shock

A shock is the uncomfortable feeling you get when an electric current passes through your body. If you stick your finger in an outlet, you'll get an unpleasant shock.

A shock can be a jarring surprise, like the shock of getting fired. If a human body goes into a state of shock, that person is near collapse, reeling from a traumatic situation. A shock of hair refers to a bushy mass of hair on a person's head. As a verb, shock can also mean "to inflict trauma on someone else," like shocking your mom with your news or you shock your dog's electric collar every time he tries to bite you.

Definitions of shock
  1. noun
    an unpleasant or disappointing surprise
    “it came as a shock to learn that he was injured”
    synonyms: blow
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    types:
    blip
    a sudden minor shock or meaningless interruption
    type of:
    surprise
    a sudden unexpected event
  2. noun
    a sudden jarring impact
    synonyms: jar, jolt, jounce
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    type of:
    blow, bump
    an impact (as from a collision)
  3. noun
    the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally
    “he was numb with shock
    synonyms: daze, stupor
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    type of:
    stupefaction
    a feeling of stupefied astonishment
  4. noun
    (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor
    “loss of blood is an important cause of shock
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    types:
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    cardiogenic shock
    shock caused by cardiac arrest
    hypovolemic shock
    shock caused by severe blood or fluid loss
    obstructive shock
    shock caused by obstruction of blood flow
    distributive shock
    shock caused by poor distribution of the blood flow
    insulin reaction, insulin shock
    hypoglycemia produced by excessive insulin in the system causing coma
    type of:
    collapse, prostration
    an abrupt failure of function or complete physical exhaustion
  5. noun
    the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat
    “the armies met in the shock of battle”
    synonyms: impact
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    type of:
    combat, fight, fighting, scrap
    the act of fighting; any contest or struggle
  6. verb
    surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off
    synonyms: ball over, blow out of the water, floor, startle, take aback
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    types:
    galvanise, galvanize, startle
    to stimulate to action
    type of:
    surprise
    cause to be surprised
  7. verb
    strike with disgust or revulsion
    “The scandalous behavior of this married woman shocked her friends”
    synonyms: appal, appall, offend, outrage, scandalise, scandalize
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    type of:
    churn up, disgust, nauseate, revolt, sicken
    cause aversion in; offend the moral sense of
  8. verb
    strike with horror or terror
    “The news of the bombing shocked her”
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    type of:
    alarm, appal, appall, dismay, horrify
    fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised
  9. verb
    collide violently
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    type of:
    clash, collide
    crash together with violent impact
  10. verb
    inflict a trauma upon
    synonyms: traumatise, traumatize
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    type of:
    injure, wound
    cause injuries or bodily harm to
  11. noun
    a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses
    “the old car needed a new set of shocks
    synonyms: cushion, shock absorber
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    types:
    air cushion, air spring
    a mechanical device using confined air to absorb the shock of motion
    type of:
    damper, muffler
    a device that decreases the amplitude of electronic, mechanical, acoustical, or aerodynamic oscillations
  12. noun
    a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body
    “electricians get accustomed to occasional shocks
    synonyms: electric shock, electrical shock
  13. verb
    subject to electrical shocks
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    types:
    galvanise, galvanize
    stimulate (muscles) by administering a shock
    type of:
    care for, treat
    provide treatment for
  14. noun
    an instance of agitation of the earth's crust
    “the first shock of the earthquake came shortly after noon while workers were at lunch”
    synonyms: seismic disturbance
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    type of:
    earthquake, quake, seism, temblor
    shaking and vibration at the surface of the earth resulting from underground movement along a fault plane of from volcanic activity
  15. noun
    a bushy thick mass (especially hair)
    “he had an unruly shock of black hair”
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    type of:
    mass
    an ill-structured collection of similar things (objects or people)
  16. noun
    a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field
    “corn is bound in small sheaves and several sheaves are set up together in shocks
    “whole fields of wheat in shock
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    type of:
    agglomerate, cumulation, cumulus, heap, mound, pile
    a collection of objects laid on top of each other
  17. verb
    collect or gather into shocks
    shock grain”
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    type of:
    collect, garner, gather, pull together
    assemble or get together
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