GED social studies list

list of words for Achievement Academy social studies students
definitions & notes only words
  1. polls
    the place where people vote
    But public opinion polls seem to echo TV rhetoric, hinting at its wide impact.
    Time (Feb 29, 2012)
    opinion poll-a survey to see what people think
  2. vague
    not clearly understood or expressed
    But behind those vague promises is reluctance by China to move too quickly, and put the country’s vast foreign exchange reserve holdings at risk.
    Washington Post (Feb 28, 2012)
  3. matriarchy
    social organization in which a female is the family head
    In effect, however, women owned the country and women governed it; suddenly the matriarchy existed.
    Cox, Irving E.
  4. patriarchy
    social organization in which a male is the family head
    "We're not going bring down the patriarchy just by preventing new lap-dancing clubs," she said.
    BBC (Nov 11, 2010)
  5. consciousness
    an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself
    While the effects are temporary, with continued use some patients have fully regained consciousness.
    Scientific American (Feb 28, 2012)
  6. predecessor
    one who precedes you in time
    Mrs Arroyo's predecessor Joseph Estrada's trial for corruption lasted six years.
    BBC (Feb 22, 2012)
  7. unprecedented
    novel
    It was an unprecedented wave of coordinated suicide bombing, sustained gunfire and explosions, much of it directed against the police.
    New York Times (Feb 25, 2012)
  8. miscegenation
    reproduction by parents of different races
    We have said that miscegenation in illegitimate fashion, between negro slaves and Europeans, was forbidden.
    Johnson, Willis Fletcher
  9. sanction
    a mechanism of social control for enforcing standards
    Diplomats said at the time the sanctions would be imposed on officials "involved in repression" after the vote.
    BBC (Feb 28, 2012)
  10. reform
    make changes for improvement to remove abuse and injustices
    “The government is trying to make reforms, but no one is listening.”
    New York Times (Feb 28, 2012)
  11. authoritarian
    characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule
    Like many Egyptians under Mubarak's authoritarian regime, Ultra members were randomly rounded up and detained, intimidated and harassed by the police.
    Newsweek (Feb 9, 2012)
  12. totalitarian
    of a government with an authority exerting absolute control
    No one outside North Korea knows whether the secretive, totalitarian nation possesses an actual warhead.
    Scientific American (Dec 20, 2011)
  13. assertion
    a declaration that is made emphatically
    Mr. Espinosa wrote later that an opposition activist claimed that Syria was using “Iranian drones,” but had offered no evidence to back up his assertion.
    New York Times (Feb 24, 2012)
  14. catastrophe
    an event resulting in great loss and misfortune
    Now, in that catastrophe’s aftermath, the fundamental question looms: How safe is safe enough when you’re talking about nuclear energy?
    Time (Feb 22, 2012)
  15. dictator
    a ruler who is unconstrained by law
    Third, federal officials don’t wind up looking like dictators telling states how to do their jobs.
    New York Times (Jan 22, 2012)
  16. famine
    a severe shortage of food resulting in starvation and death
    Viral infections have periodically wiped out the crop in some regions leading to famine.
    BBC (Feb 28, 2012)
  17. hardliner
    a conservative who is uncompromising
    Yes, he's a hardliner on taxes, Social Security, abortion, and lots of other issues.
    Slate (Sep 23, 2011)
  18. colonial
    relating to a body of people who settle far from home
    Thus Colonial frontier men in solitary wilds have few opportunities of courtship or matrimony.
    Escott, T. H. S. (Thomas Hay Sweet)
  19. federal
    national
    Those plans hit a major snag after several federal agencies and industry leaders said the signals would interfere with global positioning technology.
    Washington Post (Feb 28, 2012)
  20. feminist
    a supporter of equal rights for women
    A few younger feminists, though, say that philosophy keeps women in the back seat.
    New York Times (Jan 9, 2012)
  21. conservative
    a person who is reluctant to accept changes and new ideas
    He said he would not “light my hair on fire” to win over skeptical conservatives in the Republican Party.
    New York Times (Feb 28, 2012)
  22. liberal
    a person who favors a philosophy of progress and reform
    A lot of liberals are disappointed by Mr. Obama.
    New York Times (Feb 29, 2012)
  23. imperialism
    a policy of extending your rule over foreign countries
    Imperialism requires centralisation, and thus it is local government gradually disappears.
    Ritchie, J. Ewing (James Ewing)
  24. despot
    a cruel and oppressive dictator
    His ruthless bearing had made him a despot in the imbecile senate.
    Wingfield, Lewis
  25. monarchy
    autocracy governed by a ruler who usually inherits authority
    Monarchies have extended families just so that there’s a source of spares,” Doshisha’s Jones said.
    BusinessWeek (Feb 16, 2012)
  26. democracy
    a political system in which power lies in a body of citizens
    The scenes at the ballot boxes are living testimony to their exercising democracy.
    BBC (Feb 27, 2012)
  27. feudal system
    the social system in which vassals were protected by lords
    But, although the feudal system was still in force, the obligation to render military service, formerly belonging to it, was nearly at an end.
    Taylor, Bayard
  28. parliament
    a legislative assembly in certain countries
    The revised laws will take effect 20 days after they are passed by parliament.
    BBC (Feb 28, 2012)
  29. integration
    incorporating a racial or religious group into a community
    “There is now very much more black-white neighborhood integration than 40 years ago,” said Professor Reynolds Farley of the University of Michigan’s Population Studies Center.
    New York Times (Jan 30, 2012)
  30. amendment
    a statement that is added to a proposal or document
    The two women briefly greeted each other before Ms. Rosales invoked her Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination.
    New York Times (Feb 22, 2012)
  31. nationalism
    love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
    Mr. Myers’s North Korea, Mr. Garner wrote, “is guided by a ‘paranoid, race-based nationalism.’
    New York Times (Dec 28, 2011)
  32. patriotism
    love of country and willingness to sacrifice for it
    He had spoken at length about his patriotism and joked that he joined the space program to get closer to Heaven.
    Scientific American (Feb 20, 2012)
  33. nomad
    a member of a people who have no permanent home
    So Willis has been a windsurfing nomad the past three years.
    Chicago Tribune (Feb 1, 2012)
  34. agriculture
    the class of people engaged in growing food
    Agriculture accounts for 21 percent of Kenya’s total economic output.
    BusinessWeek (Feb 28, 2012)
  35. industry
    the action of making of goods and services for sale
    “No industry is more comprehensively overviewed as aviation,” said David Learmount, operations and safety editor at Flight International magazine.
    New York Times (Feb 28, 2012)
  36. espionage
    the systematic use of spies to obtain secrets
    Hackers interested in corporate espionage often target individuals by using phishing scams that trick users into giving up their personal log-in information.
    Washington Post (Feb 14, 2012)
  37. disproportionate
    out of proper balance
    By disproportionate numbers, these Americans have given up looking for work, making the nation’s recovery appear better than it is.
    Washington Post (Feb 6, 2012)
  38. clergy
    the entire class of religious officials in Christianity
  39. trend
    a general direction in which something tends to move
  40. reign
    the period during which a monarch is in power
    Ahab, according to the Hebrews, reigned 22 years, Omri 12.
    Duncker, Max
  41. impeachment
    a formal document charging a public official with misconduct
    The online organization was started in opposition to President Bill Clinton’s impeachment and became an advocate for overhauling health care.
    BusinessWeek (Nov 17, 2011)
  42. subsequent
    following in time or order
    He said subsequent press coverage affected his "political reputation and chance of winning the election".
    BBC (Feb 28, 2012)
  43. assets
    anything of material value owned by a person or company
    Yahoo Answers, flickr and Groups are all interesting assets that have seen better days but could still be resurrected.”
    Forbes (Feb 28, 2012)
  44. radical
    a person who has revolutionary ideas or opinions
    He's talking about jobs and spending, not whether colleges turn people into radical atheists or some speech President Kennedy delivered 50 years ago. 
    Slate (Feb 27, 2012)
  45. resurgence
    bringing again into activity and prominence
    Digital sales are expected to end 2011 close to 10 percent higher, prompting Bakula to proclaim the sales performance "a great resurgence."
    Reuters (Dec 27, 2011)
  46. haven
    a shelter serving as a place of safety or sanctuary
    Ofttimes it is crowded with shipping seeking a haven of refuge.
    Drake, Samuel Adams
  47. eradicate
    destroy completely, as if down to the roots
    The United States has poured $5 million into the province over the last two years, eradicating poppy farming and trying to make commercial agriculture work.
    New York Times (Jan 25, 2012)
  48. legitimate
    in accordance with accepted standards or principles
    The lines between legitimate and illegitimate businesses are often fuzzy in Russia.
    New York Times (Mar 1, 2012)
  49. insurgent
    a member of an irregular force that fights a stronger force
  50. diplomat
    an official engaged in international negotiations
  51. embassy
    a building where diplomats live or work
  52. ambassador
    a diplomat of the highest rank
  53. heyday
    the period of greatest prosperity or productivity
    Fans have tuned in, though not quite in the monster numbers of Johnson's "Attitude Era" heyday.
    Seattle Times (Mar 24, 2012)
  54. alienate
    make withdrawn or isolated or emotionally dissociated
    Doing so threatens to alienate not just competitors — an outcome Google can probably live with — but users, too.
    Forbes (Jan 11, 2012)
  55. ouster
    the act of ejecting someone or forcing them out
    Egypt’s military rulers have repeatedly warned that “hidden hands” were behind much of the unrest following the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak last year.
    BusinessWeek (Feb 27, 2012)
  56. auspicious
    auguring favorable circumstances and good luck
    Overjoyed at the auspicious circumstance, he went to the princess.
    Day, Lal Behari