poem

A poem is written by composing lines of metrical feet (those are like beats or counts of syllables), arranged rhythmically. If you're looking to impress your crush, try penning a poem.

Poetry is literature in metrical form, and a poem is what we call a piece of poetry. There are so many different kinds of poems it's almost impossible to define, but usually poems are written in short lines, and sometimes don't have too many lines. What counts in a poem is distilling something down, and finding the right words. If someone tells you that your Tweets are like little poems, then you must be a lovely writer.

DEFINITIONS OF: poem

1

n a composition written in metrical feet forming rhythmical lines

Synonyms:
verse form
Examples:
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Aeneid
an epic in Latin by Virgil; tells the adventures of Aeneas after the Trojan War; provides an illustrious historical background for the Roman Empire
Divina Commedia
a narrative epic poem written by Dante
Iliad
a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the siege of Troy
Odyssey
a Greek epic poem (attributed to Homer) describing the journey of Odysseus after the fall of Troy
Nibelungenlied
an epic poem written in Middle High German and based on the legends of Siegfried and Teutonic kings
Types:
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abecedarius
a poem having lines beginning with letters of the alphabet in regular order
Alcaic, Alcaic verse
verse in the meter used in Greek and Latin poetry consisting of strophes of 4 tetrametric lines; reputedly invented by Alcaeus
ballad, lay
a narrative poem of popular origin
ballade
a poem consisting of 3 stanzas and an envoy
blank verse
unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)
elegy, lament
a mournful poem; a lament for the dead
epic, epic poem, epos, heroic poem
a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds
free verse, vers libre
unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern
haiku
an epigrammatic Japanese verse form of three short lines
lyric, lyric poem
a short poem of songlike quality
rondeau, rondel
a French verse form of 10 or 13 lines running on two rhymes; the opening phrase is repeated as the refrain of the second and third stanzas
sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme
tanka
a form of Japanese poetry; the 1st and 3rd lines have five syllables and the 2nd, 4th, and 5th have seven syllables
terza rima
a verse form with a rhyme scheme: aba bcb cdc, etc.
rhyme, verse
a piece of poetry
versicle
a short verse said or sung by a priest or minister in public worship and followed by a response from the congregation
clerihew
a witty satiric verse containing two rhymed couplets and mentioning a famous person
doggerel, doggerel verse, jingle
a comic verse of irregular measure
limerick
a humorous verse form of 5 anapestic lines with a rhyme scheme aabba
roundel
English form of rondeau having three triplets with a refrain after the first and third
rondelet
a shorter form of rondeau
chanson de geste
Old French epic poems
rhapsody
an epic poem adapted for recitation
Italian sonnet, Petrarchan sonnet
a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd
Elizabethan sonnet, English sonnet, Shakespearean sonnet
a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg
Spenserian sonnet
a sonnet consisting of three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab bcbd cdcd ee
ode
a lyric poem with complex stanza forms
sursum corda
(Roman Catholic Church) a Latin versicle meaning `lift up your hearts'
heroic, heroic meter, heroic verse
a verse form suited to the treatment of heroic or elevated themes; dactylic hexameter or iambic pentameter
Edda
either of two distinct works in Old Icelandic dating from the late 13th century and consisting of 34 mythological and heroic ballads composed between 800 and 1200; the primary source for Scandinavian mythology
Type of:
literary composition, literary work
imaginative or creative writing
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