stem

Sometimes stem means to originate; other times it means to stop something its source. You stem the flow of a river, but you can also observe that a river’s flow stems from a spring.

To remember stem’s meaning think of the stem of a plant––it’s where a plant begins but also where you pluck it from the ground. Once teachers realized that the students’ anger stemmed from the overload of homework, they stemmed the rebellion’s tide.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: stem

1
nv
cylinder forming a long narrow part of something
remove the stem from
2
n
(linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed
3
nv
a turn made in skiing; the back of one ski is forced outward and the other ski is brought parallel to it
cause to point inward
4
n
front part of a vessel or aircraft
5
v
grow out of, have roots in, originate in
6
v
stop the flow of a liquid
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: stem
1

n cylinder forming a long narrow part of something

Synonyms:
shank
Type of:
cylinder
a surface generated by rotating a parallel line around a fixed line

n a slender or elongated structure that supports a plant or fungus or a plant part or plant organ

Synonyms:
stalk
Types:
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gynophore
the stalk of a pistil that raises it above the receptacle
carpophore
a slender stalk that furnishes an axis for a carpel
corn stalk, cornstalk
the stalk of a corn plant
filament
the stalk of a stamen
funicle, funiculus
the stalk of a plant ovule or seed
petiolule
the stalk of a leaflet
cane
a strong slender often flexible stem as of bamboos, reeds, rattans, or sugar cane
sporangiophore
stalk bearing one or more sporangia
cutting, slip
a part (sometimes a root or leaf or bud) removed from a plant to propagate a new plant through rooting or grafting
tuber
a fleshy underground stem or root serving for reproductive and food storage
rhizome, rootstalk, rootstock
a horizontal plant stem with shoots above and roots below serving as a reproductive structure
axis
the main stem or central part about which plant organs or plant parts such as branches are arranged
caudex
woody stem of palms and tree ferns
beanstalk
stem of a bean plant
cladode, cladophyll, phylloclad, phylloclade
a flattened stem resembling and functioning as a leaf
caudex, stock
persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant
stipe
supporting stalk or stem-like structure especially of a pistil or fern frond or supporting a mushroom cap
flower stalk, scape
erect leafless flower stalk growing directly from the ground as in a tulip
leafstalk, petiole
the slender stem that supports the blade of a leaf
bulb
a modified bud consisting of a thickened globular underground stem serving as a reproductive structure
corm
solid swollen underground bulb-shaped stem or stem base and serving as a reproductive structure
branch
a division of a stem, or secondary stem arising from the main stem of a plant
culm
stem of plants of the Gramineae
halm, haulm
stems of beans and peas and potatoes and grasses collectively as used for thatching and bedding
bole, tree trunk, trunk
the main stem of a tree; usually covered with bark; the bole is usually the part that is commercially useful for lumber
water chestnut
edible bulbous tuber of a Chinese marsh plant
groundnut, potato bean, wild bean
nutlike tuber; important food of Native Americans
Jerusalem artichoke
edible tuber of the Jerusalem artichoke
yam
edible tuber of any of several yams
sugar cane, sugarcane
juicy canes whose sap is a source of molasses and commercial sugar; fresh canes are sometimes chewed for the juice
rattan, rattan cane
the stem of various climbing palms of the genus Calamus and related genera used to make wickerwork and furniture and canes
malacca
stem of the rattan palm used for making canes and umbrella handles
onion
the bulb of an onion plant
shallot
aggregate bulb of the multiplier onion
squill
bulb of the sea squill, which is sliced, dried, and used as an expectorant
quickset
cuttings of plants set in the ground to grow as hawthorn for hedges or vines
rachis
axis of a compound leaf or compound inflorescence
phyllode
an expanded petiole taking on the function of a leaf blade
peduncle
stalk bearing an inflorescence or solitary flower
spadix
the fleshy axis of a spike often surrounded by a spathe
bulbil, bulblet
small bulb or bulb-shaped growth arising from the leaf axil or in the place of flowers
deadwood
a branch or a part of a tree that is dead
limb, tree branch
any of the main branches arising from the trunk or a bough of a tree
branchlet, sprig, twig
a small branch or division of a branch (especially a terminal division); usually applied to branches of the current or preceding year
Type of:
plant organ
a functional and structural unit of a plant or fungus

n the tube of a tobacco pipe

Type of:
tube, tubing
conduit consisting of a long hollow object (usually cylindrical) used to hold and conduct objects or liquids or gases

v remove the stem from

“for automatic natural language processing, the words must be stemmed
Type of:
remove, take, take away, withdraw
remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract
2

n (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed

“thematic vowels are part of the stem
Synonyms:
base, radical, root, root word, theme
Type of:
descriptor, form, signifier, word form
the phonological or orthographic sound or appearance of a word that can be used to describe or identify something
3

n a turn made in skiing; the back of one ski is forced outward and the other ski is brought parallel to it

Synonyms:
stem turn
Type of:
turn, turning
the act of changing or reversing the direction of the course

v cause to point inward

stem your skis”
Type of:
orient
cause to point
4

n front part of a vessel or aircraft

Synonyms:
bow, fore, prow
Type of:
front
the side that is seen or that goes first
5

v grow out of, have roots in, originate in

“The increase in the national debt stems from the last war”
Type of:
originate in
come from
6

v stop the flow of a liquid

stem the tide”
Synonyms:
halt, stanch, staunch
Type of:
check
arrest the motion (of something) abruptly
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