woody plant

DEFINITIONS OF: woody plant

1

n a plant having hard lignified tissues or woody parts especially stems

Synonyms:
ligneous plant
Examples:
Yggdrasil
(Norse mythology) a huge ash tree whose roots and branches hold the earth and Heaven and Hell together
Types:
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bugbane
a plant of the genus Cimicifuga having flowers in long racemes or panicles reported to be distasteful to insects
melilot, melilotus, sweet clover
erect annual or biennial plant grown extensively especially for hay and soil improvement
aralia
any of various plants of the genus Aralia; often aromatic plants having compound leaves and small umbellate flowers
combretum
any of numerous shrubs or small trees of the genus Combretum having spikes of small flowers
Ravenala madagascariensis, ravenala, traveler's tree, traveller's tree
giant treelike plant having edible nuts and leafstalks that yield a refreshing drink of clear watery sap; reputedly an emergency source of water for travelers
Pipturus argenteus, Queensland grass-cloth plant
Australian plant of genus Pipturus whose fiber is used in making cloth
milk vetch, milk-vetch
any of various plants of the genus Astragalus
false indigo, wild indigo
any of several plants of the genus Baptisia
bush clover, lespedeza
shrubby or herbaceous plants widely used for forage, soil improvement, and especially hay in southern United States
lupin, lupine
any plant of the genus Lupinus; bearing erect spikes of usually purplish-blue flowers
bignoniad
any woody plant of the family Bignoniaceae
gesneriad
any of numerous tropical or subtropical small shrubs or treelets or epiphytic vines of the family Gesneriaceae: African violet; Cape primroses; gloxinia
figwort
any of numerous tall coarse woodland plants of the genus Scrophularia
nightshade
any of numerous shrubs or herbs or vines of the genus Solanum; most are poisonous though many bear edible fruit
lignosae
a category in some early taxonomies
arborescent plant
having the shape or characteristics of a tree
tree
a tall perennial woody plant having a main trunk and branches forming a distinct elevated crown; includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms
bush, shrub
a low woody perennial plant usually having several major stems
bramble
any of various rough thorny shrubs or vines
Catha edulis
a shrub that is cultivated by Arabs for its leaves which are chewed or used to make tea
ephedra, joint fir
jointed and nearly leafless desert shrub having reduced scalelike leaves and reddish fleshy seeds
yellowwood, yellowwood tree
any of various trees having yellowish wood or yielding a yellow extract
Podocarpus nivalis, alpine totara
low wide-spreading coniferous shrub of New Zealand mountains
Chilean rimu, Lepidothamnus fonkii
about the hardiest Podocarpaceae species; prostrate spreading shrub similar to mountain rimu; mountains of southern Chile
Dacridium laxifolius, Lepidothamnus laxifolius, mountain rimu
low-growing to prostrate shrub with slender trailing branches; New Zealand
Microstrobos niphophilus, Tasman dwarf pine
small shrub or Tasmania having short stiff branches
Oxandra lanceolata, lancewood, lancewood tree
source of most of the lancewood of commerce
Guinea pepper, Xylopia aethiopica, negro pepper
tropical west African evergreen tree bearing pungent aromatic seeds used as a condiment and in folk medicine
barberry
any of numerous plants of the genus Berberis having prickly stems and yellow flowers followed by small red berries
Caulophyllum thalictrioides, Caulophyllum thalictroides, blue cohosh, blueberry root, papoose root, papooseroot, squaw root, squawroot
tall herb of eastern North America and Asia having blue berrylike fruit and a thick knotty rootstock formerly used medicinally
Mahonia aquifolium, Oregon grape, Oregon holly grape, holly-leaves barberry, hollygrape, mountain grape
ornamental evergreen shrub of Pacific coast of North America having dark green pinnate leaves and racemes of yellow flowers followed by blue-black berries
Mahonia nervosa, Oregon grape
small shrub with grey-green leaves and yellow flowers followed by glaucous blue berries
allspice
deciduous shrubs having aromatic bark; eastern China; southwestern and eastern United States
Chimonanthus praecox, Japan allspice, Japanese allspice, winter sweet
deciduous Japanese shrub cultivated for its fragrant yellow flowers
American spicebush, Benjamin bush, Benzoin odoriferum, Lindera benzoin, spice bush, spicebush
deciduous shrub of the eastern United States having highly aromatic leaves and bark and yellow flowers followed by scarlet or yellow berries
anise tree
any of several evergreen shrubs and small trees of the genus Illicium
American bugbane, Cimicifuga americana, summer cohosh
bugbane of the eastern United States having erect racemes of white flowers
Cimicifuga racemosa, black cohosh, black snakeroot, rattle-top
North American bugbane found from Maine and Ontario to Wisconsin and south to Georgia
Cimicifuga foetida, fetid bugbane, foetid bugbane
bugbane of Siberia and eastern Asia having ill-smelling green-white flowers
Drimys winteri, winter's bark, winter's bark tree
South American evergreen tree yielding winter's bark and a light soft wood similar to basswood
Pseudowintera colorata, Wintera colorata, pepper shrub
evergreen shrub or small tree whose foliage is conspicuously blotched with red and yellow and having small black fruits
Myrica gale, Scotch gale, sweet gale
bog shrub of north temperate zone having bitter-tasting fragrant leaves
wax myrtle
any shrub or small tree of the genus Myrica with aromatic foliage and small wax-coated berries
Comptonia asplenifolia, Comptonia peregrina, sweet fern
deciduous shrub of eastern North America with sweet scented fernlike leaves and tiny white flowers
Leitneria floridana, corkwood, corkwood tree
very small deciduous dioecious tree or shrub of damp habitats in southeastern United States having extremely light wood
zebrawood, zebrawood tree
any of various trees or shrubs having mottled or striped wood
Brya ebenus, granadilla tree, granadillo
West Indian tree yielding a fine grade of green ebony
Melilotus alba, white melilot, white sweet clover
biennial plant; valuable honey plant
Melilotus officinalis, yellow sweet clover
biennial yellow-flowered Eurasian plant having aromatic leaves used as carminative or flavoring agent; widely cultivated especially as green manure or cover crop
mimosa
any of various tropical shrubs or trees of the genus Mimosa having usually yellow flowers and compound leaves
acacia
any of various spiny trees or shrubs of the genus Acacia
Adenanthera pavonina, Barbados pride, coral-wood, coralwood, peacock flower fence, red sandalwood
East Indian tree with racemes of yellow-white flowers; cultivated as an ornamental
albizia, albizzia
any of numerous trees of the genus Albizia
Anadenanthera colubrina, Piptadenia macrocarpa
Brazilian shrub having twice-pinnate leaves and small spicate flowers followed by flat or irregularly torulose pods; sometimes placed in genus Piptadenia
calliandra
any of various shrubs and small trees valued for their fine foliage and attractive spreading habit and clustered white to deep pink or red flowers
Enterolobium cyclocarpa, conacaste, elephant's ear
tropical South American tree having a wide-spreading crown of bipinnate leaves and coiled ear-shaped fruits; grown for shade and ornament as well as valuable timber
inga
any tree or shrub of the genus Inga having pinnate leaves and showy usually white flowers; cultivated as ornamentals
Inga edulis, ice-cream bean
ornamental evergreen tree with masses of white flowers; tropical and subtropical America
Inga laurina, guama
tropical tree of Central America and West Indies and Puerto Rico having spikes of white flowers; used as shade for coffee plantations
Leucaena glauca, Leucaena leucocephala, lead tree, white popinac
low scrubby tree of tropical and subtropical North America having white flowers tinged with yellow resembling mimosa and long flattened pods
Lysiloma bahamensis, Lysiloma latisiliqua, wild tamarind
a tree of the West Indies and Florida and Mexico; resembles tamarind and has long flat pods
Lysiloma sabicu, sabicu
West Indian tree yielding a hard dark brown wood resembling mahogany in texture and value
nitta tree
any of several Old World tropical trees of the genus Parkia having heads of red or yellow flowers followed by pods usually containing edible seeds and pulp
Pithecellobium dulce, camachile, huamachil, manila tamarind, wild tamarind
common thorny tropical American tree having terminal racemes of yellow flowers followed by sickle-shaped or circinate edible pods and yielding good timber and a yellow dye and mucilaginous gum
Pithecellodium unguis-cati, black bead, cat's-claw, catclaw
erect shrub with small if any spines having racemes of white to yellow flowers followed by curved pointed pods and black shiny seeds; West Indies and Florida
mesquit, mesquite
any of several small spiny trees or shrubs of the genus Prosopis having small flowers in axillary cylindrical spikes followed by large pods rich in sugar
Acocanthera oblongifolia, Acocanthera spectabilis, poison arrow plant, winter sweet
medium-sized shrubby tree of South Africa having thick leathery evergreen leaves and white or pink flowers and globose usually two-seeded purplish black fruits
Acocanthera oppositifolia, Acocanthera venenata, bushman's poison, ordeal tree
evergreen shrub or tree of South Africa
Adenium multiflorum, Adenium obesum, desert rose, impala lily, kudu lily, mock azalia
South African shrub having a swollen succulent stem and bearing showy pink and white flowers after the leaves fall; popular as an ornamental in tropics
Alstonia scholaris, devil tree, dita, dita bark
evergreen tree of eastern Asia and Philippines having large leathery leaves and small green-white flowers in compact cymes; bark formerly used medicinally
carissa
a shrub of the genus Carissa having fragrant white flowers and plumlike red to purple-black fruits
Holarrhena antidysenterica, Holarrhena pubescens, conessi, ivory tree, kurchee, kurchi
tropical Asian tree with hard white wood and bark formerly used as a remedy for dysentery and diarrhea
frangipani, frangipanni
any of various tropical American deciduous shrubs or trees of the genus Plumeria having milky sap and showy fragrant funnel-shaped variously colored flowers
rauvolfia, rauwolfia
any shrub or small tree of the genus Rauwolfia having leaves in whorls and cymose flowers; yield substances used medicinally especially as emetics or purgatives or antihypertensives
strophanthus
any of various shrubs or small trees of the genus Strophanthus having whorled leaves and showy flowers of various colors in dense and corymbose clusters; some have poisonous seeds
Adam's apple, East Indian rosebay, Nero's crown, Tabernaemontana divaricate, coffee rose, crape jasmine, crepe gardenia, crepe jasmine, pinwheel flower
tropical shrub having glossy foliage and fragrant nocturnal flowers with crimped or wavy corollas; northern India to Thailand
Thevetia neriifolia, Thevetia peruviana, yellow oleander
tropical American shrub or small tree having glossy dark green leaves and fragrant saffron yellow to orange or peach- colored flowers; all parts highly poisonous
American angelica tree, Aralia spinosa, Hercules'-club, devil's walking stick
small deciduous clump-forming tree or shrub of eastern United States
Aralia elata, Japanese angelica tree
deciduous clump-forming Asian shrub or small tree; adventive in the eastern United States
Aralia stipulata, Chinese angelica, Chinese angelica tree
similar to American angelica tree but less prickly; China
Meryta sinclairii, puka
small roundheaded New Zealand tree having large resinous leaves and panicles of green-white flowers
Brassaia actinophylla, Schefflera actinophylla, umbrella tree
erect evergreen shrub or small tree of Australia and northern New Guinea having palmately compound leaves
Batis maritima, saltwort
low-growing strong-smelling coastal shrub of warm parts of the New World having unisexual flowers in conelike spikes and thick succulent leaves
saltbush
any of various shrubby plants of the genus Atriplex that thrive in dry alkaline soil
Bassia scoparia, Kochia scoparia, belvedere, burning bush, fire bush, fire-bush, summer cypress
densely branched Eurasian plant; foliage turns purple-red in autumn
Cycloloma atriplicifolium, tumbleweed, winged pigweed
bushy annual weed of central North America having greenish flowers and winged seeds
Salsola kali, Salsola soda, barilla, glasswort, kali, kelpwort, saltwort
bushy plant of Old World salt marshes and sea beaches having prickly leaves; burned to produce a crude soda ash
Russian cactus, Russian thistle, Russian tumbleweed, Salsola kali tenuifolia, tumbleweed
prickly bushy Eurasian plant; a troublesome weed in central and western United States
Sarcobatus vermiculatus, black greasewood, greasewood
low hardy much-branched spiny shrub common in alkaline soils of western America
Pisonia aculeata, cockspur
small spiny West Indian tree
caper
any of numerous plants of the genus Capparis
Biscutalla laevigata, buckler mustard
plant of southeastern Europe having yellow flowers like those of mustard and pods with open valves resembling bucklers
bush poppy, tree poppy
evergreen shrub of southwestern United States and Mexico often cultivated for its fragrant golden yellow flowers
Argyroxiphium sandwicense, silversword
low-growing plant found only in volcanic craters on Hawaii having rosettes of narrow pointed silver-green leaves and clusters of profuse red-purple flowers on a tall stem
artemisia
any of various composite shrubs or herbs of the genus Artemisia having aromatic green or greyish foliage
Baccharis halimifolia, consumption weed, cotton-seed tree, groundsel bush, groundsel tree
a shrub of salt marshes of eastern and south central North America and West Indies; fruit is surrounded with white plumelike hairy tufts
Baccharis viminea, mule fat
California shrub with slender leafy shoots that are important browse for mule deer
Baccharis pilularis, chaparral broom, coyote brush, coyote bush, kidney wort
widely spreading evergreen shrub of southwestern United States with flower heads in a leafy panicle
goldenbush
any of various much-branched yellow-flowered shrubs of the genus Chrysothamnus; western North America
Hazardia cana, hoary golden bush
western American shrubs having white felted foliage and yellow flowers that become red-purple
mutisia
any of various plants of the genus Mutisia
daisy bush, daisy-bush, daisybush
any of various mostly Australian attractively shaped shrubs of the genus Olearia grown for their handsome and sometimes fragrant evergreen foliage and profusion of daisy flowers with white or purple or blue rays
othonna
a South African plant of the genus Othonna having smooth often fleshy leaves and heads of yellow flowers
Santolina chamaecyparissus, lavender cotton
branching aromatic Mediterranean shrub with woolly stems and leaves and yellow flowers
Cineraria maritima, Senecio cineraria, dusty miller
stiff much-branched perennial of the Mediterranean region having very white woolly stems and leaves
milk thistle, sow thistle
any of several Old World coarse prickly-leaved shrubs and subshrubs having milky juice and yellow flowers; widely naturalized; often noxious weeds in cultivated soil
Ardisia crenata, coralberry, spiceberry
shrub with coral-red berries; Japan to northern India
Ardisia escallonoides, Ardisia paniculata, marlberry
tropical American shrub or small tree with brown wood and dark berries
Plumbago europaea, leadwort
a plant of the genus Plumbago with blue flowers
Jacquinia armillaris, bracelet wood
small West Indian shrub or tree with hard glossy seeds patterned yellow and brown that are used to make bracelets
Jacquinia keyensis, barbasco, joewood
West Indian shrub or small tree having leathery saponaceous leaves and extremely hard wood
pandanus, screw pine
any of various Old World tropical palmlike trees having huge prop roots and edible conelike fruits and leaves like pineapple leaves
mallow
any of various plants of the family Malvaceae
cotton, cotton plant
erect bushy mallow plant or small tree bearing bolls containing seeds with many long hairy fibers
Hoheria populnea, houhere, lacebark, ribbonwood
small tree or shrub of New Zealand having a profusion of axillary clusters of honey-scented paper-white flowers and whose bark is used for cordage
Lavatera arborea, tree mallow, velvet-leaf, velvetleaf
arborescent perennial shrub having palmately lobed furry leaves and showy red-purple flowers; southwestern United States
pavonia
any of various evergreen plants of the genus Pavonia having white or yellow or purple flowers
Plagianthus betulinus, Plagianthus regius, ribbon tree, ribbonwood
deciduous New Zealand tree whose inner bark yields a strong fiber that resembles flax and is called New Zealand cotton
Hibiscus farragei, Radyera farragei, bush hibiscus
southern and western Australian shrub with unlobed or shallowly lobed toothed leaves and purple flowers; sometimes placed in genus Hibiscus
tulipwood tree
any of various trees yielding variously colored woods similar to true tulipwood
Bombax ceiba, Bombax malabarica, red silk-cotton tree, simal
East Indian silk cotton tree yielding fibers inferior to kapok
Montezuma
evergreen tree with large leathery leaves and large pink to orange flowers; considered a link plant between families Bombacaceae and Sterculiaceae
Pseudobombax ellipticum, shaving-brush tree
tree of Mexico to Guatemala having densely hairy flowers with long narrow petals clustered at ends of branches before leaves appear
Brisbane quandong, Elaeocarpus grandis, blue fig, quandong, quandong tree, silver quandong tree
Australian tree having hard white timber and glossy green leaves with white flowers followed by one-seeded glossy blue fruit
Aristotelia racemosa, Aristotelia serrata, New Zealand wine berry, makomako, wineberry
graceful deciduous shrub or small tree having attractive foliage and small red berries that turn black at maturity and are used for making wine
Jamaican cherry, Muntingia calabura, calabur tree, calabura, silk wood, silkwood
a fast-growing tropical American evergreen having white flowers and white fleshy edible fruit; bark yields a silky fiber used in cordage and wood is valuable for staves
Sloanea jamaicensis, break-axe, breakax, breakaxe
West Indian timber tree having very hard wood
bottle tree, bottle-tree
an Australian tree of the genus Brachychiton
dombeya
any of various shrubs or small trees of the genus Dombeya grown for their rounded clusters of exquisite often sweet-scented flowers usually hanging beneath the leaves
Chinese parasol, Chinese parasol tree, Firmiana simplex, Japanese varnish tree, phoenix tree
deciduous tree widely grown in southern United States as an ornamental for its handsome maplelike foliage and long racemes of yellow-green flowers followed by curious leaflike pods
California beauty, flannel bush, flannelbush
any of several handsome evergreen shrubs of California and northern Mexico having downy lobed leaves and showy yellow flowers
screw tree
a tree or shrub of the genus Helicteres
Hermannia verticillata, Mahernia verticillata, honey bell, honeybells
African shrub having decumbent stems and slender yellow honey-scented flowers either solitary or in pairs
Pterospermum acerifolium, maple-leaved bayur, mayeng
Indian tree having fragrant nocturnal white flowers and yielding a reddish wood used for planking; often grown as an ornamental or shade tree
Tarrietia argyrodendron, silver tree
Australian timber tree
Triplochiton scleroxcylon, arere, obeche, obechi, samba
large west African tree having large palmately lobed leaves and axillary cymose panicles of small white flowers and one-winged seeds; yields soft white to pale yellow wood
basswood, lime, lime tree, linden, linden tree
any of various deciduous trees of the genus Tilia with heart-shaped leaves and drooping cymose clusters of yellowish often fragrant flowers; several yield valuable timber
Grewia asiatica, phalsa
drought-resistant Asiatic treelike shrub bearing pleasantly acid small red edible fruits commonly used in sherbets
African hemp, Sparmannia africana
large shrub of South Africa having many conspicuously hairy branches with large hairy leaves and clusters of conspicuous white flowers
protea
any tropical African shrub of the genus Protea having alternate rigid leaves and dense colorful flower heads resembling cones
banksia
any shrub or tree of the genus Banksia having alternate leathery leaves apetalous yellow flowers often in showy heads and conelike fruit with winged seeds
smoke bush
any of various shrubs of the genus Conospermum with panicles of mostly white woolly flowers
Chilean firebush, Chilean flameflower, Embothrium coccineum
grown for outstanding display of brilliant usually scarlet-crimson flowers; Andes
Chile hazel, Chile nut, Chilean hazelnut, Chilean nut, Guevina avellana, Guevina heterophylla
Chilean shrub bearing coral-red fruit with an edible seed resembling a hazelnut
grevillea
any shrub or tree of the genus Grevillea
Hakea laurina, cushion flower, pincushion hakea
tall straggling shrub with large globose crimson-yellow flowers; western Australia
Hakea leucoptera, needle wood, needle-wood, needlewood
large bushy shrub with pungent pointed leaves and creamy white flowers; central and eastern Australia
Hakea lissosperma, needle bush, needle-bush, needlebush
shrub with pungent rigid needle-shaped leaves and white flowers; eastern Australia
Lambertia formosa, honey-flower, honeyflower, mountain devil
erect bushy shrub of eastern Australia having terminal clusters of red flowers yielding much nectar
Leucadendron argenteum, silver tree
small South African tree with long silvery silky foliage
lomatia
any of various ornamental evergreens of the genus Lomatia having attractive fragrant flowers
Orites excelsa, prickly ash
Australian tree having alternate simple leaves (when young they are pinnate with prickly toothed margins) and slender axillary spikes of white flowers
geebung
any of numerous shrubs and small trees having hard narrow leaves and long-lasting yellow or white flowers followed by small edible but insipid fruits
Stenocarpus sinuatus, firewheel tree, wheel tree
eastern Australian tree widely cultivated as a shade tree and for its glossy leaves and circular clusters of showy red to orange-scarlet flowers
Stenocarpus salignus, beefwood, scrub beefwood
tree or tall shrub with shiny leaves and umbels of fragrant creamy-white flowers; yields hard heavy reddish wood
Telopea Oreades, waratah
tall shrub of eastern Australia having oblanceolate to obovate leaves and red flowers in compact racemes
Telopea speciosissima, waratah
straggling shrub with narrow leaves and conspicuous red flowers in dense globular racemes
Xylomelum pyriforme, native pear, woody pear
tree bearing pear-shaped fruit with a thick woody epicarp
casuarina
any of various trees and shrubs of the genus Casuarina having jointed stems and whorls of scalelike leaves; some yield heavy hardwood
heath
a low evergreen shrub of the family Ericaceae; has small bell-shaped pink or purple flowers
andromeda
any of several shrubs of the genus Andromeda having leathery leaves and clusters of small flowers
arbutus
any of several evergreen shrubs of the genus Arbutus of temperate Europe and America
bearberry
chiefly evergreen subshrubs of northern to Arctic areas
manzanita
chiefly evergreen shrubs of warm dry areas of western North America
bryanthus
procumbent Old World mat-forming evergreen shrub with racemes of pinkish-white flowers
Chamaedaphne calyculata, leatherleaf
north temperate bog shrub with evergreen leathery leaves and small white cylindrical flowers
Epigaea repens, mayflower, trailing arbutus
low-growing evergreen shrub of eastern North America with leathery leaves and clusters of fragrant pink or white flowers
Gaultheria shallon, salal, shallon
small evergreen shrub of Pacific coast of North America having edible dark purple grape-sized berries
huckleberry
any of several shrubs of the genus Gaylussacia bearing small berries resembling blueberries
kalmia
any plant of the genus Kalmia
Labrador tea, Ledum groenlandicum, crystal tea
evergreen shrub of eastern North America having white or creamy bell-shaped flowers and dark green hairy leaves used for tea during American Revolution
glandular Labrador tea, trapper's tea
a Rocky Mountain shrub similar to Ledum groenlandicum
Ledum palustre, marsh tea, wild rosemary
bog shrub of northern and central Europe and eastern Siberia to Korea and Japan
Leiophyllum buxifolium, sand myrtle
low-growing evergreen shrub of New Jersey to Florida grown for its many white star-shaped flowers and glossy foliage
leucothoe
any plant of the genus Leucothoe; grown for their beautiful white flowers; glossy foliage contains a poisonous substance similar to that found in genus Kalmia
Leucothoe editorum, Leucothoe fontanesiana, dog hobble, dog laurel, switch-ivy
fast-growing evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having arching interlaced branches and racemes of white flowers
Leucothoe racemosa, sweet bells
bushy deciduous shrub of the eastern United States with long racemes of pinkish flowers
Loiseleuria procumbens, alpine azalea, mountain azalea
creeping mat-forming evergreen shrub of high mountain regions of northern hemisphere grown for its rose-pink flowers
Lyonia mariana, stagger bush, staggerbush
deciduous shrub of coastal plain of the eastern United States having nodding pinkish-white flowers; poisonous to stock
Lyonia ligustrina, he-huckleberry, male berry, maleberry, privet andromeda
deciduous much-branched shrub with dense downy panicles of small bell-shaped white flowers
Lyonia lucida, fetter bush, fetterbush, shiny lyonia
showy evergreen shrub of southeastern United States with shiny leaves and angled branches and clusters of pink to reddish flowers that resemble an umbel
Menziesia ferruginea, false azalea, fool's huckleberry
straggling shrub of northwestern North America having foliage with a bluish tinge and umbels of small bell-shaped flowers
Menziesia pilosa, minnie bush, minniebush
low shrub of the eastern United States with downy twigs
Japanese andromeda, Pieris japonica, andromeda, lily-of-the-valley tree
broad-leaved evergreen Asiatic shrub with glossy leaves and drooping clusters of white flowers
Pieris floribunda, fetterbush, mountain andromeda, mountain fetterbush
ornamental evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having small white bell-shaped flowers
rhododendron
any shrub of the genus Rhododendron: evergreen shrubs or small shrubby trees having leathery leaves and showy clusters of campanulate (bell-shaped) flowers
cranberry
any of numerous shrubs of genus Vaccinium bearing cranberries
blueberry, blueberry bush
any of numerous shrubs of the genus Vaccinium bearing blueberries
Clethra alnifolia, pepper bush, summer sweet, sweet pepperbush, white alder
shrub of eastern and southern coastal United States having beautiful racemes of spice-scented white flowers
Pyxidanthera barbulata, pixie, pixy, pyxie
creeping evergreen shrub having narrow overlapping leaves and early white star-shaped flowers; of the pine barrens of New Jersey and the Carolinas
Australian heath
any heathlike plant of the family Epacridaceae; most are of the Australian region
Astroloma humifusum, Styphelia humifusum, cranberry heath, ground-berry, groundberry, native cranberry
small prostrate or ascending shrub having scarlet flowers and succulent fruit resembling cranberries; sometimes placed in genus Styphelia
Styphelia triflora, pink fivecorner
heathlike shrub of southwestern Australia grown for its sharply scented foliage and pink flowers followed by pentagonal fruit
beech, beech tree
any of several large deciduous trees with rounded spreading crowns and smooth grey bark and small sweet edible triangular nuts enclosed in burs; north temperate regions
chestnut, chestnut tree
any of several attractive deciduous trees yellow-brown in autumn; yield a hard wood and edible nuts in a prickly bur
oak chestnut
a tree of the genus Castanopsis
Castanea chrysophylla, Castanopsis chrysophylla, Chrysolepis chrysophylla, giant chinkapin, golden chinkapin
small ornamental evergreen tree of Pacific Coast whose glossy yellow-green leaves are yellow beneath; bears edible nuts
Chrysolepis sempervirens, dwarf golden chinkapin
evergreen shrub similar to golden chinkapin; mountains of California
Lithocarpus densiflorus, tanbark oak
evergreen tree of the Pacific coast area having large leathery leaves; yields tanbark
evergreen beech, southern beech
any of various beeches of the southern hemisphere having small usually evergreen leaves
oak, oak tree
a deciduous tree of the genus Quercus; has acorns and lobed leaves
Quercus vaccinifolia, huckleberry oak
a low spreading or prostrate shrub of southwestern United States with small acorns and leaves resembling those of the huckleberry
birch, birch tree
any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula having a thin peeling bark
alder, alder tree
north temperate shrubs or trees having toothed leaves and conelike fruit; bark is used in tanning and dyeing and the wood is rot-resistant
hornbeam
any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Carpinus
hop hornbeam
any of several trees resembling hornbeams with fruiting clusters resembling hops
fringe tree
any of various small decorative flowering trees or shrubs of the genus Chionanthus
forestiera
any plant of the genus Forestiera
forsythia
any of various early blooming oleaceous shrubs of the genus Forsythia; native to eastern Asia and southern Europe but widely cultivated for their branches of bright yellow bell-shaped flowers
ash, ash tree
any of various deciduous pinnate-leaved ornamental or timber trees of the genus Fraxinus
jasmine
any of several shrubs and vines of the genus Jasminum chiefly native to Asia
privet
any of various Old World shrubs having smooth entire leaves and terminal panicles of small white flowers followed by small black berries; many used for hedges
American olive, Osmanthus americanus, devilwood
small tree of southern United States having panicles of dull white flowers followed by dark purple fruits
mock privet
evergreen shrub with white flowers and olivelike fruits
lilac
any of various plants of the genus Syringa having large panicles of usually fragrant flowers
witch hazel, witch hazel plant, wych hazel, wych hazel plant
any of several shrubs or trees of the genus Hamamelis; bark yields an astringent lotion
flowering hazel, winter hazel
any of several Asiatic deciduous shrubs cultivated for their nodding racemes of yellow flowers that appear before the leaves
fothergilla, witch alder
any of several deciduous low-growing shrubs of the genus Fothergilla having showy brushlike spikes of white flowers in spring and fiery red and orange autumn color; grows from Alabama to the Allegheny Mountains
dhava, dhawa
an Indian tree of the family Combretaceae that is a source of timber and gum
Combretum bracteosum, hiccough nut, hiccup nut
ornamental African shrub or climber with red flowers
Conocarpus erectus, button mangrove, button tree
evergreen tree or shrub with fruit resembling buttons and yielding heavy hard compact wood
Laguncularia racemosa, white mangrove
shrub to moderately large tree that grows in brackish water along the seacoasts of western Africa and tropical America; locally important as a source of tannin
oleaster
any of several shrubs of the genus Elaeagnus having silver-white twigs and yellow flowers followed by olivelike fruits
Lagerstroemia indica, crape myrtle, crepe flower, crepe myrtle
ornamental shrub from eastern India commonly planted in the southern United States
Jamaica bayberry, Pimenta acris, bay-rum tree, bayberry, wild cinnamon
West Indian tree; source of bay rum
feijoa, feijoa bush
South American shrub having edible greenish plumlike fruit
gum, gum tree
any of various trees of the genera Eucalyptus or Liquidambar or Nyssa that are sources of gum
fuchsia
any of various tropical shrubs widely cultivated for their showy drooping purplish or reddish or white flowers; Central and South America and New Zealand and Tahiti
daphne
any of several ornamental shrubs with shiny mostly evergreen leaves and clusters of small bell-shaped flowers
Dirca palustris, leatherwood, moose-wood, moosewood, ropebark, wicopy
deciduous shrub of eastern North America having tough flexible branches and pliable bark and small yellow flowers
Indian rhododendron, Melastoma malabathricum
evergreen spreading shrub of India and southeastern Asia having large purple flowers
Medinilla magnifica
a beautiful tropical evergreen epiphytic shrub grown for its lush foliage and huge panicles of pink flowers; Philippines
guinea flower, guinea gold vine
any of several Australasian evergreen vines widely cultivated in warm regions for their large bright yellow single flowers
poon
any of several East Indian trees of the genus Calophyllum having shiny leathery leaves and lightweight hard wood
Calophyllum calaba, Santa Maria tree, calaba
West Indian tree having racemes of fragrant white flowers and yielding a durable timber and resinous juice
Calophyllum longifolium, Maria
valuable timber tree of Panama
Calophyllum candidissimum, lancewood tree, laurelwood
tropical American tree; valued for its hard durable wood
clusia
an aromatic tree of the genus Clusia having large white or yellow or pink flowers
Clusia flava, wild fig
a West Indies clusia having fig-shaped fruit
Mesua ferrea, ironwood, ironwood tree, rose chestnut
handsome East Indian evergreen tree often planted as an ornamental for its fragrant white flowers that yield a perfume; source of very heavy hardwood used for railroad ties
Canella winterana, Canella-alba, white cinnamon tree, wild cinnamon
large evergreen shrub or small tree having white aromatic bark and leathery leaves and small purple to red flowers in terminal cymes
Caryocar nuciferum, souari, souari nut, souari tree
large South American evergreen tree trifoliate leaves and drupes with nutlike seeds used as food and a source of cooking oil
rock rose, rockrose
small shrubs of scrub and dry woodland regions of southern Europe and North Africa; grown for their showy flowers and soft often downy and aromatic evergreen foliage
helianthemum, sun rose, sunrose
any plant of the genus Helianthemum; vigorous plants of stony alpine meadows and dry scrub regions
dipterocarp
tree of the family Dipterocarpaceae
Flacourtia indica, Madagascar plum, batoko palm, governor plum, governor's plum, ramontchi
small shrubby tree of Madagascar cultivated in tropical regions as a hedge plant and for its deep red acid fruits resembling small plums
Dovyalis caffra, kei apple, kei apple bush
vigorous South African spiny shrub grown for its round yellow juicy edible fruits
Ceylon gooseberry, Dovyalis hebecarpa, ketembilla, ketembilla tree, kitambilla, kitembilla
a small shrubby spiny tree cultivated for its maroon-purple fruit with sweet purple pulp tasting like gooseberries; Sri Lanka and India
Hydnocarpus kurzii, Taraktagenos kurzii, Taraktogenos kurzii, chaulmoogra, chaulmoogra tree, chaulmugra
East Indian tree with oily seeds yield chaulmoogra oil used to treat leprosy
Hydnocarpus laurifolia, Hydnocarpus wightiana
leathery-leaved tree of western India bearing round fruits with brown densely hairy rind enclosing oily pulp that yields hydnocarpus oil
Idesia polycarpa, idesia
deciduous roundheaded Asiatic tree widely grown in mild climates as an ornamental for its heart-shaped leaves and fragrant yellow-green flowers followed by hanging clusters of fleshy orange-red berries
Kiggelaria africana, wild peach
large much-branched shrub grown primarily for its evergreen foliage
Xylosma congestum, xylosma
shrub or small tree grown as an ornamental in mild climates for its neat evergreen foliage and fragrant late flowers; native of China
candlewood
any of several resinous trees or shrubs often burned for light
Ochna serrulata, bird's-eye bush
shrub with narrow-elliptic glossy evergreen leaves and yellow flowers with leathery petaloid sepals
tamarisk
any shrub or small tree of the genus Tamarix having small scalelike or needle-shaped leaves and feathery racemes of small white or pinkish flowers; of mostly coastal areas with saline soil
German tamarisk, Myricaria germanica, false tamarisk
Eurasian shrub resembling the tamarisk
Australian nettle, Australian nettle tree
any of several tall Australian trees of the genus Laportea
cannabis, hemp
any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
fig tree
any moraceous tree of the tropical genus Ficus; produces a closed pear-shaped receptacle that becomes fleshy and edible when mature
elm, elm tree
any of various trees of the genus Ulmus: important timber or shade trees
hackberry, nettle tree
any of various trees of the genus Celtis having inconspicuous flowers and small berrylike fruits
Ruscus aculeatus, butcher's broom
shrub with stiff flattened stems resembling leaves (cladophylls); used for making brooms
Australian grass tree, grass tree
any of several Australian evergreen perennials having short thick woody stems crowned by a tuft of grasslike foliage and yielding acaroid resins
Cordyline terminalis, ti
shrub with terminal tufts of elongated leaves used locally for thatching and clothing; thick sweet roots are used as food; tropical southeastern Asia, Australia and Hawaii
Cordyline australis, cabbage tree, grass tree
elegant tree having either a single trunk or a branching trunk each with terminal clusters of long narrow leaves and large panicles of fragrant white, yellow or red flowers; New Zealand
yucca
any of several evergreen plants of the genus Yucca having usually tall stout stems and a terminal cluster of white flowers; warmer regions of North America
buddleia, butterfly bush
tropical shrub having clusters of white or violet or yellow flowers
Caesalpinia bonduc, Caesalpinia bonducella, bonduc, bonduc tree
tropical tree with large prickly pods of seeds that resemble beans and are used for jewelry and rosaries
Caesalpinia coriaria, divi-divi
small thornless tree or shrub of tropical America whose seed pods are a source of tannin
Caesalpinia decapetala, Caesalpinia sepiaria, Mysore thorn
spreading thorny shrub of tropical Asia bearing large erect racemes of red-marked yellow flowers
Caesalpinia echinata, brazilwood, peach-wood, peachwood, pernambuco wood
tropical tree with prickly trunk; its heavy red wood yields a red dye and is used for cabinetry
Caesalpinia ferrea, brazilian ironwood
thornless tree yielding heavy wood
Acrocarpus fraxinifolius, shingle tree
East Indian timber tree with hard durable wood used especially for tea boxes
Bauhinia monandra, butterfly flower
shrub or small tree of Dutch Guiana having clusters of pink flowers streaked with purple
Brachystegia speciformis, msasa
small shrubby African tree having compound leaves and racemes of small fragrant green flowers
cassia
any of various trees or shrubs of the genus Cassia having pinnately compound leaves and usually yellow flowers followed by long seedpods
paloverde
a thorny shrub of the genus Cercidium that grows in dry parts of the southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico; has smooth light green bark and racemes of yellow flowers and small leaves
locust, locust tree
any of various hardwood trees of the family Leguminosae
Gymnocladus dioica, Kentucky coffee tree, bonduc, chicot
handsome tree of central and eastern North America having large bipinnate leaves and green-white flowers followed by large woody brown pods whose seeds are used as a coffee substitute
Jerusalem thorn, Parkinsonia aculeata, horsebean
large shrub or shrubby tree having sharp spines and pinnate leaves with small deciduous leaflets and sweet-scented racemose yellow-orange flowers; grown as ornamentals or hedging or emergency food for livestock; tropical America but naturalized in southern United States
Cercidium floridum, Parkinsonia florida, palo verde
densely branched spiny tree of southwestern United States having showy yellow flowers and blue-green bark; sometimes placed in genus Cercidium
Cytisus ramentaceus, Dalmatian laburnum, Petteria ramentacea
erect shrub having large trifoliate leaves and dense clusters of yellow flowers followed by poisonous seeds; Yugoslavia; sometimes placed in genus Cytisus
senna
any of various plants of the genus Senna having pinnately compound leaves and showy usually yellow flowers; many are used medicinally
amorpha
any plant of the genus Amorpha having odd-pinnate leaves and purplish spicate flowers
Anagyris foetida, bean trefoil, stinking bean trefoil
shrub with trifoliate leaves and yellow flowers followed by backward curving seed pods; leaves foetid when crushed
andelmin, angelim
any of several tropical American trees of the genus Andira
Anthyllis barba-jovis, Jupiter's beard, silver-bush, silverbush
silvery hairy European shrub with evergreen foliage and pale yellow flowers
Aspalathus cedcarbergensis, Aspalathus linearis, rooibos
South African shrub having flat acuminate leaves and yellow flowers; leaves are aromatic when dried and used to make an herbal tea
Astragalus glycyphyllos, wild licorice, wild liquorice
European perennial
Astragalus alpinus, alpine milk vetch
perennial of mountainous areas of Eurasia and North America
Astragalus danicus, purple milk vetch
perennial of southern and western Europe having dense racemes of purple or violet flowers
African sandalwood, Baphia nitida, camwood
small shrubby African tree with hard wood used as a dyewood yielding a red dye
Baptisia australis, blue false indigo
wild indigo of the eastern United States having racemes of blue flowers
Baptisia lactea, white false indigo
erect or spreading herb having racemes of creamy white flowers; the eastern United States
Baptisia tinctoria, horsefly weed, indigo broom, rattle weed
much-branched erect herb with bright yellow flowers; distributed from Massachusetts to Florida
Butea frondosa, Butea monosperma, dak, dhak, palas
East Indian tree bearing a profusion of intense vermilion velvet-textured blooms and yielding a yellow dye
Cajanus cajan, cajan pea, catjang pea, dahl, dhal, pigeon pea, pigeon-pea plant, red gram
tropical woody herb with showy yellow flowers and flat pods; much cultivated in the tropics
caragana, pea tree
any plant of the genus Caragana having even-pinnate leaves and mostly yellow flowers followed by seeds in a linear pod
California redbud, Cercis occidentalis, western redbud
shrub of western United States having pink or crimson flowers; often forms thickets
Chamaecytisus palmensis, Cytesis proliferus, tagasaste
shrub of Canary Islands having bristle-tipped oblanceolate leaves; used as cattle fodder
flame pea
any of several small shrubs or twining vines having entire or lobed leaves and racemes of yellow to orange-red flowers; Australia
clianthus, glory pea
any of various shrubs or vines of the genus Clianthus having compound leaves and pea-like red flowers in drooping racemes
Codariocalyx motorius, Desmodium gyrans, Desmodium motorium, semaphore plant, telegraph plant
erect tropical Asian shrub whose small lateral leaflets rotate on their axes and jerk up and down under the influence of sunshine
Colutea arborescens, bladder senna
yellow-flowered European shrub cultivated for its succession of yellow flowers and very inflated bladdery pods and as a source of wildlife food
coronilla
any of various plants of the genus Coronilla having purple or pink or yellow flowers in long axillary heads or umbels
broom
any of various shrubs of the genera Cytisus or Genista or Spartium having long slender branches and racemes of yellow flowers
rosewood, rosewood tree
any of those hardwood trees of the genus Dalbergia that yield rosewood--valuable cabinet woods of a dark red or purplish color streaked and variegated with black
Dalbergia sissoo, sisham, sissoo, sissu
East Indian tree whose leaves are used for fodder; yields a compact dark brown durable timber used in shipbuilding and making railroad ties
Dalbergia cearensis, kingwood, kingwood tree
Brazilian tree yielding a handsome cabinet wood
Dalbergia retusa, cocobolo
a valuable timber tree of tropical South America
blackwood, blackwood tree
any of several hardwood trees yielding very dark-colored wood
Dalea spinosa, smoke tree
greyish-green shrub of desert regions of southwestern United States and Mexico having sparse foliage and terminal spikes of bluish violet flowers; locally important as source of a light-colored honey of excellent flavor
bitter pea
any of several spiny shrubs of the genus Daviesia having yellow flowers and triangular seeds; Australia
derris
any of various usually woody vines of the genus Derris of tropical Asia whose roots yield the insecticide rotenone; several are sources of native fish and arrow poisons
coral tree, erythrina
any of various shrubs or shrubby trees of the genus Erythrina having trifoliate leaves and racemes of scarlet to coral red flowers and black seeds; cultivated as an ornamental
gastrolobium, poison bush, poison pea
any of various Australian evergreen shrubs of the genus Gastrolobium having whorled compound leaves poisonous to livestock and showy yellow to deep reddish-orange flowers followed by two-seeded pods
Geoffroea decorticans, chanal, chanar
thorny shrub or small tree common in central Argentina having small orange or yellow flowers followed by edible berries
gliricidia
any of several small deciduous trees valued for their dark wood and dense racemes of nectar-rich pink flowers grown in great profusion on arching branches; roots and bark and leaves and seeds are poisonous
Halimodendron argenteum, Halimodendron halodendron, salt tree
spiny shrub of the Caspian salt plains and Siberia having elegant silvery, downy young foliage and mildly fragrant pink-purple blooms
hovea, purple pea
any of several attractive evergreen shrubs of Australia grown for their glossy deep green foliage and flowers in rich blues and intense violets
Indigofera tinctoria, indigo, indigo plant
deciduous subshrub of southeastern Asia having pinnate leaves and clusters of red or purple flowers; a source of indigo dye
Lespedeza bicolor, bicolor lespediza, ezo-yama-hagi
Asian shrub having conspicuous racemose rose-purple flowers widely used as an ornamental and in erosion control and as a source of feed for wild birds
Lespedeza striata, jap clover, japan clover, japanese clover
an annual of tropical Asia naturalized in United States
Korean lespedeza, Lespedeza stipulacea
annual native to Korea but widely cultivated for forage and hay in hot dry regions
Lespedeza cuneata, Lespedeza sericea, sericea lespedeza
perennial widely planted as for forage and as hay crop especially on poor land
Egyptian lupine, Lupinus albus, field lupine, white lupine, wolf bean
white-flowered Eurasian herb widely cultivated for forage and erosion control
Lupinus arboreus, tree lupine
evergreen shrub of the Pacific coast of the United States having showy yellow or blue flowers; naturalized in Australia
Lupinus luteus, yellow lupine
yellow-flowered European lupine cultivated for forage
Lupinus subcarnosus, Texas bluebonnet, bluebonnet, buffalo clover
low-growing annual herb of southwestern United States (Texas) having silky foliage and blue flowers; a leading cause of livestock poisoning in the southwestern United States
Lupinus texensis, Texas bluebonnet
closely resembles Lupinus subcarnosus; southwestern United States (Texas)
millettia
any of several tropical trees or shrubs yielding showy streaked dark reddish or chocolate-colored wood
mucuna
any of several erect or climbing woody plants of the genus Mucuna; widespread in tropics of both hemispheres
Myroxylon balsamum, Myroxylon toluiferum, tolu balsam tree, tolu tree
medium-sized tropical American tree yielding tolu balsam and a fragrant hard wood used for high-grade furniture and cabinetwork
Myroxylon balsamum pereirae, Myroxylon pereirae, Peruvian balsam
tree of South and Central America yielding an aromatic balsam
necklace tree
a tree of the genus Ormosia having seeds used as beads
Pickeringia montana, chaparral pea, stingaree-bush
spiny evergreen xerophytic shrub having showy rose and purple flowers and forming dense thickets; of dry rocky mountain slopes of California
Jamaica dogwood, Piscidia erythrina, Piscidia piscipula, fish fuddle
small tree of West Indies and Florida having large odd-pinnate leaves and panicles of red-striped purple to white flowers followed by decorative curly winged seedpods; yields fish poisons
Platylobium formosum, flat pea
evergreen shrub having almost heart-shaped foliage and bright yellow pea-like flowers followed by flat pods with flat wings; Australia and Tasmania
Playlobium obtusangulum, common flat pea, native holly
low spreading evergreen shrub of southern Australia having triangular to somewhat heart-shaped foliage and orange-yellow flowers followed by flat winged pods
quira
any of several tropical American trees some yielding economically important timber
Indian beech, Pongamia glabra
evergreen Asiatic tree having glossy pinnate leaves and racemose creamy-white scented flowers; used as a shade tree
Pterocarpus angolensis, bloodwood tree, kiaat
deciduous South African tree having large odd-pinnate leaves and profuse fragrant orange-yellow flowers; yields a red juice and heavy strong durable wood
Pterocarpus indicus, amboyna, padauk, padouk
tree native to southeastern Asia having reddish wood with a mottled or striped black grain
Burma padauk, Burmese rosewood, Pterocarpus macrocarpus
tree of India and Burma yielding a wood resembling mahogany
Pterocarpus marsupium, kino
East Indian tree yielding a resin or extract often used medicinally and in e.g. tanning
Pterocarpus santalinus, red sandalwood, red sanders, red sanderswood, red saunders
tree of India and East Indies yielding a hard fragrant timber prized for cabinetwork and dark red heartwood used as a dyewood
Genista raetam, Retama raetam, juniper, juniper bush, raetam, retem
desert shrub of Syria and Arabia having small white flowers; constitutes the juniper of the Old Testament; sometimes placed in genus Genista
Robinia hispida, bristly locust, moss locust, rose acacia
large shrub or small tree of the eastern United States having bristly stems and large clusters of pink flowers
Sabinea carinalis, carib wood
small Dominican tree bearing masses of large crimson flowers before the fine pinnate foliage emerges
Sesbania grandiflora, scarlet wisteria tree, vegetable hummingbird
a softwood tree with lax racemes of usually red or pink flowers; tropical Australia and Asia; naturalized in southern Florida and West Indies
Chinese scholar tree, Chinese scholartree, Japanese pagoda tree, Sophora japonica, Sophora sinensis
handsome roundheaded deciduous tree having compound dark green leaves and profuse panicles of fragrant creamy-white flowers; China and Japan
Sophora secundiflora, coral bean, frijolillo, frijolito, mescal bean
shrub or small tree having pinnate leaves poisonous to livestock and dense racemes of intensely fragrant blue flowers and red beans
Sophora tetraptera, kowhai
shrub or small tree of New Zealand and Chile having pendulous racemes of tubular golden-yellow flowers; yields a hard strong wood
Templetonia retusa, coral bush, flame bush
Australian shrub having simple obovate leaves and brilliant scarlet flowers
pride of Bolivia, tipu, tipu tree, yellow jacaranda
semi-evergreen South American tree with odd-pinnate leaves and golden yellow flowers cultivated as an ornamental
Irish gorse, Ulex europaeus, furze, gorse, whin
very spiny and dense evergreen shrub with fragrant golden-yellow flowers; common throughout western Europe
Viminaria denudata, Viminaria juncea, swamp oak
Australian leafless shrub resembling broom and having small yellow flowers
Virgilia capensis, Virgilia oroboides, keurboom
tree with odd-pinnate leaves and racemes of fragrant pink to purple flowers
Virgilia divaricata, keurboom
fast-growing roundheaded tree with fragrant white to deep rose flowers; planted as an ornamental
palm, palm tree
any plant of the family Palmae having an unbranched trunk crowned by large pinnate or palmate leaves
rose, rosebush
any of many shrubs of the genus Rosa that bear roses
Juneberry, service tree, serviceberry, shadblow, shadbush
any of various North American trees or shrubs having showy white flowers and edible blue-black or purplish fruit
flowering quince
Asiatic ornamental shrub with spiny branches and pink or red blossoms
cotoneaster
any shrub of the genus Cotoneaster: erect or creeping shrubs having richly colored autumn foliage and many small white to pinkish flowers followed by tiny red or black fruits
haw, hawthorn
a spring-flowering shrub or small tree of the genus Crataegus
Christmas berry, Christmasberry, Heteromeles arbutifolia, Photinia arbutifolia, tollon, toyon
ornamental evergreen treelike shrub of the Pacific coast of the United States having large white flowers and red berrylike fruits; often placed in genus Photinia
cinquefoil, five-finger
any of a numerous plants grown for their five-petaled flowers; abundant in temperate regions; alleged to have medicinal properties
Prunus laurocerasus, cherry laurel, laurel cherry
frequently cultivated Eurasian evergreen shrub or small tree having showy clusters of white flowers and glossy foliage and yielding oil similar to bitter almond oil
Prunus cuneata, Prunus pumila, Prunus pumilla susquehanae, Prunus susquehanae, sand cherry
small straggling American cherry growing on sandy soil and having minute scarcely edible purplish-black fruit
Prunus spinosa, blackthorn, sloe
a thorny Eurasian bush with plumlike fruits
Pyracantha, fire thorn, firethorn, pyracanth
any of various thorny shrubs of the genus Pyracantha bearing small white flowers followed by hard red or orange-red berries
bramble bush
any prickly shrub of the genus Rubus bearing edible aggregate fruits
spiraea, spirea
any rosaceous plant of the genus Spiraea; has sprays of small white or pink flowers
Calycophyllum candidissimum, dagame, lemonwood tree
source of a tough elastic wood
Chiococca alba, West Indian snowberry, blolly
evergreen climbing shrub of southern Florida and West Indies grown for its racemes of fragrant white to creamy flowers followed by globose white succulent berries
coffee, coffee tree
any of several small trees and shrubs native to the tropical Old World yielding coffee beans
chinchona, cinchona
any of several trees of the genus Cinchona
gardenia
any of various shrubs and small trees of the genus Gardenia having large fragrant white or yellow flowers
hamelia
any of several flowering tropical or subtropical shrubs of the genus Hamelia
Nauclea diderrichii, Sarcocephalus diderrichii, opepe
large African forest tree yielding a strong hard yellow to golden brown lumber; sometimes placed in genus Sarcocephalus
Georgia bark, Pinckneya pubens, bitter-bark, fever tree
ornamental shrub or small tree of swampy areas in southwestern United States having large pink or white sepals and yielding Georgia bark for treating fever
Psychotria capensis, lemon-wood, lemon-wood tree, lemonwood, lemonwood tree
South African evergreen having hard tough wood
Sarcocephalus esculentus, Sarcocephalus latifolius, negro peach
a stout spreading or semi-climbing tropical shrub with round brownish-red warty fruit; Africa
Vangueria infausta, medlar, wild medlar, wild medlar tree
small deciduous tree of southern Africa having edible fruit
Spanish tamarind, Vangueria madagascariensis
shrubby tree of Madagascar occasionally cultivated for its edible apple-shaped fruit
abelia
any of various deciduous or evergreen ornamental shrubs of the genus Abelia having opposite simple leaves and cymes of small white or pink or purplish flowers; Asia and Mexico
Diervilla lonicera, bush honeysuckle
spreading bush of northeastern United States having small clusters of fragrant green and yellow flowers
Diervilla sessilifolia, bush honeysuckle
bush honeysuckle of southeastern United States having large crowded clusters of sulfur-yellow flowers
Kolkwitzia amabilis, beauty bush
Chinese deciduous shrub with yellow-throated pinkish flowers and bristly fruit; often cultivated as an ornamental
Himalaya honeysuckle, Leycesteria formosa
shrub honeysuckle with drooping spikes of purplish flowers
honeysuckle
shrub or vine of the genus Lonicera
Indian currant, Symphoricarpos orbiculatus, coralberry
North American deciduous shrub cultivated for it abundant clusters of coral-red berrylike fruits
elder, elderberry bush
any of numerous shrubs or small trees of temperate and subtropical northern hemisphere having white flowers and berrylike fruit
American cranberry bush, Viburnum trilobum, cranberry bush, cranberry tree, highbush cranberry
deciduous North American shrub or small tree having three-lobed leaves and red berries
Viburnum lantana, twist wood, twistwood, wayfaring tree
vigorous deciduous European treelike shrub common along waysides; red berries turn black
European cranberry bush, European cranberrybush, Viburnum opulus, crampbark, cranberry tree, guelder rose
deciduous thicket-forming Old World shrub with clusters of white flowers and small bright red berries
Viburnum dentatum, arrow wood, southern arrow wood
deciduous shrub of eastern North America having blue-black berries and tough pliant wood formerly used to make arrows
Viburnum recognitum, arrow wood
closely related to southern arrow wood; grows in the eastern United States from Maine to Ohio and Georgia
Viburnum prunifolium, black haw
upright deciduous shrub having frosted dark-blue fruit; east and east central North America
Weigela florida, weigela
deciduous shrub widely cultivated for its white or pink or red flowers
Erythroxylon coca, coca, coca plant
a South American shrub whose leaves are chewed by natives of the Andes; a source of cocaine
Erythroxylon truxiuense
a South American shrub whose leaves are a source of cocaine
incense tree
any of various tropical trees of the family Burseraceae yielding fragrant gums or resins that are burned as incense
mahogany, mahogany tree
any of various tropical timber trees of the family Meliaceae especially the genus Swietinia valued for their hard yellowish- to reddish-brown wood that is readily worked and takes a high polish
China tree, Melia azedarach, Melia azederach, Persian lilac, azedarach, azederach, chinaberry, chinaberry tree, pride-of-India
tree of northern India and China having purple blossoms and small inedible yellow fruits; naturalized in the southern United States as a shade tree
Azadirachta indica, Melia Azadirachta, arishth, margosa, neem, neem tree, nim tree
large semi-evergreen tree of the East Indies; trunk exudes a tenacious gum; bitter bark used as a tonic; seeds yield an aromatic oil; sometimes placed in genus Melia
Chloroxylon swietenia, satinwood, satinwood tree
East Indian tree with valuable hard lustrous yellowish wood;
silver ash
any of various timber trees of the genus Flindersia
Lansium domesticum, langsat, langset, lanseh tree
East Indian tree bearing an edible yellow berry
African walnut, Lovoa klaineana
tropical African timber tree with wood that resembles mahogany
turreae
any of numerous trees and shrubs grown for their beautiful glossy foliage and sweetly fragrant starry flowers
lepidobotrys
African tree often classified in other families; similar to the Costa Rican caracolito in wood structure as well as in fruit and flowers and leaves and seeds
Ruptiliocarpon caracolito, caracolito
large Costa Rican tree having light-colored wood suitable for cabinetry; similar to the African lepidobotrys in wood structure as well as in fruit and flowers and leaves and seeds; often classified in other families
Phellodendron amurense, cork tree
deciduous tree of China and Manchuria having a turpentine aroma and handsome compound leaves turning yellow in autumn and deeply fissured corky bark
Poncirus trifoliata, trifoliata, trifoliate orange, wild orange
small fast-growing spiny deciduous Chinese orange tree bearing sweetly scented flowers and decorative but inedible fruit: used as a stock in grafting and for hedges
prickly ash
any of a number of trees or shrubs of the genus Zanthoxylum having spiny branches
bitterwood tree
any of various trees or shrubs of the family Simaroubaceae having wood and bark with a bitter taste
Kirkia wilmsii, pepper tree
small African deciduous tree with spreading crown having leaves clustered toward ends of branches and clusters of creamy flowers resembling lilacs
Syrian bean caper, Zygophyllum fabago, bean caper
perennial shrub of the eastern Mediterranean region and southwestern Asia having flowers whose buds are used as capers
Larrea tridentata, coville, creosote bush, hediondilla
desert shrub of southwestern United States and New Mexico having persistent resinous aromatic foliage and small yellow flowers
willow, willow tree
any of numerous deciduous trees and shrubs of the genus Salix
Santalum album, sandalwood tree, true sandalwood
parasitic tree of Indonesia and Malaysia having fragrant close-grained yellowish heartwood with insect repelling properties and used, e.g., for making chests
Eucarya acuminata, Fusanus acuminatus, quandang, quandong, quandong tree
Australian tree with edible flesh and edible nutlike seed
aalii
a small Hawaiian tree with hard dark wood
soapberry, soapberry tree
a tree of the genus Sapindus whose fruit is rich in saponin
box, boxwood
evergreen shrubs or small trees
staff tree
any small tree or twining shrub of the genus Celastrus
spindle tree, spindleberry, spindleberry tree
any shrubby trees or woody vines of the genus Euonymus having showy usually reddish berries
Euonymus atropurpureus, burning bush, wahoo
deciduous shrub having purple capsules enclosing scarlet seeds
Euonymus americanus, strawberry bush, wahoo
upright deciduous plant with crimson pods and seeds; the eastern United States from New York to Florida and Texas
Cyrilla racemiflora, cyrilla, leatherwood, white titi
shrub or small tree of southeastern United States to West Indies and Brazil; grown for the slender racemes of white flowers and orange and crimson foliage
crowberry
a low evergreen shrub with small purple flowers and black berrylike fruit
Chinese holly, Ilex cornuta
dense rounded evergreen shrub of China having spiny leaves; widely cultivated as an ornamental
smoke bush, smoke tree
any of several shrubs or shrubby trees of the genus Cotinus
Malosma laurina, Rhus laurina, laurel sumac
small aromatic evergreen shrub of California having paniculate leaves and whitish berries; in some classifications included in genus Rhus
Pistacia lentiscus, lentisk, mastic, mastic tree
an evergreen shrub of the Mediterranean region that is cultivated for its resin
shumac, sumac, sumach
a shrub or tree of the genus Rhus (usually limited to the non-poisonous members of the genus)
Schinus chichita, aroeira blanca
small resinous tree or shrub of Brazil
Peruvian mastic tree, Schinus molle, molle, pepper tree
small Peruvian evergreen with broad rounded head and slender pendant branches with attractive clusters of greenish flowers followed by clusters of rose-pink fruits
Brazilian pepper tree, Schinus terebinthifolius
small Brazilian evergreen resinous tree or shrub having dark green leaflets and white flowers followed by bright red fruit; used as a street tree and lawn specimen
Diospyros ebenum, ebony, ebony tree
tropical tree of southern Asia having hard dark-colored heartwood used in cabinetwork
Andaman marble, Diospyros kurzii, marble-wood, marblewood
large Asiatic tree having hard marbled zebrawood
buckthorn
any shrub or small tree of the genus Bumelia
Manilkara bidentata, balata, balata tree, beefwood, bully tree
a tropical hardwood tree yielding balata gum and heavy red timber
Palaquium gutta, gutta-percha tree
one of several East Indian trees yielding gutta-percha
gutta-percha tree
one of several East Indian trees yielding gutta-percha
Calocarpum zapota, Pouteria zapota, mammee, marmalade tree, sapote
tropical American tree having wood like mahogany and sweet edible egg-shaped fruit; in some classifications placed in the genus Calocarpum
styrax
any shrub or small tree of the genus Styrax having fragrant bell-shaped flowers that hang below the dark green foliage
Ceratopetalum gummiferum, Christmas bush, Christmas tree
Australian tree or shrub with red flowers; often used in Christmas decoration
hydrangea
any of various deciduous or evergreen shrubs of the genus Hydrangea
philadelphus
any of various chiefly deciduous ornamental shrubs of the genus Philadelphus having white sweet-scented flowers, single or in clusters; widely grown in temperate regions
Schizophragma hydrangeoides, climbing hydrangea
climbing shrub with adhesive aerial roots having opposite leaves and small white flowers in terminal cymes; Himalayas to Taiwan and Japan
Francoa ramosa, bridal wreath, bridal-wreath
Chilean evergreen shrub having delicate spikes of small white flowers
currant, currant bush
any of various deciduous shrubs of the genus Ribes bearing currants
Ribes grossularia, Ribes uva-crispa, gooseberry, gooseberry bush
spiny Eurasian shrub having greenish purple-tinged flowers and ovoid yellow-green or red-purple berries
plane tree, platan, sycamore
any of several trees of the genus Platanus having thin pale bark that scales off in small plates and lobed leaves and ball-shaped heads of fruits
Graptophyllum pictum, caricature plant
tropical Old World shrub having purple or red tubular flowers and leaf markings resembling the profile of a human face
Chilopsis linearis, desert willow
evergreen shrubby tree resembling a willow of dry regions of southwestern North America having showy purplish flowers and long seed pods
Crescentia cujete, calabash, calabash tree
tropical American evergreen that produces large round gourds
Cordia gerascanthus, Spanish elm, princewood
tropical American timber tree
columnea
tropical plant having thick hairy somewhat toothed leaves and solitary or clustered yellow to scarlet flowers; many cultivated for their flowers and ornamental foliage
Eriodictyon californicum, yerba santa
viscid evergreen shrub of western United States with white to deep lilac flowers; the sticky aromatic leaves are used in treating bronchial and pulmonary illnesses
Apalachicola rosemary, Conradina glabra
small shrub of Apalachicola River area in southeastern United States having highly aromatic pinkish flowers; a threatened species
lavender
any of various Old World aromatic shrubs or subshrubs with usually mauve or blue flowers; widely cultivated
Lepechinia calycina, Sphacele calycina, pitcher sage
California plant with woolly stems and leaves and large white flowers
Pogostemon cablin, pachouli, patchouli, patchouly
small East Indian shrubby mint; fragrant oil from its leaves is used in perfumes
red shrubby penstemon, redwood penstemon
low branching dark green shrub with bunches of brick-red flowers at ends of branches; coastal ranges and foothills of northern California
Solanum aviculare, kangaroo apple, poroporo
Australian annual sometimes cultivated for its racemes of purple flowers and edible yellow egg-shaped fruit
Solanum carolinense, ball nettle, ball nightshade, bull nettle, horse nettle
coarse prickly weed having pale yellow flowers and yellow berrylike fruit; common throughout southern and eastern United States
Solanum dulcamara, bittersweet, bittersweet nightshade, climbing nightshade, deadly nightshade, poisonous nightshade, woody nightshade
poisonous perennial Old World vine having violet flowers and oval coral-red berries; widespread weed in North America
Solanum elaeagnifolium, prairie berry, purple nightshade, silver-leaved nettle, silver-leaved nightshade, silverleaf nightshade, trompillo, white horse nettle
weedy nightshade with silvery foliage and violet or blue or white flowers; roundish berry widely used to curdle milk; central United States to South America
African holly, Solanum giganteum
woolly-stemmed biennial arborescent shrub of tropical Africa and southern Asia having silvery-white prickly branches, clusters of blue or white flowers, and bright red berries resembling holly berries
Solanum nigrum, black nightshade, common nightshade, poison-berry, poisonberry
Eurasian herb naturalized in America having white flowers and poisonous hairy foliage and bearing black berries that are sometimes poisonous but sometimes edible
Jerusalem cherry, Madeira winter cherry, Solanum pseudocapsicum, winter cherry
small South American shrub cultivated as a houseplant for its abundant ornamental but poisonous red or yellow cherry-sized fruit
Solanum quitoense, naranjilla
small perennial shrub cultivated in uplands of South America for its edible bright orange fruits resembling tomatoes or oranges
Solanum rostratum, buffalo bur
North American nightshade with prickly foliage and racemose yellow flowers
Brazilian potato tree, Solanum macranthum, Solanum wrightii, potato tree
South American shrub or small tree widely cultivated in the tropics; not a true potato
Brunfelsia americana, lady-of-the-night
West Indian shrub with fragrant showy yellowish-white flowers
Brugmansia arborea, Datura arborea, angel's trumpet, maikoa
a South American plant that is cultivated for its large fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers
Brugmansia suaveolens, Datura suaveolens, angel's trumpet
South American plant cultivated for its very large nocturnally fragrant trumpet-shaped flowers
Brugmansia sanguinea, Datura sanguinea, red angel's trumpet
arborescent South American shrub having very large orange-red flowers
capsicum, capsicum pepper plant, pepper
any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers
Cestrum diurnum, day jessamine
West Indian evergreen shrub having clusters of funnel-shaped white flowers that are fragrant by day
Cestrum nocturnum, night jasmine, night jessamine
West Indian evergreen shrub having clusters of funnel-shaped yellow-white flowers that are fragrant by night
tamarillo, tree tomato
South American arborescent shrub having pale pink blossoms followed by egg-shaped reddish-brown edible fruit somewhat resembling a tomato in flavor
thorn apple
any of several plants of the genus Datura
Fabiana imbricata, pichi
Peruvian shrub with small pink to lavender tubular flowers; leaves yield a tonic and diuretic
boxthorn, matrimony vine
any of various shrubs or vines of the genus Lycium with showy flowers and bright berries
Christmas berry, Christmasberry, Lycium carolinianum
spiny evergreen shrub of southeastern United States having spreading branches usually blue or mauve flowers and red berries
Solandra guttata, chalice vine, cupflower, trumpet flower
Mexican evergreen climbing plant having large solitary funnel-shaped fragrant yellow flowers with purple-brown ridges in the throat
Streptosolen jamesonii, fire bush, fire-bush, marmalade bush
evergreen South American shrub having showy trumpet-shaped orange flowers; grown as an ornamental or houseplant
Avicennia officinalis, white mangrove
a small to medium-sized tree growing in brackish water especially along the shores of the southwestern Pacific
Aegiceras majus, black mangrove
an Australian tree resembling the black mangrove of the West Indies and Florida
Tectona grandis, teak
tall East Indian timber tree now planted in western Africa and tropical America for its hard durable wood
spurge
any of numerous plants of the genus Euphorbia; usually having milky often poisonous juice
Acalypha virginica, three-seeded mercury
weedy herb of eastern North America
Croton tiglium, croton
tropical Asiatic shrub; source of croton oil
Codiaeum variegatum, croton
grown in many varieties for their brightly colored foliage; widely cultivated as a houseplant
Ricinus communis, castor bean plant, castor-oil plant, palma christ, palma christi
large shrub of tropical Africa and Asia having large palmate leaves and spiny capsules containing seeds that are the source of castor oil and ricin; widely naturalized throughout the tropics
casava, cassava
any of several plants of the genus Manihot having fleshy roots yielding a nutritious starch
slipper plant, slipper spurge
any of several tropical American shrubby succulent plants resembling cacti but having foot-shaped bracts
camelia, camellia
any of several shrubs or small evergreen trees having solitary white or pink or reddish flowers
Camellia sinensis, tea
a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India; source of tea leaves
Eryngium maritimum, sea eryngium, sea holly, sea holm
European evergreen eryngo with twisted spiny leaves naturalized on United States east coast; roots formerly used as an aphrodisiac
Griselinia lucida, puka
South American shrub or small tree having long shining evergreen leaves and panicles of green or yellow flowers
Griselinia littoralis, kapuka
small New Zealand broadleaf evergreen tree often cultivated in warm regions as an ornamental
snag
a dead tree that is still standing, usually in an undisturbed forest
timber tree
any tree that is valued as a source of lumber or timber
treelet
a small tree
arbor
tree (as opposed to shrub)
bean tree
any of several trees having seedpods as fruits
pollard
a tree with limbs cut back to promote a more bushy growth of foliage
sapling
young tree
shade tree
a tree planted or valued chiefly for its shade from sunlight
gymnospermous tree
any tree of the division Gymnospermophyta
angiospermous tree, flowering tree
any tree having seeds and ovules contained in the ovary
fever tree
any of several trees having leaves or bark used to allay fever or thought to indicate regions free of fever
bonsai
a dwarfed ornamental tree or shrub grown in a tray or shallow pot
undershrub
a low shrub
burning bush
(Old Testament) the bush that burned without being consumed and from which God spoke to Moses
shrublet
dwarf shrub
subshrub, suffrutex
low-growing woody shrub or perennial with woody base
flowering shrub
shrub noted primarily for its flowers
buckthorn
a shrub or shrubby tree of the genus Rhamnus; fruits are source of yellow dyes or pigments
nakedwood
any of several small to medium-sized trees of Florida and West Indies with thin scaly bark and heavy dark heartwood
Christ's-thorn, Jerusalem thorn, Ziziphus jujuba, jujube, jujube bush
spiny tree having dark red edible fruits
Ziziphus lotus, lotus tree
shrubby deciduous tree of the Mediterranean region
Christ's-thorn, Jerusalem thorn, Paliurus spina-christi
thorny Eurasian shrub with dry woody winged fruit
Pomaderris apetala, hazel, hazel tree
Australian tree grown especially for ornament and its fine-grained wood and bearing edible nuts
stephanotis
any of various evergreen climbing shrubs of the genus Stephanotis having fragrant waxy flowers
tree of knowledge
the biblical tree in the Garden of Eden whose forbidden fruit was tasted by Adam and Eve
Type of:
tracheophyte, vascular plant
green plant having a vascular system: ferns, gymnosperms, angiosperms
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