, led by Kemal Ataturk, established a republic in 1923
Republic of Vanuatu
a volcanic island republic in Melanesia; independent since 1980
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banana republic
a small country (especially in Central America) that is politically unstable and whose economy is dominated by foreign companies and depends on one export (such as bananas)
country of origin, fatherland, homeland, mother country, motherland, native land
the country where you were born
buffer country, buffer state
a small neutral state between two rival powers
a country with a king as head of state
tax haven
a country or independent region where taxes are low
European country, European nation
any one of the countries occupying the European continent
African country, African nation
any one of the countries occupying the African continent
Asian country, Asian nation
any one of the nations occupying the Asian continent
South American country, South American nation
any one of the countries occupying the South American continent
North American country, North American nation
any country on the North American continent
country or territory ruled by a sultan
old country
the country of origin of an immigrant
Scandinavian country, Scandinavian nation
any one of the countries occupying Scandinavia
Balkan country, Balkan nation, Balkan state
any one of the countries on the Balkan Peninsula
Central American country, Central American nation
any one of the countries occupying Central America; these countries (except for Belize and Costa Rica) are characterized by low per capita income and unstable governments
Type of:
administrative district, administrative division, territorial division
a district defined for administrative purposes

n the territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation

“his state is in the deep south”
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Guangdong province
a province in southern China
Gansu province
a province in north-central China; formerly part of the Silk Road to Turkistan and India and Persia
Hebei province
a populous province in northeastern China
Hunan province
a province in southeastern central China between the Nan Ling mountains and the Chang Jiang; noted for its timber and valuable mineral resources
Szechwan province
a populous province of south central China
Yunnan province
a province of southern China
Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region
an autonomous province in far northwestern China on the border with Mongolia and Kazakhstan; the largest province in the People's Republic of China and the homeland of the Uighur people
Inner Mongolia
an autonomous region of northeastern China that was annexed by the Manchu rulers in 1635 and became an integral part of China in 1911
a state of Mexico on the northern part of the Yucatan Peninsula
a Mexican state on the eastern part of the Gulf of Campeche
a state in northern Mexico; mostly high plateau
a state in northern Mexico; mostly high plateau
Quintana Roo
a Mexican state on the eastern side of the Yucatan Peninsula
a Mexican state on the Gulf of Campeche
Lower Saxony
a state in northwestern Germany
a state in southern Germany famous for its beer; site of an automobile factory
a republic in the Balkan Peninsula that declared independence from Serbia in 2008; populated predominantly by Albanians
the northern part of Bosnia-Herzegovina
a picturesque mountainous province of western Austria and northern Italy
state in northeastern India
state in southern India; formerly Mysore
state in northeastern India
Andhra Pradesh
a state of southeastern India on the Bay of Bengal
a state of northeastern India
a state of southwestern India; a former Portuguese colony
an industrialized state in western India that includes parts of Bombay
Tamil Nadu
a state in southeastern India on the Bay of Bengal (south of Andhra Pradesh); formerly Madras
Uttar Pradesh
a state in northern India
state in eastern India on the Bay of Bengal
West Bengal
a state in eastern India
Indonesian Borneo
the part of Indonesia on the southern side of the island of Borneo
one of the northernmost provinces of the Netherlands
Orange Free State
a province in central South Africa that was colonized by the Boers; named Free State in 1997
a province of northeastern South Africa originally inhabited by Africans who spoke Bantu; colonized by the Boers
Cape of Good Hope Province
a former province of southern South Africa that was settled by the Dutch in 1652 and ceded to Great Britain in 1814; in 1994 it was split into three new provinces of South Africa
Cape of Good Hope
a province of western South Africa
an autonomous province of Georgia on the Black Sea; a strong independence movement has resulted in much instability
an autonomous province of Georgia on the Black Sea
a state of Uganda and site of a former Bantu kingdom
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the official name of some states in the United States (Massachusetts and Pennsylvania and Virginia and Kentucky) and associated territories (Puerto Rico)
a province in ancient Greece
American state
one of the 50 states of the United States
Italian region
Italy is divided into 20 regions for administrative purposes
Canadian province
Canada is divided into 12 provinces for administrative purposes
Australian state
one of the several states constituting Australia
Soviet Socialist Republic
one of the states that formerly made up the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (1922-1991)
slave state
any of the southern states in which slavery was legal prior to the American Civil War
free state
any state prohibiting slavery prior to the American Civil War
Type of:
administrative district, administrative division, territorial division
a district defined for administrative purposes

v express in words

state your opinion”
state your name”
say, tell
state as one's opinion or judgement; declare
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lay out, present, represent
bring forward and present to the mind
state something incorrectly
answer, reply, respond
react verbally
introduce, precede, preface, premise
furnish with a preface or introduction
announce, declare
announce publicly or officially
articulate, enunciate, vocalise, vocalize
express or state clearly
get out
express with difficulty
state emphatically and authoritatively
make a declaration (of dutiable goods) to a customs official
mention, note, observe, remark
make mention of
add, append, supply
state or say further
convey or reveal information
sum, sum up, summarise, summarize
be a summary of
enter a plea, as in courts of law
confess one's faith in, or allegiance to
argue, reason
present reasons and arguments
argue, indicate
give evidence of
call back
return or repeat a telephone call
speak in response
answer adequately or successfully
answer back in an impudent or insolent manner
come back, rejoin, repay, retort, return, riposte
answer back
declare or judge unfit for use or habitation
put a law into effect by formal declaration
bless, consecrate, hallow, sanctify
render holy by means of religious rites
account, answer for
furnish a justifying analysis or explanation
advise, propose, suggest
make a proposal, declare a plan for something
assure, promise
make a promise or commitment
promise to undertake or give
take the Fifth, take the Fifth Amendment
refuse to testify by invoking the Fifth Amendment, which states that nobody may be forced to testify as a witness against himself or herself
make a preliminary introduction, usually to a formal document
prologise, prologize, prologuize
write or speak a prologue
condemn, doom, sentence
pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law
twist and turn so as to give an intended interpretation
exclaim, proclaim, promulgate
state or announce
state freely
affirm, assert, aver, avow, swan, swear, verify
declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true
depone, depose, swear
make a deposition; declare under oath
attest, bear witness, take the stand, testify
give testimony in a court of law
name the price of
insert, slip in, sneak in, stick in
insert casually
toss in
add casually to a conversation
issue a decree
animadvert, opine, sound off, speak out, speak up
express one's opinion openly and without fear or hesitation
respond to the reins, as of horses
comment, notice, point out, remark
make or write a comment on
count out
declare the loser
Type of:
express, give tongue to, utter, verbalise, verbalize
articulate; either verbally or with a cry, shout, or noise

v put before

posit, put forward, submit
Type of:
advise, propose, suggest
make a proposal, declare a plan for something

v indicate through a symbol, formula, etc.

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express a choice or opinion
express one's choice or preference by vote
bring into existence or make available by vote
bullet vote
vote cumulatively and distribute the votes according to some principle
Type of:
denote, refer
have as a meaning

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