Chemistry Words

Chemistry Words
definitions & notes only words
  1. enzyme
    a complex protein produced by cells that acts as a catalyst
  2. substrate
    the substance that is acted upon by an enzyme or ferment
  3. acid
    any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste
  4. base
    lowest support of a structure
  5. alkaline
    relating to or containing an alkali
  6. amphoteric
    having characteristics of both an acid and a base and capable of reacting as either
  7. isomer
    a compound that exists in forms having different arrangements of atoms but the same molecular weight
  8. enantiomer
    either one of a pair of compounds (crystals or molecules) that are mirror images on each other but are not identical
  9. reaction
    an idea evoked by some experience
  10. balance
    harmonious arrangement or relation of parts within a whole
  11. equation
    a mathematical statement that two expressions are the same
  12. formula
    a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement
  13. molecule
    the simplest structural unit of an element or compound
  14. atom
    the smallest component of an element
  15. atomic
    relating to the smallest component of an element
  16. molecular
    relating to the simplest units of an element or compound
  17. molar
    grinding tooth with a broad crown
  18. molarity
    concentration measured by molecular weight of a substance
  19. molal
    designating a solution containing one mole of solute per kilogram of solvent
  20. molality
    concentration measured by the number of moles of solute per kilogram of solvent
  21. proton
    a stable particle with positive charge
  22. neutron
    an elementary particle with zero charge
  23. electron
    an elementary particle with negative charge
  24. positron
    an elementary particle with positive charge
  25. quark
    (physics) hypothetical truly fundamental particle in mesons and baryons; there are supposed to be six flavors of quarks (and their antiquarks), which come in pairs; each has an electric charge of +2/3 or -1/3
  26. orbital
    relating to the path of a celestial body around another
  27. litmus
    a coloring material that turns red in acid solutions
  28. chelate
    a heterocyclic compound having a metal ion attached by coordinate bonds to at least two nonmetal ions
  29. chelation
    the process of forming a ring by forming one or more hydrogen bonds
  30. ligand
    a substance that forms a complex around a central atom