caregiver

Someone who takes care of a very young, elderly, or ill person is called a caregiver. If you make sure your ailing friend eats every day and is relatively comfortable, you are her caregiver.

Being a caregiver is sometimes a paying job — a home health aid and a nurse in a hospital both work as caregivers. When a family member is ill, you may become a temporary caregiver, bringing hot soup and warm blankets. In Britain, this person is called a carer. Both words come from the Old English carian, "to feel concern" and also "to grieve."

Definitions of caregiver
  1. noun
    a person who is responsible for attending to the needs of a child or dependent adult
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    type of:
    adult, grownup
    a fully developed person from maturity onward
  2. noun
    a person who helps in identifying or preventing or treating illness or disability
    synonyms: PCP, health care provider, health professional, primary care provider
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    examples:
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    Abul-Walid Mohammed ibn-Ahmad Ibn-Mohammed ibn-Roshd
    Arabian philosopher born in Spain; wrote detailed commentaries on Aristotle that were admired by the Schoolmen (1126-1198)
    Abu Ali al-Husain ibn Abdallah ibn Sina
    Arabian physician and influential Islamic philosopher; his interpretation of Aristotle influenced St. Thomas Aquinas; writings on medicine were important for almost 500 years (980-1037)
    Robert Barany
    Austrian physician who developed a rotational method for testing the middle ear (1876-1936)
    Caspar Bartholin
    Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585-1629)
    William Beaumont
    United States surgeon remembered for his studies of digestion (1785-1853)
    Sir David Bruce
    Australian physician and bacteriologist who described the bacterium that causes undulant fever or brucellosis (1855-1931)
    Alexis Carrel
    French surgeon and biologist who developed a way to suture and graft blood vessels (1873-1944)
    Edith Louisa Cavell
    English nurse who remained in Brussels after the German occupation in order to help Allied prisoners escape; was caught and executed by the Germans (1865-1915)
    William Cowper
    English surgeon who discovered Cowper's gland (1666-1709)
    Burrill Bernard Crohn
    United States physician who specialized in diseases of the intestines; he was the first to describe regional ileitis which is now known as Crohn's disease (1884-1983)
    Michael Ellis De Bakey
    United States heart surgeon who in 1966 implanted the first artificial heart in a human patient (born in 1908)
    John L. H. Down
    English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828-1896)
    Christiaan Eijkman
    Dutch physician who discovered that beriberi is caused by a nutritional deficiency (1858-1930)
    Etienne-Louis Arthur Fallot
    French physician who described cardiac anomalies including Fallot's tetralogy (1850-1911)
    William Gilbert
    English court physician noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1540-1603)
    William Crawford Gorgas
    United States Army surgeon who suppressed yellow fever in Havana and in the Panama Canal Zone (1854-1920)
    William Harvey
    English physician and scientist who described the circulation of the blood; he later proposed that all animals originate from an ovum produced by the female of the species (1578-1657)
    Hippocrates
    medical practitioner who is regarded as the father of medicine; author of the Hippocratic oath (circa 460-377 BC)
    Thomas Hodgkin
    English physician who first described Hodgkin's disease (1798-1866)
    George Huntington
    United States physician who first described Huntington's chorea
    Aletta Jacobs
    Dutch physician who opened the first birth control clinic in the world in Amsterdam (1854-1929)
    Edward Jenner
    English physician who pioneered vaccination; Jenner inoculated people with small amounts of cowpox to prevent them from getting smallpox (1749-1823)
    Harry Fitch Kleinfelter
    United States physician who first described the XXY-syndrome (born in 1912)
    Joseph Lister
    English surgeon who was the first to use antiseptics (1827-1912)
    Otto Loewi
    United States pharmacologist (born in Germany) who was the first to show that acetylcholine is produced at the junction between a parasympathetic nerve and a muscle (1873-1961)
    Clemence Sophia Harned Lozier
    United States physician who in 1863 founded a medical school for women (1813-1888)
    Sir Patrick Manson
    Scottish physician who discovered that elephantiasis is spread by mosquitos and suggested that mosquitos also spread malaria (1844-1922)
    Friedrich Anton Mesmer
    Austrian physician who tried to treat diseases with a form of hypnotism (1734-1815)
    Florence Nightingale
    English nurse remembered for her work during the Crimean War (1820-1910)
    Theophrastus Philippus Aureolus Bombastus von Hohenheim
    Swiss physician who introduced treatments of particular illnesses based on his observation and experience; he saw illness as having an external cause (rather than an imbalance of humors) and replaced traditional remedies with chemical remedies (1493-1541)
    James Parkinson
    English surgeon (1755-1824)
    Walter Reed
    United States physician who proved that yellow fever is transmitted by mosquitoes (1851-1902)
    Peter Mark Roget
    English physician who in retirement compiled a well-known thesaurus (1779-1869)
    Sir Ronald Ross
    British physician who discovered that mosquitos transmit malaria (1857-1932)
    Benjamin Rush
    physician and American Revolutionary leader; signer of the Declaration of Independence (1745-1813)
    Margaret Higgins Sanger
    United States nurse who campaigned for birth control and planned parenthood; she challenged Gregory Pincus to develop a birth control pill (1883-1966)
    Albert Schweitzer
    French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)
    Anna Howard Shaw
    United States physician and suffragist (1847-1919)
    Sir James Young Simpson
    Scottish obstetrician and surgeon who pioneered in the use of ether and discovered the anesthetic effects of chloroform (1811-1870)
    English Hippocrates
    English physician (1624-1689)
    Erik Adolf von Willebrand
    Finnish physician who first described vascular hemophilia (1870-1949)
    Jean Martin Charcot
    French neurologist who tried to use hypnotism to cure hysteria (1825-1893)
    Harvery Williams Cushing
    United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869-1939)
    Sir Howard Walter Florey
    British pathologist who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1898-1968)
    Sigmund Freud
    Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939)
    Harold Hirschsprung
    Danish pediatrician (1830-1916)
    Karen Danielsen Horney
    United States psychiatrist (1885-1952)
    Karl Theodor Jaspers
    German psychiatrist (1883-1969)
    Baron Richard von Krafft-Ebing
    German neurologist noted for his studies of sexual deviance (1840-1902)
    Karl Landsteiner
    United States pathologist (born in Austria) who discovered human blood groups (1868-1943)
    Prosper Meniere
    French otologist who first described a form of vertigo now known as Meniere's disease and identified the semicircular canals as the site of the lesion (1799-1862)
    Charles Frederick Menninger
    United States psychiatrist who with his sons founded a famous psychiatric clinic in Topeka (1862-1953)
    Karl Augustus Menninger
    United States psychiatrist and son of Charles Menninger (1893-1990)
    William Claire Menninger
    United States psychiatrist and son of Charles Menninger (1899-1966)
    Sir James Paget
    English pathologist who discovered the cause of trichinosis (1814-1899)
    John Rock
    United States gynecologist and devout Catholic who conducted the first clinical trials of the oral contraceptive pill (1890-1984)
    Francis Peyton Rous
    United States pathologist who discovered viruses that cause tumors (1879-1970)
    Hermann Snellen
    Dutch ophthalmologist who introduced the Snellen chart to study visual acuity (1834-1908)
    Benjamin Spock
    United States pediatrician whose many books on child care influenced the upbringing of children around the world (1903-1998)
    Harry Stack Sullivan
    United States psychiatrist (1892-1949)
    Georges Gilles de la Tourette
    French neurologist (1857-1904)
    Henry Hubert Turner
    United States endocrinologist (1892-1970)
    Rudolf Karl Virchow
    German pathologist who recognized that all cells come from cells by binary fission and who emphasized cellular abnormalities in disease (1821-1902)
    Karl Wernicke
    German neurologist best known for his studies of aphasia (1848-1905)
    Thomas Willis
    English physician who was a pioneer in the study of the brain (1621-1675)
    Melanie Klein
    United States psychoanalyst (born in Austria) who was the first to specialize in the psychoanalysis of small children (1882-1960)
    Wilhelm Reich
    Austrian born psychoanalyst who lived in the United States; advocated sexual freedom and believed that cosmic energy could be concentrated in a human being (1897-1957)
    types:
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    bonesetter
    someone (not necessarily a licensed physician) who sets broken bones
    electrologist
    someone skilled in the use of electricity to remove moles or warts or hair roots
    medical assistant
    a person trained to assist medical professionals
    medical man, medical practitioner
    someone who practices medicine
    nurse
    one skilled in caring for young children or the sick (usually under the supervision of a physician)
    apothecary, chemist, druggist, pharmacist, pill pusher, pill roller
    a health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs
    dental practitioner, dentist, tooth doctor
    a person qualified to practice dentistry
    Dr., MD, doc, doctor, medico, physician
    a licensed medical practitioner
    foster-nurse
    a nurse who raises another woman's child as her own
    graduate nurse, trained nurse
    someone who has completed the course of study (including hospital practice) at a nurses training school
    head nurse
    the person in charge of nursing in a medical institution
    inoculator, vaccinator
    a medical practitioner who inoculates people against diseases
    LPN, licensed practical nurse, practical nurse
    a nurse who has enough training to be licensed by a state to provide routine care for the sick
    matron
    a woman in charge of nursing in a medical institution
    medic, medical officer
    a medical practitioner in the armed forces
    accoucheuse, midwife
    a woman skilled in aiding the delivery of babies
    pharmaceutical chemist, pharmacologist
    someone trained in the science of drugs (their composition and uses and effects)
    probationer, student nurse
    a nurse in training who is undergoing a trial period
    RN, registered nurse
    a graduate nurse who has passed examinations for registration
    scrub nurse
    a nurse who helps a surgeon prepare for surgery
    visiting nurse
    a nurse who is paid to visit the sick in their homes
    type of:
    professional, professional person
    a person engaged in one of the learned professions
Word Family