job

Whether you enjoy it or not, few can survive without a job, or performing work for pay. There are also non-paying jobs, also called "chores" or "tasks," that are necessary but do not put food in your mouth.

Job and work are often synonymous and unfortunately often have a negative connotation meaning “toil." Other meanings of job that are negative involve damaging events or crimes. When you wrecked your car, someone might have said, "You did a real job on that;" or, when you convinced your sister to hand over her allowance, you might have referred to it as a "con job."

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: job

1
nv
a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee
arranged for contracted work to be done by others
2
n
the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money
3
n
the performance of a piece of work
4
v
invest at a risk
5
v
profit privately from public office and official business
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: job
1

n a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee

“estimates of the city's loss on that job ranged as high as a million dollars”
“the job of repairing the engine took several hours”
Synonyms:
chore, task
Types:
ball-breaker, ball-buster
a job or situation that is demanding and arduous and punishing
stint
an individual's prescribed share of work
scut work, shitwork
trivial, unrewarding, tedious, dirty, and disagreeable chores
Type of:
duty
work that you are obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons

n (computer science) a program application that may consist of several steps but is a single logical unit

Type of:
application, application program, applications programme
a program that gives a computer instructions that provide the user with tools to accomplish a task

n a crime (especially a robbery)

“the gang pulled off a bank job in St. Louis”
Synonyms:
caper
Type of:
robbery
larceny by threat of violence

n a state of difficulty that needs to be resolved

“it is always a job to contact him”
Synonyms:
problem
Types:
race problem
a social and political problem caused by conflict between races occupying the same or adjacent regions
balance-of-payments problem
an economic problem caused by payments for imports being greater than receipts for exports
Type of:
difficulty
a condition or state of affairs almost beyond one's ability to deal with and requiring great effort to bear or overcome

n an object worked on; a result produced by working

“he held the job in his left hand and worked on it with his right”
Type of:
product, production
an artifact that has been created by someone or some process

v arranged for contracted work to be done by others

Synonyms:
farm out, subcontract
Type of:
employ, engage, hire
engage or hire for work

v work occasionally

“As a student I jobbed during the semester breaks”
Type of:
do work, work
be employed
2

n the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money

Synonyms:
business, line, line of work, occupation
Types:
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confectionery
the occupation and skills of a confectioner
sport
the occupation of athletes who compete for pay
farming, land
agriculture considered as an occupation or way of life
biz, game
your occupation or line of work
calling, career, vocation
the particular occupation for which you are trained
employment, work
the occupation for which you are paid
appointment
the job to which you are (or hope to be) appointed
berth, billet, office, place, position, post, situation, spot
a job in an organization
salt mine, treadmill
a job involving drudgery and confinement
craft, trade
the skilled practice of a practical occupation
profession
an occupation requiring special education (especially in the liberal arts or sciences)
medium, metier
an occupation for which you are especially well suited
accountancy, accounting
the occupation of maintaining and auditing records and preparing financial reports for a business
photography
the occupation of taking and printing photographs or making movies
catering
providing food and services
coaching, coaching job
the job of a professional coach
booking, engagement
employment for performers or performing groups that lasts for a limited period of time
ministry
the work of a minister of religion
navigation, sailing, seafaring
the work of a sailor
professional boxing
boxing for money
professional wrestling
wrestling for money
sumo
a Japanese form of wrestling; you lose if you are forced out of a small ring or if any part of your body (other than your feet) touches the ground
professional golf
playing golf for money
professional football
football played for pay
professional baseball
playing baseball for money
professional basketball
playing basketball for money
professional tennis
playing tennis for money
work load, workload
work that a person is expected to do in a specified time
piecework
work paid for according to the quantity produced
specialisation, specialism, speciality, specialization, specialty
the special line of work you have adopted as your career
lifework
the principal work of your career
walk, walk of life
careers in general
service
employment in or work for another
telecommuting, teleworking
employment at home while communicating with the workplace by phone or fax or modem
services
performance of duties or provision of space and equipment helpful to others
public service
employment within a government system (especially in the civil service)
academicianship
the position of member of an honorary academy
accountantship
the position of accountant
admiralty
the office of admiral
ambassadorship
the post of ambassador
apostleship
the position of apostle
apprenticeship
the position of apprentice
associateship
the position of associate (as in an office or academy)
attorneyship
the position of attorney
bailiffship
the office of bailiff
baronetage
the state of a baronet
bishopry, episcopate
the office and dignity of a bishop
cadetship
the position of cadet
caliphate
the office of a caliph
captaincy, captainship
the post of captain
cardinalship
the office of cardinal
chairmanship
the position of chairman
chancellorship
the office of chancellor
chaplaincy, chaplainship
the position of chaplain
chieftaincy, chieftainship
the position of chieftain
clerkship
the job of clerk
commandership, commandery
the position or office of commander
comptrollership
the position of comptroller
consulship
the post of consul
controllership
the position of controller
councillorship, councilorship
the position of council member
counsellorship, counselorship
the position of counselor
curacy
the position of a curate
curatorship
the position of curator
custodianship
the position of custodian
deanery, deanship
the position or office of a dean
directorship
the position of a director of a business concern
discipleship
the position of disciple
editorship
the position of editor
eldership
the office of elder
emirate
the office of an emir
fatherhood
the status of a father
fatherhood
the status of a religious leader
foremanship
the position of foreman
generalcy, generalship
the office and authority of a general
governorship
the office of governor
headship
the position of head
headship
the position of headmaster or headmistress
hot seat
a difficult position where you are subjected to stress and criticism
incumbency
the office of an incumbent
inspectorship
the office of inspector
instructorship
the position of instructor
internship
the position of a medical intern
judgeship, judicature
the position of judge
khanate
the position of a khan
lectureship
the post of lecturer
legateship, legation
the post or office of legate
legislatorship
the office of legislator
librarianship
the position of librarian
lieutenancy
the position of a lieutenant
magistracy, magistrature
the position of magistrate
managership
the position of manager
manhood
the status of being a man
marshalship
the post of marshall
mastership
the position of master
mayoralty
the position of mayor
messiahship
the position of messiah
moderatorship
the position of moderator
overlordship
the position of overlord
pastorate, pastorship
the position of pastor
peasanthood
the state of being a peasant
plum
a highly desirable position or assignment
praetorship
the office of praetor
precentorship
the position of precentor
preceptorship
the position of preceptor
prefecture
the office of prefect
prelacy, prelature
the office or station of a prelate
premiership
the office of premier
presidency, presidentship
the office and function of president
primateship
the office of primate
principalship
the post of principal
priorship
the office of prior
proconsulate, proconsulship
the position of proconsul
proctorship
the position of proctor
chair, professorship
the position of professor
protectorship
the position of protector
public office
a position concerning the people as a whole
rabbinate
the office or function of a rabbi
receivership
the office of a receiver
rectorate, rectorship
the office or station of a rector
regency
the office of a regent
residency
the position of physician who is receiving special training in a hospital (usually after completing an internship)
rulership
the position of ruler
sainthood
the status and dignity of a saint
secretaryship
the position of secretary
feudal lordship, seigneury, seigniory
the position and authority of a feudal lord
senatorship
the office of senator
sinecure
an office that involves minimal duties
solicitorship
the position of solicitor
speakership
the position of Speaker
stewardship
the position of steward
studentship
the position of student
teachership
the position of teacher
thaneship
the position of thane
throne
the position and power of an exalted person (a sovereign or bishop) who is entitled to sit in a chair of state on ceremonial occasions
treasurership
the position of treasurer
tribuneship
the position of tribune
trusteeship
the position of trustee
vice-presidency
the office and function of a vice president
viceroyship
the position of viceroy
viziership
the position of vizier
wardenship
the position of warden
wardership
the position of warder
womanhood
the status of a woman
business life, professional life
a career in industrial or commercial or professional activities
airplane mechanics
the craft of building and repairing airplanes
auto mechanics
the craft of building and repairing automobiles
basketry
the craft of basket making
carpentry, woodwork, woodworking
the craft of a carpenter: making things out of wood
drafting, mechanical drawing
the craft of drawing blueprints
dressmaking
the craft of making dresses
electrical work
the craft of an electrician
interior decoration, interior design
the trade of planning the layout and furnishings of an architectural interior
lumbering
the trade of cutting or preparing or selling timber
masonry
the craft of a mason
oculism
the craft of an oculist
house painting, painting
the occupation of a house painter
papermaking
the craft of making paper
pilotage, piloting
the occupation of a pilot
plumbery, plumbing
the occupation of a plumber (installing and repairing pipes and fixtures for water or gas or sewage in a building)
pottery
the craft of making earthenware
learned profession
one of the three professions traditionally believed to require advanced learning and high principles
literature
the profession or art of a writer
architecture
the profession of designing buildings and environments with consideration for their esthetic effect
education
the profession of teaching (especially at a school or college or university)
journalism
the profession of reporting or photographing or editing news stories for one of the media
politics
the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs
pyrotechnics, pyrotechny
the craft of making fireworks
cobbling, shoe repairing, shoemaking
the shoemaker's trade
roofing
the craft of a roofer
sheet-metal work
the craft of doing sheet metal work (as in ventilation systems)
shingling
the laying on of shingles
tailoring
the occupation of a tailor
tool-and-die work
the craft of making special tools and dies
cost accounting
keeping account of the costs of items in production
bookkeeping, clerking
the activity of recording business transactions
inventory accounting
accounting that controls and evaluates inventory
handicraft
a craft that requires skillful hands
paper route
the job of delivering newspapers regularly
mintage
act or process of minting coins
tanning
making leather from rawhide
engineering, technology
the practical application of science to commerce or industry
typography
the craft of composing type and printing from it
undertaking
the trade of a funeral director
upholstery
the craft of upholstering
wine making, winemaking
the craft and science of growing grapes and making wine
Type of:
activity
any specific behavior

n a workplace; as in the expression "on the job";

Type of:
work, workplace
a place where work is done
3

n the performance of a piece of work

“she did an outstanding job as Ophelia”
“he gave it up as a bad job
Type of:
work
activity directed toward making or doing something

n a damaging piece of work

“dry rot did the job of destroying the barn”
“the barber did a real job on my hair”
Type of:
work
activity directed toward making or doing something

n the responsibility to do something

“it is their job to print the truth”
Type of:
duty, obligation, responsibility
the social force that binds you to the courses of action demanded by that force
4

v invest at a risk

Synonyms:
speculate
Types:
bull
try to raise the price of stocks through speculative buying
Type of:
commit, invest, place, put
make an investment
5

v profit privately from public office and official business

Type of:
cheat, chisel
engage in deceitful behavior; practice trickery or fraud
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