organism

An organism is a living thing that can function on its own. That includes your pet guppy, the tree in your backyard, and — of course — you.

While the word organism typically indicates an actual living thing, you can also use organism to refer to anything that acts or functions like a living thing. For example, the social scene at a high school might be described as "a social organism" because it seems to have a mind of its own — like a living thing or even a vicious animal, depending on where one falls on the popularity scale.

DEFINITIONS OF: organism

1

n a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently

Synonyms:
being
Types:
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benthos
organisms (plants and animals) that live at or near the bottom of a sea
dwarf
a plant or animal that is atypically small
heterotroph
an organism that depends on complex organic substances for nutrition
parent
an organism (plant or animal) from which younger ones are obtained
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul
a human being
animal, animate being, beast, brute, creature, fauna
a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
flora, plant, plant life
(botany) a living organism lacking the power of locomotion
native
indigenous plants and animals
recombinant
a cell or organism in which genetic recombination has occurred
conspecific
an organism belonging to the same species as another organism
carrier
(genetics) an organism that possesses a recessive gene whose effect is masked by a dominant allele; the associated trait is not apparent but can be passed on to offspring
denizen
a plant or animal naturalized in a region
amphidiploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having a diploid set of chromosomes from each parent
diploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having the normal amount of DNA per cell; i.e., two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number
haploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
heteroploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having a chromosome number that is not an even multiple of the haploid chromosome number for that species
polyploid
(genetics) an organism or cell having more than twice the haploid number of chromosomes
animalcule, animalculum
microscopic organism such as an amoeba or paramecium
micro-organism, microorganism
any organism of microscopic size
aerobe
an organism (especially a bacterium) that requires air or free oxygen for life
anaerobe
an organism (especially a bacterium) that does not require air or free oxygen to live
cross, crossbreed, hybrid
(genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species
polymorph
an organism that can assume more than one adult form as in the castes of ants or termites
congenator, congener, congeneric, relative
an animal or plant that bears a relationship to another (as related by common descent or by membership in the same genus)
plankton
the aggregate of small plant and animal organisms that float or drift in great numbers in fresh or salt water
nekton
the aggregate of actively swimming animals in a body of water ranging from microscopic organisms to whales
parasite
an animal or plant that lives in or on a host (another animal or plant); it obtains nourishment from the host without benefiting or killing the host
host
an animal or plant that nourishes and supports a parasite; it does not benefit and is often harmed by the association
commensal
either of two different animal or plant species living in close association but not interdependent
myrmecophile
an organism such as an insect that habitually shares the nest of a species of ant
eucaryote, eukaryote
an organism with cells characteristic of all life forms except primitive microorganisms such as bacteria; i.e. an organism with `good' or membrane-bound nuclei in its cells
procaryote, prokaryote
a unicellular organism having cells lacking membrane-bound nuclei; bacteria are the prime example but also included are blue-green algae and actinomycetes and mycoplasma
zooid
one of the distinct individuals forming a colonial animal such as a bryozoan or hydrozoan
clon, clone
a group of genetically identical cells or organisms derived from a single cell or individual by some kind of asexual reproduction
atavist, throwback
an organism that has the characteristics of a more primitive type of that organism
individual
a single organism
mascot
a person or animal that is adopted by a team or other group as a symbolic figure
mutant, mutation, sport, variation
(biology) an organism that has characteristics resulting from chromosomal alteration
postdiluvian
anything living after Noah's flood
sitter
an organism (person or animal) that sits
stander
an organism (person or animal) that stands
utterer, vocaliser, vocalizer
an organism that can utter vocal sounds
fungus
an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia
nonvascular organism
organisms without vascular tissue: e.g. algae, lichens, fungi, mosses
relict
an organism or species surviving as a remnant of an otherwise extinct flora or fauna in an environment much changed from that in which it originated
saprophyte, saprophytic organism
an organism that feeds on dead organic matter especially a fungus or bacterium
saprobe
an organism that lives in and derives its nourishment from organic matter in stagnant or foul water
katharobe
an organism that lives in an oxygenated medium lacking organic matter
pest
any unwanted and destructive insect or other animal that attacks food or crops or livestock etc.
critter
a regional term for `creature' (especially for domestic animals)
creepy-crawly
an animal that creeps or crawls (such as worms or spiders or insects)
darter
a person or other animal that moves abruptly and rapidly
peeper
an animal that makes short high-pitched sounds
homeotherm, homoiotherm, homotherm
an animal that has a body temperature that is relatively constant and independent of the environmental temperature
ectotherm, poikilotherm
an animal whose body temperature varies with the temperature of its surroundings; any animal except birds and mammals
range animal
any animal that lives and grazes in the grassy open land of western North America (especially horses, cattle, sheep)
varment, varmint
any usually predatory wild animal considered undesirable; e.g., coyote
scavenger
any animal that feeds on refuse and other decaying organic matter
work animal
an animal trained for and used for heavy labor
domestic animal, domesticated animal
any of various animals that have been tamed and made fit for a human environment
feeder
an animal that feeds on a particular source of food
migrator
an animal (especially birds and fish) that travels between different habitats at particular times of the year
molter, moulter
an animal (especially birds and arthropods and reptiles) that periodically shed their outer layer (feathers or cuticle or skin or hair)
pet
a domesticated animal kept for companionship or amusement
stayer
a person or other animal having powers of endurance or perseverance
stunt
a creature (especially a whale) that has been prevented from attaining full growth
marine animal, marine creature, sea animal, sea creature
any of numerous animals inhabiting the sea including e.g. fishes and molluscs and many mammals
female
an animal that produces gametes (ova) that can be fertilized by male gametes (spermatozoa)
male
an animal that produces gametes (spermatozoa) that can fertilize female gametes (ova)
adult
any mature animal
offspring, young
any immature animal
pureblood, purebred, thoroughbred
a pedigreed animal of unmixed lineage; used especially of horses
giant
any creature of exceptional size
survivor
an animal that survives in spite of adversity
mutant
an animal that has undergone mutation
herbivore
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
insectivore
any organism that feeds mainly on insects
acrodont
an animal having teeth consolidated with the summit of the alveolar ridge without sockets
pleurodont
an animal having teeth fused with the inner surface of the alveolar ridge without sockets
monad
(biology) a single-celled microorganism (especially a flagellate protozoan)
obligate anaerobe
an organism that cannot grow in the presence of oxygen
dihybrid
a hybrid produced by parents that differ only at two gene loci that have two alleles each
monohybrid
a hybrid produced by crossing parents that are homozygous except for a single gene locus that has two alleles (as in Mendel's experiments with garden peas)
intestinal flora
harmless microorganisms (as Escherichia coli) that inhabit the intestinal tract and are essential for its normal functioning
virus
(virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein
moneran, moneron
organisms that typically reproduce by asexual budding or fission and whose nutritional mode is absorption or photosynthesis or chemosynthesis
bacteria, bacterium
(microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered to be plants
phytoplankton
photosynthetic or plant constituent of plankton; mainly unicellular algae
zooplankton
animal constituent of plankton; mainly small crustaceans and fish larvae
bug, germ, microbe
a minute life form (especially a disease-causing bacterium); the term is not in technical use
endoparasite, endozoan, entoparasite, entozoan, entozoon
any of various parasites that live in the internal organs of animals (especially intestinal worms)
ectoparasite, ectozoan, ectozoon, epizoan, epizoon
any external parasitic organism (as fleas)
intermediate host
a host that is used by a parasite in the course of its life cycle
definitive host
the host in which the sexual reproduction of a parasite takes place
pathogen
any disease-producing agent (especially a virus or bacterium or other microorganism)
protoctist
any of the unicellular protists
protist, protistan
free-living or colonial organisms with diverse nutritional and reproductive modes
conceptus, embryo, fertilized egg
an animal organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation that in higher forms merge into fetal stages but in lower forms terminate in commencement of larval life
chordate
any animal of the phylum Chordata having a notochord or spinal column
invertebrate
any animal lacking a backbone or notochord; the term is not used as a scientific classification
metazoan
any animal of the subkingdom Metazoa; all animals except protozoans and sponges
omnivore
an animal that feeds on both animal and vegetable substances
predator, predatory animal
any animal that lives by preying on other animals
prey, quarry
animal hunted or caught for food
game
animal hunted for food or sport
hexapod
an animal having six feet
biped
an animal with two feet
larva
the immature free-living form of most invertebrates and amphibians and fish which at hatching from the egg is fundamentally unlike its parent and must metamorphose
racer
an animal that races
fictional animal
animals that exist only in fiction (usually in children's stories)
self
a person considered as a unique individual
adult, grownup
a fully developed person from maturity onward
adventurer, venturer
a person who enjoys taking risks
anomaly, unusual person
a person who is unusual
applicant, applier
a person who requests or seeks something such as assistance or employment or admission
appointee, appointment
a person who is appointed to a job or position
capitalist
a person who invests capital in a business (especially a large business)
captor, capturer
a person who captures and holds people or animals
changer, modifier
a person who changes something
color-blind person
a person unable to distinguish differences in hue
common man, common person, commoner
a person who holds no title
communicator
a person who communicates with others
contestant
a person who participates in competitions
coward
a person who shows fear or timidity
creator
a person who grows or makes or invents things
controversialist, disputant, eristic
a person who disputes; who is good at or enjoys controversy
applied scientist, engineer, technologist
a person who uses scientific knowledge to solve practical problems
entertainer
a person who tries to please or amuse
experimenter
a person who enjoys testing innovative ideas
expert
a person with special knowledge or ability who performs skillfully
face
a part of a person that is used to refer to a person
female, female person
a person who belongs to the sex that can have babies
individualist
a person who pursues independent thought or action
denizen, dweller, habitant, indweller, inhabitant
a person who inhabits a particular place
aboriginal, aborigine, indigen, indigene, native
an indigenous person who was born in a particular place
native
a person born in a particular place or country
inexperienced person, innocent
a person who lacks knowledge of evil
intellect, intellectual
a person who uses the mind creatively
juvenile, juvenile person
a young person, not fully developed
lover
a person who loves someone or is loved by someone
loved one
a person who you love, usually a member of your family
leader
a person who rules or guides or inspires others
male, male person
a person who belongs to the sex that cannot have babies
money dealer, money handler
a person who receives or invests or pays out money
national, subject
a person who owes allegiance to that nation
nonreligious person
a person who does not manifest devotion to a deity
nonworker
a person who does nothing
compeer, equal, match, peer
a person who is of equal standing with another in a group
beholder, observer, perceiver, percipient
a person who becomes aware (of things or events) through the senses
percher
a person situated on a perch
forerunner, precursor
a person who goes before or announces the coming of another
primitive, primitive person
a person who belongs to an early stage of civilization
religious person
a person who manifests devotion to a deity
sensualist
a person who enjoys sensuality
traveler, traveller
a person who changes location
unfortunate, unfortunate person
a person who suffers misfortune
persona non grata, unwelcome person
a person who for some reason is not wanted or welcome
unskilled person
a person who lacks technical training
worker
a person who works at a specific occupation
African
a native or inhabitant of Africa
person of color, person of colour
(formal) any non-European non-white person
Black, Black person, Negro, Negroid, blackamoor
a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa)
Caucasian, White, White person
a member of the Caucasoid race
Amerindian, Native American
any member of the peoples living in North or South America before the Europeans arrived
Slav
any member of the people of eastern Europe or Asian Russia who speak a Slavonic language
gentile
a person who is not a member of one's own religion; used in this sense by Mormons and Hindus
Hebrew, Israelite, Jew
a person belonging to the worldwide group claiming descent from Jacob (or converted to it) and connected by cultural or religious ties
Aries, Ram
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Aries
Bull, Taurus
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Taurus
Gemini, Twin
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Gemini
Cancer, Crab
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer
Leo, Lion
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Leo
Virgin, Virgo
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Virgo
Balance, Libra
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Libra
Scorpio, Scorpion
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Scorpio
Archer, Sagittarius
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Sagittarius
Capricorn, Goat
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Capricorn
Aquarius, Water Bearer
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Aquarius
Fish, Pisces
(astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Pisces
abator
a person who abates a nuisance
abjurer
a person who abjures
abomination
a person who is loathsome or disgusting
abstainer, abstinent, nondrinker
a person who refrains from drinking intoxicating beverages
achiever, succeeder, success, winner
a person with a record of successes
acquaintance, friend
a person with whom you are acquainted
acquirer
a person who acquires something (usually permanently)
active
a person who is a participating member of an organization
actor, doer, worker
a person who acts and gets things done
adjudicator
a person who studies and settles conflicts and disputes
admirer
a person who admires; someone who esteems or respects or approves
adoptee
someone (such as a child) who has been adopted
adversary, antagonist, opponent, opposer, resister
someone who offers opposition
advisee
someone who receives advice
advocate, advocator, exponent, proponent
a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea
affiant
a person who makes an affidavit
agnostic, doubter
someone who is doubtful or noncommittal about something
amateur
someone who pursues a study or sport as a pastime
ancient
a person who lived in ancient times
anti
a person who is opposed (to an action or policy or practice etc.)
anti-American
a person who is opposed to the United States and its policies
apprehender
a person who seizes or arrests (especially a person who seizes or arrests in the name of justice)
appreciator
a person who is fully aware of something and understands it
archaist
a person who archaizes
arrogator
a person who through conceit makes pretentious claims to rights or advantages that he or she is not entitled to or to qualities that he or she does not possess
assessee
a person (or property) that is assessed
asthmatic
a person suffering from asthma
authority
(usually plural) persons who exercise (administrative) control over others
autodidact
a person who has taught himself
baby boomer, boomer
a member of the baby boom generation in the 1950s
baby buster, buster
a person born in the generation following the baby boom when the birth rate fell dramatically
bad guy
any person who is not on your side
bad person
a person who does harm to others
baldhead, baldpate, baldy
a person whose head is bald
balker, baulker, noncompliant
a person who refuses to comply
bullfighter, toreador
someone who fights bulls
bather
a person who takes a bath
beard
a person who diverts suspicion from someone (especially a woman who accompanies a male homosexual in order to conceal his homosexuality)
bedfellow
a person with whom you share a bed
bereaved, bereaved person
a person who has suffered the death of someone they loved
best, topper
the person who is most outstanding or excellent; someone who tops all others
birth
a baby born; an offspring
biter
someone who bites
blogger
a person who keeps and updates a blog
blond, blonde
a person with fair skin and hair
bluecoat
a person dressed all in blue (as a soldier or sailor)
bodybuilder, muscle builder, muscle-builder, musclebuilder, muscleman
someone who does special exercises to develop a brawny musculature
bomber
a person who plants bombs
brunet, brunette
a person with dark (brown) hair
buster
a person (or thing) that breaks up or overpowers something
candidate, prospect
someone who is considered for something (for an office or prize or honor etc.)
captive
an animal that is confined
case
a person requiring professional services
cashier
a person responsible for receiving payments for goods and services (as in a shop or restaurant)
celebrant, celebrater, celebrator
a person who is celebrating
censor
someone who censures or condemns
chameleon
a changeable or inconstant person
beguiler, charmer
a person who charms others (usually by personal attractiveness)
baby, child
an immature childish person
chutzpanik
(Yiddish) a person characterized by chutzpa
closer
a person who closes something
clumsy person
a person with poor motor coordination
aggregator, collector
a person who collects things
battler, belligerent, combatant, fighter, scrapper
someone who fights (or is fighting)
complexifier
someone makes things complex
compulsive
a person with a compulsive disposition; someone who feels compelled to do certain things
computer user
a person who uses computers for work or entertainment or communication or business
contemplative
a person devoted to the contemplative life
convert
a person who has been converted to another religious or political belief
ape, aper, copycat, emulator, imitator
someone who copies the words or behavior of another
counter
a person who counts things
counterterrorist
someone who attempts to prevent terrorism
crawler, creeper
a person who crawls or creeps along the ground
creature, wight
a human being; `wight' is an archaic term
creditor
a person to whom money is owed by a debtor; someone to whom an obligation exists
cripple
someone who is unable to walk normally because of an injury or disability to the legs or back
dancer, social dancer
a person who participates in a social gathering arranged for dancing (as a ball)
dead person, dead soul, deceased, deceased person, decedent, departed
someone who is no longer alive
deaf person
a person with a severe auditory impairment
debaser, degrader
a person who lowers the quality or character or value (as by adding cheaper metal to coins)
debitor, debtor
a person who owes a creditor; someone who has the obligation of paying a debt
defecator, shitter, voider
a person who defecates
delayer
a person who delays; to put off until later or cause to be late
deliverer
a person who gives up or transfers money or goods
demander
a person who makes demands
dieter
a person who diets
differentiator, discriminator
a person who (or that which) differentiates
disentangler, unraveler, unraveller
a person who removes tangles; someone who takes something out of a tangled state
contestant, dissenter, dissident, objector, protester
a person who dissents from some established policy
divider
a person who separates something into parts or groups
domestic partner, significant other, spousal equivalent, spouse equivalent
a person (not necessarily a spouse) with whom you cohabit and share a long-term sexual relationship
double, image, look-alike
someone who closely resembles a famous person (especially an actor)
dresser
a person who dresses in a particular way
dribbler, driveller, drooler, slobberer
a person who dribbles
drug user, substance abuser, user
a person who takes drugs
dyslectic
a person who has dyslexia
ectomorph
a person with a thin body
effecter, effector
one who brings about a result or event; one who accomplishes a purpose
Elizabethan
a person who lived during the reign of Elizabeth I
emotional person
a person subject to strong states of emotion
endomorph
a heavy person with a soft and rounded body
enjoyer
a person who delights in having or using or experiencing something
enrollee
a person who enrolls in (or is enrolled in) a class or course of study
ethnic
a person who is a member of an ethnic group
adventurer, explorer
someone who travels into little known regions (especially for some scientific purpose)
extravert, extrovert
(psychology) a person concerned more with practical realities than with inner thoughts and feelings
faddist
a person who subscribes to a variety of fads
faller
a person who falls
fastener
a person who fastens or makes fast
fiduciary
a person who holds assets in trust for a beneficiary
first-rater
one who is first-rate
follower
a person who accepts the leadership of another
freak, lusus naturae, monster, monstrosity
a person or animal that is markedly unusual or deformed
free agent, free spirit, freewheeler
someone acting freely or even irresponsibly
friend
a person you know well and regard with affection and trust
fleer, fugitive, runaway
someone who flees from an uncongenial situation
gainer
a person who gains (gains an advantage or gains profits)
gainer, weight gainer
a person who gains weight
gambler
a person who wagers money on the outcome of games or sporting events
gatekeeper
someone who controls access to something
gatherer
a person who gathers
good guy
any person who is on your side
good person
a person who is good to other people
granter
a person who grants or gives something
greeter, saluter, welcomer
a person who greets
grinner
a person who grins
groaner
a person who groans
grunter
a person who grunts
guesser
a person who guesses
handicapped person
a person who has some condition that markedly restricts their ability to function physically or mentally or socially
hater
a person who hates
head
an individual person
heterosexual, heterosexual person, straight, straight person
a heterosexual person; someone having a sexual orientation to persons of the opposite sex
gay, homo, homophile, homosexual
someone who practices homosexuality; having a sexual attraction to persons of the same sex
homunculus
a tiny fully formed individual that (according to the discredited theory of preformation) is supposed to be present in the sperm cell
hope
someone (or something) on which expectations are centered
hoper
a person who hopes
huddler
a person who crouches
hugger
a person who hugs
immune
a person who is immune to a particular infection
insured, insured person
a person whose interests are protected by an insurance policy; a person who contracts for an insurance policy that indemnifies him against loss of property or life or health etc.
interpreter
someone who uses art to represent something
introvert
(psychology) a person who tends to shrink from social contacts and to become preoccupied with their own thoughts
Jat
a member of an Indo-European people widely scattered throughout the northwest of the Indian subcontinent and consisting of Muslims and Hindus and Sikhs
gem, jewel
a person who is as brilliant and precious as a piece of jewelry
jumper
a person who jumps
junior
the younger of two persons
killer, slayer
someone who causes the death of a person or animal
relation, relative
a person related by blood or marriage
kink
a person with unusual sexual tastes
kneeler
a person in a kneeling position
knocker
a person who knocks (as seeking to gain admittance)
apprehender, knower
a person who knows or apprehends
large person
a person of greater than average size
Latin
a person who is a member of those peoples whose languages derived from Latin
laugher
a person who is laughing or who laughs easily
assimilator, learner, scholar
someone (especially a child) who learns (as from a teacher) or takes up knowledge or beliefs
left-hander, lefty, southpaw
a person who uses the left hand with greater skill than the right
life
a living person
lightning rod
someone who is a frequent target of negative reactions and serves to distract attention from another
linguist, polyglot
a person who speaks more than one language
literate, literate person
a person who can read and write
liver
a person who has a special life style
longer, thirster, yearner
a person with a strong desire for something
loose cannon
a person who is expected to perform a particular task but who is out of control and dangerous
machine
an efficient person
mailer
a person who mails something
malcontent
a person who is discontented or disgusted
man
the generic use of the word to refer to any human being
manipulator
a person who handles things manually
man jack
a single individual
married
a person who is married
masturbator, onanist
a person who practices masturbation
mate
the partner of an animal (especially a sexual partner)
measurer
a person who makes measurements
nonmember
a person who is not a member
mesomorph
a person with a well-developed muscular body
ladino, mestizo
a person of mixed racial ancestry (especially mixed European and Native American ancestry)
middlebrow
someone who is neither a highbrow nor a lowbrow
miracle man, miracle worker
a person who claims or is alleged to perform miracles
misogamist
a person who hates marriage
mixed-blood
a person whose ancestors belonged to two or more races
modern
a contemporary person
monolingual
a person who knows only one language
mother hen
a person who cares for the needs of others (especially in an overprotective or interfering way)
mouse
person who is quiet or timid
maimer, mangler, mutilator
a person who mutilates or destroys or disfigures or cripples
namer
a person who gives a name or names
namesake
a person with the same name as another
neglecter
a person who is neglectful and gives little attention or respect to people or responsibilities
neighbor, neighbour
a person who lives (or is located) near another
neutral
one who does not side with any party in a war or dispute
nondescript
a person is not easily classified and not very interesting
nonparticipant
a person who does not participate
nonpartisan, nonpartizan
a person who is nonpartisan
nonperson, unperson
a person regarded as nonexistent and having no rights; a person whose existence is systematically ignored (especially for ideological or political reasons)
nonresident
someone who does not live in a particular place
nonsmoker
a person who does not smoke tobacco
nude, nude person
a naked person
nurser
a person who treats something carefully
occultist
a believer in occultism; someone versed in the occult arts
optimist
a person disposed to take a favorable view of things
orphan
someone or something who lacks support or care or supervision
ostrich
a person who refuses to face reality or recognize the truth (a reference to the popular notion that the ostrich hides from danger by burying its head in the sand)
ejector, ouster
a person who ousts or supplants someone else
outcaste
a person belonging to no caste
outdoorsman
a person who spends time outdoors (e.g., hunting or fishing)
owner, possessor
a person who owns something
coddler, mollycoddler, pamperer, spoiler
someone who pampers or spoils by excessive indulgence
pansexual
a person who participates in (or is open to) sexual activities of many kinds
excuser, forgiver, pardoner
a person who pardons or forgives or excuses a fault or offense
partner
a person who is a member of a partnership
party
a person involved in legal proceedings
passer
a person who passes as a member of a different ethnic or racial group
personage
another word for person; a person not meriting identification
personification
a person who represents an abstract quality
perspirer, sweater
a person who perspires
philosopher
a wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a life of reason with equanimity
chooser, picker, selector
a person who chooses or selects out
pisser, urinator
a person who urinates
contriver, deviser, planner
a person who makes plans
player
a person who pursues a number of different social and sexual partners simultaneously
posturer
someone who behaves in a manner calculated to impress or mislead others
powderer
someone who applies or scatters powder
preserver
someone who keeps safe from harm or danger
propositus
the person immediately affected by or concerned with an action
public relations person
a person employed to establish and promote a favorable relationship with the public
pursuer
a person who pursues some plan or goal
pussycat
a person who is regarded as easygoing and agreeable
quarter
an unspecified person
quitter
a person who gives up too easily
radical
a person who has radical ideas or opinions
realist
a person who accepts the world as it literally is and deals with it accordingly
rectifier
a person who corrects or sets right
carrottop, red-header, redhead, redheader
someone who has red hair
registrant
a person who is formally entered (along with others) in a register (and who obtains certain rights thereby)
allayer, comforter, reliever
a person who reduces the intensity (e.g., of fears) and calms and pacifies
repeater
a person who repeats
recoverer, rescuer, saver
someone who saves something from danger or violence
rester
a person who rests
controller, restrainer
a person who directs and restrains
revenant
a person who returns after a lengthy absence
have, rich person, wealthy person
a person who possesses great material wealth
right hander, right-hander, righthander
a person who uses the right hand more skillfully than the left
riser
a person who rises (especially from bed)
romper
a person who romps or frolics
roundhead
a brachycephalic person
ruler, swayer
a person who rules or commands
rusher
a person who rushes; someone in a hurry; someone who acts precipitously
scientist
a person with advanced knowledge of one or more sciences
scratcher
a person who scratches to relieve an itch
mediocrity, second-rater
a person of second-rate ability or value
cloud seeder, seeder
a person who seeds clouds
quester, searcher, seeker
someone making a search or inquiry
segregate
someone who is or has been segregated
romanticist, sentimentalist
someone who indulges in excessive sentimentality
sex object
any person regarded simply as an object of sexual gratification
sex symbol
a person (especially a celebrity) who is well-known for their sexual attractiveness
mover and shaker, shaker
a person who wields power and influence
showman
a person skilled at making effective presentations
signatory, signer
someone who signs and is bound by a document
simple, simpleton
a person lacking intelligence or common sense
six-footer
a person who is at least six feet tall
skidder, slider, slipper
a person who slips or slides because of loss of traction
slave
a person who is owned by someone
slave
someone entirely dominated by some influence or person
sleepyhead
a sleepy person
sloucher
a person who slouches; someone with a drooping carriage
small person
a person of below average size
smasher
a person who smashes something
smiler
a person who smiles
sneezer
a person who sneezes
sniffer
a person who sniffs
sniffler, sniveler
a person who breathes audibly through a congested nose
snuffer
a person who snuffs out candles
snuffler
a person who breathes noisily (as through a nose blocked by mucus)
socialiser, socializer
a person who takes part in social activities
sort
a person of a particular character or nature
sounding board
a person whose reactions to something serve as an indication of its acceptability
sphinx
an inscrutable person who keeps his thoughts and intentions secret
expectorator, spitter
a person who spits (ejects saliva or phlegm from the mouth)
sport
a person known for the way she (or he) behaves when teased or defeated or subjected to trying circumstances
sprawler
a person who sprawls
spurner
a person who rejects (someone or something) with contempt
squint-eye, squinter
a person with strabismus
standee
someone who stands in a place where one might otherwise sit (as a spectator who uses standing room in a theater or a passenger on a crowded bus or train)
smotherer, stifler
a person who stifles or smothers or suppresses
stigmatic, stigmatist
a person whose body is marked by religious stigmata (such as marks resembling the wounds of the crucified Christ)
stooper
a person who carries himself or herself with the head and shoulders habitually bent forward
stranger
an individual that one is not acquainted with
struggler
a person who struggles with difficulties or with great effort
case, guinea pig, subject
a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation
supernumerary
a person serving no apparent function
surrenderer, yielder
a person who yields or surrenders
survivalist
someone who tries to insure their personal survival or the survival of their group or nation
survivor
one who outlives another
suspect
someone who is under suspicion
tagger
someone who appends or joins one thing to another
tagger
someone who assigns labels to the grammatical constituents of textual matter
tapper
a person who strikes a surface lightly and usually repeatedly
tempter
a person who tempts others
termer
a person who serves a specified term
scourge, terror, threat
a person who inspires fear or dread
testate, testator
a person who makes a will
scrag, skin and bones, thin person
a person who is unusually thin and scrawny
third-rater
one who is third-rate or distinctly inferior
thrower
someone who projects something (especially by a rapid motion of the arm)
tiger
a fierce or audacious person
totemist
a person who belongs to a clan or tribe having a totem
toucher
a person who causes or allows a part of the body to come in contact with someone or something
transfer, transferee
someone who transfers or is transferred from one position to another
transexual, transsexual
a person whose sexual identification is entirely with the opposite sex
cross-dresser, transvestite
someone who adopts the dress or manner or sexual role of the opposite sex
attempter, essayer, trier
one who tries
turner
one of two persons who swing ropes for jumpers to skip over in the game of jump rope
tyrant
any person who exercises power in a cruel way
opener, undoer, unfastener, untier
a person who unfastens or unwraps or opens
user
a person who makes use of a thing; someone who uses or employs something
vanisher
a person who disappears
dupe, victim
a person who is tricked or swindled
Victorian
a person who lived during the reign of Victoria
visionary
a person given to fanciful speculations and enthusiasms with little regard for what is actually possible
visually impaired person
someone who has inferior vision
waiter
a person who waits or awaits
waker
a person who awakes
walk-in
person who walks in without having an appointment
needer, wanter
a person who wants or needs something
ward
a person who is under the protection or in the custody of another
warrior
someone engaged in or experienced in warfare
watcher
a person who keeps a devotional vigil by a sick bed or by a dead body
doormat, weakling, wuss
a person who is physically weak and ineffectual
weasel
a person who is regarded as treacherous or sneaky
squirmer, wiggler, wriggler
one who can't stay still (especially a child)
winker
a person who winks
withholder
a person who refrains from granting
witness
(law) a person who testifies under oath in a court of law
worldling
a person absorbed by the concerns and interests and pleasures of the present world
yawner
a person who yawns
microflora
microscopic plants; bacteria are often considered to be microflora
crop
a cultivated plant that is grown commercially on a large scale
endemic
a plant that is native to a certain limited area
holophyte
an organism that produces its own food by photosynthesis
non-flowering plant
a plant that does not bear flowers
plantlet
a young plant or a small plant
wilding
a wild uncultivated plant (especially a wild apple or crabapple tree)
ornamental
any plant grown for its beauty or ornamental value
pot plant
a plant suitable for growing in a flowerpot (especially indoors)
acrogen
any flowerless plant such as a fern (pteridophyte) or moss (bryophyte) in which growth occurs only at the tip of the main stem
apomict
a plant that reproduces or is reproduced by apomixis
aquatic
a plant that lives in or on water
bryophyte, nonvascular plant
any of numerous plants of the division Bryophyta
cryptogam
formerly recognized taxonomic group including all flowerless and seedless plants that reproduce by means of spores: ferns, mosses, algae, fungi
annual
(botany) a plant that completes its entire life cycle within the space of a year
biennial
(botany) a plant having a life cycle that normally takes two seasons from germination to death to complete; flowering biennials usually bloom and fruit in the second season
perennial
(botany) a plant lasting for three seasons or more
escape
a plant originally cultivated but now growing wild
hygrophyte
a plant that grows in a moist habitat
neophyte
a plant that is found in an area where it had not been recorded previously
embryo
(botany) a minute rudimentary plant contained within a seed or an archegonium
monocarp, monocarpic plant, monocarpous plant
a plant that bears fruit once and dies
sporophyte
the spore-producing individual or phase in the life cycle of a plant having alternation of generations
gametophyte
the gamete-bearing individual or phase in the life cycle of a plant having alternation of generations
Ceratostomella ulmi, Dutch elm fungus
fungus causing Dutch elm disease
Claviceps purpurea, ergot
a fungus that infects various cereal plants forming compact black masses of branching filaments that replace many grains of the plant; source of medicinally important alkaloids and of lysergic acid
Xylaria mali, black root rot fungus
fungus causing black root rot in apples
Xylaria polymorpha, dead-man's-fingers, dead-men's-fingers
the fruiting bodies of the fungi of the genus Xylaria
sclerotinia
any fungus of the genus Sclerotinia; some causing brown rot diseases in plants
earthball, false truffle, hard-skinned puffball, puffball
any of various fungi of the genus Scleroderma having hard-skinned subterranean fruiting bodies resembling truffles
stalked puffball
mushroom of the genus Tulostoma that resembles a puffball
false truffle
any of various fungi of the family Rhizopogonaceae having subterranean fruiting bodies similar to the truffle
slime mold, slime mould
a naked mass of protoplasm having characteristics of both plants and animals; sometimes classified as protoctists
pond-scum parasite
an aquatic fungus of genus Synchytriaceae that is parasitic on pond scum
Synchytrium endobioticum, potato wart fungus
fungus causing potato wart disease in potato tubers
Saprolegnia ferax, white fungus
a fungus that attacks living fish and tadpoles and spawn causing white fungus disease: a coating of white hyphae on especially peripheral parts (as fins)
white rust
fungus causing a disease characterized by a white powdery mass of conidia
pythium
any fungus of the genus Pythium
Phytophthora citrophthora
causes brown rot gummosis in citrus fruits
Phytophthora infestans
fungus causing late blight in solanaceous plants especially tomatoes and potatoes
Plasmodiophora brassicae, clubroot fungus
a fungus resembling slime mold that causes swellings or distortions of the roots of cabbages and related plants
earth-ball, earthnut, truffle
any of various highly prized edible subterranean fungi of the genus Tuber; grow naturally in southwestern Europe
coral fungus
any of numerous fungi of the family Clavariaceae often brightly colored that grow in often intricately branched clusters like coral
tooth fungus
a fungus of the family Hydnaceae
lichen
any thallophytic plant of the division Lichenes; occur as crusty patches or bushy growths on tree trunks or rocks or bare ground etc.
true fungus
any of numerous fungi of the division Eumycota
basidiomycete, basidiomycetous fungi
any of various fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota
Chinese black mushroom, Lentinus edodes, Oriental black mushroom, golden oak mushroom, shiitake, shiitake mushroom
edible east Asian mushroom having a golden or dark brown to blackish cap and an inedible stipe
Lentinus lepideus, scaly lentinus
a fungus with a scaly cap and white flesh and a ring on the stalk (with scales below the ring); odor reminiscent of licorice
Corticium salmonicolor, pink disease fungus
fungus causing pink disease in citrus and coffee and rubber trees etc
Corticium solani, bottom rot fungus
fungus causing bottom rot in lettuce
Pellicularia filamentosa, Rhizoctinia solani, potato fungus
fungus causing a disease in potatoes characterized by black scurfy spots on the tubers
Pellicularia koleroga, coffee fungus
fungus causing a disease in coffee and some other tropical plants
Volvaria bombycina
a parasite on various trees
sac fungus
any of various ascomycetous fungi in which the spores are formed in a sac or ascus
ascomycete, ascomycetous fungus
any fungus of the class Ascomycetes (or subdivision Ascomycota) in which the spores are formed inside an ascus
yeast
any of various single-celled fungi that reproduce asexually by budding or division
Aspergillus fumigatus
a mold causing aspergillosis in birds and man
Thielavia basicola, brown root rot fungus
fungus causing brown root rot in plants of the pea and potato and cucumber families
Wynnea americana
a fungus composed of several apothecia that look like elongated rabbit ears; the sterile surface is dark brown and warty; the fertile surface is smooth and pinkish orange
Wynnea sparassoides
a fungus with a long solid stalk embedded in soil and a yellow-brown head shaped like a cauliflower
false morel
a fungus of the family Helvellaceae
lorchel
a large fungus of the family Helvellaceae
gyromitra
any fungus of the genus Gyromitra
gasteromycete, gastromycete
any fungus of the class Gasteromycetes
carrion fungus, stinkhorn
any of various ill-smelling brown-capped fungi of the order Phallales
puffball, true puffball
any of various fungi of the family Lycoperdaceae whose round fruiting body discharges a cloud of spores when mature
earthstar
any fungus of the family Geastraceae; in form suggesting a puffball whose outer peridium splits into the shape of a star
Radiigera fuscogleba
a fungus similar to an earthstar except that it does not open up; the spore mass is brown at maturity with a column of sterile tissue extending up into it
bird's-nest fungus
any of various fungi of the family Nidulariaceae having a cup-shaped body containing several egg-shaped structure enclosing the spores
Gastrocybe lateritia
a species of Gastrocybe fungus that has a conic cap and a thin stalk; at first the stalk is upright but as it matures the stalk bends over and then downward; the cap then gelatinizes and a slimy mass containing the spores falls to the ground as the stalk collapses
Macowanites americanus
a small fungus with a fragile cap that cracks to expose the white context and a white stalk that is practically enclosed by the cap
Gastroboletus scabrosus
a dingy yellow brown fungus with a rough stalk that superficially resembles a bolete
Gastroboletus turbinatus
a fungus with a cap that can vary from red to dark brown; superficially resembles a bolete
Grifola frondosa, Polyporus frondosus, hen of the woods, hen-of-the-woods
large greyish-brown edible fungus forming a mass of overlapping caps that somewhat resembles a hen at the base of trees
Fomes igniarius, agaric
fungus used in the preparation of punk for fuses
bolete
any fungus of the family Boletaceae
jelly fungus
any fungus of the order Tremellales or Auriculariales whose fruiting body is jellylike in consistency when fresh
rust, rust fungus
any of various fungi causing rust disease in plants
smut, smut fungus
any fungus of the order Ustilaginales
Septobasidium pseudopedicellatum, felt fungus
fungus that frequently encircles twigs and branches of various trees especially citrus trees in southern United States
mold, mould
a fungus that produces a superficial growth on various kinds of damp or decaying organic matter
mildew
a fungus that produces a superficial (usually white) growth on organic matter
verticillium
a fungus of the genus Verticillium
monilia
any of the yeastlike imperfect fungi of the genus Monilia
candida
any of the yeastlike imperfect fungi of the genus Candida
blastomycete
any of various yeastlike budding fungi of the genus Blastomyces; cause disease in humans and other animals
Cercospora kopkei, yellow spot fungus
fungus causing yellow spot (a sugarcane disease in Australia)
Ustilaginoidea virens, green smut fungus
fungus causing green smut in rice
dry rot
a fungus causing dry rot
rhizoctinia
any fungus now or formerly belonging to the form genus Rhizoctinia
houseplant
any of a variety of plants grown indoors for decorative purposes
garden plant
any of a variety of plants usually grown especially in a flower or herb garden
tracheophyte, vascular plant
green plant having a vascular system: ferns, gymnosperms, angiosperms
poisonous plant
a plant that when touched or ingested in sufficient quantity can be harmful or fatal to an organism
parasitic plant
plant living on another plant and obtaining organic nutriment from it
aerophyte, air plant, epiphyte, epiphytic plant
plant that derives moisture and nutrients from the air and rain; usually grows on another plant but not parasitic on it
rock plant
plant that grows on or among rocks or is suitable for a rock garden
autophyte, autophytic plant, autotroph, autotrophic organism
plant capable of synthesizing its own food from simple organic substances
myrmecophyte
plant that affords shelter or food to ants that live in symbiotic relations with it
earth-tongue, earthtongue
any club-shaped fungus of the genus Geoglossum
Type of:
animate thing, living thing
a living (or once living) entity

n a system considered analogous in structure or function to a living body

“the social organism
Type of:
scheme, system
a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole
WORD FAMILY
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