structure

A structure is something of many parts that is put together. A structure can be a skyscraper, an outhouse, your body, or a sentence.

Structure is from the Latin word structura which means "a fitting together, building." Although it's certainly used to describe buildings, it can do more than that. A family's structure includes the relationship of its members, your body structure can refer to how your muscles and bones fit together. Sentence structure is how a sentence is put together, including subjects, verbs, and all that stuff English teachers love to yap about. Structure is usually a noun, but it can also be a verb meaning to impose order, like if you "structure an argument to convince your parents to let you stay out later."

DEFINITIONS OF: structure

1

n a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts

“the structure consisted of a series of arches”
Synonyms:
construction
Examples:
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Alhambra
a fortified Moorish palace built near Granada by Muslim kings in the Middle Ages
Angostura Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Orinoco River at Ciudad Bolivar
Antonine Wall
a fortification 37 miles long across the narrowest part of southern Scotland (between the Firth of Forth and the Firth of Clyde); built in 140 to mark the frontier of the Roman province of Britain
Artemision at Ephesus
the large temple of the Greek goddess Artemis which was begun at Ephesus in 541 BC and completed 220 years later; the temple was destroyed by the Goths in 262
Aswan High Dam
one of the world's largest dams on the Nile River in southern Egypt
Augean stables
(Greek mythology) the extremely dirty stables that were finally cleaned by Hercules who diverted two rivers through them
Bastille
a fortress built in Paris in the 14th century and used as a prison in the 17th and 18th centuries; it was destroyed July 14, 1789 at the start of the French Revolution
Baton Rouge Bridge
a cantilever bridge across the Mississippi at Baton Rouge
Bayonne Bridge
a steel arch bridge connecting New Jersey and Staten Island at Bayonne, New Jersey
Benjamin Franklin Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Delaware River
Black Hole of Calcutta
a dungeon (20 feet square) in a fort in Calcutta where as many as 146 English prisoners were held overnight by Siraj-ud-daula; the next morning only 23 were still alive
Bosporus Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Bosporus at Istanbul
Bronx-Whitestone Bridge
a suspension bridge across the East River in New York City
Brooklyn Bridge
a suspension bridge across the East River in New York City; opened in 1883
Brown University
a university in Rhode Island
Cambridge University
a university in England
Capitol Building
the government building in Washington where the United States Senate and the House of Representatives meet
Carnegie Mellon University
an engineering university in Pittsburgh
Great Wall of China
a fortification 1,500 miles long built across northern China in the 3rd century BC; it averages 6 meters in width
CN Tower
a tower in Toronto; 1815 feet tall for broadcasting widely
Amphitheatrum Flavium
a large amphitheater in Rome whose construction was begun by Vespasian about AD 75 or 80
Columbia University
a university in New York City
Commodore John Barry Bridge
a cantilever bridge in Chester, Pennsylvania
Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art
university founded in 1859 by Peter Cooper to offer free courses in the arts and sciences
Cornell University
a university in Ithaca, New York
Dartmouth College
a college in New Hampshire
Delaware Memorial Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Delaware River
Duke University
a university in Durham, North Carolina
Eiffel Tower
a wrought iron tower 300 meters high that was constructed in Paris in 1889; for many years it was the tallest man-made structure
Empire State Building
a skyscraper built in New York City in 1931; 1250 feet tall
George Washington Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Hudson River between New York and New Jersey
Glen Canyon Dam
a large dam built in 1964 on the Colorado River in Arizona
Golden Gate Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Golden Gate
Greater New Orleans Bridge
twin cantilever bridges across the Mississippi at New Orleans
Harvard University
a university in Massachusetts
Hoover Dam
a large dam built in 1933 on the Colorado River in Nevada
Humber Bridge
a suspension bridge at Hull, England; 4,626 feet long
Independence Hall
the building in Philadelphia where the Declaration of Independence was signed
Johns Hopkins
a university in Baltimore
Caaba
(Islam) a black stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine; believed to have been given by Gabriel to Abraham; Muslims turn in its direction when praying
Kammon Strait Bridge
a suspension bridge between Kyushu and Honshu
Kremlin
citadel of Moscow, housing the offices of the Russian government
Leaning Tower of Pisa
a tall round marble campanile in Pisa that is not perpendicular; construction was begun in 1174
Lincoln Memorial
memorial building in Washington containing a large marble statue of Abraham Lincoln
Mackinac Bridge
a suspension bridge across the channel between the lower and upper peninsulas of Michigan
Maginot Line
a fortification built before World War II to protect France's eastern border; initially considered to be impregnable, it was easily overrun by the German army in 1940
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
an engineering university in Cambridge
Minato Ohashi Bridge
cantilever bridge at Osaka, Japan
National Baseball Hall of Fame
a Hall of Fame and museum in Cooperstown, New York, honoring great baseball players
United States National Library of Medicine
the world's largest medical library
New River Gorge Bridge
a steel arch bridge across New River at Fayetteville, West Virginia
Ohio State University
a university in Columbus, Ohio
Oxford University
a university in England
University of Paris
a university in Paris; intellectual center of France
Parthenon
the main temple of the goddess Athena; built on the acropolis in Athens more than 400 years B.C.; example of Doric architecture
Pentagon
a government building with five sides that serves as the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense
Petronas Towers
twin skyscrapers built in Kuala Lumpur in 1997; 1482 feet high
Pierre Laporte Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Saint Lawrence River at Quebec
Ponte 25 de Abril
a suspension bridge across the Tagus River at Lisbon
Princeton University
a university in New Jersey
Pyramids of Egypt
a massive monument with a square base and four triangular sides; begun by Cheops around 2700 BC as royal tombs in ancient Egypt
Quebec Bridge
a cantilever bridge in Quebec
Queensboro Bridge
a cantilever bridge across the East River between Manhattan and Queens
Sears Tower
a skyscraper built in Chicago in 1974; 1454 feet tall
Siegfried line
German fortifications facing the Maginot Line
Sistine Chapel
the private chapel of the popes in Rome; it was built by and named after Sixtus IV in 1473
Space Needle
a tower 605 feet tall in Seattle; a tourist attraction
Stanford University
a university in California
Statue of Liberty
a large monumental statue symbolizing liberty on Liberty Island in New York Bay
Sydney Harbor Bridge
a steel arch bridge in Sydney, Australia
Mormon Tabernacle
the Mormon temple
Tacoma Narrows Bridge
a suspension bridge across Puget Sound at Tacoma
Tappan Zee Bridge
a cantilever bridge across the Hudson River
Temple of Artemis
a large temple at Ephesus that was said to be one of the seven wonders of the ancient world
Temple of Jerusalem
any of three successive temples in Jerusalem that served as the primary center for Jewish worship; the first temple contained the Ark of the Covenant and was built by Solomon in the 10th century BC and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC; the second was built in 515 BC and the third was an enlargement by Herod the Great in 20 BC that was destroyed by the Romans during a Jewish revolt in AD 70; all that remains is the Wailing Wall
Tower of Babel
(Genesis 11:1-11) a tower built by Noah's descendants (probably in Babylon) who intended it to reach up to heaven; God foiled them by confusing their language so they could no longer understand one another
Tower of London
a fortress in London on the Thames; used as a palace and a state prison and now as a museum containing the crown jewels
Tower of Pharos
a great lighthouse (500 feet high) built at Alexandria in 285 BC
United States Mint
the mint that manufactures and distributes United States coins for circulation through Federal Reserve Banks; processes gold and silver bullion
University of California at Berkeley
a university in Berkeley, California
University of Chicago
a university in Chicago, Illinois
University of Michigan
a university in Ann Arbor, Michigan
University of Nebraska
a university in Lincoln, Nebraska
University of North Carolina
a university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina
University of Pennsylvania
a university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
University of Pittsburgh
a university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
University of Sussex
a red-brick university in Brighton, England
University of Texas
a university in Austin, Texas
University of Vermont
a university in Burlington, Vermont
University of Washington
a university in Seattle, Washington
University of West Virginia
a university in Morgantown, West Virginia
University of Wisconsin
a university in Madison, Wisconsin
Vatican Palace
the residence of the Catholic Pope in the Vatican City
Verrazano-Narrows Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Verrazano Narrows between Brooklyn and Staten Island
Walt Whitman Bridge
a suspension bridge across the Delaware River
Washington Monument
a stone obelisk built in Washington in 1884 to honor George Washington; 555 feet tall
White House
the government building that serves as the residence and office of the President of the United States
World Trade Center
twin skyscrapers 110 stories high in New York City; built 1368 feet tall in 1970 to 1973; destroyed by a terrorist attack on September 11, 2001
Yale University
a university in Connecticut
Wailing Wall
a wall in Jerusalem; sacred to Jews as a place of prayer and lamentation; its stones are believed to have formed part of the Temple of Solomon
Houses of Parliament
the building in which the House of Commons and the House of Lords meet
Hadrian's Wall
an ancient Roman wall built by Hadrian in the 2nd century; marked the northern boundary of the Roman Empire in Britain
Balmoral Castle
a castle in northeastern Scotland that is a private residence of the British sovereign
Machu Picchu
Inca fortress city in the Andes in Peru discovered in 1911; it may have been built in the 15th century
Mount Vernon
the former residence of George Washington in northeastern Virginia overlooking the Potomac river
Chartres Cathedral
a Gothic cathedral in northern France; built in 13th century
Holy Sepulcher
the sepulcher in which Christ's body lay between burial and resurrection
Lateran Palace
a palace that served as the residence of the popes until the 14th century
Marineland
a commercial aquarium featuring trained dolphins
Oval Office
the office of the President of the United States in the White House
Oracle of Apollo
(Greek mythology) the oracle at Delphi where a priestess supposedly delivered messages from Apollo to those who sought advice; the messages were usually obscure or ambiguous
Tuileries Palace
palace and royal residence built for Catherine de Medicis in 1564 and burned down in 1871; all that remains today are the formal gardens
Palace of Versailles
a palace built in the 17th century for Louis XIV southwest of Paris near the city of Versailles
Dipylon gate
a gateway to the west of ancient Athens near which a distinctive style of pottery has been found
Buckingham Palace
the London residence of the British sovereign
Auschwitz
a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in southwestern Poland during World War II
Belsen
a Nazi concentration camp for Jews created in northwestern Germany during World War II
Buchenwald
a Nazi concentration camp for Jews in World War II that was located in central Germany
Dachau
a concentration camp for Jews created by the Nazis near Munich in southern Germany
Mausoleum at Halicarnasus
a white marble mausoleum 140 feet high built in 352 BC at Halicarnassus as a memorial to a king; destroyed in 1402
Newgate
a former prison in London notorious for its unsanitary conditions and burnt down in riots in 1780; a new prison was built on the same spot but was torn down in 1902
Taj Mahal
beautiful mausoleum at Agra built by the Mogul emperor Shah Jahan (completed in 1649) in memory of his favorite wife
Westminster Abbey
a famous Gothic church of St. Peter in Westminster, London on the site of a former Benedictine monastery
Types:
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airdock, hangar, repair shed
a large structure at an airport where aircraft can be stored and maintained
altar
a raised structure on which gifts or sacrifices to a god are made
arcade, colonnade
a structure composed of a series of arches supported by columns
arch
(architecture) a masonry construction (usually curved) for spanning an opening and supporting the weight above it
area
a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function
balcony
a platform projecting from the wall of a building and surrounded by a balustrade or railing or parapet
balcony
an upper floor projecting from the rear over the main floor in an auditorium
bascule
a structure or device in which one end is counterbalanced by the other (on the principle of the seesaw)
boarding
a structure of boards
body
the external structure of a vehicle
bridge, span
a structure that allows people or vehicles to cross an obstacle such as a river or canal or railway etc.
building, edifice
a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place
building complex, complex
a whole structure (as a building) made up of interconnected or related structures
catchment
a structure in which water is collected (especially a natural drainage area)
coil, helix, spiral, volute, whorl
a structure consisting of something wound in a continuous series of loops
colonnade
structure consisting of a row of evenly spaced columns
column, pillar
a vertical cylindrical structure standing alone and not supporting anything (such as a monument)
corner, quoin
(architecture) solid exterior angle of a building; especially one formed by a cornerstone
cross
a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece
deathtrap
any structure that is very unsafe; where people are likely to be killed
defence, defense, defensive structure
a structure used to defend against attack
door
a structure where people live or work (usually ordered along a street or road)
entablature
(architecture) the structure consisting of the part of a classical temple above the columns between a capital and the roof
erection
a structure that has been erected
establishment
a public or private structure (business or governmental or educational) including buildings and equipment for business or residence
false bottom
a horizontal structure that partitions a ship or box (especially one built close to the actual bottom)
floor, level, storey, story
a structure consisting of a room or set of rooms at a single position along a vertical scale
fountain
a structure from which an artificially produced jet of water arises
guide
a structure or marking that serves to direct the motion or positioning of something
card-house, cardcastle, cardhouse, house of cards
an unstable construction with playing cards
housing, living accommodations, lodging
structures collectively in which people are housed
hull
the frame or body of ship
jungle gym
a structure of vertical and horizontal rods where children can climb and play
lamination
a layered structure
landing, landing place
structure providing a place where boats can land people or goods
lookout, lookout station, observation tower, observatory
a structure commanding a wide view of its surroundings
masonry
structure built of stone or brick by a mason
memorial, monument
a structure erected to commemorate persons or events
hill, mound
structure consisting of an artificial heap or bank usually of earth or stones
impediment, impedimenta, obstructer, obstruction, obstructor
any structure that makes progress difficult
divider, partition
a vertical structure that divides or separates (as a wall divides one room from another)
platform, weapons platform
any military structure or vehicle bearing weapons
porch
a structure attached to the exterior of a building often forming a covered entrance
post and lintel
a structure consisting of vertical beams (posts) supporting a horizontal beam (lintel)
prefab
a prefabricated structure
projection
any structure that branches out from a central support
public works
structures (such as highways or schools or bridges or docks) constructed at government expense for public use
sail
any structure that resembles a sail
offset, set-back, setoff
structure where a wall or building narrows abruptly
shelter
a structure that provides privacy and protection from danger
shoebox
a structure resembling a shoebox (as a rectangular building or a cramped room or compartment)
sign, signboard
structure displaying a board on which advertisements can be posted
arena, bowl, sports stadium, stadium
a large structure for open-air sports or entertainments
superstructure
structure consisting of the part of a ship above the main deck
supporting structure
a structure that serves to support something
tower
a structure taller than its diameter; can stand alone or be attached to a larger building
transept
structure forming the transverse part of a cruciform church; crosses the nave at right angles
trestlework
a supporting structure composed of a system of connected trestles; for a bridge or pier or scaffold e.g.
vaulting
(architecture) a vaulted structure
shipway, slipway, ways
structure consisting of a sloping way down to the water from the place where ships are built or repaired
wellhead
a structure built over a well
wind tunnel
a structure resembling a tunnel where air is blown at known velocities for testing parts of aircraft
honeycomb
a structure of small hexagonal cells constructed from beeswax by bees and used to store honey and larvae
balance, counterbalance, equilibrium, equipoise
equality of distribution
abattoir, butchery, shambles, slaughterhouse
a building where animals are butchered
abutment arch
an arch supported by an abutment
academy
a learned establishment for the advancement of knowledge
aisle
part of a church divided laterally from the nave proper by rows of pillars or columns
amphitheater, amphitheatre, coliseum
an oval large stadium with tiers of seats; an arena in which contests and spectacles are held
apartment, flat
a suite of rooms usually on one floor of an apartment house
apartment building, apartment house
a building that is divided into apartments
architecture
an architectural product or work
arm, branch, limb
any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm
auditorium
the area of a theater or concert hall where the audience sits
aviary, bird sanctuary, volary
a building where birds are kept
back porch
a porch for the back door
baggage claim
an area in an airport where arriving passengers can collect the luggage that has been carried in the hold of the aircraft
Bailey bridge
a temporary bridge designed for rapid construction
ballpark, park
a facility in which ball games are played (especially baseball games)
bar
an obstruction (usually metal) placed at the top of a goal
barbette
(formerly) a mound of earth inside a fort from which heavy gun can be fired over the parapet
barbacan, barbican
a tower that is part of a defensive structure (such as a castle)
barrier
a structure or object that impedes free movement
basement, cellar
the lowermost portion of a structure partly or wholly below ground level; often used for storage
bathhouse, bathing machine
a building containing dressing rooms for bathers
beacon, beacon light, lighthouse, pharos
a tower with a light that gives warning of shoals to passing ships
bell tower
a tower that supports or shelters a bell
billboard, hoarding
large outdoor signboard
billet
lodging for military personnel (especially in a private home)
block
housing in a large building that is divided into separate units
blockade
prevents access or progress
block, blockage, closure, occlusion, stop, stoppage
an obstruction in a pipe or tube
boards
the boarding that surrounds an ice hockey rink
bodywork
the exterior body of a motor vehicle
bowling alley
a building that contains several alleys for bowling
box
any one of several designated areas on a ball field where the batter or catcher or coaches are positioned
brass, memorial tablet, plaque
a memorial made of brass
brattice
a partition (often temporary) of planks or cloth that is used to control ventilation in a mine
breakfast area, breakfast nook
a place for light meals (usually near a kitchen)
brickwork
masonry done with bricks and mortar
brim
a circular projection that sticks outward from the crown of a hat
broken arch
an arch with a gap at the apex; the gap is usually filled with some decoration
bulkhead
a partition that divides a ship or plane into compartments
bullpen
a place on a baseball field where relief pitchers can warm up during a game
bullring
a stadium where bullfights take place
barrow, burial mound, grave mound, tumulus
(archeology) a heap of earth placed over prehistoric tombs
burr
rough projection left on a workpiece after drilling or cutting
camber arch
an arch with a straight horizontal extrados and a slightly arched intrados
camp
temporary lodgings in the country for travelers or vacationers
cantilever bridge
bridge constructed of two cantilevers that meet in the middle
cattle grid, cattle guard
a bridge over a ditch consisting of parallel metal bars that allow pedestrians and vehicles to pass, but not cattle
cenotaph, empty tomb
a monument built to honor people whose remains are interred elsewhere or whose remains cannot be recovered
center, centre
a building dedicated to a particular activity
bema, chancel, sanctuary
area around the altar of a church for the clergy and choir; often enclosed by a lattice or railing
chapterhouse
a building attached to a monastery or cathedral; used as a meeting place for the chapter
cheval-de-frise, chevaux-de-frise
defensive structure consisting of a movable obstacle composed of barbed wire or spikes attached to a wooden frame; used to obstruct cavalry
choir
the area occupied by singers; the part of the chancel between sanctuary and nave
church tower
the tower of a church
circus
(antiquity) an open-air stadium for chariot races and gladiatorial games
cleat
a metal or leather projection (as from the sole of a shoe); prevents slipping
clock tower
a tower with a large clock visible high up on an outside face
club, clubhouse
a building that is occupied by a social club
college
a complex of buildings in which an institution of higher education is housed
condominium
housing consisting of a complex of dwelling units (as an apartment house) in which each unit is individually owned
control tower
a tower with an elevated workspace enclosed in glass for the visual observation of aircraft around an airport
cookhouse
a detached or outdoor shelter for cooking
corbel arch
(architecture) an arch constructed of masonry courses that are corbelled until they meet
corner, nook
an interior angle formed by two meeting walls
cornice
the topmost projecting part of an entablature
court, courtyard
an area wholly or partly surrounded by walls or buildings
covered bridge
a bridge whose passageway is protected by a roof and enclosing sides
dead-air space
an unventilated area where no air circulates
deck
a porch that resembles the deck on a ship
deck-house
a superstructure on the upper deck of a ship
dining area
an area arranged for dining
dock, dockage, docking facility
landing in a harbor next to a pier where ships are loaded and unloaded or repaired; may have gates to let water in or out
covered stadium, dome, domed stadium
a stadium that has a roof
dorm, dormitory, hall, residence hall, student residence
a college or university building containing living quarters for students
drawbridge, lift bridge
a bridge that can be raised to block passage or to allow boats or ships to pass beneath it
bubbler, drinking fountain, water fountain
a public fountain to provide a jet of drinking water
drip, drip mold, drip mould
(architecture) a projection from a cornice or sill designed to protect the area below from rainwater (as over a window or doorway)
dry masonry
masonry without mortar
dugout
either of two low shelters on either side of a baseball diamond where the players and coaches sit during the game
abode, domicile, dwelling, dwelling house, habitation, home
housing that someone is living in
embankment
a long artificial mound of stone or earth; built to hold back water or to support a road or as protection
enclosure
a structure consisting of an area that has been enclosed for some purpose
fallout shelter
a shelter to protect occupants from the fallout from an atomic bomb
fan vaulting
an elaborate system of vaulting in which the ribs diverge like fans
farm building
a building on a farm
feedlot
a building where livestock are fattened for market
firetrap
a building that would be hard to escape from if it were to catch fire
flange, rim
a projection used for strength or for attaching to another object
flashboard, flashboarding
boarding place along the top of a dam to increase its height
flat arch, straight arch
an arch with mutually supporting voussoirs that has a straight horizontal extrados and intrados
flue, fluke
flat bladelike projection on the arm of an anchor
football stadium
a stadium where football games are held
footbridge, overcrossing, pedestrian bridge
a bridge designed for pedestrians
fortification, munition
defensive structure consisting of walls or mounds built around a stronghold to strengthen it
fort, fortress
a fortified defensive structure
framework
a structure supporting or containing something
front porch
a porch for the front door
fuselage
the central body of an airplane that is designed to accommodate the crew and passengers (or cargo)
gallery
narrow recessed balcony area along an upper floor on the interior of a building; usually marked by a colonnade
gambling den, gambling hell, gambling house, gaming house
a public building in which a variety of games of chance can be played (operated as a business)
gazebo, summerhouse
a small roofed building affording shade and rest
goalmouth
(sports) the area immediately in front of the goal
government building
a building that houses a branch of government
gravestone, headstone, tombstone
a stone that is used to mark a grave
glasshouse, greenhouse, nursery
a building with glass walls and roof; for the cultivation and exhibition of plants under controlled conditions
first floor, ground floor, ground level
the floor of a building that is at or nearest to the level of the ground around the building
gun enclosure, gun turret, turret
a self-contained weapons platform housing guns and capable of rotation
hall
a large building for meetings or entertainment
hall
a large building used by a college or university for teaching or research
Hall of Fame
a building containing trophies honoring famous people
hank
a coil of rope or wool or yarn
haven, oasis
a shelter serving as a place of safety or sanctuary
head
a projection out from one end
hideaway, retreat
an area where you can be alone
high altar
the main altar in a church
high-rise, tower block
tower consisting of a multistoried building of offices or apartments
encumbrance, hinderance, hindrance, hitch, incumbrance, interference, preventative, preventive
any obstruction that impedes or is burdensome
hippodrome
a stadium for horse shows or horse races
hospice
a lodging for travelers (especially one kept by a monastic order)
hostel, student lodging, youth hostel
inexpensive supervised lodging (especially for youths on bicycling trips)
hotel
a building where travelers can pay for lodging and meals and other services
casino-hotel, hotel-casino
a building that houses both a hotel and a casino
house
a dwelling that serves as living quarters for one or more families
house
a building in which something is sheltered or located
hovel, hut, hutch, shack, shanty
small crude shelter used as a dwelling
army hut, field hut, hut
temporary military shelter
institution
an establishment consisting of a building or complex of buildings where an organization for the promotion of some cause is situated
boss, knob
a circular rounded projection or protuberance
laminate
a sheet of material made by bonding two or more sheets or layers
library
a building that houses a collection of books and other materials
line of defence, line of defense
defensive structure consisting of a barrier that can be employed for defense against attack
living quarters, quarters
housing available for people to live in
lobe
a rounded projection that is part of a larger structure
attic, garret, loft
floor consisting of open space at the top of a house just below roof; often used for storage
loft, pigeon loft
a raised shelter in which pigeons are kept
loft
floor consisting of a large unpartitioned space over a factory or warehouse or other commercial space
loge
balcony consisting of the forward section of a theater mezzanine
loggia
a roofed arcade or gallery with open sides stretching along the front or side of a building; often at an upper level
lug
a projecting piece that is used to lift or support or turn something
mantelet, mantlet
portable bulletproof shelter
health facility, healthcare facility, medical building
building where medicine is practiced
megalith, megalithic structure
memorial consisting of a very large stone forming part of a prehistoric structure (especially in western Europe)
entresol, mezzanine, mezzanine floor
intermediate floor just above the ground floor
first balcony, mezzanine
first or lowest balcony
minaret
slender tower with balconies
ministry
building where the business of a government department is transacted
manufactured home, mobile home
a large house trailer that can be connected to utilities and can be parked in one place and used as permanent housing
mooring mast, mooring tower
a tower for mooring airships
dead room, morgue, mortuary
a building (or room) where dead bodies are kept before burial or cremation
national monument
memorial consisting of a structure or natural landmark of historic interest; set aside by national government for preservation and public enjoyment
nave
the central area of a church
obelisk
a stone pillar having a rectangular cross section tapering towards a pyramidal top
observation dome
lookout consisting of a dome-shaped observatory
observatory
a building designed and equipped to observe astronomical phenomena
obstacle
an obstruction that stands in the way (and must be removed or surmounted or circumvented)
office block, office building
a building containing offices where work is done
opium den
a building where opium is sold and used
orchestra pit, pit
lowered area in front of a stage where an orchestra accompanies the performers
outbuilding
a building that is subordinate to and separate from a main building
outwork
subsidiary defensive structure lying outside the main fortified area
overhang
projection that extends beyond or hangs over something else
flyover, overpass
bridge formed by the upper level of a crossing of two highways at different levels
packinghouse
a building where foodstuffs are processed and packed
panopticon
an area where everything is visible
pantheon
a monument commemorating a nation's dead heroes
patio, terrace
usually paved outdoor area adjoining a residence
perfumery
an establishment where perfumes are made
peristyle
a colonnade surrounding a building or enclosing a court
phrontistery
an establishment for study and learning (sometimes including modern universities)
pied-a-terre
lodging for occasional or secondary use
pier arch
an arch supported on piers
pit
(auto racing) an area at the side of a racetrack where the race cars are serviced and refueled
pit
(commodity exchange) the part of the floor of a commodity exchange where trading in a particular commodity is carried on
business establishment, place of business
an establishment (a factory or an assembly plant or retail store or warehouse etc.) where business is conducted, goods are made or stored or processed or where services are rendered
house of God, house of prayer, house of worship, place of worship
any building where congregations gather for prayer
planetarium
a building housing an instrument for projecting the positions of the planets onto a domed ceiling
industrial plant, plant, works
buildings for carrying on industrial labor
pointed arch
an arch with a pointed apex; characteristic of Gothic architecture
bateau bridge, floating bridge, pontoon bridge
a temporary bridge built over a series of pontoons
poorhouse
an establishment maintained at public expense in order to provide housing for the poor and homeless
portico
a porch or entrance to a building consisting of a covered and often columned area
presbytery
building reserved for the officiating clergy
press gallery
an area (sometimes in a balcony) set aside for reporters (especially in a legislative hall)
prong
a pointed projection
proscenium arch
the arch over the opening in the proscenium wall
lay-by, layby, pull-off, rest area, rest stop
designated paved area beside a main road where cars can stop temporarily
power pylon, pylon
a large vertical steel tower supporting high-tension power lines
pylon
a tower for guiding pilots or marking the turning point in a race
quad, quadrangle
a rectangular area surrounded on all sides by buildings
quartering
living accommodations (especially those assigned to military personnel)
rampant arch
an arch whose support is higher on one side than on the other
rattrap
filthy run-down dilapidated housing
asylum, refuge, sanctuary
a shelter from danger or hardship
eatery, eating house, eating place, restaurant
a building where people go to eat
rest house
a building used for shelter by travelers (especially in areas where there are no hotels)
ribbon development
building complex in a continuous row along a road
rink, skating rink
building that contains a surface for ice skating or roller skating
Roman building
a building constructed by the ancient Romans
room
an area within a building enclosed by walls and floor and ceiling
rope bridge
a bridge consisting of ropes
rotunda
a building having a circular plan and a dome
round arch
an arch formed in a continuous curve; characteristic of Roman architecture
rowlock arch
an arch that is formed with more than one concentric row of voussoirs
ruin
a ruined building
safety arch
an undecorated arch that is included in order to strengthen or support a construction
sandwich board
signboard consisting of two hinged boards that hang front and back from the shoulders of a walker and are used to display advertisements
school, schoolhouse
a building where young people receive education
school system
establishment including the plant and equipment for providing education from kindergarten through high school
scoinson arch, sconcheon arch
an arch that supports part of the wall
sconce
a shelter or screen providing protection from enemy fire or from the weather
scoreboard
a large board for displaying the score of a contest (and some other information)
screen
partition consisting of a decorative frame or panel that serves to divide a space
family circle, peanut gallery, second balcony, upper balcony
rearmost or uppermost area in the balcony containing the least expensive seats
segmental arch
a shallow arch; an arch that is less than a semicircle
Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, Seven Wonders of the World
impressive monuments created in the ancient world that were regarded with awe
shelter
temporary housing for homeless or displaced persons
shingle
a small signboard outside the office of a lawyer or doctor, e.g.
shooting gallery
a building (usually abandoned) where drug addicts buy and use heroin
shot tower
tower of a kind once used to make shot; molten lead was poured through a sieve and dropped into water
shouldered arch
an arch consisting of a horizontal lintel supported at each end by corbels that project into the aperture
signal box, signal tower
a building from which signals are sent to control the movements of railway trains
silo
a cylindrical tower used for storing silage
diminished arch, scheme arch, skeen arch, skene arch
an arch whose height is less than half its width
frame, skeletal frame, skeleton, underframe
the internal supporting structure that gives an artifact its shape
skew arch
an arch whose jambs are not at right angles with the face
skybox
an elevated box for viewing events at a sports stadium
skyscraper
a very tall building with many stories
snow bank, snowbank
a mound or heap of snow
spike
a sharp-pointed projection along the top of a fence or wall (or a dinosaur)
squinch
a small arch built across the interior angle of two walls (usually to support a spire)
steel arch bridge
a steel bridge constructed in the form of an arch
spire, steeple
a tall tower that forms the superstructure of a building (usually a church or temple) and that tapers to a point at the top
stonework
masonry done with stone
stoep, stoop
small porch or set of steps at the front entrance of a house
storage space
the area in any structure that provides space for storage
cyclone cellar, storm cellar, tornado cellar
an underground shelter where you can go until a storm passes
fastness, stronghold
a strongly fortified defensive structure
student union
a building on a college campus dedicated to social and organizational activities of the student body
support
supporting structure that holds up or provides a foundation
supporting tower
a tower that serves to support something
suspension bridge
a bridge that has a roadway supported by cables that are anchored at both ends
tap house, tavern
a building with a bar that is licensed to sell alcoholic drinks
telco building, telecom hotel
a building that houses telecommunications equipment
temple
an edifice devoted to special or exalted purposes
tenon
a projection at the end of a piece of wood that is shaped to fit into a mortise and form a mortise joint
collapsible shelter, tent
a portable shelter (usually of canvas stretched over supporting poles and fastened to the ground with ropes and pegs)
house, theater, theatre
a building where theatrical performances or motion-picture shows can be presented
threshing floor
a floor or ground area for threshing or treading out grain
toll bridge
a bridge where toll is charged for crossing
tooth
something resembling the tooth of an animal
tooth
one of a number of uniform projections on a gear
totem pole
a tribal emblem consisting of a pillar carved and painted with totemic figures; erected by Indian tribes of the northwest Pacific coast
tract housing
housing consisting of similar houses constructed together on a tract of land
trestle bridge
a bridge supported by trestlework
trimmer arch
an arch built between trimmers in a floor (to support the weight of a hearth)
triumphal arch
a monumental archway; usually they are built to commemorate some notable victory
truss bridge
a bridge supported by trusses
Tudor arch, four-centered arch
a low elliptical or pointed arch; usually drawn from four centers
tumbler
a movable obstruction in a lock that must be adjusted to a given position (as by a key) before the bolt can be thrown
turnaround
an area sufficiently large for a vehicle to turn around
turret
a small tower extending above a building
university
establishment where a seat of higher learning is housed, including administrative and living quarters as well as facilities for research and teaching
gallery, veranda, verandah
a porch along the outside of a building (sometimes partly enclosed)
viaduct
bridge consisting of a series of arches supported by piers used to carry a road (or railroad) over a valley
wall
an architectural partition with a height and length greater than its thickness; used to divide or enclose an area or to support another structure
watchtower
an observation tower for a lookout to watch over prisoners or watch for fires or enemies
bagnio, bawdyhouse, bordello, brothel, cathouse, house of ill repute, house of prostitution, sporting house, whorehouse
a building where prostitutes are available
widow's walk
a lookout atop a coastal house
conformation
a symmetrical arrangement of the parts of a thing
proportion, symmetry
balance among the parts of something
Type of:
artefact, artifact
a man-made object taken as a whole

n the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships

“sociologists have studied the changing structure of the family”
Synonyms:
social organisation, social organization, social structure, social system
Types:
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feudal system, feudalism
the social system that developed in Europe in the 8th century; vassals were protected by lords who they had to serve in war
patriarchate, patriarchy
a form of social organization in which a male is the family head and title is traced through the male line
matriarchate, matriarchy
a form of social organization in which a female is the family head and title is traced through the female line
meritocracy
a form of social system in which power goes to those with superior intellects
pluralism
a social organization in which diversity of racial or religious or ethnic or cultural groups is tolerated
class structure
the organization of classes within a society
segregation, separatism
a social system that provides separate facilities for minority groups
caste system
a social structure in which classes are determined by heredity
racial segregation
segregation by race
de facto segregation
segregation (especially in schools) that happens in fact although not required by law
de jure segregation
segregation that is imposed by law
purdah, sex segregation
the traditional Hindu or Muslim system of keeping women secluded
white separatism
a social system in which white people live separately from members of other races
Type of:
scheme, system
a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole

n the complex composition of knowledge as elements and their combinations

“his lectures have no structure
Types:
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arrangement, organisation, organization, system
an organized structure for arranging or classifying
form, pattern, shape
a perceptual structure
phrase structure, sentence structure, syntax
the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences
morphology, sound structure, syllable structure, word structure
the admissible arrangement of sounds in words
classification system
a system for classifying things
contrivance
an artificial or unnatural or obviously contrived arrangement of details or parts etc.
coordinate system, frame of reference, reference frame, reference system
a system that uses coordinates to establish position
data structure
(computer science) the organization of data (and its storage allocations in a computer)
design, plan
an arrangement scheme
distribution, statistical distribution
(statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
genetic map
graphical representation of the arrangement of genes on a chromosome
kinship system
(anthropology) the system of social relationships that constitute kinship in a particular culture, including the terminology that is used and the reciprocal obligations that are entailed
lattice
an arrangement of points or particles or objects in a regular periodic pattern in 2 or 3 dimensions
living arrangement
an arrangement to allow people (or ideas) to coexist
fractal
(mathematics) a geometric pattern that is repeated at every scale and so cannot be represented by classical geometry
gestalt
a configuration or pattern of elements so unified as a whole that it cannot be described merely as a sum of its parts
grid
a pattern of regularly spaced horizontal and vertical lines
kaleidoscope
a complex pattern of constantly changing colors and shapes
mosaic
a pattern resembling a mosaic
strand
a pattern forming a unity within a larger structural whole
ontology
(computer science) a rigorous and exhaustive organization of some knowledge domain that is usually hierarchical and contains all the relevant entities and their relations
affixation
the result of adding an affix to a root word
calendar
a system of timekeeping that defines the beginning and length and divisions of the year
Type of:
cognition, knowledge, noesis
the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning

n the manner of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts

“artists must study the structure of the human body”
“the structure of the benzene molecule”
Types:
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infrastructure, substructure
the basic structure or features of a system or organization
architecture, computer architecture
(computer science) the structure and organization of a computer's hardware or system software
cytoarchitectonics, cytoarchitecture
the cellular composition of a bodily structure
fabric, framework
the underlying structure
CISC, complex instruction set computer, complex instruction set computing
(computer science) a kind of computer architecture that has a large number of instructions hard coded into the CPU chip
RISC, reduced instruction set computer, reduced instruction set computing
(computer science) a kind of computer architecture that has a relatively small set of computer instructions that it can perform
Type of:
composition, constitution, make-up, makeup, physical composition
the way in which someone or something is composed

n a particular complex anatomical part of a living thing

“he has good bone structure
Synonyms:
anatomical structure, bodily structure, body structure, complex body part
Types:
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layer
thin structure composed of a single thickness of cells
apodeme
ridge-like ingrowth of the exoskeleton of an arthropod that supports internal organs and provides attachment points for muscles
caliculus, calycle, calyculus
a small cup-shaped structure (as a taste bud or optic cup or cavity of a coral containing a polyp)
tooth
toothlike structure in invertebrates found in the mouth or alimentary canal or on a shell
pad
the fleshy cushion-like underside of an animal's foot or of a human's finger
branchial cleft, gill cleft, gill slit
one of a series of slit openings in the pharynxes of fishes and aquatic amphibians through which water passes
branchial arch, gill arch, gill bar
one of the bony or cartilaginous arches on each side of the pharynx that support the gills of fishes and aquatic amphibians
peristome
region around the mouth in various invertebrates
syrinx
the vocal organ of a bird
bulb
a rounded dilation or expansion in a canal or vessel or organ
carina
any of various keel-shaped structures or ridges such as that on the breastbone of a bird or that formed by the fused petals of a pea blossom
cauda
any taillike structure
chiasm, chiasma, decussation
an intersection or crossing of two tracts in the form of the letter X
cingulum
(anatomy) an encircling structure (as the ridge around the base of a tooth)
concha
(anatomy) a structure that resembles a shell in shape
filament, filum
a threadlike structure (as a chainlike series of cells)
germ
a small apparently simple structure (as a fertilized egg) from which new tissue can develop into a complete organism
infundibulum
any of various funnel-shaped parts of the body (but especially the hypophyseal stalk)
interstice
a small structural space between tissues or parts of an organ
landmark
an anatomical structure used as a point of origin in locating other anatomical structures (as in surgery) or as point from which measurements can be taken
limbus
a border or edge of any of various body parts distinguished by color or structure
rib
a riblike supporting or strengthening part of an animal or plant
blade
a broad flat body part (as of the shoulder or tongue)
radicle
(anatomy) a small structure resembling a rootlet (such as a fibril of a nerve)
plexus, rete
a network of intersecting blood vessels or intersecting nerves or intersecting lymph vessels
tube, tube-shaped structure
(anatomy) any hollow cylindrical body structure
passage, passageway
a path or channel or duct through or along which something may pass
fundus
(anatomy) the base of a hollow organ or that part of the organ farthest from its opening
funiculus
any of several body structure resembling a cord
head
that part of a skeletal muscle that is away from the bone that it moves
bodily cavity, cavity, cavum
(anatomy) a natural hollow or sinus within the body
root, tooth root
the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as support
capsule
a structure that encloses a body part
uvea
the part of the eye that contains the iris and ciliary body and choroid
lens nucleus, nucleus
the central structure of the lens that is surrounded by the cortex
membranous labyrinth
the sensory structures of the inner ear including the labyrinthine receptors and the cochlea; contained within the bony labyrinth
bony labyrinth, osseous labyrinth
cavity in the petrous part of the temporal bone that contains the membranous labyrinth
glans
a small rounded structure; especially that at the end of the penis or clitoris
alveolar bed
lung tissue densely packed with alveoli
valve
a structure in a hollow organ (like the heart) with a flap to insure one-way flow of fluid through it
vascular structure
a structure composed of or provided with blood vessels
lacrimal apparatus
the structures that secrete and drain tears from the eye
cytoskeleton
a microscopic network of actin filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm of many living cells that gives the cell shape and coherence
nucleolar organiser, nucleolar organizer, nucleolus organiser, nucleolus organizer
the particular part of a chromosome that is associated with a nucleolus after nuclear division
centromere, kinetochore
a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape
aster
star-shaped structure formed in the cytoplasm of a cell having fibers like rays that surround the centrosome during mitosis
neural structure
a structure that is part of the nervous system
fold, plica
a folded part (as in skin or muscle)
convolution, gyrus
a convex fold or elevation in the surface of the brain
cartilaginous structure
body structure given shape by cartilage
ball
a more or less rounded anatomical body or mass
plate
any flat platelike body structure or part
horny structure, unguis
any rigid body structure composed primarily of keratin
skeletal structure
any structure created by the skeleton of an organism
costa
a riblike part of a plant or animal (such as a middle rib of a leaf or a thickened vein of an insect wing)
head
the rounded end of a bone that fits into a rounded cavity in another bone to form a joint
bridge
the hard ridge that forms the upper part of the nose
rotator cuff
a supporting structure of the shoulder consisting of the muscles and tendons that attach the arm to the shoulder joint and enable the arm to move
cornu
(anatomy) any structure that resembles a horn in shape
corona
(anatomy) any structure that resembles a crown in shape
receptor
a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response
zona, zone
(anatomy) any encircling or beltlike structure
blastocele, blastocoel, blastocoele, cleavage cavity, segmentation cavity
the fluid-filled cavity inside a blastula
blastoderm, blastodisc, germinal area, germinal disc
a layer of cells on the inside of the blastula
archenteron
central cavity of the gastrula; becomes the intestinal or digestive cavity
hypodermis
layer of cells that secretes the chitinous cuticle in e.g. arthropods
vane, web
the flattened weblike part of a feather consisting of a series of barbs on either side of the shaft
operculum
a hard flap serving as a cover for (a) the gill slits in fishes or (b) the opening of the shell in certain gastropods when the body is retracted
comb
ciliated comb-like swimming plate of a ctenophore
hoof
the horny covering of the end of the foot in ungulate mammals
eyecup, optic cup
(embryology) a two-walled cuplike depression that develops into the pigmented and sensory layers of the retina
denticle
small pointed ridge on the exoskeleton of an arthropod
claw
sharp curved horny process on the toe of a bird or some mammals or reptiles
calamus, quill, shaft
the hollow spine of a feather
nervure, vein
one of the horny ribs that stiffen and support the wing of an insect
birth canal
a passage in the uterus and vagina through which a fetus passes during vaginal birth
carina fornicis
ridge on the lower surface of the fornix of the brain
corpus mamillare, mamillary body, mammillary body
one of two small round structures on the undersurface of the brain that form the terminals of the anterior arches of the fornix
keel
the median ridge on the breastbone of birds that fly
chiasma opticum, optic chiasm, optic chiasma
the crossing of the optic nerves from the two eyes at the base of the brain
nasal concha
one of several turbinate bones in the nasal cavity
craniometric point
a landmark on the skull from which craniometric measurements can be taken
aortic plexus
a plexus of lymph nodes in the lower portion of the abdominal aorta
nerve plexus
a network of intersecting nerves
tubule
a small tube
salpinx
a tube in the uterus or the ear
malpighian body, malpighian corpuscle, renal corpuscle
the capsule that contains Bowman's capsule and a glomerulus at the expanded end of a nephron
meatus
a natural body passageway
opening, orifice, porta
an aperture or hole that opens into a bodily cavity
canal, channel, duct, epithelial duct
a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance
sinus
any of various air-filled cavities especially in the bones of the skull
sinusoid
tiny endothelium-lined passages for blood in the tissue of an organ
locule, loculus
a small cavity or space within an organ or in a plant or animal
lumen
a cavity or passage in a tubular organ
hair, pilus
any of the cylindrical filaments characteristically growing from the epidermis of a mammal
carpal tunnel
a passageway in the wrist through which nerves and the flexor muscles of the hands pass
socket
a bony hollow into which a structure fits
pulp cavity
the central cavity of a tooth containing the pulp (including the root canal)
cranial orbit, eye socket, orbit, orbital cavity
the bony cavity in the skull containing the eyeball
ganglion
an encapsulated neural structure consisting of a collection of cell bodies or neurons
epiglottis
a flap of cartilage that covers the windpipe while swallowing
buccal cavity
the cavity between the jaws and the cheeks
antrum
a natural cavity or hollow in a bone
cloaca
(zoology) the cavity (in birds, reptiles, amphibians, most fish, and monotremes but not mammals) at the end of the digestive tract into which the intestinal, genital, and urinary tracts open
vestibule
any of various bodily cavities leading to another cavity (as of the ear or vagina)
root canal
the passage in the root of a tooth through which its nerve and blood vessels enter the pulp cavity
pulp
the soft inner part of a tooth
epicanthic fold, epicanthus
a vertical fold of skin over the nasal canthus; normal for Mongolian peoples; sometimes occurs in Down's syndrome
eyeball, orb
the ball-shaped capsule containing the vertebrate eye
auricle, ear, pinna
the externally visible cartilaginous structure of the external ear
tragus
a small cartilaginous flap in front of the external opening of the ear
mediastinum
the part of the thoracic cavity between the lungs that contains the heart and aorta and esophagus and trachea and thymus
middle ear, tympanic cavity, tympanum
the main cavity of the ear; between the eardrum and the inner ear
lens capsule
a tenuous mesoblastic membrane surrounding the lens of the eye
cochlea
the snail-shaped tube (in the inner ear coiled around the modiolus) where sound vibrations are converted into nerve impulses by the organ of Corti
glans clitoridis
small mass of erectile tissue at the end of the body of the clitoris
glans penis
the conical mass of erectile tissue that forms the head of the penis
pleural cavity
the cavity in the thorax that contains the lungs and heart
chamber
an enclosed volume in the body
cranial cavity, intracranial cavity
the cavity enclosed by the cranium
cardiac valve, heart valve
a valve to control one-way flow of blood
valvelet, valvula, valvule
a small valve
vas, vessel
a tube in which a body fluid circulates
amniotic cavity
the fluid-filled cavity that surrounds the developing embryo
greater peritoneal sac, peritoneal cavity
the interior of the peritoneum; a potential space between layers of the peritoneum
bursa omentalis, lesser peritoneal cavity, omental bursa
an isolated part of the peritoneal cavity that is dorsal to the stomach
pericardial cavity, pericardial space
the space between the layers of the pericardium that contains fluid that lubricates the membrane surfaces and allows easy heart movement
vacuole
a tiny cavity filled with fluid in the cytoplasm of a cell
reflex arc
the neural path of a reflex
center, centre, nerve center, nerve centre
a cluster of nerve cells governing a specific bodily process
cerebral hemisphere, hemisphere
either half of the cerebrum
piriform area, piriform lobe, pyriform area, pyriform lobe
pear-shaped neural structure on either side of the brain in the rhinencephalon
olfactory bulb
one of two enlargements at the terminus of the olfactory nerve at the base of the brain just above the nasal cavities
brain, encephalon
that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord
neencephalon, neoencephalon
the part of the brain having the most recent phylogenetic origin; the cerebral cortex and related parts
palaeencephalon, paleencephalon, paleoencephalon
the more primitive parts of the brain phylogenetically; most structures other than the cerebral cortex
hypophyseal stalk
the funnel-shaped stalk connecting the pituitary gland to the hypothalamus
cerebellum
a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
cerebellar hemisphere
either of two lateral lobes of the cerebellum
vermis, vermis cerebelli
the narrow central part of the cerebellum between the two hemispheres
paleocerebellum
the anterior lobe of the cerebellum which was one of the earliest parts of the hindbrain to develop in mammals
cerebral cortex, cerebral mantle, cortex, pallium
the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
geniculate body
one of four small oval masses that protrude slightly from the underside of the thalamus and function as synaptic centers on the way to the cerebral cortex
frontal gyrus
any of the convolutions of the outer surface of the frontal lobe of the cerebrum
temporal gyrus
any of the convolutions of the outer surface of the temporal lobe of the cerebrum
parietal gyrus
any of the convolutions of the outer surface of the parietal lobe of the cerebrum
occipital gyrus
any of the convolutions of the outer surface of the occipital lobe of the cerebrum
cerebrum
anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans
central gyrus
either of two gyri on either side of the central sulcus
bulb, medulla, medulla oblongata
lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata)
forebrain, prosencephalon
the anterior portion of the brain; the part of the brain that develops from the anterior part of the neural tube
hippocampus
a complex neural structure (shaped like a sea horse) consisting of grey matter and located on the floor of each lateral ventricle; intimately involved in motivation and emotion as part of the limbic system; has a central role in the formation of memories
cingulate gyrus, gyrus cinguli
a long curved structure on the medial surface of the cerebral hemispheres; the cortical part of the limbic system
telencephalon
the anterior division of the forebrain; the cerebrum and related parts of the hypothalamus
betweenbrain, diencephalon, interbrain, thalmencephalon
the posterior division of the forebrain; connects the cerebral hemispheres with the mesencephalon
limbic brain, limbic system, visceral brain
a system of functionally related neural structures in the brain that are involved in emotional behavior
subthalamus
the ventral part of the thalamus
thalamus
large egg-shaped structures of grey matter that form the dorsal subdivision of the diencephalon
hypothalamus
a basal part of the diencephalon governing autonomic nervous system
mesencephalon, midbrain
the middle portion of the brain
locus niger, nucleus niger, substantia nigra
a layer of deeply pigmented grey matter in the midbrain; associated with the striate body; is involved in metabolic disturbances associated with Parkinson's disease and with Huntington's disease
hindbrain, rhombencephalon
the posterior portion of the brain including cerebellum and brainstem
myelencephalon
the posterior part of the hindbrain in developing vertebrates; forms the medulla oblongata in adults
pons, pons Varolii
a band of nerve fibers linking the medulla oblongata and the cerebellum with the midbrain
brain stem, brain-stem, brainstem
the part of the brain continuous with the spinal cord and comprising the medulla oblongata and pons and midbrain and parts of the hypothalamus
nucleus
any histologically identifiable mass of neural cell bodies in the brain or spinal cord
ventricle
one of four connected cavities in the brain; is continuous with the central canal of the spinal cord and contains cerebrospinal fluid
radiation
a radial arrangement of nerve fibers connecting different parts of the brain
medulla spinalis, spinal cord
a major part of the central nervous system which conducts sensory and motor nerve impulses to and from the brain; a long tubelike structure extending from the base of the brain through the vertebral canal to the upper lumbar region
ANS, autonomic nervous system
the part of the nervous system of vertebrates that controls involuntary actions of the smooth muscles and heart and glands
choroid plexus, plexus choroideus
a vascular plexus of the cerebral ventricles that regulate intraventricular pressure
lumbar plexus, plexus lumbalis
a lymphatic plexus located along the lower portion of the aorta and iliac vessels
pterygoid plexus
a plexus of veins draining the region of the pterygoid muscles and draining into the internal maxillary and anterior facial veins
sac
a structure resembling a bag in an animal
uterine cavity
the space inside the uterus between the cervical canal and the Fallopian tubes
umbilical, umbilical cord
membranous duct connecting the fetus with the placenta
placenta
the vascular structure in the uterus of most mammals providing oxygen and nutrients for and transferring wastes from the developing fetus
rete testis
network of tubules carrying sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the vasa efferentia
spermatic cord
a structure resembling a cord that suspends the testis within the scrotum and contains the vas deferens and other vessels and nerves
nasal cavity
either of the two cavities lying between the floor of the cranium and the roof of the mouth and extending from the face to the pharynx
nasopharynx
cavity forming the upper part of the pharynx
oropharynx
cavity formed by the pharynx at the back of the mouth
laryngopharynx
the lower part of the pharynx
larynx, voice box
a cartilaginous structure at the top of the trachea; contains elastic vocal cords that are the source of the vocal tone in speech
plica vocalis, vocal band, vocal cord, vocal fold
either of two pairs of folds of mucous membrane projecting into the larynx
esophagus, gorge, gullet, oesophagus
the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
epicardia
the short part of the esophagus extending downward from the diaphragm to the stomach
blind gut, caecum, cecum
the cavity in which the large intestine begins and into which the ileum opens
ileocecal valve
valve between the ileum of the small intestine and the cecum of the large intestine; prevents material from flowing back from the large to the small intestine
frill
(paleontology) a bony plate that curves upward behind the skull of many ceratopsian dinosaurs
fauces
the passage between the back of the mouth and the pharynx
fistula, sinus
an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface
shunt
a passage by which a bodily fluid (especially blood) is diverted from one channel to another
tubular cavity
a cavity having the shape of a tube
armpit, axilla, axillary cavity, axillary fossa
the hollow under the arm where it is joined to the shoulder
chest cavity, thoracic cavity
the cavity in the vertebrate body enclosed by the ribs between the diaphragm and the neck and containing the lungs and heart
rib cage
the bony enclosing wall of the chest
areola
small space in a tissue or body part such as the area between veins on a leaf or an insect's wing
abdomen, abdominal cavity
the cavity containing the major viscera; in mammals it is separated from the thorax by the diaphragm
arch
a curved bony structure supporting or enclosing organs (especially the inner sides of the feet)
heel
the back part of the human foot
girdle
an encircling or ringlike structure
lamina
a thin plate or layer (especially of bone or mineral)
nail
horny plate covering and protecting part of the dorsal surface of the digits
column
any tubular or pillar-like supporting structure in the body
appendicular skeleton
the part of the skeleton that includes the pectoral girdle and the pelvic girdle and the upper and lower limbs
axial skeleton
the part of the skeleton that includes the skull and spinal column and sternum and ribs
back, backbone, rachis, spinal column, spine, vertebral column
the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord
costal cartilage
the cartilages that connect the sternum and the ends of the ribs; its elasticity allows the chest to move in respiration
metacarpus
the part of the hand between the carpus and phalanges
metatarsus
the skeleton of the human foot between the toes and the tarsus; the corresponding part of the foot in birds or of the hind foot in quadrupeds
tarsus
the part of the foot of a vertebrate between the metatarsus and the leg; in human beings the bones of the ankle and heel collectively
pelvis, renal pelvis
a structure shaped like a funnel in the outlet of the kidney into which urine is discharged before passing into the ureter
pelvic cavity
the space bounded by the bones of the pelvis and containing the pelvic viscera
celom, celoma, coelom
a cavity in the mesoderm of an embryo that gives rise in humans to the pleural cavity and pericardial cavity and peritoneal cavity
ruga
(anatomy) a fold or wrinkle or crease
tentorium
(anatomy) a fold of dura mater that covers the cerebellum and supports the occipital lobes of the cerebrum
zona pellucida
thick membrane around the mammalian ovum; can be penetrated by one sperm in the fertilization process; usually remains around the fertilized egg until it is implanted in the wall of the uterus
alpha receptor, alpha-adrenergic receptor, alpha-adrenoceptor
receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasoconstriction and relaxation of intestinal muscles and contraction of smooth muscles)
beta receptor, beta-adrenergic receptor, beta-adrenoceptor
receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasodilation and increased heart beat)
zonula, zonule
small beltlike zone
fossa, pit
a concavity in a surface (especially an anatomical depression)
Type of:
body part
any part of an organism such as an organ or extremity

v give a structure to

“I need to structure my days”
Types:
reconstitute, restructure
construct or form anew or provide with a new structure
Type of:
coordinate, organise, organize
bring order and organization to
WORD FAMILY
USAGE EXAMPLES