A kibbutz is a cooperative Israeli farming community. Kibbutzim provide about forty percent of Israel's agricultural output.

The first kibbutz was formed in 1909, and back then farming was even more important than it is in today's kibbutzim (yes, this is the plural form of kibbutz). The original philosophy of kibbutzim was somewhat utopian, a belief in the creation of a perfect, equal society, and based in socialist ideals of shared ownership and a communal lifestyle. The word comes from the Modern Hebrew qibbus, "a gathering."

Definitions of kibbutz
  1. noun
    a collective farm or settlement owned by its members in modern Israel; children are reared collectively
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    type of:
    collective farm
    a farm operated collectively
Word Family

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