spirit

If someone tells you you have a sagging spirit, that means your life-force seems to be missing.

Spirit comes from the Latin word for "breath," and like breath, spirit is considered a fundamental part of being alive. Some people think of the spirit as a presence that's separate from the body, which is why spirit is another word for ghost. We also use spirit to mean "the general mood or intent," like when you tell your former enemy, "I approach you in the spirit of kindness."

DEFINITIONS OF: spirit

1

n the vital principle or animating force within living things

Types:
psyche, soul
the immaterial part of a person; the actuating cause of an individual life
ghost
the visible disembodied soul of a dead person
Type of:
life principle, vital principle
a hypothetical force to which the functions and qualities peculiar to living things are sometimes ascribed

n any incorporeal supernatural being that can become visible (or audible) to human beings

Synonyms:
disembodied spirit
Examples:
Mephistopheles
evil spirit to whom Faust sold his soul
Types:
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control
a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance
evil spirit
a spirit tending to cause harm
banshee, banshie
(Irish folklore) a female spirit who wails to warn of impending death
djinn, djinni, djinny, genie, jinnee, jinni
(Islam) an invisible spirit mentioned in the Koran and believed by Muslims to inhabit the earth and influence mankind by appearing in the form of humans or animals
familiar, familiar spirit
a spirit (usually in animal form) that acts as an assistant to a witch or wizard
peri
(Persian folklore) a supernatural being descended from fallen angels and excluded from paradise until penance is done
apparition, fantasm, phantasm, phantasma, phantom, specter, spectre
a ghostly appearing figure
presence
an invisible spiritual being felt to be nearby
kachina
a deified spirit of the Pueblo people
numen
a spirit believed to inhabit an object or preside over a place (especially in ancient Roman religion)
python
a soothsaying spirit or a person who is possessed by such a spirit
silvan, sylvan
a spirit that lives in or frequents the woods
thunderbird
(mythology) the spirit of thunder and lightning believed by some Native Americans to take the shape of a great bird
zombi, zombi spirit, zombie, zombie spirit
(voodooism) a spirit or supernatural force that reanimates a dead body
bad fairy
a fairy that tends to cause harm
bogey, bogie, bogy
an evil spirit
daemon, daimon, demon, devil, fiend
an evil supernatural being
cacodaemon, cacodemon
an evil spirit
ghoul
an evil spirit or ghost
goblin, hob, hobgoblin
(folklore) a small grotesque supernatural creature that makes trouble for human beings
kelpie, kelpy
(Scottish folklore) water spirit in the form of a horse that likes to drown its riders
lamia, vampire
(folklore) a corpse that rises at night to drink the blood of the living
shaitan, shaytan
(Islam) a rebellious jinni who leads men astray
eblis
(Islam) the principal evil jinni in Islamic mythology
Flying Dutchman
the captain of a phantom ship (the Flying Dutchman) who was condemned to sail against the wind until Judgment Day
Type of:
spiritual being, supernatural being
an incorporeal being believed to have powers to affect the course of human events

n the state of a person's emotions (especially with regard to pleasure or dejection)

“he was in good spirits
“his spirit rose”
Synonyms:
emotional state
Types:
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embarrassment
the state of being embarrassed (usually by some financial inadequacy)
ecstasy, exaltation, rapture, raptus, transport
a state of being carried away by overwhelming emotion
gratification, satisfaction
state of being gratified or satisfied
felicity, happiness
state of well-being characterized by emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy
state
a state of depression or agitation
unhappiness
state characterized by emotions ranging from mild discontentment to deep grief
quality of life
your personal satisfaction (or dissatisfaction) with the cultural or intellectual conditions under which you live (as distinct from material comfort)
comfort
satisfaction or physical well-being provided by a person or thing
beatification, beatitude, blessedness
a state of supreme happiness
embitterment
the state of being embittered
sadness, sorrow, sorrowfulness
the state of being sad
radiance
an attractive combination of good health and happiness
Type of:
emotion
any strong feeling

n a fundamental emotional and activating principle determining one's character

Types:
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braveness, bravery, courage, courageousness
a quality of spirit that enables you to face danger or pain without showing fear
cowardice, cowardliness
the trait of lacking courage
heart, mettle, nerve, spunk
the courage to carry on
gallantry, heroism, valiance, valiancy, valor, valorousness, valour
the qualities of a hero or heroine; exceptional or heroic courage when facing danger (especially in battle)
dauntlessness, intrepidity
resolute courageousness
Dutch courage
courage resulting from intoxication
stoutheartedness
the trait of having a courageous spirit
fearlessness
the trait of feeling no fear
cravenness
meanspirited cowardice
fearfulness
the trait of being afraid
dastardliness
despicable cowardice
fortitude
strength of mind that enables one to endure adversity with courage
Type of:
character, fiber, fibre
the inherent complex of attributes that determines a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions

n an inclination or tendency of a certain kind

Synonyms:
heart
Type of:
disposition, temperament
your usual mood

n animation and energy in action or expression

Synonyms:
life, liveliness, sprightliness
Types:
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pertness
quality of being lively and confident
airiness, delicacy
lightness in movement or manner
alacrity, briskness, smartness
liveliness and eagerness
energy, muscularity, vigor, vigour, vim
an imaginative lively style (especially style of writing)
elan
enthusiastic and assured vigor and liveliness
esprit
liveliness of mind or spirit
breeziness, jauntiness
a breezy liveliness
buoyancy, irrepressibility
irrepressible liveliness and good spirit
high-spiritedness
exuberant liveliness
ebullience, enthusiasm, exuberance
overflowing with eager enjoyment or approval
ginger, pep, peppiness
liveliness and energy
verve, vitality
an energetic style
vivacity
characterized by high spirits and animation
mettlesomeness
courageous high-spiritedness
lyricism
unrestrained and exaggerated enthusiasm
madness, rabidity, rabidness
unrestrained excitement or enthusiasm
Type of:
animation, brio, invigoration, spiritedness, vivification
quality of being active or spirited or alive and vigorous

n the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people

Synonyms:
feel, feeling, flavor, flavour, look, smell, tone
Types:
Hollywood
a flashy vulgar tone or atmosphere believed to be characteristic of the American film industry
Zeitgeist
the spirit of the time; the spirit characteristic of an age or generation
Type of:
ambiance, ambience, atmosphere
a particular environment or surrounding influence

n the intended meaning of a communication

Synonyms:
intent, purport
Type of:
import, meaning, significance, signification
the message that is intended or expressed or signified

v infuse with spirit

“The company spirited him up”
Synonyms:
inspirit, spirit up
Type of:
animate, enliven, invigorate, liven, liven up
make lively
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