record

Record started off meaning "to register," with a record being something written down. With the invention of the phonograph, record came to mean to capture sound––and a record was something that stored that sound.

Bands record songs. If you record (re-CORD) your thoughts in a diary, you are making a record (REC-urd) of your life. If you get caught stealing, you'll find yourself with a criminal record, but if you're under eighteen, the theft will not appear on your permanent record. We look to the historical record to learn what happened in the past.

Definitions of record
  1. noun
    anything (such as a document or a phonograph record or a photograph) providing permanent evidence of or information about past events
    “the film provided a valuable record of stage techniques”
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    examples:
    Domesday Book
    record of a British census and land survey in 1085-1086 ordered by William the Conqueror
    Combined DNA Index System
    the DNA file maintained by the Federal Bureau of Investigation
    Parallel Lives
    a collection of biographies of famous pairs of Greeks and Romans written by Plutarch; used by Shakespeare in writing some of his plays
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    written account, written record
    a written document preserving knowledge of facts or events
    memorabilia
    a record of things worth remembering
    check stub, counterfoil, stub
    the part of a check that is retained as a record
    data file, file
    a set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together
    account, chronicle, history, story
    a record or narrative description of past events
    working papers
    records kept of activities involved in carrying out a project
    blotter, charge sheet, day book, police blotter, rap sheet
    the daily written record of events (as arrests) in a police station
    casebook
    a book in which detailed written records of a case are kept and which are a source of information for subsequent work
    chronology
    a record of events in the order of their occurrence
    dossier
    a collection of papers containing detailed information about a particular person or subject (usually a person's record)
    entry
    an item inserted in a written record
    log
    a written record of events on a voyage (of a ship or plane)
    log
    a written record of messages sent or received
    note
    a brief written record
    paper trail
    the written evidence of someone's activities
    timecard
    a card recording an employee's starting and quitting times each work day
    time sheet
    a record of the hours worked by employees
    copy, transcript
    a reproduction of a written record (e.g. of a legal or school record)
    register, registry
    an official written record of names or events or transactions
    minutes, proceedings, transactions
    a written account of what transpired at a meeting
    minute book
    a book in which minutes have been written
    computer file
    (computer science) a file maintained in computer-readable form
    mug book, mug file
    a file of mug shots (pictures of criminals that are kept on file by the police)
    ancient history
    a history of the ancient world
    etymology
    a history of a word
    case history
    detailed record of the background of a person or group under study or treatment
    historical document, historical paper, historical record
    writing having historical value (as opposed to fiction or myth etc.)
    annals, chronological record
    a chronological account of events in successive years
    biography, life, life history, life story
    an account of the series of events making up a person's life
    statute book
    a record of the whole body of legislation in a given jurisdiction
    interlingual rendition, rendering, translation, version
    a written communication in a second language having the same meaning as the written communication in a first language
    worksheet
    a piece of paper recording work planned or done on a project
    tickler, tickler file
    a file of memoranda or notices that remind of things to be done
    recital
    a detailed account or description of something
    type of:
    evidence
    an indication that makes something evident
  2. noun
    a compilation of the known facts regarding something or someone
    “Al Smith used to say, `Let's look at the record'”
    synonyms: book, record book
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    types:
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    logbook
    a book in which the log is written
    won-lost record
    (sports) a record of win versus losses
    card, scorecard
    (golf) a record of scores (as in golf)
    bell book
    a logbook in which all orders concerning the main engines of a ship are recorded
    type of:
    fact
    a statement or assertion of verified information about something that is the case or has happened
  3. noun
    a list of crimes for which an accused person has been previously convicted
    “the prostitute had a record a mile long”
    synonyms: criminal record
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    type of:
    list, listing
    a database containing an ordered array of items (names or topics)
  4. noun
    a document that can serve as legal evidence of a transaction
    “they could find no record of the purchase”
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    balance sheet
    a record of the financial situation of an institution on a particular date by listing its assets and the claims against those assets
    expense record
    a written record of money spent
    account book, book, book of account, ledger, leger
    a record in which commercial accounts are recorded
    payslip
    a slip of paper included with your pay that records how much money you have earned and how much tax or insurance etc. has been taken out
    register
    a book in which names and transactions are listed
    bankbook, passbook
    a record of deposits and withdrawals and interest held by depositors at certain banks
    checkbook, chequebook
    a book issued to holders of checking accounts
    cost ledger
    ledger showing the accumulated costs classified in various ways
    general ledger
    the ledger that contains all of the financial accounts of a business; contains offsetting debit and credit accounts (including control accounts)
    subsidiary ledger
    details of an account supporting the amount stated in the general ledger
    daybook, journal
    a ledger in which transactions have been recorded as they occurred
    accounting, accounting system, method of accounting
    a bookkeeper's chronological list of related debits and credits of a business; forms part of a ledger of accounts
    inventory
    (accounting) the value of a firm's current assets including raw materials and work in progress and finished goods
    payroll, paysheet
    a list of employees and their salaries
    type of:
    document
    a written account of ownership or obligation
  5. noun
    sound recording consisting of a disk with a continuous groove; used to reproduce music by rotating while a phonograph needle tracks in the groove
    synonyms: disc, disk, phonograph record, phonograph recording, platter
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    types:
    L-P, LP
    a long-playing phonograph record; designed to be played at 33.3 rpm
    78, seventy-eight
    a shellac based phonograph record that played at 78 revolutions per minute
    type of:
    audio, audio recording, sound recording
    a recording of acoustic signals
  6. noun
    the sum of recognized accomplishments
    “the lawyer has a good record
    “the track record shows that he will be a good president”
    synonyms: track record
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    type of:
    accomplishment, achievement
    the action of accomplishing something
  7. noun
    the number of wins versus losses and ties a team has had
    “at 9-0 they have the best record in their league”
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    type of:
    number
    a concept of quantity involving zero and units
  8. noun
    an extreme attainment; the best (or worst) performance ever attested (as in a sport)
    “he tied the Olympic record
    “coffee production last year broke all previous records
    “Chicago set the homicide record
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    types:
    track record
    the fastest time ever recorded for a specific distance at a particular racetrack
    world record
    the best record in the whole world
    type of:
    attainment
    the act of achieving an aim
  9. verb
    make a record of; set down in permanent form
    synonyms: enter, put down
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    types:
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    chalk up, tally
    keep score, as in games
    clock in, clock on, punch in
    register one's arrival at work
    tape
    register electronically
    accession
    make a record of additions to a collection, such as a library
    post
    display, as of records in sports games
    ring up
    to perform and record a sale on a cash register
    manifest
    record in a ship's manifest
    inscribe
    write, engrave, or print as a lasting record
    chronicle
    record in chronological order; make a historical record
    file, file away
    place in a container for keeping records
    document
    record in detail
    log
    enter into a log, as on ships and planes
    clock up, log up
    record a distance travelled; on planes and cars
    film, shoot, take
    make a film or photograph of something
    tape, videotape
    record on videotape
    photograph, shoot, snap
    record on photographic film
    mark, score
    make underscoring marks
    notch
    notch a surface to record something
    keep, maintain
    maintain by writing regular records
    film
    record in film
    register
    record in writing; enter into a book of names or events or transactions
    book
    record a charge in a police register
    cancel, invalidate
    make invalid for use
    save, write
    record data on a computer
    tape record
    record with a tape recorder
    prerecord
    record before presentation, as of a broadcast
    file, register
    record in a public office or in a court of law
    retake
    photograph again
    reshoot
    shoot again
    x-ray
    take an x-ray of something or somebody
    cinematise, cinematize
    make a film of or adopt so as to make into a film
    microfilm
    record on microfilm
    cut
    record a performance on (a medium)
    cut
    make a recording of
    patent
    grant rights to; grant a patent for
    enrol, enroll, enter, inscribe, recruit
    register formally as a participant or member
    list
    include in a list
    fine, ticket
    issue a ticket or a fine to as a penalty
    book
    register in a hotel booker
    type of:
    preserve, save
    to keep up and reserve for personal or special use
  10. verb
    register electronically
    “They recorded her singing”
    synonyms: tape
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    Antonyms:
    delete, erase
    wipe out digitally or magnetically recorded information
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    save, write
    record data on a computer
    tape record
    record with a tape recorder
    prerecord
    record before presentation, as of a broadcast
    cut
    record a performance on (a medium)
    cut
    make a recording of
    overwrite
    write new data on top of existing data and thus erase the previously existing data
    type of:
    enter, put down
    make a record of; set down in permanent form
  11. verb
    be aware of
    synonyms: register
    register
    enter into someone's consciousness
    register
    show in one's face
  12. verb
    be or provide a memorial to a person or an event
    synonyms: commemorate, immortalise, immortalize, memorialise, memorialize
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    types:
    monumentalise, monumentalize
    record or memorialize lastingly with a monument
    type of:
    remind
    put in the mind of someone
  13. verb
    indicate a certain reading; of gauges and instruments
    synonyms: read, register, show
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    types:
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    say
    indicate
    show
    give evidence of, as of records
    strike
    indicate (a certain time) by striking
    attest
    establish or verify the usage of
    surcharge
    show an omission in (an account) for which credit ought to have been given
    type of:
    indicate
    to state or express briefly
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