musician

DEFINITIONS OF: musician

1

n someone who plays a musical instrument (as a profession)

Synonyms:
instrumentalist, player
Examples:
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Marian Anderson
United States contralto noted for her performance of spirituals (1902-1993)
Louis Armstrong
United States pioneering jazz trumpeter and bandleader (1900-1971)
Johann Sebastian Bach
German baroque organist and contrapuntist; composed mostly keyboard music; one of the greatest creators of western music (1685-1750)
Pearl Mae Bailey
United States singer (1918-1990)
Bela Bartok
Hungarian composer and pianist who collected Hungarian folk music; in 1940 he moved to the United States (1881-1945)
Charles Edward Berry
United States rock singer (born in 1931)
Marc Blitzstein
United States pianist and composer of operas and musical plays (1905-1964)
Anton Bruckner
Austrian organist and composer of romantic music (1824-1896)
William Byrd
English organist and composer of church music; master of 16th century polyphony; was granted a monopoly in music printing with Thomas Tallis (1543-1623)
Maria Meneghini Callas
Greek coloratura soprano (born in the United States) known for her dramatic intensity in operatic roles (1923-1977)
Enrico Caruso
outstanding Italian operatic tenor (1873-1921)
Pablo Casals
an outstanding Spanish cellist noted for his interpretation of Bach's cello suites (1876-1973)
Johnny Cash
United States country music singer and songwriter (1932-2003)
Maurice Chevalier
French actor and cabaret singer (1888-1972)
Frederic Francois Chopin
French composer (born in Poland) and pianist of the romantic school (1810-1849)
Arcangelo Corelli
Italian violinist and composer of violin concertos (1653-1713)
Francois Couperin
French composer of music for organ and a member of a family of distinguished organists (1668-1733)
Harry Lillis Crosby
United States singer and film actor (1904-1977)
Karl Czerny
Austrian virtuoso pianist and composer of many works for the piano; studied with Beethoven and was a teacher of Liszt (1791-1857)
Miles Dewey Davis Jr.
United States jazz musician; noted for his trumpet style (1926-1991)
Maria Magdalene von Losch
United States film actress (born in Germany) who made many films with Josef von Sternberg and later was a successful cabaret star (1901-1992)
Placido Domingo
Spanish operatic tenor noted for performances in operas by Verdi and Puccini (born in 1941)
Antoine Domino
United States rhythm and blues pianist and singer and composer (born in 1928)
John Dowland
English lutenist and composer of songs for the lute (1563-1626)
Bob Dylan
United States songwriter noted for his protest songs (born in 1941)
Edward Kennedy Ellington
United States jazz composer and piano player and bandleader (1899-1974)
Georges Enesco
Romanian violinist and composer (1881-1955)
Manuel de Falla
Spanish composer and pianist (1876-1946)
Eileen Farrell
United States operatic soprano noted for the clarity and power of her voice (1920-2002)
Ella Fitzgerald
United States scat singer (1917-1996)
Judy Garland
United States singer and film actress (1922-1969)
John Birks Gillespie
United States jazz trumpeter and exponent of bebop (1917-1993)
Benjamin David Goodman
United States clarinetist who in 1934 formed a big band (including black as well as white musicians) and introduced a kind of jazz known as swing (1909-1986)
Stephane Grappelli
French jazz violinist (1908-1997)
Woodrow Wilson Guthrie
United States folk singer and songwriter (1912-1967)
William John Clifton Haley Jr.
United States rock singer who was one of the first to popularize rock'n'roll music (1925-1981)
Lionel Hampton
United States musician who was the first to use the vibraphone as a jazz instrument (1913-2002)
George Harrison
English rock star; lead guitarist of the Beatles (1943-2001)
Coleman Hawkins
United States jazz saxophonist (1904-1969)
James Marshall Hendrix
United States guitarist whose innovative style with electric guitars influenced the development of rock music (1942-1970)
Woodrow Charles Herman
United States jazz musician and bandleader (1913-1987)
Dame Myra Hess
English pianist (1890-1965)
Charles Hardin Holley
United States rock star (1936-1959)
Lena Calhoun Horne
United States singer and actress (born in 1917)
Marilyn Horne
United States operatic mezzo-soprano (born 1934)
Vladimir Horowitz
Russian concert pianist who was a leading international virtuoso (1904-1989)
Julio Iglesias
Spanish singer noted for his ballads and love songs (born in 1943)
Mahalia Jackson
United States singer who did much to popularize gospel music (1911-1972)
Michael Joe Jackson
United States singer who began singing with his four brothers and later became a highly successful star during the 1980s (born in 1958)
Michael Philip Jagger
English rock star (born in 1943)
Joseph Joachim
Hungarian violinist and composer (1831-1907)
Asa Yoelson
United States singer (born in Russia) who appeared in the first full-length talking film (1886-1950)
Janis Joplin
United States singer who died of a drug overdose at the height of her popularity (1943-1970)
Riley B King
United States guitar player and singer of the blues (born in 1925)
Fritz Kreisler
United States violinist (born in Austria) (1875-1962)
Wanda Landowska
United States harpsichordist (born in Poland) who helped to revive modern interest in the harpsichord (1879-1959)
Sir Harry MacLennan Lauder
Scottish ballad singer and music hall comedian (1870-1950)
Huddie Leadbetter
United States folk singer and composer (1885-1949)
John Lennon
English rock star and guitarist and songwriter who with Paul McCartney wrote most of the music for the Beatles (1940-1980)
Jerry Lee Lewis
United States rock star singer and pianist (born in 1935)
Swedish Nightingale
Swedish soprano who toured the United States under the management of P. T. Barnum (1820-1887)
Franz Liszt
Hungarian composer and piano virtuoso (1811-1886)
Madonna Louise Ciccone
United States pop singer and sex symbol during the 1980s (born in 1958)
Robert Nesta Marley
Jamaican singer who popularized reggae (1945-1981)
Dino Paul Crocetti
United States singer (1917-1995)
Sir James Paul McCartney
English rock star and bass guitarist and songwriter who with John Lennon wrote most of the music for the Beatles (born in 1942)
John McCormick
United States operatic tenor (born in Ireland) (1884-1945)
Helen Porter Mitchell
Australian operatic soprano (1861-1931)
Lauritz Lebrecht Hommel Melchior
United States operatic tenor (born in Denmark) noted for his Wagnerian roles (1890-1973)
Sir Yehudi Menuhin
British violinist (born in the United States) who began his career as a child prodigy in the 1920s (1916-1999)
Ethel Merman
United States singer who appeared in several musical comedies (1909-1984)
Thelonious Sphere Monk
United States jazz pianist who was one of the founders of the bebop style (1917-1982)
James Douglas Morrison
United States rock singer (1943-1971)
Ferdinand Joseph La Menthe Morton
United States jazz musician who moved from ragtime to New Orleans jazz (1885-1941)
Marta Brigit Nilsson
Swedish operatic soprano who played Wagnerian roles (born in 1918)
Jessye Norman
United States operatic soprano (born in 1945)
Joseph Oliver
United States jazz musician who influenced the style of Louis Armstrong (1885-1938)
Roy Orbison
United States composer and rockabilly tenor popular in the 1950s (1936-1988)
Ignace Jan Paderewski
Polish pianist who in 1919 served as the first Prime Minister of independent Poland (1860-1941)
Niccolo Paganini
Italian violinist and composer of music for the violin (1782-1840)
Charles Christopher Parker
United States saxophonist and leader of the bop style of jazz (1920-1955)
Luciano Pavarotti
Italian tenor (born in 1935)
Edith Giovanna Gassion
French cabaret singer (1915-1963)
Alice-Josephine Pons
United States coloratura soprano (born in France) (1904-1976)
Rosa Melba Ponselle
United States soprano (1897-1981)
Francis Poulenc
French pianist and composer (1899-1963)
Elvis Aron Presley
United States rock singer whose many hit records and flamboyant style greatly influenced American popular music (1935-1977)
Mary Leontyne Price
United States operatic soprano (born 1927)
Henry Purcell
English organist at Westminster Abbey and composer of many theatrical pieces (1659-1695)
Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff
composer and piano virtuoso born in Russia (1873-1943)
Paul Bustill Robeson
United States bass singer and an outspoken critic of racism and proponent of socialism (1898-1976)
Anton Grigorevich Rubinstein
Russian composer and pianist (1829-1894)
Arthur Rubinstein
United States pianist (born in Poland) known for his interpretations of the music of Chopin (1886-1982)
Lillian Russell
United States entertainer remembered for her roles in comic operas (1861-1922)
Charles Camille Saint-Saens
French pianist and composer (1835-1921)
Artur Schnabel
United States composer (born in Austria) and pianist noted for his interpretations of the works of Mozart and Beethoven and Schubert (1882-1951)
Clara Josephine Schumann
German pianist and composer of piano music; renowned for her interpretation of music, especially the music of her husband Robert Schumann (1819-1896)
Ernestine Schumann-Heink
United States operatic contralto (1861-1936)
Albert Schweitzer
French philosopher and physician and organist who spent most of his life as a medical missionary in Gabon (1875-1965)
Peter Seeger
United States folk singer who was largely responsible for the interest in folk music in the 1960s (born in 1919)
Andres Segovia
Spanish guitarist who made classical guitar a concert instrument (1893-1987)
Rudolf Serkin
United States concert pianist (born in Czechoslovakia) (1903-1991)
Ravi Shankar
Indian sitar player who popularized classical Indian music in the West (born in 1920)
Arthur Jacob Arshawsky
United States clarinetist and leader of a swing band (1910-2004)
Belle Miriam Silverman
United States operatic soprano (born in 1929)
Paul Simon
United States singer and songwriter (born in 1942)
Francis Albert Sinatra
United States singer and film actor (1915-1998)
Bessie Smith
United States blues singer (1894-1937)
Kathryn Elizabeth Smith
United States singer noted for her rendition of patriotic songs (1909-1986)
Richard Starkey
rock star and drummer for the Beatles (born in 1940)
Isaac Stern
United States concert violinist (born in Russia in 1920)
Barbra Joan Streisand
United States singer and actress (born in 1942)
Dame Joan Sutherland
Australian operatic soprano (born in 1926)
Thomas Tallis
English organist and composer of church and secular music; was granted a monopoly in music printing with William Byrd (1505-1585)
Arthur Tatum
United States jazz pianist who was almost completely blind; his innovations influenced many other jazz musicians (1910-1956)
Renata Tebaldi
Italian operatic soprano (born in 1922)
Dame Kiri Janette Te Kanawa
New Zealand operatic soprano (born in 1944)
Helen Traubel
United States operatic soprano (1903-1972)
Sarah Vaughan
United States jazz singer noted for her complex bebop phrasing and scat singing (1924-1990)
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
Italian baroque composer and violinist (1675-1741)
Thomas Wright Waller
United States jazz musician (1904-1943)
Ethel Waters
United States actress and singer (1896-1977)
Hiram King Williams
United States country singer and songwriter (1923-1953)
Tammy Wynetter Pugh
United States country singer (1942-1998)
Lester Willis Young
United States jazz tenor saxophonist (1909-1959)
Efrem Zimbalist
United States violinist (born in Russia) (1889-1985)
Pinchas Zukerman
Israeli violinist (born in 1948)
Types:
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accompanist, accompanyist
a person who provides musical accompaniment (usually on a piano)
accordionist
a musician who plays the accordion
bandsman
a player in a band (especially a military band)
bassist
a musician who play the bass viol
bassoonist
a musician who plays the bassoon
bell ringer
someone who plays musical handbells
carillonneur
a musician who plays a carillon
cellist, violoncellist
someone who plays a violoncello
clarinetist, clarinettist
a musician who plays the clarinet
flautist, flute player, flutist
someone who plays the flute
gambist
a musician who performs upon the viola da gamba
guitar player, guitarist
a musician who plays the guitar
harmoniser, harmonizer
a musician who sings or plays in harmony
harper, harpist
someone who plays the harp
harpsichordist
someone who plays the harpsichord
hornist
a musician who plays a horn (especially a French horn)
jazz musician, jazzman
a musician who plays or composes jazz music
keyboardist
a musician who plays a keyboard instrument
koto player
a musician who plays the koto
lutanist, lutenist, lutist
a musician who plays the lute
oboist
a musician who plays the oboe
organist
a person who plays an organ
percussionist
a musician who plays percussion instruments
pianist, piano player
a person who plays the piano
bagpiper, piper
someone who plays the bagpipe
recorder player
someone who plays the recorder
rhythm and blues musician
a performer (and sometimes composer) of rhythm and blues music
rock 'n' roll musician, rocker
a performer or composer or fan of rock music
saxist, saxophonist
a musician who plays the saxophone
singer, vocaliser, vocalist, vocalizer
a person who sings
sitar player
a musician who plays the sitar
soloist
a musician who performs a solo
trombone player, trombonist
a musician who plays the trombone
cornetist, trumpeter
a musician who plays the trumpet or cornet
vibist, vibraphonist
a musician who plays the vibraphone
fiddler, violinist
a musician who plays the violin
violist
a musician who plays the viola
alto
a singer whose voice lies in the alto clef
alto saxophonist, altoist
a musician who plays the alto saxophone
baritone, barytone
a male singer
bass, basso
an adult male singer with the lowest voice
bugler
someone who plays a bugle
canary
a female singer
caroler, caroller
a singer of carols
castrato
a male singer who was castrated before puberty and retains a soprano or alto voice
chorister
a singer in a choir
contralto
a woman singer having a contralto voice
balladeer, crooner
a singer of popular ballads
cymbalist
a performer on the cymbals
drummer
someone who plays a drum
folk singer, jongleur, minstrel, poet-singer, troubadour
a singer of folk songs
hummer
a singer who produces a tune without opening the lips or forming words
lieder singer
a singer of lieder
madrigalist
a singer of madrigals
opera star, operatic star
singer of lead role in an opera
pipe major
the chief piper in a band of bagpipes
rapper
someone who performs rap music
recitalist
a musician who gives recitals
rock star
a famous singer of rock music
songster
a person who sings
soprano
a female singer
syncopator
a musician who plays syncopated jazz music (usually in a dance band)
tenor
an adult male with a tenor voice
tenor saxophonist, tenorist
a musician who plays the tenor saxophone
thrush
a woman who sings popular songs
torch singer
a singer (usually a woman) who specializes in singing torch songs
voice
(metonymy) a singer
warbler
a singer; usually a singer who adds embellishments to the song
xylophonist
someone who plays a xylophone
yodeller
a singer who changes register rapidly (popular is Swiss folk songs)
Type of:
performer, performing artist
an entertainer who performs a dramatic or musical work for an audience

n artist who composes or conducts music as a profession

Examples:
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Victor Herbert
United States musician and composer and conductor noted for his comic operas (1859-1924)
Yoko Ono
United States musician (born in Japan) who married John Lennon and collaborated with him on recordings (born in 1933)
Carl Orff
German musician who developed a widely used system for teaching music to children (1895-1982)
Saint Ambrose
(Roman Catholic Church) Roman priest who became bishop of Milan; the first Church Father born and raised in the Christian faith; composer of hymns; imposed orthodoxy on the early Christian church and built up its secular power; a saint and Doctor of the Church (340?-397)
Johann Sebastian Bach
German baroque organist and contrapuntist; composed mostly keyboard music; one of the greatest creators of western music (1685-1750)
Samuel Barber
United States composer (1910-1981)
Bela Bartok
Hungarian composer and pianist who collected Hungarian folk music; in 1940 he moved to the United States (1881-1945)
Ludwig van Beethoven
German composer of instrumental music (especially symphonic and chamber music); continued to compose after he lost his hearing (1770-1827)
Vincenzo Bellini
Italian composer of operas (1801-1835)
Alban Berg
Austrian composer in Schoenberg's twelve-tone music system (1885-1935)
Irving Berlin
United States songwriter (born in Russia) who wrote more than 1500 songs and several musical comedies (1888-1989)
Louis-Hector Berlioz
French composer of romantic works (1803-1869)
Leonard Bernstein
United States conductor and composer (1918-1990)
Georges Bizet
French composer best known for his operas (1838-1875)
Marc Blitzstein
United States pianist and composer of operas and musical plays (1905-1964)
Ernest Bloch
United States composer (born in Switzerland) who composed symphonies and chamber music and choral music and a piano sonata and an opera (1880-1959)
Aleksandr Porfirevich Borodin
Russian composer (1833-1887)
Pierre Boulez
French composer of serial music (born in 1925)
Johannes Brahms
German composer who developed the romantic style of both lyrical and classical music (1833-1897)
Lord Britten of Aldeburgh
major English composer of the 20th century; noted for his operas (1913-1976)
Max Bruch
German composer (1838-1920)
Anton Bruckner
Austrian organist and composer of romantic music (1824-1896)
William Byrd
English organist and composer of church music; master of 16th century polyphony; was granted a monopoly in music printing with Thomas Tallis (1543-1623)
John Milton Cage Jr.
United States composer of avant-garde music (1912-1992)
Hoagland Howard Carmichael
United States songwriter (1899-1981)
Carlos Chavez
Mexican composer of nationalistic works using themes from Indian folk music (1899-1978)
Maria Luigi Carlo Zenobio Cherubini
Italian composer of church music and operas (1760-1842)
Frederic Francois Chopin
French composer (born in Poland) and pianist of the romantic school (1810-1849)
George Michael Cohan
United States songwriter and playwright famous for his patriotic songs (1878-1942)
Aaron Copland
United States composer who developed a distinctly American music (1900-1990)
Arcangelo Corelli
Italian violinist and composer of violin concertos (1653-1713)
Francois Couperin
French composer of music for organ and a member of a family of distinguished organists (1668-1733)
Sir Noel Pierce Coward
English dramatist and actor and composer noted for his witty and sophisticated comedies (1899-1973)
Karl Czerny
Austrian virtuoso pianist and composer of many works for the piano; studied with Beethoven and was a teacher of Liszt (1791-1857)
Claude Achille Debussy
French composer who is said to have created Impressionism in music (1862-1918)
Clement Philibert Leo Delibes
French composer of operas (1836-1891)
Frederick Delius
English composer of orchestral works (1862-1934)
Antoine Domino
United States rhythm and blues pianist and singer and composer (born in 1928)
Gaetano Donizetti
Italian composer of operas (1797-1848)
John Dowland
English lutenist and composer of songs for the lute (1563-1626)
Paul Dukas
French composer (1865-1935)
Antonin Dvorak
Czech composer who combined folk elements with traditional forms (1841-1904)
Bob Dylan
United States songwriter noted for his protest songs (born in 1941)
Sir Edward William Elgar
British composer of choral and orchestral works including two symphonies as well as songs and chamber music and music for brass band (1857-1934)
Georges Enesco
Romanian violinist and composer (1881-1955)
Manuel de Falla
Spanish composer and pianist (1876-1946)
Arthur Fiedler
popular United States conductor (1894-1979)
Stephen Collins Foster
United States songwriter whose songs embody the sentiment of the South before the American Civil War (1826-1864)
Cesar Franck
French composer and teacher who influenced a generation of composers (1822-1890)
George Gershwin
United States composer who incorporated jazz into classical forms and composed scores for musical comedies (1898-1937)
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka
Russian composer (1804-1857)
Christoph Willibald von Gluck
German composer of more than 100 operas (1714-1787)
Benjamin David Goodman
United States clarinetist who in 1934 formed a big band (including black as well as white musicians) and introduced a kind of jazz known as swing (1909-1986)
Charles Francois Gounod
French composer best remembered for his operas (1818-1893)
George Percy Aldridge Grainger
United States composer (born in Australia) who lived in London and collected English folk songs (1882-1961)
Edvard Hagerup Grieg
Norwegian composer whose work was often inspired by Norwegian folk music (1843-1907)
Woodrow Wilson Guthrie
United States folk singer and songwriter (1912-1967)
Jacques Francois Fromental Elie Halevy
French operatic composer (1799-1862)
George Frederick Handel
a prolific British baroque composer (born in Germany) remembered best for his oratorio Messiah (1685-1759)
William Christopher Handy
United States blues musician who transcribed and published traditional blues music (1873-1958)
Franz Joseph Haydn
prolific Austrian composer who influenced the classical form of the symphony (1732-1809)
Woodrow Charles Herman
United States jazz musician and bandleader (1913-1987)
Paul Hindemith
German neoclassical composer and conductor who believed that music should have a social purpose (1895-1963)
Charles Hardin Holley
United States rock star (1936-1959)
Arthur Honegger
Swiss composer (born in France) who was the founding member of a group in Paris that included Erik Satie and Darius Milhaud and Francis Poulenc and Jean Cocteau (1892-1955)
Engelbert Humperdinck
German composer of six operas and other incidental music (1854-1921)
Jacques Francois Antoine Ibert
French composer (1890-1962)
Charles Edward Ives
United States composer noted for his innovative use of polytonality (1874-1954)
Joseph Joachim
Hungarian violinist and composer (1831-1907)
Scott Joplin
United States composer who was the first creator of ragtime to write down his compositions (1868-1917)
Aram Kachaturian
Armenian composer who incorporated oriental folk music (1903-1978)
Jerome David Kern
United States composer of musical comedies (1885-1945)
Aram Ilich Khachaturian
Russian composer (born in Armenia) whose works are romantic and reflect his interest in folk music (1903-1978)
Sergei Aleksandrovich Koussevitzky
United States conductor (born in Russia) who was noted for performing the works of contemporary composers (1874-1951)
Leonard Constant Lambert
English composer and conductor (1905-1951)
Orlando di Lasso
Belgian composer (1532-1594)
Huddie Leadbetter
United States folk singer and composer (1885-1949)
Franz Lehar
Hungarian composer of light operas (1870-1948)
John Lennon
English rock star and guitarist and songwriter who with Paul McCartney wrote most of the music for the Beatles (1940-1980)
Franz Liszt
Hungarian composer and piano virtuoso (1811-1886)
Baron Lloyd Webber of Sydmonton
English composer of many successful musicals (some in collaboration with Sir Tim Rice) (born in 1948)
Frederick Loewe
United States composer (born in Austria) who collaborated with Lerner on several musicals (1901-1987)
Jean Baptiste Lully
French composer (born in Italy) who was the court composer to Louis XIV and founded the national French opera (1632-1687)
Edward MacDowell
United States composer best remembered as a composer of works for the piano (1860-1908)
Gustav Mahler
Austrian composer and conductor (1860-1911)
Jules Emile Frederic Massenet
French composer best remembered for his pop operas (1842-1912)
Sir James Paul McCartney
English rock star and bass guitarist and songwriter who with John Lennon wrote most of the music for the Beatles (born in 1942)
Jakob Ludwig Felix Mendelssohn-Bartholdy
German musician and romantic composer of orchestral and choral works (1809-1847)
Gian Carlo Menotti
United States composer (born in Italy) of operas (born in 1911)
Jakob Liebmann Beer
German composer of operas in a style that influenced Richard Wagner (1791-1864)
Darius Milhaud
French composer of works that combine jazz and polytonality and Brazilian music (1892-1974)
Alton Glenn Miller
United States bandleader of a popular big band (1909-1944)
Claudio Monteverdi
Italian composer (1567-1643)
Douglas Moore
United States composer of works noted for their use of the American vernacular (1893-1969)
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
prolific Austrian composer and child prodigy; master of the classical style in all its forms of his time (1756-1791)
Modest Petrovich Moussorgsky
Russian composer of operas and orchestral works (1839-1881)
Carl August Nielsen
Danish composer (1865-1931)
Jacques Offenbach
French composer of many operettas and an opera (1819-1880)
Roy Orbison
United States composer and rockabilly tenor popular in the 1950s (1936-1988)
Eugene Ormandy
United States conductor (born in Hungary) (1899-1985)
Seiji Ozawa
United States conductor (born in Japan in 1935)
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina
Italian composer (1526-1594)
Walter Piston
United States neoclassical composer (1894-1976)
Cole Albert Porter
United States composer and lyricist of musical comedies (1891-1946)
Francis Poulenc
French pianist and composer (1899-1963)
Sergei Sergeyevich Prokofiev
Russian composer of ballets and symphonies and operas (1891-1953)
Giacomo Puccini
Italian operatic composer noted for the dramatic realism of his operas (1858-1924)
Henry Purcell
English organist at Westminster Abbey and composer of many theatrical pieces (1659-1695)
Sergei Vasilievich Rachmaninoff
composer and piano virtuoso born in Russia (1873-1943)
Jean-Philippe Rameau
French composer of operas whose writings laid the foundation for the modern theory of harmony (1683-1764)
Maurice Ravel
French composer and exponent of Impressionism (1875-1937)
Stephen Michael Reich
United States composer (born in 1936)
Ottorino Respighi
Italian composer remembered for his symphonic poems (1879-1936)
Nikolai Andreyevich Rimski-Korsakov
Russian composer of operas and orchestral works; often used themes from folk music (1844-1908)
Richard Rodgers
United States composer of musical comedies (especially in collaboration with Oscar Hammerstein II and with Lorenz Hart) (1902-1979)
Sigmund Romberg
United States composer (born in Hungary) who composed operettas (1887-1951)
Giloacchino Antonio Rossini
Italian composer remembered for his operas (1792-1868)
Anton Grigorevich Rubinstein
Russian composer and pianist (1829-1894)
Charles Camille Saint-Saens
French pianist and composer (1835-1921)
Erik Alfred Leslie Satie
French composer noted for his experimentalism and rejection of Romanticism (1866-1925)
Artur Schnabel
United States composer (born in Austria) and pianist noted for his interpretations of the works of Mozart and Beethoven and Schubert (1882-1951)
Arnold Schoenberg
United States composer and musical theorist (born in Austria) who developed atonal composition (1874-1951)
Franz Seraph Peter Schubert
Austrian composer known for his compositions for voice and piano (1797-1828)
Robert Alexander Schumann
German romantic composer known for piano music and songs (1810-1856)
Clara Josephine Schumann
German pianist and composer of piano music; renowned for her interpretation of music, especially the music of her husband Robert Schumann (1819-1896)
Aleksandr Nikolayevich Scriabin
Russian composer of orchestral and piano music (1872-1915)
Andres Segovia
Spanish guitarist who made classical guitar a concert instrument (1893-1987)
Roger Huntington Sessions
United States composer who promoted 20th century music (1896-1985)
Arthur Jacob Arshawsky
United States clarinetist and leader of a swing band (1910-2004)
Dmitri Dmitrievich Shostakovich
Russian composer best known for his fifteen symphonies (1906-1975)
Johan Julius Christian Sibelius
Finnish composer (1865-1957)
Paul Simon
United States singer and songwriter (born in 1942)
Bedrich Smetana
Czech composer (1824-1884)
Stephen Sondheim
United States composer of musicals (born in 1930)
John Philip Sousa
a United States bandmaster and composer of military marches (1854-1932)
Leopold Antoni Stanislaw Stokowski
United States conductor (born in Britain) (1882-1977)
Strauss the Elder
Austrian composer of waltzes (1804-1849)
Strauss the Younger
Austrian composer and son of Strauss the Elder; composed many famous waltzes and became known as the `waltz king' (1825-1899)
Richard Strauss
German composer of many operas; collaborated with librettist Hugo von Hoffmannsthal to produce several operas (1864-1949)
Igor Fyodorovich Stravinsky
composer who was born in Russia but lived in the United States after 1939 (1882-1971)
Arthur Seymour Sullivan
English composer of operettas who collaborated with the librettist William Gilbert (1842-1900)
George Szell
United States conductor (born in Hungary) (1897-1970)
Thomas Tallis
English organist and composer of church and secular music; was granted a monopoly in music printing with William Byrd (1505-1585)
Joseph Deems Taylor
United States composer and music critic (1885-1966)
Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky
important Russian composer whose works are noted for their expressive melodies (1840-1893)
Georg Philipp Telemann
German baroque composer (1681-1767)
Virgil Garnett Thomson
United States composer who collaborated with Gertrude Stein (1896-1989)
Arturo Toscanini
Italian conductor of many orchestras worldwide (1867-1957)
Edgar Varese
United States composer (born in France) whose music combines dissonance with complex rhythms and the use of electronic techniques (1883-1965)
Ralph Vaughan Williams
English composer influenced by folk tunes and music of the Tudor period (1872-1958)
Guiseppe Fortunino Francesco Verdi
Italian operatic composer (1813-1901)
Heitor Villa-Lobos
Brazilian composer (1887-1959)
Antonio Lucio Vivaldi
Italian baroque composer and violinist (1675-1741)
Wilhelm Richard Wagner
German composer of operas and inventor of the musical drama in which drama and spectacle and music are fused (1813-1883)
Bruno Walter
German conductor (1876-1962)
Sir William Turner Walton
English composer (1902-1983)
Baron Karl Maria Friedrich Ernst von Weber
German conductor and composer of romantic operas (1786-1826)
Kurt Weill
German composer; collaborated with Bertolt Brecht (1900-1950)
Hiram King Williams
United States country singer and songwriter (1923-1953)
Hugo Wolf
Austrian composer (1860-1903)
Sir Henry Joseph Wood
English conductor (1869-1944)
Types:
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adapter, arranger, transcriber
a musician who adapts a composition for particular voices or instruments or for another style of performance
cantor, choirmaster, precentor
the musical director of a choir
composer
someone who composes music as a profession
conductor, director, music director
the person who leads a musical group
virtuoso
a musician who is a consummate master of technique and artistry
contrapuntist
a composer who specializes in counterpoint
bandleader
the leader of a dance band
bandmaster
the conductor of a band
drum major
the leader of a marching band or drum corps
drum majorette, majorette
a female drum major
orchestrator
an arranger who writes for orchestras
psalmist
a composer of sacred songs
ballad maker, songster, songwriter
a composer of words or music for popular songs
symphonist
a composer of symphonies
Type of:
artist, creative person
a person whose creative work shows sensitivity and imagination
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