message

A message is a communication or statement conveyed from one person or group to another. If you call my house phone and I’m out running an errand, you’ll be asked to “please leave a message after the beep.”

Generally transmitted verbally or in writing, a message can also be sent via a look or a gesture. In today’s world, people tend to use email to send a short message. But in ye olden days, pre-internet and when the post was faster, people relied on the art of letter writing to send a message. The noun can also have a moral or pointed implication. For instance, the story's moral message was to always tell the truth.

DEFINITIONS OF: message

1

n a communication (usually brief) that is written or spoken or signaled

“he sent a three-word message
Types:
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broadcast
message that is transmitted by radio or television
cipher, cypher
a message written in a secret code
heliogram
a message transmitted by means of the sun's rays
mail
the bags of letters and packages that are transported by the postal service
phone message, telephone message
a message transmitted by telephone
radiogram
a message transmitted by wireless telegraphy
dedication, inscription
a short message (as in a book or musical work or on a photograph) dedicating it to someone or something
telegram, wire
a message transmitted by telegraph
packet
(computer science) a message or message fragment
1st class, 1st-class mail, first class, first-class mail
mail that includes letters and postcards and packages sealed against inspection
express, express mail
mail that is distributed by a rapid and efficient system
parcel post
postal service that handles packages
bulk mail
mail consisting of large numbers of identical items (circulars or advertisements) sent to individual addresses at less than 1st-class rates and paid for in one lot
cable, cablegram, overseas telegram
a telegram sent abroad
letter telegram
a cheaper form of telegram that is sent abroad for delivery the next day
third class, third-class mail
mail consisting of printed matter qualifying for reduced postal rates
rebroadcast
a broadcast that repeated at a later time
radio broadcast
a broadcast via radio
simulcast
a broadcast that is carried simultaneously by radio and television (or by FM and AM radio)
telecast
a television broadcast
night letter
a cheaper form of telegram sent for delivery the next day
airmail
letters and packages that are transported by aircraft
air mail
mail that is sent by air transport
surface mail
mail that is sent by land or sea
registered mail, registered post
mail that is registered by the post office when sent in order to assure safe delivery
special delivery
mail that is delivered by a special carrier (for an additional charge)
newscast
a broadcast of news or commentary on the news
Type of:
communication
something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups

n what a communication that is about something is about

Synonyms:
content, subject matter, substance
Examples:
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Articles of Confederation
a written agreement ratified in 1781 by the thirteen original states; it provided a legal symbol of their union by giving the central government no coercive power over the states or their citizens
Communist Manifesto
a socialist manifesto written by Marx and Engels (1842) describing the history of the working-class movement according to their views
First Amendment
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States guaranteeing the right of free expression; includes freedom of assembly and freedom of the press and freedom of religion and freedom of speech
Fifth Amendment
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States that imposes restrictions on the government's prosecution of persons accused of crimes; mandates due process of law and prohibits self-incrimination and double jeopardy; requires just compensation if private property is taken for public use
Fourteenth Amendment
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1868; extends the guarantees of the Bill of Rights to the states as well as to the federal government
Eighteenth Amendment
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1920; prohibited the manufacture and sale of alcoholic beverages; repealed in 1932
Nineteenth Amendment
an amendment to the Constitution of the United States adopted in 1920; guarantees that no state can deny the right to vote on the basis of sex
Annunciation
(Christianity) the announcement to the Virgin Mary by the angel Gabriel of the incarnation of Christ
Parkinson's law
C. Northcote Parkinson's cynical observation that the number of subordinates in an organization will increase linearly regardless of the amount of work to be done
Parkinson's law
C. Northcote Parkinson's cynical observation that work will expand so as to fill the time available for its completion
Canterbury Tales
an uncompleted series of tales written after 1387 by Geoffrey Chaucer
Arabian Nights' Entertainment
a collection of folktales in Arabic dating from the 10th century
Hippocratic oath
an oath taken by physicians to observe medical ethics deriving from Hippocrates
Robert's Rules of Order
a book of rules for presiding over a meeting; written by Henry M. Martin in 1876 and subsequently updated through many editions
ASCII character set
(computer science) 128 characters that make up the ASCII coding scheme
Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System
relational database of the United States National Library of Medicine for the storage and retrieval of bibliographical information concerning the biomedical literature
Princeton WordNet
a machine-readable lexical database organized by meanings; developed at Princeton University
Dow-Jones Industrial Average
an indicator of stock market prices; based on the share values of 30 blue-chip stocks listed on the New York Stock Exchange
Standard and Poor's Index
a broadly based stock market index
Lateran Treaty
the agreement signed in the Lateran Palace in 1929 by Italy and the Holy See which recognized the Vatican City as a sovereign and independent papal state
North Atlantic Treaty
the treaty signed in 1949 by 12 countries that established NATO
SALT I
the first treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
SALT II
the second treaty between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics resulting from the Strategic Arms Limitation Talks
Peace of Westphalia
the peace treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War in 1648
Chemical Weapons Convention
a global treaty banning the production or acquisition or stockpiling or transfer or use of chemical weapons
Geneva Convention
an agreement first drawn up in Geneva in 1864 and later revised concerning the treatment of captured and wounded military personnel and civilians in wartime
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Missouri Compromise
an agreement in 1820 between pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions in the United States concerning the extension of slavery into new territories
Types:
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body
the central message of a communication
corker
(dated slang) a remarkable or excellent thing or person
reminder
a message that helps you remember something
petition, postulation, request
a formal message requesting something that is submitted to an authority
memorial
a written statement of facts submitted in conjunction with a petition to an authority
latent content
(psychoanalysis) hidden meaning of a fantasy or dream
subject, theme, topic
the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
aside, digression, divagation, excursus, parenthesis
a message that departs from the main subject
import, meaning, significance, signification
the message that is intended or expressed or signified
bunk, hokum, meaninglessness, nonsense, nonsensicality
a message that seems to convey no meaning
drivel, garbage
a worthless message
acknowledgement, acknowledgment
a statement acknowledging something or someone
refusal
a message refusing to accept something that is offered
info, information
a message received and understood
counsel, counseling, counselling, direction, guidance
something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
commitment, dedication
a message that makes a pledge
approval, commendation
a message expressing a favorable opinion
disapproval
the expression of disapproval
respects
(often used with `pay') a formal expression of esteem
discourtesy, disrespect
an expression of lack of respect
insertion, interpolation
a message (spoken or written) that is introduced or inserted
statement
a message that is stated or declared; a communication (oral or written) setting forth particulars or facts etc
statement
a nonverbal message
humor, humour, wit, witticism, wittiness
a message whose ingenuity or verbal skill or incongruity has the power to evoke laughter
opinion, view
a message expressing a belief about something; the expression of a belief that is held with confidence but not substantiated by positive knowledge or proof
direction, instruction
a message describing how something is to be done
proposal
something proposed (such as a plan or assumption)
offer, offering
something offered (as a proposal or bid)
entry, submission
something (manuscripts or architectural plans and models or estimates or works of art of all genres etc.) submitted for the judgment of others (as in a competition)
narration, narrative, story, tale
a message that tells the particulars of an act or occurrence or course of events; presented in writing or drama or cinema or as a radio or television program
packaging, promotion, promotional material, publicity
a message issued in behalf of some product or cause or idea or person or institution
sensationalism
subject matter that is calculated to excite and please vulgar tastes
shocker
a sensational message (in a film or play or novel)
guideline, road map
a detailed plan or explanation to guide you in setting standards or determining a course of action
tearjerker
an excessively sentimental narrative
sum-up, summary
a brief statement that presents the main points in a concise form
ammunition
information that can be used to attack or defend a claim or argument or viewpoint
factoid
something resembling a fact; unverified (often invented) information that is given credibility because it appeared in print
credits
a list of acknowledgements of those who contributed to the creation of a film (usually run at the end of the film)
application
a verbal or written request for assistance or employment or admission to a school
appeal, collection, ingathering, solicitation
request for a sum of money
receipt
an acknowledgment (usually tangible) that payment has been made
pleading
(law) a statement in legal and logical form stating something on behalf of a party to a legal proceeding
bone of contention
the subject of a dispute
precedent
a subject mentioned earlier (preceding in time)
lexical meaning
the meaning of a content word that depends on the nonlinguistic concepts it is used to express
grammatical meaning
the meaning of a word that depends on its role in a sentence; varies with inflectional form
symbolisation, symbolization
the use of symbols to convey meaning
sense, signified
the meaning of a word or expression; the way in which a word or expression or situation can be interpreted
connotation, intension
what you must know in order to determine the reference of an expression
referent
something referred to; the object of a reference
burden, core, effect, essence, gist
the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
intent, purport, spirit
the intended meaning of a communication
lesson, moral
the significance of a story or event
nicety, nuance, refinement, shade, subtlety
a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude
overtone
(usually plural) an ulterior implicit meaning or quality
point
a brief version of the essential meaning of something
absurdity, absurdness, ridiculousness
a message whose content is at variance with reason
amphigory, nonsense verse
nonsensical writing (usually verse)
balderdash, fiddle-faddle, piffle
trivial nonsense
buzzword, cant
stock phrases that have become nonsense through endless repetition
cobblers
nonsense
crock
nonsense; foolish talk
fa la, fal la
meaningless syllables in the refrain of a partsong
gibber, gibberish
unintelligible talking
incoherence, incoherency, unintelligibility
nonsense that is simply incoherent and unintelligible
jabberwocky
nonsensical language (according to Lewis Carroll)
flummery, mummery
meaningless ceremonies and flattery
empty talk, empty words, hot air, palaver, rhetoric
loud and confused and empty talk
rigamarole, rigmarole
a set of confused and meaningless statements
schmegegge, shmegegge
(Yiddish) baloney; hot air; nonsense
hooey, poppycock, stuff, stuff and nonsense
senseless talk
baloney, bilgewater, boloney, bosh, drool, humbug, taradiddle, tarradiddle, tommyrot, tosh, twaddle
pretentious or silly talk or writing
buncombe, bunk, bunkum, guff, hogwash, rot
unacceptable behavior (especially ludicrously false statements)
chickenshit
a false statement that is considered to indicate timidity or fear
applesauce, codswallop, folderol, rubbish, trash, tripe, trumpery, wish-wash
nonsensical talk or writing
pablum, pap
worthless or oversimplified ideas
farewell, word of farewell
an acknowledgment or expression of goodwill at parting
greeting, salutation
(usually plural) an acknowledgment or expression of good will (especially on meeting)
aloha, ciao
an acknowledgment that can be used to say hello or goodbye (aloha is Hawaiian and ciao is Italian)
handclasp, handshake, handshaking, shake
grasping and shaking a person's hand (as to acknowledge an introduction or to agree on a contract)
apology
an expression of regret at having caused trouble for someone
mea culpa
an acknowledgment of your error or guilt
commiseration, condolence
an expression of sympathy with another's grief
declination, regrets
a polite refusal of an invitation
misinformation
information that is incorrect
material
information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form
details, inside information
true confidential information
fact
a statement or assertion of verified information about something that is the case or has happened
data format, data formatting, format, formatting
the organization of information according to preset specifications (usually for computer processing)
gen
informal term for information
database
an organized body of related information
intelligence, news, tidings, word
information about recent and important events
news
informal information of any kind that is not previously known to someone
nuts and bolts
detailed practical information about how something works or how something can be accomplished
intelligence, intelligence information
secret information about an enemy (or potential enemy)
confirmation
information that confirms or verifies
career counseling
counseling on career opportunities
cynosure
something that provides guidance (as Polaris guides mariners)
genetic counseling
guidance for prospective parents on the likelihood of genetic disorders in their future children
marriage counseling
counseling on marital problems and disagreements
confidential information, hint, lead, steer, tip, wind
an indication of potential opportunity
insider information
important information about the plans or condition of a corporation that has not been released to the public; use for personal profit is illegal
rule
any one of a systematic body of regulations defining the way of life of members of a religious order
prescript, rule
prescribed guide for conduct or action
rubric
directions for the conduct of Christian church services (often printed in red in a prayer book)
advice
a proposal for an appropriate course of action
arcanum, secret
information known only to a special group
secret
something that should remain hidden from others (especially information that is not to be passed on)
propaganda
information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
course of study, curriculum, program, programme, syllabus
an integrated course of academic studies
news
information reported in a newspaper or news magazine
oath, swearing
a commitment to tell the truth (especially in a court of law); to lie under oath is to become subject to prosecution for perjury
affirmation
(religion) a solemn declaration that serves the same purpose as an oath (if an oath is objectionable to the person on religious or ethical grounds)
approbation
official recognition or approval
countenance, endorsement, imprimatur, indorsement, sanction, warrant
formal and explicit approval
credit, recognition
approval
connivance, secret approval, tacit consent
(law) tacit approval of someone's wrongdoing
permission
approval to do something
encouragement
the expression of approval and support
acclaim, acclamation, eclat, plaudit, plaudits
enthusiastic approval
applause, clapping, hand clapping
a demonstration of approval by clapping the hands together
cheer
a cry or shout of approval
congratulations, extolment, kudos, praise
an expression of approval and commendation
testimonial, tribute
something given or done as an expression of esteem
condemnation, disapprobation
an expression of strong disapproval; pronouncing as wrong or morally culpable
criticism, unfavorable judgment
disapproval expressed by pointing out faults or shortcomings
abuse, contumely, insult, revilement, vilification
a rude expression intended to offend or hurt
derision
contemptuous laughter
ridicule
language or behavior intended to mock or humiliate
contempt, scorn
open disrespect for a person or thing
depreciation, derogation, disparagement
a communication that belittles somebody or something
cheek, impertinence, impudence
an impudent statement
amendment
a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)
thing
a statement regarded as an object
true statement, truth
a true statement
description, verbal description
a statement that represents something in words
declaration
a statement that is emphatic and explicit (spoken or written)
announcement, annunciation, declaration, proclamation
a formal public statement
Bill of Rights
a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)
formula
a conventionalized statement expressing some fundamental principle
mathematical statement
a statement of a mathematical relation
evidence
(law) all the means by which any alleged matter of fact whose truth is investigated at judicial trial is established or disproved
bid, bidding
(bridge) the number of tricks a bridge player is willing to contract to make
word
a brief statement
account, explanation
a statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.
explanandum, explicandum
(logic) a statement of something (a fact or thing or expression) to be explained
explanans
(logic) statements that explain the explicandum; the explanatory premises
value statement
a statement of the desirability of something
representation
a statement of facts and reasons made in appealing or protesting
answer, resolution, result, solution, solvent
a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem
answer, reply, response
a statement (either spoken or written) that is made to reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation
announcement, promulgation
a public statement containing information about an event that has happened or is going to happen
forecasting, foretelling, prediction, prognostication
a statement made about the future
proposition
(logic) a statement that affirms or denies something and is either true or false
quotation
a statement of the current market price of a security or commodity
falsehood, falsity, untruth
a false statement
understatement
a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said
qualification, reservation
a statement that limits or restricts some claim
cautious statement
a statement made with careful qualifications
comment, commentary
a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material
comment, input, remark
a statement that expresses a personal opinion or belief or adds information
rhetorical question
a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered
misstatement
a statement that contains a mistake
restatement
a revised statement
agreement, understanding
the statement (oral or written) of an exchange of promises
condition, term
(usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement
jeu d'esprit
a witty comment or writing
bon mot, mot
a clever remark
esprit de l'escalier
a witty remark that occurs to you too late
bite, pungency
wit having a sharp and caustic quality
caustic remark, irony, sarcasm, satire
witty language used to convey insults or scorn
repartee
adroitness and cleverness in reply
gag, jape, jest, joke, laugh
a humorous anecdote or remark intended to provoke laughter
caricature, imitation, impersonation
a representation of a person that is exaggerated for comic effect
cartoon, sketch
a humorous or satirical drawing published in a newspaper or magazine
fun, play, sport
verbal wit or mockery (often at another's expense but not to be taken seriously)
ribaldry
ribald humor
topper
an exceedingly good witticism that surpasses all that have gone before
adverse opinion
an opinion concerning financial statements (usually based on an audit by a CPA) that the statements as a whole do not present results fairly or are not in conformity with the generally accepted accounting practices of the United States
conjecture, guess, hypothesis, speculation, supposition, surmisal, surmise
a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence
position, side
an opinion that is held in opposition to another in an argument or dispute
estimate
a statement indicating the likely cost of some job
head, question
the subject matter at issue
misdirection
incorrect directions or instructions
address, destination, name and address
written directions for finding some location; written on letters or packages that are to be delivered to that location
markup
detailed stylistic instructions for typesetting something that is to be printed; manual markup is usually written on the copy (e.g. underlining words that are to be set in italics)
prescription
directions prescribed beforehand; the action of prescribing authoritative rules or directions
formula, recipe
directions for making something
rule
directions that define the way a game or sport is to be conducted
stage direction
an instruction written as part of the script of a play
style
editorial directions to be followed in spelling and punctuation and capitalization and typographical display
chemical formula, formula
a representation of a substance using symbols for its constituent elements
read-out, readout
the information displayed or recorded on an electronic device
phylactery, tefillin
(Judaism) either of two small leather cases containing texts from the Hebrew Scriptures (known collectively as tefillin); traditionally worn (on the forehead and the left arm) by Jewish men during morning prayer
tabular matter, tabulation
information set out in tabular form
blasphemy
blasphemous language (expressing disrespect for God or for something sacred)
contract offer
offer by an employer to contract to pay an employee at a given rate
marriage offer, marriage proposal, proposal, proposal of marriage
an offer of marriage
proposition
an offer for a private bargain (especially a request for sexual favors)
counterproposal
a proposal offered as an alternative to an earlier proposal
hypothesis
a proposal intended to explain certain facts or observations
proffer, proposition, suggestion
a proposal offered for acceptance or rejection
introduction
a new proposal
re-introduction
a proposal of something previously rejected
motion, question
a formal proposal for action made to a deliberative assembly for discussion and vote
counteroffer
an offer made by someone who has rejected a prior offer
bid, tender
a formal proposal to buy at a specified price
prospectus
a formal written offer to sell securities (filed with the SEC) that sets forth a plan for a (proposed) business enterprise
tender offer
an offer to buy shares in a corporation (usually above the market price) for cash or securities or both
reward
the offer of money for helping to find a criminal or for returning lost property
rights issue, rights offering
an offering of common stock to existing shareholders who hold subscription rights or pre-emptive rights that entitle them to buy newly issued shares at a discount from the price at which they will be offered to the public later
special
a special offering (usually temporary and at a reduced price) that is featured in advertising
olive branch, peace offering
something offered to an adversary in the hope of obtaining peace
twofer
an offer of two for the price of one
filing
the entering of a legal document into the public record
demand
an urgent or peremptory request
representation
a factual statement made by one party in order to induce another party to enter into a contract
declaration
a statement of taxable goods or of dutiable properties
admission
an acknowledgment of the truth of something
skinny
confidential information about a topic or person
stuff
information in some unspecified form
report, report card
a written evaluation of a student's scholarship and deportment
tall tale
an improbable (unusual or incredible or fanciful) story
folk tale, folktale
a tale circulated by word of mouth among the common folk
sob story, sob stuff
a sentimental story (or drama) of personal distress; designed to arouse sympathy
fairy story, fairy tale, fairytale
a story about fairies; told to amuse children
nursery rhyme
a tale in rhymed verse for children
promise
a verbal commitment by one person to another agreeing to do (or not to do) something in the future
assurance
a statement intended to inspire confidence
assurance, pledge
a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something
thanks
an acknowledgment of appreciation
recital
a detailed statement giving facts and figures
keynote
the principal theme in a speech or literary work
buildup
highly favorable publicity and praise
PR, public relations
a promotion intended to create goodwill for a person or institution
blurb, endorsement, indorsement
a promotional statement (as found on the dust jackets of books)
ballyhoo, hoopla, hype, plug
blatant or sensational promotion
pitch, sales pitch, sales talk
promotion by means of an argument and demonstration
ad, advert, advertisement, advertising, advertizement, advertizing
a public promotion of some product or service
sales promotion
promotion that supplements or coordinates advertising
discouragement
the expression of opposition and disapproval
system command
a computer user's instruction (not part of a program) that calls for action by the computer's executive program
negation
a negative statement; a statement that is a refusal or denial of some other statement
Type of:
communication
something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups

v send a message to

“She messaged the committee”
Type of:
communicate, pass, pass along, pass on, put across
transmit information

v send as a message

“She messaged the final report by fax”
Type of:
communicate, pass, pass along, pass on, put across
transmit information

v send a message

“There is no messaging service at this company”
Type of:
communicate
be in verbal contact; interchange information or ideas
WORD FAMILY
USAGE EXAMPLES