hurt

If you have a party and no one shows up, you will probably feel hurt: emotionally injured by what's happened.

Hurt comes from the Old French hurte, meaning "collision," or "blow." We still have that violent sense in our word hurtle but we use hurt for a whole range of pains. If you stub your toe, it hurts, and if someone is beating you up you might say, "Stop hurting me!" Someone injured in battle or in sports is described as hurt. If you say something you shouldn't on live radio, you'll hurt your chances of winning an election.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: hurt

1
vnadj
be the source of pain
feelings of mental or physical pain
suffering from physical injury especially that suffered in battle
2
vnadj
cause damage or affect negatively
a damage or loss
damaged inanimate objects or their value
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: hurt
1

v be the source of pain

Synonyms:
ache, smart
Types:
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bite, burn, sting
cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort
burn
feel hot or painful
itch
have or perceive an itch
hunger
feel the need to eat
thirst
feel the need to drink
act up
make itself felt as a recurring pain
throb
pulsate or pound with abnormal force
shoot
cause a sharp and sudden pain in
tickle, titillate, vellicate
touch (a body part) lightly so as to excite the surface nerves and cause uneasiness, laughter, or spasmodic movements
nettle, urticate
sting with or as with nettles and cause a stinging pain or sensation
twang
twitch or throb with pain
prickle, tingle
cause a stinging or tingling sensation
Type of:
cause to be perceived
have perceptible qualities

v give trouble or pain to

“This exercise will hurt your back”
Types:
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injure, wound
cause injuries or bodily harm to
ail, pain, trouble
cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed
disagree with
not be very easily digestible
trample
injure by trampling or as if by trampling
concuss
injure the brain; sustain a concussion
calk
injure with a calk
excruciate, torment, torture
subject to torture
overstretch, pull
strain abnormally
shock, traumatise, traumatize
inflict a trauma upon
maim
injure or wound seriously and leave permanent disfiguration or mutilation
rick, sprain, turn, twist, wrench, wrick
twist suddenly so as to sprain
subluxate
sprain or dislocate slightly
disable, handicap, incapacitate, invalid
injure permanently
harm
cause or do harm to
run down, run over
injure or kill by running over, as with a vehicle
break, fracture
fracture a bone of
break out, erupt, recrudesce
become raw or open
hit, pip, shoot
hit with a missile from a weapon
knife, stab
use a knife on
scrape, skin
bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of
bruise, contuse
injure the underlying soft tissue or bone of
graze
break the skin (of a body part) by scraping
Type of:
indispose
cause to feel unwell

v feel pain or be in pain

Synonyms:
suffer
Antonyms:
be well
be healthy; feel good
Types:
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have
suffer from; be ill with
choke, gag, strangle, suffocate
struggle for breath; have insufficient oxygen intake
ail
be ill or unwell
famish, hunger, starve
be hungry; go without food
Type of:
be
have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun)

v feel physical pain

“Were you hurting after the accident?”
Synonyms:
ache, suffer
Types:
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catch, get
suffer from the receipt of
twinge
feel a sudden sharp, local pain
prick, sting, twinge
cause a stinging pain
kill
be the source of great pain for
prick, prickle
cause a prickling sensation
Type of:
comprehend, perceive
to become aware of through the senses

v cause emotional anguish or make miserable

Synonyms:
anguish, pain
Types:
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break someone's heart
cause deep emotional pain and grief to somebody
agonise, agonize
cause to agonize
try
give pain or trouble to
excruciate, rack, torment, torture
torment emotionally or mentally
Type of:
discomfit, discompose, disconcert, untune, upset
cause to lose one's composure

v hurt the feelings of

“She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests”
Synonyms:
bruise, injure, offend, spite, wound
Types:
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affront, diss, insult
treat, mention, or speak to rudely
lacerate
deeply hurt the feelings of; distress
sting
cause an emotional pain, as if by stinging
abase, chagrin, humble, humiliate, mortify
cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of
crush, demolish, smash
humiliate or depress completely
degrade, demean, disgrace, put down, take down
reduce in worth or character, usually verbally
Type of:
arouse, elicit, enkindle, evoke, fire, kindle, provoke, raise
call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses)

n feelings of mental or physical pain

Synonyms:
suffering
Types:
agony, torment, torture
intense feelings of suffering; acute mental or physical pain
throes
violent pangs of suffering
discomfort, irritation, soreness
an uncomfortable feeling of mental painfulness or distress
Type of:
pain, painfulness
emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid

n any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.

Synonyms:
harm, injury, trauma
Types:
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brain damage
injury to the brain that impairs its functions (especially permanently); can be caused by trauma to the head, infection, hemorrhage, inadequate oxygen, genetic abnormality, etc.
birth trauma
physical injury to an infant during the birth process
blast trauma
injury caused the explosion of a bomb (especially in enclosed spaces)
bleeding, haemorrhage, hemorrhage
the flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessel
blunt trauma
injury incurred when the human body hits or is hit by a large outside object (as a car)
bruise, contusion
an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
bump
a lump on the body caused by a blow
burn
an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation
dislocation
a displacement of a part (especially a bone) from its normal position (as in the shoulder or the vertebral column)
electric shock
trauma caused by the passage of electric current through the body (as from contact with high voltage lines or being struck by lightning); usually involves burns and abnormal heart rhythm and unconsciousness
break, fracture
breaking of hard tissue such as bone
cryopathy, frostbite
destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene
intravasation
entry of foreign matter into a blood vessel
penetrating injury, penetrating trauma
injury incurred when an object (as a knife or bullet or shrapnel) penetrates into the body
pinch
an injury resulting from getting some body part squeezed
rupture
state of being torn or burst open
bite, insect bite, sting
a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect's stinger into skin
strain
injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in swelling and pain
whiplash, whiplash injury
an injury to the neck (the cervical vertebrae) resulting from rapid acceleration or deceleration (as in an automobile accident)
wale, weal, welt, wheal
a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip); characteristic of many allergic reactions
lesion, wound
an injury to living tissue (especially an injury involving a cut or break in the skin)
pull, twist, wrench
a sharp strain on muscles or ligaments
raw wound
a wound that exposes subcutaneous tissue
stigmata
marks resembling the wounds on the crucified body of Christ
abrasion, excoriation, scrape, scratch
an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
cut, gash, slash, slice
a wound made by cutting
laceration
a torn ragged wound
bite
a wound resulting from biting by an animal or a person
bee sting
a sting inflicted by a bee
flea bite
sting inflicted by a flea
mosquito bite
a sting inflicted by a mosquito
haemorrhagic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke
stroke caused by the rupture of a blood vessel in the brain
ecchymosis
the purple or black-and-blue area resulting from a bruise
petechia
a minute red or purple spot on the surface of the skin as the result of tiny hemorrhages of blood vessels in the skin (as in typhoid fever)
black eye, mouse, shiner
a swollen bruise caused by a blow to the eye
electric burn
a burn caused by heat produced by an electric current
scorch, singe
a surface burn
scald
a burn cause by hot liquid or steam
first-degree burn
burn causing redness of the skin surface
second-degree burn
burn causing blisters on the skin and superficial destruction of the dermis
third-degree burn
burn characterized by destruction of both epidermis and dermis
comminuted fracture
fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
complete fracture
break involving the entire width of the bone
compound fracture, open fracture
bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound
compression fracture
fracture in which the bone collapses (especially in short bones such as vertebrae)
depressed fracture
fracture of the skull where the bone is pushed in
displaced fracture
fracture in which the two ends of the broken bone are separated from one another
fatigue fracture, stress fracture
fracture resulting from excessive activity rather than a specific injury
capillary fracture, hairline fracture
a fracture without separation of the fragments and the line of the break being very thin
incomplete fracture
fracture that does not go across the entire width of the bone
impacted fracture
fracture in which one broken end is wedged into the other broken end
closed fracture, simple fracture
an uncomplicated fracture in which the broken bones to not pierce the skin
abarticulation
dislocation of a joint
diastasis
separation of an epiphysis from the long bone to which it is normally attached without fracture of the bone
spondylolisthesis
a forward dislocation of one vertebra over the one beneath it producing pressure on spinal nerves
hernia, herniation
rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
herniated disc, ruptured intervertebral disc, slipped disc
a painful rupture of the fibrocartilage of the disc between spinal vertebrae; occurs most often in the lumbar region
sprain
a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments
immersion foot, trench foot
resembling frostbite but without freezing; resulting from exposure to cold and wet
cerebral hemorrhage
bleeding from a ruptured blood vessel in the brain
blood extravasation
the leakage of blood from a vessel into tissues surrounding it; can occur in injuries or burns or allergic reactions
hyphema
bleeding into the interior chamber of the eye
metrorrhagia
bleeding from the uterus that is not due to menstruation; usually indicative of disease (as cervical cancer)
epistaxis, nosebleed
bleeding from the nose
ulemorrhagia
bleeding of the gums
Type of:
health problem, ill health, unhealthiness
a state in which you are unable to function normally and without pain

n psychological suffering

Synonyms:
distress, suffering
Types:
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anguish, torment, torture
extreme mental distress
self-torment, self-torture
self-imposed distress
tsoris
(Yiddish) trouble and suffering
wound
a figurative injury (to your feelings or pride)
Type of:
pain, painfulness
emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid

n the act of damaging something or someone

Synonyms:
damage, harm, scathe
Types:
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impairment
damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality
defacement, disfiguration, disfigurement
the act of damaging the appearance or surface of something
wound, wounding
the act of inflicting a wound
burn
damage inflicted by fire
defloration
an act that despoils the innocence or beauty of something
scald
the act of burning with steam or hot water
Type of:
change of integrity
the act of changing the unity or wholeness of something

adj suffering from physical injury especially that suffered in battle

“ambulances...for the hurt men and women”
Synonyms:
wounded
injured
harmed
2

v cause damage or affect negatively

“Our business was hurt by the new competition”
Synonyms:
injure
Type of:
damage
inflict damage upon

n a damage or loss

Synonyms:
detriment
Types:
expense
a detriment or sacrifice
Type of:
damage, harm, impairment
the occurrence of a change for the worse

adj damaged inanimate objects or their value

Synonyms:
weakened
damaged
harmed or injured or spoiled
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