instruction

Instruction is vital for education, as it is the transfer of learning from one person to another. Any time you are given directions or told how to do something you are receiving instruction.

The noun instruction is related to the word structure; both share the Latin root structus, "built." The use of the word as we know it today appeared in the early 15th century from the Old French. Today it refers to the action of teaching and the job of a teacher. It can also be used to denote the directions themselves. Consider the word's connection with structure: effective instruction is presented in an orderly, structured manner.

Definitions of instruction
  1. noun
    the activities of educating or instructing; activities that impart knowledge or skill
    “our instruction was carefully programmed”
    synonyms: didactics, education, educational activity, pedagogy, teaching
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    coeducation
    education of men and women in the same institutions
    continuing education
    a program of instruction designed primarily for adult students who participate part-time
    class, course, course of instruction, course of study
    education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings
    elementary education
    education in elementary subjects (reading and writing and arithmetic) provided to young students at a grade school
    extension, extension service, university extension
    an educational opportunity provided by colleges and universities to people who are not enrolled as regular students
    extracurricular activity
    educational activities not falling within the scope of the regular curriculum
    higher education
    education provided by a college or university
    secondary education
    education beyond the elementary grades; provided by a high school or college preparatory school
    team teaching
    a method of coordinated classroom teaching involving a team of teachers working together with a single group of students
    work-study program
    an educational plan in which students alternate between paid employment and formal study
    adult education
    a course (via lectures or correspondence) for adults who are not otherwise engaged in formal study
    art class
    a class in which you learn to draw or paint
    childbirth-preparation class
    a course that teaches pregnant women to use breathing and concentration and exercise techniques to use during labor
    dramatics
    participation in theatrical productions as an extracurricular activity
    athletics
    participation in sports events as an extracurricular activity
    correspondence course
    a course offered (by mail) by a correspondence school
    course of lectures
    a series of lectures dealing with a subject
    directed study
    a course of study that is supervised and controlled by a specialist in the subject
    elective, elective course
    a course that the student can select from among alternatives
    extension course
    a course offered as part of an extension service
    home study
    a course of study carried out at home rather than in a classroom
    industrial arts
    a course in the methods of using tools and machinery as taught in secondary schools and technical schools
    orientation, orientation course
    a course introducing a new situation or environment
    propaedeutic, propaedeutics
    a course that provides an introduction to an art or science (or to more advanced study generally)
    refresher, refresher course
    a course that reviews and updates a topic for those who have not kept abreast of developments
    required course
    a course that all students are required to take
    seminar
    a course offered for a small group of advanced students
    shop, shop class
    a course of instruction in a trade (as carpentry or electricity)
    workshop
    a brief intensive course for a small group; emphasizes problem solving
    type of:
    activity
    any specific behavior
  2. noun
    the profession of a teacher
    synonyms: pedagogy, teaching
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    catechesis
    oral religious instruction (as before baptism or confirmation)
    catechetical instruction
    teaching religious principles by questions and answers
    language teaching
    teaching people to speak and understand a foreign language
    teaching reading
    teaching beginners to read
    schooling
    the act of teaching at school
    indoctrination
    teaching someone to accept doctrines uncritically
    tuition, tutelage, tutorship
    teaching pupils individually (usually by a tutor hired privately)
    lesson
    a unit of instruction
    hypnopedia, sleep-learning
    teaching during sleep (as by using recordings to teach a foreign language to someone who is asleep)
    spoonfeeding
    teaching in an overly simplified way that discourages independent thought
    lecture, lecturing
    teaching by giving a discourse on some subject (typically to a class)
    language lesson
    a period of instruction learning a language
    phonics
    teaching reading by training beginners to associate letters with their sound values
    whole-word method
    teaching reading by training beginners to associate printed words with spoken words
    brainwashing
    forcible indoctrination into a new set of attitudes and beliefs
    inculcation, ingraining, instilling
    teaching or impressing upon the mind by frequent instruction or repetition
    dance lesson
    a lesson in dancing
    music lesson
    a lesson in performing music
    tennis lesson
    a lesson in playing tennis
    golf lesson
    a lesson in playing golf
    talk
    the act of giving a talk to an audience
    type of:
    education
    the profession of teaching (especially at a school or college or university)
  3. noun
    a message describing how something is to be done
    synonyms: direction
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    examples:
    Robert's Rules of Order
    a book of rules for presiding over a meeting; written by Henry M. Martin in 1876 and subsequently updated through many editions
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    rule
    any one of a systematic body of regulations defining the way of life of members of a religious order
    prescript, rule
    prescribed guide for conduct or action
    rubric
    directions for the conduct of Christian church services (often printed in red in a prayer book)
    misdirection
    incorrect directions or instructions
    address, destination, name and address
    written directions for finding some location; written on letters or packages that are to be delivered to that location
    markup
    detailed stylistic instructions for typesetting something that is to be printed; manual markup is usually written on the copy (e.g. underlining words that are to be set in italics)
    prescription
    directions prescribed beforehand; the action of prescribing authoritative rules or directions
    formula, recipe
    directions for making something
    rule
    directions that define the way a game or sport is to be conducted
    stage direction
    an instruction written as part of the script of a play
    style
    editorial directions to be followed in spelling and punctuation and capitalization and typographical display
    system command
    a computer user's instruction (not part of a program) that calls for action by the computer's executive program
    bylaw
    a rule adopted by an organization in order to regulate its own affairs and the behavior of its members
    rubric
    an authoritative rule of conduct or procedure
    order, parliamentary law, parliamentary procedure, rules of order
    a body of rules followed by an assembly
    rule of evidence
    (law) a rule of law whereby any alleged matter of fact that is submitted for investigation at a judicial trial is established or disproved
    Miranda rule
    the rule that police (when interrogating you after an arrest) are obliged to warn you that anything you say may be used as evidence and to read you your constitutional rights (the right to a lawyer and the right to remain silent until advised by a lawyer)
    precept, principle
    rule of personal conduct
    golden rule
    any important rule
    GIGO
    (computer science) a rule stating that the quality of the output is a function of the quality of the input; put garbage in and you get garbage out
    dictate
    an authoritative rule
    ordinance, regulation
    an authoritative rule
    canon
    a rule or especially body of rules or principles generally established as valid and fundamental in a field or art or philosophy
    etiquette
    rules governing socially acceptable behavior
    communications protocol, protocol
    (computer science) rules determining the format and transmission of data
    return address
    the address of the sender of a letter or parcel indicating where it should be returned if it cannot be delivered
    ground rule
    (baseball) a special rule (as in baseball) dealing with situations that arise due to the nature of the playing grounds
    type of:
    content, message, subject matter, substance
    what a communication that is about something is about
  4. noun
    (computer science) a line of code written as part of a computer program
    synonyms: command, program line, statement
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    call
    an instruction that interrupts the program being executed
    command line
    commands that a user types in order to run an application
    link
    (computing) an instruction that connects one part of a program or an element on a list to another program or list
    macro, macro instruction
    a single computer instruction that results in a series of instructions in machine language
    system error
    an instruction that is either not recognized by an operating system or is in violation of the procedural rules
    toggle
    any instruction that works first one way and then the other; it turns something on the first time it is used and then turns it off the next time
    function call
    a call that passes control to a subroutine; after the subroutine is executed control returns to the next instruction in main program
    hyperlink
    a link from a hypertext file to another location or file; typically activated by clicking on a highlighted word or icon at a particular location on the screen
    supervisor call instruction, system call
    an instruction that interrupts the program being executed and passes control to the supervisor
    type of:
    code, computer code
    (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions
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