physical property

DEFINITIONS OF: physical property

1

n any property used to characterize matter and energy and their interactions

Types:
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absorption factor, absorptivity
(physics) the property of a body that determines the fraction of the incident radiation or sound flux absorbed or absorbable by the body
dissolubility, solubleness
the property of being dissoluble
drippiness
the physical property of being soft and drippy
reflection, reflectivity, reflexion
the ability to reflect beams or rays
bending, deflection, deflexion
the property of being bent or deflected
temperature
the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity)
H, enthalpy, heat content, total heat
(thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity equal to the internal energy of a system plus the product of its volume and pressure
S, entropy, randomness
(thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work
perceptibility
the property of being perceptible by the mind or the senses
invisibility, invisibleness
the quality of not being perceivable by the eye
brightness, brightness level, light, luminance, luminosity, luminousness
the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light
inaudibility, inaudibleness
the quality of not being perceptible by the ear
imperceptibility
the property of being imperceptible by the mind or the senses
reluctivity
(physics) the resistance of a material to the establishment of a magnetic field in it
sensitiveness, sensitivity
the ability to respond to physical stimuli or to register small physical amounts or differences
magnetisation, magnetization
the physical property of being magnetic
elasticity, snap
the tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressed
malleability, plasticity
the property of being physically malleable; the property of something that can be worked or hammered or shaped without breaking
inelasticity
the lack of elasticity
unmalleability
a lack of malleability
mass
the property of a body that causes it to have weight in a gravitational field
weight
the vertical force exerted by a mass as a result of gravity
momentum
the product of a body's mass and its velocity
fugacity
the tendency of a gas to expand or escape
length
the linear extent in space from one end to the other; the longest dimension of something that is fixed in place
inconspicuousness
the quality of being not easily seen
echo, replication, reverberation, sound reflection
the repetition of a sound resulting from reflection of the sound waves
echo
a reflected television or radio or radar beam
wind deflection, windage
the deflection of a projectile resulting from the effects of wind
refractiveness, refractivity
the physical property of a medium as determined by its index of refraction
conformational entropy
entropy calculated from the probability that a state could be reached by chance alone
absolute temperature
temperature measured on the absolute scale
absolute zero
(cryogenics) the lowest temperature theoretically attainable (at which the kinetic energy of atoms and molecules is minimal); 0 Kelvin or -273.15 centigrade or -459.67 Fahrenheit
Curie point, Curie temperature
the temperature above which a ferromagnetic substance loses its ferromagnetism and becomes paramagnetic
dew point
the temperature at which the water vapor in the air becomes saturated and condensation begins
flash point, flashpoint
the lowest temperature at which the vapor of a combustible liquid can be ignited in air
freezing point, melting point
the temperature below which a liquid turns into a solid
boil, boiling point
the temperature at which a liquid boils at sea level
mercury
temperature measured by a mercury thermometer
room temperature
the normal temperature of room in which people live
simmer
temperature just below the boiling point
blood heat, body temperature
temperature of the body; normally 98.6 F or 37 C in humans; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health
cold, coldness, frigidity, frigidness, low temperature
the absence of heat
heat, high temperature, hotness
the presence of heat
visibility, visibleness
quality or fact or degree of being visible; perceptible by the eye or obvious to the eye
illuminance, illumination
the luminous flux incident on a unit area
incandescence
light from heat
glow, luminescence
light from nonthermal sources
audibility, audibleness
quality or fact or degree of being audible or perceptible by the ear
frequency response
(electronics) a curve representing the output-to-input ratio of a transducer as a function of frequency
resilience, resiliency
the physical property of a material that can return to its original shape or position after deformation that does not exceed its elastic limit
bounce, bounciness
the quality of a substance that is able to rebound
give, spring, springiness
the elasticity of something that can be stretched and returns to its original length
stretch, stretchability, stretchiness
the capacity for being stretched
temper, toughness
the elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking
elasticity of shear
the elasticity of a body that has been pulled out of shape by a shearing force
ductileness, ductility
the malleability of something that can be drawn into threads or wires or hammered into thin sheets
flexibility, flexibleness
the property of being flexible; easily bent or shaped
deadness
the physical property of something that has lost its elasticity
stiffness
the physical property of being inflexible and hard to bend
rigidity, rigidness
the physical property of being stiff and resisting bending
body
the main mass of a thing
biomass
the total mass of living matter in a given unit area
critical mass
the minimum mass of fissionable material that can sustain a chain reaction
rest mass
(physics) the mass of a body as measured when the body is at rest relative to an observer, an inherent property of the body
relativistic mass
(physics) the mass of a body in motion relative to the observer: it is equal to the rest mass multiplied by a factor that is greater than 1 and that increases as the magnitude of the velocity increases
bulk
the property possessed by a large mass
gravitational mass
(physics) the mass of a body as measured by its gravitational attraction for other bodies
inertial mass
(physics) the mass of a body as determined by the second law of motion from the acceleration of the body when it is subjected to a force that is not due to gravity
atomic mass, atomic weight, relative atomic mass
(chemistry) the mass of an atom of a chemical element expressed in atomic mass units
mass energy
(physics) the mass of a body regarded relativistically as energy
molecular weight, relative molecular mass
(chemistry) the sum of the relative atomic masses of the constituent atoms of a molecule
body weight
the weight of a person's body
dead weight
a heavy motionless weight
heaviness, weightiness
the property of being comparatively great in weight
poundage
weight expressed in pounds
tare
the weight of a motor vehicle, railroad car, or aircraft without its fuel or cargo
throw-weight
the weight of the payload of a missile (not including the weight of the rocket)
lightness, weightlessness
the property of being comparatively small in weight
angular momentum
the product of the momentum of a rotating body and its distance from the axis of rotation
circumference
the length of the closed curve of a circle
diam, diameter
the length of a straight line passing through the center of a circle and connecting two points on the circumference
r, radius
the length of a line segment between the center and circumference of a circle or sphere
longness
the property of being of long spatial extent
shortness
the property of being of short spatial extent
mass defect, mass deficiency
the amount by which the mass of an atomic nucleus is less than the sum of the masses of its constituent particles
Type of:
property
a basic or essential attribute shared by all members of a class
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