relative

A relative is a person who is part of your family. Parents, siblings, uncles, aunts, grandparents, cousins, nieces and nephews — they're all relatives.

A relative can be connected to your family through blood or by marriage. If you are a child or grandchild of Maria's, for example, you are a blood relative of her family. If you marry Maria's son, you become a relative by marriage. Relative is also an adjective that means "estimated by comparison," like the steep hill that is tiny, relative to the mountain behind it.

DEFINITIONS OF: relative

1

adj estimated by comparison; not absolute or complete

“a relative stranger”
Synonyms:
comparative
relational
having a relation or being related
Antonyms:
absolute
perfect or complete or pure
direct
lacking compromising or mitigating elements; exact
implicit, unquestioning
being without doubt or reserve
infinite
total and all-embracing
living
(informal) absolute
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adj properly related in size or degree or other measurable characteristics; usually followed by `to'

“earnings relative to production”
Synonyms:
proportional
proportionate
being in due proportion

n a person related by blood or marriage

“police are searching for relatives of the deceased”
Synonyms:
relation
Examples:
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Abraham
the first of the Old Testament patriarchs and the father of Isaac; according to Genesis, God promised to give Abraham's family (the Hebrews) the land of Canaan (the Promised Land); God tested Abraham by asking him to sacrifice his son
Albert Francis Charles Augustus Emmanuel
prince consort of Queen Victoria of England (1819-1861)
Bathsheba
(Old Testament) the wife of Uriah and later the wife of king David; Solomon was her son by David (circa 10th century BC)
Benjamin
(Old Testament) the youngest and best-loved son of Jacob and Rachel and one of the twelve forebears of the tribes of Israel
Catherine of Aragon
first wife of Henry VIII; Henry VIII's divorce from her was the initial step of the Reformation in England (1485-1536)
Anne Hathaway
wife of William Shakespeare (1556-1623)
Isaac
(Old Testament) the second patriarch; son of Abraham and Sarah who was offered by Abraham as a sacrifice to God; father of Jacob and Esau
Ishmael
(Old Testament) the son of Abraham who was cast out after the birth of Isaac; considered the forebear of 12 Arabian tribes
Issachar
(Old Testament) a son of Jacob and a forebear of one of the tribes of Israel
Joseph
(Old Testament) the 11th son of Jacob and one of the 12 patriarchs of Israel; Jacob gave Joseph a coat of many colors, which made his brothers jealous and they sold him into slavery in Egypt
Judah
(Old Testament) the fourth son of Jacob who was forebear of one of the tribes of Israel; one of his descendants was to be the Messiah
Marquise de Maintenon
French consort of Louis XIV who secretly married the king after the death of his first wife (1635-1719)
Methuselah
(Old Testament) a patriarch (grandfather of Noah) who is said to have lived 969 years
Naomi
the mother-in-law of Ruth whose story is told in the Book of Ruth in the Old Testament
Noah
the Hebrew patriarch who saved himself and his family and the animals by building an ark in which they survived 40 days and 40 nights of rain; the story of Noah and the flood is told in the Book of Genesis
Rachel
(Old Testament) the second wife of Jacob and mother of Joseph and Benjamin
Rebecca
(Old Testament) wife of Isaac and mother of Jacob and Esau
Reuben
(Old Testment) a son of Jacob and forefather of one of the tribes of Israel
Ruth
the great-grandmother of king David whose story is told in the Book of Ruth in the Old Testament
Sarah
(Old Testament) the wife of Abraham and mother of Isaac
Esau
(Old Testament) the eldest son of Isaac who would have inherited the covenant that God made with Abraham and that Abraham passed on to Isaac; he traded his birthright to his twin brother Jacob for a mess of pottage
Blessed Virgin
the mother of Jesus; Christians refer to her as the Virgin Mary; she is especially honored by Roman Catholics
Types:
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ancestor, antecedent, ascendant, ascendent, root
someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)
cousin, cousin-german, first cousin, full cousin
the child of your aunt or uncle
descendant, descendent
a person considered as descended from some ancestor or race
in-law, relative-in-law
a relative by marriage
blood relation, blood relative, cognate, sib
one related by blood or origin; especially on sharing an ancestor with another
family, kin, kinsperson
a person having kinship with another or others
enate, matrikin, matrilineal kin, matrilineal sib, matrisib
one related on the mother's side
agnate, patrikin, patrilineal kin, patrilineal sib, patrisib
one related on the father's side
kinsman
a male relative
kinswoman
a female relative
kissing cousin, kissing kin
a more or less distant relative; familiar enough to be greeted with a kiss
next of kin
the person who is (or persons who are) most closely related to a given person
issue, offspring, progeny
the immediate descendants of a person
second cousin
a child of a first cousin
sib, sibling
a person's brother or sister
better half, married person, mate, partner, spouse
a person's partner in marriage
affine
(anthropology) kin by marriage
ancestress
a woman ancestor
aunt, auntie, aunty
the sister of your father or mother; the wife of your uncle
baby
the youngest member of a group (not necessarily young)
bastard, by-blow, illegitimate, illegitimate child, love child, whoreson
the illegitimate offspring of unmarried parents
bigamist
someone who marries one person while already legally married to another
brother-in-law
a brother by marriage
child, kid
a human offspring (son or daughter) of any age
child
a member of a clan or tribe
consort
the husband or wife of a reigning monarch
daughter-in-law
the wife of your son
father-in-law
the father of your spouse
female sibling
a person's sister
eldest, firstborn
the offspring who came first in the order of birth
forbear, forebear
a person from whom you are descended
father, forefather, sire
the founder of a family
foremother
a woman ancestor
primogenitor, progenitor
an ancestor in the direct line
grandchild
a child of your son or daughter
half blood
one of siblings who have only one parent in common
helpmate, helpmeet
a helpful partner
hubby, husband, married man
a married man; a woman's partner in marriage
male sibling
a sibling who is male
monogamist, monogynist
someone who practices monogamy (one spouse at a time)
mother-in-law
the mother of your spouse
nephew
a son of your brother or sister
honeymooner, newlywed
someone recently married
niece
a daughter of your brother or sister
polygamist
someone who is married to two or more people at the same time
quad, quadruplet
one of four children born at the same time from the same pregnancy
quin, quint, quintuplet
one of five children born at the same time from the same pregnancy
scion
a descendent or heir
sister-in-law
the sister of your spouse
son-in-law
the husband of your daughter
heir, successor
a person who inherits some title or office
triplet
one of three offspring born at the same time from the same pregnancy
twin
either of two offspring born at the same time from the same pregnancy
uncle
the brother of your father or mother; the husband of your aunt
married woman, wife
a married woman; a man's partner in marriage
Type of:
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul
a human being

n an animal or plant that bears a relationship to another (as related by common descent or by membership in the same genus)

Synonyms:
congenator, congener, congeneric
Type of:
being, organism
a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
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