material

Material is cloth from which clothes, curtains, or similar items can be created. If you sew your own bathing suit, it's important to make sure the material you use doesn't turn transparent when it gets wet.

The noun material can also refer to the items or substances used to create something. If you want to build a swing set, you'll need to buy materials like treated lumber, bolts, and screws. You can also use the adjective material to describe something that is worldly rather than spiritual. If you join that religious order, you are supposed to give up your material goods — even your convertible.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: material

1
nadj
the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object
having material or physical form or substance
2
nadj
information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form
having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary
3
n
artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers
4
n
a person judged suitable for admission or employment
5
adj
concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: material
1

n the tangible substance that goes into the makeup of a physical object

“coal is a hard black material
Synonyms:
stuff
Types:
show 376 types...
hide 376 types...
ballast
any heavy material used to stabilize a ship or airship
bedding, bedding material, litter
material used to provide a bed for animals
rind
the natural outer covering of food (usually removed before eating)
precursor
a substance from which another substance is formed (especially by a metabolic reaction)
atom, corpuscle, molecule, mote, particle, speck
(nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
ammunition
any nuclear or chemical or biological material that can be used as a weapon of mass destruction
floc, floccule
a small loosely aggregated mass of flocculent material suspended in or precipitated from a liquid
HAZMAT
an abbreviation for `hazardous material' used on warning signs
aggregate
material such as sand or gravel used with cement and water to make concrete, mortar, or plaster
raw material, staple
material suitable for manufacture or use or finishing
sorbate
a material that has been or is capable of being taken up by another substance by either absorption or adsorption
sorbent, sorbent material
a material that sorbs another substance; i.e. that has the capacity or tendency to take it up by either absorption or adsorption
diamagnet
a substance that exhibits diamagnetism
mineral
solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
rock, stone
material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust
adhesive, adhesive agent, adhesive material
a substance that unites or bonds surfaces together
sealing material
any substance used to seal joints or fill cracks in a porous surface
animal material
material derived from animals
fluff
any light downy material
bimetal
material made by bonding together sheets of two different metals
abradant, abrasive, abrasive material
a substance that abrades or wears down
chemical, chemical substance
material produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
composite material
strong lightweight material developed in the laboratory; fibers of more than one kind are bonded together chemically
conductor
a substance that readily conducts e.g. electricity and heat
dielectric, insulator, nonconductor
a material such as glass or porcelain with negligible electrical or thermal conductivity
contaminant, contamination
a substance that contaminates
particulate, particulate matter
a small discrete mass of solid or liquid matter that remains individually dispersed in gas or liquid emissions (usually considered to be an atmospheric pollutant)
dust
free microscopic particles of solid material
elastomer
any of various elastic materials that resemble rubber (resumes its original shape when a deforming force is removed)
earth, ground
the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface
discharge, emission
a substance that is emitted or released
detritus
loose material (stone fragments and silt etc) that is worn away from rocks
waste, waste material, waste matter, waste product
any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted
fiber, fibre
a slender and greatly elongated substance capable of being spun into yarn
fill, filling
any material that fills a space or container
foam
a lightweight material in cellular form; made by introducing gas bubbles during manufacture
homogenate
material that has been homogenized (especially tissue that has been ground and mixed)
humate
material that is high in humic acids
impregnation
material with which something is impregnated
paper
a material made of cellulose pulp derived mainly from wood or rags or certain grasses
packing, packing material, wadding
any material used especially to protect something
color, coloring material, colour, colouring material
any material used for its color
plant material, plant substance
material derived from plants
radioactive material
material that is radioactive
thickener, thickening
any material used to thicken
toner
a black or colored powder used in a printer to develop a xerographic image
translucent substance, transparent substance
a material having the property of admitting light diffusely; a partly transparent material
undercut
the material removed by a cut made underneath
builder, detergent builder
a substance added to soaps or detergents to increase their cleansing action
vernix, vernix caseosa
a white cheeselike protective material that covers the skin of a fetus
wad
a small mass of soft material
feather, plumage, plume
the light horny waterproof structure forming the external covering of birds
beard, byssus
tuft of strong filaments by which e.g. a mussel makes itself fast to a fixed surface
bristle
a stiff fiber (coarse hair or filament); natural or synthetic
bushing
an insulating liner in an opening through which conductors pass
card
one of a set of small pieces of stiff paper marked in various ways and used for playing games or for telling fortunes
confetti
small pieces or streamers of colored paper that are thrown around on festive occasions (as at a wedding)
explosive
a chemical substance that undergoes a rapid chemical change (with the production of gas) on being heated or struck
glass fiber, glass fibre, optical fiber, optical fibre
a very thin fiber made of glass that functions as a waveguide for light; used in bundles to transmit images
paint, pigment
a substance used as a coating to protect or decorate a surface (especially a mixture of pigment suspended in a liquid); dries to form a hard coating
nerve fiber, nerve fibre
a threadlike extension of a nerve cell
spindle
(biology) tiny fibers that are seen in cell division; the fibers radiate from two poles and meet at the equator in the middle
piece of paper, sheet, sheet of paper
paper used for writing or printing
bacon rind
the rind of bacon
peel, skin
the rind of a fruit or vegetable
cheese rind
the rind of a cheese
grain
a relatively small granular particle of a substance
grinding
material resulting from the process of grinding
interplanetary dust
microscopic particles in the interplanetary medium
moraine
accumulated earth and stones deposited by a glacier
loofa, loofah, loufah sponge, luffa
the dried fibrous part of the fruit of a plant of the genus Luffa; used as a washing sponge or strainer
Cebu maguey, cantala, manila maguey
hard fiber used in making coarse twine; from Philippine agave plants
bassine
coarse leaf fiber from palmyra palms used in making brushes and brooms
coir
stiff coarse fiber from the outer husk of a coconut
raffia
fiber of a raffia palm used as light cordage and in making hats and baskets
dross, impurity
worthless or dangerous material that should be removed
Styrofoam
a light resilient foam of polystyrene
feedstock
the raw material that is required for some industrial process
absorbent, absorbent material
a material having capacity or tendency to absorb another substance
absorbate
a material that has been or is capable of being absorbed
adsorbent, adsorbent material
a material having capacity or tendency to adsorb another substance
adsorbate
a material that has been or is capable of being adsorbed
Cu, atomic number 29, copper
a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor
Ag, atomic number 47, silver
a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography
ader wax, earth wax, mineral wax, ozocerite, ozokerite
a waxy mineral that is a mixture of hydrocarbons and occurs in association with petroleum; some varieties are used in making ceresin and candles
amblygonite
a white or grey mineral consisting of lithium aluminum phosphate; a source of lithium
amphibole
a mineral or mineral variety belonging to the amphibole group
amphibole group
a group of minerals with similar crystal structures containing a silicate chain and combinations of chiefly sodium and calcium and magnesium and iron and aluminum
apatite
a common complex mineral consisting of calcium fluoride phosphate or calcium chloride phosphate; a source of phosphorus
aragonite
a mineral form of crystalline calcium carbonate; dimorphic with calcite
argentite
a valuable silver ore consisting of silver sulfide (Ag2S)
argyrodite
a rare steel-grey mineral consisting of silver and germanium and sulfur
arsenopyrite, mispickel
a silver-white or grey ore of arsenic
asphalt, mineral pitch
a dark bituminous substance found in natural beds and as residue from petroleum distillation; consists mainly of hydrocarbons
augite
dark-green to black glassy mineral of the pyroxene group containing large amounts of aluminum and iron and magnesium
baddeleyite
a mineral consisting of zirconium oxide
bastnaesite, bastnasite
a yellow-to-brown mineral that is a source of rare earth elements
bauxite
a clay-like mineral; the chief ore of aluminum; composed of aluminum oxides and aluminum hydroxides; used as an abrasive and catalyst
beryl
the chief source of beryllium; colored transparent varieties are valued as gems
borax
an ore of boron consisting of hydrated sodium borate; used as a flux or cleansing agent
bornite, peacock ore
a mineral consisting of sulfides of copper and iron that is found in copper deposits
carnallite
a white or reddish mineral consisting of hydrous chlorides of potassium and magnesium; used as a fertilizer and as a source of potassium and magnesium
cassiterite
a hard heavy dark mineral that is the chief source of tin
celestite
a mineral consisting of strontium sulphate
cerussite, white lead ore
a mineral consisting of lead carbonate that is an important source of lead
chalcocite, copper glance
a heavy grey mineral that is an ore of copper
chalcopyrite, copper pyrites
a yellow copper ore (CuFeS2) made up of copper and iron sulfide
chlorite
a generally green or black mineral; it occurs as a constituent of many rocks typically in the form of a flat crystal
chromite
a brownish-black mineral; the major source of chromium
chrysoberyl
a rare hard yellow green mineral consisting of beryllium aluminate in crystal form; used as a gemstone
cinnabar
a heavy reddish mineral consisting of mercuric sulfide; the chief source of mercury
cobaltite
a rare silvery-white mineral; important ore of cobalt
halite, rock salt
naturally occurring crystalline sodium chloride
coltan, columbite-tantalite
a valuable black mineral combining niobite and tantalite; used in cell phones and computer chips
cordierite
a blue mineral of magnesium and iron and aluminum and silicon and oxygen; often used as a gemstone
corundom, corundum
very hard mineral used as an abrasive
cristobalite
a white mineral consisting of silica; found in volcanic rocks
crocolite
a rare lead chromite mineral that forms bright orange crystals
Greenland spar, cryolite
a white mineral consisting of fluorides of aluminum and sodium; a source of fluorine
cuprite
a mineral consisting of cuprous oxide that is a source of copper
cutin
(biochemistry) a waxy transparent material that occurs in the cuticle of plants and consists of highly polymerized esters of fatty acids
bitter spar, dolomite
a light colored mineral consisting of calcium magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium; used as a ceramic and as fertilizer
earth color
a colored mineral used as a pigment
emery
a hard grey-black mineral consisting of corundum and either hematite or magnetite; used as an abrasive (especially as a coating on paper)
cobalt bloom, erythrite
a reddish mineral consisting of hydrated cobalt arsenate in monoclinic crystalline form and used in coloring glass; usually found in veins bearing cobalt and arsenic
fergusonite
a dark mineral consisting of oxides of yttrium and erbium and tantalum and other minerals
fluor, fluorite, fluorspar
a soft mineral (calcium fluoride) that is fluorescent in ultraviolet light; chief source of fluorine
gadolinite, ytterbite
a mineral that is a source of rare earths; consists of silicates of iron and beryllium and cerium and yttrium and erbium
galena
soft blue-grey mineral; lead sulfide; a major source of lead
garnet
any of a group of hard glassy minerals (silicates of various metals) used as gemstones and as an abrasive
garnierite
a green mineral consisting of hydrated nickel magnesium silicate; a source of nickel
germanite
a rare reddish-grey mineral consisting of a copper iron germanium sulfide
gibbsite
white crystalline mineral consisting of aluminum hydroxide; a constituent of bauxite and a source of alumina
glauconite
a green mineral consisting of hydrated silicate of potassium or iron or magnesium or aluminum; found in greensand
cadmium sulphide, greenockite
ore of cadmium; a rare yellowish mineral consisting of cadmium sulphide in crystalline form
gypsum
a common white or colorless mineral (hydrated calcium sulphate) used to make cements and plasters (especially plaster of Paris)
hausmannite
a mineral consisting of manganese tetroxide; a source of manganese
barite, barium sulphate, barytes, heavy spar
a white or colorless mineral (BaSO4); the main source of barium
calamine, hemimorphite
a white mineral; a common ore of zinc
ilmenite
a weakly magnetic black mineral found in metamorphic and plutonic rocks; an iron titanium oxide in crystalline form; a source of titanium
jadeite
a hard green mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate in monoclinic crystalline form; a source of jade; found principally in Burma
kainite
a white mineral consisting of magnesium sulphate and potassium chloride; a source of potassium salts; used as a fertilizer
kaolinite
a mineral consisting of aluminum silicate; main source of kaolin
kernite
a light soft mineral consisting of hydrated sodium borate in crystalline form; an important source of boron
kieserite
a white mineral consisting of hydrous magnesium sulfate often found in salt mines
cyanite, kyanite
a grey or greenish-blue mineral consisting of aluminum silicate in crystalline form; occurs in metaphoric rock, used as a refractory
langbeinite
a mineral consisting of potassium magnesium double sulphate; used as a fertilizer
magnesite
a white mineral consisting of magnesium carbonate; a source of magnesium
malachite
a green or blue mineral used as an ore of copper and for making ornamental objects
maltha, mineral tar
a thick black tar intermediate between petroleum and asphalt
manganite
a black mineral consisting of basic manganese oxide; a source of manganese
meerschaum, sepiolite
a white clayey mineral
isinglass, mica
any of various minerals consisting of hydrous silicates of aluminum or potassium etc. that crystallize in forms that allow perfect cleavage into very thin leaves; used as dielectrics because of their resistance to electricity
millerite
a yellow mineral consisting of nickel sulfide; a minor source of nickel
molybdenite
a mineral resembling graphite that is valued as the chief source of molybdenum and its compounds
monazite
a reddish-brown mineral containing rare earth metals; an important source of thorium and cerium
nepheline, nephelite
a whitish mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate or potassium aluminum silicate in crystalline form; used in the manufacture of ceramics and enamels
nephelinite
an igneous rock consisting of nepheline and pyroxene
columbite, niobite
a black mineral that is an ore of niobium and tantalum
nitrocalcite
the mineral form of calcium nitrate
olivine
a mineral consisting of magnesium iron silicate; a source of magnesium
olivenite
rare green to black mineral consisting of hydrated copper arsenate that is found in copper deposits
opal
a translucent mineral consisting of hydrated silica of variable color; some varieties are used as gemstones
ore
a mineral that contains metal that is valuable enough to be mined
orpiment
a yellow mineral occurring in conjunction with realgar; an ore of arsenic
iridosmine, osmiridium
a hard and corrosion resistant mineral that is a natural alloy of osmium and iridium (usually containing small amounts of rhodium and platinum); used in needles and pen nibs etc.
peat
partially carbonized vegetable matter saturated with water; can be used as a fuel when dried
pentlandite
a mineral (iron and nickel sulphide) that is the chief ore of nickel
magnesia, magnesium oxide, periclase
a white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase; a source of magnesium
pinite
grey or green or brown mineral similar to mica and containing aluminum and potassium sulphates
pollucite
a rare mineral that is an important source of cesium
psilomelane
a mineral consisting of hydrated basic oxide of manganese and barium; a source of manganese
fool's gold, iron pyrite, pyrite
a common mineral (iron disulfide) that has a pale yellow color
pyrolusite
a mineral consisting of manganese dioxide; an important source of manganese
green lead ore, pyromorphite
a mineral consisting of lead chloride and phosphate; a minor source of lead
pyrophyllite
a white or greenish aluminum silicate mineral (resembles talc)
pyroxene
any of a group of crystalline silicate mineral common in igneous and metamorphic rocks
magnetic pyrites, pyrrhotine, pyrrhotite
a brownish iron sulfide mineral (FeS) having weak magnetic properties
quartz
a hard glossy mineral consisting of silicon dioxide in crystal form; present in most rocks (especially sandstone and granite); yellow sand is quartz with iron oxide impurities
quartzite
hard metamorphic rock consisting essentially of interlocking quartz crystals
reactant
a chemical substance that is present at the start of a chemical reaction
realgar
a rare soft orange mineral consisting of arsenic sulphide; an important ore of arsenic
red clay
clay whose redness results from iron oxide
rhodochrosite
a mineral consisting of manganese carbonate; a source of manganese
rhodonite
a pink or red mineral consisting of crystalline manganese silicate; used as an ornamental stone
road metal
broken rock used for repairing or making roads
sedimentary rock
rock formed from consolidated clay sediments
sial
the granitelike rocks that form the outermost layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and aluminum
sima
rock that form the continuous lower layer of the earth's crust; rich in silicon and magnesium
metamorphic rock
rock altered by pressure and heat
crushed rock, gravel
rock fragments and pebbles
caliche
nitrate-bearing rock or gravel of the sodium nitrate deposits of Chile and Peru
shingling
(geology) sediment in which flat pebbles are uniformly tilted in the same direction
pumice, pumice stone
a light glass formed on the surface of some lavas; used as an abrasive
animal product
a product made from animal material
birdlime, lime
a sticky adhesive that is smeared on small branches to capture small birds
spirit gum
an adhesive solution made of gum and ether and used to attach false hair to skin
binder
something used to bind separate particles together or facilitate adhesion to a surface
cement
something that hardens to act as adhesive material
library paste, paste
an adhesive made from water and flour or starch; used on paper and paperboard
rubber cement
an adhesive made by dissolving unvulcanized rubber in a solvent like benzene or naphtha
sealant, sealer
a kind of sealing material that is used to form a hard coating on a porous surface (as a coat of paint or varnish used to size a surface)
filler
used for filling cracks or holes in a surface
lute, luting
a substance for packing a joint or coating a porous surface to make it impervious to gas or liquid
Alar, daminozide
a chemical sprayed on fruit trees to regulate their growth so the entire crop can be harvested at one time
aphanite
fine-grained homogeneous rock (such as basalt) containing minerals undetectable by the naked eye
carrier
an inactive substance that is a vehicle for a radioactive tracer of the same substance and that assists in its recovery after some chemical reaction
animal oil
any oil obtained from animal substances
dentin, dentine
a calcareous material harder and denser than bone that comprises the bulk of a tooth
bone, osseous tissue
the porous calcified substance from which bones are made
horn
the material (mostly keratin) that covers the horns of ungulates and forms hooves and claws and nails
shell
the material that forms the hard outer covering of many animals
art paper
a high-quality paper (usually having a filler of china clay)
mineral wool, rock wool
a light fibrous material used as an insulator
bacteriacide, bactericide
any chemical agent that destroys bacteria
blotter, blotting paper
absorbent paper used to dry ink
blueprint paper
sensitized paper used to make blueprints
animal fat
any fat obtained from animals
carbon, carbon paper
a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper
carbon tetrahalide
compounds composed of 1 carbon and 4 halogen molecules
carborundum
an abrasive composed of silicon carbide crystals
cardboard, composition board
a stiff moderately thick paper
cartridge paper
paper for making cartridge cases
congener
a minor chemical constituent that gives a wine or liquor its distinctive character
steel wool, wire wool
a mass of woven steel fibers used as an abrasive
cement
any of various materials used by dentists to fill cavities in teeth
chad
a small piece of paper that is supposed to be removed when a hole is punched in a card or paper tape
chaff, husk, shuck, stalk, straw, stubble
material consisting of seed coverings and small pieces of stem or leaves that have been separated from the seeds
chylomicron
a microscopic particle of triglycerides produced in the intestines during digestion; in the bloodstream they release their fatty acids into the blood
claystone
fine-grained rock consisting of compacted clay particles
brown coal, lignite, wood coal
intermediate between peat and bituminous coal
chemical compound, compound
(chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight
computer paper
paper folded to permit continuous printing controlled by a computer
construction paper
paper suitable for drawing and making cutouts
semiconducting material, semiconductor
a substance as germanium or silicon whose electrical conductivity is intermediate between that of a metal and an insulator; its conductivity increases with temperature and in the presence of impurities
glass wool
glass fibers spun and massed into bundles resembling wool
cork
outer bark of the cork oak; used for stoppers for bottles etc.
crepe, crepe paper
paper with a crinkled texture; usually colored and used for decorations
exhaust, exhaust fumes, fumes
gases ejected from an engine as waste products
dolomite
a kind of sedimentary rock resembling marble or limestone but rich in magnesium carbonate
drawing paper
paper that is specially prepared for use in drafting
dust
fine powdery material such as dry earth or pollen that can be blown about in the air
diatomaceous earth, diatomite, kieselguhr
a light soil consisting of siliceous diatom remains and often used as a filtering material
saprolite
a deposit of clay and disintegrating rock that is found in its original place
dirt, soil
the part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock
soil conditioner
a chemical substance used to improve the structure of the soil and increase its porosity
emery cloth
cloth covered with powdered emery
emery paper, sandpaper
stiff paper coated with powdered emery or sand
emery rock, emery stone
a mixture of emery dust and a binder; can be molded into grindstones
exudate, exudation
a substance that oozes out from plant pores
transudate, transudation
a substance that transudes
effluvium
a foul-smelling outflow or vapor (especially a gaseous waste)
rheum
a watery discharge from the mucous membranes (especially from the eyes or nose)
vaginal discharge
discharge of secretions from the cervical glands of the vagina; normally clear or white
body waste, excrement, excreta, excretion, excretory product
waste matter (as urine or sweat but especially feces) discharged from the body
crud, filth, skank
any substance considered disgustingly foul or unpleasant
sewage, sewerage
waste matter carried away in sewers or drains
effluent, sewer water, wastewater
water mixed with waste matter
food waste, garbage, refuse, scraps
food that is discarded (as from a kitchen)
pollutant
waste matter that contaminates the water or air or soil
rubbish, scrap, trash
worthless material that is to be disposed of
slop
(usually plural) waste water from a kitchen or bathroom or chamber pot that has to be emptied by hand
toxic industrial waste, toxic waste
poisonous waste materials; can cause injury (especially by chemical means)
fertiliser, fertilizer, plant food
any substance such as manure or a mixture of nitrates used to make soil more fertile
flux
a substance added to molten metals to bond with impurities that can then be readily removed
conglomerate, pudding stone
a composite rock made up of particles of varying size
string
a tough piece of fiber in vegetables, meat, or other food (especially the tough fibers connecting the two halves of a bean pod)
fibril, filament, strand
a very slender natural or synthetic fiber
fieldstone
stone that occurs naturally in fields; often used as building material
filter paper
a porous unsized paper used for filtering
flyspeck
a tiny dark speck made by the excrement of a fly
flypaper
paper that is poisoned or coated with a sticky substance to kill flies
foam rubber
spongy rubber; made by introducing air bubbles before vulcanization and used for cushioning or upholstery
fumigant
a chemical substance used in fumigation
graph paper
paper that has lines to permit drawing graphs
greaseproof paper
paper that is impermeable to oil or grease; used in cooking
greisen
a granitic rock composed of quartz and mica
herbicide, weed killer, weedkiller
a chemical agent that destroys plants or inhibits their growth
hyalin, hyaline
a glassy translucent substance that occurs in hyaline cartilage or in certain skin conditions
identification particle
a tiny particle of material that can be added to a product to indicate the source of manufacture
indicator
(chemistry) a substance that changes color to indicate the presence of some ion or substance; can be used to indicate the completion of a chemical reaction or (in medicine) to test for a particular reaction
intermediate
a substance formed during a chemical process before the desired product is obtained
fraction
a component of a mixture that has been separated by a fractional process
larvicide
a chemical used to kill larval pests
calc-tufa, tufa
a soft porous rock consisting of calcium carbonate deposited from springs rich in lime
magma
molten rock in the earth's crust
igneous rock
rock formed by the solidification of molten magma
linen, linen paper
a high-quality paper made of linen fibers or with a linen finish
limestone
a sedimentary rock consisting mainly of calcium that was deposited by the remains of marine animals
lint
fine ravellings of cotton or linen fibers
litmus paper
unsized paper treated with litmus for use as an acid-base indicator
manifold, manifold paper
a lightweight paper used with carbon paper to make multiple copies
manila, manila paper, manilla, manilla paper
a strong paper or thin cardboard with a smooth light brown finish made from e.g. Manila hemp
marble
a hard crystalline metamorphic rock that takes a high polish; used for sculpture and as building material
matrix
(geology) amass of fine-grained rock in which fossils, crystals, or gems are embedded
mordant
a substance used to treat leather or other materials before dyeing; aids in dyeing process
music paper, score paper
paper with lines appropriate for writing music
man-made fiber, synthetic fiber
fiber created from natural materials or by chemical processes
natural fiber, natural fibre
fiber derived from plants or animals
newspaper, newsprint
cheap paper made from wood pulp and used for printing newspapers
oakum
loose hemp or jute fiber obtained by unravelling old ropes; when impregnated with tar it was used to caulk seams and pack joints in wooden ships
oilpaper
paper that has been made translucent and waterproof by soaking in oil
india paper
a thin tough opaque paper used in fine books
pad, pad of paper, tablet
a number of sheets of paper fastened together along one edge
paper tape
a long narrow strip of paper
paper toweling
absorbent paper used as toweling
paper-mache, papier-mache
a substance made from paper pulp that can be molded when wet and painted when dry
papyrus
paper made from the papyrus plant by cutting it in strips and pressing it flat; used by ancient Egyptians and Greeks and Romans
parchment
a superior paper resembling sheepskin
rice paper
a thin delicate material resembling paper; made from the rice-paper tree
roofing paper, tar paper
a heavy paper impregnated with tar and used as part of a roof for waterproofing
ticker tape
a continuous thin ribbon of paper on which stock quotes are written
excelsior, wood shavings
thin curly wood shavings used for packing or stuffing
pesticide
a chemical used to kill pests (as rodents or insects)
phytochemical
a chemical substance obtained from plants that is biologically active but not nutritive
dye, dyestuff
a usually soluble substance for staining or coloring e.g. fabrics or hair
tincture
a substances that colors metals
hematochrome
a reddish coloring material found in some algae
pigment
dry coloring material (especially a powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint, etc.)
pigment
any substance whose presence in plant or animal tissues produces a characteristic color
plant product
a product made from plant material
product
a chemical substance formed as a result of a chemical reaction
radioactive waste
useless radioactive materials that are left after some laboratory or commercial process is completed
raveling, ravelling
a bit of fiber that has become separated from woven fabric
restrainer
a chemical that is added to a photographic developer in order to retard development and reduce the amount of fog on a film
rutile
a mineral consisting of titanium dioxide in crystalline form; occurs in metamorphic and plutonic rocks and is a major source of titanium
samarskite
a complex black mineral occurring in pegmatites
sapphirine
a rare light blue or green mineral; consists of aluminum and magnesium silicate and occurs as small grains in some metamorphic rocks
scheelite
a mineral used as an ore of tungsten
humic shale
shale that is rich in humic acids
smaltite
a grey mineral consisting of cobalt arsenide and nickel; an important source of cobalt and nickel
sodalite
a vitreous mineral consisting of sodium aluminum silicate and sodium chloride in crystalline form; occurs in igneous rocks
sodium pyrophosphate, tetrasodium pyrophosphate
a sodium salt of pyrophosphoric acid used as a builder in soaps and detergents
sodium tripolyphosphate
a sodium salt of triphosphoric acid used as a builder in soaps and detergents
spar
any of various nonmetallic minerals (calcite or feldspar) that are light in color and transparent or translucent and cleavable
spinel
a hard glassy mineral consisting of an oxide of magnesium and aluminum; occurs in various colors that are used as gemstones
spodumene
a pyroxene mineral consisting of lithium aluminum silicate; a source of lithium
stabilizer
a chemical that is added to a solution or mixture or suspension to maintain it in a stable or unchanging state
stain
(microscopy) a dye or other coloring material that is used in microscopy to make structures visible
stannite, tin pyrites
a dark grey mineral with a metallic luster that is a source of tin
softener
a substance added to another to make it less hard
stibnite
a soft grey mineral; the chief ore of antimony
strontianite
a mineral consisting of strontium carbonate
vegetable tallow
a waxy fat obtained from certain plants (e.g. bayberry) and used as tallow
graphic tellurium, sylvanite
a silver-white mineral consisting of silver gold telluride; a source of gold in Australia and America
sylvine, sylvite
a mineral consisting of native potassium chloride; an important ore of potassium that is found in sedimentary beds
talc, talcum
a fine grained mineral having a soft soapy feel and consisting of hydrated magnesium silicate; used in a variety of products including talcum powder
tantalite
a mineral consisting of tantalum oxide of iron and manganese that occurs with niobite or in coarse granite; an ore of tantalum
thorite
a radioactive mineral consisting of thorium silicate; it is a source of thorium that is found in coarse granite
thortveitite
a mineral consisting of scandium yttrium silicate; a source of scandium
tissue, tissue paper
a soft thin (usually translucent) paper
topaz
a mineral (fluosilicate of aluminum) that occurs in crystals of various colors and is used as a gemstone
tourmaline
a mineral that is a complex borosilicate and hydroxide of aluminum containing iron and magnesium and calcium and lithium and sodium; it is usually black but occurs in transparent colored forms that are used as gemstones
tracing paper
a semitransparent paper that is used for tracing drawings
transfer paper
a paper that is coated with a preparation for transferring a design to another surface
tridymite
a mineral form of silica
tribasic sodium phosphate, trisodium orthophosphate, trisodium phosphate
the tertiary phosphate of sodium used as a builder in soaps and detergents
turquoise
a blue to grey green mineral consisting of copper aluminum phosphate
vanadinite
a mineral consisting of chloride and vanadate of lead; a source of vanadium
vermiculite
any of a group of yellow or brown hydrous silicate minerals having a micaceous structure
idocrase, vesuvian, vesuvianite
a green or yellow or brown mineral consisting of a hydrated silicate; it occurs as crystals in limestone and is used a gemstone
wallpaper
a decorative paper for the walls of rooms
waste paper
paper discarded after use
wax paper
paper that has been waterproofed by treatment with wax or paraffin
wood
the hard fibrous lignified substance under the bark of trees
iron manganese tungsten, wolframite
a mineral consisting of iron and manganese tungstate in crystalline form; the principal ore of tungsten; found in quartz veins associated with granitic rocks
wollastonite
a white or greyish mineral typically found in metamorphic limestone; a silicate of calcium
wrapping paper
a tough paper used for wrapping
writing paper
paper material made into thin sheets that are sized to take ink; used for writing correspondence and manuscripts
wulfenite
a yellow to orange or brown mineral used as a molybdenum ore
wurtzite
a brownish-black mineral consisting of zinc sulfide
xenotime
a brown-to-yellow mineral that is a phosphate of yttrium in crystalline form
zeolite
any of a family of glassy minerals analogous to feldspar containing hydrated aluminum silicates of calcium or sodium or potassium; formed in cavities in lava flows and in plutonic rocks
blende, sphalerite, zinc blende
an ore that is the chief source of zinc; consists largely of zinc sulfide in crystalline form
zinkenite
a steel grey metallic mineral (a sulphide of lead and antimony)
zircon, zirconium silicate
a common mineral occurring in small crystals; chief source of zirconium; used as a refractory when opaque and as a gem when transparent
Type of:
substance
the real physical matter of which a person or thing consists

n things needed for doing or making something

“writing materials
“useful teaching materials
Types:
show 4 types...
hide 4 types...
packaging
material used to make packages
railing
material for making rails or rails collectively
roofing
material used to construct a roof
blister pack, bubble pack
packaging in which a product is sealed between a cardboard backing and clear plastic cover
Type of:
equipment
an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service

adj having material or physical form or substance

Synonyms:
corporeal
bodied
having a body or a body of a specified kind; often used in combination
bodily
having or relating to a physical material body
bodied, corporal, corporate, embodied, incarnate
possessing or existing in bodily form
reincarnate
having a new body
Antonyms:
immaterial, incorporeal
without material form or substance
unbodied
having no body
bodiless, discorporate, disembodied, unbodied, unembodied
not having a material body
spiritual
lacking material body or form or substance
show more antonyms...

adj derived from or composed of matter

“the material universe”
Synonyms
real, substantial
having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary
physical
having substance or material existence; perceptible to the senses
physical
concerned with material things
Antonyms:
immaterial, nonmaterial
not consisting of matter
insubstantial, unreal, unsubstantial
lacking material form or substance; unreal
intangible, nonphysical
lacking substance or reality; incapable of being touched or seen
show more antonyms...
2

n information (data or ideas or observations) that can be used or reworked into a finished form

“the archives provided rich material for a definitive biography”
Types:
rehash
old material that is slightly reworked and used again
copy
material suitable for a journalistic account
Type of:
info, information
a message received and understood

adj having substance or capable of being treated as fact; not imaginary

Synonyms:
real, substantial
Antonyms:
insubstantial, unreal, unsubstantial
lacking material form or substance; unreal
aerial, aeriform, aery, airy, ethereal
characterized by lightness and insubstantiality; as impalpable or intangible as air
shadowy, wraithlike
lacking in substance
stringy
consisting of or containing string or strings
immaterial, nonmaterial
not consisting of matter
show more antonyms...

adj directly relevant to a matter especially a law case

“his support made a material difference”
“evidence material to the issue at hand”
“facts likely to influence the judgment are called material facts”
“a material witness”
Synonyms
crucial
having crucial relevance
Antonyms:
immaterial
of no importance or relevance especially to a law case
3

n artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers

“she measured off enough material for a dress”
Synonyms:
cloth, fabric, textile
Types:
show 238 types...
hide 238 types...
aba
a fabric woven from goat hair and camel hair
acrylic
a synthetic fabric
Aertex
a trademark for a loosely woven cotton fabric that is used to make shirts and underwear
alpaca
a thin glossy fabric made of the wool of the Lama pacos, or made of a rayon or cotton imitation of that wool
baize
a bright green fabric napped to resemble felt; used to cover gaming tables
basket weave
a cloth woven of two or more threads interlaced to suggest the weave of a basket
batik
a dyed fabric; a removable wax is used where the dye is not wanted
batiste
a thin plain-weave cotton or linen fabric; used for shirts or dresses
belting
the material of which belts are made
bombazine
a twilled fabric used for dresses; the warp is silk and the weft is worsted
boucle
a fabric of uneven yarn that has an uneven knobby effect
broadcloth
a closely woven silk or synthetic fabric with a narrow crosswise rib
broadcloth
a densely textured woolen fabric with a lustrous finish
brocade
thick heavy expensive material with a raised pattern
buckram
a coarse cotton fabric stiffened with glue; used in bookbinding and to stiffen clothing
bunting
a loosely woven fabric used for flags, etc.
calico
coarse cloth with a bright print
cambric
a finely woven white linen
camel's hair, camelhair
a soft tan cloth made with the hair of a camel
camlet
a fabric of Asian origin; originally made of silk and camel's hair
camo, camouflage
fabric dyed with splotches of green and brown and black and tan; intended to make the wearer of a garment made of this fabric hard to distinguish from the background
canopy
the umbrellalike part of a parachute that fills with air
canvas, canvass
a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents)
cashmere
a soft fabric made from the wool of the Cashmere goat
cerecloth
a waterproof waxed cloth once used as a shroud
challis
a soft lightweight fabric (usually printed)
chambray
a lightweight fabric woven with white threads across a colored warp
chenille
a heavy fabric woven with chenille cord; used in rugs and bedspreads
chiffon
a sheer fabric of silk or rayon
chino
a coarse twilled cotton fabric frequently used for uniforms
chintz
a brightly printed and glazed cotton fabric
coating
a heavy fabric suitable for coats
cobweb
a fabric so delicate and transparent as to resemble a web of a spider
cord, corduroy
a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton
cotton
fabric woven from cotton fibers
Canton flannel, cotton flannel
a stout cotton fabric with nap on only one side
crape, crepe
a soft thin light fabric with a crinkled surface
cretonne
an unglazed heavy fabric; brightly printed; used for slipcovers and draperies
crinoline
a stiff coarse fabric used to stiffen hats or clothing
damask
a fabric of linen or cotton or silk or wool with a reversible pattern woven into it
denim, dungaree, jean
a coarse durable twill-weave cotton fabric
diamante
fabric covered with glittering ornaments such as sequins or rhinestones
diaper
a fabric (usually cotton or linen) with a distinctive woven pattern of small repeated figures
dimity
a strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedcovers and curtains
doeskin
a fine smooth soft woolen fabric
drapery
cloth gracefully draped and arranged in loose folds
duck
a heavy cotton fabric of plain weave; used for clothing and tents
duffel, duffle
a coarse heavy woolen fabric
elastic
a fabric made of yarns containing an elastic material
etamin, etamine
a soft cotton or worsted fabric with an open mesh; used for curtains or clothing etc.
faille
a ribbed woven fabric of silk or rayon or cotton
felt
a fabric made of compressed matted animal fibers
fiber, fibre, vulcanized fiber
a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth
flannel
a soft light woolen fabric; used for clothing
flannelette
a cotton fabric imitating flannel
fleece
a soft bulky fabric with deep pile; used chiefly for clothing
foulard
a light plain-weave or twill-weave silk or silklike fabric (usually with a printed design)
frieze
a heavy woolen fabric with a long nap
fustian
a strong cotton and linen fabric with a slight nap
gabardine
a firm durable fabric with a twill weave
georgette
a thin silk dress material
gingham
a clothing fabric in a plaid weave
grogram
a coarse fabric of silk mixed with wool or mohair and often stiffened with gum
grosgrain
a silk or silklike fabric with crosswise ribs
hair, haircloth
cloth woven from horsehair or camelhair; used for upholstery or stiffening in garments
herringbone
a twilled fabric with a herringbone pattern
homespun
a rough loosely woven fabric originally made with yarn that was spun at home
hopsack, hopsacking
a loosely woven coarse fabric of cotton or linen; used in clothing
horsehair
a fabric made from fibers taken from the mane or tail of horses; used for upholstery
jaconet
a lightweight cotton cloth with a smooth and slightly stiff finish; used for clothing and bandages
jacquard
a highly figured fabric woven on a Jacquard loom
khaddar, khadi
a coarse homespun cotton cloth made in India
khaki
a sturdy twilled cloth of a yellowish brown color used especially for military uniforms
knit
a fabric made by knitting
lace
a delicate decorative fabric woven in an open web of symmetrical patterns
lame
a fabric interwoven with threads of metal
imitation leather, leatherette
fabric made to look like leather
linen
a fabric woven with fibers from the flax plant
linsey-woolsey
a rough fabric of linen warp and wool or cotton woof
lint
cotton or linen fabric with the nap raised on one side; used to dress wounds
lisle
a fabric woven with lisle thread
mackinaw
a heavy woolen cloth heavily napped and felted, often with a plaid design
macintosh, mackintosh
a lightweight waterproof (usually rubberized) fabric
madras
a light patterned cotton cloth
marseille
strong cotton fabric with a raised pattern; used for bedspreads
metallic
a fabric made of a yarn that is partly or entirely of metal
mohair
fabric made with yarn made from the silky hair of the Angora goat
moire, watered-silk
silk fabric with a wavy surface pattern
moleskin
a durable cotton fabric with a velvety nap
monk's cloth
a heavy cloth in basket weave
moquette
a thick velvety synthetic fabric used for carpets and soft upholstery
moreen
a heavy fabric of wool (or wool and cotton) used mostly in upholstery or for curtains
motley
a multicolored woolen fabric woven of mixed threads in 14th to 17th century England
mousseline de sole
a gauze-like fabric of silk or rayon
muslin
plain-woven cotton fabric
nankeen
a durable fabric formerly loomed by hand in China from natural cotton having a yellowish color
mesh, meshing, meshwork, net, network
an open fabric of string or rope or wire woven together at regular intervals
ninon
a fine strong sheer silky fabric made of silk or rayon or nylon
nylon
a synthetic fabric
oilcloth
cloth treated on one side with a drying oil or synthetic resin
olive drab
a cloth of an olive-brown color used for military uniforms
organza
a fabric made of silk or a silklike fabric that resembles organdy
paisley
a soft wool fabric with a colorful swirled pattern of curved shapes
panting, trousering
any fabric used to make trousers
pepper-and-salt
a fabric woven with flecks of light and dark
percale
a fine closely woven cotton fabric
durable press, permanent press
a fabric that has been chemically processed to resist wrinkles and hold its shape
piece of cloth, piece of material
a separate part consisting of fabric
pilot cloth
a thick blue cloth used to make overcoats and coats for sailors etc
pinstripe
a fabric with very thin stripes
pique
tightly woven fabric with raised cords
plush
a fabric with a nap that is longer and softer than velvet
polyester
any of a large class of synthetic fabrics
pongee
a soft thin cloth woven from raw silk (or an imitation)
poplin
a ribbed fabric used in clothing and upholstery
print
a fabric with a dyed pattern pressed onto it (usually by engraved rollers)
quilting
a material used for making a quilt, or a quilted fabric
rayon
a synthetic silklike fabric
rep, repp
a fabric with prominent rounded crosswise ribs
sackcloth
a coarse cloth resembling sacking
bagging, sacking
coarse fabric used for bags or sacks
sailcloth
a strong fabric (such as cotton canvas) used for making sails and tents
samite
a heavy silk fabric (often woven with silver or gold threads); used to make clothing in the Middle Ages
sateen
a cotton fabric with a satiny finish
satin
a smooth fabric of silk or rayon; has a glossy face and a dull back
satinet, satinette
a fabric with a finish resembling satin but made partly or wholly from cotton or synthetic fiber
screening
fabric of metal or plastic mesh
scrim
a firm open-weave fabric used for a curtain in the theater
seersucker
a light puckered fabric (usually striped)
serge
a twilled woolen fabric
shag
a fabric with long coarse nap
shantung
a heavy silk fabric with a rough surface (or a cotton imitation)
sharkskin
a smooth crisp fabric
sheeting
fabric from which bed sheets are made
shirting
any of various fabrics used to make men's shirts
shirttail
fabric forming the tail of a shirt
silesia
a sturdy twill-weave cotton fabric; used for pockets and linings
silk
a fabric made from the fine threads produced by certain insect larvae
spandex
an elastic synthetic fabric
sponge cloth
any soft porous fabric (especially in a loose honeycomb weave)
stammel
a coarse woolen cloth formerly used for undergarments and usually dyed bright red
suede, suede cloth
a fabric made to resemble suede leather
suiting
a fabric used for suits
swan's down
soft woolen fabric used especially for baby clothes
taffeta
a crisp smooth lustrous fabric
tammy
plain-woven (often glazed) fabric of wool or wool and cotton used especially formerly for linings and garments and curtains
tapa, tappa
a paperlike cloth made in the South Pacific by pounding tapa bark
tapestry, tapis
a heavy textile with a woven design; used for curtains and upholstery
plaid, tartan
a cloth having a crisscross design
terry, terry cloth, terrycloth
a pile fabric (usually cotton) with uncut loops on both sides; used to make bath towels and bath robes
ticking
a strong fabric used for mattress and pillow covers
toweling, towelling
any of various fabrics (linen or cotton) used to make towels
tweed
thick woolen fabric used for clothing; originated in Scotland
twill
a cloth with parallel diagonal lines or ribs
upholstery material
the fabric used in upholstering
Velcro
nylon fabric used as a fastening
velour, velours
heavy fabric that resembles velvet
velvet
a silky densely piled fabric with a plain back
velveteen
a usually cotton fabric with a short pile imitating velvet
vicuna
a soft wool fabric made from the fleece of the vicuna
Viyella
a fabric made from a twilled mixture of cotton and wool
voile
a light semitransparent fabric
wash-and-wear
a fabric treated to be easily washable and to require no ironing
waterproof
any fabric impervious to water
web
a fabric (especially a fabric in the process of being woven)
webbing
a strong fabric woven in strips
whipcord
a strong worsted or cotton fabric with a diagonal rib
wincey
a plain or twilled fabric of wool and cotton used especially for warm shirts or skirts and pajamas
wire cloth
fabric woven of metallic wire
wool, woolen, woollen
a fabric made from the hair of sheep
worsted
a woolen fabric with a hard textured surface and no nap; woven of worsted yarns "he wore a worsted suit"
yoke
fabric comprising a fitted part at the top of a garment
pina cloth
a fine cloth made from pineapple fibers
acetate, acetate rayon
a fabric made from fibers of cellulose acetate
balbriggan
a cotton knit fabric used for underwear
Bedford cord
a heavy corded fabric similar to corduroy; used for clothing
bib
top part of an apron; covering the chest
Brussels lace
fine lace with a raised or applique design
burlap, gunny
coarse jute fabric
Canton crepe
a soft thick crinkled dress crepe; heavier than crepe de Chine
chamois cloth
a piece of chamois used for washing windows or cars
chicken wire
a galvanized wire network with a hexagonal mesh; used to build fences
chinchilla
a thick twilled fabric of wool and cotton
Courtelle
an acrylic fabric resembling wool
crepe de Chine
a very thin crepe of silk or silklike fabric
Dacron, Terylene
a kind of polyester fabric
dishcloth, dishrag
a cloth for washing dishes
double knit
a knit fabric similar to jersey that is made with two sets of needles producing a double thickness joined by interlocking stitches
drop cloth
a large piece of cloth laid over the floor or furniture while a room is being painted
dustcloth, duster, dustrag
a piece of cloth used for dusting
dust cover, dust sheet
a large piece of cloth used to cover furniture that is not in use for a long period
end, oddment, remainder, remnant
a piece of cloth that is left over after the rest has been used or sold
filet
lace having a square mesh
gauze, netting, veiling
a net of transparent fabric with a loose open weave
gauze, gauze bandage
(medicine) bleached cotton cloth of plain weave used for bandages and dressings
gore, panel
a piece of cloth that is generally triangular or tapering; used in making garments or umbrellas or sails
ground cloth, groundsheet
a waterproofed piece of cloth spread on the ground (as under a tent) to protect from moisture
guimpe
a piece of starched cloth covering the shoulders of a nun's habit
gusset, inset
a piece of material used to strengthen or enlarge a garment
hairnet
a small net that some women wear over their hair to keep it in place
handkerchief, hankey, hankie, hanky
a square piece of cloth used for wiping the eyes or nose or as a costume accessory
Harris Tweed
a loosely woven tweed made in the Outer Hebrides
huck, huckaback
toweling consisting of coarse absorbent cotton or linen fabric
jersey
a slightly elastic machine-knit fabric
liner, lining
a piece of cloth that is used as the inside surface of a garment
longyi, lungi, lungyi
a long piece of brightly colored cloth (cotton or silk) used as clothing (a skirt or loincloth or sash etc.) in India and Pakistan and Burma
macrame
a relatively coarse lace; made by weaving and knotting cords
crepe marocain, marocain
a dress crepe; similar to Canton crepe
nainsook
a soft lightweight muslin used especially for babies
narrow wale
corduroy with narrow ribs
organdie, organdy
a sheer stiff muslin
Orlon
an acrylic fiber or the lightweight crease-resistant fabric made with Orlon yarns
patch
a piece of cloth used as decoration or to mend or cover a hole
bobbin lace, pillow lace
a handmade lace worked on a pillow with threads wound on bobbins; the pattern is marked out on the pillow by pins
placket
a piece of cloth sewn under an opening
needlepoint, point lace
lace worked with a needle in a buttonhole stitch on a paper pattern
rag, shred, tag, tag end, tatter
a small piece of cloth or paper
reseau
a net or mesh foundation for lace
russet
a reddish brown homespun fabric
safety net
a large strong net to catch circus acrobats who fall or jump from a trapeze
canvas, canvass, sail, sheet
a large piece of fabric (usually canvas fabric) by means of which wind is used to propel a sailing vessel
sarcenet, sarsenet
a fine soft silk fabric often used for linings
save-all
a net hung between ship and pier while loading a ship
snood
an ornamental net in the shape of a bag that confines a woman's hair; pins or ties at the back of the head
spark arrester, sparker
a wire net to stop sparks from an open fireplace or smokestack
stockinet, stockinette
knit used especially for infants' wear and undergarments
swatch
a sample piece of cloth
tarp, tarpaulin
waterproofed canvas
towel
a rectangular piece of absorbent cloth (or paper) for drying or wiping
train
piece of cloth forming the long back section of a gown that is drawn along the floor
tricot
a knitted fabric or one resembling knitting
tucker
a detachable yoke of linen or lace worn over the breast of a low-cut dress
tulle
a fine (often starched) net used for veils or tutus or gowns
Ultrasuede
a synthetic suede cloth
viscose, viscose rayon
a rayon fabric made from viscose (cellulose xanthate) fibers
wide wale
corduroy with wide ribs
winceyette
cotton flannelette with a nap on both sides
grillwork, wirework
mesh netting made of wires
Type of:
artefact, artifact
a man-made object taken as a whole
4

n a person judged suitable for admission or employment

“he was university material
“she was vice-presidential material
Type of:
applicant, applier
a person who requests or seeks something such as assistance or employment or admission
5

adj concerned with or affecting physical as distinct from intellectual or psychological well-being

material needs”
“"the moral and material welfare of all good citizens"- T.Roosevelt”
Synonyms
physical
involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit

adj concerned with worldly rather than spiritual interests

material possessions”
material wealth”
material comforts”
Synonyms
secular, temporal, worldly
characteristic of or devoted to the temporal world as opposed to the spiritual world
WORD FAMILY
USAGE EXAMPLES