If you can make out, pick out, or distinguish something, you can discern it. This is a word for recognizing and perceiving things.

Discerning has to do with being able to see or hear something. In a loud room, it can be hard to discern one person's voice. If there's not much light, you'll have trouble discerning the words on a page well enough to read. If you have sloppy handwriting, then it's hard to discern what you wrote. When you can discern something, you can tell what it is; you can identify it.

Definitions of discern
  1. verb
    perceive, recognize, or detect with the senses
    synonyms: distinguish, make out, pick out, recognise, recognize, spot, tell apart
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    make clearly visible
  2. verb
    recognize or perceive the difference
    synonyms: discriminate, know apart
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    mark fine distinctions and subtleties, as among words
    type of:
    differentiate, distinguish, secern, secernate, separate, severalise, severalize, tell, tell apart
    mark as different
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