Material is cloth from which clothes, curtains, or similar items can be created. If you sew your own bathing suit, it's important to make sure the material you use doesn't turn transparent when it gets wet.

The noun material can also refer to the items or substances used to create something. If you want to build a swing set, you'll need to buy materials like treated lumber, bolts, and screws. You can also use the adjective material to describe something that is worldly rather than spiritual. If you join that religious order, you are supposed to give up your material goods — even your convertible.

Primary Meanings of material

the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object
having material or physical form or substance
information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form
having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary
artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers
a person judged suitable for admission or employment
concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being
Full Definitions of material

n the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object

“coal is a hard black material
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any heavy material used to stabilize a ship or airship
bedding, bedding material, litter
material used to provide a bed for animals
the natural outer covering of food (usually removed before eating)
a substance from which another substance is formed (especially by a metabolic reaction)
atom, corpuscle, molecule, mote, particle, speck
(nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
any nuclear or chemical or biological material that can be used as a weapon of mass destruction
floc, floccule
a small loosely aggregated mass of flocculent material suspended in or precipitated from a liquid
an abbreviation for `hazardous material' used on warning signs
material such as sand or gravel used with cement and water to make concrete, mortar, or plaster
raw material, staple
material suitable for manufacture or use or finishing
a material that has been or is capable of being taken up by another substance by either absorption or adsorption
sorbent, sorbent material
a material that sorbs another substance; i.e. that has the capacity or tendency to take it up by either absorption or adsorption
a substance that exhibits diamagnetism
solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
rock, stone
material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust
adhesive, adhesive agent, adhesive material
a substance that unites or bonds surfaces together
sealing material
any substance used to seal joints or fill cracks in a porous surface
animal material
material derived from animals
any light downy material
material made by bonding together sheets of two different metals
abradant, abrasive, abrasive material
a substance that abrades or wears down
chemical, chemical substance
material produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
composite material
strong lightweight material developed in the laboratory; fibers of more than one kind are bonded together chemically
a substance that readily conducts e.g. electricity and heat
dielectric, insulator, nonconductor
a material such as glass or porcelain with negligible electrical or thermal conductivity
contaminant, contamination
a substance that contaminates
particulate, particulate matter
a small discrete mass of solid or liquid matter that remains individually dispersed in gas or liquid emissions (usually considered to be an atmospheric pollutant)
free microscopic particles of solid material
any of various elastic materials that resemble rubber (resumes its original shape when a deforming force is removed)
earth, ground
the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface
discharge, emission
a substance that is emitted or released
loose material (stone fragments and silt etc) that is worn away from rocks
waste, waste material, waste matter, waste product
any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted
fiber, fibre
a slender and greatly elongated substance capable of being spun into yarn
fill, filling
any material that fills a space or container
a lightweight material in cellular form; made by introducing gas bubbles during manufacture
material that has been homogenized (especially tissue that has been ground and mixed)
material that is high in humic acids
material with which something is impregnated
a material made of cellulose pulp derived mainly from wood or rags or certain grasses
packing, packing material, wadding
any material used especially to protect something
color, coloring material, colour, colouring material
any material used for its color
plant material, plant substance
material derived from plants
radioactive material
material that is radioactive
thickener, thickening
any material used to thicken
a black or colored powder used in a printer to develop a xerographic image
translucent substance, transparent substance
a material having the property of admitting light diffusely; a partly transparent material
the material removed by a cut made underneath
builder, detergent builder
a substance added to soaps or detergents to increase their cleansing action
vernix, vernix caseosa
a white cheeselike protective material that covers the skin of a fetus
a small mass of soft material
feather, plumage, plume
the light horny waterproof structure forming the external covering of birds
beard, byssus
tuft of strong filaments by which e.g. a mussel makes itself fast to a fixed surface
a stiff fiber (coarse hair or filament); natural or synthetic
an insulating liner in an opening through which conductors pass
one of a set of small pieces of stiff paper marked in various ways and used for playing games or for telling fortunes
small pieces or streamers of colored paper that are thrown around on festive occasions (as at a wedding)
a chemical substance that undergoes a rapid chemical change (with the production of gas) on being heated or struck
glass fiber, glass fibre, optical fiber, optical fibre
a very thin fiber made of glass that functions as a waveguide for light; used in bundles to transmit images
paint, pigment
a substance used as a coating to protect or decorate a surface (especially a mixture of pigment suspended in a liquid); dries to form a hard coating
nerve fiber, nerve fibre
a threadlike extension of a nerve cell
(biology) tiny fibers that are seen in cell division; the fibers radiate from two poles and meet at the equator in the middle
piece of paper, sheet, sheet of paper
paper used for writing or printing
bacon rind
the rind of bacon
peel, skin
the rind of a fruit or vegetable
cheese rind
the rind of a cheese
a relatively small granular particle of a substance
material resulting from the process of grinding
interplanetary dust
microscopic particles in the interplanetary medium
accumulated earth and stones deposited by a glacier
loofa, loofah, loufah sponge, luffa
the dried fibrous part of the fruit of a plant of the genus Luffa; used as a washing sponge or strainer
Cebu maguey, cantala, manila maguey
hard fiber used in making coarse twine; from Philippine agave plants
coarse leaf fiber from palmyra palms used in making brushes and brooms
stiff coarse fiber from the outer husk of a coconut
fiber of a raffia palm used as light cordage and in making hats and baskets
dross, impurity
worthless or dangerous material that should be removed
a light resilient foam of polystyrene
the raw material that is required for some industrial process
absorbent, absorbent material
a material having capacity or tendency to absorb another substance
a material that has been or is capable of being absorbed
adsorbent, adsorbent material
a material having capacity or tendency to adsorb another substance
a material that has been or is capable of being adsorbed
Cu, atomic number 29, copper
a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor
Ag, atomic number 47, silver
a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography
ader wax, earth wax, mineral wax, ozocerite, ozokerite
a waxy mineral that is a mixture of hydrocarbons and occurs in association with petroleum; some varieties are used in making ceresin and candles
a white or grey mineral consisting of lithium aluminum phosphate; a source of lithium
a mineral or mineral variety belonging to the amphibole group
amphibole group
a group of minerals with similar crystal structures containing a silicate chain and combinations of chiefly sodium and calcium and magnesium and iron and aluminum
a common complex mineral consisting of calcium fluoride phosphate or calcium chloride phosphate; a source of phosphorus
a mineral form of crystalline calcium carbonate; dimorphic with calcite
a valuable silver ore consisting of silver sulfide (Ag2S)
a rare steel-grey mineral consisting of silver and germanium and sulfur
arsenopyrite, mispickel
a silver-white or grey ore of arsenic
asphalt, mineral pitch
a dark bituminous substance found in natural beds and as residue from petroleum distillation; consists mainly of hydrocarbons
dark-green to black glassy mineral of the pyroxene group containing large amounts of aluminum and iron and magnesium
a mineral consisting of zirconium oxide
bastnaesite, bastnasite
a yellow-to-brown mineral that is a source of rare earth elements
a clay-like mineral; the chief ore of aluminum; composed of aluminum oxides and aluminum hydroxides; used as an abrasive and catalyst
the chief source of beryllium; colored transparent varieties are valued as gems
an ore of boron consisting of hydrated sodium borate; used as a flux or cleansing agent
bornite, peacock ore
a mineral consisting of sulfides of copper and iron that is found in copper deposits
a white or reddish mineral consisting of hydrous chlorides of potassium and magnesium; used as a fertilizer and as a source of potassium and magnesium
a hard heavy dark mineral that is the chief source of tin
a mineral consisting of strontium sulphate
cerussite, white lead ore
a mineral consisting of lead carbonate that is an important source of lead
chalcocite, copper glance
a heavy grey mineral that is an ore of copper
chalcopyrite, copper pyrites
a yellow copper ore (CuFeS2) made up of copper and iron sulfide
a generally green or black mineral; it occurs as a constituent of many rocks typically in the form of a flat crystal
a brownish-black mineral; the major source of chromium
a rare hard yellow green mineral consisting of beryllium aluminate in crystal form; used as a gemstone
a heavy reddish mineral consisting of mercuric sulfide; the chief source of mercury
a rare silvery-white mineral; important ore of cobalt
halite, rock salt
naturally occurring crystalline sodium chloride
coltan, columbite-tantalite
a valuable black mineral combining niobite and tantalite; used in cell phones and computer chips
a blue mineral of magnesium and iron and aluminum and silicon and oxygen; often used as a gemstone
corundom, corundum
very hard mineral used as an abrasive
a white mineral consisting of silica; found in volcanic rocks
a rare lead chromite mineral that forms bright orange crystals
Greenland spar, cryolite
a white mineral consisting of fluorides of aluminum and sodium; a source of fluorine
a mineral consisting of cuprous oxide that is a source of copper
(biochemistry) a waxy transparent material that occurs in the cuticle of plants and consists of highly polymerized esters of fatty acids
bitter spar, dolomite
a light colored mineral consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium; used as a ceramic and as fertilizer
earth color
a colored mineral used as a pigment
a hard grey-black mineral consisting of corundum and either hematite or magnetite; used as an abrasive (especially as a coating on paper)
cobalt bloom, erythrite
a reddish mineral consisting of hydrated cobalt arsenate in monoclinic crystalline form and used in coloring glass; usually found in veins bearing cobalt and arsenic
a dark mineral consisting of oxides of yttrium and erbium and tantalum and other minerals
fluor, fluorite, fluorspar
a soft mineral (calcium fluoride) that is fluorescent in ultraviolet light; chief source of fluorine
gadolinite, ytterbite
a mineral that is a source of rare earths; consists of silicates of iron and beryllium and cerium and yttrium and erbium
soft blue-grey mineral; lead sulfide; a major source of lead
any of a group of hard glassy minerals (silicates of various metals) used as gemstones and as an abrasive
a green mineral consisting of hydrated nickel magnesium silicate; a source of nickel
a rare reddish-grey mineral consisting of a copper iron germanium sulfide
white crystalline mineral consisting of aluminum hydroxide; a constituent of bauxite and a source of alumina
a green mineral consisting of hydrated silicate of potassium or iron or magnesium or aluminum; found in greensand
cadmium sulphide, greenockite
ore of cadmium; a rare yellowish mineral consisting of cadmium sulphide in crystalline form
a common white or colorless mineral (hydrated calcium sulphate) used to make cements and plasters (especially plaster of Paris)
a mineral consisting of manganese tetroxide; a source of manganese
barite, barium sulphate, barytes, heavy spar
a white or colorless mineral (BaSO4); the main source of barium
calamine, hemimorphite
a white mineral; a common ore of zinc
a weakly magnetic black mineral found in metamorphic and plutonic rocks; an iron titanium oxide in crystalline form; a source of titanium
a hard green mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate in monoclinic crystalline form; a source of jade; found principally in Burma
a white mineral consisting of magnesium sulphate and potassium chloride; a source of potassium salts; used as a fertilizer
a mineral consisting of aluminum silicate; main source of kaolin
a light soft mineral consisting of hydrated sodium borate in crystalline form; an important source of boron
a white mineral consisting of hydrous magnesium sulfate often found in salt mines
cyanite, kyanite
a grey or greenish-blue mineral consisting of aluminum silicate in crystalline form; occurs in metaphoric rock, used as a refractory
a mineral consisting of potassium magnesium double sulphate; used as a fertilizer
a white mineral consisting of magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium
a green or blue mineral used as an ore of copper and for making ornamental objects
maltha, mineral tar
a thick black tar intermediate between petroleum and asphalt
a black mineral consisting of basic manganese oxide; a source of manganese
meerschaum, sepiolite
a white clayey mineral
isinglass, mica
any of various minerals consisting of hydrous silicates of aluminum or potassium etc. that crystallize in forms that allow perfect cleavage into very thin leaves; used as dielectrics because of their resistance to electricity
a yellow mineral consisting of nickel sulfide; a minor source of nickel
a mineral resembling graphite that is valued as the chief source of molybdenum and its compounds
a reddish-brown mineral containing rare earth metals; an important source of thorium and cerium
nepheline, nephelite
a whitish mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate or potassium aluminum silicate in crystalline form; used in the manufacture of ceramics and enamels
an igneous rock consisting of nepheline and pyroxene
columbite, niobite
a black mineral that is an ore of niobium and tantalum
the mineral form of calcium nitrate
a mineral consisting of magnesium iron silicate; a source of magnesium
rare green to black mineral consisting of hydrated copper arsenate that is found in copper deposits
a translucent mineral consisting of hydrated silica of variable color; some varieties are used as gemstones
a mineral that contains metal that is valuable enough to be mined
a yellow mineral occurring in conjunction with realgar; an ore of arsenic
iridosmine, osmiridium
a hard and corrosion resistant mineral that is a natural alloy of osmium and iridium (usually containing small amounts of rhodium and platinum); used in needles and pen nibs etc.
partially carbonized vegetable matter saturated with water; can be used as a fuel when dried
a mineral (iron and nickel sulphide) that is the chief ore of nickel
magnesia, magnesium oxide, periclase
a white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase; a source of magnesium
grey or green or brown mineral similar to mica and containing aluminum and potassium sulphates
a rare mineral that is an important source of cesium
a mineral consisting of hydrated basic oxide of manganese and barium; a source of manganese
fool's gold, iron pyrite, pyrite
a common mineral (iron disulfide) that has a pale yellow color
a mineral consisting of manganese dioxide; an important source of manganese
green lead ore, pyromorphite
a mineral consisting of lead chloride and phosphate; a minor source of lead
a white or greenish aluminum silicate mineral (resembles talc)
any of a group of crystalline silicate mineral common in igneous and metamorphic rocks
magnetic pyrites, pyrrhotine, pyrrhotite
a brownish iron sulfide mineral (FeS) having weak magnetic properties
a hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form; present in most rocks (especially sandstone and granite); yellow sand is quartz with iron oxide impurities
hard metamorphic rock consisting essentially of interlocking quartz crystals
a chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemical reaction
a rare soft orange mineral consisting of arsenic sulphide; an important ore of arsenic
red clay
clay whose redness results from iron oxide
a mineral consisting of manganese carbonate; a source of manganese
a pink or red mineral consisting of crystalline manganese silicate; used as an ornamental stone
road metal
broken rock used for repairing or making roads
sedimentary rock
rock formed from consolidated clay sediments
the granitelike rocks that form the outermost layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and aluminum
rock that form the continuous lower layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and magnesium
metamorphic rock
rock altered by pressure and heat
crushed rock, gravel
rock fragments and pebbles
nitrate-bearing rock or gravel of the sodium nitrate deposits of Chile and Peru
(geology) sediment in which flat pebbles are uniformly tilted in the same direction
pumice, pumice stone
a light glass formed on the surface of some lavas; used as an abrasive
animal product
a product made from animal material
birdlime, lime
a sticky adhesive that is smeared on small branches to capture small birds
spirit gum
an adhesive solution made of gum and ether and used to attach false hair to skin
something used to bind separate particles together or facilitate adhesion to a surface
something that hardens to act as adhesive material
library paste, paste
an adhesive made from water and flour or starch; used on paper and paperboard
rubber cement
an adhesive made by dissolving unvulcanized rubber in a solvent like benzene or naphtha
sealant, sealer
a kind of sealing material that is used to form a hard coating on a porous surface (as a coat of paint or varnish used to size a surface)
used for filling cracks or holes in a surface
lute, luting
a substance for packing a joint or coating a porous surface to make it impervious to gas or liquid
Alar, daminozide
a chemical sprayed on fruit trees to regulate their growth so the entire crop can be harvested at one time
fine-grained homogeneous rock (such as basalt) containing minerals undetectable by the naked eye
an inactive substance that is a vehicle for a radioactive tracer of the same substance and that assists in its recovery after some chemical reaction
animal oil
any oil obtained from animal substances
dentin, dentine
a calcareous material harder and denser than bone that comprises the bulk of a tooth
bone, osseous tissue
the porous calcified substance from which bones are made
the material (mostly keratin) that covers the horns of ungulates and forms hooves and claws and nails
the material that forms the hard outer covering of many animals
art paper
a high-quality paper (usually having a filler of china clay)
mineral wool, rock wool
a light fibrous material used as an insulator
bacteriacide, bactericide
any chemical agent that destroys bacteria
blotter, blotting paper
absorbent paper used to dry ink
blueprint paper
sensitized paper used to make blueprints
animal fat
any fat obtained from animals
carbon, carbon paper
a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper
carbon tetrahalide
compounds composed of 1 carbon and 4 halogen molecules
an abrasive composed of silicon carbide crystals
cardboard, composition board
a stiff moderately thick paper
cartridge paper
paper for making cartridge cases
a minor chemical constituent that gives a wine or liquor its distinctive character
steel wool, wire wool
a mass of woven steel fibers used as an abrasive
any of various materials used by dentists to fill cavities in teeth
a small piece of paper that is supposed to be removed when a hole is punched in a card or paper tape
chaff, husk, shuck, stalk, straw, stubble
material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds
a microscopic particle of triglycerides produced in the intestines during digestion; in the bloodstream they release their fatty acids into the blood
fine-grained rock consisting of compacted clay particles
brown coal, lignite, wood coal
intermediate between peat and bituminous coal
chemical compound, compound
(chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
computer paper
paper folded to permit continuous printing controlled by a computer
construction paper
paper suitable for drawing and making cutouts
semiconducting material, semiconductor
a substance as germanium or silicon whose electrical conductivity is intermediate between that of a metal and an insulator; its conductivity increases with temperature and in the presence of impurities
glass wool
glass fibers spun and massed into bundles resembling wool
outer bark of the cork oak; used for stoppers for bottles etc.
crepe, crepe paper
paper with a crinkled texture; usually colored and used for decorations
exhaust, exhaust fumes, fumes
gases ejected from an engine as waste products
a kind of sedimentary rock resembling marble or limestone but rich in magnesium carbonate
drawing paper
paper that is specially prepared for use in drafting
fine powdery material such as dry earth or pollen that can be blown about in the air
diatomaceous earth, diatomite, kieselguhr
a light soil consisting of siliceous diatom remains and often used as a filtering material
a deposit of clay and disintegrating rock that is found in its original place
dirt, soil
the part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock
soil conditioner
a chemical substance used to improve the structure of the soil and increase its porosity
emery cloth
cloth covered with powdered emery
emery paper, sandpaper
stiff paper coated with powdered emery or sand
emery rock, emery stone
a mixture of emery dust and a binder; can be molded into grindstones
exudate, exudation
a substance that oozes out from plant pores
transudate, transudation
a substance that transudes
a foul-smelling outflow or vapor (especially a gaseous waste)
a watery discharge from the mucous membranes (especially from the eyes or nose)
vaginal discharge
discharge of secretions from the cervical glands of the vagina; normally clear or white
body waste, excrement, excreta, excretion, excretory product
waste matter (as urine or sweat but especially feces) discharged from the body
crud, filth, skank
any substance considered disgustingly foul or unpleasant
sewage, sewerage
waste matter carried away in sewers or drains
effluent, sewer water, wastewater
water mixed with waste matter
food waste, garbage, refuse, scraps
food that is discarded (as from a kitchen)
waste matter that contaminates the water or air or soil
rubbish, scrap, trash
worthless material that is to be disposed of
(usually plural) waste water from a kitchen or bathroom or chamber pot that has to be emptied by hand
toxic industrial waste, toxic waste
poisonous waste materials; can cause injury (especially by chemical means)
fertiliser, fertilizer, plant food
any substance such as manure or a mixture of nitrates used to make soil more fertile
a substance added to molten metals to bond with impurities that can then be readily removed
conglomerate, pudding stone
a composite rock made up of particles of varying size
a tough piece of fiber in vegetables, meat, or other food (especially the tough fibers connecting the two halves of a bean pod)
fibril, filament, strand
a very slender natural or synthetic fiber
stone that occurs naturally in fields; often used as building material
filter paper
a porous unsized paper used for filtering
a tiny dark speck made by the excrement of a fly
paper that is poisoned or coated with a sticky substance to kill flies
foam rubber
spongy rubber; made by introducing air bubbles before vulcanization and used for cushioning or upholstery
a chemical substance used in fumigation
graph paper
paper that has lines to permit drawing graphs
greaseproof paper
paper that is impermeable to oil or grease; used in cooking
a granitic rock composed of quartz and mica
herbicide, weed killer, weedkiller
a chemical agent that destroys plants or inhibits their growth
hyalin, hyaline
a glassy translucent substance that occurs in hyaline cartilage or in certain skin conditions
identification particle
a tiny particle of material that can be added to a product to indicate the source of manufacture
(chemistry) a substance that changes color to indicate the presence of some ion or substance; can be used to indicate the completion of a chemical reaction or (in medicine) to test for a particular reaction
a substance formed during a chemical process before the desired product is obtained
a component of a mixture that has been separated by a fractional process
a chemical used to kill larval pests
calc-tufa, tufa
a soft porous rock consisting of calcium carbonate deposited from springs rich in lime
molten rock in the earth's crust
igneous rock
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
linen, linen paper
a high-quality paper made of linen fibers or with a linen finish
a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals
fine ravellings of cotton or linen fibers
litmus paper
unsized paper treated with litmus for use as an acid-base indicator
manifold, manifold paper
a lightweight paper used with carbon paper to make multiple copies
manila, manila paper, manilla, manilla paper
a strong paper or thin cardboard with a smooth light brown finish made from e.g. Manila hemp
a hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish; used for sculpture and as building material
(geology) amass of fine-grained rock in which fossils, crystals, or gems are embedded
a substance used to treat leather or other materials before dyeing; aids in dyeing process
music paper, score paper
paper with lines appropriate for writing music
man-made fiber, synthetic fiber
fiber created from natural materials or by chemical processes
natural fiber, natural fibre
fiber derived from plants or animals
newspaper, newsprint
cheap paper made from wood pulp and used for printing newspapers
loose hemp or jute fiber obtained by unravelling old ropes; when impregnated with tar it was used to caulk seams and pack joints in wooden ships
paper that has been made translucent and waterproof by soaking in oil
india paper
a thin tough opaque paper used in fine books
pad, pad of paper, tablet
a number of sheets of paper fastened together along one edge
paper tape
a long narrow strip of paper
paper toweling
absorbent paper used as toweling
paper-mache, papier-mache
a substance made from paper pulp that can be molded when wet and painted when dry
paper made from the papyrus plant by cutting it in strips and pressing it flat; used by ancient Egyptians and Greeks and Romans
a superior paper resembling sheepskin
rice paper
a thin delicate material resembling paper; made from the rice-paper tree
roofing paper, tar paper
a heavy paper impregnated with tar and used as part of a roof for waterproofing
ticker tape
a continuous thin ribbon of paper on which stock quotes are written
excelsior, wood shavings
thin curly wood shavings used for packing or stuffing
a chemical used to kill pests (as rodents or insects)
a chemical substance obtained from plants that is biologically active but not nutritive
dye, dyestuff
a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair
a substances that colors metals
a reddish coloring material found in some algae
dry coloring material (especially a powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint, etc.)
any substance whose presence in plant or animal tissues produces a characteristic color
plant product
a product made from plant material
a chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
radioactive waste
useless radioactive materials that are left after some laboratory or commercial process is completed
raveling, ravelling
a bit of fiber that has become separated from woven fabric
a chemical that is added to a photographic developer in order to retard development and reduce the amount of fog on a film
a mineral consisting of titanium dioxide in crystalline form; occurs in metamorphic and plutonic rocks and is a major source of titanium
a complex black mineral occurring in pegmatites
a rare light blue or green mineral; consists of aluminum and magnesium silicate and occurs as small grains in some metamorphic rocks
a mineral used as an ore of tungsten
humic shale
shale that is rich in humic acids
a grey mineral consisting of cobalt arsenide and nickel; an important source of cobalt and nickel
a vitreous mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate and sodium chloride in crystalline form; occurs in igneous rocks
sodium pyrophosphate, tetrasodium pyrophosphate
a sodium salt of pyrophosphoric acid used as a builder in soaps and detergents
sodium tripolyphosphate
a sodium salt of triphosphoric acid used as a builder in soaps and detergents
any of various nonmetallic minerals (calcite or feldspar) that are light in color and transparent or translucent and cleavable
a hard glassy mineral consisting of an oxide of magnesium and aluminum; occurs in various colors that are used as gemstones
a pyroxene mineral consisting of lithium aluminum silicate; a source of lithium
a chemical that is added to a solution or mixture or suspension to maintain it in a stable or unchanging state
(microscopy) a dye or other coloring material that is used in microscopy to make structures visible
stannite, tin pyrites
a dark grey mineral with a metallic luster that is a source of tin
a substance added to another to make it less hard
a soft grey mineral; the chief ore of antimony
a mineral consisting of strontium carbonate
vegetable tallow
a waxy fat obtained from certain plants (e.g. bayberry) and used as tallow
graphic tellurium, sylvanite
a silver-white mineral consisting of silver gold telluride; a source of gold in Australia and America
sylvine, sylvite
a mineral consisting of native potassium chloride; an important ore of potassium that is found in sedimentary beds
talc, talcum
a fine grained mineral having a soft soapy feel and consisting of hydrated magnesium silicate; used in a variety of products including talcum powder
a mineral consisting of tantalum oxide of iron and manganese that occurs with niobite or in coarse granite; an ore of tantalum
a radioactive mineral consisting of thorium silicate; it is a source of thorium that is found in coarse granite
a mineral consisting of scandium yttrium silicate; a source of scandium
tissue, tissue paper
a soft thin (usually translucent) paper
a mineral (fluosilicate of aluminum) that occurs in crystals of various colors and is used as a gemstone
a mineral that is a complex borosilicate and hydroxide of aluminum containing iron and magnesium and calcium and lithium and sodium; it is usually black but occurs in transparent colored forms that are used as gemstones
tracing paper
a semitransparent paper that is used for tracing drawings
transfer paper
a paper that is coated with a preparation for transferring a design to another surface
a mineral form of silica
tribasic sodium phosphate, trisodium orthophosphate, trisodium phosphate
the tertiary phosphate of sodium used as a builder in soaps and detergents
a blue to grey green mineral consisting of copper aluminum phosphate
a mineral consisting of chloride and vanadate of lead; a source of vanadium
any of a group of yellow or brown hydrous silicate minerals having a micaceous structure
idocrase, vesuvian, vesuvianite
a green or yellow or brown mineral consisting of a hydrated silicate; it occurs as crystals in limestone and is used a gemstone
a decorative paper for the walls of rooms
waste paper
paper discarded after use
wax paper
paper that has been waterproofed by treatment with wax or paraffin
the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
iron manganese tungsten, wolframite
a mineral consisting of iron and manganese tungstate in crystalline form; the principal ore of tungsten; found in quartz veins associated with granitic rocks
a white or greyish mineral typically found in metamorphic limestone; a silicate of calcium
wrapping paper
a tough paper used for wrapping
writing paper
paper material made into thin sheets that are sized to take ink; used for writing correspondence and manuscripts
a yellow to orange or brown mineral used as a molybdenum ore
a brownish-black mineral consisting of zinc sulfide
a brown-to-yellow mineral that is a phosphate of yttrium in crystalline form
any of a family of glassy minerals analogous to feldspar containing hydrated aluminum silicates of calcium or sodium or potassium; formed in cavities in lava flows and in plutonic rocks
blende, sphalerite, zinc blende
an ore that is the chief source of zinc; consists largely of zinc sulfide in crystalline form
a steel grey metallic mineral (a sulphide of lead and antimony)
zircon, zirconium silicate
a common mineral occurring in small crystals; chief source of zirconium; used as a refractory when opaque and as a gem when transparent
Type of:
the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists

n things needed for doing or making something

“writing materials
“useful teaching materials
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material used to make packages
material for making rails or rails collectively
material used to construct a roof
blister pack, bubble pack
packaging in which a product is sealed between a cardboard backing and clear plastic cover
Type of:
an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service

adj having material or physical form or substance

having a body or a body of a specified kind; often used in combination
having or relating to a physical material body
bodied, corporal, corporate, embodied, incarnate
possessing or existing in bodily form
having a new body
immaterial, incorporeal
without material form or substance
having no body
bodiless, discorporate, disembodied, unbodied, unembodied
not having a material body
lacking material body or form or substance
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adj derived from or composed of matter

“the material universe”
real, substantial
having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary
having substance or material existence; perceptible to the senses
concerned with material things
immaterial, nonmaterial
not consisting of matter
insubstantial, unreal, unsubstantial
lacking material form or substance; unreal
intangible, nonphysical
lacking substance or reality; incapable of being touched or seen
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n information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form

“the archives provided rich material for a definitive biography”
old material that is slightly reworked and used again
material suitable for a journalistic account
Type of:
info, information
a message received and understood

adj having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary

real, substantial
insubstantial, unreal, unsubstantial
lacking material form or substance; unreal
aerial, aeriform, aery, airy, ethereal
characterized by lightness and insubstantiality; as impalpable or intangible as air
shadowy, wraithlike
lacking in substance
consisting of or containing string or strings
immaterial, nonmaterial
not consisting of matter
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adj directly relevant to a matter especially a law case

“his support made a material difference”
“evidence material to the issue at hand”
“facts likely to influence the judgment are called material facts”
“a material witness”
having crucial relevance
of no importance or relevance especially to a law case

n artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers

“she measured off enough material for a dress”
cloth, fabric, textile
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a fabric woven from goat hair and camel hair
a synthetic fabric
a trademark for a loosely woven cotton fabric that is used to make shirts and underwear
a thin glossy fabric made of the wool of the Lama pacos, or made of a rayon or cotton imitation of that wool
a bright green fabric napped to resemble felt; used to cover gaming tables
basket weave
a cloth woven of two or more threads interlaced to suggest the weave of a basket
a dyed fabric; a removable wax is used where the dye is not wanted
a thin plain-weave cotton or linen fabric; used for shirts or dresses
the material of which belts are made
a twilled fabric used for dresses; the warp is silk and the weft is worsted
a fabric of uneven yarn that has an uneven knobby effect
a closely woven silk or synthetic fabric with a narrow crosswise rib
a densely textured woolen fabric with a lustrous finish
thick heavy expensive material with a raised pattern
a coarse cotton fabric stiffened with glue; used in bookbinding and to stiffen clothing
a loosely woven fabric used for flags, etc.
coarse cloth with a bright print
a finely woven white linen
camel's hair, camelhair
a soft tan cloth made with the hair of a camel
a fabric of Asian origin; originally made of silk and camel's hair
camo, camouflage
fabric dyed with splotches of green and brown and black and tan; intended to make the wearer of a garment made of this fabric hard to distinguish from the background
the umbrellalike part of a parachute that fills with air
canvas, canvass
a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents)
a soft fabric made from the wool of the Cashmere goat
a waterproof waxed cloth once used as a shroud
a soft lightweight fabric (usually printed)
a lightweight fabric woven with white threads across a colored warp
a heavy fabric woven with chenille cord; used in rugs and bedspreads
a sheer fabric of silk or rayon
a coarse twilled cotton fabric frequently used for uniforms
a brightly printed and glazed cotton fabric
a heavy fabric suitable for coats
a fabric so delicate and transparent as to resemble a web of a spider
cord, corduroy
a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton
fabric woven from cotton fibers
Canton flannel, cotton flannel
a stout cotton fabric with nap on only one side
crape, crepe
a soft thin light fabric with a crinkled surface
an unglazed heavy fabric; brightly printed; used for slipcovers and draperies
a stiff coarse fabric used to stiffen hats or clothing
a fabric of linen or cotton or silk or wool with a reversible pattern woven into it
denim, dungaree, jean
a coarse durable twill-weave cotton fabric
fabric covered with glittering ornaments such as sequins or rhinestones
a fabric (usually cotton or linen) with a distinctive woven pattern of small repeated figures
a strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedcovers and curtains
a fine smooth soft woolen fabric
cloth gracefully draped and arranged in loose folds
a heavy cotton fabric of plain weave; used for clothing and tents
duffel, duffle
a coarse heavy woolen fabric
a fabric made of yarns containing an elastic material
etamin, etamine
a soft cotton or worsted fabric with an open mesh; used for curtains or clothing etc.
a ribbed woven fabric of silk or rayon or cotton
a fabric made of compressed matted animal fibers
fiber, fibre, vulcanized fiber
a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth
a soft light woolen fabric; used for clothing
a cotton fabric imitating flannel
a soft bulky fabric with deep pile; used chiefly for clothing
a light plain-weave or twill-weave silk or silklike fabric (usually with a printed design)
a heavy woolen fabric with a long nap
a strong cotton and linen fabric with a slight nap
a firm durable fabric with a twill weave
a thin silk dress material
a clothing fabric in a plaid weave
a coarse fabric of silk mixed with wool or mohair and often stiffened with gum
a silk or silklike fabric with crosswise ribs
hair, haircloth
cloth woven from horsehair or camelhair; used for upholstery or stiffening in garments
a twilled fabric with a herringbone pattern
a rough loosely woven fabric originally made with yarn that was spun at home
hopsack, hopsacking
a loosely woven coarse fabric of cotton or linen; used in clothing
a fabric made from fibers taken from the mane or tail of horses; used for upholstery
a lightweight cotton cloth with a smooth and slightly stiff finish; used for clothing and bandages
a highly figured fabric woven on a Jacquard loom
khaddar, khadi
a coarse homespun cotton cloth made in India
a sturdy twilled cloth of a yellowish brown color used especially for military uniforms
a fabric made by knitting
a delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns
a fabric interwoven with threads of metal
imitation leather, leatherette
fabric made to look like leather
a fabric woven with fibers from the flax plant
a rough fabric of linen warp and wool or cotton woof
cotton or linen fabric with the nap raised on one side; used to dress wounds
a fabric woven with lisle thread
a heavy woolen cloth heavily napped and felted, often with a plaid design
macintosh, mackintosh
a lightweight waterproof (usually rubberized) fabric
a light patterned cotton cloth
strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedspreads
a fabric made of a yarn that is partly or entirely of metal
fabric made with yarn made from the silky hair of the Angora goat
moire, watered-silk
silk fabric with a wavy surface pattern
a durable cotton fabric with a velvety nap
monk's cloth
a heavy cloth in basket weave
a thick velvety synthetic fabric used for carpets and soft upholstery
a heavy fabric of wool (or wool and cotton) used mostly in upholstery or for curtains
a multicolored woolen fabric woven of mixed threads in 14th to 17th century England
mousseline de sole
a gauze-like fabric of silk or rayon
plain-woven cotton fabric
a durable fabric formerly loomed by hand in China from natural cotton having a yellowish color
mesh, meshing, meshwork, net, network
an open fabric of string or rope or wire woven together at regular intervals
a fine strong sheer silky fabric made of silk or rayon or nylon
a synthetic fabric
cloth treated on one side with a drying oil or synthetic resin
olive drab
a cloth of an olive-brown color used for military uniforms
a fabric made of silk or a silklike fabric that resembles organdy
a soft wool fabric with a colorful swirled pattern of curved shapes
panting, trousering
any fabric used to make trousers
a fabric woven with flecks of light and dark
a fine closely woven cotton fabric
durable press, permanent press
a fabric that has been chemically processed to resist wrinkles and hold its shape
piece of cloth, piece of material
a separate part consisting of fabric
pilot cloth
a thick blue cloth used to make overcoats and coats for sailors etc
a fabric with very thin stripes
tightly woven fabric with raised cords
a fabric with a nap that is longer and softer than velvet
any of a large class of synthetic fabrics
a soft thin cloth woven from raw silk (or an imitation)
a ribbed fabric used in clothing and upholstery
a fabric with a dyed pattern pressed onto it (usually by engraved rollers)
a material used for making a quilt, or a quilted fabric
a synthetic silklike fabric
rep, repp
a fabric with prominent rounded crosswise ribs
a coarse cloth resembling sacking
bagging, sacking
coarse fabric used for bags or sacks
a strong fabric (such as cotton canvas) used for making sails and tents
a heavy silk fabric (often woven with silver or gold threads); used to make clothing in the Middle Ages
a cotton fabric with a satiny finish
a smooth fabric of silk or rayon; has a glossy face and a dull back
satinet, satinette
a fabric with a finish resembling satin but made partly or wholly from cotton or synthetic fiber
fabric of metal or plastic mesh
a firm open-weave fabric used for a curtain in the theater
a light puckered fabric (usually striped)
a twilled woolen fabric
a fabric with long coarse nap
a heavy silk fabric with a rough surface (or a cotton imitation)
a smooth crisp fabric
fabric from which bed sheets are made
any of various fabrics used to make men's shirts
fabric forming the tail of a shirt
a sturdy twill-weave cotton fabric; used for pockets and linings
a fabric made from the fine threads produced by certain insect larvae
an elastic synthetic fabric
sponge cloth
any soft porous fabric (especially in a loose honeycomb weave)
a coarse woolen cloth formerly used for undergarments and usually dyed bright red
suede, suede cloth
a fabric made to resemble suede leather
a fabric used for suits
swan's down
soft woolen fabric used especially for baby clothes
a crisp smooth lustrous fabric
plain-woven (often glazed) fabric of wool or wool and cotton used especially formerly for linings and garments and curtains
tapa, tappa
a paperlike cloth made in the South Pacific by pounding tapa bark
tapestry, tapis
a heavy textile with a woven design; used for curtains and upholstery
plaid, tartan
a cloth having a crisscross design
terry, terry cloth, terrycloth
a pile fabric (usually cotton) with uncut loops on both sides; used to make bath towels and bath robes
a strong fabric used for mattress and pillow covers
toweling, towelling
any of various fabrics (linen or cotton) used to make towels
thick woolen fabric used for clothing; originated in Scotland
a cloth with parallel diagonal lines or ribs
upholstery material
the fabric used in upholstering
nylon fabric used as a fastening
velour, velours
heavy fabric that resembles velvet
a silky densely piled fabric with a plain back
a usually cotton fabric with a short pile imitating velvet
a soft wool fabric made from the fleece of the vicuna
a fabric made from a twilled mixture of cotton and wool
a light semitransparent fabric
a fabric treated to be easily washable and to require no ironing
any fabric impervious to water
a fabric (especially a fabric in the process of being woven)
a strong fabric woven in strips
a strong worsted or cotton fabric with a diagonal rib
a plain or twilled fabric of wool and cotton used especially for warm shirts or skirts and pajamas
wire cloth
fabric woven of metallic wire
wool, woolen, woollen
a fabric made from the hair of sheep
a woolen fabric with a hard textured surface and no nap; woven of worsted yarns "he wore a worsted suit"
fabric comprising a fitted part at the top of a garment
pina cloth
a fine cloth made from pineapple fibers
acetate, acetate rayon
a fabric made from fibers of cellulose acetate
a cotton knit fabric used for underwear
Bedford cord
a heavy corded fabric similar to corduroy; used for clothing
top part of an apron; covering the chest
Brussels lace
fine lace with a raised or applique design
burlap, gunny
coarse jute fabric
Canton crepe
a soft thick crinkled dress crepe; heavier than crepe de Chine
chamois cloth
a piece of chamois used for washing windows or cars
chicken wire
a galvanized wire network with a hexagonal mesh; used to build fences
a thick twilled fabric of wool and cotton
an acrylic fabric resembling wool
crepe de Chine
a very thin crepe of silk or silklike fabric
Dacron, Terylene
a kind of polyester fabric
dishcloth, dishrag
a cloth for washing dishes
double knit
a knit fabric similar to jersey that is made with two sets of needles producing a double thickness joined by interlocking stitches
drop cloth
a large piece of cloth laid over the floor or furniture while a room is being painted
dustcloth, duster, dustrag
a piece of cloth used for dusting
dust cover, dust sheet
a large piece of cloth used to cover furniture that is not in use for a long period
end, oddment, remainder, remnant
a piece of cloth that is left over after the rest has been used or sold
lace having a square mesh
gauze, netting, veiling
a net of transparent fabric with a loose open weave
gauze, gauze bandage
(medicine) bleached cotton cloth of plain weave used for bandages and dressings
gore, panel
a piece of cloth that is generally triangular or tapering; used in making garments or umbrellas or sails
ground cloth, groundsheet
a waterproofed piece of cloth spread on the ground (as under a tent) to protect from moisture
a piece of starched cloth covering the shoulders of a nun's habit
gusset, inset
a piece of material used to strengthen or enlarge a garment
a small net that some women wear over their hair to keep it in place
handkerchief, hankey, hankie, hanky
a square piece of cloth used for wiping the eyes or nose or as a costume accessory
Harris Tweed
a loosely woven tweed made in the Outer Hebrides
huck, huckaback
toweling consisting of coarse absorbent cotton or linen fabric
a slightly elastic machine-knit fabric
liner, lining
a piece of cloth that is used as the inside surface of a garment
longyi, lungi, lungyi
a long piece of brightly colored cloth (cotton or silk) used as clothing (a skirt or loincloth or sash etc.) in India and Pakistan and Burma
a relatively coarse lace; made by weaving and knotting cords
crepe marocain, marocain
a dress crepe; similar to Canton crepe
a soft lightweight muslin used especially for babies
narrow wale
corduroy with narrow ribs
organdie, organdy
a sheer stiff muslin
an acrylic fiber or the lightweight crease-resistant fabric made with Orlon yarns
a piece of cloth used as decoration or to mend or cover a hole
bobbin lace, pillow lace
a handmade lace worked on a pillow with threads wound on bobbins; the pattern is marked out on the pillow by pins
a piece of cloth sewn under an opening
needlepoint, point lace
lace worked with a needle in a buttonhole stitch on a paper pattern
rag, shred, tag, tag end, tatter
a small piece of cloth or paper
a net or mesh foundation for lace
a reddish brown homespun fabric
safety net
a large strong net to catch circus acrobats who fall or jump from a trapeze
canvas, canvass, sail, sheet
a large piece of fabric (usually canvas fabric) by means of which wind is used to propel a sailing vessel
sarcenet, sarsenet
a fine soft silk fabric often used for linings
a net hung between ship and pier while loading a ship
an ornamental net in the shape of a bag that confines a woman's hair; pins or ties at the back of the head
spark arrester, sparker
a wire net to stop sparks from an open fireplace or smokestack
stockinet, stockinette
knit used especially for infants' wear and undergarments
a sample piece of cloth
tarp, tarpaulin
waterproofed canvas
a rectangular piece of absorbent cloth (or paper) for drying or wiping
piece of cloth forming the long back section of a gown that is drawn along the floor
a knitted fabric or one resembling knitting
a detachable yoke of linen or lace worn over the breast of a low-cut dress
a fine (often starched) net used for veils or tutus or gowns
a synthetic suede cloth
viscose, viscose rayon
a rayon fabric made from viscose (cellulose xanthate) fibers
wide wale
corduroy with wide ribs
cotton flannelette with a nap on both sides
grillwork, wirework
mesh netting made of wires
Type of:
artefact, artifact
a man-made object taken as a whole

n a person judged suitable for admission or employment

“he was university material
“she was vice-presidential material
Type of:
applicant, applier
a person who requests or seeks something such as assistance or employment or admission

adj concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being

material needs”
“"the moral and material welfare of all good citizens"- T.Roosevelt”
involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit

adj concerned with worldly rather than spiritual interests

material possessions”
material wealth”
material comforts”
secular, temporal, worldly
characteristic of or devoted to the temporal world as opposed to the spiritual world