plant substance

DEFINITIONS OF: plant substance

1

n material derived from plants

Synonyms:
plant material
Types:
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cutin
(biochemistry) a waxy transparent material that occurs in the cuticle of plants and consists of highly polymerized esters of fatty acids
chaff, husk, shuck, stalk, straw, stubble
material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds
cork
outer bark of the cork oak; used for stoppers for bottles etc.
plant product
a product made from plant material
vegetable tallow
a waxy fat obtained from certain plants (e.g. bayberry) and used as tallow
wood
the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
bentwood
wood that is steamed until it becomes pliable and then is shaped for use in making furniture
coca
dried leaves of the coca plant (and related plants that also contain cocaine); chewed by Andean people for their stimulating effect
baccy, tobacco
leaves of the tobacco plant dried and prepared for smoking or ingestion
pine
straight-grained durable and often resinous white to yellowish timber of any of numerous trees of the genus Pinus
larch
wood of a larch tree
fir
nonresinous wood of a fir tree
cedar, cedarwood
durable aromatic wood of any of numerous cedar trees; especially wood of the red cedar often used for cedar chests
spruce
light soft moderately strong wood of spruce trees; used especially for timbers and millwork
hemlock
soft coarse splintery wood of a hemlock tree especially the western hemlock
cypress
wood of any of various cypress trees especially of the genus Cupressus
redwood
the soft reddish wood of either of two species of sequoia trees
citronwood, sandarac
durable fragrant wood; used in building (as in the roof of the cathedral at Cordova, Spain)
kauri
white close-grained wood of a tree of the genus Agathis especially Agathis australis
yellowwood
the yellow wood of any of various yellowwood trees
yew
wood of a yew; especially the durable fine-grained light brown or red wood of the English yew valued for cabinetwork and archery bows
lancewood
durable straight-grained wood of the lacewood tree; used for building and cabinetwork and tools
true tulipwood, tulipwood, white poplar, whitewood, yellow poplar
light easily worked wood of a tulip tree; used for furniture and veneer
zebrawood
handsomely striped or mottled wood of the zebrawood tree; used especially for cabinetwork
cocoswood, cocuswood, granadilla wood
wood of the granadilla tree used for making musical instruments especially clarinets
shittimwood
wood of the shittah tree used to make the ark of the Hebrew Tabernacle
sabicu, sabicu wood
the wood of the sabicu which resembles mahogany
bamboo
the hard woody stems of bamboo plants; used in construction and crafts and fishing poles
tulipwood
the variegated or showily striped ornamental wood of various tulipwood trees
balsa, balsa wood
strong lightweight wood of the balsa tree used especially for floats
silver quandong
pale easily worked timber from the quandong tree
obeche
the wood of an African obeche tree; used especially for veneering
basswood, linden
soft light-colored wood of any of various linden trees; used in making crates and boxes and in carving and millwork
beefwood
any of several heavy hard reddish chiefly tropical woods of the families Casuarinaceae and Proteaceae; some used for cabinetwork
briarwood, brier-wood, brierwood
wood from the hard woody root of the briar Erica arborea; used to make tobacco pipes
beech, beechwood
wood of any of various beech trees; used for flooring and containers and plywood and tool handles
chestnut
wood of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea
oak
the hard durable wood of any oak; used especially for furniture and flooring
birch
hard close-grained wood of any of various birch trees; used especially in furniture and interior finishes and plywood
alder
wood of any of various alder trees; resistant to underwater rot; used for bridges etc
hazel
the fine-grained wood of a hazelnut tree (genus Corylus) and the hazel tree (Australian genus Pomaderris)
olive
hard yellow often variegated wood of an olive tree; used in cabinetwork
ash
strong elastic wood of any of various ash trees; used for furniture and tool handles and sporting goods such as baseball bats
ironwood
exceptionally tough or hard wood of any of a number of ironwood trees
walnut
hard dark-brown wood of any of various walnut trees; used especially for furniture and paneling
hickory
valuable tough heavy hardwood from various hickory trees
pecan
wood of a pecan tree
pyinma
relatively hard durable timber from the Queen's crape myrtle; light reddish brown, smooth and lustrous
gum, gumwood
wood or lumber from any of various gum trees especially the sweet gum
eucalyptus
wood of any of various eucalyptus trees valued as timber
tupelo
pale soft wood of a tupelo tree especially the water gum
poon
wood of any poon tree; used for masts and spars
red lauan
hard heavy red wood of the red lauan tree; often sold as Philippine mahogany
elm, elmwood
hard tough wood of an elm tree; used for e.g. implements and furniture
brazilwood
heavy wood of various brazilwood trees; used for violin bows and as dyewoods
locust
hardwood from any of various locust trees
logwood
very hard brown to brownish-red heartwood of a logwood tree; used in preparing a purplish red dye
rosewood
hard dark reddish wood of a rosewood tree having a strongly marked grain; used in cabinetwork
kingwood
handsome violet-streaked wood of the kingwood tree; used especially in cabinetwork
granadilla wood
dark red hardwood derived from the cocobolo and used in making musical instruments e.g. clarinets
blackwood
very dark wood of any of several blackwood trees
Panama redwood, quira
hard heavy red wood of a quira tree
red sandalwood, ruby wood
hard durable wood of red sandalwood trees (Pterocarpus santalinus); prized for cabinetwork
black locust
strong stiff wood of a black-locust tree; very resistant to decay
cherry
wood of any of various cherry trees especially the black cherry
fruitwood
wood of various fruit trees (as apple or cherry or pear) used especially in cabinetwork
lemonwood
hard tough elastic wood of the lemonwood tree; used for making bows and fishing rods
incense wood
fragrant wood of two incense trees of the genus Protium
mahogany
wood of any of various mahogany trees; much used for cabinetwork and furniture
satinwood
hard yellowish wood of a satinwood tree having a satiny luster; used for fine cabinetwork and tools
orangewood
fine-grained wood of an orange tree; used in fine woodwork
citronwood
wood of a citron tree
guaiac wood, guaiacum wood
heartwood of a palo santo; yields an aromatic oil used in perfumes
guaiac, guaiacum, lignum vitae
hard greenish-brown wood of the lignum vitae tree and other trees of the genus Guaiacum
poplar
soft light-colored non-durable wood of the poplar
sandalwood
close-grained fragrant yellowish heartwood of the true sandalwood; has insect repelling properties and is used for carving and cabinetwork
Turkish boxwood, boxwood
very hard tough close-grained light yellow wood of the box (particularly the common box); used in delicate woodwork: musical instruments and inlays and engraving blocks
maple
wood of any of various maple trees; especially the hard close-grained wood of the sugar maple; used especially for furniture and flooring
sumac
wood of a sumac
ebony
hard dark-colored heartwood of the ebony tree; used in cabinetwork and for piano keys
lacewood, sycamore
variably colored and sometimes variegated hard tough elastic wood of a sycamore tree
teak, teakwood
hard strong durable yellowish-brown wood of teak trees; resistant to insects and to warping; used for furniture and in shipbuilding
dogwood
hard tough wood of any dogwood of the genus Cornus; resembles boxwood
sapwood
newly formed outer wood lying between the cambium and the heartwood of a tree or woody plant; usually light colored; active in water conduction
duramen, heartwood
the older inactive central wood of a tree or woody plant; usually darker and denser than the surrounding sapwood
burl
the wood cut from a tree burl or outgrowth; often used decoratively in veneer
ethanol, ethyl alcohol, fermentation alcohol, grain alcohol
the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors; used pure or denatured as a solvent or in medicines and colognes and cleaning solutions and rocket fuel; proposed as a renewable clean-burning additive to gasoline
growth regulator, phytohormone, plant hormone
(botany) a plant product that acts like a hormone
brushwood
the wood from bushes or small branches
cabinet wood
moderately dense wood used for cabinetwork
bran
broken husks of the seeds of cereal grains that are separated from the flour by sifting
driftwood
wood that is floating or that has been washed ashore
furfural, furfuraldehyde
a liquid aldehyde with a penetrating odor; made from plant hulls and corncobs; used in making furan and as a solvent
natural resin
a plant exudate
log
a segment of the trunk of a tree when stripped of branches
matchwood
wood suitable for making matchsticks
matchwood, splinters
wood in small pieces or splinters
plant fiber, plant fibre
fiber derived from plants
sawdust
fine particles of wood made by sawing wood
saccharose, sucrose
a complex carbohydrate found in many plants and used as a sweetening agent
wicker
slender flexible branches or twigs (especially of willow or some canes); used for wickerwork
dyewood
any wood from which dye is obtained
hardwood
the wood of broad-leaved dicotyledonous trees (as distinguished from the wood of conifers)
deal, softwood
wood that is easy to saw (from conifers such as pine or fir)
raw wood
wood that is not finished or painted
knot
a hard cross-grained round piece of wood in a board where a branch emerged
Type of:
material, stuff
the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object
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