render

Render is a synonym of make — technically it means "cause to become." An illness might render you unable to walk, or a shocking site might render you speechless.

Another basic meaning of the verb render is to give, present, or perform something: you could render assistance to someone in need, for example. And a specialized sense is to formally declare a verdict in a court case. Render derives from the Latin verb reddere, "to restore," from the prefix re-, "back," plus dare, "to give."

Definitions of render
  1. verb
    give or supply
    “The estate renders some revenue for the family”
    synonyms: generate, give, return, yield
    give, yield
    cause to happen or be responsible for
    establish, give
    bring about
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    type of:
    create, make, produce
    create or manufacture a man-made product
  2. verb
    bestow
    render thanks”
    synonyms: give
    give
    accord by verdict
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    types:
    dedicate
    inscribe or address by way of compliment
    inscribe
    address, (a work of literature) in a style less formal than a dedication
    type of:
    communicate, intercommunicate
    transmit thoughts or feelings
  3. verb
    give back
    render money”
    synonyms: return
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    types:
    feed back, resubmit
    submit (information) again to a program or automatic system
    type of:
    give
    transfer possession of something concrete or abstract to somebody
  4. verb
    give something useful or necessary to
    synonyms: furnish, provide, supply
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    types:
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    hydrate
    supply water or liquid to in order to maintain a healthy balance
    charge
    energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge
    date
    provide with a dateline; mark with a date
    feed
    feed into; supply
    calk
    provide with calks
    fund
    provide a fund for the redemption of principal or payment of interest
    scant, skimp, stint
    supply sparingly and with restricted quantities
    terrace, terrasse
    provide (a house) with a terrace
    dado
    provide with a dado
    innervate
    supply nerves to (some organ or body part)
    offer
    make available or accessible, provide or furnish
    signalise, signalize
    provide with traffic signals
    extend, offer
    make available; provide
    stock
    provide or furnish with a stock of something
    buy in, stock, stock up
    amass so as to keep for future use or sale or for a particular occasion or use
    caption
    provide with a caption, as of a photograph or a drawing
    tube
    provide with a tube or insert a tube into
    ticket
    provide with a ticket for passage or admission
    stock
    supply with livestock
    stock
    supply with fish
    rim
    furnish with a rim
    fret
    provide (a musical instrument) with frets
    step
    furnish with steps
    rail
    provide with rails
    grate
    furnish with a grate
    capitalise, capitalize
    supply with capital, as of a business by using a combination of capital used by investors and debt capital provided by lenders
    alphabetise, alphabetize
    provide with an alphabet
    wharf
    provide with a wharf
    air-condition, air-cool
    equip with an apparatus for controlling the humidity and temperature
    uniform
    provide with uniforms
    railroad
    supply with railroad lines
    partner
    provide with a partner
    bewhisker, whisker
    furnish with whiskers
    subtitle
    supply (a movie) with subtitles
    headline
    provide (a newspaper page or a story) with a headline
    match
    provide funds complementary to
    hobnail
    supply with hobnails
    wive
    provide with a wife; marry (someone) to a wife
    victual
    supply with food
    cloy, surfeit
    supply or feed to surfeit
    heat
    provide with heat
    seat
    provide with seats
    seat
    put a seat on a chair
    ramp
    furnish with a ramp
    arm
    supply with arms
    interleave
    provide (books) with blank leaves
    glass, glaze
    furnish with glass
    crenel, crenelate, crenellate
    supply with battlements
    causeway
    provide with a causeway
    canal, canalise, canalize
    provide (a city) with a canal
    bush
    provide with a bushing
    brattice
    supply with a brattice, to ventilate mines
    furnish
    provide or equip with furniture
    slat
    equip or bar with slats
    berth
    provide with a berth
    bed
    furnish with a bed
    computerise, computerize
    provide with computers
    costume
    furnish with costumes; as for a film or play
    bottom
    provide with a bottom or a seat
    rafter
    provide (a ceiling) with rafters
    tool
    furnish with tools
    key
    provide with a key
    fuel
    provide with a combustible substance that provides energy
    provision, purvey
    supply with provisions
    afford, give, yield
    be the cause or source of
    equip, fit, fit out, outfit
    provide with (something) usually for a specific purpose
    transistorise, transistorize
    equip (an electronic circuit or device) with transistors
    upholster
    provide furniture with padding, springs, webbing, and covers
    cleat
    provide with cleats
    coal
    supply with coal
    corbel
    furnish with a corbel
    cornice
    furnish with a cornice
    constitutionalize
    provide with a constitution, as of a country
    copper-bottom
    provide with a copper bottom
    curtain
    provide with drapery
    gate
    supply with a gate
    index
    provide with an index
    articulate, joint
    provide with a joint
    pour
    supply in large amounts or quantities
    pump
    supply in great quantities
    fire, fuel
    provide with fuel
    flood, glut, oversupply
    supply with an excess of
    toggle
    provide with a toggle or toggles
    patch
    provide with a patch; also used metaphorically
    water
    provide with water
    leverage
    provide with leverage
    tap
    furnish with a tap or spout, so as to be able to draw liquid from it
    top, top out
    provide with a top or finish the top (of a structure)
    reflectorise, reflectorize
    provide with reflectors, such as chemicals
    retrofit
    provide with parts, devices, or equipment not available or in use at the time of the original manufacture
    border, edge
    provide with a border or edge
    machicolate
    supply with projecting galleries
    sanitate
    provide with sanitary facilities or appliances
    hat
    furnish with a hat
    theme
    provide with a particular theme or motive
    kern
    furnish with a kern
    headquarter
    provide with headquarters
    shelter
    provide shelter for
    rig, set, set up
    equip with sails or masts
    mechanise, mechanize, motorise, motorize
    equip with armed and armored motor vehicles
    recharge
    charge anew
    open, open up
    make available
    date-mark, dateline, datemark
    mark with a date and place
    date, date stamp
    stamp with a date
    accost, hook, solicit
    approach with an offer of sexual favors
    fuse
    equip with a fuse; provide with a fuse
    collar
    furnish with a collar
    spur
    equip with spurs
    fin
    equip (a car) with fins
    motorize
    equip with a motor
    motorize
    equip with a motor vehicle
    plant
    place into a river
    restock
    stock again
    overstock
    stock excessively
    understock
    stock with less than the usual or desirable number or quantity
    stock
    equip with a stock
    steam-heat
    heat by means of steam
    reseat
    provide with new seats
    reseat
    provide with a new seat
    munition
    supply with weapons
    rearm
    arm again
    double-glaze
    provide with two sheets of glass
    refurnish
    furnish with new or different furniture
    bunk
    provide with a bunk
    gas up
    fill with gasoline
    refuel
    provide with additional fuel, as of aircraft, ships, and cars
    bunker
    fill (a ship's bunker) with coal or oil
    horseshoe
    equip (a horse) with a horseshoe or horseshoes
    turn out
    outfit or equip, as with accessories
    instrument
    equip with instruments for measuring, recording, or controlling
    muzzle
    fit with a muzzle
    kit, kit out, kit up
    supply with a set of articles or tools
    appoint
    furnish
    re-equip, rejig
    re-equip a factory or plant
    refit
    fit out again
    armor, armour
    equip with armor
    accouter, accoutre
    provide with military equipment
    wire
    provide with electrical circuits
    shaft
    equip with a shaft
    spar
    furnish with spars
    stave
    furnish with staves
    adorn, clothe, invest
    furnish with power or authority; of kings or emperors
    domiciliate, house, put up
    provide housing for
    kennel
    put up in a kennel
    stable
    shelter in a stable
    stall
    put into, or keep in, a stall
    commission
    put into commission; equip for service; of ships
    harbor, harbour
    secretly shelter (as of fugitives or criminals)
    allow, allow for, leave, provide
    make a possibility or provide opportunity for; permit to be attainable or cause to remain
    type of:
    give
    transfer possession of something concrete or abstract to somebody
  5. verb
    make over as a return
    “They had to render the estate”
    synonyms: submit
    see moresee less
    type of:
    gift, give, present
    give as a present; make a gift of
  6. verb
    to surrender someone or something to another
    render up the prisoners”
    render the town to the enemy”
    synonyms: deliver, fork out, fork over, fork up, hand over, turn in
    see moresee less
    types:
    bail
    deliver something in trust to somebody for a special purpose and for a limited period
    give away
    formally hand over to the bridegroom in marriage; of a bride by her father
    type of:
    give, hand, pass, pass on, reach, turn over
    place into the hands or custody of
  7. verb
    pass down
    render a verdict”
    synonyms: deliver, return
    see moresee less
    type of:
    communicate, pass, pass along, pass on, put across
    transmit information
  8. verb
    cause to become
    “The shot rendered her immobile”
    see moresee less
    type of:
    get, make
    give certain properties to something
  9. verb
    give an interpretation or rendition of
    “The pianist rendered the Beethoven sonata beautifully”
    synonyms: interpret
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    types:
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    sing
    deliver by singing
    solmizate
    sing by the syllables of solmization
    troll
    sing the parts of (a round) in succession
    hymn
    sing a hymn
    carol
    sing carols
    madrigal
    sing madrigals
    type of:
    do, execute, perform
    carry out or perform an action
  10. verb
    show in, or as in, a picture
    “the face of the child is rendered with much tenderness in this painting”
    synonyms: depict, picture, show
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    types:
    illustrate
    depict with an illustration
    map
    depict as if on a map
    type of:
    interpret, represent
    create an image or likeness of
  11. verb
    restate (words) from one language into another language
    “She rendered the French poem into English”
    synonyms: interpret, translate
    translate
    be translatable, or be translatable in a certain way
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    types:
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    retranslate
    translate again
    mistranslate
    translate incorrectly
    gloss
    provide an interlinear translation of a word or phrase
    Latinise, Latinize
    translate into Latin
    type of:
    ingeminate, iterate, reiterate, repeat, restate, retell
    to say, state, or perform again
  12. verb
    coat with plastic or cement
    render the brick walls in the den”
    see moresee less
    type of:
    coat, surface
    put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface
  13. noun
    a substance similar to stucco but exclusively applied to masonry walls
    see moresee less
    type of:
    stucco
    a plaster now made mostly from Portland cement and sand and lime; applied while soft to cover exterior walls or surfaces
  14. verb
    melt (fat or lard) in order to separate out impurities
    render fat in a casserole”
    synonyms: try
    see moresee less
    type of:
    melt, melt down, run
    reduce or cause to be reduced from a solid to a liquid state, usually by heating
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