President Obama's second inaugural address

Words from the text of President Barack Obama's second inaugural address on Jan. 21, 2013. Transcript here.
definitions & notes only words
  1. distinguished
    standing above others in character or attainment
    Vice President Biden, Mr. Chief Justice, Members of the United States Congress, distinguished guests, and fellow citizens:
  2. citizen
    a native or naturalized member of a state
    Vice President Biden, Mr. Chief Justice, Members of the United States Congress, distinguished guests, and fellow citizens:
  3. gather
    assemble or get together
    Each time we gather to inaugurate a president, we bear witness to the enduring strength of our Constitution.
  4. inaugurate
    commence officially
    Each time we gather to inaugurate a president, we bear witness to the enduring strength of our Constitution.
  5. enduring
    unceasing
    Each time we gather to inaugurate a president, we bear witness to the enduring strength of our Constitution.
  6. Constitution
    the constitution written at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 and subsequently ratified by the original thirteen states
    Each time we gather to inaugurate a president, we bear witness to the enduring strength of our Constitution.
  7. affirm
    to declare solemnly and formally as true
    We affirm the promise of our democracy.
  8. promise
    a verbal commitment agreeing to do something in the future
    We affirm the promise of our democracy.
  9. democracy
    the orientation of those who favor government by the people
    We affirm the promise of our democracy.
  10. recall
    bring to mind
    We recall that what binds this nation together is not the colors of our skin or the tenets of our faith or the origins of our names.
  11. tenet
    a religious doctrine proclaimed as true without proof
    We recall that what binds this nation together is not the colors of our skin or the tenets of our faith or the origins of our names.
  12. faith
    an institution to express belief in a divine power
    We recall that what binds this nation together is not the colors of our skin or the tenets of our faith or the origins of our names.
  13. origin
    the place where something begins
    We recall that what binds this nation together is not the colors of our skin or the tenets of our faith or the origins of our names.
  14. exceptional
    surpassing what is common or usual or expected
    What makes us exceptional – what makes us American – is our allegiance to an idea, articulated in a declaration made more than two centuries ago:
  15. allegiance
    the act of binding yourself to a course of action
    What makes us exceptional – what makes us American – is our allegiance to an idea, articulated in a declaration made more than two centuries ago:
  16. articulate
    express or state clearly
    What makes us exceptional – what makes us American – is our allegiance to an idea, articulated in a declaration made more than two centuries ago:
  17. declaration
    a statement that is emphatic and explicit
    What makes us exceptional – what makes us American – is our allegiance to an idea, articulated in a declaration made more than two centuries ago:
  18. century
    a period of 100 years
    What makes us exceptional – what makes us American – is our allegiance to an idea, articulated in a declaration made more than two centuries ago:
  19. equal
    having the same quantity, value, or measure as another
    “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”
  20. endowed
    provided or supplied or equipped with
    “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”
  21. Creator
    terms referring to the Judeo-Christian God
    “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”
  22. unalienable
    incapable of being repudiated or transferred to another
    “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”
  23. liberty
    freedom of choice
    “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”
  24. pursuit
    the act of following in an effort to overtake or capture
    “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”
  25. happiness
    state of well-being characterized by contentment and joy
    “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness.”
  26. journey
    the act of traveling from one place to another
    Today we continue a never-ending journey, to bridge the meaning of those words with the realities of our time.
  27. meaning
    the message that is intended or expressed or signified
    Today we continue a never-ending journey, to bridge the meaning of those words with the realities of our time.
  28. reality
    the state of being actual
    Today we continue a never-ending journey, to bridge the meaning of those words with the realities of our time.
  29. secure
    free from danger or risk
    For history tells us that while these truths may be self-evident, they have never been self-executing; that while freedom is a gift from God, it must be secured by His people here on Earth.
  30. patriot
    one who loves and defends his or her country
    The patriots of 1776 did not fight to replace the tyranny of a king with the privileges of a few or the rule of a mob.
  31. replace
    put something back where it belongs
    The patriots of 1776 did not fight to replace the tyranny of a king with the privileges of a few or the rule of a mob.
  32. tyranny
    government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator
    The patriots of 1776 did not fight to replace the tyranny of a king with the privileges of a few or the rule of a mob.
  33. privilege
    a special advantage or benefit not enjoyed by all
    The patriots of 1776 did not fight to replace the tyranny of a king with the privileges of a few or the rule of a mob.
  34. republic
    a form of government whose head of state is not a monarch
    They gave to us a Republic, a government of, and by, and for the people, entrusting each generation to keep safe our founding creed.
  35. entrust
    put into the care or protection of someone
    They gave to us a Republic, a government of, and by, and for the people, entrusting each generation to keep safe our founding creed.
  36. generation
    group of genetically related organisms in a line of descent
    They gave to us a Republic, a government of, and by, and for the people, entrusting each generation to keep safe our founding creed.
  37. creed
    any system of principles or beliefs
    They gave to us a Republic, a government of, and by, and for the people, entrusting each generation to keep safe our founding creed.
  38. learn
    find out or determine with certainty by making an inquiry
    Through blood drawn by lash and blood drawn by sword, we learned that no union founded on the principles of liberty and equality could survive half-slave and half-free.
  39. principle
    a basic generalization that is accepted as true
    Through blood drawn by lash and blood drawn by sword, we learned that no union founded on the principles of liberty and equality could survive half-slave and half-free.
  40. equality
    the quality of being the same in quantity or value
    Through blood drawn by lash and blood drawn by sword, we learned that no union founded on the principles of liberty and equality could survive half-slave and half-free.
  41. survive
    continue in existence after
    Through blood drawn by lash and blood drawn by sword, we learned that no union founded on the principles of liberty and equality could survive half-slave and half-free.
  42. vow
    promise
    We made ourselves anew, and vowed to move forward together.
  43. determine
    establish after a calculation, investigation, or experiment
    Together, we determined that a modern economy requires railroads and highways to speed travel and commerce; schools and colleges to train our workers.
  44. modern
    belonging to the contemporary era
    Together, we determined that a modern economy requires railroads and highways to speed travel and commerce; schools and colleges to train our workers.
  45. economy
    the system of production and distribution and consumption
    Together, we determined that a modern economy requires railroads and highways to speed travel and commerce; schools and colleges to train our workers.
  46. require
    have need of
    Together, we determined that a modern economy requires railroads and highways to speed travel and commerce; schools and colleges to train our workers.
  47. speed
    cause to move faster
    Together, we determined that a modern economy requires railroads and highways to speed travel and commerce; schools and colleges to train our workers.
  48. commerce
    transactions supplying goods and services
    Together, we determined that a modern economy requires railroads and highways to speed travel and commerce; schools and colleges to train our workers.
  49. college
    an institution of higher education
    Together, we determined that a modern economy requires railroads and highways to speed travel and commerce; schools and colleges to train our workers.
  50. discover
    determine the existence, presence, or fact of
    Together, we discovered that a free market only thrives when there are rules to ensure competition and fair play.
  51. thrive
    grow vigorously
    Together, we discovered that a free market only thrives when there are rules to ensure competition and fair play.
  52. ensure
    make certain of
    Together, we discovered that a free market only thrives when there are rules to ensure competition and fair play.
  53. competition
    business relation in which two parties vie to gain customers
    Together, we discovered that a free market only thrives when there are rules to ensure competition and fair play.
  54. vulnerable
    susceptible to attack
    Together, we resolved that a great nation must care for the vulnerable, and protect its people from life’s worst hazards and misfortune.
  55. protect
    shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage
    Together, we resolved that a great nation must care for the vulnerable, and protect its people from life’s worst hazards and misfortune.
  56. hazard
    an unpredictable phenomenon that causes a certain result
    Together, we resolved that a great nation must care for the vulnerable, and protect its people from life’s worst hazards and misfortune.
  57. misfortune
    a state resulting from unfavorable outcomes
    Together, we resolved that a great nation must care for the vulnerable, and protect its people from life’s worst hazards and misfortune.
  58. relinquish
    turn away from; give up
    Through it all, we have never relinquished our skepticism of central authority, nor have we succumbed to the fiction that all society’s ills can be cured through government alone.
  59. skepticism
    doubt about the truth of something
    Through it all, we have never relinquished our skepticism of central authority, nor have we succumbed to the fiction that all society’s ills can be cured through government alone.
  60. authority
    the power or right to give orders or make decisions
    Through it all, we have never relinquished our skepticism of central authority, nor have we succumbed to the fiction that all society’s ills can be cured through government alone.
  61. succumb
    consent reluctantly
    Through it all, we have never relinquished our skepticism of central authority, nor have we succumbed to the fiction that all society’s ills can be cured through government alone.
  62. fiction
    a deliberately false or improbable account
    Through it all, we have never relinquished our skepticism of central authority, nor have we succumbed to the fiction that all society’s ills can be cured through government alone.
  63. society
    an extended group having a distinctive cultural organization
    Through it all, we have never relinquished our skepticism of central authority, nor have we succumbed to the fiction that all society’s ills can be cured through government alone.
  64. celebration
    a joyful occasion for festivities to mark some happy event
    Our celebration of initiative and enterprise; our insistence on hard work and personal responsibility, are constants in our character.
  65. initiative
    readiness to embark on bold new ventures
    Our celebration of initiative and enterprise; our insistence on hard work and personal responsibility, are constants in our character.
  66. enterprise
    a purposeful or industrious undertaking
    Our celebration of initiative and enterprise; our insistence on hard work and personal responsibility, are constants in our character.
  67. personal
    concerning an individual or his or her private life
    Our celebration of initiative and enterprise; our insistence on hard work and personal responsibility, are constants in our character.
  68. responsibility
    the social force that binds you to a course of action
    Our celebration of initiative and enterprise; our insistence on hard work and personal responsibility, are constants in our character.
  69. constant
    a quantity that does not vary
    Our celebration of initiative and enterprise; our insistence on hard work and personal responsibility, are constants in our character.
  70. character
    a property that defines the individual nature of something
    Our celebration of initiative and enterprise; our insistence on hard work and personal responsibility, are constants in our character.
  71. fidelity
    the quality of being faithful
    But we have always understood that when times change, so must we; that fidelity to our founding principles requires new responses to new challenges; that preserving our individual freedoms ultimately requires collective action.
  72. response
    the manner in which something is greeted
    But we have always understood that when times change, so must we; that fidelity to our founding principles requires new responses to new challenges; that preserving our individual freedoms ultimately requires collective action.
  73. challenge
    a call to engage in a contest or fight
    But we have always understood that when times change, so must we; that fidelity to our founding principles requires new responses to new challenges; that preserving our individual freedoms ultimately requires collective action.
  74. preserve
    keep in safety and protect from harm, loss, or destruction
    But we have always understood that when times change, so must we; that fidelity to our founding principles requires new responses to new challenges; that preserving our individual freedoms ultimately requires collective action.
  75. individual
    being or characteristic of a single thing or person
    But we have always understood that when times change, so must we; that fidelity to our founding principles requires new responses to new challenges; that preserving our individual freedoms ultimately requires collective action.
  76. ultimately
    as the end result of a succession or process
    But we have always understood that when times change, so must we; that fidelity to our founding principles requires new responses to new challenges; that preserving our individual freedoms ultimately requires collective action.
  77. collective
    done by or characteristic of individuals acting together
    But we have always understood that when times change, so must we; that fidelity to our founding principles requires new responses to new challenges; that preserving our individual freedoms ultimately requires collective action.
  78. demand
    a condition requiring relief
    For the American people can no more meet the demands of today’s world by acting alone than American soldiers could have met the forces of fascism or communism with muskets and militias.
  79. soldier
    an enlisted man or woman who serves in an army
    For the American people can no more meet the demands of today’s world by acting alone than American soldiers could have met the forces of fascism or communism with muskets and militias.
  80. fascism
    a political theory advocating an authoritarian government
    For the American people can no more meet the demands of today’s world by acting alone than American soldiers could have met the forces of fascism or communism with muskets and militias.
  81. communism
    a theory favoring collectivism in a classless society
    For the American people can no more meet the demands of today’s world by acting alone than American soldiers could have met the forces of fascism or communism with muskets and militias.
  82. militia
    civilians trained as soldiers, not part of the regular army
    For the American people can no more meet the demands of today’s world by acting alone than American soldiers could have met the forces of fascism or communism with muskets and militias.
  83. equip
    provide with, usually for a specific purpose
    No single person can train all the math and science teachers we’ll need to equip our children for the future, or build the roads and networks and research labs that will bring new jobs and businesses to our shores.
  84. future
    the time yet to come
    No single person can train all the math and science teachers we’ll need to equip our children for the future, or build the roads and networks and research labs that will bring new jobs and businesses to our shores.
  85. research
    a seeking for knowledge
    No single person can train all the math and science teachers we’ll need to equip our children for the future, or build the roads and networks and research labs that will bring new jobs and businesses to our shores.
  86. crisis
    a crucial stage or turning point in the course of something
    This generation of Americans has been tested by crises that steeled our resolve and proved our resilience.
  87. prove
    provide evidence for
    This generation of Americans has been tested by crises that steeled our resolve and proved our resilience.
  88. resilience
    an occurrence of rebounding or springing back
    This generation of Americans has been tested by crises that steeled our resolve and proved our resilience.
  89. decade
    a period of 10 years
    A decade of war is now ending.
  90. economic
    of or relating to production and management of wealth
    An economic recovery has begun.
  91. recovery
    the act of regaining or saving something lost
    An economic recovery has begun.
  92. possibility
    capability of existing or happening or being true
    America’s possibilities are limitless, for we possess all the qualities that this world without boundaries demands: youth and drive; diversity and openness; an endless capacity for risk and a gift for reinvention.
  93. possess
    have ownership of
    America’s possibilities are limitless, for we possess all the qualities that this world without boundaries demands: youth and drive; diversity and openness; an endless capacity for risk and a gift for reinvention.
  94. quality
    an essential and distinguishing attribute of something
    America’s possibilities are limitless, for we possess all the qualities that this world without boundaries demands: youth and drive; diversity and openness; an endless capacity for risk and a gift for reinvention.
  95. boundary
    the line indicating the limit or extent of something
    America’s possibilities are limitless, for we possess all the qualities that this world without boundaries demands: youth and drive; diversity and openness; an endless capacity for risk and a gift for reinvention.
  96. diversity
    noticeable heterogeneity
    America’s possibilities are limitless, for we possess all the qualities that this world without boundaries demands: youth and drive; diversity and openness; an endless capacity for risk and a gift for reinvention.
  97. capacity
    capability to perform or produce
    America’s possibilities are limitless, for we possess all the qualities that this world without boundaries demands: youth and drive; diversity and openness; an endless capacity for risk and a gift for reinvention.
  98. risk
    a venture undertaken without regard to loss or injury
    America’s possibilities are limitless, for we possess all the qualities that this world without boundaries demands: youth and drive; diversity and openness; an endless capacity for risk and a gift for reinvention.
  99. seize
    take hold of; grab
    My fellow Americans, we are made for this moment, and we will seize it – so long as we seize it together.
  100. succeed
    attain success or reach a desired goal
    For we, the people, understand that our country cannot succeed when a shrinking few do very well and a growing many barely make it.
  101. shrink
    decrease in size, range, or extent
    For we, the people, understand that our country cannot succeed when a shrinking few do very well and a growing many barely make it.
  102. barely
    in a sparse or scanty way
    For we, the people, understand that our country cannot succeed when a shrinking few do very well and a growing many barely make it.
  103. prosperity
    the condition of having good fortune
    We believe that America’s prosperity must rest upon the broad shoulders of a rising middle class.
  104. broad
    having great extent from one side to the other
    We believe that America’s prosperity must rest upon the broad shoulders of a rising middle class.
  105. independence
    freedom from control or influence of another or others
    We know that America thrives when every person can find independence and pride in their work; when the wages of honest labor liberate families from the brink of hardship.
  106. honest
    without pretensions
    We know that America thrives when every person can find independence and pride in their work; when the wages of honest labor liberate families from the brink of hardship.
  107. labor
    any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted
    We know that America thrives when every person can find independence and pride in their work; when the wages of honest labor liberate families from the brink of hardship.
  108. liberate
    grant freedom to; free from confinement
    We know that America thrives when every person can find independence and pride in their work; when the wages of honest labor liberate families from the brink of hardship.
  109. brink
    the edge of a steep place
    We know that America thrives when every person can find independence and pride in their work; when the wages of honest labor liberate families from the brink of hardship.
  110. hardship
    something hard to endure
    We know that America thrives when every person can find independence and pride in their work; when the wages of honest labor liberate families from the brink of hardship.
  111. bleak
    offering little or no hope
    We are true to our creed when a little girl born into the bleakest poverty knows that she has the same chance to succeed as anybody else, because she is an American, she is free, and she is equal, not just in the eyes of God but also in our own.
  112. poverty
    the state of having little or no money and possessions
    We are true to our creed when a little girl born into the bleakest poverty knows that she has the same chance to succeed as anybody else, because she is an American, she is free, and she is equal, not just in the eyes of God but also in our own.
  113. program
    a series of steps to be carried out
    We understand that outworn programs are inadequate to the needs of our time.
  114. inadequate
    lacking the requisite qualities or resources to meet a task
    We understand that outworn programs are inadequate to the needs of our time.
  115. harness
    keep in check
    We must harness new ideas and technology to remake our government, revamp our tax code, reform our schools, and empower our citizens with the skills they need to work harder, learn more, and reach higher.
  116. technology
    the practical application of science to commerce or industry
    We must harness new ideas and technology to remake our government, revamp our tax code, reform our schools, and empower our citizens with the skills they need to work harder, learn more, and reach higher.
  117. revamp
    to patch up or renovate; repair or restore
    We must harness new ideas and technology to remake our government, revamp our tax code, reform our schools, and empower our citizens with the skills they need to work harder, learn more, and reach higher.
  118. code
    a set of rules or principles or laws
    We must harness new ideas and technology to remake our government, revamp our tax code, reform our schools, and empower our citizens with the skills they need to work harder, learn more, and reach higher.
  119. reform
    make changes for improvement to remove abuse and injustices
    We must harness new ideas and technology to remake our government, revamp our tax code, reform our schools, and empower our citizens with the skills they need to work harder, learn more, and reach higher.
  120. empower
    give or delegate power or authority to
    We must harness new ideas and technology to remake our government, revamp our tax code, reform our schools, and empower our citizens with the skills they need to work harder, learn more, and reach higher.
  121. skill
    an ability that has been acquired by training
    We must harness new ideas and technology to remake our government, revamp our tax code, reform our schools, and empower our citizens with the skills they need to work harder, learn more, and reach higher.
  122. purpose
    what something is used for
    But while the means will change, our purpose endures: a nation that rewards the effort and determination of every single American.
  123. endure
    continue to live through hardship or adversity
    But while the means will change, our purpose endures: a nation that rewards the effort and determination of every single American.
  124. effort
    use of physical or mental energy; hard work
    But while the means will change, our purpose endures: a nation that rewards the effort and determination of every single American.
  125. determination
    firmness of purpose
    But while the means will change, our purpose endures: a nation that rewards the effort and determination of every single American.
  126. deserve
    be worthy
    We, the people, still believe that every citizen deserves a basic measure of security and dignity.
  127. measure
    how much there is or how many there are of something
    We, the people, still believe that every citizen deserves a basic measure of security and dignity.
  128. security
    the state of being free from danger or injury
    We, the people, still believe that every citizen deserves a basic measure of security and dignity.
  129. dignity
    the quality of being worthy of esteem or respect
    We, the people, still believe that every citizen deserves a basic measure of security and dignity.
  130. health
    the general condition of body and mind
    We must make the hard choices to reduce the cost of health care and the size of our deficit.
  131. deficit
    an excess of liabilities over assets
    We must make the hard choices to reduce the cost of health care and the size of our deficit.
  132. reject
    refuse to accept or acknowledge
    But we reject the belief that America must choose between caring for the generation that built this country and investing in the generation that will build its future.
  133. care
    providing treatment for or attending to someone or something
    But we reject the belief that America must choose between caring for the generation that built this country and investing in the generation that will build its future.
  134. invest
    lay out money or capital in an enterprise
    But we reject the belief that America must choose between caring for the generation that built this country and investing in the generation that will build its future.
  135. twilight
    a condition of decline following successes
    For we remember the lessons of our past, when twilight years were spent in poverty, and parents of a child with a disability had nowhere to turn.
  136. disability
    when one cannot perform due to physical or mental unfitness
    For we remember the lessons of our past, when twilight years were spent in poverty, and parents of a child with a disability had nowhere to turn.
  137. reserve
    hold back or set aside, especially for future use
    We do not believe that in this country, freedom is reserved for the lucky, or happiness for the few.
  138. recognize
    be fully aware of
    We recognize that no matter how responsibly we live our lives, any one of us, at any time, may face a job loss, or a sudden illness, or a home swept away in a terrible storm.
  139. commitment
    the act of binding yourself to a course of action
    The commitments we make to each other – through Medicare, and Medicaid, and Social Security – these things do not sap our initiative; they strengthen us.
  140. strengthen
    make strong or stronger
    The commitments we make to each other – through Medicare, and Medicaid, and Social Security – these things do not sap our initiative; they strengthen us.
  141. obligation
    a personal relation in which one is indebted for a service
    We, the people, still believe that our obligations as Americans are not just to ourselves, but to all posterity.
  142. posterity
    all future generations
    We, the people, still believe that our obligations as Americans are not just to ourselves, but to all posterity.
  143. respond
    show a reaction to something
    We will respond to the threat of climate change, knowing that the failure to do so would betray our children and future generations.
  144. threat
    declaration of an intention to inflict harm on another
    We will respond to the threat of climate change, knowing that the failure to do so would betray our children and future generations.
  145. climate
    the weather in some location averaged over a period of time
    We will respond to the threat of climate change, knowing that the failure to do so would betray our children and future generations.
  146. failure
    lack of success
    We will respond to the threat of climate change, knowing that the failure to do so would betray our children and future generations.
  147. betray
    disappoint or prove undependable to
    We will respond to the threat of climate change, knowing that the failure to do so would betray our children and future generations.
  148. deny
    declare untrue; contradict
    Some may still deny the overwhelming judgment of science, but none can avoid the devastating impact of raging fires, and crippling drought, and more powerful storms.
  149. overwhelming
    very intense
    Some may still deny the overwhelming judgment of science, but none can avoid the devastating impact of raging fires, and crippling drought, and more powerful storms.
  150. judgment
    the act of assessing a person or situation or event
    Some may still deny the overwhelming judgment of science, but none can avoid the devastating impact of raging fires, and crippling drought, and more powerful storms.
  151. devastating
    wreaking or capable of wreaking complete destruction
    Some may still deny the overwhelming judgment of science, but none can avoid the devastating impact of raging fires, and crippling drought, and more powerful storms.
  152. impact
    a forceful consequence; a strong effect
    Some may still deny the overwhelming judgment of science, but none can avoid the devastating impact of raging fires, and crippling drought, and more powerful storms.
  153. rage
    be violent; as of fires and storms
    Some may still deny the overwhelming judgment of science, but none can avoid the devastating impact of raging fires, and crippling drought, and more powerful storms.
  154. drought
    a shortage of rainfall
    Some may still deny the overwhelming judgment of science, but none can avoid the devastating impact of raging fires, and crippling drought, and more powerful storms.
  155. sustainable
    capable of being prolonged
    The path towards sustainable energy sources will be long and sometimes difficult.
  156. energy
    any source of usable power
    The path towards sustainable energy sources will be long and sometimes difficult.
  157. source
    a process by which energy or a substance enters a system
    The path towards sustainable energy sources will be long and sometimes difficult.
  158. difficult
    requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish
    The path towards sustainable energy sources will be long and sometimes difficult.
  159. resist
    withstand the force of something
    But America cannot resist this transition; we must lead it.
  160. transition
    the act of passing from one state or place to the next
    But America cannot resist this transition; we must lead it.
  161. cede
    give over
    We cannot cede to other nations the technology that will power new jobs and new industries – we must claim its promise.
  162. industry
    the action of making of goods and services for sale
    We cannot cede to other nations the technology that will power new jobs and new industries – we must claim its promise.
  163. claim
    demand as being one's due or property
    We cannot cede to other nations the technology that will power new jobs and new industries – we must claim its promise.
  164. maintain
    keep in safety and protect from harm, loss, or destruction
    That is how we will maintain our economic vitality and our national treasure – our forests and waterways; our croplands and snowcapped peaks.
  165. vitality
    the property of being able to survive and grow
    That is how we will maintain our economic vitality and our national treasure – our forests and waterways; our croplands and snowcapped peaks.
  166. treasure
    accumulated wealth, as in the form of money or jewels
    That is how we will maintain our economic vitality and our national treasure – our forests and waterways; our croplands and snowcapped peaks.
  167. planet
    a celestial body that revolves around the sun
    That is how we will preserve our planet, commanded to our care by God.
  168. declare
    state emphatically and authoritatively
    That’s what will lend meaning to the creed our fathers once declared.
  169. perpetual
    continuing forever or indefinitely
    We, the people, still believe that enduring security and lasting peace do not require perpetual war.
  170. brave
    possessing or displaying courage
    Our brave men and women in uniform, tempered by the flames of battle, are unmatched in skill and courage.
  171. temper
    make more acceptable or suitable by adding something else
    Our brave men and women in uniform, tempered by the flames of battle, are unmatched in skill and courage.
  172. flame
    combustion of materials producing heat and light and smoke
    Our brave men and women in uniform, tempered by the flames of battle, are unmatched in skill and courage.
  173. battle
    a hostile meeting of opposing military forces
    Our brave men and women in uniform, tempered by the flames of battle, are unmatched in skill and courage.
  174. courage
    a quality of spirit that enables you to face danger or pain
    Our brave men and women in uniform, tempered by the flames of battle, are unmatched in skill and courage.
  175. sear
    cause to wither or parch from exposure to heat
    Our citizens, seared by the memory of those we have lost, know too well the price that is paid for liberty.
  176. memory
    something that is remembered
    Our citizens, seared by the memory of those we have lost, know too well the price that is paid for liberty.
  177. knowledge
    the psychological result of perception and reasoning
    The knowledge of their sacrifice will keep us forever vigilant against those who would do us harm.
  178. sacrifice
    a loss entailed by giving up something
    The knowledge of their sacrifice will keep us forever vigilant against those who would do us harm.
  179. vigilant
    carefully observant or attentive
    The knowledge of their sacrifice will keep us forever vigilant against those who would do us harm.
  180. heir
    a person entitled by law to inherit the estate of another
    But we are also heirs to those who won the peace and not just the war, who turned sworn enemies into the surest of friends, and we must carry those lessons into this time as well.
  181. defend
    protect against a challenge or attack
    We will defend our people and uphold our values through strength of arms and rule of law.
  182. uphold
    stand up for; stick up for; of causes, principles, or ideals
    We will defend our people and uphold our values through strength of arms and rule of law.
  183. value
    an ideal accepted by some individual or group
    We will defend our people and uphold our values through strength of arms and rule of law.
  184. difference
    the quality of being unlike or dissimilar
    We will show the courage to try and resolve our differences with other nations peacefully – not because we are naïve about the dangers we face, but because engagement can more durably lift suspicion and fear.
  185. naive
    marked by or showing unaffected simplicity
    We will show the courage to try and resolve our differences with other nations peacefully – not because we are naïve about the dangers we face, but because engagement can more durably lift suspicion and fear.
  186. engagement
    the act of sharing in the activities of a group
    We will show the courage to try and resolve our differences with other nations peacefully – not because we are naïve about the dangers we face, but because engagement can more durably lift suspicion and fear.
  187. durable
    existing for a long time
    We will show the courage to try and resolve our differences with other nations peacefully – not because we are naïve about the dangers we face, but because engagement can more durably lift suspicion and fear.
  188. suspicion
    being of a distrustful nature
    We will show the courage to try and resolve our differences with other nations peacefully – not because we are naïve about the dangers we face, but because engagement can more durably lift suspicion and fear.
  189. anchor
    a central cohesive source of support and stability
    America will remain the anchor of strong alliances in every corner of the globe; and we will renew those institutions that extend our capacity to manage crisis abroad, for no one has a greater stake in a peaceful world than its most powerful nation.
  190. alliance
    an organization of people involved in a pact or treaty
    America will remain the anchor of strong alliances in every corner of the globe; and we will renew those institutions that extend our capacity to manage crisis abroad, for no one has a greater stake in a peaceful world than its most powerful nation.
  191. corner
    a remote area
    America will remain the anchor of strong alliances in every corner of the globe; and we will renew those institutions that extend our capacity to manage crisis abroad, for no one has a greater stake in a peaceful world than its most powerful nation.
  192. globe
    the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on
    America will remain the anchor of strong alliances in every corner of the globe; and we will renew those institutions that extend our capacity to manage crisis abroad, for no one has a greater stake in a peaceful world than its most powerful nation.
  193. renew
    reestablish on an improved basis
    America will remain the anchor of strong alliances in every corner of the globe; and we will renew those institutions that extend our capacity to manage crisis abroad, for no one has a greater stake in a peaceful world than its most powerful nation.
  194. institution
    a custom that has been an important feature of some group
    America will remain the anchor of strong alliances in every corner of the globe; and we will renew those institutions that extend our capacity to manage crisis abroad, for no one has a greater stake in a peaceful world than its most powerful nation.
  195. extend
    broaden in scope or range or area
    America will remain the anchor of strong alliances in every corner of the globe; and we will renew those institutions that extend our capacity to manage crisis abroad, for no one has a greater stake in a peaceful world than its most powerful nation.
  196. manage
    be in charge of, act on, or dispose of
    America will remain the anchor of strong alliances in every corner of the globe; and we will renew those institutions that extend our capacity to manage crisis abroad, for no one has a greater stake in a peaceful world than its most powerful nation.
  197. abroad
    to or in a foreign country
    America will remain the anchor of strong alliances in every corner of the globe; and we will renew those institutions that extend our capacity to manage crisis abroad, for no one has a greater stake in a peaceful world than its most powerful nation.
  198. peaceful
    not disturbed by strife or turmoil or war
    America will remain the anchor of strong alliances in every corner of the globe; and we will renew those institutions that extend our capacity to manage crisis abroad, for no one has a greater stake in a peaceful world than its most powerful nation.
  199. conscience
    motivation deriving from ethical or moral principles
    We will support democracy from Asia to Africa; from the Americas to the Middle East, because our interests and our conscience compel us to act on behalf of those who long for freedom.
  200. compel
    force somebody to do something
    We will support democracy from Asia to Africa; from the Americas to the Middle East, because our interests and our conscience compel us to act on behalf of those who long for freedom.
  201. behalf
    as the agent of or on someone's part
    We will support democracy from Asia to Africa; from the Americas to the Middle East, because our interests and our conscience compel us to act on behalf of those who long for freedom.
  202. marginalize
    relegate to a lower or outer edge, as of groups of people
    And we must be a source of hope to the poor, the sick, the marginalized, the victims of prejudice – not out of mere charity, but because peace in our time requires the constant advance of those principles that our common creed describes: tolerance and opportunity; human dignity and justice.
  203. victim
    an unfortunate person who suffers from adverse circumstances
    And we must be a source of hope to the poor, the sick, the marginalized, the victims of prejudice – not out of mere charity, but because peace in our time requires the constant advance of those principles that our common creed describes: tolerance and opportunity; human dignity and justice.
  204. prejudice
    a partiality preventing objective consideration of an issue
    And we must be a source of hope to the poor, the sick, the marginalized, the victims of prejudice – not out of mere charity, but because peace in our time requires the constant advance of those principles that our common creed describes: tolerance and opportunity; human dignity and justice.
  205. charity
    a kindly and lenient attitude toward people
    And we must be a source of hope to the poor, the sick, the marginalized, the victims of prejudice – not out of mere charity, but because peace in our time requires the constant advance of those principles that our common creed describes: tolerance and opportunity; human dignity and justice.
  206. advance
    the act of moving forward, as toward a goal
    And we must be a source of hope to the poor, the sick, the marginalized, the victims of prejudice – not out of mere charity, but because peace in our time requires the constant advance of those principles that our common creed describes: tolerance and opportunity; human dignity and justice.
  207. describe
    give a statement representing something
    And we must be a source of hope to the poor, the sick, the marginalized, the victims of prejudice – not out of mere charity, but because peace in our time requires the constant advance of those principles that our common creed describes: tolerance and opportunity; human dignity and justice.
  208. tolerance
    willingness to respect the beliefs or practices of others
    And we must be a source of hope to the poor, the sick, the marginalized, the victims of prejudice – not out of mere charity, but because peace in our time requires the constant advance of those principles that our common creed describes: tolerance and opportunity; human dignity and justice.
  209. opportunity
    a possibility from a favorable combination of circumstances
    And we must be a source of hope to the poor, the sick, the marginalized, the victims of prejudice – not out of mere charity, but because peace in our time requires the constant advance of those principles that our common creed describes: tolerance and opportunity; human dignity and justice.
  210. forebear
    a person from whom you are descended
    We, the people, declare today that the most evident of truths – that all of us are created equal – is the star that guides us still; just as it guided our forebears through Seneca Falls, and Selma, and Stonewall; just as it guided all those men and women, sung and unsung, who left footprints along this great Mall, to hear a preacher say that we cannot walk alone; to hear a King proclaim that our individual freedom is inextricably bound to the freedom of every soul on Earth.
  211. proclaim
    declare formally
    We, the people, declare today that the most evident of truths – that all of us are created equal – is the star that guides us still; just as it guided our forebears through Seneca Falls, and Selma, and Stonewall; just as it guided all those men and women, sung and unsung, who left footprints along this great Mall, to hear a preacher say that we cannot walk alone; to hear a King proclaim that our individual freedom is inextricably bound to the freedom of every soul on Earth.
  212. inextricably
    in a manner incapable of being disentangled or untied
    We, the people, declare today that the most evident of truths – that all of us are created equal – is the star that guides us still; just as it guided our forebears through Seneca Falls, and Selma, and Stonewall; just as it guided all those men and women, sung and unsung, who left footprints along this great Mall, to hear a preacher say that we cannot walk alone; to hear a King proclaim that our individual freedom is inextricably bound to the freedom of every soul on Earth.
  213. bound
    confined by bonds
    We, the people, declare today that the most evident of truths – that all of us are created equal – is the star that guides us still; just as it guided our forebears through Seneca Falls, and Selma, and Stonewall; just as it guided all those men and women, sung and unsung, who left footprints along this great Mall, to hear a preacher say that we cannot walk alone; to hear a King proclaim that our individual freedom is inextricably bound to the freedom of every soul on Earth.
  214. task
    any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted
    It is now our generation’s task to carry on what those pioneers began.
  215. pioneer
    one the first colonists or settlers in a new territory
    It is now our generation’s task to carry on what those pioneers began.
  216. complete
    having all necessary qualities
    For our journey is not complete until our wives, our mothers, and daughters can earn a living equal to their efforts.
  217. earn
    acquire or deserve by one's efforts or actions
    For our journey is not complete until our wives, our mothers, and daughters can earn a living equal to their efforts.
  218. commit
    confer a trust upon
    Our journey is not complete until our gay brothers and sisters are treated like anyone else under the law – for if we are truly created equal, then surely the love we commit to one another must be equal as well.
  219. exercise
    put to use
    Our journey is not complete until no citizen is forced to wait for hours to exercise the right to vote.
  220. strive
    attempt by employing effort
    Our journey is not complete until we find a better way to welcome the striving, hopeful immigrants who still see America as a land of opportunity; until bright young students and engineers are enlisted in our workforce rather than expelled from our country.
  221. hopeful
    having or manifesting optimism
    Our journey is not complete until we find a better way to welcome the striving, hopeful immigrants who still see America as a land of opportunity; until bright young students and engineers are enlisted in our workforce rather than expelled from our country.
  222. immigrant
    a person who comes to a country in order to settle there
    Our journey is not complete until we find a better way to welcome the striving, hopeful immigrants who still see America as a land of opportunity; until bright young students and engineers are enlisted in our workforce rather than expelled from our country.
  223. engineer
    a person who uses scientific knowledge to solve problems
    Our journey is not complete until we find a better way to welcome the striving, hopeful immigrants who still see America as a land of opportunity; until bright young students and engineers are enlisted in our workforce rather than expelled from our country.
  224. enlist
    hire for work or assistance
    Our journey is not complete until we find a better way to welcome the striving, hopeful immigrants who still see America as a land of opportunity; until bright young students and engineers are enlisted in our workforce rather than expelled from our country.
  225. expel
    eliminate
    Our journey is not complete until we find a better way to welcome the striving, hopeful immigrants who still see America as a land of opportunity; until bright young students and engineers are enlisted in our workforce rather than expelled from our country.
  226. cherish
    be fond of
    Our journey is not complete until all our children, from the streets of Detroit to the hills of Appalachia to the quiet lanes of Newtown, know that they are cared for, and cherished, and always safe from harm.
  227. document
    writing that provides information
    Being true to our founding documents does not require us to agree on every contour of life; it does not mean we will all define liberty in exactly the same way, or follow the same precise path to happiness.
  228. define
    determine the essential quality of
    Being true to our founding documents does not require us to agree on every contour of life; it does not mean we will all define liberty in exactly the same way, or follow the same precise path to happiness.
  229. precise
    sharply exact or accurate or delimited
    Being true to our founding documents does not require us to agree on every contour of life; it does not mean we will all define liberty in exactly the same way, or follow the same precise path to happiness.
  230. progress
    the act of moving forward, as toward a goal
    Progress does not compel us to settle centuries-long debates about the role of government for all time – but it does require us to act in our time.
  231. settle
    bring to an end
    Progress does not compel us to settle centuries-long debates about the role of government for all time – but it does require us to act in our time.
  232. debate
    a discussion with reasons for and against some proposal
    Progress does not compel us to settle centuries-long debates about the role of government for all time – but it does require us to act in our time.
  233. role
    the actions and activities assigned to a person or group
    Progress does not compel us to settle centuries-long debates about the role of government for all time – but it does require us to act in our time.
  234. decision
    a position or opinion reached after consideration
    For now decisions are upon us, and we cannot afford delay.
  235. afford
    be able to spare or give up
    For now decisions are upon us, and we cannot afford delay.
  236. mistake
    a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or inattention
    We cannot mistake absolutism for principle, or substitute spectacle for politics, or treat name-calling as reasoned debate.
  237. absolutism
    a form of government in which the ruler is unconstrained
    We cannot mistake absolutism for principle, or substitute spectacle for politics, or treat name-calling as reasoned debate.
  238. substitute
    put in the place of another
    We cannot mistake absolutism for principle, or substitute spectacle for politics, or treat name-calling as reasoned debate.
  239. spectacle
    something or someone seen, especially a notable sight
    We cannot mistake absolutism for principle, or substitute spectacle for politics, or treat name-calling as reasoned debate.
  240. politics
    the activities involved in managing a state or a government
    We cannot mistake absolutism for principle, or substitute spectacle for politics, or treat name-calling as reasoned debate.
  241. imperfect
    defective or inadequate
    We must act, knowing that our work will be imperfect.
  242. victory
    a successful ending of a struggle or contest
    We must act, knowing that today’s victories will be only partial, and that it will be up to those who stand here in four years, and forty years, and four hundred years hence to advance the timeless spirit once conferred to us in a spare Philadelphia hall.
  243. partial
    being or affecting only a segment
    We must act, knowing that today’s victories will be only partial, and that it will be up to those who stand here in four years, and forty years, and four hundred years hence to advance the timeless spirit once conferred to us in a spare Philadelphia hall.
  244. timeless
    unaffected by the continuum from the past to the future
    We must act, knowing that today’s victories will be only partial, and that it will be up to those who stand here in four years, and forty years, and four hundred years hence to advance the timeless spirit once conferred to us in a spare Philadelphia hall.
  245. confer
    present
    We must act, knowing that today’s victories will be only partial, and that it will be up to those who stand here in four years, and forty years, and four hundred years hence to advance the timeless spirit once conferred to us in a spare Philadelphia hall.
  246. recite
    read out in elocution
    My fellow Americans, the oath I have sworn before you today, like the one recited by others who serve in this Capitol, was an oath to God and country, not party or faction – and we must faithfully execute that pledge during the duration of our service.
  247. faction
    a dissenting clique
    My fellow Americans, the oath I have sworn before you today, like the one recited by others who serve in this Capitol, was an oath to God and country, not party or faction – and we must faithfully execute that pledge during the duration of our service.
  248. pledge
    a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something
    My fellow Americans, the oath I have sworn before you today, like the one recited by others who serve in this Capitol, was an oath to God and country, not party or faction – and we must faithfully execute that pledge during the duration of our service.
  249. duration
    the period of time during which something continues
    My fellow Americans, the oath I have sworn before you today, like the one recited by others who serve in this Capitol, was an oath to God and country, not party or faction – and we must faithfully execute that pledge during the duration of our service.
  250. service
    work done by one person or group that benefits another
    My fellow Americans, the oath I have sworn before you today, like the one recited by others who serve in this Capitol, was an oath to God and country, not party or faction – and we must faithfully execute that pledge during the duration of our service.
  251. realize
    make real or concrete; give reality or substance to
    But the words I spoke today are not so different from the oath that is taken each time a soldier signs up for duty, or an immigrant realizes her dream.
  252. represent
    express indirectly by an image, form, or model
    They are the words of citizens, and they represent our greatest hope.
  253. shape
    give form to
    You and I, as citizens, have the obligation to shape the debates of our time – not only with the votes we cast, but with the voices we lift in defense of our most ancient values and enduring ideals.
  254. defense
    the act of defending someone or something against attack
    You and I, as citizens, have the obligation to shape the debates of our time – not only with the votes we cast, but with the voices we lift in defense of our most ancient values and enduring ideals.
  255. ancient
    belonging to times long past
    You and I, as citizens, have the obligation to shape the debates of our time – not only with the votes we cast, but with the voices we lift in defense of our most ancient values and enduring ideals.
  256. ideal
    model of excellence or perfection of a kind
    You and I, as citizens, have the obligation to shape the debates of our time – not only with the votes we cast, but with the voices we lift in defense of our most ancient values and enduring ideals.
  257. embrace
    take up the cause of someone and use it as one's own
    Let each of us now embrace, with solemn duty and awesome joy, what is our lasting birthright.
  258. solemn
    dignified and somber in manner or character
    Let each of us now embrace, with solemn duty and awesome joy, what is our lasting birthright.
  259. awesome
    inspiring admiration or wonder
    Let each of us now embrace, with solemn duty and awesome joy, what is our lasting birthright.
  260. passion
    a strong feeling or emotion
    With common effort and common purpose, with passion and dedication, let us answer the call of history, and carry into an uncertain future that precious light of freedom.
  261. dedication
    complete and wholehearted fidelity
    With common effort and common purpose, with passion and dedication, let us answer the call of history, and carry into an uncertain future that precious light of freedom.
  262. uncertain
    lacking or indicating lack of confidence or assurance
    With common effort and common purpose, with passion and dedication, let us answer the call of history, and carry into an uncertain future that precious light of freedom.
  263. precious
    of high worth or cost
    With common effort and common purpose, with passion and dedication, let us answer the call of history, and carry into an uncertain future that precious light of freedom.