science

Science is the field of study concerned with discovering and describing the world around us by observing and experimenting. Biology, chemistry, and physics are all branches of science.

Science is an "empirical" field, that is, it develops a body of knowledge by observing things and performing experiments. The meticulous process of gathering and analyzing data is called the "scientific method," and we sometimes use science to describe the knowledge we already have. Science is also what's involved in the performance of something complicated: "the science of making a perfect soufflé."

DEFINITIONS OF: science

1

n ability to produce solutions in some problem domain

“the sweet science of pugilism”
Synonyms:
skill
Types:
nose
a natural skill
virtuosity
technical skill or fluency or style exhibited by a virtuoso
bravura
brilliant and showy technical skill
Type of:
ability, power
possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done

n a particular branch of scientific knowledge

“the science of genetics”
Synonyms:
scientific discipline
Types:
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natural history
the scientific study of plants or animals (more observational than experimental) usually published in popular magazines rather than in academic journals
natural science
the sciences involved in the study of the physical world and its phenomena
math, mathematics, maths
a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
agronomy, scientific agriculture
the application of soil and plant sciences to land management and crop production
agrobiology
the study of plant nutrition and growth especially as a way to increase crop yield
agrology
science of soils in relation to crops
architectonics, tectonics
the science of architecture
metallurgy
the science and technology of metals
metrology
the scientific study of measurement
nutrition
the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans)
psychological science, psychology
the science of mental life
IP, informatics, information processing, information science
the sciences concerned with gathering, manipulating, storing, retrieving, and classifying recorded information
cognitive science
the field of science concerned with cognition; includes parts of cognitive psychology and linguistics and computer science and cognitive neuroscience and philosophy of mind
social science
the branch of science that studies society and the relationships of individual within a society
strategics
the science or art of strategy
systematics
the science of systematic classification
thanatology
the branch of science that studies death (especially its social and psychological aspects)
cryptanalysis, cryptanalytics, cryptography, cryptology
the science of analyzing and deciphering codes and ciphers and cryptograms
linguistics
the scientific study of language
pure mathematics
the branches of mathematics that study and develop the principles of mathematics for their own sake rather than for their immediate usefulness
applied math, applied mathematics
the branches of mathematics that are involved in the study of the physical or biological or sociological world
bioscience, life science
any of the branches of natural science dealing with the structure and behavior of living organisms
chemical science, chemistry
the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
natural philosophy, physics
the science of matter and energy and their interactions
physical science, physics
the physical properties, phenomena, and laws of something
earth science
any of the sciences that deal with the earth or its parts
cosmography
the science that maps the general features of the universe; describes both heaven and earth (but without encroaching on geography or astronomy)
powder metallurgy
the metallurgy of powdered metals; how to produce solid metal objects from powdered metal by compaction and sintering
abnormal psychology, psychopathology
the branch of psychology concerned with abnormal behavior
applied psychology, industrial psychology
any of several branches of psychology that seek to apply psychological principles to practical problems of education or industry or marketing etc.
cognitive psychology
an approach to psychology that emphasizes internal mental processes
animal psychology, comparative psychology
the branch of psychology concerned with the behavior of animals
child psychology, developmental psychology, genetic psychology
the branch of psychology that studies the social and mental development of children
differential psychology
the branch of psychology that studies measurable differences between individuals
experimental psychology, psychonomics
the branch of psychology that uses experimental methods to study psychological issues
neuropsychology, physiological psychology, psychophysiology
the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes
psychometrics, psychometrika, psychometry
any branch of psychology concerned with psychological measurements
social psychology
the branch of psychology that studies persons and their relationships with others and with groups and with society as a whole
NLP, human language technology, natural language processing
the branch of information science that deals with natural language information
cybernetics
(biology) the field of science concerned with processes of communication and control (especially the comparison of these processes in biological and artificial systems)
civics
the social science of municipal affairs
anthropology
the social science that studies the origins and social relationships of human beings
government, political science, politics
the study of government of states and other political units
domestic science, home ec, home economics, household arts
theory and practice of homemaking
economic science, economics, political economy
the branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management
proxemics
the study of spatial distances between individuals in different cultures and situations
sociology
the study and classification of human societies
biosystematics, biosystematy
use of data (e.g. cytogenetic or biochemical) to assess taxonomic relations especially within an evolutionary framework
taxonomy
(biology) study of the general principles of scientific classification
computational linguistics
the use of computers for linguistic research and applications
dialect geography, linguistic geography
the study of the geographical distribution of linguistic features
etymology
the study of the sources and development of words
diachronic linguistics, diachrony, historical linguistics
the study of linguistic change
neurolinguistics
the branch of linguistics that studies the relation between language and the structure and function of the nervous system
pragmatics
the study of language use
semantics
the study of language meaning
sociolinguistics
the study of language in relation to its sociocultural context
structural linguistics, structuralism
linguistics defined as the analysis of formal structures in a text or discourse
synchronic linguistics
the study of a language without reference to its historical context
descriptive linguistics
a description (at a given point in time) of a language with respect to its phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics without value judgments
prescriptive linguistics
an account of how a language should be used instead of how it is actually used; a prescription for the `correct' phonology and morphology and syntax and semantics
Type of:
bailiwick, discipline, field, field of study, study, subject, subject area, subject field
a branch of knowledge
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