Words to Commemorate the Holocaust

definitions & notes only words
  1. matzah
    brittle flat bread eaten at Passover
  2. Sturmabteilung
    Nazi militia created by Hitler in 1921 that helped him to power but was eclipsed by the SS after 1943
  3. concentration camp
    a penal camp where political prisoners or prisoners of war are confined (usually under harsh conditions)
  4. Hakenkreuz
    the official emblem of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich
  5. antisemitic
    relating to or characterized by anti-Semitism; hating Jews
  6. tallis
    a shawl with a ritually knotted fringe at each corner
  7. preconceive
    conceive beforehand
  8. Nazi
    a German member of Adolf Hitler's political party
  9. extermination
    the act of exterminating
  10. final solution
    the mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime from 1941 until 1945
  11. Second Reich
    the Reich when Hohenzollern monarchs ruled Germany
  12. death camp
    a concentration camp where prisoners are likely to die
  13. centralist
    advocating centralization
  14. ghetto
    a poor densely populated city district
  15. Holocaust
    the mass murder of Jews under the German Nazi regime from 1941 until 1945
  16. concentration
    the spatial property of being crowded together
  17. mitzvah
    (Judaism) a good deed performed out of religious duty
  18. Security Service
    the government agency in the United Kingdom that is responsible for internal security and counterintelligence on British territory
  19. carbon monoxide gas
    an odorless very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon
  20. Reich
    the German state
  21. Auschwitz
    a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in southwestern Poland during World War II
  22. militarize
    lend a military character to (a country), as by building up a military force
  23. displaced person
    a person forced to flee from home or country
  24. B.C.E.
    of the period before the Common Era
  25. POW camp
    a camp for prisoners of war
  26. Nazi Party
    the political party founded in Germany in 1919 and brought to power by Hitler in 1933
  27. Lublin
    an industrial city of eastern Poland
  28. Dachau
    a concentration camp for Jews created by the Nazis near Munich in southern Germany
  29. gas chamber
    instrument of execution consisting of a sealed chamber into which poison gas is introduced; used to kill people or animals
  30. bat mitzvah
    (Judaism) an initiation ceremony marking the 12th birthday of a Jewish girl and signifying the beginning of religious responsibility
  31. Third Reich
    the Nazi dictatorship under Hitler (1933-1945)
  32. Marrano
    (medieval Spain and Portugal) a disparaging term for a Jew who converted to Christianity in order to avoid persecution but continued to practice their religion secretly
  33. cultural movement
    a group of people working together to advance certain cultural goals
  34. nazi
    derogatory term for a person who is fanatically dedicated to, or seeks to control, some activity, practice, etc.
  35. national socialist
    relating to a form of socialism
  36. Jewish
    of or relating to Jews or their culture or religion
  37. Hitler
    German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
  38. incarcerate
    lock up or confine, in or as in a jail
  39. Himmler
    German Nazi who was chief of the SS and the Gestapo and who oversaw the genocide of six million Jews (1900-1945)
  40. Nuremberg
    a city in southeastern Germany
  41. Schutzstaffel
    special police force in Nazi Germany founded as a personal bodyguard for Adolf Hitler in 1925; the SS administered the concentration camps
  42. hydrogen cyanide
    a highly poisonous gas or volatile liquid that smells like bitter almonds; becomes a gas at around 90 degree Fahrenheit and is most dangerous when inhaled; the anhydride of hydrocyanic acid; used in manufacturing
  43. camp
    temporary lodgings in the country for travelers
  44. Gestapo
    the secret state police in Nazi Germany
  45. six-pointed
    having six points
  46. Tallis
    English organist and composer of church and secular music
  47. Friedrich Engels
    socialist who wrote the Communist Manifesto with Karl Marx in 1848 (1820-1895)
  48. religious holiday
    a day specified for religious observance
  49. Goering
    German politician in Nazi Germany who founded the Gestapo and mobilized Germany for war (1893-1946)
  50. prayer shawl
    a shawl with a ritually knotted fringe at each corner
  51. beer hall
    a hall or barroom featuring beer and (usually) entertainment
  52. word meaning
    the accepted meaning of a word
  53. administrative unit
    a unit with administrative responsibilities
  54. dehumanization
    the act of degrading people with respect to their best qualities
  55. labor camp
    a penal institution for political prisoners who are used as forced labor
  56. also known as
    as known or named at another time or place
  57. antisemitism
    the intense dislike for and prejudice against Jewish people
  58. elite group
    a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status
  59. lebensraum
    space sought for occupation by a nation
  60. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics
    a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia; established in 1922; included Russia and 14 other soviet socialist republics (Ukraine and Byelorussia and others); officially dissolved 31 December 1991
  61. prayerbook
    a book containing prayers
  62. homophobia
    prejudice against homosexual people and homosexuality
  63. political prisoner
    someone who is imprisoned because of their political views
  64. cattle car
    a freight car for transporting cattle
  65. institutionalized
    given the character of an institution or incorporated into a structured and usually well-established system
  66. baht
    the basic unit of money in Thailand
  67. deportation
    the act of expelling a person from their native land
  68. Warsaw
    the capital and largest city of Poland
  69. militarized
    issued military arms
  70. euphemism
    an inoffensive expression substituted for an offensive one
  71. Star of David
    a six-pointed star formed from two equilateral triangles
  72. Krakow
    an industrial city in southern Poland on the Vistula
  73. Communist Manifesto
    a socialist manifesto written by Marx and Engels (1842) describing the history of the working-class movement according to their views
  74. Darwinism
    a theory of organic evolution claiming that new species arise and are perpetuated by natural selection
  75. Poland
    a republic in central Europe
  76. enabling act
    a provision in a law that confers on appropriate officials the power to implement or enforce the law
  77. Romani
    of or relating to the Gypsies or their language or culture
  78. euthanasia
    the act of killing someone painlessly
  79. Belsen
    a Nazi concentration camp for Jews created in northwestern Germany during World War II
  80. floor show
    a series of acts at a night club
  81. Lodz
    a large city of central Poland
  82. displace
    cause to move, usually with force or pressure
  83. systematize
    arrange according to a system or reduce to a system
  84. Weimar Republic
    the German republic founded at Weimar in 1919
  85. Diaspora
    the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel
  86. non-Jew
    a Christian as contrasted with a Jew
  87. German
    of or pertaining to or characteristic of Germany or its people or language
  88. survival of the fittest
    a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment
  89. Second World War
    a war between the Allies and the Axis from 1939 to 1945
  90. pogrom
    organized persecution of an ethnic group, especially Jews
  91. World War I
    a war between the allies (Russia, France, British Empire, Italy, United States, Japan, Rumania, Serbia, Belgium, Greece, Portugal, Montenegro) and the Central Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Bulgaria) from 1914 to 1918
  92. living space
    space sought for occupation by a nation whose population is expanding
  93. Germany
    a republic in central Europe
  94. gypsy
    a laborer who moves from place to place as demanded by employment
  95. dismantle
    take off or remove
  96. Yiddish
    a dialect of High German including some Hebrew and other words; spoken in Europe as a vernacular by many Jews; written in the Hebrew script
  97. incorporate
    make into a whole or make part of a whole
  98. murderously
    as if bent on murder
  99. Buchenwald
    a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in World War II that was located in central Germany
  100. instructional
    of or relating to or used in instruction
  101. persecute
    cause to suffer
  102. buna
    made by polymerizing butadiene
  103. Madagascar
    a republic on the island of Madagascar
  104. societal
    relating to people in general
  105. liberate
    grant freedom to; free from confinement
  106. USSR
    a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia; established in 1922; included Russia and 14 other soviet socialist republics (Ukraine and Byelorussia and others); officially dissolved 31 December 1991
  107. unleavened bread
    brittle flat bread eaten at Passover
  108. German-speaking
    able to communicate in German
  109. storm trooper
    a member of the Nazi SA
  110. commemorate
    call to remembrance
  111. preconceived idea
    an opinion formed beforehand without adequate evidence
  112. house of prayer
    any building where congregations gather for prayer
  113. Vilna
    the capital and largest city of Lithuania
  114. world war
    a war in which the major nations of the world are involved
  115. militaristic
    imbued with militarism
  116. Spanish Inquisition
    an inquisition initiated in 1478 by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella that guarded the orthodoxy of Catholicism in Spain (especially from the 15th to the 17th centuries)
  117. search engine
    a computer program that retrieves documents or files or data from a database or from a computer network (especially from the internet)
  118. Latvian
    of or relating to or characteristic of Latvia or its people or language
  119. unsanitary
    not sanitary or healthful
  120. mistreatment
    the practice of regarding (someone or something) badly
  121. lah
    the syllable naming the sixth (submediant) note of a major or minor scale in solmization
  122. omnipresence
    the state of being everywhere at once
  123. Engels
    socialist who wrote the Communist Manifesto with Karl Marx in 1848 (1820-1895)
  124. Judaism
    the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
  125. Ukrainian
    of or relating to or characteristic of Ukraine or its people or culture
  126. blitzkrieg
    a military offensive with intensive aerial bombardment
  127. desecrate
    violate the sacred character of a place or language
  128. January 20
    the day designated for inauguration of the United States President
  129. synagogue
    the place of worship for a Jewish congregation
  130. prisoner
    a person who is confined; especially a prisoner of war
  131. putsch
    a sudden change of government illegally or by force
  132. regime
    the governing authority of a political unit
  133. established
    brought about or set up or accepted
  134. monotheistic
    believing that there is only one god
  135. police state
    a country that maintains repressive control over the people by means of police (especially secret police)
  136. Adolf Hitler
    German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945)
  137. sexual relationship
    a relationship involving sexual intimacy
  138. resettlement
    the transportation of people to a new settlement
  139. Hindenburg
    German field marshal and statesman
  140. displacement
    to move something from its natural environment
  141. assimilation
    the process of absorbing one cultural group into another
  142. unleavened
    made without leavening
  143. propaganda
    information that is spread to promote some cause
  144. congregational
    relating to or conducted or participated in by a congregation
  145. technologically
    by means of technology
  146. film director
    the person who directs the making of a film
  147. POW
    a person who surrenders to the enemy in time of war
  148. indoctrination
    teaching someone to accept beliefs uncritically
  149. Estonian
    of or pertaining to Estonia or the people or culture of Estonia
  150. hin
    ancient Hebrew unit of liquid measure = 1.5 gallons
  151. dance floor
    a bare floor polished for dancing
  152. Minsk
    the capital of Belarus and of the Commonwealth of Independent States
  153. killing
    the act of terminating a life
  154. Holy Roman Empire
    a political entity in Europe that began with the papal coronation of Otto I as the first emperor in 962 and lasted until 1806 when it was dissolved by Napoleon
  155. Secretary General
    a person who is a chief administrator
  156. Treaty of Versailles
    the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
  157. poison gas
    a gas that is poisonous to breath or contact
  158. locate
    determine the place of by searching or examining
  159. deport
    expel from a country
  160. racial
    of or related to genetically distinguished groups of people
  161. acronym
    a word formed from the initial letters of several words
  162. homosexual
    having a sexual attraction to persons of the same sex
  163. carbon monoxide
    an odorless very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon
  164. house of worship
    any building where congregations gather for prayer
  165. government department
    a department of government
  166. symbolize
    express indirectly by an image, form, or model
  167. rise to power
    the act of attaining or gaining access to a new office or right or position (especially the throne)
  168. dismantled
    torn down and broken up
  169. Zionism
    a policy for establishing and developing a national homeland for Jews in Palestine
  170. revisionist
    a Communist who tries to rewrite Marxism to justify a retreat from the revolutionary position
  171. liberated
    free from traditional social restraints
  172. security system
    an electrical device that sets off an alarm when someone tries to break in
  173. Salonika
    a port city in northeastern Greece on an inlet of the Aegean Sea; second largest city of Greece
  174. swastika
    the official emblem of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich
  175. dah
    the longer of the two telegraphic signals used in Morse code
  176. Eichmann
    Austrian who became the Nazi official who administered the concentration camps where millions of Jews were murdered during World War II (1906-1962)
  177. monoxide
    an oxide containing just one atom of oxygen in the molecule
  178. establish
    set up or found
  179. overcrowd
    cause to crowd together too much
  180. Enlightenment
    a movement in Europe from about 1650 until 1800 that advocated the use of reason and individualism instead of tradition and established doctrine
  181. hart
    a male deer, especially an adult male red deer
  182. incorporated
    formed or united into a whole
  183. Torah
    the first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit
  184. handicapped
    incapable of functioning as a consequence of injury or illness
  185. execute
    put in effect
  186. transit
    a journey usually by ship
  187. intelligence service
    a unit responsible for gathering and interpreting information about an enemy
  188. Host
    a technical name for the bread used in the service of Mass or Holy Communion
  189. basic principle
    principles from which other truths can be derived
  190. 1930s
    the decade from 1930 to 1939
  191. Great Depression
    the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and continuing through the 1930s
  192. cultural
    relating to the shared knowledge and values of a society
  193. collaboration
    act of working jointly
  194. moo
    make a low noise, characteristic of bovines
  195. systematic
    characterized by order and planning
  196. cremation
    the incineration of a dead body
  197. malnutrition
    a state of poor nourishment
  198. Europe
    the 2nd smallest continent
  199. Riga
    a port city on the Gulf of Riga that is the capital and largest city of Latvia; formerly a member of the Hanseatic League
  200. uprise
    move upward
  201. war criminal
    an offender who violates international law during times of war
  202. Bavarian
    of or relating to or characteristic of Bavaria or its people
  203. ley
    a field covered with grass or herbage and suitable for grazing by livestock
  204. social organization
    the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships
  205. Nazi Germany
    the Nazi dictatorship under Hitler (1933-1945)
  206. brutally
    in a vicious manner
  207. U.S. Congress
    the legislature of the United States government
  208. signatory
    one who writes his or her name on and is bound by a document
  209. approximately
    imprecise but fairly close to correct
  210. Barbarossa
    Holy Roman Emperor from 1152 to 1190
  211. unstable
    subject to change; variable
  212. freight train
    a railroad train consisting of freight cars
  213. nationalism
    the doctrine that your country's interests are superior
  214. starvation
    the act of depriving of food or subjecting to famine
  215. Karl Marx
    founder of modern communism
  216. ideological
    of an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group
  217. recurring
    coming back
  218. cyanide
    any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical -CN
  219. eastern
    lying toward or situated in the east
  220. thirty-second
    one part in thirty-two equal parts
  221. nationalistic
    fanatically patriotic
  222. Aryan
    a member of the prehistoric people who spoke Proto-Indo European
  223. Jewry
    Jews collectively
  224. Hess
    Nazi leader who in 1941 flew a solo flight to Scotland in an apparent attempt to negotiate a peace treaty with Great Britain but was imprisoned for life (1894-1987)
  225. racially
    with respect to race
  226. Kiev
    capital and largest city of the Ukraine
  227. Goebbels
    German propaganda minister in Nazi Germany who persecuted the Jews (1897-1945)
  228. mistakenly
    in a mistaken manner
  229. Contra
    a member of the guerrilla force that opposed a left-wing government in Nicaragua
  230. political
    involving or characteristic of governing or social power
  231. guinea pig
    stout-bodied nearly tailless domesticated cavy
  232. mentally
    in your mind
  233. genocide
    systematic killing of a racial or cultural group
  234. occupier
    someone who lives at a particular place for a long period
  235. commemorating
    intended as a commemoration
  236. glossary
    an alphabetical list of technical terms in a field
  237. gas
    state of matter distinguished from solid and liquid states
  238. socialist
    advocating the state ownership of industry
  239. Czechoslovakia
    a former republic in central Europe
  240. meaning
    the message that is intended or expressed or signified
  241. biased
    favoring one person or side over another
  242. Hebrew
    of or relating to or characteristic of the Hebrews
  243. survival
    process resulting in the evolution of best adapted organisms
  244. kill
    cause to die
  245. integrate
    make into a whole or make part of a whole
  246. pesticide
    a chemical used to kill destructive insects or animals
  247. impractical
    not workable
  248. used
    previously owned by another
  249. unmarked
    not having an identifying mark
  250. Romania
    a republic in southeastern Europe with a short coastline on the Black Sea
  251. expanded
    increased in extent or size or bulk or scope
  252. Knesset
    the Israeli unicameral parliament
  253. allegation
    a formal accusation against somebody
  254. cantor
    the official of a synagogue who conducts the liturgical part of the service and sings or chants the prayers intended to be performed as solos
  255. inmate
    a resident of a dwelling or institution
  256. orphanage
    an institution for the care of children without parents
  257. Bolshevism
    Soviet communism
  258. center
    an area that is in the middle of some larger region
  259. based
    having a base
  260. typhus
    rickettsial disease transmitted by body lice and characterized by skin rash and high fever
  261. expeditionary
    designed for military operations abroad
  262. Lithuanian
    of or relating to or characteristic of Lithuania or its people or language
  263. term
    a limited period of time
  264. preconceived
    formed beforehand
  265. reparation
    something done or paid in expiation of a wrong
  266. Eucharist
    a Christian sacrament commemorating the Last Supper by consecrating bread and wine
  267. authoritarian
    characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule
  268. unit
    a single undivided whole
  269. nee
    (meaning literally `born') used to indicate the maiden or family name of a married woman
  270. looted
    wrongfully emptied or stripped of anything of value
  271. southeast
    the compass point midway between south and east
  272. plat
    a map showing planned or actual features of an area
  273. war
    the waging of armed conflict against an enemy
  274. Passover
    (Judaism) a Jewish festival (traditionally 8 days from Nissan 15) celebrating the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt
  275. concept
    an abstract or general idea inferred from specific instances
  276. Slovakia
    a landlocked republic in central Europe
  277. Nebuchadnezzar
    (Old Testament) king of Chaldea who captured and destroyed Jerusalem and exiled the Israelites to Babylonia (630?-562 BC)
  278. elite
    a group or class of persons enjoying superior status
  279. medieval
    relating to or belonging to the Middle Ages
  280. partisan
    a fervent and even militant proponent of something
  281. include
    have as a part, be made up out of
  282. catastrophic
    extremely harmful; bringing physical or financial ruin
  283. party
    occasion on which people can assemble for social interaction
  284. compulsory
    required by rule
  285. 1940s
    the decade from 1940 to 1949
  286. rightfully
    by right
  287. located
    situated in a particular spot or position
  288. nomadic
  289. Talmud
    the collection of ancient rabbinic writings on Jewish law and tradition (the Mishna and the Gemara) that constitute the basis of religious authority in Orthodox Judaism
  290. executed
    put to death as punishment
  291. unclear
    poorly stated or described
  292. restricting
    restricting the scope or freedom of action
  293. scapegoat
    someone who is punished for the errors of others
  294. defense force
    an organization of defenders that provides resistance against attack
  295. peace treaty
    a treaty to cease hostilities
  296. solution
    a homogeneous mixture of two or more substances
  297. police
    the force of policemen and officers
  298. emigrate
    leave one's country of residence for a new one
  299. lieutenant colonel
    a commissioned officer in the United States Army or Air Force or Marines holding a rank above major and below colonel
  300. political party
    an organization to gain political power
  301. punishable
    liable to or deserving punishment
  302. Croatia
    a republic in the western Balkans in south-central Europe in the eastern Adriatic coastal area; formerly part of the Habsburg monarchy and Yugoslavia; became independent in 1991
  303. militarism
    maintaining a strong force of armed services
  304. dispersion
    spreading widely or driving off
  305. exterminate
    kill on a large scale
  306. sanitation
    the state of being clean and conducive to health
  307. espouse
    choose and follow
  308. web site
    a computer connected to the internet that maintains a series of web pages on the World Wide Web
  309. cabaret
    a spot that is open late at night and that provides entertainment (as singers or dancers) as well as dancing and food and drink
  310. Mendelssohn
    German musician and romantic composer of orchestral and choral works (1809-1847)
  311. handicap
    being unable to perform due to physical or mental unfitness
  312. dictatorial
    characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule
  313. stereotype
    a conventional or formulaic conception or image
  314. persecution
    causing someone to suffer
  315. secret police
    a police force that operates in secrecy
  316. auxiliary
    furnishing added support
  317. mold
    the distinctive form in which a thing is made
  318. affiliated
    being joined in close association
  319. hearsay
    gossip passed around by word of mouth
  320. Laws
    the first of three divisions of the Hebrew Scriptures comprising the first five books of the Hebrew Bible considered as a unit
  321. opened
    not sealed or having been unsealed
  322. generalization
    the process of abstracting common properties of instances
  323. Olympia
    a plain in Greece in the northwestern Peloponnese
  324. Weimar
    a German city near Leipzig
  325. affiliate
    join in a social or business relationship
  326. barbed wire
    strong wire with barbs at regular intervals used to prevent passage
  327. European nation
    any one of the countries occupying the European continent
  328. raze
    tear down so as to make flat with the ground
  329. come of age
    reach a certain age that marks a transition to maturity
  330. perpetrator
    someone who commits wrongdoing
  331. Bergen
    a port city in southwestern Norway
  332. supervised
    under observation or under the direction of a superintendent or overseer
  333. supervise
    watch and direct
  334. base
    lowest support of a structure
  335. congregation
    the act of assembling
  336. ownership
    the state of being in possession of something
  337. Socialist Party
    a political party in the United States formed in 1900 to advocate socialism
  338. fen
    low-lying wet land with grassy vegetation
  339. fascism
    a political theory advocating an authoritarian government
  340. precursor
    something indicating the approach of something or someone
  341. virulent
    extremely poisonous or injurious; producing venom
  342. white paper
    a government report; bound in white
  343. collective
    done by or characteristic of individuals acting together
  344. bibliography
    a list of writings with time and place of publication
  345. November
    the month following October and preceding December
  346. refer
    make a remark that calls attention to
  347. racist
    a person with a belief in the superiority of one people
  348. psychiatric
    relating to the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
  349. uniformed
    dressed in a uniform
  350. Silesia
    a region of central Europe rich in deposits of coal and iron ore; annexed by Prussia in 1742 but now largely in Poland
  351. protectorate
    a state or territory partly controlled by a stronger state
  352. norm
    a standard or model or pattern regarded as typical
  353. unloaded
    (of weapons) not charged with ammunition
  354. field marshal
    an officer holding the highest rank in the army
  355. recur
    happen or occur again
  356. World War II
    a war between the Allies and the Axis from 1939 to 1945
  357. racism
    the prejudice that one people are superior to another
  358. work force
    the force of workers available
  359. murdered
    killed unlawfully
  360. included
    enclosed in the same envelope or package
  361. discrimination
    unfair treatment of a person or group based on prejudice
  362. raid
    a sudden short attack
  363. marital
    of or relating to the state of marriage
  364. fringe
    an ornamental border of short lengths of hanging threads
  365. create
    bring into existence
  366. liberation
    the act of freeing someone or something
  367. relentlessly
    in a relentless manner
  368. territory
    a region marked off for administrative or other purposes
  369. ritual
    the prescribed procedure for conducting religious ceremonies
  370. victim
    an unfortunate person who suffers from adverse circumstances
  371. date back
    belong to an earlier time
  372. sixteenth
    position 16 in a countable series of things
  373. Allied
    of or relating to or denoting the Allies in World War I
  374. Night
    Roman goddess of night
  375. civil right
    right belonging to a person by reason of citizenship
  376. coordinate
    of equal importance, rank, or degree
  377. be active
    be in a state of action
  378. lyric
    of or relating to poetry that expresses emotion
  379. derive
    come from
  380. occupy
    live in
  381. emotionally
    in an emotional manner
  382. destroy
    do away with, cause the undoing of
  383. intolerance
    unwillingness to respect differences in opinions or beliefs
  384. Budapest
    capital and largest city of Hungary
  385. force
    the influence that produces a change in a physical quantity
  386. Hungarian
    relating to or characteristic of Hungary
  387. labor
    any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted
  388. participating
    taking part in an activity
  389. group
    any number of entities (members) considered as a unit
  390. sacked
    having been robbed and destroyed by force and violence
  391. defining
    the process of determining the form or meaning of something
  392. Palestine
    an ancient country in southwestern Asia on the east coast of the Mediterranean Sea; a place of pilgrimage for Christianity and Islam and Judaism
  393. occupied
    held or filled or in use
  394. tribunal
    an assembly to conduct judicial business
  395. destruction
    an event that completely ruins something
  396. communism
    a theory favoring collectivism in a classless society
  397. final
    an examination administered at the end of an academic term
  398. quiz
    an examination consisting of a few short questions
  399. squad
    a smallest army unit
  400. massacre
    the savage and excessive killing of many people
  401. pseudo
    not genuine but having the appearance of
  402. Stalin
    Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953)
  403. membership
    the state of being one of the persons in a social group
  404. guerrilla
    a member of an irregular army that fights a stronger force
  405. International
    any of several international socialist organizations
  406. gen
    informal term for information
  407. expand
    extend in one or more directions
  408. idiom
    expression whose meaning cannot be inferred from its words
  409. throughout
    from first to last
  410. rabbi
    spiritual leader of a Jewish congregation
  411. Roman Empire
    an empire established by Augustus in 27 BC and divided in AD 395 into the Western Roman Empire and the eastern or Byzantine Empire; at its peak lands in Europe and Africa and Asia were ruled by ancient Rome
  412. spiritually
    in a spiritual manner
  413. sign in
    announce one's arrival, e.g. at hotels or airports
  414. unofficial
    not having official authority or sanction
  415. Babylonia
    an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia
  416. ideology
    an orientation that characterizes the thinking of a group
  417. integrated
    formed or united into a whole
  418. boo
    show displeasure, as after a performance or speech
  419. security
    the state of being free from danger or injury
  420. combine
    put or add together
  421. oppression
    the act of subjugating by cruelty
  422. chamber
    a natural or artificial enclosed space
  423. right-wing
    believing in or supporting tenets of the political right
  424. conditions
    the context that influences the performance of a process
  425. Polish
    of or relating to Poland or its people or culture
  426. predominant
    having superior power and influence
  427. mainstream
    the prevailing current of thought
  428. policy
    a plan of action adopted by an individual or social group
  429. detachment
    lack of emotion or interest
  430. holiday
    leisure time away from work devoted to rest or pleasure
  431. underground
    beneath the surface of the earth
  432. social
    living together or enjoying life in communities
  433. Hungary
    a republic in central Europe
  434. long distance
    a telephone call made outside the local calling area
  435. undesirable
    not wanted
  436. organized
    methodical and efficient in arrangement or function
  437. upheaval
    a violent disturbance
  438. Hermann
    German hero
  439. deliberate
    carefully thought out in advance
  440. non
    negation of a word or group of words
  441. systematically
    in a consistent manner
  442. annexation
    incorporation by joining or uniting
  443. mean
    denote or connote
  444. irrational
    not consistent with or using reason
  445. January
    the first month of the year
  446. in theory
    with regard to fundamentals although not concerning details
  447. historically
    throughout the past
  448. Empire
    an eating apple that somewhat resembles a McIntosh
  449. League of Nations
    an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations; although suggested by Woodrow Wilson, the United States never joined and it remained powerless; it was dissolved in 1946 after the United Nations was formed
  450. Axis
    in World War II the alliance of Germany and Italy in 1936 which later included Japan and other nations
  451. chanted
    sung or uttered rhythmically in a monotone
  452. Jew
    member of a community whose traditional religion is Judaism
  453. initially
    at the beginning
  454. Death
    the personification of death
  455. Berlin
    capital of Germany located in eastern Germany
  456. limiting
    restricting the scope or freedom of action
  457. assassinated
    murdered by surprise attack for political reasons
  458. republic
    a form of government whose head of state is not a monarch
  459. designation
    the act of identifying something
  460. technique
    a practical method or art applied to some particular task
  461. tactic
    a plan for attaining a particular goal
  462. regulating
    the act of controlling or directing according to rule
  463. state
    the way something is with respect to its main attributes
  464. impetus
    a force that moves something along
  465. web
    an intricate network suggesting something that was formed by weaving or interweaving
  466. treaty
    a written agreement between two states or sovereigns
  467. undermine
    destroy property or hinder normal operations
  468. pole
    a long (usually round) rod of wood or metal or plastic
  469. bat
    a club used for hitting a ball in various games
  470. bystander
    a nonparticipant spectator
  471. disarmament
    act of reducing or depriving of arms
  472. manifesto
    a public declaration of intentions
  473. barbed
    having or covered with protective quills, spines, or thorns
  474. announce
    make known
  475. functionary
    a worker who holds or is invested with an office
  476. refugee
    an exile who flees for safety
  477. people
    any group of human beings collectively
  478. operation
    process or manner of functioning
  479. commit suicide
    kill oneself
  480. Marxist
    advocate of the economic and political theories of Karl Marx
  481. cede
    give over
  482. detention
    a state of being confined (usually for a short time)
  483. zoo
    the facility where wild animals are housed for exhibition
  484. Inquisition
    a former tribunal of the Roman Catholic Church (1232-1820) created to discover and suppress heresy
  485. defile
    make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air
  486. sen
    a fractional monetary unit of Japan and Indonesia and Cambodia; equal to one hundredth of a yen or rupiah or riel
  487. Netherlands
    a constitutional monarchy in western Europe on the North Sea
  488. Eisenhower
    United States general who supervised the invasion of Normandy and the defeat of Nazi Germany; 34th President of the United States (1890-1961)
  489. dig up
    find by digging in the ground
  490. Soviet Union
    a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia; established in 1922; included Russia and 14 other soviet socialist republics (Ukraine and Byelorussia and others); officially dissolved 31 December 1991
  491. Opposition
    the major political party opposed to the party in office and prepared to replace it if elected
  492. closed in
    blocked against entry
  493. Bolshevik
    a Russian member of the left-wing majority group that followed Lenin and eventually became the Russian communist party
  494. northwestern
    situated in or oriented toward the northwest
  495. leader
    a person who rules or guides or inspires others
  496. supposedly
    believed or reputed to be the case
  497. general
    applying to all or most members of a category or group
  498. devouring
    (often followed by `for') ardently or excessively desirous
  499. elements
    violent or severe weather
  500. purge
    rid of impurities
  501. facilitate
    make easier
  502. April
    the month following March and preceding May
  503. burned
    destroyed or badly damaged by fire
  504. Bohemia
    a historical area and former kingdom in the Czech Republic
  505. memorial
    a recognition of meritorious service
  506. bread
    food made from dough of flour or meal and usually raised with yeast or baking powder and then baked
  507. Marx
    founder of modern communism
  508. world
    the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on
  509. armored
    equipped with the complete arms and armor of a warrior
  510. prosecute
    conduct legal proceedings against a defendant
  511. enabling
    providing legal power or sanction
  512. uprising
    organized opposition to authority
  513. Chancellor
    the British cabinet minister responsible for finance
  514. scroll
    a document that can be rolled up (as for storage)
  515. European
    of or relating to or characteristic of Europe
  516. theory
    a belief that can guide behavior
  517. designate
    design or destine
  518. Czech
    of or relating to Czechoslovakia or its people or their language
  519. Bavaria
    a state in southern Germany famous for its beer
  520. theoretical
    concerned with hypotheses and not practical considerations
  521. generate
    bring into existence
  522. empire
    the domain ruled by an emperor or empress
  523. extant
    still in existence; not extinct or destroyed or lost
  524. contraction
    the act of decreasing in size or volume or quantity or scope
  525. operate
    perform as expected when applied
  526. physician
    a licensed medical practitioner
  527. pass by
    move past
  528. riot
    a state of disorder involving group violence
  529. den
    the habitation of wild animals
  530. population
    the people who inhabit a territory or state
  531. twenty-eight
    the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty-seven and one
  532. erect
    upright in position or posture
  533. aspire
    have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal
  534. anti
    not in favor of (an action or proposal etc.)
  535. major
    greater in scope or effect
  536. community
    a group of people living in a particular local area
  537. continuously
    at every point
  538. Moses
    (Old Testament) the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus; Moses received the Ten Commandments from God on Mount Sinai
  539. degenerate
    a person whose behavior deviates from what is acceptable
  540. dramatically
    with respect to dramatic value
  541. ain
    belonging to or on behalf of a specified person
  542. raw material
    material suitable for manufacture or use or finishing
  543. capitalism
    an economic system based on private ownership of assets
  544. known
    apprehended with certainty
  545. divide
    a serious disagreement between two groups of people
  546. third
    one of three equal parts of a divisible whole
  547. swine
    stout-bodied short-legged omnivorous animals
  548. chancellor
    the person who is head of state (in several countries)
  549. experiment
    the act of conducting a controlled test or investigation
  550. Jehovah
    terms referring to the Judeo-Christian God
  551. basic
    reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible
  552. staged
    deliberately arranged for effect
  553. die
    lose all bodily functions necessary to sustain life
  554. educator
    someone who educates young people
  555. Red Cross
    an international organization that cares for the sick or wounded or homeless in wartime
  556. Depression
    a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment
  557. government
    the system or form by which a community is ruled
  558. blood
    the fluid that is pumped through the body by the heart
  559. later
    happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  560. rye
    hardy annual cereal grass widely cultivated in northern Europe where its grain is the chief ingredient of black bread and in North America for forage and soil improvement
  561. biblical
    of or pertaining to or contained in or in accordance with the Bible
  562. loot
    goods or money obtained illegally
  563. Hamburg
    a port city in northern Germany on the Elbe River that was founded by Charlemagne in the 9th century and is today the largest port in Germany; in 1241 it formed an alliance with Lubeck that became the basis for the Hanseatic League
  564. Rabbi
    a Hebrew title of respect for a Jewish scholar or teacher
  565. classified
    arranged into classes
  566. framework
    the underlying structure
  567. Bulgaria
    a republic in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe
  568. destroyed
    spoiled or ruined or demolished
  569. barb
    a point facing the main point making an arrowhead or spear
  570. software
    written programs operating on a computer system
  571. late
    at or toward an end or late period or stage of development
  572. Joseph
    husband of Mary and the foster father of Jesus
  573. forced
    forced or compelled
  574. Russian
    of or pertaining to or characteristic of Russia or its people or culture or language
  575. outlined
    showing clearly the outline or profile or boundary
  576. underlying
    being or involving basic facts or principles
  577. libel
    a false and malicious publication
  578. loaded
    filled with a great quantity
  579. Israel
    an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Saul around 1025 BC and destroyed by the Assyrians in 721 BC
  580. control
    power to direct or determine
  581. unload
    leave or discharge
  582. October
    the month following September and preceding November
  583. Mobile
    a port in southwestern Alabama on Mobile Bay
  584. Old Testament
    the collection of books comprising the sacred scripture of the Hebrews and recording their history as the chosen people; the first half of the Christian Bible
  585. armed forces
    the military forces of a nation
  586. advocate
    a person who pleads for a person, cause, or idea
  587. fascist
    an adherent of right-wing authoritarian views
  588. distorted
    so badly formed or out of shape as to be ugly
  589. murderous
    characteristic of or capable of or having a tendency toward killing another human being
  590. citizenship
    membership in a state with rights and duties
  591. code
    a set of rules or principles or laws
  592. consider
    think about carefully; weigh
  593. mass
    the property of a body that causes it to have weight
  594. mainly
    for the most part
  595. Florida
    a state in southeastern United States between the Atlantic and the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War
  596. main
    most important element
  597. law
    the collection of rules imposed by authority
  598. migration
    the movement of persons from one locality to another
  599. gentile
    a Christian as contrasted with a Jew
  600. guiding
    showing the way by conducting or leading
  601. hydrogen
    a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  602. eliminate
    end, take out, or do away with
  603. provide
    give something useful or necessary to
  604. beer
    an alcoholic beverage made by fermenting a cereal with hops
  605. open
    affording free passage or access
  606. jail
    a correctional institution used to detain persons who are in the lawful custody of the government (either accused persons awaiting trial or convicted persons serving a sentence)
  607. armament
    weaponry used by military or naval force
  608. subsidiary
    functioning in a supporting capacity
  609. pertain
    be relevant to
  610. Munich
    the capital and largest city of Bavaria in southwestern Germany
  611. morally
    in a moral manner
  612. Austria
    a mountainous republic in central Europe
  613. Great Britain
    a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; `Great Britain' is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom
  614. derived
    formed or developed from something else; not original
  615. organization
    an ordered manner
  616. dissolve
    pass into a solution
  617. counterpart
    a person or thing having the same function as another
  618. oppressive
    weighing heavily on the senses or spirit
  619. northwest
    the direction corresponding to the northwestward compass point
  620. revolt
    rise up against an authority
  621. conference
    a prearranged meeting for consultation or discussion
  622. originally
    with reference to the origin or beginning
  623. bias
    a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue
  624. participate
    be involved in
  625. sentence
    a string of words satisfying grammatical rules of a language
  626. insufficient
    of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement
  627. death
    the permanent end of all life functions in an organism
  628. classify
    arrange or order by categories
  629. worldwide
    spanning or extending throughout the entire world
  630. thirteenth
    position 13 in a countable series of things
  631. pact
    a written agreement between two states or sovereigns
  632. considered
    carefully weighed
  633. personal
    concerning an individual or his or her private life
  634. involuntarily
    against your will
  635. person
    a human being
  636. inherent
    existing as an essential constituent or characteristic
  637. denote
    have as a meaning
  638. Frank
    a member of the ancient Germanic peoples who spread from the Rhine into the Roman Empire in the 4th century
  639. symbol
    something visible that represents something invisible
  640. bondage
    the state of being under the control of another person
  641. tag
    a small piece of cloth or paper
  642. Service
    Canadian writer who wrote about life in the Yukon Territory
  643. prison
    a correctional institution where persons are confined while on trial or for punishment
  644. twenty-two
    the cardinal number that is the sum of twenty-one and one
  645. appointed
    selected for a job
  646. democracy
    the orientation of those who favor government by the people
  647. Chamberlain
    British statesman who as Prime Minister pursued a policy of appeasement toward fascist Germany (1869-1940)
  648. this night
    during the night of the present day
  649. negotiate
    discuss the terms of an arrangement
  650. priority
    status established in order of importance or urgency
  651. 500
    the cardinal number that is the product of one hundred and five
  652. exclude
    prevent from entering; shut out
  653. exhaustion
    extreme fatigue
  654. element
    a substance that cannot be separated into simpler substances
  655. condition
    a mode of being or form of existence of a person or thing
  656. carry out
    put in effect
  657. transfer
    move from one place to another
  658. regulate
    bring into conformity with rules or principles or usage
  659. immigration
    movement of persons into a place
  660. require
    have need of
  661. alternately
    in an alternating sequence or position
  662. revive
    cause to regain consciousness
  663. underlie
    be underneath
  664. exempt
    freed from or not subject to an obligation or liability
  665. outside
    the region that is outside of something
  666. distort
    twist and press out of shape
  667. ally
    a friendly nation
  668. smashed
    very drunk
  669. eventually
    after an unspecified period of time or a long delay
  670. national
    of or relating to or belonging to a country
  671. take place
    come to pass
  672. Soviet
    of or relating to or characteristic of the former Soviet Union or its people
  673. tile
    a flat thin rectangular slab used to cover surfaces
  674. Union
    the United States
  675. observance
    conformity with law or custom or practice etc.
  676. shirt
    a garment worn on the upper half of the body
  677. emblem
    special design representing a quality, type, or group
  678. commentary
    a written explanation or criticism or illustration
  679. Versailles
    a city in north central France near Paris
  680. unlimited
    having no limits in range or scope
  681. today
    on this day as distinct from yesterday or tomorrow
  682. million
    the number that is represented as a one followed by 6 zeros
  683. Scotland
    one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; located on the northern part of the island of Great Britain; famous for bagpipes and plaids and kilts
  684. teacher
    a person whose occupation is instructing
  685. remove
    take something away as by lifting, pushing, or taking off
  686. official
    of or relating to a place of business
  687. also
    in addition
  688. trooper
    a state police officer
  689. bug
    general term for any insect or similar creeping or crawling invertebrate
  690. area
    the extent of a 2-dimensional surface within a boundary
  691. payment
    the act of paying money
  692. appoint
    assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
  693. deprive
    take away
  694. fighting
    the act of fighting; any contest or struggle
  695. sharing
    unselfishly willing to partake with others
  696. June
    the month following May and preceding July
  697. physically
    in accord with physical laws
  698. fifteenth
    position 15 in a countable series of things
  699. surround
    extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle
  700. enemy
    a personal foe
  701. Swedish
    of or relating to or characteristic of Sweden or its people or culture or language
  702. western
    lying toward or situated in the west
  703. reside
    live in
  704. resistance
    any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion
  705. director
    someone who controls resources and expenditures
  706. socialism
    a political theory advocating state ownership of industry
  707. commitment
    the act of binding yourself to a course of action
  708. murder
    unlawful premeditated killing of a human being
  709. cooperation
    the practice of working together on a common enterprise
  710. nation
    a politically organized body of people under a government
  711. food
    any substance that can be metabolized by an animal
  712. formerly
    at a previous time
  713. investigate
    conduct an inquiry of
  714. nationality
    the status of belonging to a particular country
  715. verge
    the limit beyond which something happens or changes
  716. culture
    all the knowledge and values shared by a society
  717. secrecy
    the condition of being concealed or hidden
  718. plan
    a series of steps to be carried out or goals to be achieved
  719. harass
    annoy continually or chronically
  720. carbon
    an abundant nonmetallic element in all organic compounds
  721. deliberation
    careful consideration
  722. shawl
    cloak consisting of an oblong piece of cloth used to cover the head and shoulders
  723. accuse
    blame for; make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against
  724. scientific
    conforming with the principles or methods used in science
  725. prayer
    reverent petition to a deity
  726. close in
    advance or converge on
  727. surprise
    come upon or take unawares
  728. remaining
    not used up
  729. dissolved
    (of solid matter) reduced to a liquid form
  730. Allies
    in World War I the alliance of Great Britain and France and Russia and all the other nations that became allied with them in opposing the Central Powers
  731. guinea
    a former British gold coin worth 21 shillings
  732. outbreak
    a sudden violent spontaneous occurrence
  733. minister
    a person authorized to conduct religious worship
  734. primarily
    for the most part
  735. ravine
    a deep narrow steep-sided valley
  736. nineteenth
    position 19 in a countable series of things
  737. paw
    a clawed foot of an animal especially a quadruped
  738. criminal
    someone who has committed a punishable act
  739. investigator
    someone who inquires carefully
  740. define
    show the form or outline of
  741. thousand
    the cardinal number that is the product of 10 and 100
  742. word
    a unit of language that native speakers can identify
  743. coup
    a sudden and decisive change of government by force
  744. survivor
    one who lives through affliction
  745. signed
    having a handwritten signature
  746. officially
    in an authoritative role
  747. equal
    having the same quantity, value, or measure as another
  748. century
    a period of 100 years
  749. opinion
    a personal belief or judgment
  750. part
    one of the portions into which something is regarded as divided and which together constitute a whole
  751. precept
    rule of personal conduct
  752. idea
    the content of cognition
  753. righteous
    morally justified
  754. catastrophe
    a sudden violent change in the earth's surface
  755. contained
    gotten under control
  756. aspiration
    a cherished desire
  757. Muslim
    a believer in or follower of Islam
  758. system
    a group of independent elements comprising a unified whole
  759. intolerable
    incapable of being put up with
  760. formed
    having or given a form or shape
  761. British
    of or relating to or characteristic of Great Britain or its people or culture
  762. religious
    having or showing belief in and reverence for a deity
  763. professed
    openly declared as such
  764. sway
    move back and forth
  765. worn
    affected by wear; damaged by long use
  766. foreign policy
    a policy governing international relations
  767. administrative
    responsible for managing the affairs of a group of people
  768. blamed
    expletives used informally as intensifiers
  769. committed
    bound or obligated, as under a pledge to a cause or action
  770. imprisoned
    being in captivity
  771. reel
    a winder around which flexible materials can be wound
  772. colony
    a group of organisms of the same type living together
  773. knife
    edge tool used as a cutting instrument
  774. attack
    an offensive against an enemy
  775. take to
    have a fancy or particular liking or desire for
  776. surrounded
    confined on all sides
  777. represent
    be a delegate or spokesperson for
  778. stage
    any distinct time period in a sequence of events
  779. burial
    the ritual placing of a corpse in a grave
  780. settlement
    the act of colonizing; the establishment of colonies
  781. United States
    North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
  782. illegal
    prohibited by law or by official or accepted rules
  783. tactics
    a plan for attaining a particular goal
  784. restrict
    limit access to
  785. laborer
    someone who works with their hands
  786. partially
    in some degree; not wholly
  787. revived
    restored to consciousness or life or vigor
  788. movie
    a form of entertainment that enacts a story by sound and a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement
  789. freight
    goods carried by a large vehicle
  790. imprisonment
    the act of confining someone in a prison
  791. deceive
    cause someone to believe an untruth
  792. extend to
    to extend as far as
  793. name
    a language unit by which a person or thing is known
  794. van
    a closed railroad car that carries baggage or freight
  795. armor
    protective covering made of metal and used in combat
  796. myth
    a traditional story serving to explain a world view
  797. exist
    have a presence
  798. sealed
    closed or secured with or as if with a seal
  799. lesser
    of smaller size or importance
  800. youth
    a person who is not yet old
  801. mat
    a small pad of material that is used to protect a surface
  802. prime
    used of the first or originating agent
  803. religion
    a strong belief in supernatural powers that control destiny
  804. replace
    put something back where it belongs
  805. compassion
    a deep awareness of and sympathy for another's suffering
  806. Education
    the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with education (including federal aid to educational institutions and students); created 1979
  807. troops
    soldiers collectively
  808. imprison
    lock up or confine, in or as in a jail
  809. instrument
    the means whereby some act is accomplished
  810. partly
    in part; in some degree; not wholly
  811. protection
    the activity of shielding someone or something
  812. adequate
    having the requisite qualities or resources to meet a task
  813. hardship
    something hard to endure
  814. orphan
    a child who has lost both parents
  815. diplomat
    an official engaged in international negotiations
  816. treated
    subjected to a physical treatment or action or agent
  817. ten
    the cardinal number that is the sum of nine and one
  818. detailed
    developed with careful treatment of particulars
  819. housing
    structures collectively in which people are housed
  820. slave
    a person who is owned by someone
  821. covenant
    an agreement between God and his people
  822. brutal
    resembling a beast; showing lack of human sensibility
  823. live
    have life, be alive
  824. melody
    a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence
  825. load
    weight to be borne or conveyed
  826. movement
    change of position that does not entail a change of location
  827. guide
    someone employed to conduct others
  828. irregular
    not level or flat or symmetrical
  829. fit
    meeting adequate standards for a purpose
  830. chant
    a repetitive song in which syllables are assigned to a tone
  831. under
    below some quantity or limit
  832. removed
    separate or apart in time
  833. music
    an artistic form of auditory communication
  834. star
    a celestial body of hot gases that radiates energy
  835. large
    above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude
  836. beginning
    the act of starting something
  837. respective
    considered individually
  838. guard
    watch over or shield from danger or harm; protect
  839. promote
    assign to a higher position
  840. large number
    a large indefinite number
  841. contain
    hold or have within
  842. supreme
    greatest in status or authority or power
  843. Red
    a tributary of the Mississippi River that flows eastward from Texas along the southern boundary of Oklahoma and through Louisiana
  844. take part
    share in something
  845. Palestinian
    of or relating to the area of Palestine and its inhabitants
  846. abandon
    forsake, leave behind
  847. film
    a series of moving pictures that tells a story
  848. false
    not in accordance with the fact or reality or actuality
  849. skull
    the bony skeleton of the head of vertebrates
  850. association
    a formal organization of people or groups of people
  851. troop
    a group of soldiers
  852. league
    an association of states or individuals for common action
  853. arrest
    take into custody
  854. composer
    someone who composes music as a profession
  855. Testament
    either of the two main parts of the Christian Bible
  856. circulation
    movement through a circuit
  857. approve
    judge to be right or commendable; think well of
  858. devour
    eat immoderately
  859. superiority
    the quality of being better than someone or something
  860. Communist
    a member of the communist party
  861. after
    happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  862. dug
    an udder or breast or teat
  863. subsequently
    happening at a time later than another time
  864. Spanish
    of or relating to or characteristic of Spain or the people of Spain
  865. operating
    involved in a kind of operation
  866. rally
  867. flight
    an instance of traveling by air
  868. prior
    earlier in time
  869. fight
    be engaged in a contest or struggle
  870. suicide
    the act of killing yourself
  871. tract
    an extended area of land
  872. military
    the armed forces of a nation
  873. parliament
    a legislative assembly in certain countries
  874. smash
    hit violently
  875. folk
    people in general (often used in the plural)
  876. chart
    a visual display of information
  877. potential
    existing in possibility
  878. guarded
  879. published
    prepared and printed for distribution and sale
  880. joined
    connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks
  881. burn
    destroy by fire
  882. thirteen
    the cardinal number that is the sum of twelve and one
  883. disease
    an impairment of health
  884. deny
    declare untrue; contradict
  885. within
    on the inside
  886. jacket
    a short coat
  887. oppose
    be against
  888. deliberately
    in a careful unhurried manner
  889. commit
    engage in or perform
  890. worker
    a person who works at a specific occupation
  891. communications
    the discipline that studies transmitting information
  892. ultimately
    as the end result of a succession or process
  893. July
    the month following June and preceding August
  894. sleeve
    the part of a garment that is attached at the armhole and that provides a cloth covering for the arm
  895. society
    an extended group having a distinctive cultural organization
  896. newspaper
    a daily or weekly publication on folded sheets
  897. intended
    resulting from one's intentions
  898. India
    a republic in the Asian subcontinent in southern Asia
  899. begin
    set in motion, cause to start
  900. pure
    free of extraneous elements of any kind
  901. sack
    a bag made of paper or plastic for holding purchases
  902. hero
    someone who fights for a cause
  903. warfare
    the waging of armed conflict against an enemy
  904. place
    a point located with respect to surface features of a region
  905. David
    the 2nd king of the Israelites
  906. recruit
    cause to assemble or enlist in the military
  907. announced
    declared publicly; made widely known
  908. Italy
    a republic in southern Europe on the Italian Peninsula
  909. encourage
    inspire with confidence
  910. secretly
    in secrecy; not openly
  911. vast
    unusually great in size or amount or extent or scope
  912. found
    food and lodging provided in addition to money
  913. appropriate
    suitable for a particular person or place or condition etc
  914. technology
    the practical application of science to commerce or industry
  915. consist
    have its essential character
  916. living
    pertaining to living persons
  917. believe
    accept as true; take to be true
  918. united
    being or joined into a single entity
  919. controlled
    restrained or managed or kept within certain bounds
  920. particularly
    to a distinctly greater extent or degree than is common
  921. often
    many times at short intervals
  922. president
    the chief executive of a republic
  923. transform
    change or alter in form, appearance, or nature
  924. massive
    consisting of great mass
  925. number
    a concept of quantity involving zero and units
  926. bar
    a rigid piece of metal or wood
  927. deprived
    marked by a state of extreme poverty
  928. district
    a region marked off for administrative or other purposes
  929. volunteer
    a person who performs work done by choice
  930. considerably
    to a great extent or degree
  931. peoples
    the human beings of a particular nation or community or ethnic group
  932. trial
    the act of testing something
  933. varied
    characterized by diversity
  934. March
    the month following February and preceding April
  935. offensive
    unpleasant or disgusting especially to the senses
  936. significance
    the quality of being important
  937. conclude
    bring to a close
  938. civil
    of or occurring between or among citizens of the state
  939. demonstration
    a show or display
  940. hit
    deal a blow to, either with the hand or with an instrument
  941. totally
    to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent
  942. literally
    without exaggeration
  943. program
    a series of steps to be carried out
  944. descent
    a movement downward
  945. Britain
    a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; `Great Britain' is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom
  946. torture
    infliction of suffering to punish or obtain information
  947. responsible for
    being the agent or cause
  948. freedom
    the condition of being free
  949. creed
    any system of principles or beliefs
  950. Order
    (usually plural) the status or rank or office of a Christian clergyman in an ecclesiastical hierarchy
  951. faster
    more quickly
  952. sphere
    a round three-dimensional closed surface
  953. selection
    the act of choosing
  954. peace
    the state prevailing during the absence of war
  955. following
    the act of pursuing in an effort to overtake or capture
  956. process
    a particular course of action intended to achieve a result
  957. civilian
    a nonmilitary citizen
  958. France
    a republic in western Europe
  959. raw
    not treated with heat to prepare it for eating
  960. practice
    a customary way of operation or behavior
  961. similar
    having the same or nearly the same characteristics
  962. wear
    put clothing on one's body
  963. restaurant
    a building where people go to eat
  964. ruled
    subject to a ruling authority
  965. most
    quantifier meaning the greatest in number
  966. the like
    a similar kind
  967. singer
    a person who sings
  968. between
    in the interval
  969. surrounding
    closely encircling
  970. Austrian
    a native or inhabitant of Austria
  971. protected
    kept safe or defended from danger or injury or loss
  972. frank
    characterized by directness in manner or speech
  973. profess
    confess one's faith in, or allegiance to
  974. command
    an authoritative direction or instruction to do something
  975. outline
    the line that appears to bound an object
  976. leadership
    the status of being in charge
  977. planted
    set in the soil for growth
  978. radical
    far beyond the norm
  979. emergency
    a sudden unforeseen crisis that requires immediate action
  980. decree
    a legally binding command or decision
  981. Paul
    a Christian missionary to the Gentiles
  982. closed
    not open
  983. Cross
    a representation of the structure on which Jesus was crucified; used as an emblem of Christianity or in heraldry
  984. exile
    the act of expelling a person from their native land
  985. serving
    the act of delivering a writ or summons upon someone
  986. earliest
    more early than; most early
  987. personally
    in the flesh; without involving anyone else
  988. break out
    begin suddenly and sometimes violently
  989. publish
    prepare and issue for public distribution or sale
  990. home in
    direct onto a target, especially by navigational aids
  991. complex
    complicated in structure
  992. method
    a way of doing something, especially a systematic way
  993. usually
    under normal conditions
  994. era
    a period marked by distinctive character
  995. sexual
    of or relating to or characterized by sexuality
  996. rebellion
    organized opposition to authority
  997. member
    anything that belongs to a set or class
  998. suppress
    to put down by force or authority
  999. encouraged
    inspired with confidence
  1000. inferior
    of or characteristic of low rank or importance
  1001. gang
    an association of criminals
  1002. communist
    relating to or marked by communism
  1003. resident
    someone who lives at a particular place for a long period
  1004. employ
    put into service
  1005. council
    a body serving in an administrative capacity
  1006. widely
    to a great degree
  1007. department
    a specialized division of a large organization
  1008. industry
    the action of making of goods and services for sale
  1009. strict
    rigidly accurate; allowing no deviation from a standard
  1010. founder
    a person who establishes some institution
  1011. primary
    of first rank or importance or value
  1012. history
    a record or narrative description of past events
  1013. primitive
    characteristic of an earlier ancestral type
  1014. lightning
    flash of light from an electric discharge in the atmosphere
  1015. speaking
    capable of or involving speech or speaking
  1016. ken
    range of what one can know or understand
  1017. relationship
    a mutual connection between people
  1018. ancestor
    someone from whom you are descended
  1019. mid
    used in combination to denote the middle
  1020. 150
    being ten more than one hundred forty
  1021. Greek
    of or relating to or characteristic of Greece or the Greeks or the Greek language
  1022. honor
    a tangible symbol signifying approval or distinction
  1023. Franklin
    printer whose success as an author led him to take up politics; he helped draw up the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution; he played a major role in the American Revolution and negotiated French support for the colonists; as a scientist he is remembered particularly for his research in electricity (1706-1790)
  1024. Greece
    ancient Greece
  1025. Jerusalem
    capital and largest city of the modern state of Israel
  1026. service
    an act of help or assistance
  1027. convict
    find or declare guilty
  1028. work
    activity directed toward making or doing something
  1029. theme
    the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
  1030. invasion
    any entry into an area not previously occupied
  1031. treat
    subject to a process with the aim of readying for a purpose
  1032. marshal
    a military officer of highest rank
  1033. capture
    seize as if by hunting, snaring, or trapping
  1034. premier
    first in rank or degree
  1035. pig
    domestic swine
  1036. approved
    established by authority; given authoritative approval
  1037. customs
    money collected under a tariff
  1038. of age
    having attained a specific age;
  1039. planned
    planned in advance
  1040. brook
    a natural stream of water smaller than a river
  1041. French
    of or pertaining to France or the people of France
  1042. art
    the creation of beautiful or significant things
  1043. intend
    have in mind as a purpose
  1044. space
    the unlimited expanse in which everything is located
  1045. peak
    a V shape
  1046. device
    an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose
  1047. form
    a perceptual structure
  1048. march
    walk fast, with regular or measured steps
  1049. floor
    the inside lower horizontal surface
  1050. comparison
    the act of examining resemblances
  1051. network
    an open fabric woven together at regular intervals
  1052. special
    having a specific function or scope
  1053. Prime Minister
    the person who holds the position of head of the government in the United Kingdom
  1054. Israeli
    a native or inhabitant of Israel
  1055. hatred
    the emotion of intense dislike
  1056. wing
    a movable organ for flying (one of a pair)
  1057. combined
    made or joined or united into one
  1058. know
    be cognizant or aware of a fact or a piece of information
  1059. extra
    more than is needed, desired, or required
  1060. prejudice
    a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue
  1061. means
    how a result is obtained or an end is achieved
  1062. glass
    a brittle transparent solid with irregular atomic structure
  1063. scientist
    a person with advanced knowledge of empirical fields
  1064. shooting
    the act of firing a projectile
  1065. day
    time for Earth to make a complete rotation on its axis
  1066. assault
    attack someone physically or emotionally
  1067. combination
    the act of bringing things together to form a new whole
  1068. Christianity
    a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior
  1069. perish
    pass from physical life
  1070. dealing
    method or manner of conduct in relation to others
  1071. hold in
    lessen the intensity of
  1072. used to
    in the habit
  1073. assume
    take to be the case or to be true
  1074. presidential
    relating to a president or presidency
  1075. governor
    the head of a state authority
  1076. enable
    provide the means to perform some task
  1077. museum
    a building for collecting and displaying valuable objects
  1078. man
    an adult person who is male (as opposed to a woman)
  1079. accused
    a defendant in a criminal proceeding
  1080. principle
    a basic generalization that is accepted as true
  1081. eight
    the cardinal number that is the sum of seven and one
  1082. more and more
    advancing in amount or intensity
  1083. share
    assets belonging to an individual person or group
  1084. home
    where you live at a particular time
  1085. senior
    advanced in years
  1086. transport
    move something or somebody around
  1087. language
    a means of communicating by the use of sounds or symbols
  1088. platform
    a raised horizontal surface
  1089. there
    in or at that place
  1090. first
    preceding all others in time or space or degree
  1091. site
    the piece of land on which something is located
  1092. greater
    greater in size or importance or degree
  1093. Roosevelt
    32nd President of the United States
  1094. brand
    a name given to a product or service
  1095. follow
    to travel behind, go after, come after
  1096. gallery
    a porch along the outside of a building
  1097. map
    a diagrammatic representation of the earth's surface
  1098. crowded
    overfilled or compacted or concentrated
  1099. distinct
    constituting a separate entity or part
  1100. vary
    become different in some particular way
  1101. in order
    in a state of proper readiness or preparation or arrangement
  1102. near
    near in time or place or relationship
  1103. imperial
    of a dominion under control of a single authority
  1104. secret
    not openly made known
  1105. musical
    characterized by or capable of producing music
  1106. accept
    receive willingly something given or offered
  1107. responsible
    worthy of or requiring trust; held accountable
  1108. abandoned
    forsaken by owner or inhabitants
  1109. arts
    studies intended to provide general knowledge and skills
  1110. poison
    any substance that causes injury or illness or death
  1111. heavily
    slowly as if burdened by much weight
  1112. second
    coming next after the first in position in space or time
  1113. charge
    assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
  1114. uniform
    clothing of distinctive design worn by members of a group
  1115. many
    amounting to a large but indefinite number
  1116. foreign
    not deriving from the essential nature of something
  1117. northern
    situated in or oriented toward the north
  1118. assumed
    adopted in order to deceive
  1119. shoes
    a particular situation
  1120. attempted
    tried unsuccessfully
  1121. join
    cause to become joined or linked
  1122. act
    behave in a certain manner
  1123. structure
    a complex entity made of many parts
  1124. become
    come into existence
  1125. close
    at or within a short distance in space or time
  1126. document
    a representation of a person's thinking with symbolic marks
  1127. supported
    held up or having the weight borne especially from below
  1128. mostly
    in large part; mainly or chiefly
  1129. resource
    aid or support that may be drawn upon when needed
  1130. seriously
    in a solemn manner
  1131. elder
    a person of more advanced age
  1132. exact
    marked by strict and complete accordance with fact
  1133. thunder
    a booming or crashing noise along the path of lightning
  1134. role
    the actions and activities assigned to a person or group
  1135. according
    in agreement with
  1136. conquer
    take possession of by force, as after an invasion
  1137. concluded
    having come or been brought to a conclusion
  1138. acting
    the performance of a part or role in a drama
  1139. launch
    propel with force
  1140. dig
    turn up, loosen, or remove earth
  1141. essential
    basic and fundamental
  1142. chiefly
    for the most part
  1143. extended
    fully stretched forth
  1144. call for
    express the need or desire for; ask for
  1145. substance
    the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists
  1146. new
    not of long duration
  1147. wire
    ligament made of metal and used to fasten things or make cages or fences etc