Lois Lowry's "The Giver" Chapter 1 99 words

Vocabulary study list for Lois Lowry's "The Giver" (Chapter 1).
  1. childcare
    a service involving care for other people's children
    His parents were both at work, and his little sister, Lily, was at the Childcare Center where she spent her after-school hours.
  2. nightclothes
    garments designed to be worn in bed
    "Lily," Mother said, beckoning to the little girl, "go on now and get into your nightclothes.
  3. family unit
    primary social group; parents and children
    Most of the people on the night crew had not even been given spouses because they lacked, somehow, the essential capacity to connect to others, which was required for the creation of a family unit.
  4. overfly
    fly over
    Frightened was the way he had felt a year ago when an unidentified aircraft had overflown the community twice.
  5. street cleaner
    a worker employed to clean streets (especially one employed by a municipal sanitation department)
    Looking through the front window, he had seen no people: none of the busy afternoon crew of Street Cleaners, Landscape Workers, and Food Delivery people who usually populate the community at that time of day.
  6. rumple
    disturb the smoothness of
    He smoothed his rumpled tunic and sat down.
  7. landing field
    a place where planes take off and land
    Occasionally, when supplies were delivered by cargo planes to the landing field across the river, the children rode their bicycles to the river bank and watched, intrigued, the unloading and then the takeoff directed to the west, always away from t
  8. instructional
    of or relating to or used in instruction
    He turned and wrote "distraught" on the instructional board.
  9. hatchery
    a place where eggs are hatched under artificial conditions (especially fish eggs)
    "I left home at the correct time but when I was riding along near the hatchery, the crew was separating some salmon.
  10. after-school
    outside regular school hours
    His parents were both at work, and his little sister, Lily, was at the Childcare Center where she spent her after-school hours.
  11. navigational
    of or relating to navigation
    Within minutes the speakers had crackled again, and the voice, reassuring now and less urgent, had explained that a Pilot-in-Training had misread his navigational instructions and made a wrong turn.
  12. populate
    inhabit or live in; be an inhabitant of
    Looking through the front window, he had seen no people: none of the busy afternoon crew of Street Cleaners, Landscape Workers, and Food Delivery people who usually populate the community at that time of day.
  13. wheedle
    influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering
    But like all parents -- all adults -- they didn't fight and wheedle for their turn.
  14. paying attention
    taking heed; giving close and thoughtful attention
    I guess I wasn't paying attention.
  15. misread
    read or interpret wrongly
    Within minutes the speakers had crackled again, and the voice, reassuring now and less urgent, had explained that a Pilot-in-Training had misread his navigational instructions and made a wrong turn.
  16. wiggle
    move to and fro
    "You go, Lily," he said, seeing his sister, who was much younger -- only a Seven -- wiggling with impatience in her chair.
  17. cleaners
    shop where dry cleaning is done
    Looking through the front window, he had seen no people: none of the busy afternoon crew of Street Cleaners, Landscape Workers, and Food Delivery people who usually populate the community at that time of day.
  18. squinting
    having eyes half closed in order to see better
    Squinting toward the sky, he had seen the sleek jet, almost a blur at its high speed, go past, and a second later heard the blast of sound that followed.
  19. bellied
    having a belly; often used in combination
    It was not a squat, fat-bellied cargo plane but a needle-nosed single-pilot jet.
  20. unidentified
    not yet identified
    Frightened was the way he had felt a year ago when an unidentified aircraft had overflown the community twice.
  21. rasping
    unpleasantly harsh or grating in sound
    IMMEDIATELY, the rasping voice through the speakers had said.
  22. clenched fist
    a hand with the fingers clenched in the palm (as for hitting)
    She held up a clenched fist and the rest of the family smiled at her small defiant gesture.
  23. final decision
    a judgment disposing of the case before the court; after the judgment (or an appeal from it) is rendered all that remains is to enforce the judgment
    For a contributing citizen to be released from the community was a final decision, a terrible punishment, an overwhelming statement of failure.
  24. Department of Justice
    the United States federal department responsible for enforcing federal laws (including the enforcement of all civil rights legislation); created in 1870
    Next, Mother, who held a prominent position at the Department of Justice, talked about her feelings.
  25. complicate
    make more complicated
    His feelings were too complicated this evening.
  26. takeoff
    a departure; especially of airplanes
    Occasionally, when supplies were delivered by cargo planes to the landing field across the river, the children rode their bicycles to the river bank and watched, intrigued, the unloading and then the takeoff directed to the west, always away from t
  27. fascinate
    to render motionless, as with a fixed stare or by arousing terror or awe
    At first, he had been only fascinated.
  28. rumpled
    in disarray; extremely disorderly
    He smoothed his rumpled tunic and sat down.
  29. school day
    any day on which school is in session
    "When we were Sixes, we went and shared a whole school day with a group of Sixes in their community."
  30. jeering
    showing your contempt by derision
    Even the children were scolded if they used the term lightly at play, jeering at a teammate who missed a catch or stumbled in a race.
  31. distraught
    deeply agitated especially from emotion
    I guess I just got distraught, watching them.
  32. crackle
    make a crackling sound
    Within minutes the speakers had crackled again, and the voice, reassuring now and less urgent, had explained that a Pilot-in-Training had misread his navigational instructions and made a wrong turn.
  33. sifting
    the act of separating grain from chaff
    He wanted to share them, but he wasn't eager to begin the process of sifting through his own complicated emotions, even with the help that he knew his parents could give.
  34. go past
    move past
    Squinting toward the sky, he had seen the sleek jet, almost a blur at its high speed, go past, and a second later heard the blast of sound that followed.
  35. time of day
    clock time
    Looking through the front window, he had seen no people: none of the busy afternoon crew of Street Cleaners, Landscape Workers, and Food Delivery people who usually populate the community at that time of day.
  36. unloading
    the labor of taking a load of something off of or out of a vehicle or ship or container etc.
    Occasionally, when supplies were delivered by cargo planes to the landing field across the river, the children rode their bicycles to the river bank and watched, intrigued, the unloading and then the takeoff directed to the west, always away from t
  37. nurture
    provide with nourishment
    We have him in the extra care section for supplementary nurturing, but the committee's beginning to talk about releasing him."
  38. keep going
    continue uninterrupted
    One of them -- a male; I don't know his name -- kept going right to the front of the line for the slide, even though the rest of us were all waiting.
  39. cache
    a hidden storage space (for money or provisions or weapons)
    Asher ran through the standard apology phrase rapidly, still caching his breath.
  40. giggle
    laugh nervously
    Lily giggled.
  41. recognizable
    easily perceived; easy to become aware of
    Not like his friend, Asher, who talked too fast and mixed things up, scrambling words and phrases until they were barely recognizable and often very funny.
  42. uneducated
    not having a good education
    Neither child knew what the word meant, exactly, but it was often used to describe someone uneducated or clumsy, someone who didn't fit in.
  43. supplementary
    functioning in a supporting capacity
    We have him in the extra care section for supplementary nurturing, but the committee's beginning to talk about releasing him."
  44. obediently
    in an obedient manner
    LEAVE YOUR BICYCLES WHERE THEY ARE. Instantly, obediently, Jonas had dropped his bike on its side on the path behind his family's dwelling.
  45. in unison
    speaking or singing at the same time; simultaneously
    The class recited the standard response in unison.
  46. teammate
    a fellow member of a team
    Even the children were scolded if they used the term lightly at play, jeering at a teammate who missed a catch or stumbled in a race.
  47. pedal
    a lever that is operated with the foot
    Now, thinking about the feeling of fear as he pedaled home along the river path, he remembered that moment of palpable, stomach-sinking terror when the aircraft had streaked above.
  48. streaked
    marked with or as if with stripes or linear discolorations
    Now, thinking about the feeling of fear as he pedaled home along the river path, he remembered that moment of palpable, stomach-sinking terror when the aircraft had streaked above.
  49. rasp
    scrape with a rasp
    IMMEDIATELY, the rasping voice through the speakers had said.
  50. sympathetically
    in a sympathetic manner
    "Oh, no," Mother murmured sympathetically.
  51. upturned
    having been turned so that the bottom is no longer the bottom
    He saw only the abandoned bikes here and there on their sides; an upturned wheel on one was still revolving slowly.
  52. fit in
    go together
    Neither child knew what the word meant, exactly, but it was often used to describe someone uneducated or clumsy, someone who didn't fit in.
  53. confuse
    mistake one thing for another
    Jonas, looking around anxiously, had seen others -- adults as well as children -- stop what they were doing and wait, confused, for an explanation of the frightening event.
  54. releasing
    emotionally purging (of e.g. art)
    We have him in the extra care section for supplementary nurturing, but the committee's beginning to talk about releasing him."
  55. unison
    corresponding exactly
    The class recited the standard response in unison.
  56. little sister
    a younger sister
    His parents were both at work, and his little sister, Lily, was at the Childcare Center where she spent her after-school hours.
  57. transgression
    the act of transgressing; the violation of a law or a duty or moral principle
    The rules say that if there's a third transgression, he simply has to be released."
  58. revolve
    turn on or around an axis or a center
    He saw only the abandoned bikes here and there on their sides; an upturned wheel on one was still revolving slowly.
  59. squint
    partly close one's eyes, as when hit by direct blinding light
    Squinting toward the sky, he had seen the sleek jet, almost a blur at its high speed, go past, and a second later heard the blast of sound that followed.
  60. cleaner
    someone whose occupation is cleaning
    Looking through the front window, he had seen no people: none of the busy afternoon crew of Street Cleaners, Landscape Workers, and Food Delivery people who usually populate the community at that time of day.
  61. ironic
    characterized by often poignant difference or incongruity between what is expected and what actually is
    There was an ironic tone to that finally message, as if the Speaker found it amusing; and Jonas had smiled a little, though he knew what a grim statement it had been.
  62. reassure
    cause to feel sure; give reassurance to
    Within minutes the speakers had crackled again, and the voice, reassuring now and less urgent, had explained that a Pilot-in-Training had misread his navigational instructions and made a wrong turn.
  63. anthem
    a song of devotion or loyalty (as to a nation or school)
    Jonas grinned, remembering the morning that Asher had dashed into the classroom, late as usual, arriving breathlessly in the middle of the chanting of the morning anthem.
  64. nervousness
    the anxious feeling you have when you have the jitters
    But there was a little shudder of nervousness when he thought about it, about what might happen.
  65. frightening
    causing fear or dread or terror
    Jonas, looking around anxiously, had seen others -- adults as well as children -- stop what they were doing and wait, confused, for an explanation of the frightening event.
  66. classmate
    an acquaintance that you go to school with
    "I apologize to my classmates," Asher concluded.
  67. sickening
    causing or able to cause nausea
    Frightened meant that deep, sickening feeling of something terrible about to happen.
  68. gender
    the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles
    "What gender is it?"
  69. adequately
    in an adequate manner or to an adequate degree
    Someone who she hoped had been adequately and fairly punished, and who had been restored to his place: to his job, his home, his family unit.
  70. chanting
    the act of singing in a monotonous tone
    Jonas grinned, remembering the morning that Asher had dashed into the classroom, late as usual, arriving breathlessly in the middle of the chanting of the morning anthem.
  71. descriptive
    serving to describe or inform or characterized by description
    "I'm feeling apprehensive," he confessed, glad the appropriate descriptive word had finally come to him.
  72. stumble
    miss a step and fall or nearly fall
    Even the children were scolded if they used the term lightly at play, jeering at a teammate who missed a catch or stumbled in a race.
  73. breathlessly
    in a breathless manner
    Jonas grinned, remembering the morning that Asher had dashed into the classroom, late as usual, arriving breathlessly in the middle of the chanting of the morning anthem.
  74. reassuring
    restoring confidence and relieving anxiety
    Within minutes the speakers had crackled again, and the voice, reassuring now and less urgent, had explained that a Pilot-in-Training had misread his navigational instructions and made a wrong turn.
  75. palpable
    capable of being perceived; especially capable of being handled or touched or felt
    Now, thinking about the feeling of fear as he pedaled home along the river path, he remembered that moment of palpable, stomach-sinking terror when the aircraft had streaked above.
  76. tunic
    any of a variety of loose fitting cloaks extending to the hips or knees
    He smoothed his rumpled tunic and sat down.
  77. nosed
    having a nose (either literal or metaphoric) especially of a specified kind
    It was not a squat, fat-bellied cargo plane but a needle-nosed single-pilot jet.
  78. indoors
    within a building
    He had run indoors and stayed there, alone.
  79. daytime
    the time after sunrise and before sunset while it is light outside
    It was a lesser job, night-crew nurturing, assigned to those who lacked the interest or skills or insight for the more vital jobs of the daytime hours.
  80. contributing
    tending to bring about; being partly responsible for
    For a contributing citizen to be released from the community was a final decision, a terrible punishment, an overwhelming statement of failure.
  81. apologize
    acknowledge faults or shortcomings or failing
    He had been taken aside for a brief and serious talk by the coach, had hung his head with guilt and embarrassment, and apologized to Asher after the game.
  82. apprehensive
    in fear or dread of possible evil or harm
    Apprehensive, Jonas decided.
  83. viewing
    the display of a motion picture
    'Distraught' is too strong an adjective to describe salmon-viewing."
  84. churn
    a vessel in which cream is agitated to separate butterfat from buttermilk
    The sense of his own community silent, waiting, had made his stomach churn.
  85. frustration
    an act of hindering someone's plans or efforts
    To see him brought before her a second time caused her overwhelming feeling of frustration and anger.
  86. fake
    something that is a counterfeit; not what it seems to be
    The look was fake, Jonas knew; they all knew.
  87. awed
    inspired by a feeling of fearful wonderment or reverence
    "The Ceremony of Twelve," she whispered in an awed voice.
  88. scramble
    to move hurriedly
    Not like his friend, Asher, who talked too fast and mixed things up, scrambling words and phrases until they were barely recognizable and often very funny.
  89. smoothed
    made smooth by ironing
    He smoothed his rumpled tunic and sat down.
  90. recite
    repeat aloud from memory
    The class recited the standard response in unison.
  91. straightforward
    pointed directly ahead
    Lily's feelings were always straightforward, fairly simple, usually easy to resolve.
  92. midday
    the middle of the day
    They had to leave very early, and they had their midday meal on the bus."
  93. troubling
    causing distress or worry or anxiety
    This was especially troubling for the Nurturers, likeFather, who felt they had failed somehow.
  94. unspeakable
    defying expression or description
    No one ever mentioned it; the disgrace was unspeakable.
  95. classroom
    a room in a school where lessons take place
    Jonas grinned, remembering the morning that Asher had dashed into the classroom, late as usual, arriving breathlessly in the middle of the chanting of the morning anthem.
  96. soundly
    completely and absolutely (`good' is sometimes used informally for `thoroughly')
    But he isn't growing as fast as he should, and he doesn't sleep soundly.
  97. sleek
    having a smooth, gleaming surface reflecting light
    Squinting toward the sky, he had seen the sleek jet, almost a blur at its high speed, go past, and a second later heard the blast of sound that followed.
  98. defiant
    boldly resisting authority or an opposing force
    She held up a clenched fist and the rest of the family smiled at her small defiant gesture.
  99. unload
    leave or unload
    Occasionally, when supplies were delivered by cargo planes to the landing field across the river, the children rode their bicycles to the river bank and watched, intrigued, the unloading and then the takeoff directed to the west, always away from t