fact

You can't argue with facts: a fact is something proven to be true. It's important to distinguish between fact and fiction.

When someone says, "Is that a fact?" they're asking "Is that really true?" When a detective says, "Give me the facts," he only wants information that is rock solid and confirmed. The job of science is to study things and figure out what the facts are in every field. Theories and opinions are not facts: you need to have proof for something to be a fact.

Definitions of fact
1

n a piece of information about circumstances that exist or events that have occurred

“first you must collect all the facts of the case”
Types:
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case
the actual state of things
detail, item, point
an isolated fact that is considered separately from the whole
particular, specific
a fact about some part (as opposed to general)
general
a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular)
matter of fact
a matter that is an actual fact or is demonstrable as a fact
observation
facts learned by observing
reason
a fact that logically justifies some premise or conclusion
score
the facts about an actual situation
truth
a fact that has been verified
scientific fact
an observation that has been confirmed repeatedly and is accepted as true (although its truth is never final)
home truth
an important truth that is unpleasant to acknowledge (as about yourself)
verity
an enduring or necessary ethical or religious or aesthetic truth
minutia
a small or minor detail
nook and cranny, nooks and crannies
something remote
regard, respect
(usually preceded by `in') a detail or point
sticking point
a point at which an impasse arises in progress toward an agreement or a goal
technicality, trifle, triviality
a detail that is considered insignificant
indication
(medicine) a reason to prescribe a drug or perform a procedure
contraindication
(medicine) a reason that makes it inadvisable to prescribe a particular drug or employ a particular procedure or treatment
Type of:
information
knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction

n a statement or assertion of verified information about something that is the case or has happened

“he supported his argument with an impressive array of facts
Examples:
Dow-Jones Industrial Average
an indicator of stock market prices; based on the share values of 30 blue-chip stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange
Standard and Poor's Index
a broadly based stock market index
Types:
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book, record, record book
a compilation of the known facts regarding something or someone
basics, rudiments
a statement of fundamental facts or principles
index, index number, indicant, indicator
a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time
logbook
a book in which the log is written
won-lost record
(sports) a record of win versus losses
card, scorecard
(golf) a record of scores (as in golf)
BMI, body mass index
a measure of someone's weight in relation to height; to calculate one's BMI, multiply one's weight in pounds and divide that by the square of one's height in inches; overweight is a BMI greater than 25; obese is a BMI greater than 30
business index
a statistical compilation that provides a context for economic or financial conditions
leading indicator
one of 11 indicators for different sections of the economy; used by the Department of Commerce to predict economic trends in the near future
price index, price level
an index that traces the relative changes in the price of an individual good (or a market basket of goods) over time
short account
the aggregate of short sales on an open market
stock index, stock market index
index based on a statistical compilation of the share prices of a number of representative stocks
Type of:
info, information
a message received and understood

n an event known to have happened or something known to have existed

“your fears have no basis in fact
“how much of the story is fact and how much fiction is hard to tell”
Type of:
realism, reality, realness
the state of being actual or real

n a concept whose truth can be proved

“scientific hypotheses are not facts
Type of:
concept, conception, construct
an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances

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