short

Short describes something that is not as long as usual. If your childhood bed is too short for you, your feet will dangle over the edge, and if a school day is short, you'll get out early.

The adjective short describes things that aren't long when you measure them, or have a small distance from one end to another, like your short hair or the short walk to the library. A small amount of time can also be described as short, like a short chat with your mom. As a verb, short can describe cheating someone out of money or not paying what is owed, like a friend who shorts you when the lunch bill arrives.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: short

1
adjadvn
(primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length
at some point or distance before a goal is reached
the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed
2
adjadv
primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration
quickly and without warning
3
nv
accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference
create a short circuit in
4
adjadvv
not sufficient to meet a need
at a disadvantage
cheat someone by not returning him enough money
5
adjadv
not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices
without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold
6
adj
tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening
7
adjadv
marked by rude or peremptory shortness
in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner
8
adv
clean across
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: short
1

adj (primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length

short skirts”
short hair”
“the board was a foot short
“a short toss”
Synonyms
abbreviated, brief
(of clothing) very short
close
used of hair or haircuts
curtal
(obsolete) cut short
sawed-off, sawn-off, shortened
cut short
shortish
somewhat short
short-range
limited to short distances
short-snouted
having a snout that is shorter than average
snub
unusually short
stubby
short and blunt
shortened, telescoped
shortened by or as if by means of parts that slide one within another or are crushed one into another
truncate, truncated
terminating abruptly by having or as if having an end or point cut off
Antonyms:
long
primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified
elongate, elongated
having notably more length than width; being long and slender
elongated, extended, lengthened, prolonged
drawn out or made longer spatially
extendable, extendible
capable of being lengthened
far
being of a considerable distance or length
lank
long and thin and often limp
long-handled, pole-handled
having a long handle
long-range
suitable for or reaching long distances
long-snouted
having a snout that is longer than average
long-staple
having relatively long fibers
long-wool, long-wooled
(of sheep) having relatively long wool
oblong
deviating from a square or circle or sphere by being elongated in one direction
polysyllabic, sesquipedalian
(of words) long and ponderous; having many syllables
stretch
having an elongated seating area
show more antonyms...

adj low in stature; not tall

“he was short and stocky”
short in stature”
“a short smokestack”
Synonyms:
little
low
literal meanings; being at or having a relatively small elevation or upward extension
chunky, dumpy, low-set, squat, squatty, stumpy
short and thick; as e.g. having short legs and heavy musculature
compact, heavyset, stocky, thick, thickset
having a short and solid form or stature
half-length
representing only the upper half of the body
pint-size, pint-sized, runty, sawed-off, sawn-off
well below average height
short-stalked
of plants having relatively short stalks
squab, squabby
short and fat
Antonyms:
tall
great in vertical dimension; high in stature
high
(literal meaning) being at or having a relatively great or specific elevation or upward extension (sometimes used in combinations like `knee-high')
big, large
above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude or extent
gangling, gangly, lanky, rangy
tall and thin and having long slender limbs
in height
having a specified height
leggy, long-legged, long-shanked
having long legs
leggy, tall-growing
(of plants) having tall spindly stems
long
of relatively great height
long-stalked, tall-stalked
of plants having relatively long stalks
stately, statuesque
of size and dignity suggestive of a statue
tallish
somewhat tall
show more antonyms...

adv at some point or distance before a goal is reached

“he fell short of our expectations”

n the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed

Type of:
parcel, parcel of land, piece of ground, piece of land, tract
an extended area of land

n the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base

Synonyms:
shortstop
Type of:
position
(in team sports) the role assigned to an individual player
2

adj primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration

“a short life”
“a short flight”
“a short holiday”
“a short story”
“only a few short months”
Synonyms
abbreviated, shortened, truncated
cut short in duration
brief
of short duration or distance
clipped
(of speech) having quick short sounds
fleeting, fugitive, momentaneous, momentary
lasting for a markedly brief time
short and sweet
dealt with very quickly; to the point
short-dated
of a gilt-edged security; having less than 5 years to run before redemption
short-range
relating to the near future
short-run, short-term
relating to or extending over a limited period
Antonyms:
long
primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively great or greater than average duration or passage of time or a duration as specified
agelong
lasting through all time
bimestrial
two months long; lasting two months
chronic, continuing
of long duration
daylong
lasting through an entire day
drawn-out, extended, lengthy, prolonged, protracted
relatively long in duration; tediously protracted
durable, lasting, long-lasting, long-lived
existing for a long time
eight-day
lasting for eight days
endless, eternal, interminable
tiresomely long; seemingly without end
hourlong
lasting for an hour
lifelong, womb-to-tomb
continuing through life
long-acting
active over a long period of time
long-dated
of a gilt-edged security; having more than 15 years to run before redemption
longish
somewhat long
long-life
(of perishable goods) treated to stay fresh longer than usual
longitudinal
over an extended time
long-range
involving an extended span of time
long-run, long-term, semipermanent
relating to or extending over a relatively long time
longstanding
having existed for a long time
monthlong
last through a month
all-night, nightlong, overnight
lasting, open, or operating through the whole night
perennial
lasting an indefinitely long time; suggesting self-renewal
time-consuming
of a task that takes time and patience
seven-day, weeklong
lasting through a week
yearlong
lasting through a year
show more antonyms...

adj of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration

“the English vowel sounds in `pat', `pet', `pit', `pot', putt' are short
Antonyms:
long
(of speech sounds or syllables) of relatively long duration

adv quickly and without warning

Synonyms:
abruptly, dead, suddenly

adv so as to interrupt

“She took him up short before he could continue”
3

n accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference

Synonyms:
short circuit
Type of:
contact, tangency
(electronics) a junction where things (as two electrical conductors) touch or are in physical contact

v create a short circuit in

Synonyms:
short-circuit
Type of:
create, make
make or cause to be or to become
4

adj not sufficient to meet a need

“money is short
“on short rations”
“food is in short supply”
short on experience”
Synonyms:
inadequate, poor
deficient, insufficient
of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement

adj lacking foresight or scope

“a short view of the problem”
Synonyms:
myopic, shortsighted, unforesightful
improvident
not provident; not providing for the future

adj (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range

“a short memory”
Synonyms:
forgetful, unretentive
forgetful, mindless, unmindful
not mindful or attentive
Antonyms:
long, recollective, retentive, tenacious
good at remembering
aware, mindful
bearing in mind; attentive to
show more antonyms...

adj less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so

“regularly gives short weight”
Synonyms:
light, scant
deficient, insufficient
of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement

adv at a disadvantage

“I was caught short
Synonyms:
unawares

v cheat someone by not returning him enough money

Synonyms:
short-change
Type of:
bunco, con, defraud, diddle, gip, goldbrick, gyp, hornswoggle, mulct, nobble, rook, scam, short-change, swindle, victimize
deprive of by deceit
5

adj not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices

“a short sale”
short in cotton”
Antonyms:
long
holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in prices

adv without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold

“he made his fortune by selling short just before the crash”
6

adj tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening

“shortbread is a short crumbly cookie”
“a short flaky pie crust”
Synonyms
breakable
capable of being broken or damaged
7

adj marked by rude or peremptory shortness

“the salesgirl was very short with him”
Synonyms:
brusk, brusque, curt
discourteous
showing no courtesy; rude

adv in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner

“he talked short with everyone”
Synonyms:
curtly, shortly
8

adv clean across

“the car's axle snapped short
WORD FAMILY
USAGE EXAMPLES