2013 State of the Union 77 words

Words from Pres. Obama's 2013 State of the Union address. Prepared text is here.
  1. full faith and credit
    a guarantee to pay interest and principal on debt; usually issued by the United States Treasury
    Let’s agree, right here, right now, to keep the people’s government open, pay our bills on time, and always uphold the full faith and credit of the United States of America.
  2. spending cut
    the act of reducing spending
    Over the last few years, both parties have worked together to reduce the deficit by more than $2.5 trillion – mostly through spending cuts, but also by raising tax rates on the wealthiest 1 percent of Americans.
  3. medical bill
    statement of charges for medical services
    We’ll bring down costs by changing the way our government pays for Medicare, because our medical bills shouldn’t be based on the number of tests ordered or days spent in the hospital – they should be based on the quality of care that our seniors receive.
  4. preschool
    an educational institution for children too young for elementary school
    But today, fewer than 3 in 10 four year-olds are enrolled in a high-quality preschool program.
  5. power grid
    a system of high tension cables by which electrical power is distributed throughout a region
    Ask any CEO where they’d rather locate and hire: a country with deteriorating roads and bridges, or one with high-speed rail and internet; high-tech schools and self-healing power grids.
  6. business leader
    a very wealthy or powerful businessman
    That’s why Democrats, Republicans, business leaders, and economists have already said that these cuts, known here in Washington as “the sequester,” are a really bad idea.
  7. food bank
    a place where food is contributed and made available to those in need
    It could mean the difference between groceries or the food bank; rent or eviction; scraping by or finally getting ahead.
  8. majorette
    a female baton twirler who accompanies a marching band
    She was a majorette.
  9. bipartisan
    supported by both sides
    On Medicare, I’m prepared to enact reforms that will achieve the same amount of health care savings by the beginning of the next decade as the reforms proposed by the bipartisan Simpson-Bowles commission.
  10. resale
    the selling of something purchased
    Senators of both parties are working together on tough new laws to prevent anyone from buying guns for resale to criminals.
  11. prescription drug
    a drug that is available only with written instructions from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist
    We’ll reduce taxpayer subsidies to prescription drug companies and ask more from the wealthiest seniors.
  12. associate degree
    a degree granted by a two-year college on successful completion of the undergraduates course of studies
    At schools like P-Tech in Brooklyn, a collaboration between New York Public Schools, the City University of New York, and IBM, students will graduate with a high school diploma and an associate degree in computers or engineering.
  13. retirement program
    a plan for setting aside money to be spent after retirement
    And those of us who care deeply about programs like Medicare must embrace the need for modest reforms – otherwise, our retirement programs will crowd out the investments we need for our children, and jeopardize the promise of a secure retirement for future generations.
  14. budget cut
    the act of reducing budgeted expenditures
    In 2011, Congress passed a law saying that if both parties couldn’t agree on a plan to reach our deficit goal, about a trillion dollars’ worth of budget cuts would automatically go into effect this year.
  15. scrape by
    manage one's existence barely
    It could mean the difference between groceries or the food bank; rent or eviction; scraping by or finally getting ahead.
  16. senior citizen
    an elderly person
    But we can’t ask senior citizens and working families to shoulder the entire burden of deficit reduction while asking nothing more from the wealthiest and most powerful.
  17. minimum wage
    the lowest wage that an employer is allowed to pay; determined by contract or by law
    But today, a full-time worker making the minimum wage earns $14,500 a year.
  18. Blacksburg
    a university town in southwestern Virginia (west of Roanoke) in the Allegheny Mountains
    The families of Oak Creek, and Tucson, and Blacksburg, and the countless other communities ripped open by gun violence – they deserve a simple vote.
  19. polling place
    a place where voters go to cast their votes in an election
    When she arrived at her polling place, she was told the wait to vote might be six hours.
  20. reignite
    ignite anew, as of something burning
    It is our generation’s task, then, to reignite the true engine of America’s economic growth – a rising, thriving middle class.
  21. elected official
    official who won the office in a free election
    The American people have worked too hard, for too long, rebuilding from one crisis to see their elected officials cause another.
  22. get ahead
    obtain advantages, such as points, etc.
    It is our unfinished task to restore the basic bargain that built this country – the idea that if you work hard and meet your responsibilities, you can get ahead, no matter where you come from, what you look like, or who you love.
  23. sequester
    keep away from others
    That’s why Democrats, Republicans, business leaders, and economists have already said that these cuts, known here in Washington as “the sequester,” are a really bad idea.
  24. decimate
    kill one in every ten, as of mutineers in Roman armies
    Factory towns decimated from years of plants packing up.
  25. scare off
    cause to lose courage
    And let’s do it without the brinksmanship that stresses consumers and scares off investors.
  26. homeowner
    someone who owns a home
    Our housing market is healing, our stock market is rebounding, and consumers, patients, and homeowners enjoy stronger protections than ever before.
  27. drug company
    a company that makes and sells pharmaceuticals
    We’ll reduce taxpayer subsidies to prescription drug companies and ask more from the wealthiest seniors.
  28. refinance
    renew the financing of
    Too many families who have never missed a payment and want to refinance are being told no.
  29. job
    a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee
    After years of grueling recession, our businesses have created over six million new jobs.
  30. tonight
    during the night of the present day
    Tonight, thanks to the grit and determination of the American people, there is much progress to report.
  31. serviceman
    someone who serves in the armed forces; a member of a military force
    Already, we have brought home 33,000 of our brave servicemen and women.
  32. equip
    provide with (something) usually for a specific purpose
    How do we equip our people with the skills needed to do those jobs?
  33. city university
    an urban university in a large city
    At schools like P-Tech in Brooklyn, a collaboration between New York Public Schools, the City University of New York, and IBM, students will graduate with a high school diploma and an associate degree in computers or engineering.
  34. control system
    a system for controlling the operation of another system
    Now our enemies are also seeking the ability to sabotage our power grid, our financial institutions, and our air traffic control systems.
  35. financial institution
    an institution (public or private) that collects funds (from the public or other institutions) and invests them in financial assets
    Now our enemies are also seeking the ability to sabotage our power grid, our financial institutions, and our air traffic control systems.
  36. firefighter
    a member of a fire department who tries to extinguish fires
    We won’t grow the middle class simply by shifting the cost of health care or college onto families that are already struggling, or by forcing communities to lay off more teachers, cops, and firefighters.
  37. security force
    a privately employed group hired to protect the security of a business or industry
    This spring, our forces will move into a support role, while Afghan security forces take the lead.
  38. heat wave
    a wave of unusually hot weather
    Heat waves, droughts, wildfires, and floods – all are now more frequent and intense.
  39. tax rate
    rate used to calculate tax liability
    Over the last few years, both parties have worked together to reduce the deficit by more than $2.5 trillion – mostly through spending cuts, but also by raising tax rates on the wealthiest 1 percent of Americans.
  40. scorecard
    (golf) a record of scores (as in golf)
    And tomorrow, my Administration will release a new “College Scorecard” that parents and students can use to compare schools based on a simple criteria: where you can get the most bang for your educational buck.
  41. run-down
    worn and broken down by hard use
    Let’s put people back to work rebuilding vacant homes in run-down neighborhoods.
  42. middle class
    the social class between the lower and upper classes
    It is our generation’s task, then, to reignite the true engine of America’s economic growth – a rising, thriving middle class.
  43. crowd out
    press, force, or thrust out of a small space
    And those of us who care deeply about programs like Medicare must embrace the need for modest reforms – otherwise, our retirement programs will crowd out the investments we need for our children, and jeopardize the promise of a secure retirement for future generations.
  44. traffic control
    control of the flow of traffic in a building or a city
    Now our enemies are also seeking the ability to sabotage our power grid, our financial institutions, and our air traffic control systems.
  45. higher education
    education provided by a college or university
    Now, even with better high schools, most young people will need some higher education.
  46. jeopardize
    pose a threat to; present a danger to
    These sudden, harsh, arbitrary cuts would jeopardize our military readiness.
  47. well-connected
    connected by blood or close acquaintance with people of wealth or social position
    To hit the rest of our deficit reduction target, we should do what leaders in both parties have already suggested, and save hundreds of billions of dollars by getting rid of tax loopholes and deductions for the well-off and well-connected.
  48. structurally
    with respect to structure
    Tonight, I propose a “Fix-It-First” program to put people to work as soon as possible on our most urgent repairs, like the nearly 70,000 structurally deficient bridges across the country.
  49. infiltrate
    pass through an enemy line; in a military conflict
    We know hackers steal people’s identities and infiltrate private e-mail.
  50. high-tech
    resembling or making use of highly advanced technology or devices
    So tonight, I’m announcing the launch of three more of these manufacturing hubs, where businesses will partner with the Departments of Defense and Energy to turn regions left behind by globalization into global centers of high-tech jobs.
  51. nuclear weapon
    a weapon of mass destruction whose explosive power derives from a nuclear reaction
    Likewise, the leaders of Iran must recognize that now is the time for a diplomatic solution, because a coalition stands united in demanding that they meet their obligations, and we will do what is necessary to prevent them from getting a nuclear weapon.
  52. Arabian Peninsula
    a peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf; strategically important for its oil resources
    Different al Qaeda affiliates and extremist groups have emerged – from the Arabian Peninsula to Africa.
  53. skyrocket
    propels bright light high in the sky, or used to propel a lifesaving line or harpoon
    But today, skyrocketing costs price way too many young people out of a higher education, or saddle them with unsustainable debt.
  54. tax break
    a tax deduction that is granted in order to encourage a particular type of commercial activity
    After all, why would we choose to make deeper cuts to education and Medicare just to protect special interest tax breaks?
  55. solar energy
    energy from the sun that is converted into thermal or electrical energy
    Solar energy gets cheaper by the year – so let’s drive costs down even further.
  56. fatherhood
    the kinship relation between an offspring and the father
    And we’ll work to strengthen families by removing the financial deterrents to marriage for low-income couples, and doing more to encourage fatherhood – because what makes you a man isn’t the ability to conceive a child; it’s having the courage to raise one.
  57. impoverish
    make poor
    We also know that progress in the most impoverished parts of our world enriches us all.
  58. Qaeda
    a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries
    Because of them, we can say with confidence that America will complete its mission in Afghanistan, and achieve our objective of defeating the core of al Qaeda.
  59. well-off
    fortunately situated
    To hit the rest of our deficit reduction target, we should do what leaders in both parties have already suggested, and save hundreds of billions of dollars by getting rid of tax loopholes and deductions for the well-off and well-connected.
  60. redesign
    design anew, make a new design for
    Tonight, I’m announcing a new challenge to redesign America’s high schools so they better equip graduates for the demands of a high-tech economy.
  61. affiliate
    join in an affiliation
    We are negotiating an agreement with the Afghan government that focuses on two missions: training and equipping Afghan forces so that the country does not again slip into chaos, and counter-terrorism efforts that allow us to pursue the remnants of al Qaeda and their affiliates.
  62. Medicare
    health care for the aged; a federally administered system of health insurance available to persons aged 65 and over
    Now, some in this Congress have proposed preventing only the defense cuts by making even bigger cuts to things like education and job training; Medicare and Social Security benefits.
  63. devastate
    cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly
    They’d devastate priorities like education, energy, and medical research.
  64. erupt
    start abruptly
    And they erupted in cheers when she finally put on a sticker that read “I Voted.”
  65. wildfire
    a raging and rapidly spreading conflagration
    Heat waves, droughts, wildfires, and floods – all are now more frequent and intense.
  66. streamline
    contour economically or efficiently
    Let’s streamline the process, and help our economy grow.
  67. tax credit
    a direct reduction in tax liability (not dependent on the taxpayer's tax bracket)
    Through tax credits, grants, and better loans, we have made college more affordable for millions of students and families over the last few years.
  68. invest
    make an investment
    It’s not a bigger government we need, but a smarter government that sets priorities and invests in broad-based growth.
  69. wage
    something that remunerates
    Corporate profits have rocketed to all-time highs – but for more than a decade, wages and incomes have barely budged.
  70. rebuild
    build again
    The American people have worked too hard, for too long, rebuilding from one crisis to see their elected officials cause another.
  71. preventable
    capable of being prevented
    So the United States will join with our allies to eradicate such extreme poverty in the next two decades: by connecting more people to the global economy and empowering women; by giving our young and brightest minds new opportunities to serve and helping communities to feed, power, and educate themselves; by saving the world’s children from preventable deaths; and by realizing the promise of an AIDS-free generation.
  72. legal status
    a status defined by law
    It’s a word that doesn’t just describe our nationality or legal status.
  73. taxpayer
    someone who pays taxes
    We’ll reduce taxpayer subsidies to prescription drug companies and ask more from the wealthiest seniors.
  74. commonsense
    exhibiting native good judgment
    Overwhelming majorities of Americans – Americans who believe in the 2nd Amendment – have come together around commonsense reform – like background checks that will make it harder for criminals to get their hands on a gun.
  75. deficit
    the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required
    Over the last few years, both parties have worked together to reduce the deficit by more than $2.5 trillion – mostly through spending cuts, but also by raising tax rates on the wealthiest 1 percent of Americans.
  76. unite
    join or combine
    Let’s agree, right here, right now, to keep the people’s government open, pay our bills on time, and always uphold the full faith and credit of the United States of America.
  77. community college
    a nonresidential junior college offering a curriculum fitted to the needs of the community
    Right now, countries like Germany focus on graduating their high school students with the equivalent of a technical degree from one of our community colleges, so that they’re ready for a job.