Language arts, Grades 9-12

Vocabulary list related to English language arts for students in grades 9-12.
definitions & notes only words
  1. acronym
    a word formed from the initial letters of several words
  2. allegory
    a short moral story
  3. alliteration
    use of the same consonant at the beginning of each word
  4. allusion
    passing reference or indirect mention
  5. ambience
    the atmosphere of an environment
  6. ambiguity
    unclearness by virtue of having more than one meaning
  7. analogy
    drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity
  8. anecdote
    short account of an incident
  9. archetype
    something that serves as a model
  10. articulation
    the manner in which things come together and are connected
  11. artifact
    a man-made object taken as a whole
  12. assonance
    the repetition of similar vowels in successive words
  13. ballad
    a narrative poem of popular origin
  14. bias
    a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue
  15. Bible
    the sacred writings of the Christian religions
  16. bylaw
    a rule adopted by an organization in order to regulate its own affairs and the behavior of its members
  17. censorship
    deleting parts of publications or theatrical performances
  18. characterization
    the act of describing essential features
  19. cinematographer
    a photographer who operates a movie camera
  20. circumlocution
    an indirect way of expressing something
  21. cognate
    related by blood
  22. coherence
    the state of sticking together
  23. cohesion
    the state of sticking together
  24. collective noun
    a noun that is singular in form but refers to a group of people or things
  25. commercialization
    the act of commercializing something
  26. concept
    an abstract or general idea inferred from specific instances
  27. consonance
    the property of sounding harmonious
  28. context
    the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation
  29. couplet
    a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse
  30. credibility
    the quality of being believable or trustworthy
  31. dash
    run or move very quickly or hastily
  32. debate
    a discussion with reasons for and against some proposal
  33. deconstruct
    interpret by carefully examining a work's ideas and language
  34. delivery
    voluntary transfer of something from one party to another
  35. dictation
    an authoritative direction or instruction to do something
  36. diction
    the manner in which something is expressed in words
  37. directionality
    the property of being directional or maintaining a direction
  38. emphasis
    intensity or forcefulness of expression
  39. epic
    a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
  40. ethics
    motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
  41. excerpt
    a passage selected from a larger work
  42. feature article
    a special or prominent article in a newspaper or magazine
  43. hyperbole
    extravagant exaggeration
  44. idiom
    expression whose meaning cannot be inferred from its words
  45. incongruity
    the quality of disagreeing
  46. inflection
    the patterns of stress and intonation in a language
  47. interior monologue
    a literary genre that presents a fictional character's sequence of thoughts in the form of a monologue
  48. irony
    incongruity between what might be expected and what occurs
  49. job application
    an application for a job
  50. job interview
    an interview to determine whether an applicant is suitable for a position of employment
  51. leave-taking
    the act of departing politely
  52. literary criticism
    the informed analysis and evaluation of literature
  53. logical fallacy
    a fallacy in logical argumentation
  54. lyric poem
    a short poem of songlike quality
  55. medium
    the surrounding environment
  56. memorandum
    a written proposal or reminder
  57. methodology
    the techniques followed in a particular discipline
  58. microfiche
    small sheet of microfilm on which many pages of material have been photographed; a magnification system is used to read the material
  59. modulation
    the act of adjusting according to due measure and proportion
  60. mythology
    the body of stories associated with a culture or institution
  61. narrator
    someone who tells a story
  62. negotiate
    discuss the terms of an arrangement
  63. norm
    a standard or model or pattern regarded as typical
  64. noun phrase
    a phrase that can function as the subject or object of a verb
  65. nuance
    a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude
  66. ode
    a lyric poem with complex stanza forms
  67. onomatopoeia
    using words that imitate the sound they denote
  68. overstatement
    making to seem more important than it really is
  69. overview
    a general summary of a subject
  70. packaging
    material used to make packages
  71. parable
    a short moral story
  72. parody
    a composition that imitates or misrepresents a style
  73. pastoral
    devoted to raising sheep or cattle
  74. persona
    a personal facade that one presents to the world
  75. production cost
    combined costs of raw material and labor incurred in producing goods
  76. propaganda
    information that is spread to promote some cause
  77. questionnaire
    a form with a set of queries to gain statistical information
  78. readability
    the quality of written language that makes it easy to read and understand
  79. red herring
    a dried and smoked herring having a reddish color
  80. redraft
    a draft for the amount of a dishonored draft plus the costs and charges of drafting again
  81. reflexive pronoun
    a personal pronoun compounded with -self to show the agent's action affects the agent
  82. resume
    take up or begin anew
  83. rhetorical device
    a use of language that creates a literary effect
  84. rhetorical question
    a statement that is not supposed to be answered
  85. sarcasm
    witty language used to convey insults or scorn
  86. satire
    witty language used to convey insults or scorn
  87. semicolon
    a punctuation mark used to connect independent clauses
  88. soap opera
    a serialized program usually dealing with sentimentalized family matters that is broadcast on radio or television (frequently sponsored by a company advertising soap products)
  89. soliloquy
    speech you make to yourself
  90. stream of consciousness
    the continuous flow of ideas and feelings that constitute an individual's conscious experience
  91. subvocalize
    articulate without making audible sounds
  92. thesis
    an unproved statement advanced as a premise in an argument
  93. transparency
    the quality of being clear
  94. understatement
    something said in a restrained way for ironic contrast
  95. warranty
    written assurance that a product or service will be provided
  96. word processing
    rapid and efficient processing (storage and printing) of linguistic data for composition and editing