structural member

DEFINITIONS OF: structural member

1

n support that is a constituent part of any structure or building

Types:
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beam
long thick piece of wood or metal or concrete, etc., used in construction
brace, bracing
a structural member used to stiffen a framework
plate
structural member consisting of a horizontal beam that provides bearing and anchorage
riser
structural member consisting of the vertical part of a stair or step
sill
structural member consisting of a continuous horizontal timber forming the lowest member of a framework or supporting structure
tread
structural member consisting of the horizontal part of a stair or step
upright, vertical
a vertical structural member as a post or stake
box beam, box girder
a beam built up from boards; has a hollow rectangular cross section
cantilever
projecting horizontal beam fixed at one end only
column, pillar
(architecture) a tall vertical cylindrical structure standing upright and used to support a structure
crosspiece
a transverse brace
doorsill, doorstep, threshold
the sill of a door; a horizontal piece of wood or stone that forms the bottom of a doorway and offers support when passing through a doorway
girder
a beam made usually of steel; a main support in a structure
gusset, gusset plate
a metal plate used to strengthen a joist
guy, guy cable, guy rope, guy wire
a cable, wire, or rope that is used to brace something (especially a tent)
header
a framing member crossing and supporting the ends of joists, studs, or rafters so as to transfer their weight to parallel joists, studs, or rafters
header, lintel
horizontal beam used as a finishing piece over a door or window
jamb
upright consisting of a vertical side member of a door or window frame
joist
beam used to support floors or roofs
keel
one of the main longitudinal beams (or plates) of the hull of a vessel; can extend vertically into the water to provide lateral stability
keelson
a longitudinal beam connected to the keel of ship to strengthen it
post
an upright consisting of a piece of timber or metal fixed firmly in an upright position
balk, baulk, rafter
one of several parallel sloping beams that support a roof
rider plate
a horizontal beam (or plate) connected to the top of a ship's vertical keel or to the keelson
ridge, ridgepole, rooftree
a beam laid along the edge where two sloping sides of a roof meet at the top; provides an attachment for the upper ends of rafters
scantling, stud
an upright in house framing
scape, shaft
(architecture) upright consisting of the vertical part of a column
shore, shoring
a beam or timber that is propped against a structure to provide support
stay
(nautical) brace consisting of a heavy rope or wire cable used as a support for a mast or spar
stile
an upright that is a member in a door or window frame
stringer
brace consisting of a longitudinal member to strengthen a fuselage or hull
strut
brace consisting of a bar or rod used to resist longitudinal compression
tie, tie beam
a horizontal beam used to prevent two other structural members from spreading apart or separating
crosstie, railroad tie, sleeper, tie
one of the cross braces that support the rails on a railway track
timber
a beam made of wood
crossbeam, crosspiece, trave, traverse
a horizontal beam that extends across something
wall plate
plate (a timber along the top of a wall) to support the ends of joists, etc., and distribute the load
windowsill
the sill of a window; the horizontal member at the bottom of the window frame
Type of:
support
any device that bears the weight of another thing
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