National Spelling Bee '12: Semifinal and Final Rounds

Some words from the semifinal and final rounds of the 2012 Scripps National Spelling Bee. Read more here:
definitions & notes only words
  1. aoristic
    of or relating to the aorist tense
  2. athanor
    a furnace that feeds itself so as to maintain a uniform temperature; used by alchemists
  3. bacitracin
    a polypeptide antibiotic of known chemical structure effective against several types of Gram-positive organisms; usually applied locally
  4. berserker
    one of the ancient Norse warriors legendary for working themselves into a frenzy before a battle and fighting with reckless savagery and insane fury
  5. cabochon
    a highly polished gem that is cut convexly but without facets
  6. carpophore
    a slender stalk that furnishes an axis for a carpel
  7. caryatid
    a supporting column carved in the shape of a person
  8. cataphract
    armor that protects the wearer's whole body
  9. cephalalgia
    pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs
  10. chatoyant
    varying in color when seen in different lights or from different angles
  11. cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gall bladder
  12. cicatrize
    form a scar, after an injury
  13. cochineal
    Mexican red scale insect that feeds on cacti
  14. coulisse
    a timber member grooved to take a sliding panel
  15. drosophila
    small fruit fly used by Thomas Hunt Morgan in studying basic mechanisms of inheritance
  16. dysthymia
    mild chronic depression
  17. endergonic
    (biochemistry) of a process accompanied by or requiring the absorption of energy; the products of the process are of greater free energy than the reactants
  18. frore
    very cold
  19. gimbaled
    supported on gimbals and remaining steady or level when the base tips
  20. Gotterdammerung
    myth about the ultimate destruction of the gods in a battle with evil
  21. guilloche
    an architectural decoration formed by two intersecting wavy bands
  22. kahikatea
    New Zealand evergreen valued for its light easily worked wood
  23. Liederkranz
    a soft cheese with a strong odor and flavor
  24. lymphopoiesis
    the formation of lymphocytes in the bone marrow and lymph nodes and thymus and spleen
  25. mephitis
    a distinctive odor that is offensively unpleasant
  26. monocotyledon
    a monocotyledonous flowering plant
  27. mumpsimus
    a traditional notion that is obstinately held although it is unreasonable
  28. nephropathy
    a disease affecting the kidneys
  29. nudibranch
    any of various marine gastropods of the suborder Nudibranchia having a shell-less and often beautifully colored body
  30. oxyacetylene
    a mixture of oxygen and acetylene
  31. patas
    reddish long-tailed monkey of west Africa
  32. perleche
    a disorder of the lips marked by scaling and fissures at the corners of the mouth; caused by a deficiency of riboflavin
  33. phalarope
    small sandpiper-like shorebird having lobate toes and being good swimmers; breed in the Arctic and winter in the tropics
  34. phrontistery
    an establishment for study and learning
  35. pleurodynia
    pain in the chest caused by inflammation of the muscles between the ribs
  36. prolegomenon
    a preliminary discussion inserted at the beginning of a book or treatise
  37. quattrocento
    the 15th century in Italian art and literature
  38. rhonchus
    a sound like whistling or snoring that is heard with a stethoscope during expiration as air passes through obstructed channels
  39. stochastically
    by stochastic means
  40. theophylline
    a colorless crystalline alkaloid derived from tea leaves or made synthetically; used in medicine as a bronchial dilator
  41. tocopherol
    a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  42. trophobiosis
    a symbiotic relation in which one organism protects the other in return for some kind of food product
  43. turnverein
    a club of tumblers or gymnasts