Ecology words 135 words

A vocabulary list of words relating to ecology.
  1. abundance
    the property of a more than adequate quantity or supply
  2. abyssal
    relating to ocean depths from 2000 to 5000 meters
  3. aerial
    characterized by lightness and insubstantiality; as impalpable or intangible as air
  4. alliance
    the state of being allied or confederated
  5. alternative energy
    energy derived from sources that do not use up natural resources or harm the environment
  6. anthropogenic
    of or relating to the study of the origins and development of human beings
  7. arboreal
    resembling a tree in form and branching structure
  8. association
    a formal organization of people or groups of people
  9. benthos
    a region including the bottom of the sea and the littoral zones
  10. bioclimatic
    of or concerned with the relations of climate and living organisms
  11. biodegradable
    capable of being decomposed by e.g. bacteria
  12. biodiversity
    the diversity of plant and animal life in a particular habitat (or in the world as a whole)
  13. biome
    a major biotic community characterized by the dominant forms of plant life and the prevailing climate
  14. bionomics
    the branch of biology concerned with the relations between organisms and their environment
  15. biopiracy
    biological theft; illegal collection of indigenous plants by corporations who patent them for their own use
  16. bioremediation
    the branch of biotechnology that uses biological process to overcome environmental problems
  17. biosphere
    the regions of the surface and atmosphere of the Earth (or other planet) where living organisms exist
  18. bog
    wet spongy ground of decomposing vegetation; has poorer drainage than a swamp; soil is unfit for cultivation but can be cut and dried and used for fuel
  19. boreal
    toward or located in the north
  20. botany
    the branch of biology that studies plants
  21. calcareous
    composed of or containing or resembling calcium carbonate or calcite or chalk
  22. canebrake
    a dense growth of cane (especially giant cane)
  23. canopy
    a covering (usually of cloth) that serves as a roof to shelter an area from the weather
  24. carbon cycle
    the organic circulation of carbon from the atmosphere into organisms and back again
  25. Rachel Carson
    United States biologist remembered for her opposition to the use of pesticides that were hazardous to wildlife (1907-1964)
  26. chaparral
    dense vegetation consisting of stunted trees or bushes
  27. climax
    the highest point of anything conceived of as growing or developing or unfolding
  28. colonize
    settle as a colony; of countries in the developing world
  29. community
    a group of people living in a particular local area
  30. competition
    the act of competing as for profit or a prize
  31. conservancy
    the official conservation of trees and soil and rivers etc.
  32. conservation
    the preservation and careful management of the environment and of natural resources
  33. conservationist
    someone who works to protect the environment from destruction or pollution
  34. cosmopolitan
    composed of people from or at home in many parts of the world; especially not provincial in attitudes or interests
  35. cosmopolite
    a sophisticated person who has travelled in many countries
  36. cover
    provide with a covering or cause to be covered
  37. cryptogamic
    of or relating to a cryptogam
  38. cull
    remove something that has been rejected
  39. cycle
    a periodically repeated sequence of events
  40. deforest
    remove the trees from
  41. desertification
    the gradual transformation of habitable land into desert; is usually caused by climate change or by destructive use of the land
  42. disafforest
    remove the trees from
  43. dispersion
    spreading widely or driving off
  44. doe
    mature female of mammals of which the male is called `buck'
  45. dominance
    the power or right to give orders or make decisions
  46. dominant
    most frequent or common
  47. ecology
    the environment as it relates to living organisms
  48. ecosystem
    a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment
  49. ecoterrorism
    violence carried out to further the political or social objectives of the environmentalists
  50. ecotourism
    tourism to exotic or threatened ecosystems to observe wildlife or to help preserve nature
  51. emergent
    coming into existence
  52. environment
    the totality of surrounding conditions
  53. environmentalist
    someone who works to protect the environment from destruction or pollution
  54. EPA
    an independent federal agency established to coordinate programs aimed at reducing pollution and protecting the environment
  55. eutrophic
    (ecology) of a lake or other body of water rich in nutrients and subject to eutrophication
  56. eutrophication
    excessive nutrients in a lake or other body of water, usually caused by runoff of nutrients (animal waste, fertilizers, sewage) from the land, which causes a dense growth of plant life; the decomposition of the plants depletes the supply of oxygen, leading to the death of animal life
  57. fen
    low-lying wet land with grassy vegetation; usually is a transition zone between land and water
  58. fieldwork
    a temporary fortification built by troops in the field
  59. flush
    rinse, clean, or empty with a liquid
  60. food chain
    (ecology) a community of organisms where each member is eaten in turn by another member
  61. food web
    (ecology) a community of organisms where there are several interrelated food chains
  62. Gaia
    (Greek mythology) goddess of the earth and mother of Cronus and the Titans in ancient mythology
  63. green
    of the color between blue and yellow in the color spectrum; similar to the color of fresh grass
  64. Green
    an environmentalist who belongs to the Green Party
  65. green revolution
    the introduction of pesticides and high-yield grains and better management during the 1960s and 1970s which greatly increased agricultural productivity
  66. guild
    a formal association of people with similar interests
  67. habitat
    the type of environment in which an organism or group normally lives or occurs
  68. halophile
    archaebacteria requiring a salt-rich environment for growth and survival
  69. heath
    a low evergreen shrub of the family Ericaceae; has small bell-shaped pink or purple flowers
  70. hydric
    having or characterized by excessive moisture
  71. indicator
    a device for showing the operating condition of some system
  72. interstitial
    of or relating to interstices
  73. intertidal
    of or relating to the littoral area above the low-tide mark
  74. intolerant
    unwilling to tolerate difference of opinion
  75. lacustrine
    of or relating to or living near lakes
  76. lentic
    of or relating to or living in still waters (as lakes or ponds)
  77. limnology
    the scientific study of bodies of fresh water for their biological and physical and geological properties
  78. litter
    rubbish carelessly dropped or left about (especially in public places)
  79. littoral
    of or relating to a coastal or shore region
  80. lotic
    of or relating to or living in actively moving water
  81. mallee
    any of several low-growing Australian eucalypts
  82. manage
    be in charge of, act on, or dispose of
  83. mangrove
    a tropical tree or shrub bearing fruit that germinates while still on the tree and having numerous prop roots that eventually form an impenetrable mass and are important in land building
  84. mesic
    having or characterized by moderate or a well-balanced supply of moisture
  85. mire
    a soft wet area of low-lying land that sinks underfoot
  86. mobilize
    make ready for action or use
  87. mousse
    a rich, frothy, creamy dessert made with whipped egg whites and heavy cream
  88. John Muir
    United States naturalist (born in England) who advocated the creation of national parks (1838-1914)
  89. national park
    a tract of land declared by the national government to be public property
  90. National Trust
    an organization concerned to preserve historic monuments and buildings and places of historical interest or natural beauty; founded in 1895 and supported by endowment and private subscription
  91. niche
    a small concavity
  92. nitrogen cycle
    the circulation of nitrogen; nitrates from the soil are absorbed by plants which are eaten by animals that die and decay returning the nitrogen back to the soil
  93. nitrogen fixation
    the assimilation of atmospheric nitrogen by soil bacteria and its release for plant use on the death of the bacteria
  94. nuclear winter
    a long period of darkness and extreme cold that scientists predict would follow a full-scale nuclear war; a layer of dust and smoke in the atmosphere would cover the earth and block the rays of the sun; most living organisms would perish
  95. opportunistic
    taking immediate advantage, often unethically, of any circumstance of possible benefit
  96. ordination
    the act of ordaining; the act of conferring (or receiving) holy orders
  97. overturn
    cause to overturn from an upright or normal position
  98. ozone
    a colorless gas (O3) soluble in alkalis and cold water; a strong oxidizing agent; can be produced by electric discharge in oxygen or by the action of ultraviolet radiation on oxygen in the stratosphere (where it acts as a screen for ultraviolet radiation)
  99. ozone hole
    an area of the ozone layer (near the poles) that is seasonally depleted of ozone
  100. ozone layer
    a layer in the stratosphere (at approximately 20 miles) that contains a concentration of ozone sufficient to block most ultraviolet radiation from the sun
  101. ozonosphere
    a layer in the stratosphere (at approximately 20 miles) that contains a concentration of ozone sufficient to block most ultraviolet radiation from the sun
  102. palaeoecology
    the branch of ecology that studies ancient ecology
  103. peat
    partially carbonized vegetable matter saturated with water; can be used as a fuel when dried
  104. pedology
    the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of infants and children
  105. photic
    of or relating to or caused by light
  106. plant
    (botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion
  107. pollute
    make impure
  108. pollution
    undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated with harmful substances as a consequence of human activities
  109. preservationist
    someone who advocates the preservation of historical sites or endangered species or natural areas
  110. productivity
    the quality of being productive or having the power to produce
  111. provincialism
    a lack of sophistication
  112. pyrogenic
    produced by or producing fever
  113. recyclable
    capable of being used again
  114. recycle
    use again after processing
  115. red tide
    seawater that is discolored by large numbers of certain dinoflagellates that produce saxitoxin
  116. rehabilitate
    help to readapt, as to a former state of health or good repute
  117. remediation
    act of correcting an error or a fault or an evil
  118. renewable
    capable of being renewed; replaceable
  119. reserve
    hold back or set aside, especially for future use or contingency
  120. riparian
    of or relating to or located on the banks of a river or stream
  121. sagebrush
    any of several North American composite subshrubs of the genera Artemis or Seriphidium
  122. sanctuary
    a consecrated place where sacred objects are kept
  123. sere
    (used especially of vegetation) having lost all moisture
  124. society
    an extended social group having a distinctive cultural and economic organization
  125. sterilize
    make free from bacteria
  126. sublittoral
    of or relating to the region of the continental shelf (between the seashore and the edge of the continental shelf) or the marine organisms situated there
  127. succession
    acquisition of property by descent or by will
  128. sustainable
    capable of being sustained
  129. timberline
    line marking the upper limit of tree growth in mountains or northern latitudes
  130. tolerance
    willingness to recognize and respect the beliefs or practices of others
  131. tolerant
    showing or characterized by broad-mindedness
  132. trophic
    of or relating to nutrition
  133. unforested
    not covered with forest
  134. virgin forest
    forest or woodland having a mature or overly mature ecosystem more or less uninfluenced by human activity
  135. xeric
    being deficient in moisture