movement

The noun movement means a change of position or location. If you're watching a play, you might notice that an actor's repeated movement from one side of the stage to the other shows her character's nervousness.

A campaign to create some change or achieve a goal is another kind of movement, like the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 60s. A major section of a musical piece is also called a movement. Each movement of a symphony can have a different tempo and feel, working to build the piece toward a dramatic finish. Beethoven's Fifth Symphony has four movements.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: movement

1
n
a change of position that does not entail a change of location
2
n
a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end
3
n
a major self-contained part of a symphony or sonata
4
n
the driving and regulating parts of a mechanism (as of a watch or clock)
5
n
a euphemism for defecation
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: movement
1

n a change of position that does not entail a change of location

movement is a sign of life”
Synonyms:
motility, motion, move
Types:
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abduction
(physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body
adduction
(physiology) moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body
agitation
the act of agitating something; causing it to move around (usually vigorously)
body English
a motion of the body by a player as if to make an object already propelled go in the desired direction
circumduction
a circular movement of a limb or eye
disturbance
the act of disturbing something or someone; setting something in motion
fetal movement, foetal movement
motion of a fetus within the uterus (usually detected by the 16th week of pregnancy)
dart, flit
a sudden quick movement
gesture
motion of hands or body to emphasize or help to express a thought or feeling
headshake, headshaking
the act of turning your head left and right to signify denial or disbelief or bemusement
inclination, inclining
the act of inclining; bending forward
eversion, everting, inversion
the act of turning inside out
inversion, upending
turning upside down; setting on end
jerk, jerking, jolt, saccade
an abrupt spasmodic movement
kick, kicking
a rhythmic thrusting movement of the legs as in swimming or calisthenics
kneel, kneeling
supporting yourself on your knees
lurch, pitch, pitching
abrupt up-and-down motion (as caused by a ship or other conveyance)
eye movement
the movement of the eyes
opening
the act of opening something
prostration
the act of assuming a prostrate position
reach, reaching, stretch
the act of physically reaching or thrusting out
reciprocation
alternating back-and-forth movement
reclining
the act of assuming or maintaining a reclining position
retraction
the act of pulling or holding or drawing a part back
retroflection, retroflexion
the act of bending backward
rotary motion, rotation
the act of rotating as if on an axis
closing, shutting
the act of closing something
sitting
the act of assuming or maintaining a seated position
posing, sitting
(photography) the act of assuming a certain position (as for a photograph or portrait)
snap
the act of snapping the fingers; movement of a finger from the tip to the base of the thumb on the same hand
squat, squatting
the act of assuming or maintaining a crouching position with the knees bent and the buttocks near the heels
sweep
a movement in an arc
toss
an abrupt movement
quiver, quivering, vibration
the act of vibrating
wave
a movement like that of a sudden occurrence or increase in a specified phenomenon
flicker, flutter, waver
the act of moving back and forth
standing
the act of assuming or maintaining an erect upright position
span, straddle
the act of sitting or standing astride
stroke
a single complete movement
squirm, wiggle, wriggle
the act of wiggling
eurhythmics, eurhythmy, eurythmics, eurythmy
the interpretation in harmonious bodily movements of the rhythm of musical compositions; used to teach musical understanding
jab, jabbing, poke, poking, thrust, thrusting
a sharp hand gesture (resembling a blow)
mudra
ritual hand movement in Hindu religious dancing
bob
a short abrupt inclination (as of the head)
nod
the act of nodding the head
stoop
an inclination of the top half of the body forward and downward
nystagmus
involuntary movements of the eyeballs; its presence or absence is used to diagnose a variety of neurological and visual disorders
saccade
a rapid, jerky movement of the eyes between positions of rest
circumvolution
the act of turning or winding or folding around a central axis
feather, feathering
turning an oar parallel to the water between pulls
gyration, whirling
the act of rotating in a circle or spiral
pivot
the act of turning on (or as if on) a pivot
pronation
rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face downward
spin, twirl, twist, twisting, whirl
the act of rotating rapidly
spiral
flying downward in a helical path with a large radius
supination
rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face upward
turn, twist
turning or twisting around (in place)
twist, wind, winding
the act of winding or twisting
shaking
the act of causing something to move up and down (or back and forth) with quick movements
stirring
agitating a liquid with an implement
shake, wag, waggle
causing to move repeatedly from side to side
worrying
the act of moving something by repeated tugs or pushes
careen, rock, sway, tilt
pitching dangerously to one side
overturn, turnover, upset
the act of upsetting something
shudder, tremor
an involuntary vibration (as if from illness or fear)
outreach
the act of reaching out
key stroke, keystroke
the stroke of a key; one depression of a key on a keyboard
turnout
(ballet) the outward rotation of a dancer's leg from the hip
beat
a stroke or blow
bow
a stroke with a curved piece of wood with taut horsehair strands that is used in playing stringed instruments
carnival, circus
a frenetic disorganized (and often comic) disturbance suggestive of a large public entertainment
disorganisation, disorganization
the disturbance of a systematic arrangement causing disorder and confusion
disruption, perturbation
the act of causing disorder
commotion, din, ruckus, ruction, rumpus, tumult
the act of making a noisy disturbance
furor, furore
a sudden outburst (as of protest)
havoc, mayhem
violent and needless disturbance
battle royal, melee, scrimmage
a noisy riotous fight
agitation, excitement, hullabaloo, turmoil, upheaval
disturbance usually in protest
outburst, tumultuous disturbance
a sudden violent disturbance
rampage, violent disorder
violently angry and destructive behavior
derangement, overthrow, upset
the act of disturbing the mind or body
swimming kick
a movement of the legs in swimming
blow
a powerful stroke with the fist or a weapon
Type of:
change
the action of changing something

n the act of changing location from one place to another

“the movement of people from the farms to the cities”
Synonyms:
motion, move
Types:
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approach, approaching, coming
the act of drawing spatially closer to something
advance, advancement, forward motion, onward motion, procession, progress, progression
the act of moving forward (as toward a goal)
locomotion, travel
self-propelled movement
lunge, lurch
the act of moving forward suddenly
travel, traveling, travelling
the act of going from one place to another
chase, following, pursual, pursuit
the act of pursuing in an effort to overtake or capture
ascending, ascension, ascent, rise
the act of changing location in an upward direction
descent
the act of changing your location in a downward direction
swing, swinging, vacillation
changing location by moving back and forth
return
the act of going back to a prior location
coast, glide, slide
the act of moving smoothly along a surface while remaining in contact with it
slippage
failing to hold or slipping out of place
flow, stream
the act of flowing or streaming; continuous progression
crawl
a very slow movement
hurrying, speed, speeding
changing location rapidly
displacement, translation
the act of uniform movement
shift, shifting
the act of moving from one place to another
haste, hurry, rush, rushing
the act of moving hurriedly and in a careless manner
maneuver, manoeuvre, play
a deliberate coordinated movement requiring dexterity and skill
migration
the movement of persons from one country or locality to another
emigration, expatriation, out-migration
migration from a place (especially migration from your native country in order to settle in another)
immigration, in-migration
migration into a place (especially migration to a country of which you are not a native in order to settle there)
access
the act of approaching or entering
closing, closure
approaching a particular destination; a coming closer; a narrowing of a gap
landing approach
the approach to a landing field by an airplane
push
an effort to advance
career, life history
the general progression of your working or professional life
march
a steady advance
clear sailing, easy going, plain sailing
easy unobstructed progress
brachiation
swinging by the arms from branch to branch
walk, walking
the act of traveling by foot
walk
the act of walking somewhere
step
the act of changing location by raising the foot and setting it down
gait
a horse's manner of moving
run, running
the act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace
jog, lope, trot
a slow pace of running
crawl, crawling, creep, creeping
a slow mode of locomotion on hands and knees or dragging the body
circle, circuit, lap
movement once around a course
circumnavigation
traveling around something (by ship or plane)
peregrination
traveling or wandering around
traversal, traverse
travel across
roving, vagabondage, wandering
travelling about without any clear destination
wayfaring
traveling (especially on foot)
crossing
traveling across
driving
the act of controlling and steering the movement of a vehicle or animal
horseback riding, riding
travel by being carried on horseback
air, air travel, aviation
travel via aircraft
jump, parachuting
descent with a parachute
journey, journeying
the act of traveling from one place to another
leg, stage
a section or portion of a journey or course
staging
travel by stagecoach
on the road, on tour
travelling about
junketing
taking an excursion for pleasure
seafaring, water travel
travel by water
commutation, commuting
the travel of a commuter
tracking, trailing
the pursuit (of a person or animal) by following tracks or marks they left behind
shadowing, tailing
the act of following someone secretly
stalk, stalking
the act of following prey stealthily
levitation
the act of raising (a body) from the ground by presumably spiritualistic means
heave, heaving
the act of lifting something with great effort
climb, mount
the act of climbing something
soar, zoom
the act of rising upward into the air
dive, nose dive, nosedive
a steep nose-down descent by an aircraft
abseil, rappel
(mountaineering) a descent of a vertical cliff or wall made by using a doubled rope that is fixed to a higher point and wrapped around the body
swoop
a swift descent through the air
crash dive
a rapid descent by a submarine
drop
the act of dropping something
collapse, flop
the act of throwing yourself down
reentry
the act of entering again
remand
the act of sending an accused person back into custody to await trial (or the continuation of the trial)
sideslip, skid, slip
an unexpected slide
snowboarding
the act of sliding down a snow-covered slope while standing on a snowboard
release, spill, spillage
the act of allowing a fluid to escape
flood, outpouring, overflow
a large flow
acceleration, quickening, speedup
the act of accelerating; increasing the speed
deceleration
the act of decelerating; decreasing the speed
scud, scudding
the act of moving along swiftly (as before a gale)
run-up
the approach run during which an athlete gathers speed
leapfrog
advancing as if in the child's game, by leaping over obstacles or competitors
dance step, step
a sequence of foot movements that make up a particular dance
bolt, dash
the act of moving with great haste
scamper, scramble, scurry
rushing about hastily in an undignified way
takeaway
the act of taking the ball or puck away from the team on the offense (as by the interception of a pass)
figure
a predetermined set of movements in dancing or skating
completion, pass completion
(American football) a successful forward pass in football
ball hawking
a skillful maneuver in catching balls or in stealing the ball from the opposing team
assist
(sports) the act of enabling another player to make a good play
icing, icing the puck
(ice hockey) the act of shooting the puck from within your own defensive area the length of the rink beyond the opponent's goal
jugglery
the performance of a juggler
obstruction
getting in someone's way
baseball play
(baseball) a play executed by a baseball team
footwork
the manner of using the feet
shot, stroke
(sports) the act of swinging or striking at a ball with a club or racket or bat or cue or hand
stroke
any one of the repeated movements of the limbs and body used for locomotion in swimming or rowing
blitz, linebacker blitzing, safety blitz
(American football) defensive players try to break through the offensive line
mousetrap, trap play
(American football) a play in which a defensive player is allowed to cross the line of scrimmage and then blocked off as the runner goes through the place the lineman vacated
gold rush
a large migration of people to a newly discovered gold field
Type of:
change
the action of changing something

n the act of changing the location of something

“the movement of cargo onto the vessel”
Examples:
Berlin airlift
airlift in 1948 that supplied food and fuel to citizens of west Berlin when the Russians closed off land access to Berlin
Types:
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deracination, displacement
to move something from its natural environment
conveyance, transfer, transferral, transport, transportation
the act of moving something from one location to another
insertion, introduction, intromission
the act of putting one thing into another
letting down, lowering
the act of causing something to move to a lower level
transplant, transplantation, transplanting
the act of removing something from one location and introducing it in another location
troop movement
movement of military units to a new location
transshipment
the transfer from one conveyance to another for shipment
airlift, lift
transportation of people or goods by air (especially when other means of access are unavailable)
connection, connexion
shifting from one form of transportation to another
bringing, delivery
the act of delivering or distributing something (as goods or mail)
drive
the act of driving a herd of animals overland
carry
the act of carrying something
cannulation, cannulisation, cannulization, canulation, canulisation, canulization, intubation
the insertion of a cannula or tube into a hollow body organ
instillation, instillment, instilment
the introduction of a liquid (by pouring or injection) drop by drop
enclosing, enclosure, envelopment, inclosure
the act of enclosing something inside something else
injection
the forceful insertion of a substance under pressure
blood transfusion, transfusion
the introduction of blood or blood plasma into a vein or artery
perfusion
pumping a liquid into an organ or tissue (especially by way of blood vessels)
lighterage
the transportation of goods on a lighter
relocation, resettlement
the transportation of people (as a family or colony) to a new settlement (as after an upheaval of some kind)
teleportation
a hypothetical mode of instantaneous transportation; matter is dematerialized at one place and recreated at another
Type of:
change
the action of changing something

n a natural event that involves a change in the position or location of something

Synonyms:
motion
Types:
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crustal movement, tectonic movement
movement resulting from or causing deformation of the earth's crust
approach, approaching
the event of one object coming closer to another
passage, passing
the motion of one object relative to another
deflection, deflexion
the movement of the pointer or pen of a measuring instrument from its zero position
bend, bending
movement that causes the formation of a curve
change of location, travel
a movement through space that changes the location of something
undulation, wave
(physics) a movement up and down or back and forth
jitter
a small irregular movement
periodic motion, periodic movement
motion that recurs over and over and the period of time required for each recurrence remains the same
heave
(geology) a horizontal dislocation
backlash, rebound, recoil, repercussion
a movement back from an impact
kick, recoil
the backward jerk of a gun when it is fired
seek
the movement of a read/write head to a specific data track on a disk
squeeze, wring
a twisting squeeze
cam stroke, stroke, throw
the maximum movement available to a pivoted or reciprocating piece by a cam
turn, turning
a movement in a new direction
twist, wrench
a jerky pulling movement
undulation
wavelike motion; a gentle rising and falling in the manner of waves
moving ridge, wave
one of a series of ridges that moves across the surface of a liquid (especially across a large body of water)
wobble
an unsteady rocking motion
commotion, whirl
confused movement
Brownian motion, Brownian movement, pedesis
the random motion of small particles suspended in a gas or liquid
ascension
(astronomy) the rising of a star above the horizon
circulation
free movement or passage (as of cytoplasm within a cell or sap through a plant)
creep
a slow longitudinal movement or deformation
breaker, breakers, surf
waves breaking on the shore
backwash, wake
the wave that spreads behind a boat as it moves forward
swash
the movement or sound of water
riffle, ripple, rippling, wavelet
a small wave on the surface of a liquid
gravitation wave, gravity wave
(physics) a wave that is hypothesized to propagate gravity and to travel at the speed of light
sine wave
a wave whose waveform resembles a sine curve
oscillation, vibration
(physics) a regular periodic variation in value about a mean
fluctuation
a wave motion
seiche
a wave on the surface of a lake or landlocked bay; caused by atmospheric or seismic disturbances
standing wave, stationary wave
a wave (as a sound wave in a chamber or an electromagnetic wave in a transmission line) in which the ratio of its instantaneous amplitude at one point to that at any other point does not vary with time
traveling wave, travelling wave
a wave in which the medium moves in the direction of propagation of the wave
acoustic wave, sound wave
(acoustics) a wave that transmits sound
wave form, wave shape, waveform
the shape of a wave illustrated graphically by plotting the values of the period quantity against time
blast wave, shock wave
a region of high pressure travelling through a gas at a high velocity
crestless wave, swell
the undulating movement of the surface of the open sea
lift, rise
a wave that lifts the surface of the water or ground
billow, surge
a large sea wave
tidal wave
a wave resulting from the periodic flow of the tides that is caused by the gravitational attraction of the moon and sun
tidal wave
an unusual (and often destructive) rise of water along the seashore caused by a storm or a combination of wind and high tide
tsunami
a cataclysm resulting from a destructive sea wave caused by an earthquake or volcanic eruption
roll, roller, rolling wave
a long heavy sea wave as it advances towards the shore
harmonic motion
a periodic motion in which the displacement is either symmetrical about a point or is the sum of such motions
bounce, bouncing
rebounding from an impact (or series of impacts)
resilience, resiliency
an occurrence of rebounding or springing back
instroke
the stroke of an engine piston moving away from the crankshaft
outstroke
the stroke of an engine piston moving toward the crankshaft
comber
a long curling sea wave
white horse, whitecap
a wave that is blown by the wind so its crest is broken and appears white
gravitation
movement downward resulting from gravitational attraction
levitation
movement upward in virtue of lightness
descent
a movement downward
shimmy
an abnormal wobble in a motor vehicle (especially in the front wheels)
entering, entrance
a movement into or inward
fall
a movement downward
flow, flowing
the motion characteristic of fluids (liquids or gases)
carom, ricochet
a glancing rebound
deflection, deflexion, refraction
the amount by which a propagating wave is bent
reversal, turn around
turning in an opposite direction or position
swerve, yaw
an erratic deflection from an intended course
impulse, pulsation, pulse, pulsing
(electronics) a sharp transient wave in the normal electrical state (or a series of such transients)
flap, flapping, flutter, fluttering
the motion made by flapping up and down
gyration, revolution, rotation
a single complete turn (axial or orbital)
advance, progress, progression
a movement forward
ascension, ascent, rise, rising
a movement upward
spread, spreading
process or result of distributing or extending over a wide expanse of space
stampede
a wild headlong rush of frightened animals (horses or cattle)
translation
a uniform movement without rotation
coming back, return
the occurrence of a change in direction back in the opposite direction
volution
a rolling or revolving motion
Type of:
happening, natural event, occurrence, occurrent
an event that happens

n an optical illusion of motion produced by viewing a rapid succession of still pictures of a moving object

“the succession of flashing lights gave an illusion of movement
Synonyms:
apparent motion, apparent movement, motion
Type of:
optical illusion
an optical phenomenon that results in a false or deceptive visual impression

n a general tendency to change (as of opinion)

“a broad movement of the electorate to the right”
Synonyms:
drift, trend
Types:
evolutionary trend
a general direction of evolutionary change
gravitation
a figurative movement toward some attraction
neoteny
an evolutionary trend to be born earlier so that development is cut off at an earlier stage and juvenile characteristics are retained in adults of the species
Type of:
disposition, inclination, tendency
an attitude of mind especially one that favors one alternative over others
2

n a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end

“the movement to end slavery”
Synonyms:
campaign, cause, crusade, drive, effort
Types:
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ad blitz, ad campaign, advertising campaign
an organized program of advertisements
anti-war movement
a campaign against entering or continuing a war
charm campaign
a campaign of flattery and friendliness (by a company, politician, etc.) to become more popular and gain support
consumerism
a movement advocating greater protection of the interests of consumers
campaigning, candidacy, candidature, electioneering, political campaign
the campaign of a candidate to be elected
fund-raising campaign, fund-raising drive, fund-raising effort
a campaign to raise money for some cause
feminism, feminist movement, women's lib, women's liberation movement
the movement aimed at equal rights for women
gay lib, gay liberation movement
the movement aimed at liberating homosexuals from legal or social or economic oppression
lost cause
a defeated cause or a cause for which defeat is inevitable
reform
a campaign aimed to correct abuses or malpractices
war
a concerted campaign to end something that is injurious
youth crusade, youth movement
political or religious or social reform movement or agitation consisting chiefly of young people
front-porch campaign, front-porch campaigning
a campaign in which the candidate makes speeches but does not travel
hustings
the activities involved in political campaigning (especially speech making)
whispering campaign
the organized dissemination of derogatory rumors designed to discredit a candidate
stumping
campaigning for something by making political speeches (stump speeches)
sales campaign
an advertising campaign intended to promote sales
public-relations campaign
an advertising campaign intended to improve public relations
Type of:
venture
any venturesome undertaking especially one with an uncertain outcome

n a group of people with a common ideology who try together to achieve certain general goals

“he was a charter member of the movement
“politicians have to respect a mass movement
Synonyms:
front, social movement
Examples:
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Abu Hafs al-Masri Brigades
a terrorist group that has worked with Al Qaeda; claimed responsibility for attacks in Iraq and Turkey
Bearer of the Sword
a small gang of terrorist thugs claiming to seek a separate Islamic state for the Muslim minority in the Philippines; uses bombing and assassination and extortion and kidnapping
al-Aksa Martyrs Brigades
a militant offshoot of al-Fatah that is the newest and strongest and best equipped faction active in the West Bank; responsible for many deadly attacks in Israel in 2002
Revolutionary Proletarian Army
an urban hit squad and guerrilla group of the Communist Party in the Philippines; formed in the 1980s
al-Asifa
a Palestinian political and military organization founded by Yasser Arafat in 1958 to work toward the creation of a Palestinian state; during the 1960s and 1970s trained terrorist and insurgent groups
al-Gama'a al-Islamiyya
a terrorist organization of militant Islamists organized into tiny cells of extreme fundamentalists; emerged during the 1970s mainly in Egyptian jails
al Itihaad al Islamiya
a fundamentalist Islamic group in Somalia who initially did fundraising for al-Qaeda; responsible for ambushing United States Army Rangers and for terrorist bombings in Ethiopia; believed to have branches in several countries
Egyptian Islamic Jihad
an Islamic extremist group active since the late 1970s; seeks to overthrow the Egyptian government and replace it with an Islamic state; works in small underground cells
al-Ma'unah
a radical insurgent Islamist group consisting of disaffected middle-class professionals in Malaysia who want to overthrow the government by violent means and set up an Islamic state
al-Muhajiroun
a hard-line extremist Islamic group in Great Britain who support bin Laden and other terrorist groups
Al Nathir
a Palestinian terrorist organization formed in 2002 and linked to Fatah movement of Yasser Arafat
al-Qa'ida
a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries
al-Rashid Trust
a terrorist group organized in 1996 after the Taliban took over Afghanistan and part of Osama bin Laden's international system; provides financial support for the Taliban and al-Qaeda and Jaish-i-Mohammed and assists Muslim militants around the world; established a network of madrasas and mosques in Afghanistan
Followers of the Phrophet
a resurgent Islamic fundamentalist organization based in Nigeria that is thought to be planning terrorist attacks
Divine Unity
an Islamic terrorist cell that originated in Jordan but operates in Germany; goal is to attack Europe and Russia with chemical weapons
al-Ummah
a terrorist group formed in India in 1992; is believed to be responsible for bombings in southern India in 1998
Supporters of Islam
a radical Islamic group of terrorists in the Iraqi part of Kurdistan who oppose an independent secular nation as advocated by the United States; some members fought with the Taliban and al-Qaeda forces in Afghanistan; said to receive financial support from Saddam Hussein
Corsican Army
a terrorist organization founded in 1999 to oppose the link between nationalists and the Corsican mafia
Armed Islamic Group
a terrorist organization of Islamic extremists whose violent activities began in 1992; aims to overthrow the secular Algerian regime and replace it with an Islamic state
Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia
a militant Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization formed in 1975 to force Turkey to acknowledge killing more than a million Armenians and forcibly removing them from border areas in 1915; wants Turkey to pay reparations and cede territory to Armenia
Army for the Liberation of Rwanda
a terrorist organization that seeks to overthrow the government dominated by Tutsi and to institute Hutu control again
Band of Partisans
an extremist Palestinian Sunni group active in Lebanon in the early 1990s that advocates Salafism; responsible for murders and bombings; seeks to overthrow the Lebanese government and control Palestinian refugee camps; funded by al-Qaeda
Aum Shinrikyo
a terrorist organization whose goal is to take over Japan and then the world; based on a religion founded in 1987 that combines elements of Buddhism with Christianity
Baader Meinhof Gang
a radical left-wing revolutionary terrorist group active in Germany from 1968 until 1977
Basque Fatherland and Liberty
a terrorist organization organized in 1959 by student activists who were dissatisfied with the moderate nationalism of the traditional Basque party; want to create an independent homeland in Spain's western Pyrenees
Black September Movement
a former Palestinian terrorist organization (now merged with Fatah Revolutionary Council) that assassinated the Prime Minister of Jordan and during the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich killed 11 Israeli athletes
Chukaku-Ha
an ultra-leftist militant group founded in 1957 from the breakup of the Japanese Communist Party; includes a covert action wing
Continuity Irish Republican Army
a terrorist organization formed in Ireland in 1994 as a clandestine armed wing of Sinn Fein
Popular Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine
a Marxist-Leninist group that believes Palestinian goals can only be achieved by revolutionary change
East Turkestan Islamic Movement
a group of Uighur Muslims fighting Chinese control of Xinjiang; declared by China in 2001 to be terrorists although there is a long history of cycles of insurgency and repression
Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Muslims
a Palestinian international terrorist organization that split from the PLO in 1974; has conducted terrorist attacks in 20 countries
Fatah Tanzim
a terrorist group organized by Yasser Arafat in 1995 as the armed wing of al-Fatah; serves a dual function of violent confrontation with Israel and serves as Arafat's unofficial militia to prevent rival Islamists from usurping leadership
First of October Antifascist Resistance Group
an armed wing of the (illegal) Communist Party of Spain; seeks to overthrow the Spanish government and replace it with a Marxist-Leninist regime
Force 17
formed in 1972 as a personal security force for Arafat and other PLO leaders; became one of PLO's elite units; has built an extensive infrastructure of terrorist cells and weapon depots in Europe while attacking Israeli targets
Forces of Umar Al-Mukhtar
a little known Palestinian group responsible for bombings and for killing Israelis; seeks to defeat Israel and liberate southern Lebanon, Palestine, and Golan Heights
Islamic Resistance Movement
a militant Islamic fundamentalist political movement that opposes peace with Israel and uses terrorism as a weapon; seeks to create an Islamic state in place of Israel; is opposed to the PLO and has become a leading perpetrator of terrorist activity in Israel; pioneered suicide bombing
Harakat ul-Jihad-I-Islami
an extremist militant group in Pakistan occupied Kashmir that seeks an Islamic government and that has had close links and fought with the Taliban in Afghanistan
Movement of Holy Warriors
an Islamic fundamentalist group in Pakistan that fought the Soviet Union in Afghanistan in the 1980s; now operates as a terrorist organization primarily in Kashmir and seeks Kashmir's accession by Pakistan
Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine
a Shiite terrorist organization with strong ties to Iran; seeks to create an Iranian fundamentalist Islamic state in Lebanon; car bombs are the signature weapon
Hizb ut-Tahrir
the most popular and feared Islamic extremist group in central Asia; advocates `pure' Islam and the creation of a worldwide Islamic state
International Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and Crusaders
a terrorist group organized by Osama bin Laden in 1998 that provided an umbrella organization for al-Qaeda and other militant groups in Egypt and Algeria and Pakistan and Bangladesh
Irish National Liberation Army
a radical terrorist group dedicated to the removal of British forces from Northern Ireland and the unification of Ireland
Provisional Irish Republican Army
a militant organization of Irish nationalists who used terrorism and guerilla warfare in an effort to drive British forces from Northern Ireland and achieve a united independent Ireland
Islamic Army of Aden-Abyan
Yemen-based terrorist group that supports al-Qaeda's goals; seeks to overthrow the Yemeni government and eliminate United States interests; responsible for bombings and kidnappings and killing western tourists in Yemen
Islamic Great Eastern Raiders-Front
a Turkish terrorist organization that claimed responsibility for bombing a British consulate and bank in Istanbul; a violent opponent of Turkey's secular government and its ties to the European Union and NATO
Islamic Group of Uzbekistan
a terrorist group of Islamic militants formed in 1996; opposes Uzbekistan's secular regime and wants to establish an Islamic state in central Asia; is a conduit for drugs from Afghanistan to central Asian countries
Army of Muhammad
a terrorist organization founded in 2000; a militant Islamic group active in Kashmir and closely aligned with al-Rashid Trust; seeks to secure release of imprisoned fellow militants by kidnappings
Jamaat ul-Fuqra
an Islamic terrorist group organized in the 1980s; seeks to purify Islam through violence; the cells in North America and the Caribbean insulate themselves from Western culture and will even attack other Muslims who they regard as heretics
Anti-Imperialist International Brigade
a terrorist group organized in 1970 to overthrow the Japanese government and monarchy and to foment world revolution; is said to have close ties with Palestinian terrorists
Jayshullah
an indigenous Islamic terrorist group in Azerbaijan that attempted to bomb the United States embassy in 1999
Malaysian Mujahidin Group
a clandestine group of southeast Asian terrorists organized in 1993 and trained by al-Qaeda; supports militant Muslims in Indonesia and the Philippines and has cells in Singapore and Malaysia and Indonesia
Jerusalem Warriors
ethnic Turkish Sunni terrorists who are linked with the Turkish Hizballah; killed a United States Air Force sergeant in 1991
Soldiers of God
an Islamic extremist group of Kurds who oppose secular control with bombings and assassinations; believed to have ties with al-Qaeda
Kahane Chai
a terrorist organization founded for Jewish defense; fights antisemitism and hopes to restore the biblical state of Israel
Association of Islamic Groups and Communities
a Turkish terrorist group of fundamentalist Muslims with ties to al-Qaeda that operates in Germany; seeks the violent overthrow of the Turkish government and the establishment of an Islamic nation modeled on Iran
Party of Democratic Kampuchea
a communist organization formed in Cambodia in 1970; became a terrorist organization in 1975 when it captured Phnom Penh and created a government that killed an estimated three million people; was defeated by Vietnamese troops but remained active until 1999
Ku Klux Klan
a secret society of white Southerners in the United States; was formed in the 19th century to resist the emancipation of slaves; used terrorist tactics to suppress Black people
Partiya Karkeran Kurdistan
a Marxist-Leninist terrorist group of Kurds trying to establish an independent Kurdish state in eastern Turkey
Lashkar-e-Jhangvi
a Sunni Muslim extremist group in Pakistan that collaborates with al-Qaeda; the armed wing of Sipah-e-Sahaba
Lashkar-e-Omar
a terrorist organization formed in Pakistan in 2002 as a coalition of extremist Islamic militant groups including Lashkar-e-Taiba and Lashkar-e-Jhangvi and Jaish-e-Muhammad and elements of al-Qaeda
Army of the Righteous
a brutal terrorist group active in Kashmir; fights against India with the goal of restoring Islamic rule of India
Holy War Warriors
a paramilitary terrorist organization of militant Muslims in Indonesia; wages a jihad against Christians in Indonesia; subscribes to the Wahhabi creed of Islam
Lautaro Faction of the United Popular Action Movement
a violent terrorist group organized in the 1980s and advocating the overthrow of the Chilean military government; leaders are mainly criminals or impoverished youths
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
a terrorist organization in Sri Lanka that began in 1970 as a student protest over the limited university access for Tamil students; currently seeks to establish an independent Tamil state called Eelam; relies on guerilla strategy including terrorist tactics that target key government and military personnel
Al-Jama'a al-Islamiyyah al-Muqatilah bi-Libya
a Libyan terrorist group organized in 1995 and aligned with al-Qaeda; seeks to radicalize the Libyan government; attempted to assassinate Qaddafi
Lord's Resistance Army
a quasi-religious rebel group in Uganda that terrorized and raped women and kidnapped children who were forced to serve in the army
Loyalist Volunteer Force
a terrorist group formed in 1996 in Northern Ireland; seeks to prevent the peace process; murders Catholics and any Protestant leaders who favor peace
Maktab al-Khidmat
a terrorist organization founded by Osama bin Laden in the 1980s to provide money and recruit fighters around the world; enlisted and transported thousands of men to Afghanistan to fight the Russians; a split in the group led bin Laden and the extremist faction of MAK to form al-Qaeda
Manuel Rodriquez Patriotic Front
a terrorist group formed in 1983 as the armed wing of the Chilean Communist Party
Moranzanist Patriotic Front
a terrorist group of radical leftists formed in the late 1980s; seeks to prevent the United States from intervening in Honduran economic and political affairs
Moro Islamic Liberation Front
a terrorist group in the southern Philippines formed in 1977 to establish an independent Islamic state for the Moros; have clashed with troops at United States bases
Mujahedeen Kompak
a militant Islamic militia that was formed in 2005 by hardliners who split from Jemaah Islamiyah
Mujahidin-e Khalq Organization
a terrorist organization formed in the 1960s by children of Iranian merchants; sought to counter the Shah of Iran's pro-western policies of modernization and opposition to communism; following a philosophy that mixes Marxism and Islam it now attacks the Islamic fundamentalists who deposed the Shah
Nestor Paz Zamora Commission
a terrorist organization in Bolivia that acts as an umbrella for numerous small indigenous subversive groups; a revival of a group with Marxist-Leninist ideologies originally established by Che Guevara in the 1960s
National Liberation Army
a Marxist terrorist group formed in 1963 by Colombian intellectuals who were inspired by the Cuban Revolution; responsible for a campaign of mass kidnappings and resistance to the government's efforts to stop the drug trade
National Liberation Front of Corsica
a terrorist group formed in 1976 to work for Corsican independence; attacks on Corsica are aimed at sabotaging public infrastructure and symbols of colonialism
New People's Army
a terrorist organization that is the militant wing of the Communist Party of the Philippines; a Maoist organization formed to overthrow the government; uses hit squads called Sparrow Units; opposes United States military presence in the Philippines
Orange Group
a terrorist group of Protestants who oppose any political settlement with Irish nationalists; a paramilitary group that attacks Catholic interests in Northern Ireland
Harakat al-Jihad al-Islami al-Filastini
a militant Palestinian terrorist group created in 1979 and committed to the creation of an Islamic state in Palestine and to the destruction of Israel; smaller and more exclusively militant that Hamas
Jabat al-Tahrir al-Filistiniyyah
a terrorist group formed in 1977 as the result of a split with the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine; became a satellite of al-Fatah; made terrorist attacks on Israel across the Lebanese border
Palestinian Hizballah
a little known Palestinian group comprised of members of Hamas and Tanzim with suspected ties to the Lebanese Hizballah; responsible for suicide bombings in Israel
Pentagon Gang
a Filipino terrorist group that broke away from the Moro Islamic Liberation Front in 2001 in order to continue terrorism and kidnapping and extortion
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine
a terrorist group of limited popularity formed in 1967 after the Six-Day War; combined Marxist-Leninist ideology with Palestinian nationalism; used terrorism to gain attention for their cause; hoped to eliminate the state of Israel
Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command
a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that conducted several attacks in western Europe
Popular Struggle Front
a terrorist group of radical Palestinians who split with al-Fatah in 1967 but now have close relations with al-Fatah; staged terrorist attacks against Israel across the Lebanese border
15 May Organization
a terrorist organization formed in 1979 by a faction of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine but disbanded in the 1980s when key members left to join a faction of al-Fatah
People against Gangsterism and Drugs
a terrorist organization in South Africa formed in 1996 to fight drug lords; evolved into a vigilante group with anti-western views closely allied with Qibla; is believed to have ties to Islamic extremists in the Middle East; is suspected of conducting bouts of urban terrorism
Puka Inti
a small but violent terrorist organization formed in Ecuador in the early 1990s; responsible for bombing several government buildings
Iz Al-Din Al-Qassam Battalions
the military arm of Hamas responsible for suicide bombings and other attacks on Israel
Qibla
a small terrorist group of Muslims in South Africa formed in the 1980s; was inspired by Ayatollah Khomeini to create an Islamic state in South Africa
Dissident Irish Republican Army
a radical terrorist group that broke away in 1997 when the mainstream Provisional IRA proposed a cease-fire; has continued terrorist activities in opposition to any peace agreement
Red Army Faction
a Marxist and Maoist terrorist organization in Germany; a network of underground guerillas who committed acts of violence in the service of the class struggle; a successor to the Baader-Meinhof Gang; became one of Europe's most feared terrorist groups; disbanded in 1998
Brigate Rosse
a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that arose out of a student protest movement in the late 1960s; wants to separate Italy from NATO and advocates violence in the service of class warfare and revolution; mostly inactive since 1989
Red Hand Defenders
a paramilitary group of Protestants in Northern Ireland that tries to prevent any political settlement with the Irish Republic; attacks interests of Catholic civilians in Northern Ireland; responsible for arson and bombing and murder
Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarios de Colombia
a powerful and wealthy terrorist organization formed in 1957 as the guerilla arm of the Colombian communist party; opposed to the United States; has strong ties to drug dealers
Revolutionary Organization 17 November
a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization in Greece that is violently opposed to imperialism and capitalism and NATO and the United States; an active terrorist group during the 1980s
Revolutionary People's Liberation Front
an extreme Marxist terrorist organization in Turkey that is opposed to NATO and the United States; attacks Turkish security and military officials
Revolutionary People's Struggle
an extreme leftist terrorist group formed in Greece in 1971 to oppose the military junta that ruled Greece from 1967 to 1974; a revolutionary group opposed to capitalism and imperialism and the United States
Revolutionary Proletarian Initiative Nuclei
a clandestine group of leftist extremists who oppose Italy's labor policies and foreign policy; responsible for bombing building in the historic center of Rome from 2000 to 2002
Revolutionary United Front
a terrorist group formed in the 1980s in Sierra Leone; seeks to overthrow the government and gain control of the diamond producing regions; responsible for attacks on civilians and children, widespread torture and murder and using children to commit atrocities; sponsored by the president of Liberia
Salafast Group for Call and Combat
an Algerian extremist Islamic offshoot of the Armed Islamic Group; now the largest and most active armed terrorist group in Algeria that seeks to overthrow the government; a major source of support and recruitment for al-Qaeda operations in Europe and northern Africa
Sendero Luminoso
a terrorist group formed in Peru in the late 1960s as a splinter group from the communist party of Peru; is among the most ruthless guerilla organizations in the world; seeks to destroy Peruvian institutions and replace them with a Maoist peasant regime; is involved in the cocaine trade
Sipah-e-Sahaba
a vicious sectarian organization in Pakistan that persecutes Shiite Muslims and collaborates with al-Qaeda to attack foreigners and to disrupt the government of Pakistan
Movement for Revenge
an organization of Muslims in India who killed Hindus in September 2002; believed to have ties with Muslim terrorists in Pakistan
Movimiento Revolucionario Tupac Anaru
a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization in Peru; was formed in 1983 to overthrow the Peruvian government and replace it with a Marxist regime; has connections with the ELN in Bolivia
Tupac Katari Guerrilla Army
a terrorist group that is the remnants of the original Bolivian insurgents trained by Che Guevara; attacks small unprotected targets such as power pylons or oil pipelines or government buildings
Turkish Hizballah
an ethnic Kurdish group of Sunni extremists formed in the late 1980s in southeastern Turkey; seeks to replace Turkey's secular regime with an Islamic state and strict shariah law; responsible for bombings and the torture and murder of Turkish and Kurdish journalists and businessmen; receives support from Iran
Ulster Defence Association
the major Protestant paramilitary group in Northern Ireland; responsible for bombing the homes of Catholics and for criminal racketeering and selling drugs
United Self-Defense Force of Colombia
a terrorist organization in Colombia formed in 1997 as an umbrella for local and regional paramilitary groups; is financed by earnings from narcotics and serves to protect the economic interests of its members
Types:
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Fighting French, Free French
a French movement during World War II that was organized in London by Charles de Gaulle to fight for the liberation of France from German control and for the restoration of the republic
art movement, artistic movement
a group of artists who agree on general principles
Boy Scouts
an international (but decentralized) movement started in 1908 in England with the goal of teaching good citizenship to boys
Civil Rights movement
movement in the United States beginning in the 1960s and led primarily by Blacks in an effort to establish the civil rights of individual Black citizens
common front
a movement in which several individuals or groups with different interests join together
cultural movement
a group of people working together to advance certain cultural goals
ecumenism, oecumenism
a movement promoting union between religions (especially between Christian churches)
falun gong
a spiritual movement that began in China in the latter half of the 20th century and is based on Buddhist and Taoist teachings and practices
political movement
a group of people working together to achieve a political goal
reform movement
a movement intended to bring about social and humanitarian reforms
religious movement
a movement intended to bring about religious reforms
Zionism, Zionist movement
a movement of world Jewry that arose late in the 19th century with the aim of creating a Jewish state in Palestine
Abstract Expressionism, action painting
a New York school of painting characterized by freely created abstractions; the first important school of American painting to develop independently of European styles
Ash Can, Ashcan school
early 20th-century United States painting; portrays realistic and sordid scenes of city life
Impressionism
a school of late 19th century French painters who pictured appearances by strokes of unmixed colors to give the impression of reflected light
Pop Art
a school of art that emerged in the United Kingdom in the 1950s and became prevalent in the United States and the United Kingdom in the 1960s; it imitated the techniques of commercial art (as the soup cans of Andy Warhol) and the styles of popular culture and the mass media
Islamism
a fundamentalist Islamic revivalist movement generally characterized by moral conservatism and the literal interpretation of the Koran and the attempt to implement Islamic values in all aspects of life
Ashcan School, Eight
a group of United States painters founded in 1907 and noted for their realistic depictions of sordid aspects of city life
pointillism
a school of painters who used a technique of painting with tiny dots of pure colors that would blend in the viewer's eye; developed by Georges Seurat and his followers late in 19th century France
PLO, Palestine Liberation Organization
a political movement uniting Palestinian Arabs in an effort to create an independent state of Palestine; when formed in 1964 it was a terrorist organization dominated by Yasser Arafat's al-Fatah; in 1968 Arafat became chairman; received recognition by the United Nations and by Arab states in 1974 as a government in exile; has played a largely political role since the creation of the Palestine National Authority
Sinn Fein
an Irish republican political movement founded in 1905 to promote independence from England and unification of Ireland; became the political branch of the Irish Republican Army
Red Guard
a radical political movement by Chinese youths who espoused Maoist principles
syndicalism
a radical political movement that advocates bringing industry and government under the control of labor unions
FTO, foreign terrorist organization, terrorist group, terrorist organization
a political movement that uses terror as a weapon to achieve its goals
art deco, deco
a style of design that was popular in the 1920s and 1930s; marked by stylized forms and geometric designs adapted to mass production
art nouveau
a French school of art and architecture popular in the 1890s; characterized by stylized natural forms and sinuous outlines of such objects as leaves and vines and flowers
avant-garde, new wave, van, vanguard
any creative group active in the innovation and application of new concepts and techniques in a given field (especially in the arts)
constructivism
an abstractionist artistic movement in Russia after World War I; industrial materials were used to construct nonrepresentational objects
suprematism
a geometric abstractionist movement originated by Kazimir Malevich in Russia that influenced constructivism
cubism
an artistic movement in France beginning in 1907 that featured surfaces of geometrical planes
dada, dadaism
a nihilistic art movement (especially in painting) that flourished in Europe early in the 20th century; based on irrationality and negation of the accepted laws of beauty
expressionism
an art movement early in the 20th century; the artist's subjective expression of inner experiences was emphasized; an inner feeling was expressed through a distorted rendition of reality
fauvism
an art movement launched in 1905 whose work was characterized by bright and nonnatural colors and simple forms; influenced the expressionists
futurism
an artistic movement in Italy around 1910 that tried to express the energy and values of the machine age
Hudson River school, romantic realism
the first coherent school of American art; active from 1825 to 1870; painted wilderness landscapes of the Hudson River valley and surrounding New England
imagism
a movement by American and English poets early in the 20th century in reaction to Victorian sentimentality; used common speech in free verse with clear concrete imagery
lake poets
English poets at the beginning of the 19th century who lived in the Lake District and were inspired by it
luminism
an artistic movement in the United States that was derived from the Hudson River school; active from 1850 to 1870; painted realistic landscapes in a style that pictured atmospheric light and the use of aerial perspective
minimal art, minimalism, reductivism
an art movement in sculpture and painting that began in the 1950s and emphasized extreme simplification of form and color
naturalism, realism
an artistic movement in 19th century France; artists and writers strove for detailed realistic and factual description
neoromanticism
an art movement based on a revival of Romanticism in art and literature
New Wave, Nouvelle Vague
an art movement in French cinema in the 1960s
secession, sezession
an Austrian school of art and architecture parallel to the French art nouveau in the 1890s
surrealism
a 20th century movement of artists and writers (developing out of dadaism) who used fantastic images and incongruous juxtapositions in order to represent unconscious thoughts and dreams
symbolism
an artistic movement in the late 19th century that tried to express abstract or mystical ideas through the symbolic use of images
Age of Reason, Enlightenment
a movement in Europe from about 1650 until 1800 that advocated the use of reason and individualism instead of tradition and established doctrine
labor, labor movement, trade union movement
an organized attempt by workers to improve their status by united action (particularly via labor unions) or the leaders of this movement
Akhbari
a religious movement by Arab Shiite Muslims in 17th century Iraq that is opposed to the Usuli
Usuli
a religious movement by Persian Shiite Muslims in 17th century Iran that is opposed to the Akhbari
Counter Reformation
the reaction of the Roman Catholic Church to the Reformation reaffirming the veneration of saints and the authority of the Pope (to which Protestants objected); many leaders were Jesuits
ecumenical movement
a movement aimed to promote understanding and cooperation among Christian churches; aimed ultimately at universal Christian unity
Gallicanism
a religious movement originating among the French Roman Catholic clergy that favored the restriction of papal control and the achievement by each nation of individual administrative autonomy of the church
Chabad, Chabad-Lubavitch, Lubavitch, Lubavitch movement
a large missionary Hasidic movement known for their hospitality, technological expertise, optimism and emphasis on religious study
Oxford movement
19th-century movement in the Church of England opposing liberal tendencies
Pietism
17th and 18th-century German movement in the Lutheran Church stressing personal piety and devotion
Protestant Reformation, Reformation
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
Taleban, Taliban
a fundamentalist Islamic militia; in 1995 the Taliban militia took over Afghanistan and in 1996 took Kabul and set up an Islamic government
Nation of Islam
a group of militant Black Americans who profess Islamic religious beliefs and advocate independence for Black Americans
humanism
the cultural movement of the Renaissance; based on classical studies
Type of:
social group
people sharing some social relation
3

n a major self-contained part of a symphony or sonata

“the second movement is slow and melodic”
Types:
intermezzo
a short movement coming between the major sections of a symphony
scherzo
a fast movement (usually in triple time)
Type of:
composition, musical composition, opus, piece, piece of music
a musical work that has been created
4

n the driving and regulating parts of a mechanism (as of a watch or clock)

“it was an expensive watch with a diamond movement
Type of:
action, action mechanism
the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism
5

n a euphemism for defecation

Synonyms:
bm, bowel movement
Type of:
defecation, laxation, shitting
the elimination of fecal waste through the anus
WORD FAMILY
USAGE EXAMPLES