trench

A trench is a deep and narrow hole, or ditch, in the ground, like the kind soldiers on frontlines might dig to give themselves shelter from the enemy.

A natural trench may also be a deep hole on the bottom of the ocean. The verb trench means to dig or to cut into, but you will most often hear the word as a noun, particularly relating to soldiers. The phrase trench warfare became popular around World War I, when technological advances in weapons changed the way that wars were fought. Today, you may have even own a trench coat, a kind of raincoat first worn by soldiers.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: trench

1
nv
any long ditch cut in the ground
cut a trench in, as for drainage
2
v
impinge or infringe upon
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: trench
1

n any long ditch cut in the ground

Types:
furrow
a long shallow trench in the ground (especially one made by a plow)
cut, gash
a trench resembling a furrow that was made by erosion or excavation
Type of:
ditch
a long narrow excavation in the earth

n a ditch dug as a fortification having a parapet of the excavated earth

Types:
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approach trench, communication trench
a trench that provides protected passage between the rear and front lines of a defensive position
fire trench
a trench especially constructed for the delivery of small-arms fire
fosse, moat
ditch dug as a fortification and usually filled with water
slit trench
narrow trench for shelter in battle
Type of:
ditch
a long narrow excavation in the earth

n a long steep-sided depression in the ocean floor

Synonyms:
deep, oceanic abyss
Examples:
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Atacama Trench
a depression in the floor of the Pacific Ocean off the coast of Chile
Bougainville Trench
a depression in the floor of the Pacific Ocean between New Guinea and the Solomon Islands
Japan Trench
a depression in the floor of the Pacific Ocean to the northeast of Japan that reaches depths of 30,000 feet
Nares Deep
a depression in the floor of the Atlantic Ocean to the north of Haiti and Puerto Rico
Type of:
depression, natural depression
a sunken or depressed geological formation

v cut a trench in, as for drainage

trench the fields”
Synonyms:
ditch
Type of:
dig, excavate, hollow
remove the inner part or the core of

v fortify by surrounding with trenches

“He trenched his military camp”
Type of:
fort, fortify
enclose by or as if by a fortification

v dig a trench or trenches

“The National Guardsmen were sent out to trench
Type of:
dig, dig out
create by digging

v cut or carve deeply into

“letters trenched into the stone”
Type of:
cut
separate with or as if with an instrument

v set, plant, or bury in a trench

trench the fallen soldiers”
trench the vegetables”
Type of:
lay, place, pose, position, put, set
put into a certain place or abstract location
2

v impinge or infringe upon

Synonyms:
encroach, entrench, impinge
Type of:
take advantage, trespass
make excessive use of
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