Biden-Ryan vice-presidential debate 147 words

Words from the vice-presidential debate between Joe Biden and Paul Ryan (Oct. 11, 2012).

Transcript: http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/OTUS/vice-presidential-debate-transcript-danvilel-ky-oct-11/story?id=17457175&singlePage=true
  1. malarkey
    empty rhetoric or insincere or exaggerated talk
    (CROSSTALK) BIDEN: With all due respect, that's a bunch of malarkey.
  2. god-awful
    very unpleasant
    The fact is that we're in a situation where we inherited a god-awful circumstance.
  3. conflate
    mix together different elements
    And he's -- he's conflating two issues.
  4. litmus test
    a coloring material (obtained from lichens) that turns red in acid solutions and blue in alkaline solutions; used as a very rough acid-base indicator
    RYAN: Was there a litmus test on them?
  5. eviscerate
    remove the entrails of
    BIDEN: The two budgets the congressman introduced have eviscerated all the things that the middle class cares about.
  6. cookie jar
    a jar in which cookies are kept (and sometimes money is hidden)
    They got caught with their hands in the cookie jar, turning Medicare into a piggybank for Obamacare.
  7. support payment
    a payment made by one person for the support of another
    RYAN: ... income adjusts (inaudible) these premium support payments by taking down the subsidies for wealthy people.
  8. Benghazi
    port in northern Libya on the Gulf of Sidra; formerly a joint capital of Libya with Tripoli
    On a rather somber note, one month ago tonight, on the anniversary of 9/11, Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other brave Americans were killed in a terrorist attack in Benghazi.
  9. nuclear weapon
    a weapon of mass destruction whose explosive power derives from a nuclear reaction
    Both President Obama and Governor Romney have said they will prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, even if that means military action.
  10. chemical weapon
    chemical substances that can be delivered using munitions and dispersal devices to cause death or severe harm to people and animals and plants
    RYAN: Well, we agree with the same red line, actually, they do on chemical weapons, but not putting American troops in, other than to secure those chemical weapons.
  11. tax cut
    the act of reducing taxation
    And instead of signing pledges to Grover Norquist not to ask the wealthiest among us to contribute to bring back the middle class, they should be signing a pledge saying to the middle class we're going to level the playing field; we're going to give you a
  12. security interest
    any interest in a property that secures the payment of an obligation
    That's got to be within the national security interests of the American people.
  13. voucher
    someone who vouches for another or for the correctness of a statement
    He'll tell you about vouchers.
  14. ayatollah
    a high-ranking Shiite religious leader who is regarded as an authority on religious law and its interpretation and who has political power as well
    And so, in order to solve this peacefully -- which is everybody's goal -- you have to have the ayatollahs change their minds.
  15. tax rate
    rate used to calculate tax liability
    And where I come from, overseas, which is Lake Superior, the Canadians, they dropped their tax rates to 15 percent.
  16. terrorist attack
    a surprise attack involving the deliberate use of violence against civilians in the hope of attaining political or religious aims
    On a rather somber note, one month ago tonight, on the anniversary of 9/11, Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other brave Americans were killed in a terrorist attack in Benghazi.
  17. interest group
    (usually plural) a social group whose members control some field of activity and who have common aims
    The idea that we could borrow $831 billion, spend it on all of these special interest groups, and that it would work out just fine, that unemployment would never get to 8 percent -- it went up above 8 percent for 43 months.
  18. Medicare
    health care for the aged; a federally administered system of health insurance available to persons aged 65 and over
    RADDATZ: I want to move on here to Medicare and entitlements.
  19. freedom fighter
    a person who takes part in an armed rebellion against the constituted authority (especially in the hope of improving conditions)
    We could have more easily identified the free Syrian army, the freedom fighters, working with our allies, the Turks, the Qataris, the Saudis, had we had a better plan in place to begin with working through our allies.
  20. actuary
    someone versed in the collection and interpretation of numerical data (especially someone who uses statistics to calculate insurance premiums)
    Even their own chief actuary at Medicare backs this up.
  21. fissile
    capable of being split or cleft or divided in the direction of the grain
    When Barack Obama was elected, they had enough fissile material -- nuclear material to make one bomb.
  22. devastate
    cause extensive destruction or ruin utterly
    And we should not be imposing these devastating defense cuts, because what that does when we equivocate on our values, when we show that we're cutting down on defense, it makes us more weak.
  23. spending cut
    the act of reducing spending
    Not spending more money as much as they say is not a spending cut.
  24. middle class
    the social class between the lower and upper classes
    We had -- the great recession hit; 9 million people lost their job; $1.7 -- $1.6 trillion in wealth lost in equity in your homes, in retirement accounts for the middle class.
  25. green revolution
    the introduction of pesticides and high-yield grains and better management during the 1960s and 1970s which greatly increased agricultural productivity
    We should have spoken out right away when the green revolution was up and starting; when the mullahs in Iran were attacking their people.
  26. move back and forth
    move in one direction and then into the opposite direction
    And I'm going to move back and forth between foreign and domestic, since that is what a vice president or president would have to do.
  27. overflight
    a flight by an aircraft over a particular area (especially over an area in foreign territory)
    RYAN: That means like embargoes and sanctions and overflights, those are things that don't put American troops on the ground.
  28. timeline
    a sequence of related events arranged in chronological order and displayed along a line (usually drawn left to right or top to bottom)
    (CROSSTALK) RADDATZ: But you agree with the timeline.
  29. cronyism
    favoritism shown to friends and associates (as by appointing them to positions without regard for their qualifications)
    They found no evidence of cronyism.
  30. loophole
    an ambiguity (especially one in the text of a law or contract) that makes it possible to evade a difficulty or obligation
    What we are saying is, lower tax rates across the board and close loopholes, primarily to the higher-income people.
  31. congressman
    a member of the United States House of Representatives
    You will no doubt hear their enthusiasm at the end of the debate -- and right now, as we welcome Vice President Joe Biden and Congressman Paul Ryan.
  32. high-interest
    (used of loans) charging a relatively large percentage of the amount borrowed
    RYAN: ... on high-interest people.
  33. retirement account
    a plan for setting aside money to be spent after retirement
    We had -- the great recession hit; 9 million people lost their job; $1.7 -- $1.6 trillion in wealth lost in equity in your homes, in retirement accounts for the middle class.
  34. industrialize
    organize (the production of something) into an industry
    The average tax rate on businesses in the industrialized world is 25 percent, and the president wants the top effective tax rate on successful small businesses to go above 40 percent.
  35. insurance premium
    payment for insurance
    Or remember when he said health insurance premiums will go down $2,500 per family, per year?
  36. donut
    a small ring-shaped friedcake
    If you're near the donut hole, you have $800 -- $600 more to help your prescription drug costs.
  37. take office
    assume an office, duty, or title
    Iran is more isolated today than when we took office.
  38. privatize
    change from governmental to private control or ownership
    And with regard to Social Security, we will not -- we will not privatize it.
  39. off-limits
    barred to a designated group
    RADDATZ: Can you declare anything off-limits?
  40. capital gain
    the amount by which the selling price of an asset exceeds the purchase price; the gain is realized when the asset is sold
    The loophole -- the biggest loophole they take advantage of is the carried interest loophole and -- and capital gains loophole.
  41. Social Security
    social welfare program in the U.S.; includes old-age and survivors insurance and some unemployment insurance and old-age assistance
    They are elderly people who in fact are living off of Social Security.
  42. demonize
    make into a demon
    He didn't demonize them.
  43. urinate
    eliminate urine
    Marines urinating on Taliban corpses?
  44. misquote
    quote incorrectly
    They keep misquoting him, but let me tell you about the Mitt Romney I know.
  45. playing field
    the circumstances under which competition occurs
    And instead of signing pledges to Grover Norquist not to ask the wealthiest among us to contribute to bring back the middle class, they should be signing a pledge saying to the middle class we're going to level the playing field; we're going to giv
  46. tax
    charge against a citizen's person or property or activity for the support of government
    We went ahead and made sure that we cut taxes for the middle class.
  47. across-the-board
    broad in scope or content
    If we don't shore up Social Security, when we run out of the IOUs, when the program goes bankrupt, a 25 percent across-the-board benefit cut kicks in on current seniors in the middle of their retirement.
  48. sanction
    official permission or approval
    The vice president talks about sanctions on Iran.
  49. contraception
    birth control by the use of devices (diaphragm or intrauterine device or condom) or drugs or surgery
    With regard to the assault on the Catholic church, let me make it absolutely clear, no religious institution, Catholic or otherwise, including Catholic Social Services, Georgetown Hospital, Mercy Hospital, any hospital, none has to either refer contrac
  50. talk about
    to consider or examine in speech or writing
    He went to the U.N. and in his speech at the U.N. he said six times -- he talked about the YouTube video.
  51. red line
    a line that is colored red and that bisects an ice hockey rink
    Look, you -- you both saw Benjamin Netanyahu hold up that picture of a bomb with a red line and talking about the red line being in spring.
  52. vice president
    an executive officer ranking immediately below a president; may serve in the president's place under certain circumstances
    And I'm going to move back and forth between foreign and domestic, since that is what a vice president or president would have to do.
  53. trillion
    the number that is represented as a one followed by 12 zeros
    The Obama administration had projected that it would fall below 6 percent now after the addition of close to a trillion dollars in stimulus money.
  54. overpay
    pay too much
    We stopped overpaying insurance companies, doctors and hospitals.
  55. take a look
    look at with attention
    RYAN: When you take a look at what has happened just in the last few weeks, they sent the U.N. ambassador out to say that this was because of a protest and a YouTube video.
  56. prescription drug
    a drug that is available only with written instructions from a doctor or dentist to a pharmacist
    It came from this man voting to put two wars on a credit card, to at the same time put a prescription drug benefit on the credit card, a trillion-dollar tax cut for the very wealthy.
  57. water down
    thin by adding water to
    It's because this administration watered down sanctions, delayed sanctions, tried to stop us for putting the tough sanctions in place.
  58. across the board
    including all
    And I've never met two guys who're more down on America across the board.
  59. childcare
    a service involving care for other people's children
    Why does he go after the childcare...
  60. take-home pay
    what is left of your pay after deductions for taxes and dues and insurance etc
    It's about getting 12 million jobs, higher take-home pay, getting people out of poverty into the middle class.
  61. tax break
    a tax deduction that is granted in order to encourage a particular type of commercial activity
    BIDEN: First of all, I was there when Ronald Reagan tax breaks -- he gave specifics of what he was going to cut, number one, in terms of tax expenditures.
  62. protester
    someone who participates in a public display of group feeling
    The State Department has now made clear, there were no protesters there.
  63. equivocate
    be deliberately ambiguous or unclear in order to mislead or withhold information
    And we should not be imposing these devastating defense cuts, because what that does when we equivocate on our values, when we show that we're cutting down on defense, it makes us more weak.
  64. pull together
    assemble or get together
    You know, usually when there's a crisis, we pull together.
  65. sequester
    keep away from others
    And I might add, this so-called -- I know we don't want to use the fancy word " sequester," this automatic cut -- that was part of a debt deal that they asked for.
  66. Department of Energy
    the federal department responsible for maintaining a national energy policy of the United States; created in 1977
    There are just at the Department of Energy over 100 criminal investigations that have been launched into just how stimulus...
  67. outsource
    obtain goods or services from an outside supplier; to contract work out
    We wouldn't be outsourcing our foreign policy to the United Nations giving Vladimir Putin veto power over our efforts to try and deal with this issue.
  68. terrorist
    a radical who employs terror as a political weapon; usually organizes with other terrorists in small cells; often uses religion as a cover for terrorist activities
    On a rather somber note, one month ago tonight, on the anniversary of 9/11, Ambassador Chris Stevens and three other brave Americans were killed in a terrorist attack in Benghazi.
  69. hotspot
    a place of political unrest and potential violence
    RYAN: We're sending fewer people out in all of these hotspots to do the same job that they were supposed to do a month ago.
  70. credibility
    the quality of being believable or trustworthy
    Paul Ryan: 'Mitt Romney's a Car Guy' Watch Video Biden Says Americans Are Looking for Even Shot Watch Video Ryan Says Obama Had His Chance Watch Video And talk about credibility?
  71. taker
    one who accepts an offer
    My friend recently in a speech in Washington said "30 percent of the American people are takers."
  72. decimate
    kill one in every ten, as of mutineers in Roman armies
    We've decimated Al Qaida central.
  73. make sure
    make a point of doing something; act purposefully and intentionally
    Let's have a status of forces agreement to make sure that we secure our gains.
  74. hand and glove
    in close cooperation
    We are working hand and glove with the Turks, with the Jordanians, with the Saudis, and with all the people in the region attempting to identify the people who deserve the help so that when Assad goes -- and he will go -- there will be a legitimate
  75. troop
    a group of soldiers
    Governor Romney said that was a tragic mistake, we should have left 30,000 troops there.
  76. in and of itself
    with respect to its inherent nature
    RYAN: This Benghazi issue would be a tragedy in and of itself, but unfortunately it's indicative of a broader problem.
  77. guy
    an informal term for a youth or man
    This is a guy who's repaired our alliances so the rest of the world follows us again.
  78. reset
    set anew
    This is just one more example of how the Russia reset's not working.
  79. middle-class
    occupying a socioeconomic position intermediate between those of the lower classes and the wealthy
    We want to extend permanently the middle-class tax cut for -- permanently, from the Bush middle-class tax cut.
  80. launching pad
    a platform from which rockets or space craft are launched
    But we want to see the 2014 transition be successful, and that means we want to make sure our commanders have what they need to make sure that it is successful so that this does not once again become a launching pad for terrorists.
  81. calm down
    become quiet or calm, especially after a state of agitation
    Let's all calm down a little bit here.
  82. pro-life
    advocating full legal protection of embryos and fetuses (especially opposing the legalization of induced abortions)
    RYAN: Now, you want to ask basically why I'm pro-life?
  83. army base
    a large base of operations for an army
    We'll only train in the -- in the Army bases that exist there.
  84. precondition
    a condition that is a prerequisite
    When -- when we see the kind of equivocation that took place because this administration wanted a precondition policy, so when the Green Revolution started up, they were silent for nine days.
  85. reservist
    a member of a military reserve
    We want -- look, one of my best friends in Janesville, a reservist, is at a forward-operating base in eastern Afghanistan right now.
  86. taxpayer
    someone who pays taxes
    RYAN: Was it a good idea to spend taxpayer dollars on electric cars in Finland, or on windmills in China?
  87. Jack Kennedy
    35th President of the United States; established the Peace Corps; assassinated in Dallas (1917-1963)
    RYAN: Jack Kennedy lowered tax rates, increased growth.
  88. deduction
    the act of subtracting (removing a part from the whole)
    We forego about $1.1 trillion in loopholes and deductions.
  89. centrifuge
    an apparatus that uses centrifugal force to separate particles from a suspension
    They're spinning the centrifuges faster.
  90. abortion
    termination of pregnancy
    And I would like to ask you both to tell me what role your religion has played in your own personal views on abortion.
  91. go bad
    become unfit for consumption or use
    We're told everything's going bad.
  92. take-home
    (of salary or wages) remaining after all deductions including taxes
    It's about getting 12 million jobs, higher take-home pay, getting people out of poverty into the middle class.
  93. litmus
    a coloring material (obtained from lichens) that turns red in acid solutions and blue in alkaline solutions; used as a very rough acid-base indicator
    RYAN: Was there a litmus test on them?
  94. weapon
    any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting
    Both President Obama and Governor Romney have said they will prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, even if that means military action.
  95. bipartisan
    supported by both sides
    Only because we had strong bipartisan support for these tough sanctions were we able to overrule their objections and put them in spite of the administration.
  96. fill in
    supply with information on a specific topic
    RYAN: We said here's the framework, let's work together to fill in the details.
  97. take issue
    be of different opinions
    Now, I've got to take issue with the Catholic church and religious liberty.
  98. deficit spending
    spending money raised by borrowing; used by governments to stimulate their economy
    It doesn't even pay for 10 percent of their proposed deficit spending increases.
  99. incest
    sexual intercourse between persons too closely related to marry (as between a parent and a child)
    Now I understand this is a difficult issue, and I respect people who don't agree with me on this, but the policy of a Romney administration will be to oppose abortions with the exceptions for rape, incest and life of the mother.
  100. referenced
    supported with written references or citations
    But the bottom line here is I'd ask that hero you referenced to take a look at whether or not Governor Romney or President Obama has the conviction to help lift up the middle class, restore them to where they were before this great recession hit an
  101. disavow
    refuse to acknowledge; disclaim knowledge of; responsibility for, or association with
    Let's recall that they disavowed their own statement that they had put out earlier in the day in Cairo.
  102. step up
    increase in extent or intensity
    They're stepping up their terrorist attacks.
  103. out-of-pocket
    calling for the spending of cash
    Choose your plan, and then Medicare subsidizes your premiums, not as much for the wealthy people, more coverage for middle-income people, and total out-of-pocket coverage for the poor and the sick.
  104. AARP
    an association of people to promote the welfare of senior citizens
    AARP endorsed what we did.
  105. number one
    the first or highest in an ordering or series
    Governor Romney said we should not set a date, number one.
  106. ally
    a friendly nation
    They're more brazen in their attacks, and are allies are less willing to...
  107. entitlement
    right granted by law or contract (especially a right to benefits)
    RADDATZ: I want to move on here to Medicare and entitlements.
  108. Scranton
    an industrial city of northeastern Pennsylvania
    He's from Scranton, Pennsylvania.
  109. tax policy
    a program for setting taxes
    BIDEN: Now, there's not enough -- the reason why the AEI study, the American Enterprise Institute study, the Tax Policy Center study, the reason they all say it's going -- taxes go up on the middle class, the only way you can find $5 trillion in lo
  110. bottom line
    the last line in an audit; the line that shows profit or loss
    The bottom line here is that all the studies show that if we went with Social Security proposal made by Mitt Romney, if you're 40 -- in your 40s now you will pay $2,600 a year -- you get $2,600 a year less in Social Security.
  111. freedom of religion
    a civil right guaranteed by the First Amendment to the US Constitution
    They're infringing upon our first freedom, the freedom of religion, by infringing on Catholic charities, Catholic churches, Catholic hospitals.
  112. free fall
    the ideal falling motion of something subject only to a gravitational field
    The economy was in free fall.
  113. Afghan
    a native or inhabitant of Afghanistan
    More than 50 of them were killed this year by the very Afghan forces we are trying to help.
  114. president
    the chief executive of a republic
    And I'm going to move back and forth between foreign and domestic, since that is what a vice president or president would have to do.
  115. surge
    rise and move, as in waves or billows
    When I went to the Ahgandah (ph) Valley in Kandahar before the surge, I sat down with a young private in the 82nd from the Monamanee (ph) Indian reservation who would tell me what he did every day, and I was in awe.
  116. job
    a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee
    The number-one issue here at home is jobs.
  117. nuclear
    constituting or like a nucleus
    Both President Obama and Governor Romney have said they will prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, even if that means military action.
  118. security force
    a privately employed group hired to protect the security of a business or industry
    They're happy to let us continue to do the job; international security forces to do the job.
  119. Indian reservation
    a reservation set aside for the use of Indians
    When I went to the Ahgandah (ph) Valley in Kandahar before the surge, I sat down with a young private in the 82nd from the Monamanee (ph) Indian reservation who would tell me what he did every day, and I was in awe.
  120. trainee
    someone who is being trained
    BIDEN: That's -- that's why we should send Americans in to do the job, instead of the -- you'd rather Americans be going in doing the job instead of the trainees?
  121. allies
    an alliance of nations joining together to fight a common enemy
    They're more brazen in their attacks, and are allies are less willing to...
  122. ultrasound
    using the reflections of high-frequency sound waves to construct an image of a body organ (a sonogram); commonly used to observe fetal growth or study bodily organs
    You know, I think about 10 1/2 years ago, my wife Janna and I went to Mercy Hospital in Janesville where I was born, for our seven week ultrasound for our firstborn child, and we saw that heartbeat.
  123. automobile industry
    the manufacturers of automobiles considered collectively
    I know he had no commitment to the automobile industry.
  124. bin Laden
    Arab terrorist who established al-Qaeda (born in 1957)
    When it came to Osama bin Laden, the president the first day in office, I was sitting with him in the Oval Office, he called in the CIA and signed an order saying, "My highest priority is to get bin Laden."
  125. military action
    a military engagement
    Both President Obama and Governor Romney have said they will prevent Iran from getting a nuclear weapon, even if that means military action.
  126. embolden
    give encouragement to
    RYAN: ... what we don't want to do is give our allies reason to trust us less and our enemies more -- we don't want to embolden our enemies to hold and wait out for us and then take over...
  127. Qatari
    of or concerning Qatar or its inhabitants
    We could have more easily identified the free Syrian army, the freedom fighters, working with our allies, the Turks, the Qataris, the Saudis, had we had a better plan in place to begin with working through our allies.
  128. mathematically
    with respect to mathematics
    BIDEN: Not mathematically possible.
  129. catastrophic
    extremely harmful; bringing physical or financial ruin
    Last week, former Defense Secretary Bob Gates said a strike on Iran's facilities would not work and, quote, "could prove catastrophic, haunting us for generations."
  130. move on
    move forward, also in the metaphorical sense
    RADDATZ: I want to move on here to Medicare and entitlements.
  131. good guy
    any person who is on your side
    What we should not be doing is saying to the Egyptian people, while Mubarak is cracking down on them, that he's a good guy and, in the next week, say he ought to go.
  132. math
    a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
    That's not a political thing, that's a math thing.
  133. Osama bin Laden
    Arab terrorist who established al-Qaeda (born in 1957)
    When it came to Osama bin Laden, the president the first day in office, I was sitting with him in the Oval Office, he called in the CIA and signed an order saying, "My highest priority is to get bin Laden."
  134. percent
    a proportion in relation to a whole (which is usually the amount per hundred)
    When my friend talks about fissile material, they have to take this highly enriched uranium, get it from 20 percent up, then they have to be able to have something to put it in.
  135. devastating
    wreaking or capable of wreaking complete destruction
    And we should not be imposing these devastating defense cuts, because what that does when we equivocate on our values, when we show that we're cutting down on defense, it makes us more weak.
  136. uniquely
    so as to be unique
    Mitt Romney is uniquely qualified to fix these problems.
  137. populate
    inhabit or live in; be an inhabitant of
    You're in a country that is heavily populated in the midst of the most dangerous area in the world.
  138. infringe
    advance beyond the usual limit
    They're infringing upon our first freedom, the freedom of religion, by infringing on Catholic charities, Catholic churches, Catholic hospitals.
  139. guarantee
    an unconditional commitment that something will happen or that something is true
    You see, if you reform these programs for my generation, people 54 and below, you can guarantee they don't change for people in or near retirement, which is precisely what Mitt Romney and I are proposing.
  140. seep
    pass gradually or leak through or as if through small openings
    It seep into a regional war.
  141. jeopardize
    pose a threat to; present a danger to
    We are not going to jeopardize this program, but we have to save it...
  142. by the day
    one every day
    This is becoming more troubling by the day.
  143. hedge fund
    a flexible investment company for a small number of large investors (usually the minimum investment is $1 million); can use high-risk techniques (not allowed for mutual funds) such as short-selling and heavy leveraging
    Let me tell you who some of those other small businesses are: hedge funds that make $600 million, $800 million a year.
  144. geographically
    with respect to geography
    It is five times as large geographically, it has one-fifth the population, that is Libya, one-fifth the population, five times as large geographically.
  145. keep pace
    maintain the same pace
    You can buy back in if you want with this voucher, which will not keep pace -- will not keep pace with health care costs.
  146. Democrat
    a member of the Democratic Party
    It's a plan I put together with a prominent Democrat senator from Oregon.
  147. security
    the state of being free from danger or injury
    That's caring for the national security of the country.