stone

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: stone

1
nv
a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter
kill by throwing stones at
2
n
an avoirdupois unit used to measure the weight of a human body; equal to 14 pounds
3
nv
the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed
remove the pits from
4
adj
of any of various dull tannish or grey colors
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: stone
1

n a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter

Synonyms:
rock
Examples:
Plymouth Rock
a boulder in Plymouth supposed to be where the Pilgrims disembarked from the Mayflower
Types:
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achondrite
a stony meteor lacking chondrules
bedrock
solid unweathered rock lying beneath surface deposits of soil
boulder, bowlder
a large smooth mass of rock detached from its place of origin
calculus, concretion
a hard lump produced by the concretion of mineral salts; found in hollow organs or ducts of the body
chondrite
a rock of meteoric origin containing chondrules
clastic rock
(geology) a rock composed of broken pieces of older rocks
crystal, crystallization
a rock formed by the solidification of a substance; has regularly repeating internal structure; external plane faces
intrusion
rock produced by an intrusive process
outcrop, outcropping, rock outcrop
the part of a rock formation that appears above the surface of the surrounding land
pebble
a small smooth rounded rock
petrifaction
a rock created by petrifaction; an organic object infiltrated with mineral matter and preserved in its original form
sill
(geology) a flat (usually horizontal) mass of igneous rock between two layers of older sedimentary rock
stepping stone
a stone in a marsh or shallow water that can be stepped on in crossing
tor
a prominent rock or pile of rocks on a hill
wall rock
a rock immediately adjacent to a vein or fault
whin, whinstone
any of various hard colored rocks (especially rocks consisting of chert or basalt)
xenolith
(geology) a piece of rock of different origin from the igneous rock in which it is embedded
belay
something to which a mountain climber's rope can be secured
bladder stone, cystolith
a calculus formed in the bladder
crystallite
any of numerous minute rudimentary crystalline bodies of unknown composition found in glassy igneous rock
enterolith
a calculus occurring in the intestines
bilestone, gallstone
a calculus formed in the gall bladder or its ducts
glacial boulder
a boulder that has been carried by a glacier to a place far distant from its place of origin
kidney stone, nephrolith, renal calculus, urinary calculus
a calculus formed in the kidney
outthrust
an outcropping of rock that extends outward
ptyalith
calculus in a salivary gland
river boulder
a boulder that has been carried by a river to a place remote from its place of origin
shore boulder
a boulder found on a shore remote from its place of origin
salivary calculus, sialolith
a stone formed in the salivary gland
urolith
a urinary stone
Type of:
natural object
an object occurring naturally; not made by man

n material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust

stone is abundant in New England and there are many quarries”
Synonyms:
rock
Types:
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quartzite
hard metamorphic rock consisting essentially of interlocking quartz crystals
road metal
broken rock used for repairing or making roads
sedimentary rock
rock formed from consolidated clay sediments
sial
the granitelike rocks that form the outermost layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and aluminum
sima
rock that form the continuous lower layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and magnesium
metamorphic rock
rock altered by pressure and heat
crushed rock, gravel
rock fragments and pebbles
caliche
nitrate-bearing rock or gravel of the sodium nitrate deposits of Chile and Peru
shingling
(geology) sediment in which flat pebbles are uniformly tilted in the same direction
pumice, pumice stone
a light glass formed on the surface of some lavas; used as an abrasive
aphanite
fine-grained homogeneous rock (such as basalt) containing minerals undetectable by the naked eye
claystone
fine-grained rock consisting of compacted clay particles
dolomite
a kind of sedimentary rock resembling marble or limestone but rich in magnesium carbonate
emery rock, emery stone
a mixture of emery dust and a binder; can be molded into grindstones
conglomerate, pudding stone
a composite rock made up of particles of varying size
fieldstone
stone that occurs naturally in fields; often used as building material
greisen
a granitic rock composed of quartz and mica
calc-tufa, tufa
a soft porous rock consisting of calcium carbonate deposited from springs rich in lime
magma
molten rock in the earth's crust
igneous rock
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
limestone
a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals
marble
a hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish; used for sculpture and as building material
matrix
(geology) amass of fine-grained rock in which fossils, crystals, or gems are embedded
amphibolite
a metamorphic rock composed chiefly of amphibole and plagioclase
argillite
a sedimentary rock differing from shale in being bound by silica and from slate in having no slate cleavages
arenaceous rock
a sedimentary rock composed of sand
argillaceous rock
a sedimentary rock formed from clay deposits
rudaceous rock
a sedimentary rock formed of coarse-grained material
marlite, marlstone
metamorphic rock with approximately the same composition as marl
hornfels, hornstone
a fine-grained metamorphic rock formed by the action of heat on clay rocks
ballast
coarse gravel laid to form a bed for streets and railroads
bank gravel, pit run, pit-run gravel
gravel as found in natural deposits
shingle
coarse beach gravel of small waterworn stones and pebbles (or a stretch of shore covered with such gravel)
slate
a fine-grained metamorphic rock that can be split into thin layers
andesite
a dark grey volcanic rock
aplite
light-colored and fine-grained granitic rock consisting chiefly of quartz and feldspars
gneiss
a laminated metamorphic rock similar to granite
schist
any metamorphic rock that can be split into thin layers
groundmass
(geology) the matrix of fine-grained crystalline material in which larger crystals are embedded
adesite
dark greyish extrusive rock
batholite, batholith, pluton, plutonic rock
large mass of intrusive igneous rock believed to have solidified deep within the earth
diorite
a granular crystalline intrusive rock
gabbro
one of a family of granular intrusive rocks
pegmatite
a form of igneous rock consisting of extremely coarse granite resulting from the crystallization of magma rich in rare elements
peridotite
a dark coarse-grained igneous rock consisting principally of olivine
rhyolite
very acid volcanic rock
volcanic rock
extrusive igneous rock solidified near or on the surface of the Earth
rottenstone, tripoli
a weathered and decomposed siliceous limestone; in powdered form it is used in polishing
verd antique, verde antique
a dark green impure marble
porphyritic rock, porphyry
any igneous rock with crystals embedded in a finer groundmass of minerals
shale
a sedimentary rock formed by the deposition of successive layers of clay
Type of:
material, stuff
the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object

n a crystalline rock that can be cut and polished for jewelry

“she had jewels made of all the rarest stones
Synonyms:
gem, gemstone
Types:
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cabochon
a highly polished gem that is cut convexly but without facets
opaque gem
a gemstone that is opaque
transparent gem
a gemstone having the property of transmitting light without serious diffusion
chrysoberyl
a rare hard yellow green mineral consisting of beryllium aluminate in crystal form; used as a gemstone
garnet
any of a group of hard glassy minerals (silicates of various metals) used as gemstones and as an abrasive
opal
a translucent mineral consisting of hydrated silica of variable color; some varieties are used as gemstones
amethyst
a transparent purple variety of quartz; used as a gemstone
aquamarine
a transparent variety of beryl that is blue green in color
cat's eye
any of various gems (as chrysoberyl or chalcedony) that reflect light when cut in a rounded shape
calcedony, chalcedony
a milky or greyish translucent to transparent quartz
chrysolite
a brown or yellow-green olivine found in igneous and metamorphic rocks and used as a gemstone
chrysoprase
a green variety of chalcedony valued as a gemstone
citrine
semiprecious yellow quartz resembling topaz
coral, precious coral, red coral
the hard stony skeleton of a Mediterranean coral that has a delicate red or pink color and is used for jewelry
adamant, diamond
very hard native crystalline carbon valued as a gem
emerald
a green transparent form of beryl; highly valued as a gemstone
jade, jadestone
a semiprecious gemstone that takes a high polish; is usually green but sometimes whitish; consists of jadeite or nephrite
jasper
an opaque form of quartz; red or yellow or brown or dark green in color; used for ornamentation or as a gemstone
kunzite
a pinkish lilac crystal form of the mineral spodumene that is used as a gemstone
lapis lazuli, lazuli
an azure blue semiprecious stone
moonstone
a transparent or translucent gemstone with a pearly luster; some specimens are orthoclase feldspar and others are plagioclase feldspar
morganite
a kind of pink beryl used as a gemstone
peridot
a pale green variety of chrysolite; used as a gemstone
ruby
a transparent deep red variety of corundum; used as a gemstone and in lasers
water sapphire
a deep blue cordierite often used as a gemstone
sapphire
a precious transparent stone of rich blue corundum valued as a gemstone
hiddenite
a green transparent form of the mineral spodumene used as a gemstone
aventurine, sunstone
a translucent quartz spangled with bits of mica or other minerals
topaz
a mineral (fluosilicate of aluminum) that occurs in crystals of various colors and is used as a gemstone
tourmaline
a mineral that is a complex borosilicate and hydroxide of aluminum containing iron and magnesium and calcium and lithium and sodium; it is usually black but occurs in transparent colored forms that are used as gemstones
turquoise
a blue to grey green mineral consisting of copper aluminum phosphate
Type of:
crystal
a solid formed by the solidification of a chemical and having a highly regular atomic structure

n building material consisting of a piece of rock hewn in a definite shape for a special purpose

“he wanted a special stone to mark the site”
Examples:
Blarney Stone
a stone in a castle in Ireland that is said to impart skill in flattery to anyone who kisses it
Rosetta Stone
a part of an inscribed granite stela that was originally about six feet tall and was set up in 196 BC; the inscriptions in hieroglyphics and Demotic and Greek gave the first clues to the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphics
Types:
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ashlar
a rectangular block of hewn stone used for building purposes
capstone, copestone, coping stone, stretcher
a stone that forms the top of wall or building
cornerstone
a stone at the outer corner of two intersecting masonry walls
cornerstone
a stone in the exterior of a large and important building; usually carved with a date and laid with appropriate ceremonies
foundation stone
a stone laid at a ceremony to mark the founding of a new building
gravestone, headstone, tombstone
a stone that is used to mark a grave
grindstone
a revolving stone shaped like a disk; used to grind or sharpen or polish edge tools
hearthstone
a stone that forms a hearth
millstone
one of a pair of heavy flat disk-shaped stones that are rotated against one another to grind the grain
monolith
a single great stone (often in the form of a column or obelisk)
paving stone
a stone used for paving
impost, springer
the lowest stone in an arch -- from which it springs
stela, stele
an ancient upright stone slab bearing markings
whetstone
a flat stone for sharpening edged tools or knives
cobble, cobblestone, sett
rectangular paving stone with curved top; once used to make roads
curbstone, kerbstone
a paving stone forming part of a curb
flag, flagstone
stratified stone that splits into pieces suitable as paving stones
hone
a whetstone made of fine gritstone; used for sharpening razors
oilstone
a whetstone for use with oil
Type of:
building material
material used for constructing buildings

n a lack of feeling or expression or movement

“he must have a heart of stone
“her face was as hard as stone
Type of:
chilliness, coldness, coolness, frigidity, frigidness, iciness
a lack of affection or enthusiasm

v kill by throwing stones at

“People wanted to stone the woman who had a child out of wedlock”
Synonyms:
lapidate
Type of:
kill
cause to die; put to death, usually intentionally or knowingly
2

n an avoirdupois unit used to measure the weight of a human body; equal to 14 pounds

“a heavy chap who must have weighed more than twenty stone
Type of:
avoirdupois unit
any of the units of the avoirdupois system of weights
3

n the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed

“you should remove the stones from prunes before cooking”
Synonyms:
endocarp, pit
Types:
peach pit
the stone seed of a peach
cherry stone
the stone seed of a cherry
Type of:
pericarp, seed vessel
the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovary

v remove the pits from

Synonyms:
pit
Type of:
remove, take, take away, withdraw
remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract
4

adj of any of various dull tannish or grey colors

Synonyms
chromatic
being or having or characterized by hue
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