textile

A textile is something made by knitting, weaving, or crocheting fibers together. Textiles are fabrics. Unless you’re naked or wearing only a fig leaf, you’re wearing a textile right now!

Textile comes from the Latin word, textilis for "woven fabric” and that's exactly what it is. If you’re in the textile business, you’re dealing with the stuff that gets turned into clothes, flags, dishrags, or anything else made of cloth. If you knit a scarf, you create a hand-made textile. Nudists call people who wear clothes textiles. A sign on a beach might say, “nudists to the left of the palm trees, textiles to the right.”

DEFINITIONS OF: textile

1

n artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers

Synonyms:
cloth, fabric, material
Types:
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aba
a fabric woven from goat hair and camel hair
acrylic
a synthetic fabric
Aertex
a trademark for a loosely woven cotton fabric that is used to make shirts and underwear
alpaca
a thin glossy fabric made of the wool of the Lama pacos, or made of a rayon or cotton imitation of that wool
baize
a bright green fabric napped to resemble felt; used to cover gaming tables
basket weave
a cloth woven of two or more threads interlaced to suggest the weave of a basket
batik
a dyed fabric; a removable wax is used where the dye is not wanted
batiste
a thin plain-weave cotton or linen fabric; used for shirts or dresses
belting
the material of which belts are made
bombazine
a twilled fabric used for dresses; the warp is silk and the weft is worsted
boucle
a fabric of uneven yarn that has an uneven knobby effect
broadcloth
a closely woven silk or synthetic fabric with a narrow crosswise rib
broadcloth
a densely textured woolen fabric with a lustrous finish
brocade
thick heavy expensive material with a raised pattern
buckram
a coarse cotton fabric stiffened with glue; used in bookbinding and to stiffen clothing
bunting
a loosely woven fabric used for flags, etc.
calico
coarse cloth with a bright print
cambric
a finely woven white linen
camel's hair, camelhair
a soft tan cloth made with the hair of a camel
camlet
a fabric of Asian origin; originally made of silk and camel's hair
camo, camouflage
fabric dyed with splotches of green and brown and black and tan; intended to make the wearer of a garment made of this fabric hard to distinguish from the background
canopy
the umbrellalike part of a parachute that fills with air
canvas, canvass
a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents)
cashmere
a soft fabric made from the wool of the Cashmere goat
cerecloth
a waterproof waxed cloth once used as a shroud
challis
a soft lightweight fabric (usually printed)
chambray
a lightweight fabric woven with white threads across a colored warp
chenille
a heavy fabric woven with chenille cord; used in rugs and bedspreads
chiffon
a sheer fabric of silk or rayon
chino
a coarse twilled cotton fabric frequently used for uniforms
chintz
a brightly printed and glazed cotton fabric
coating
a heavy fabric suitable for coats
cobweb
a fabric so delicate and transparent as to resemble a web of a spider
cord, corduroy
a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton
cotton
fabric woven from cotton fibers
Canton flannel, cotton flannel
a stout cotton fabric with nap on only one side
crape, crepe
a soft thin light fabric with a crinkled surface
cretonne
an unglazed heavy fabric; brightly printed; used for slipcovers and draperies
crinoline
a stiff coarse fabric used to stiffen hats or clothing
damask
a fabric of linen or cotton or silk or wool with a reversible pattern woven into it
denim, dungaree, jean
a coarse durable twill-weave cotton fabric
diamante
fabric covered with glittering ornaments such as sequins or rhinestones
diaper
a fabric (usually cotton or linen) with a distinctive woven pattern of small repeated figures
dimity
a strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedcovers and curtains
doeskin
a fine smooth soft woolen fabric
drapery
cloth gracefully draped and arranged in loose folds
duck
a heavy cotton fabric of plain weave; used for clothing and tents
duffel, duffle
a coarse heavy woolen fabric
elastic
a fabric made of yarns containing an elastic material
etamin, etamine
a soft cotton or worsted fabric with an open mesh; used for curtains or clothing etc.
faille
a ribbed woven fabric of silk or rayon or cotton
felt
a fabric made of compressed matted animal fibers
fiber, fibre, vulcanized fiber
a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth
flannel
a soft light woolen fabric; used for clothing
flannelette
a cotton fabric imitating flannel
fleece
a soft bulky fabric with deep pile; used chiefly for clothing
foulard
a light plain-weave or twill-weave silk or silklike fabric (usually with a printed design)
frieze
a heavy woolen fabric with a long nap
fustian
a strong cotton and linen fabric with a slight nap
gabardine
a firm durable fabric with a twill weave
georgette
a thin silk dress material
gingham
a clothing fabric in a plaid weave
grogram
a coarse fabric of silk mixed with wool or mohair and often stiffened with gum
grosgrain
a silk or silklike fabric with crosswise ribs
hair, haircloth
cloth woven from horsehair or camelhair; used for upholstery or stiffening in garments
herringbone
a twilled fabric with a herringbone pattern
homespun
a rough loosely woven fabric originally made with yarn that was spun at home
hopsack, hopsacking
a loosely woven coarse fabric of cotton or linen; used in clothing
horsehair
a fabric made from fibers taken from the mane or tail of horses; used for upholstery
jaconet
a lightweight cotton cloth with a smooth and slightly stiff finish; used for clothing and bandages
jacquard
a highly figured fabric woven on a Jacquard loom
khaddar, khadi
a coarse homespun cotton cloth made in India
khaki
a sturdy twilled cloth of a yellowish brown color used especially for military uniforms
knit
a fabric made by knitting
lace
a delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns
lame
a fabric interwoven with threads of metal
imitation leather, leatherette
fabric made to look like leather
linen
a fabric woven with fibers from the flax plant
linsey-woolsey
a rough fabric of linen warp and wool or cotton woof
lint
cotton or linen fabric with the nap raised on one side; used to dress wounds
lisle
a fabric woven with lisle thread
mackinaw
a heavy woolen cloth heavily napped and felted, often with a plaid design
macintosh, mackintosh
a lightweight waterproof (usually rubberized) fabric
madras
a light patterned cotton cloth
marseille
strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedspreads
metallic
a fabric made of a yarn that is partly or entirely of metal
mohair
fabric made with yarn made from the silky hair of the Angora goat
moire, watered-silk
silk fabric with a wavy surface pattern
moleskin
a durable cotton fabric with a velvety nap
monk's cloth
a heavy cloth in basket weave
moquette
a thick velvety synthetic fabric used for carpets and soft upholstery
moreen
a heavy fabric of wool (or wool and cotton) used mostly in upholstery or for curtains
motley
a multicolored woolen fabric woven of mixed threads in 14th to 17th century England
mousseline de sole
a gauze-like fabric of silk or rayon
muslin
plain-woven cotton fabric
nankeen
a durable fabric formerly loomed by hand in China from natural cotton having a yellowish color
mesh, meshing, meshwork, net, network
an open fabric of string or rope or wire woven together at regular intervals
ninon
a fine strong sheer silky fabric made of silk or rayon or nylon
nylon
a synthetic fabric
oilcloth
cloth treated on one side with a drying oil or synthetic resin
olive drab
a cloth of an olive-brown color used for military uniforms
organza
a fabric made of silk or a silklike fabric that resembles organdy
paisley
a soft wool fabric with a colorful swirled pattern of curved shapes
panting, trousering
any fabric used to make trousers
pepper-and-salt
a fabric woven with flecks of light and dark
percale
a fine closely woven cotton fabric
durable press, permanent press
a fabric that has been chemically processed to resist wrinkles and hold its shape
piece of cloth, piece of material
a separate part consisting of fabric
pilot cloth
a thick blue cloth used to make overcoats and coats for sailors etc
pinstripe
a fabric with very thin stripes
pique
tightly woven fabric with raised cords
plush
a fabric with a nap that is longer and softer than velvet
polyester
any of a large class of synthetic fabrics
pongee
a soft thin cloth woven from raw silk (or an imitation)
poplin
a ribbed fabric used in clothing and upholstery
print
a fabric with a dyed pattern pressed onto it (usually by engraved rollers)
quilting
a material used for making a quilt, or a quilted fabric
rayon
a synthetic silklike fabric
rep, repp
a fabric with prominent rounded crosswise ribs
sackcloth
a coarse cloth resembling sacking
bagging, sacking
coarse fabric used for bags or sacks
sailcloth
a strong fabric (such as cotton canvas) used for making sails and tents
samite
a heavy silk fabric (often woven with silver or gold threads); used to make clothing in the Middle Ages
sateen
a cotton fabric with a satiny finish
satin
a smooth fabric of silk or rayon; has a glossy face and a dull back
satinet, satinette
a fabric with a finish resembling satin but made partly or wholly from cotton or synthetic fiber
screening
fabric of metal or plastic mesh
scrim
a firm open-weave fabric used for a curtain in the theater
seersucker
a light puckered fabric (usually striped)
serge
a twilled woolen fabric
shag
a fabric with long coarse nap
shantung
a heavy silk fabric with a rough surface (or a cotton imitation)
sharkskin
a smooth crisp fabric
sheeting
fabric from which bed sheets are made
shirting
any of various fabrics used to make men's shirts
shirttail
fabric forming the tail of a shirt
silesia
a sturdy twill-weave cotton fabric; used for pockets and linings
silk
a fabric made from the fine threads produced by certain insect larvae
spandex
an elastic synthetic fabric
sponge cloth
any soft porous fabric (especially in a loose honeycomb weave)
stammel
a coarse woolen cloth formerly used for undergarments and usually dyed bright red
suede, suede cloth
a fabric made to resemble suede leather
suiting
a fabric used for suits
swan's down
soft woolen fabric used especially for baby clothes
taffeta
a crisp smooth lustrous fabric
tammy
plain-woven (often glazed) fabric of wool or wool and cotton used especially formerly for linings and garments and curtains
tapa, tappa
a paperlike cloth made in the South Pacific by pounding tapa bark
tapestry, tapis
a heavy textile with a woven design; used for curtains and upholstery
plaid, tartan
a cloth having a crisscross design
terry, terry cloth, terrycloth
a pile fabric (usually cotton) with uncut loops on both sides; used to make bath towels and bath robes
ticking
a strong fabric used for mattress and pillow covers
toweling, towelling
any of various fabrics (linen or cotton) used to make towels
tweed
thick woolen fabric used for clothing; originated in Scotland
twill
a cloth with parallel diagonal lines or ribs
upholstery material
the fabric used in upholstering
Velcro
nylon fabric used as a fastening
velour, velours
heavy fabric that resembles velvet
velvet
a silky densely piled fabric with a plain back
velveteen
a usually cotton fabric with a short pile imitating velvet
vicuna
a soft wool fabric made from the fleece of the vicuna
Viyella
a fabric made from a twilled mixture of cotton and wool
voile
a light semitransparent fabric
wash-and-wear
a fabric treated to be easily washable and to require no ironing
waterproof
any fabric impervious to water
web
a fabric (especially a fabric in the process of being woven)
webbing
a strong fabric woven in strips
whipcord
a strong worsted or cotton fabric with a diagonal rib
wincey
a plain or twilled fabric of wool and cotton used especially for warm shirts or skirts and pajamas
wire cloth
fabric woven of metallic wire
wool, woolen, woollen
a fabric made from the hair of sheep
worsted
a woolen fabric with a hard textured surface and no nap; woven of worsted yarns "he wore a worsted suit"
yoke
fabric comprising a fitted part at the top of a garment
pina cloth
a fine cloth made from pineapple fibers
acetate, acetate rayon
a fabric made from fibers of cellulose acetate
balbriggan
a cotton knit fabric used for underwear
Bedford cord
a heavy corded fabric similar to corduroy; used for clothing
bib
top part of an apron; covering the chest
Brussels lace
fine lace with a raised or applique design
burlap, gunny
coarse jute fabric
Canton crepe
a soft thick crinkled dress crepe; heavier than crepe de Chine
chamois cloth
a piece of chamois used for washing windows or cars
chicken wire
a galvanized wire network with a hexagonal mesh; used to build fences
chinchilla
a thick twilled fabric of wool and cotton
Courtelle
an acrylic fabric resembling wool
crepe de Chine
a very thin crepe of silk or silklike fabric
Dacron, Terylene
a kind of polyester fabric
dishcloth, dishrag
a cloth for washing dishes
double knit
a knit fabric similar to jersey that is made with two sets of needles producing a double thickness joined by interlocking stitches
drop cloth
a large piece of cloth laid over the floor or furniture while a room is being painted
dustcloth, duster, dustrag
a piece of cloth used for dusting
dust cover, dust sheet
a large piece of cloth used to cover furniture that is not in use for a long period
end, oddment, remainder, remnant
a piece of cloth that is left over after the rest has been used or sold
filet
lace having a square mesh
gauze, netting, veiling
a net of transparent fabric with a loose open weave
gauze, gauze bandage
(medicine) bleached cotton cloth of plain weave used for bandages and dressings
gore, panel
a piece of cloth that is generally triangular or tapering; used in making garments or umbrellas or sails
ground cloth, groundsheet
a waterproofed piece of cloth spread on the ground (as under a tent) to protect from moisture
guimpe
a piece of starched cloth covering the shoulders of a nun's habit
gusset, inset
a piece of material used to strengthen or enlarge a garment
hairnet
a small net that some women wear over their hair to keep it in place
handkerchief, hankey, hankie, hanky
a square piece of cloth used for wiping the eyes or nose or as a costume accessory
Harris Tweed
a loosely woven tweed made in the Outer Hebrides
huck, huckaback
toweling consisting of coarse absorbent cotton or linen fabric
jersey
a slightly elastic machine-knit fabric
liner, lining
a piece of cloth that is used as the inside surface of a garment
longyi, lungi, lungyi
a long piece of brightly colored cloth (cotton or silk) used as clothing (a skirt or loincloth or sash etc.) in India and Pakistan and Burma
macrame
a relatively coarse lace; made by weaving and knotting cords
crepe marocain, marocain
a dress crepe; similar to Canton crepe
nainsook
a soft lightweight muslin used especially for babies
narrow wale
corduroy with narrow ribs
organdie, organdy
a sheer stiff muslin
Orlon
an acrylic fiber or the lightweight crease-resistant fabric made with Orlon yarns
patch
a piece of cloth used as decoration or to mend or cover a hole
bobbin lace, pillow lace
a handmade lace worked on a pillow with threads wound on bobbins; the pattern is marked out on the pillow by pins
placket
a piece of cloth sewn under an opening
needlepoint, point lace
lace worked with a needle in a buttonhole stitch on a paper pattern
rag, shred, tag, tag end, tatter
a small piece of cloth or paper
reseau
a net or mesh foundation for lace
russet
a reddish brown homespun fabric
safety net
a large strong net to catch circus acrobats who fall or jump from a trapeze
canvas, canvass, sail, sheet
a large piece of fabric (usually canvas fabric) by means of which wind is used to propel a sailing vessel
sarcenet, sarsenet
a fine soft silk fabric often used for linings
save-all
a net hung between ship and pier while loading a ship
snood
an ornamental net in the shape of a bag that confines a woman's hair; pins or ties at the back of the head
spark arrester, sparker
a wire net to stop sparks from an open fireplace or smokestack
stockinet, stockinette
knit used especially for infants' wear and undergarments
swatch
a sample piece of cloth
tarp, tarpaulin
waterproofed canvas
towel
a rectangular piece of absorbent cloth (or paper) for drying or wiping
train
piece of cloth forming the long back section of a gown that is drawn along the floor
tricot
a knitted fabric or one resembling knitting
tucker
a detachable yoke of linen or lace worn over the breast of a low-cut dress
tulle
a fine (often starched) net used for veils or tutus or gowns
Ultrasuede
a synthetic suede cloth
viscose, viscose rayon
a rayon fabric made from viscose (cellulose xanthate) fibers
wide wale
corduroy with wide ribs
winceyette
cotton flannelette with a nap on both sides
grillwork, wirework
mesh netting made of wires
Type of:
artefact, artifact
a man-made object taken as a whole

adj of or relating to fabrics or fabric making

textile research”
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