Obama's 2013 State of the Union 100 words

Words from Pres. Obama's 2013 State of the Union address. Prepared text is here.
  1. chamber
    a deliberative or legislative or administrative or judicial assembly
    Fifty-one years ago, John F. Kennedy declared to this Chamber that “the Constitution makes us not rivals for power but partners for progress…It is my task,” he said, “to report the State of the Union – to improve it is the task of us all.”
  2. decade
    a period of 10 years
    After a decade of grinding war, our brave men and women in uniform are coming home.
  3. grueling
    characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort
    After years of grueling recession, our businesses have created over six million new jobs.
  4. consumer
    a person who uses goods or services
    Our housing market is healing, our stock market is rebounding, and consumers, patients, and homeowners enjoy stronger protections than ever before.
  5. rubble
    the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up
    Together, we have cleared away the rubble of crisis, and can say with renewed confidence that the state of our union is stronger.
  6. dedication
    complete and wholehearted fidelity
    But we gather here knowing that there are millions of Americans whose hard work and dedication have not yet been rewarded.
  7. generation
    all the people living at the same time or of approximately the same age
    It is our generation’s task, then, to reignite the true engine of America’s economic growth – a rising, thriving middle class.
  8. compromise
    an accommodation in which both sides make concessions
    They do expect us to forge reasonable compromise where we can.
  9. recovery
    return to an original state
    Our work must begin by making some basic decisions about our budget – decisions that will have a huge impact on the strength of our recovery.
  10. deficit
    an excess of liabilities over assets (usually over a certain period)
    Over the last few years, both parties have worked together to reduce the deficit by more than $2.5 trillion – mostly through spending cuts, but also by raising tax rates on the wealthiest 1 percent of Americans.
  11. economist
    an expert in the science of economics
    As a result, we are more than halfway towards the goal of $4 trillion in deficit reduction that economists say we need to stabilize our finances.
  12. stabilize
    support or hold steady and make steadfast, with or as if with a brace
    As a result, we are more than halfway towards the goal of $4 trillion in deficit reduction that economists say we need to stabilize our finances.
  13. effect
    (of a law) having legal validity
    In 2011, Congress passed a law saying that if both parties couldn’t agree on a plan to reach our deficit goal, about a trillion dollars’ worth of budget cuts would automatically go into effect this year.
  14. arbitrary
    based on or subject to individual discretion or preference or sometimes impulse or caprice
    These sudden, harsh, arbitrary cuts would jeopardize our military readiness.
  15. jeopardize
    pose a threat to; present a danger to
    These sudden, harsh, arbitrary cuts would jeopardize our military readiness.
  16. devastate
    cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly
    They’d devastate priorities like education, energy, and medical research.
  17. sequester
    keep away from others
    That’s why Democrats, Republicans, business leaders, and economists have already said that these cuts, known here in Washington as “the sequester,” are a really bad idea.
  18. propose
    present for consideration, examination, criticism, etc.
    Now, some in this Congress have proposed preventing only the defense cuts by making even bigger cuts to things like education and job training; Medicare and Social Security benefits.
  19. benefit
    something that aids or promotes well-being
    Now, some in this Congress have proposed preventing only the defense cuts by making even bigger cuts to things like education and job training; Medicare and Social Security benefits.
  20. population
    the people who inhabit a territory or state
    Yes, the biggest driver of our long-term debt is the rising cost of health care for an aging population.
  21. modest
    marked by simplicity; having a humble opinion of yourself
    And those of us who care deeply about programs like Medicare must embrace the need for modest reforms – otherwise, our retirement programs will crowd out the investments we need for our children, and jeopardize the promise of a secure retirement for future generations.
  22. burden
    weight to be borne or conveyed
    But we can’t ask senior citizens and working families to shoulder the entire burden of deficit reduction while asking nothing more from the wealthiest and most powerful.
  23. community
    a group of people living in a particular local area
    We won’t grow the middle class simply by shifting the cost of health care or college onto families that are already struggling, or by forcing communities to lay off more teachers, cops, and firefighters.
  24. prosperity
    the condition of prospering; having good fortune
    Most Americans – Democrats, Republicans, and Independents – understand that we can’t just cut our way to prosperity.
  25. revenue
    the entire amount of income before any deductions are made
    They know that broad-based economic growth requires a balanced approach to deficit reduction, with spending cuts and revenue, and with everybody doing their fair share.
  26. enact
    order by virtue of superior authority; decree
    On Medicare, I’m prepared to enact reforms that will achieve the same amount of health care savings by the beginning of the next decade as the reforms proposed by the bipartisan Simpson-Bowles commission.
  27. bipartisan
    supported by both sides
    On Medicare, I’m prepared to enact reforms that will achieve the same amount of health care savings by the beginning of the next decade as the reforms proposed by the bipartisan Simpson-Bowles commission.
  28. subsidy
    a grant paid by a government to an enterprise that benefits the public
    We’ll reduce taxpayer subsidies to prescription drug companies and ask more from the wealthiest seniors.
  29. violate
    fail to agree with; be in violation of; as of rules or patterns
    And I am open to additional reforms from both parties, so long as they don’t violate the guarantee of a secure retirement.
  30. guarantee
    an unconditional commitment that something will happen or that something is true
    And I am open to additional reforms from both parties, so long as they don’t violate the guarantee of a secure retirement.
  31. deduction
    an amount or percentage deducted
    To hit the rest of our deficit reduction target, we should do what leaders in both parties have already suggested, and save hundreds of billions of dollars by getting rid of tax loopholes and deductions for the well-off and well-connected.
  32. protect
    shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage
    After all, why would we choose to make deeper cuts to education and Medicare just to protect special interest tax breaks?
  33. promote
    give a promotion to or assign to a higher position
    How does that promote growth?
  34. comprehensive
    including all or everything
    Now is our best chance for bipartisan, comprehensive tax reform that encourages job creation and helps bring down the deficit.
  35. code
    a set of rules or principles or laws (especially written ones)
    The American people deserve a tax code that helps small businesses spend less time filling out complicated forms, and more time expanding and hiring; a tax code that ensures billionaires with high-powered accountants can’t pay a lower rate than their hard-working secretaries; a tax code that lowers incentives to move jobs overseas, and lowers tax rates for businesses and manufacturers that create jobs right here in America.
  36. ensure
    make certain of
    The American people deserve a tax code that helps small businesses spend less time filling out complicated forms, and more time expanding and hiring; a tax code that ensures billionaires with high-powered accountants can’t pay a lower rate than their hard-working secretaries; a tax code that lowers incentives to move jobs overseas, and lowers tax rates for businesses and manufacturers that create jobs right here in America.
  37. incentive
    a positive motivational influence
    The American people deserve a tax code that helps small businesses spend less time filling out complicated forms, and more time expanding and hiring; a tax code that ensures billionaires with high-powered accountants can’t pay a lower rate than their hard-working secretaries; a tax code that lowers incentives to move jobs overseas, and lowers tax rates for businesses and manufacturers that create jobs right here in America.
  38. entitlement
    right granted by law or contract (especially a right to benefits)
    I realize that tax reform and entitlement reform won’t be easy.
  39. hardship
    something hard to endure
    But the alternative will cost us jobs, hurt our economy, and visit hardship on millions of hardworking Americans.
  40. reckless
    marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences
    So let’s set party interests aside, and work to pass a budget that replaces reckless cuts with smart savings and wise investments in our future.
  41. drift
    wander from a direct course or at random
    The greatest nation on Earth cannot keep conducting its business by drifting from one manufactured crisis to the next.
  42. uphold
    stand up for; stick up for; of causes, principles, or ideals
    Let’s agree, right here, right now, to keep the people’s government open, pay our bills on time, and always uphold the full faith and credit of the United States of America.
  43. agenda
    a list of matters to be taken up (as at a meeting)
    Now, most of us agree that a plan to reduce the deficit must be part of our agenda.
  44. equip
    provide with abilities or understanding
    How do we equip our people with the skills needed to do those jobs?
  45. decent
    sufficient for the purpose
    And how do we make sure that hard work leads to a decent living?
  46. framework
    the underlying structure
    Tonight, I’ll lay out additional proposals that are fully paid for and fully consistent with the budget framework both parties agreed to just 18 months ago.
  47. accelerate
    cause to move faster
    There are things we can do, right now, to accelerate this trend.
  48. innovation
    the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new
    Last year, we created our first manufacturing innovation institute in Youngstown, Ohio.
  49. potential
    the inherent capacity for coming into being
    A once-shuttered warehouse is now a state-of-the art lab where new workers are mastering the 3D printing that has the potential to revolutionize the way we make almost everything.
  50. revolution
    a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving
    And I ask this Congress to help create a network of fifteen of these hubs and guarantee that the next revolution in manufacturing is Made in America.
  51. genome
    the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism; the full DNA sequence of an organism
    Every dollar we invested to map the human genome returned $140 to our economy.
  52. poised
    marked by balance or equilibrium and readiness for action
    After years of talking about it, we are finally poised to control our own energy future.
  53. emission
    a substance that is emitted or released
    And over the last four years, our emissions of the dangerous carbon pollution that threatens our planet have actually fallen.
  54. coincidence
    the temporal property of two things happening at the same time
    We can choose to believe that Superstorm Sandy, and the most severe drought in decades, and the worst wildfires some states have ever seen were all just a freak coincidence.
  55. overwhelming
    so strong as to be irresistible
    Or we can choose to believe in the overwhelming judgment of science – and act before it’s too late.
  56. consequence
    the outcome of an event especially as relative to an individual
    I will direct my Cabinet to come up with executive actions we can take, now and in the future, to reduce pollution, prepare our communities for the consequences of climate change, and speed the transition to more sustainable sources of energy.
  57. fund
    furnish money for
    So tonight, I propose we use some of our oil and gas revenues to fund an Energy Security Trust that will drive new research and technology to shift our cars and trucks off oil for good.
  58. partisan
    a fervent and even militant proponent of something
    If a non- partisan coalition of CEOs and retired generals and admirals can get behind this idea, then so can we.
  59. sector
    a particular aspect of life or activity
    America’s energy sector is just one part of an aging infrastructure badly in need of repair.
  60. infrastructure
    the basic structure or features of a system or organization
    America’s energy sector is just one part of an aging infrastructure badly in need of repair.
  61. deteriorate
    become worse or disintegrate
    Ask any CEO where they’d rather locate and hire: a country with deteriorating roads and bridges, or one with high-speed rail and internet; high-tech schools and self-healing power grids.
  62. deficient
    falling short of some prescribed norm
    Tonight, I propose a “Fix-It-First” program to put people to work as soon as possible on our most urgent repairs, like the nearly 70,000 structurally deficient bridges across the country.
  63. withstand
    resist or confront with resistance
    And to make sure taxpayers don’t shoulder the whole burden, I’m also proposing a Partnership to Rebuild America that attracts private capital to upgrade what our businesses need most: modern ports to move our goods; modern pipelines to withstand a storm; modern schools worthy of our children.
  64. involve
    contain as a part
    Part of our rebuilding effort must also involve our housing sector.
  65. entrepreneur
    someone who organizes a business venture and assumes the risk for it
    These initiatives in manufacturing, energy, infrastructure, and housing will help entrepreneurs and small business owners expand and create new jobs.
  66. enroll
    register formally as a participant or member
    But today, fewer than 3 in 10 four year-olds are enrolled in a high-quality preschool program.
  67. boost
    increase
    Every dollar we invest in high-quality early education can save more than seven dollars later on – by boosting graduation rates, reducing teen pregnancy, even reducing violent crime.
  68. equivalent
    being essentially equal to something
    Right now, countries like Germany focus on graduating their high school students with the equivalent of a technical degree from one of our community colleges, so that they’re ready for a job.
  69. curriculum
    an integrated course of academic studies
    Four years ago, we started Race to the Top – a competition that convinced almost every state to develop smarter curricula and higher standards, for about 1 percent of what we spend on education each year.
  70. subsidize
    support through subsidies
    But taxpayers cannot continue to subsidize the soaring cost of higher education.
  71. criterion
    a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated
    And tomorrow, my Administration will release a new “College Scorecard” that parents and students can use to compare schools based on a simple criteria: where you can get the most bang for your educational buck.
  72. ingenuity
    the power of creative imagination
    Our economy is stronger when we harness the talents and ingenuity of striving, hopeful immigrants.
  73. bureaucracy
    any organization in which action is obstructed by insistence on unnecessary procedures and red tape
    And real reform means fixing the legal immigration system to cut waiting periods, reduce bureaucracy, and attract the highly-skilled entrepreneurs and engineers that will help create jobs and grow our economy.
  74. draft
    draw up an outline or sketch for something
    As we speak, bipartisan groups in both chambers are working diligently to draft a bill, and I applaud their efforts.
  75. discrimination
    unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice
    We know our economy is stronger when our wives, mothers, and daughters can live their lives free from discrimination in the workplace, and free from the fear of domestic violence.
  76. virtually
    in essence or effect but not in fact
    Tonight, let’s also recognize that there are communities in this country where no matter how hard you work, it’s virtually impossible to get ahead.
  77. destiny
    an event (or a course of events) that will inevitably happen in the future
    America is not a place where chance of birth or circumstance should decide our destiny.
  78. vacant
    without an occupant or incumbent
    Let’s put people back to work rebuilding vacant homes in run-down neighborhoods.
  79. deterrent
    something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress
    And we’ll work to strengthen families by removing the financial deterrents to marriage for low-income couples, and doing more to encourage fatherhood – because what makes you a man isn’t the ability to conceive a child; it’s having the courage to raise one.
  80. sacrifice
    a loss entailed by giving up or selling something at less than its value
    Tonight, we stand united in saluting the troops and civilians who sacrifice every day to protect us.
  81. sovereign
    (of political bodies) not controlled by outside forces
    Beyond 2014, America’s commitment to a unified and sovereign Afghanistan will endure, but the nature of our commitment will change.
  82. terrorist
    a radical who employs terror as a political weapon; usually organizes with other terrorists in small cells; often uses religion as a cover for terrorist activities
    Instead, we will need to help countries like Yemen, Libya, and Somalia provide for their own security, and help allies who take the fight to terrorists, as we have in Mali.
  83. durable
    existing for a long time
    That is why my Administration has worked tirelessly to forge a durable legal and policy framework to guide our counterterrorism operations.
  84. democracy
    a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
    I recognize that in our democracy, no one should just take my word that we’re doing things the right way.
  85. diplomatic
    relating to or characteristic of diplomacy
    Likewise, the leaders of Iran must recognize that now is the time for a diplomatic solution, because a coalition stands united in demanding that they meet their obligations, and we will do what is necessary to prevent them from getting a nuclear weapon.
  86. arsenal
    all the weapons and equipment that a country has
    At the same time, we will engage Russia to seek further reductions in our nuclear arsenals, and continue leading the global effort to secure nuclear materials that could fall into the wrong hands – because our ability to influence others depends on our willingness to lead.
  87. sabotage
    a deliberate act of destruction or disruption in which equipment is damaged
    Now our enemies are also seeking the ability to sabotage our power grid, our financial institutions, and our air traffic control systems.
  88. eradicate
    destroy completely, as if down to the roots
    So the United States will join with our allies to eradicate such extreme poverty in the next two decades: by connecting more people to the global economy and empowering women; by giving our young and brightest minds new opportunities to serve and helping communities to feed, power, and educate themselves; by saving the world’s children from preventable deaths; and by realizing the promise of an AIDS-free generation.
  89. fundamental
    being or involving basic facts or principles
    The process will be messy, and we cannot presume to dictate the course of change in countries like Egypt; but we can – and will – insist on respect for the fundamental rights of all people.
  90. steadfast
    marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable
    And we will stand steadfast with Israel in pursuit of security and a lasting peace.
  91. pursuit
    the act of pursuing in an effort to overtake or capture
    And we will stand steadfast with Israel in pursuit of security and a lasting peace.
  92. diplomat
    an official engaged in international negotiations
    All this work depends on the courage and sacrifice of those who serve in dangerous places at great personal risk – our diplomats, our intelligence officers, and the men and women of the United States Armed Forces.
  93. intelligence
    a unit responsible for gathering and interpreting information about an enemy
    All this work depends on the courage and sacrifice of those who serve in dangerous places at great personal risk – our diplomats, our intelligence officers, and the men and women of the United States Armed Forces.
  94. veteran
    a person who has served in the armed forces
    We will keep faith with our veterans – investing in world-class care, including mental health care, for our wounded warriors; supporting our military families; and giving our veterans the benefits, education, and job opportunities they have earned.
  95. ideal
    model of excellence or perfection of a kind; one having no equal
    When any Americans – no matter where they live or what their party – are denied that right simply because they can’t wait for five, six, seven hours just to cast their ballot, we are betraying our ideals.
  96. amendment
    a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)
    Overwhelming majorities of Americans – Americans who believe in the 2nd Amendment – have come together around commonsense reform – like background checks that will make it harder for criminals to get their hands on a gun.
  97. ammunition
    projectiles to be fired from a gun
    Police chiefs are asking our help to get weapons of war and massive ammunition magazines off our streets, because they are tired of being outgunned.
  98. inauguration
    the ceremonial induction into a position
    Just three weeks ago, she was here, in Washington, with her classmates, performing for her country at my inauguration.
  99. administrative
    of or relating to or responsible for administration
    Indeed, no laws, no initiatives, no administrative acts will perfectly solve all the challenges I’ve outlined tonight.
  100. perfect
    being complete of its kind and without defect or blemish
    But we were never sent here to be perfect.