subject

Subject can mean "topic," as in "Let's change the subject." It can also mean "to make someone do something," as in "Don't let your dad subject you to an hour-long lecture on fishing." It can also mean everyone in a country who is not the ruler, as in "The king greeted his subjects when he returned from abroad."

A subject could be a broad branch of knowledge, like Biology, or a very narrow focus, like the effects of drought on avocados. If you are painting a portrait, the person posing for you is your subject. Subject can also mean beholden, or subordinate. If you are traveling in England, but not an English subject, or citizen, then you are still subject to English law.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: subject

1
nv
some situation or event that is thought about
cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to
2
n
(grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the grammatical constituent about which something is predicated
3
nadjv
a person who owes allegiance to that nation
being under the power or sovereignty of another or others
make subservient; force to submit or subdue
4
adj
possibly accepting or permitting
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: subject
1

n some situation or event that is thought about

“he had been thinking about the subject for several years”
Synonyms:
issue, matter, topic
Types:
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area
a subject of study
blind spot
a subject about which you are ignorant or prejudiced and fail to exercise good judgment
remit
the topic that a person, committee, or piece of research is expected to deal with or has authority to deal with
res adjudicata, res judicata
a matter already settled in court; cannot be raised again
gray area, grey area
an intermediate area; a topic that is not clearly one thing or the other
territory
an area of knowledge or interest
Type of:
cognitive content, content, mental object
the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned

n a branch of knowledge

“teachers should be well trained in their subject
Synonyms:
bailiwick, discipline, field, field of study, study, subject area, subject field
Types:
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occultism
the study of the supernatural
communication theory, communications
the discipline that studies the principles of transmiting information and the methods by which it is delivered (as print or radio or television etc.)
major
the principal field of study of a student at a university
frontier
an undeveloped field of study; a topic inviting research and development
genealogy
the study or investigation of ancestry and family history
allometry
the study of the relative growth of a part of an organism in relation to the growth of the whole
bibliotics
the scientific study of documents and handwriting etc. especially to determine authorship or authenticity
ology
an informal word (abstracted from words with this ending) for some unidentified branch of knowledge
science, scientific discipline
a particular branch of scientific knowledge
architecture
the discipline dealing with the principles of design and construction and ornamentation of fine buildings
applied science, engineering, engineering science, technology
the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems
futuristics, futurology
the study or prediction of future developments on the basis of existing conditions
arts, humanistic discipline, humanities, liberal arts
studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills)
divinity, theology
the rational and systematic study of religion and its influences and of the nature of religious truth
military science
the discipline dealing with the principles of warfare
escapology
the study of methods of escaping (especially as a form of entertainment)
graphology
the study of handwriting (especially as an indicator of the writer's character or disposition)
numerology
the study of the supposed occult influence of numbers on human affairs
protology
the study of origins and first things
theogony
the study of the origins and genealogy of the gods
natural history
the scientific study of plants or animals (more observational than experimental) usually published in popular magazines rather than in academic journals
symbology
the study or the use of symbols and symbolism
natural science
the sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
math, mathematics, maths
a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
agronomy, scientific agriculture
the application of soil and plant sciences to land management and crop production
agrobiology
the study of plant nutrition and growth especially as a way to increase crop yield
agrology
science of soils in relation to crops
architectonics, tectonics
the science of architecture
landscape architecture
the branch of architecture dealing with the arrangement of land and buildings for human use and enjoyment
urban planning
the branch of architecture dealing with the design and organization of urban space and activities
interior design
the branch of architecture dealing with the selection and organization of furnishings for an architectural interior
metallurgy
the science and technology of metals
aeronautical engineering
the branch of engineering science concerned with the design and construction of aircraft
bionics
application of biological principles to the study and design of engineering systems (especially electronic systems)
bioengineering, biotechnology, ergonomics
the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments
chemical engineering
the branch of engineering that is concerned with the design and construction and operation of the plants and machinery used in industrial chemical processes
civil engineering
the branch of engineering concerned with the design and construction of such public works as dams or bridges
EE, electrical engineering
the branch of engineering science that studies the uses of electricity and the equipment for power generation and distribution and the control of machines and communication
computer science, computing
the branch of engineering science that studies (with the aid of computers) computable processes and structures
architectural engineering
the branch of engineering that deals with the construction of buildings (as distinguished from architecture as a design art)
industrial engineering, industrial management
the branch of engineering that deals with the creation and management of systems that integrate people and materials and energy in productive ways
IT, information technology
the branch of engineering that deals with the use of computers and telecommunications to retrieve and store and transmit information
mechanical engineering
the branch of engineering that deals with the design and construction and operation of machinery
nanotechnology
the branch of engineering that deals with things smaller than 100 nanometers (especially with the manipulation of individual molecules)
nuclear engineering
the branch of engineering concerned with the design and construction and operation of nuclear reactors
naval engineering
the branch of engineering that deals with the design and construction and operation of ships
rocketry
the branch of engineering science that studies rocket design and operation
metrology
the scientific study of measurement
nutrition
the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans)
psychological science, psychology
the science of mental life
IP, informatics, information processing, information science
the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information
cognitive science
the field of science concerned with cognition; includes parts of cognitive psychology and linguistics and computer science and cognitive neuroscience and philosophy of mind
social science
the branch of science that studies society and the relationships of individual within a society
strategics
the science or art of strategy
systematics
the science of systematic classification
thanatology
the branch of science that studies death (especially its social and psychological aspects)
neoclassicism
revival of a classical style (in art or literature or architecture or music) but from a new perspective or with a new motivation
classicalism, classicism
a movement in literature and art during the 17th and 18th centuries in Europe that favored rationality and restraint and strict forms
Romantic Movement, Romanticism
a movement in literature and art during the late 18th and early 19th centuries that celebrated nature rather than civilization
English
the discipline that studies the English language and literature
history
the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings
art history
the academic discipline that studies the development of painting and sculpture
chronology
the determination of the actual temporal sequence of past events
beaux arts, fine arts
the study and creation of visual works of art
performing arts
arts or skills that require public performance
Occidentalism
the scholarly knowledge of western cultures and languages and people
Oriental Studies, Orientalism
the scholarly knowledge of Asian cultures and languages and people
philosophy
the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
literary study
the humanistic study of literature
library science
the study of the principles and practices of library administration
linguistics, philology
the humanistic study of language and literature
musicology
the scholarly and scientific study of music
Sinology
the study of Chinese history and language and culture
stemmatics, stemmatology
the humanistic discipline that attempts to reconstruct the transmission of a text (especially a text in manuscript form) on the basis of relations between the various surviving manuscripts (sometimes using cladistic analysis)
trivium
(Middle Ages) an introductory curriculum at a medieval university involving grammar and logic and rhetoric; considered to be a triple way to eloquence
quadrivium
(Middle Ages) a higher division of the curriculum in a medieval university involving arithmetic and music and geometry and astronomy
cryptanalysis, cryptanalytics, cryptography, cryptology
the science of analyzing and deciphering codes and ciphers and cryptograms
linguistics
the scientific study of language
angelology
the branch of theology that is concerned with angels
apologetics
the branch of theology that is concerned with the defense of Christian doctrines
ecclesiology
the branch of theology concerned with the nature and the constitution and the functions of a church
eschatology
the branch of theology that is concerned with such final things as death and Last Judgment; Heaven and Hell; the ultimate destiny of humankind
hermeneutics
the branch of theology that deals with principles of exegesis
homiletics
the branch of theology that deals with sermons and homilies
liturgics, liturgiology
the study of liturgies
theodicy
the branch of theology that defends God's goodness and justice in the face of the existence of evil
tactics
the branch of military science dealing with detailed maneuvers to achieve objectives set by strategy
strategy
the branch of military science dealing with military command and the planning and conduct of a war
Type of:
domain, knowledge base, knowledge domain
the content of a particular field of knowledge

n the subject matter of a conversation or discussion

“he didn't want to discuss that subject
Synonyms:
theme, topic
Types:
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bone of contention
the subject of a dispute
precedent
a subject mentioned earlier (preceding in time)
head, question
the subject matter at issue
keynote
the principal theme in a speech or literary work
problem
a question raised for consideration or solution
matter of fact, question of fact
a disputed factual contention that is generally left for a jury to decide
matter of law, question of law
a disputed legal contention that is generally left for a judge to decide
Type of:
content, message, subject matter, substance
what a communication that is about something is about

n something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation

“a moving picture of a train is more dramatic than a still picture of the same subject
Synonyms:
content, depicted object
Type of:
thing
a separate and self-contained entity

n a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation

“the subjects for this investigation were selected randomly”
Synonyms:
case, guinea pig
Type of:
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul
a human being

v cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to

“He subjected me to his awful poetry”
“The sergeant subjected the new recruits to many drills”
“People in Chernobyl were subjected to radiation”
Types:
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bacterise, bacterize
subject to the action of bacteria
vitriol
expose to the effects of vitriol or injure with vitriol
put
cause (someone) to undergo something
shipwreck
cause to experience shipwreck
refract
subject to refraction
expose
expose or make accessible to some action or influence
expose
expose to light, of photographic film
incur
make oneself subject to; bring upon oneself; become liable to
ventilate
expose to the circulation of fresh air so as to retard spoilage
insolate, solarise, solarize, sun
expose to the rays of the sun or affect by exposure to the sun
aerate, air, air out
expose to fresh air
overexpose
expose excessively
underexpose
expose insufficiently
overexpose
expose to too much light
underexpose
expose to too little light
run
be affected by; be subjected to
Type of:
affect, bear on, bear upon, impact, touch, touch on
have an effect upon

v make accountable for

“He did not want to subject himself to the judgments of his superiors”
Type of:
submit
yield to the control of another

v refer for judgment or consideration

Synonyms:
submit
Types:
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give
submit for consideration, judgment, or use
return
submit (a report, etc.) to someone in authority
pass on, relegate, submit
refer to another person for decision or judgment
report out
return a bill after consideration and revision to a legislative body
Type of:
refer
send or direct for treatment, information, or a decision
2

n (grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the grammatical constituent about which something is predicated

Type of:
constituent, grammatical constituent
(grammar) a word or phrase or clause forming part of a larger grammatical construction

n (logic) the first term of a proposition

Type of:
term
one of the substantive phrases in a logical proposition
3

n a person who owes allegiance to that nation

“a monarch has a duty to his subjects
Synonyms:
national
Examples:
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Giuseppe Garibaldi
Italian patriot whose conquest of Sicily and Naples led to the formation of the Italian state (1807-1882)
Maud Gonne
Irish patriot and a founder of the Sinn Fein (1865-1953)
Tadeusz Andrzej Bonawentura Kosciuszko
Polish patriot and soldier who fought with Americans in the American Revolution (1746-1817)
Giuseppe Mazzini
Italian nationalist whose writings spurred the movement for a unified and independent Italy (1805-1872)
Types:
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citizen
a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community
compatriot
a person from your own country
nationalist, patriot
one who loves and defends his or her country
active citizen
a citizen who takes an active role in the community (as in crime prevention and neighborhood watch)
chauvinist, flag-waver, hundred-percenter, jingo, jingoist, patrioteer
an extreme bellicose nationalist
civilian
a nonmilitary citizen
countryman
a man from your own country
countrywoman
a woman from your own country
freeman, freewoman
a person who is not a serf or a slave
private citizen
a citizen who does not hold any official or public position
repatriate
a person who has returned to the country of origin or whose citizenship has been restored
thane
a man ranking above an ordinary freeman and below a noble in Anglo-Saxon England (especially one who gave military service in exchange for land)
elector, voter
a citizen who has a legal right to vote
Type of:
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul
a human being

adj being under the power or sovereignty of another or others

subject peoples”
Synonyms:
dependent
subordinate
subject or submissive to authority or the control of another

v make subservient; force to submit or subdue

Synonyms:
subjugate
Types:
dragoon
subjugate by imposing troops
enslave
make a slave of; bring into servitude
Type of:
dominate, master
have dominance or the power to defeat over
4

adj possibly accepting or permitting

“the time is fixed by the director and players and therefore subject to much variation”
Synonyms:
capable, open
susceptible
(often followed by `of' or `to') yielding readily to or capable of

adj likely to be affected by something

“the bond is subject to taxation”
“he is subject to fits of depression”
Synonyms
affected
acted upon; influenced

WORD FORMS

nnnadjadj
some situation or event that is thought about
one of the two main constituents of a sentence
a person who owes allegiance to that nation
being under the power or sovereignty of another or others
possibly accepting or permitting
1 subject
vv
cause to experience or suffer or make vulnerable to
make subservient; force to submit or subdue
2 subject
WORD FAMILY
USAGE EXAMPLES