saturated

Saturated means drenched and full. When you fish out a slice of bread that’s fallen into your water glass and find it’s disgustingly spongy and waterlogged, it’s saturated.

Saturated originally meant “satisfied," but by the 1700s it could mean “soaked thoroughly.” In the twentieth century it developed marketing connotations, as in a saturated market — one without room for competition. In chemistry, saturated refers to an organic compound, like a fatty acid, that contains the highest number of hydrogen atoms possible. When it comes to color, saturated means pure, or undiluted with white, grey, or black.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: saturated

1
adj
being the most concentrated solution possible at a given temperature; unable to dissolve still more of a substance
2
adj
(of color) being chromatically pure; not diluted with white or grey or black
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: saturated
1

adj being the most concentrated solution possible at a given temperature; unable to dissolve still more of a substance

“a saturated solution”
Synonyms:
concentrated
supersaturated
being more concentrated than normally possible and therefore not in equilibrium
Antonyms:
unsaturated
not saturated; capable of dissolving more of a substance at a given temperature

adj used especially of organic compounds; having all available valence bonds filled

saturated fats”
Antonyms:
unsaturated
used of a compound (especially of carbon) containing atoms sharing more than one valence bond
monounsaturated
(of long-chain carbon compounds especially fats) saturated except for one multiple bond
polyunsaturated
(of long-chain carbon compounds especially fats) having many unsaturated bonds
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2

adj (of color) being chromatically pure; not diluted with white or grey or black

Synonyms:
pure
intense, vivid
(of color) having the highest saturation
Antonyms:
unsaturated
(of color) not chromatically pure; diluted
dull
(of color) very low in saturation; highly diluted
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