loom

Loom has two distinct meanings. First, a loom is a tool for weaving. Second, to loom is to appear or stand over someone in a threatening way. Don’t loom over the person you’re teaching to weave! You'll just make her nervous.

The word loom, as an instrument to turn yarn into fabric, comes from an Old English word for “tool.” The verb form, meaning “to lurk just out of view,” comes from Low German or Dutch. Anything that looms is coming into view slowly and isn't something you want to see. Although storm clouds and icebergs can loom, this word does not have to refer to a physical object. If a deadline looms, better get to work.

Definitions of loom
  1. noun
    a textile machine for weaving yarn into a textile
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    types:
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    carpet loom
    a loom for weaving carpeting
    figure loom, figured-fabric loom
    a loom for weaving figured fabrics
    handloom
    a loom powered by hand
    Jacquard, Jacquard loom
    a loom with an attachment for forming openings for the passage of the shuttle between the warp threads; used in weaving figured fabrics
    power loom
    a loom operated mechanically
    high-warp loom
    a handloom in which the warp is carried vertically; for weaving tapestry
    low-warp-loom
    a handloom in which the warp is carried horizontally; for weaving tapestry
    type of:
    textile machine
    a machine for making textiles
  2. verb
    weave on a loom
    “materials loomed in Egypt”
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    type of:
    tissue, weave
    create a piece of cloth by interlacing strands of fabric, such as wool or cotton
  3. verb
    come into view indistinctly, often threateningly
    “Another air plane loomed into the sky”
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    type of:
    appear, look, seem
    give a certain impression or have a certain outward aspect
  4. verb
    hang over, as of something threatening, dark, or menacing
    synonyms: brood, bulk large, hover
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    types:
    dominate, eclipse, overshadow
    be greater in significance than
    type of:
    hang
    be menacing, burdensome, or oppressive
  5. verb
    appear very large or occupy a commanding position
    “Large shadows loomed on the canyon wall”
    synonyms: hulk, predominate, tower
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    type of:
    lift, rear, rise
    rise up
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