truncate

The verb truncate means to cut off or shorten. You can truncate a board that is too long using a power saw, a chain saw, or perhaps even a karate kick.

The word truncate is from a Latin word, truncare, which means "to maim or to cut off." Although this brings to mind a more grisly image ("truncate a limb in an accident"), you can actually truncate things that are not related to anatomy. You could truncate an essay by omitting a paragraph or two, or you could even truncate your vacation in Belize by heading home early.

DEFINITIONS OF: truncate

1

v make shorter as if by cutting off

truncate a word”
“Erosion has truncated the ridges of the mountains”
Synonyms:
cut short
Type of:
shorten
make shorter than originally intended; reduce or retrench in length or duration

v approximate by ignoring all terms beyond a chosen one

truncate a series”
Type of:
approximate, estimate, gauge, guess, judge
judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time)

v replace a corner by a plane

Type of:
exchange, interchange, replace, substitute
put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items

adj terminating abruptly by having or as if having an end or point cut off

“a truncate leaf”
Synonyms:
truncated
short
(primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length
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