An imbalance occurs when you have too much of some things and too little of others. If you put so much pepper in your soup that you can't taste the other spices, then you caused an imbalance in your flavoring.
It’s easy to remember the meaning of imbalance when you break the word into parts. You might recognize the prefix im- as a way to say “not.” Combine that with the familiar word balance, and you come up with something that is decidedly out of whack, or not balanced. It means that something is out of proportion, such as a trade imbalance between nations, meaning the amount of goods they sell to one another is not equal.
n (mathematics) a lack of symmetry
balance, correspondence, symmetricalness, symmetry
(mathematics) an attribute of a shape or relation; exact reflection of form on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane
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geometrical irregularity, irregularity
an irregular asymmetry in shape; an irregular spatial pattern
an oblique or slanting asymmetry
the absence of symmetry about an axis
the property of using one hand more than the other
the property of favoring one foot over the other (as in kicking a ball)
the property of favoring one eye over the other (as in taking aim)
the property of a microphone or antenna of being more sensitive in one direction than in another
the property of being equally skillful with each hand
preference for using the left hand
preference for using the right hand