herb

What do food, medicine, and perfume have in common? Well, they all can be created from herbs. An herb is a plant that has a soft rather than a woody stem, and it tends to have a unique taste or smell.

There are many kinds of plants, but one that you've likely seen mentioned on a menu or ad for a medical treatment is the herb. Herbs are distinguished from other plants by their stem, which does not become permanent and woody; instead, it stays soft. Many herbs are used in cooking, such as basil and thyme, because they add flavor to foods. Many herbs, like ginseng and chamomile, are used in tea and are believed to be good for your health.

DEFINITIONS OF: herb

1

n a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests

Synonyms:
herbaceous plant
Types:
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Epimedium grandiflorum, barrenwort, bishop's hat
slow-growing creeping plant with semi-evergreen leaves on erect wiry stems; used as ground cover
May apple, Podophyllum peltatum, mayapple, wild mandrake
North American herb with poisonous root stock and edible though insipid fruit
butter-flower, buttercup, butterflower, crowfoot, goldcup, kingcup
any of various plants of the genus Ranunculus
Coptis groenlandica, Coptis trifolia groenlandica, golden thread, goldthread
low-growing perennial of North America woodlands having trifoliate leaves and yellow rootstock and white flowers
Eranthis hyemalis, winter aconite
small Old World perennial herb grown for its bright yellow flowers which appear in early spring often before snow is gone
hepatica, liverleaf
any of several plants of the genus Hepatica having three-lobed leaves and white or pinkish flowers in early spring; of moist and mossy subalpine woodland areas of north temperate regions
Hydrastis Canadensis, golden seal, goldenseal, turmeric root, yellow root
perennial herb of northeastern United States having a thick knotted yellow rootstock and large rounded leaves
Isopyrum biternatum, false rue, false rue anemone
slender erect perennial of eastern North America having tuberous roots and pink-tinged white flowers; resembles meadow rue
Laccopetalum giganteum, giant buttercup
spectacular perennial native of wet montane grasslands of Peru; formerly included in genus Ranunculus
Trautvetteria carolinensis, false bugbane
tall perennial of the eastern United States having large basal leaves and white summer flowers
globe flower, globeflower
any of several plants of the genus Trollius having globose yellow flowers
legume, leguminous plant
an erect or climbing bean or pea plant of the family Leguminosae
clover, trefoil
a plant of the genus Trifolium
Cape periwinkle, Catharanthus roseus, Madagascar periwinkle, Vinca rosea, cayenne jasmine, old maid, periwinkle, red periwinkle, rose periwinkle
commonly cultivated Old World woody herb having large pinkish to red flowers
aroid, arum
any plant of the family Araceae; have small flowers massed on a spadix surrounded by a large spathe
Panax ginseng, Panax pseudoginseng, Panax schinseng, ginseng, nin-sin
Chinese herb with palmately compound leaves and small greenish flowers and forked aromatic roots believed to have medicinal powers
American ginseng, Panax quinquefolius, sang
North American woodland herb similar to and used as substitute for the Chinese ginseng
wild ginger
low-growing perennial herb with pungent gingery leaves and rhizomes
Asarum shuttleworthii, heart-leaf, heartleaf
wild ginger having persistent heart-shaped pungent leaves; West Virginia to Alabama
caryophyllaceous plant
a plant of the family Caryophyllaceae
chickweed, clammy chickweed, mouse ear, mouse eared chickweed, mouse-ear chickweed
any of various plants related to the common chickweed
drypis
spiny-leaved perennial herb of southern Europe having terminal clusters of small flowers
Illecebrum verticullatum, coral necklace
glabrous annual with slender taproot and clusters of white flowers; western Europe especially western Mediterranean and Atlantic coastal areas
chickweed
any of various plants of the genus Stellaria
New Zealand spinach, Tetragonia expansa, Tetragonia tetragonioides
coarse sprawling Australasian plant with red or yellow flowers; cultivated for its edible young shoots and succulent leaves
amaranth
any of various plants of the genus Amaranthus having dense plumes of green or red flowers; often cultivated for food
Amaranthus spinosus, thorny amaranth
erect annual of tropical central Asia and Africa having a pair of divergent spines at most leaf nodes
Celosia argentea, red fox
weedy annual with spikes of silver-white flowers
Celosia argentea cristata, Celosia cristata, cockscomb, common cockscomb
garden annual with featherlike spikes of red or yellow flowers
cottonweed
any of various plants of the genus Froelichia found in sandy soils and on rocky slopes in warmer regions of America; grown for their spikes of woolly white flowers
goosefoot
any of various weeds of the genus Chenopodium having small greenish flowers
orach, orache
any of various herbaceous plants of the genus Atriplex that thrive in deserts and salt marshes
Halogeton glomeratus, halogeton
a coarse annual herb introduced into North America from Siberia; dangerous to sheep and cattle on western rangelands because of its high oxalate content
Halogeton souda, barilla
Algerian plant formerly burned to obtain calcium carbonate
Salicornia europaea, glasswort, samphire
fleshy maritime plant having fleshy stems with rudimentary scalelike leaves and small spikes of minute flowers; formerly used in making glass
pokeweed
perennial of the genus Phytolacca
purslane
a plant of the family Portulacaceae having fleshy succulent obovate leaves often grown as a potherb or salad herb; a weed in some areas
rock purslane
a plant of the genus Calandrinia
Indian lettuce
a plant of the genus Montia having edible pleasant-tasting leaves
cleome, spiderflower
any of various often strong-smelling plants of the genus Cleome having showy spider-shaped flowers
Polanisia dodecandra, Polanisia graveolens, clammyweed
strong-scented herb common in southern United States covered with intermixed gland and hairs
crucifer, cruciferous plant
any of various plants of the family Cruciferae
stone cress, stonecress
any Old World herb of the genus Aethionema; native of sunny limestone habitats
Armoracia rusticana, horse radish, horseradish, red cole
coarse Eurasian plant cultivated for its thick white pungent root
Berteroa incana, hoary alison, hoary alyssum
tall European annual with downy grey-green foliage and dense heads of small white flowers followed by hairy pods; naturalized in North America; sometimes a troublesome weed
Cakile maritima, sea-rocket
salt-tolerant seashore annual grown for its fragrant rose or violet flowers and fleshy grey-green foliage
Crambe maritima, sea cole, sea kale
perennial of coastal sands and shingles of northern Europe and Baltic and Black Seas having racemes of small white flowers and large fleshy blue-green leaves often used as potherbs
Descurainia pinnata, tansy mustard
North American herb with bitter-tasting pinnate leaves resembling those of tansy
Diplotaxis muralis, Diplotaxis tenuifolia, wall rocket
yellow-flowered European plant that grows on old walls and in waste places; an adventive weed in North America
Diplotaxis erucoides, white rocket
from Mediterranean region; a naturalized weed throughout southern Europe
draba
any of numerous low-growing cushion-forming plants of the genus Draba having rosette-forming leaves and terminal racemes of small flowers with scapose or leafy stems; fruit is a dehiscent oblong or linear silique
Eruca sativa, Eruca vesicaria sativa, arugula, garden rocket, rocket, rocket salad, roquette
erect European annual often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender
Hugueninia tanacetifolia, Sisymbrium tanacetifolia, tansy-leaved rocket
perennial stellate and hairy herb with small yellow flowers of mountains of southern Europe; sometimes placed in genus Sisymbrium
woad
any of several herbs of the genus Isatis
bladderpod
any of several hairy North American herbs having yellow racemose flowers and inflated pods
Lunaria annua, honesty, money plant, satin flower, satinpod, silver dollar
southeastern European plant cultivated for its fragrant purplish flowers and round flat papery silver-white seedpods that are used for indoor decoration
bladderpod
any of several plants of the genus Physaria having racemose yellow flowers and inflated pods
Lepidium alpina, Pritzelago alpina, chamois cress
small tufted perennial herb of mountains of central and southern Europe having very small flowers of usually leafless stems; sometimes placed in genus Lepidium
Sisymbrium officinale, hedge mustard
stiffly branching Old World annual with pale yellow flowers; widely naturalized in North America; formerly used medicinally
fringepod, lacepod
annual herb having pinnatifid basal leaves and slender racemes of small white flowers followed by one-seeded winged silicles
bladderpod
annual or perennial herbs with inflated seed pods; some placed in genus Lesquerella
wasabi
a Japanese plant of the family Cruciferae with a thick green root
argemone, devil's fig, prickly poppy, white thistle
any plant of the genus Argemone having large white or yellow flowers and prickly leaves and stems and pods; chiefly of tropical America
Sanguinaria canadensis, bloodroot, puccoon, redroot, tetterwort
perennial woodland native of North America having a red root and red sap and bearing a solitary lobed leaf and white flower in early spring and having acrid emetic properties; rootstock used as a stimulant and expectorant
Fumaria officinalis, fumeroot, fumewort, fumitory
delicate European herb with greyish leaves and spikes of purplish flowers; formerly used medicinally
Dicentra spectabilis, bleeding heart, lyre-flower, lyreflower
garden plant having deep-pink drooping heart-shaped flowers
Dicentra cucullaria, Dutchman's breeches
delicate spring-flowering plant of the eastern United States having white flowers with double spurs
Dicentra canadensis, squirrel corn
American plant with cream-colored flowers and tuberous roots resembling kernels of corn
achillea
any of several plants of the genus Achillea native to Europe and having small white flowers in flat-topped flower heads
Ageratina altissima, Eupatorium rugosum, white sanicle, white snakeroot
American herb having flat-topped clusters of small white flower heads; reputedly a cause of trembles and milk sickness; sometimes placed in genus Eupatorium
Anacyclus pyrethrum, pellitory, pellitory-of-Spain
a small Mediterranean plant containing a volatile oil once used to relieve toothache
andryala
any plant of the genus Andryala having milky sap and heads of bright yellow flowers
Antennaria plantaginifolia, ladies' tobacco, lady's tobacco
North American perennial propagated by means of runners
Antennaria dioica, cat's feet, cat's foot, pussytoes
low-growing perennial herb having leaves with whitish down and clusters of small white flowers
arnica
any of various rhizomatous usually perennial plants of the genus Arnica
Arnoseris minima, dwarf nipplewort, lamb succory
small European herb with small yellow flowers
Ayapana triplinervis, Eupatorium aya-pana, ayapana
low spreading tropical American shrub with long slender leaves used to make a mildly stimulating drink resembling tea; sometimes placed in genus Eupatorium
balsamroot
a plant of the genus Balsamorhiza having downy leaves in a basal rosette and yellow flowers and long balsam-scented taproots
Indian plantain
any of various plants of the genus Cacalia having leaves resembling those of plantain
Carthamus tinctorius, false saffron, safflower
thistlelike Eurasian plant widely grown for its red or orange flower heads and seeds that yield a valuable oil
Anthemis nobilis, Chamaemelum nobilis, camomile, chamomile
Eurasian plant with apple-scented foliage and white-rayed flowers and feathery leaves used medicinally; in some classification systems placed in genus Anthemis
chaenactis
any of several United States plants having long stalks of funnel-shaped white or yellow flowers
Cichorium intybus, chicory, chicory plant, succory
perennial Old World herb having rayed flower heads with blue florets cultivated for its root and its heads of crisp edible leaves used in salads
Cichorium endivia, endive, witloof
widely cultivated herb with leaves valued as salad green; either curly serrated leaves or broad flat ones that are usually blanched
coreopsis, tick-weed, tickseed, tickweed
any of numerous plants of the genus Coreopsis having a profusion of showy usually yellow daisylike flowers over long periods; North and South America
leopard's-bane, leopardbane
any of several herbs of the genus Doronicum having alternate often clasping stem leaves cultivated for their long stalks of yellow flower heads
globe thistle
any of various plants of the genus Echinops having prickly leaves and dense globose heads of bluish flowers
elephant's-foot
any plant of the genus Elephantopus having heads of blue or purple flowers; America
Cacalia javanica, Cacalia lutea, Emilia coccinea, Emilia flammea, Emilia javanica, tassel flower
tropical African annual having scarlet tassel-shaped flower heads; sometimes placed in genus Cacalia
Emilia sagitta, tassel flower
tropical Asiatic annual cultivated for its small tassel-shaped heads of scarlet flowers
Eupatorium cannabinum, hemp agrimony
coarse European herb with palmately divided leaves and clusters of small reddish-purple flower heads
Eupatorium capillifolium, dog fennel
weedy plant of southeastern United States having divided leaves and long clusters of greenish flowers
Eupatorium maculatum, Joe-Pye weed, spotted Joe-Pye weed
North American herb having whorled leaves and terminal clusters of small pinkish or purple flower heads
Eupatorium perfoliatum, agueweed, boneset, thoroughwort
perennial herb of southeastern United States having white-rayed flower heads; formerly used as in folk medicine
Eupatorium purpureum, Joe-Pye weed, marsh milkweed, purple boneset, trumpet weed
North American herb having whorled leaves and terminal clusters of flowers spotted with purple
gum plant, gumweed, rosinweed, tarweed
any of various western American plants of the genus Grindelia having resinous leaves and stems formerly used medicinally; often poisonous to livestock
Haastia pulvinaris, sheep plant, vegetable sheep
cushion-forming New Zealand herb having leaves densely covered with tawny hairs
sneezeweed
any of various plants of the genus Helenium characteristically causing sneezing
hawkweed
any of numerous often hairy plants of the genus Hieracium having yellow or orange flowers that resemble the dandelion
Homogyne alpina, Tussilago alpina, alpine coltsfoot
rhizomatous herb with purple-red flowers suitable for groundcover; sometimes placed in genus Tussilago
inula
any plant of the genus Inula
krigia
any small branched yellow-flowered North American herb of the genus Krigia
lettuce
any of various plants of the genus Lactuca
leopard plant
any of various plants of temperate Eurasia; grown for their yellow flowers and handsome foliage
tarweed
any of various resinous glandular plants of the genus Madia; of western North and South America
German chamomile, Matricaria chamomilla, Matricaria recutita, sweet false chamomile, wild chamomile
annual Eurasian herb similar in fragrance and medicinal uses to chamomile though taste is more bitter and effect is considered inferior
Matricaria matricarioides, pineapple weed, rayless chamomile
annual aromatic weed of Pacific coastal areas (United States and northeastern Asia) having bristle-pointed leaves and rayless yellow flowers
rattlesnake root
a plant of the genus Nabalus
Nabalus serpentarius, Prenanthes serpentaria, gall of the earth, lion's foot
common perennial herb widely distributed in the southern and eastern United States having drooping clusters of pinkish flowers and thick basal leaves suggesting a lion's foot in shape; sometimes placed in genus Prenanthes
butterweed
any of several yellow-flowered plants of the genus Packera; often placed in genus Senecio
Packera aurea, Senecio aureus, golden groundsel, golden ragwort
weedy herb of the eastern United States to Texas having golden-yellow flowers; sometimes becomes invasive; sometimes placed in genus Senecio
Petasites hybridus, Petasites vulgaris, bog rhubarb, butterbur
small Eurasian herb having broad leaves and lilac-pink rayless flowers; found in moist areas
Petasites fragrans, sweet coltsfoot, winter heliotrope
European herb with vanilla-scented white-pink flowers
Petasites sagitattus, sweet coltsfoot
American sweet-scented herb
hawkweed
any of various plants of the genus Pilosella
stevia
any plant of the genus Piqueria or the closely related genus Stevia
Prenanthes purpurea, rattlesnake root
herb of central and southern Europe having purple florets
Pteropogon humboltianum, pteropogon
southern Australian plant having feathery hairs surrounding the fruit
Pulicaria dysenterica, feabane mullet, fleabane
hairy perennial Eurasian herb with yellow daisylike flowers reputed to destroy or drive away fleas
Raoulia australis, Raoulia lutescens, sheep plant, vegetable sheep
perennial prostrate mat-forming herb with hoary woolly foliage
Sanvitalia procumbens, creeping zinnia
low-branching leafy annual with flower heads resembling zinnias; found in southwestern United States and Mexico to Guatemala
Saussurea costus, Saussurea lappa, costusroot
annual herb of the eastern Himalayas (Kashmir) having purple florets and a fragrant root that yields a volatile oil used in perfumery and for preserving furs
Scorzonera hispanica, black salsify, scorzonera, viper's grass
perennial south European herb having narrow entire leaves and solitary yellow flower heads and long black edible roots shaped like carrots
Serratula tinctoria, sawwort
European perennial whose serrate leaves yield a yellow dye
Our Lady's mild thistle, Silybum marianum, blessed thistle, holy thistle, lady's thistle, milk thistle
tall Old World biennial thistle with large clasping white-blotched leaves and purple flower heads; naturalized in California and South America
stevia
any plant of the genus Stevia or the closely related genus Piqueria having glutinous foliage and white or purplish flowers; Central and South America
Chrysanthemum balsamita, Tanacetum balsamita, alecost, balsam herb, bible leaf, costmary, mint geranium
tansy-scented Eurasian perennial herb with buttonlike yellow flowers; used as potherb or salad green and sometimes for potpourri or tea or flavoring; sometimes placed in genus Chrysanthemum
Tanacetum camphoratum, camphor dune tansy
densely hairy plant with rayless flowers; San Francisco Bay area
Chrysanthemum cinerariifolium, Dalmatia pyrethrum, Dalmatian pyrethrum, Tanacetum cinerariifolium, pyrethrum
white-flowered pyrethrum of Balkan area whose pinnate leaves are white and silky-hairy below; source of an insecticide; sometimes placed in genus Chrysanthemum
Chrysanthemum parthenium, Tanacetum parthenium, feverfew
bushy aromatic European perennial herb having clusters of buttonlike white-rayed flower heads; valued traditionally for medicinal uses; sometimes placed in genus Chrysanthemum
blowball, dandelion
any of several herbs of the genus Taraxacum having long tap roots and deeply notched leaves and bright yellow flowers followed by fluffy seed balls
Tragopogon porrifolius, oyster plant, salsify, vegetable oyster
Mediterranean biennial herb with long-stemmed heads of purple ray flowers and milky sap and long edible root; naturalized throughout United States
Trilisa odoratissima, wild vanilla
perennial of southeastern United States with leaves having the fragrance of vanilla
Matricaria inodorum, Tripleurospermum inodorum, corn mayweed, scentless camomile, scentless false camomile, scentless hayweed, scentless mayweed
ubiquitous European annual weed with white flowers and finely divided leaves naturalized and sometimes cultivated in eastern North America; sometimes included in genus Matricaria
Matricaria oreades, Tripleurospermum oreades tchihatchewii, turfing daisy
mat-forming perennial herb of Asia Minor; sometimes included in genus Matricaria
Matricaria tchihatchewii, Tripleurospermum tchihatchewii, turfing daisy
low densely tufted perennial herb of Turkey having small white flowers; used as a ground cover in dry places; sometimes included in genus Matricaria
Tussilago farfara, coltsfoot
perennial herb with large rounded leaves resembling a colt's foot and yellow flowers appearing before the leaves do; native to Europe but now nearly cosmopolitan; used medicinally especially formerly
ironweed, vernonia
any of various plants of the genus Vernonia of tropical and warm regions of especially North America that take their name from their loose heads of purple to rose flowers that quickly take on a rusty hue
loasa
any of various perennial South American plants of the genus Loasa having stinging hairs and showy white or yellow or reddish-orange flowers
bellflower, campanula
any of various plants of the genus Campanula having blue or white bell-shaped flowers
primrose, primula
any of numerous short-stemmed plants of the genus Primula having tufted basal leaves and showy flowers clustered in umbels or heads
pimpernel
any of several plants of the genus Anagallis
Glaux maritima, black saltwort, sea milkwort, sea trifoly
a small fleshy herb common along North American seashores and in brackish marshes having pink or white flowers
loosestrife
any of various herbs and subshrubs of the genus Lysimachia
plumbago
any plumbaginaceous plant of the genus Plumbago
graminaceous plant, gramineous plant
cosmopolitan herbaceous or woody plants with hollow jointed stems and long narrow leaves
herbage, pasturage
succulent herbaceous vegetation of pasture land
bur reed
marsh plant having elongated linear leaves and round prickly fruit
lobelia
any plant or flower of the genus Lobelia
Abelmoschus esculentus, Hibiscus esculentus, gumbo, lady's-finger, okra, okra plant
tall coarse annual of Old World tropics widely cultivated in southern United States and West Indies for its long mucilaginous green pods used as basis for soups and stews; sometimes placed in genus Hibiscus
vegetable
any of various herbaceous plants cultivated for an edible part such as the fruit or the root of the beet or the leaf of spinach or the seeds of bean plants or the flower buds of broccoli or cauliflower
simple
any herbaceous plant having medicinal properties
Galax urceolata, beetleweed, coltsfoot, galax, galaxy, wandflower
tufted evergreen perennial herb having spikes of tiny white flowers and glossy green round to heart-shaped leaves that become coppery to maroon or purplish in fall
pyrola, wintergreen
any of several evergreen perennials of the genus Pyrola
pipsissewa, prince's pine
any of several plants of the genus Chimaphila
Moneses uniflora, Pyrola uniflora, one-flowered pyrola, one-flowered wintergreen
delicate evergreen dwarf herb of north temperate regions having a solitary white terminal flower; sometimes placed in genus Pyrola
American columbo, American gentian, columbo, deer's-ear, deer's-ears, pyramid plant
any of various tall perennial herbs constituting the genus Frasera; widely distributed in warm dry upland areas of California, Oregon, and Washington
Frasera speciosa, Swertia speciosa, green gentian
tall herb with panicles of white flowers flushed with green; northwestern United States; sometimes placed in genus Swertia
Swertia perennia, marsh felwort
perennial of damp places in mountains of Eurasia and North America having dull-colored blue or violet flowers
bloodwort
any of various plants of the family Haemodoraceae; roots contain a deep red coloring matter
Anigozanthus manglesii, Australian sword lily, kangaroo paw, kangaroo's paw, kangaroo's-foot, kangaroo-foot plant
sedgelike spring-flowering herb having clustered flowers covered with woolly hairs; Australia
willowherb
a plant of the genus Epilobium having pink or yellow flowers and seeds with silky hairs
evening primrose
any of several plants of the family Onagraceae
canna
any plant of the genus Canna having large sheathing leaves and clusters of large showy flowers
maranta
any of numerous herbs of the genus Maranta having tuberous starchy roots and large sheathing leaves
banana, banana tree
any of several tropical and subtropical treelike herbs of the genus Musa having a terminal crown of large entire leaves and usually bearing hanging clusters of elongated fruits
Abyssinian banana, Ensete ventricosum, Ethiopian banana, Musa ensete
large evergreen arborescent herb having huge paddle-shaped leaves and bearing inedible fruit that resemble bananas but edible young flower shoots; sometimes placed in genus Musa
Strelitzia reginae, bird of paradise
ornamental plant of tropical South Africa and South America having stalks of orange and purplish-blue flowers resembling a bird
ginger
perennial plants having thick branching aromatic rhizomes and leafy reedlike stems
Curcuma domestica, Curcuma longa, turmeric
widely cultivated tropical plant of India having yellow flowers and a large aromatic deep yellow rhizome; source of a condiment and a yellow dye
Aframomum melegueta, Guinea grains, Guinea pepper, grains of paradise, melagueta pepper
West African plant bearing pungent peppery seeds
Elettaria cardamomum, cardamom, cardamon
rhizomatous herb of India having aromatic seeds used as seasoning
reseda
any plant of the genus Reseda
viola
any of the numerous plants of the genus Viola
bog hemp, false nettle
any of several flowering weeds of the genus Boehmeria lacking stinging hairs
Parietaria difussa, pellitory, pellitory-of-the-wall, wall pellitory
herb that grows in crevices having long narrow leaves and small pink apetalous flowers
flame flower, flame-flower, flameflower, kniphofia, tritoma
a plant of the genus Kniphofia having long grasslike leaves and tall scapes of red or yellow drooping flowers
Asparagus officinales, asparagus, edible asparagus
plant whose succulent young shoots are cooked and eaten as a vegetable
Asparagus plumosus, Asparagus setaceous, asparagus fern
a fernlike plant native to South Africa
Aspidistra elatio, aspidistra, bar-room plant, cast-iron plant
evergreen perennial with large handsome basal leaves; grown primarily as a foliage houseplant
Bowiea volubilis, climbing onion
much-branched leafless twining South African herb cultivated as an ornamental for its bright green stems growing from large aboveground bulbs
day lily, plantain lily
any of numerous perennials having mounds of sumptuous broad ribbed leaves and clusters of white, blue, or lilac flowers; used as ground cover
Paris quadrifolia, herb Paris
European herb with yellow-green flowers resembling and closely related to the trilliums; reputed to be poisonous
Indian arrowroot, Tacca leontopetaloides, Tacca pinnatifida, pia
perennial herb of East Indies to Polynesia and Australia; cultivated for its large edible root yielding Otaheite arrowroot starch
flax
plant of the genus Linum that is cultivated for its seeds and for the fibers of its stem
Cassia marilandica, Senna marilandica, wild senna
North American perennial herb; leaves are used medicinally; sometimes placed in genus Cassia
Anthyllis vulneraria, kidney vetch
perennial Eurasian herb having heads of red or yellow flowers and common in meadows and pastures; formerly used medicinally for kidney disorders
crotalaria, rattlebox
any of various plants of the genus Crotalaria having inflated pods within which the seeds rattle; used for pasture and green-manure crops
Desmanthus ilinoensis, prairie mimosa, prickle-weed
perennial herb of North American prairies having dense heads of small white flowers
Galega officinalis, goat rue, goat's rue
tall bushy European perennial grown for its pinnate foliage and slender spikes of blue flowers; sometimes used medicinally
Glycyrrhiza glabra, licorice, liquorice
deep-rooted coarse-textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots
American licorice, American liquorice, Glycyrrhiza lepidota, wild licorice, wild liquorice
North American plant similar to true licorice and having a root with similar properties
Lotus tetragonolobus, asparagus pea, winged pea
sprawling European annual having a 4-winged edible pod
medic, medick, trefoil
any of several Old World herbs of the genus Medicago having small flowers and trifoliate compound leaves
Onobrychis viciaefolia, Onobrychis viciifolia, esparcet, holy clover, sainfoin, sanfoin
Eurasian perennial herb having pale pink flowers and curved pods; naturalized in Britain and North America grasslands on calcareous soils; important forage crop and source of honey in Britain
Parochetus communis, shamrock pea
trailing trifoliate Asiatic and African herb having cobalt blue flowers
Indian breadroot, Psoralea esculenta, breadroot, pomme blanche, pomme de prairie
densely hairy perennial of central North America having edible tuberous roots
bush pea
any of various plants of the genus Thermopsis having trifoliate leaves and yellow or purple racemose flowers
Trigonella ornithopodioides, bird's foot trefoil
Old World herb related to fenugreek
Greek clover, Trigonella foenumgraecum, fenugreek
annual herb or southern Europe and eastern Asia having off-white flowers and aromatic seeds used medicinally and in curry
plantain
any of numerous plants of the genus Plantago; mostly small roadside or dooryard weeds with elliptic leaves and small spikes of very small flowers; seeds of some used medicinally
Fagopyrum esculentum, Polygonum fagopyrum, buckwheat
a member of the genus Fagopyrum; annual Asian plant with clusters of small pinkish white flowers and small edible triangular seeds which are used whole or ground into flour
rhubarb, rhubarb plant
plants having long green or reddish acidic leafstalks growing in basal clumps; stems (and only the stems) are edible when cooked; leaves are poisonous
dock, sorrel, sour grass
any of certain coarse weedy plants with long taproots, sometimes used as table greens or in folk medicine
dayflower, spiderwort
any plant of the family Commelinaceae
Ananas comosus, pineapple, pineapple plant
a tropical American plant bearing a large fleshy edible fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves; widely cultivated in the tropics
agrimonia, agrimony
a plant of the genus Agrimonia having spikelike clusters of small yellow flowers
strawberry
any of various low perennial herbs with many runners and bearing white flowers followed by edible fruits having many small achenes scattered on the surface of an enlarged red pulpy berry
Poterium sanguisorba, burnet bloodwort, pimpernel, salad burnet
European garden herb with purple-tinged flowers and leaves that are sometimes used for salads
bedstraw
any of several plants of the genus Galium
Triostium perfoliatum, feverroot, horse gentian, tinker's root, wild coffee
coarse weedy American perennial herb with large usually perfoliate leaves and purple or dull red flowers
teasel, teasle, teazel
any of several herbs of the genus Dipsacus native to the Old World having flower heads surrounded by spiny bracts
Impatiens capensis, celandine, jewelweed, lady's earrings, orange balsam, touch-me-not
North American annual plant with usually yellow or orange flowers; grows chiefly on wet rather acid soil
geranium
any of numerous plants of the family Geraniaceae
oxalis, sorrel, wood sorrel
any plant or flower of the genus Oxalis
Ruta graveolens, herb of grace, rue
European strong-scented perennial herb with grey-green bitter-tasting leaves; an irritant similar to poison ivy
Dictamnus alba, burning bush, dittany, fraxinella, gas plant
Eurasian perennial herb with white flowers that emit flammable vapor in hot weather
nasturtium
any tropical American plant of the genus Tropaeolum having pungent juice and long-spurred yellow to red flowers
carnivorous plant
plants adapted to attract and capture and digest primarily insects but also other small animals
Australian pitcher plant, Cephalotus follicularis
a carnivorous perennial herb having a green pitcher and hinged lid both with red edges; western Australia
sedum
any of various plants of the genus Sedum
breakstone, rockfoil, saxifrage
any of various plants of the genus Saxifraga
astilbe
any plant of the genus Astilbe having compound leaves and showy panicles of tiny colorful flowers
bergenia
any plant of the genus Bergenia; valued as an evergreen ground cover and for the spring blossoms
Darmera peltata, Indian rhubarb, Peltiphyllum peltatum, umbrella plant
rhizomatous perennial herb with large dramatic peltate leaves and white to bright pink flowers in round heads on leafless stems; colonizes stream banks in the Sierra Nevada in California
alumbloom, alumroot
any of several herbs of the genus Heuchera
bishop's cap, miterwort, mitrewort
any of various rhizomatous perennial herbs of the genus Mitella having a capsule resembling a bishop's miter
suksdorfia
any of several American plants of the genus Suksdorfia having orbicular to kidney-shaped somewhat succulent leaves and white or rose or violet flowers in terminal panicles
Tiarella cordifolia, coolwart, false miterwort, false mitrewort, foamflower
stoloniferous white-flowered spring-blooming woodland plant
Tolmiea menziesii, pickaback plant, piggyback plant, youth-on-age
vigorous perennial herb with flowers in erect racemes and having young plants develop at the junction of a leaf blade and the leafstalk
polemonium
any plant of the genus Polemonium; most are low-growing often foul-smelling plants of temperate to Arctic regions
phlox
any polemoniaceous plant of the genus Phlox; chiefly North American; cultivated for their clusters of flowers
acanthus
any plant of the genus Acanthus having large spiny leaves and spikes or white or purplish flowers; native to Mediterranean region but widely cultivated
Borago officinalis, borage, tailwort
hairy blue-flowered European annual herb long used in herbal medicine and eaten raw as salad greens or cooked like spinach
Amsinckia intermedia, common amsinckia
annual of western United States with coiled spikes of yellow-orange coiled flowers
Amsinckia grandiflora, large-flowered fiddleneck
annual of the western United States having large coiled flower spikes; a threatened species
anchusa
any of various Old World herbs of the genus Anchusa having one-sided clusters of trumpet-shaped flowers
Chinese forget-me-not, Cynoglossum amabile
biennial east Asian herb grown for its usually bright blue flowers
Cynoglossum officinale, hound's-tongue
biennial shrub of Europe and western Asia having coarse tongue-shaped leaves and dark reddish-purple flowers
Cynoglossum virginaticum, hound's-tongue
perennial shrub of North America having coarse tongue-shaped leaves and pale-blue to purple flowers
Echium vulgare, blue devil, blue thistle, blueweed, viper's bugloss
a coarse prickly European weed with spikes of blue flowers; naturalized in United States
stickweed
any of several herbaceous plants having seeds that cling to clothing
Lithospermum officinale, gromwell
European perennial branching plant; occurs in hedgerows and at the edge of woodlands
Lithospermum caroliniense, puccoon
perennial plant of eastern North America having hairy foliage yielding a red or yellow pigment
Indian paint, Lithospermum canescens, hoary puccoon
perennial North American plant with greyish hairy foliage yielding a red or yellow pigment
Mertensia virginica, Virginia bluebell, Virginia cowslip
smooth erect herb of eastern North America having entire leaves and showy blue flowers that are pink in bud
Myosotis sylvatica, garden forget-me-not
small biennial to perennial herb of Europe, northern Africa and western Asia having blue, purple or white flowers
Myosotis scorpiodes, forget-me-not, mouse ear
small perennial herb having bright blue or white flowers
false gromwell
any of several North American perennial herbs with hairy foliage and small yellowish or greenish flowers
comfrey, cumfrey
perennial herbs of Europe and Iran; make rapidly growing groundcover for shaded areas
gesneria
any plant of the genus Gesneria
waterleaf
any of several plants of the genus Hydrophyllum
California yellow bells, Emmanthe penduliflora, whispering bells, yellow bells
viscid herb of arid or desert habitats of southwestern United States having pendulous yellow flowers
nemophila
any plant of the genus Nemophila
Nemophila menziesii, baby blue-eyes
delicate California annual having blue flowers marked with dark spots
Nemophila aurita, Pholistoma auritum, fiesta flower
straggling California annual herb with deep purple or violet flowers; sometimes placed in genus Nemophila
Acinos arvensis, Satureja acinos, basil balm, basil thyme, mother of thyme
fragrant European mint having clusters of small violet-and-white flowers; naturalized especially in eastern North America
giant hyssop
any of a number of aromatic plants of the genus Agastache
bugle, bugleweed
any of various low-growing annual or perennial evergreen herbs native to Eurasia; used for ground cover
Ballota nigra, black archangel, black horehound, fetid horehound, stinking horehound
ill-smelling European herb with rugose leaves and whorls of dark purple flowers
wood mint
American herb of genus Blephilia with more or less hairy leaves and clusters of purplish or bluish flowers
calamint
perennial aromatic herbs growing in hedgerows or scrub or open woodlands from western Europe to central Asia and in North America
Clinopodium vulgare, Satureja vulgaris, cushion calamint, wild basil
aromatic herb having heads of small pink or whitish flowers; widely distributed in United States, Europe and Asia
Collinsonia canadensis, horse balm, horseweed, richweed, stone root, stone-root, stoneroot
erect perennial strong-scented with serrate pointed leaves and a loose panicle of yellowish flowers; the eastern United States
coleus, flame nettle
any of various Old World tropical plants of the genus Coleus having multicolored decorative leaves and spikes of blue flowers
Dracocephalum parviflorum, dragon's head, dragonhead
American herb having sharply serrate lanceolate leaves and spikes of blue to violet flowers
elsholtzia
any of various aromatic herbs of the genus Elsholtzia having blue or purple flowers in one-sided spikes
Galeopsis tetrahit, dead nettle, hemp nettle
coarse bristly Eurasian plant with white or reddish flowers and foliage resembling that of a nettle; common as a weed in United States
American pennyroyal, Hedeoma pulegioides, pennyroyal
erect hairy branching American herb having purple-blue flowers; yields an essential oil used as an insect repellent and sometimes in folk medicine
Hyssopus officinalis, hyssop
a European mint with aromatic and pungent leaves used in perfumery and as a seasoning in cookery; often cultivated as a remedy for bruises; yields hyssop oil
dead nettle
any of various plants of the genus Lamium having clusters of small usually purplish flowers with two lips
Cape dagga, Leonotis leonurus, dagga, red dagga, wilde dagga
relatively nontoxic South African herb smoked like tobacco
Leonotis nepetaefolia, Leonotis nepetifolia, lion's-ear
pantropical herb having whorls of striking lipped flowers; naturalized in United States
Leonurus cardiaca, motherwort
bitter Old World herb of hedgerows and woodland margins having toothed leaves and white or pale pink flowers
Lycopus virginicus, bugleweed
a mildly narcotic and astringent aromatic herb having small whitish flowers; eastern United States
Lycopus americanus, water horehound
aromatic perennial herb of United States
Lycopus europaeus, gipsywort, gypsywort
hairy Eurasian herb with two-lipped white flowers
origanum
any of various fragrant aromatic herbs of the genus Origanum used as seasonings
horehound
any of various aromatic herbs of the genus Marrubium
Melissa officinalis, bee balm, beebalm, garden balm, lemon balm, sweet balm
bushy perennial Old World mint having small white or yellowish flowers and fragrant lemon-flavored leaves; a garden escapee in northern Europe and North America
mint
any north temperate plant of the genus Mentha with aromatic leaves and small mauve flowers
Micromeria chamissonis, Micromeria douglasii, Satureja douglasii, yerba buena
trailing perennial evergreen herb of northwestern United States with small white flowers; used medicinally
Micromeria juliana, savory
dwarf aromatic shrub of Mediterranean regions
Molucella laevis, bells of Ireland, molucca balm
aromatic annual with a tall stems of small whitish flowers enclosed in a greatly enlarged saucer-shaped or bell-shaped calyx
monarda, wild bergamot
any of various aromatic herbs of the genus Monarda
Monardella lanceolata, mustang mint
fragrant California annual herb having lanceolate leaves and clusters of rose-purple flowers
Nepeta cataria, catmint, catnip
hairy aromatic perennial herb having whorls of small white purple-spotted flowers in a terminal spike; used in the past as a domestic remedy; strongly attractive to cats
basil
any of several Old World tropical aromatic annual or perennial herbs of the genus Ocimum
Perilla frutescens crispa, beefsteak plant
plant grown for its ornamental red or purple foliage
physostegia
any of various plants of the genus Physostegia having sessile linear to oblong leaves and showy white or rose or lavender flowers
Prunella vulgaris, heal all, self-heal
decumbent blue-flowered European perennial thought to possess healing properties; naturalized throughout North America
mountain mint
any of a number of perennial herbs of the genus Pycnanthemum; eastern North America and California
Rosmarinus officinalis, rosemary
widely cultivated for its fragrant grey-green leaves used in cooking and in perfumery
sage, salvia
any of various plants of the genus Salvia; a cosmopolitan herb
savory
any of several aromatic herbs or subshrubs of the genus Satureja having spikes of flowers attractive to bees
helmetflower, skullcap
a herbaceous plant of the genus Scutellaria which has a calyx that, when inverted, resembles a helmet with its visor raised
Scutellaria lateriflora, blue pimpernel, blue skullcap, mad-dog skullcap, mad-dog weed
an American mint that yields a resinous exudate used especially formerly as an antispasmodic
Stachys sylvatica, dead nettle, hedge nettle
foul-smelling perennial Eurasiatic herb with a green creeping rhizome
Stachys palustris, hedge nettle
perennial herb with an odorless rhizome widespread in moist places in northern hemisphere
thyme
any of various mints of the genus Thymus
Martynia annua, martynia
sprawling annual or perennial herb of Central America and West Indies having creamy-white to red-purple bell-shaped flowers followed by unusual horned fruit
Sesamum indicum, benne, benni, benny, sesame
East Indian annual erect herb; source of sesame seed or benniseed and sesame oil
Proboscidea louisianica, common devil's claw, common unicorn plant, devil's claw, elephant-tusk, proboscis flower, ram's horn
annual of southern United States to Mexico having large whitish or yellowish flowers mottled with purple and a long curving beak
Martynia arenaria, Proboscidea arenaria, sand devil's claw
alternatively placed in genus Martynia
Martynia fragrans, Proboscidea fragrans, sweet unicorn plant
a herbaceous plant of the genus Proboscidea
Aureolaria pedicularia, Gerardia pedicularia, false foxglove
multi-stemmed North American annual having solitary axillary dark golden-yellow flowers resembling those of the foxglove; sometimes placed in genus Gerardia
Aureolaria virginica, Gerardia virginica, false foxglove
sparsely branched North American perennial with terminal racemes of bright yellow flowers resembling those of the foxglove; sometimes placed in genus Gerardia
digitalis, foxglove
any of several plants of the genus Digitalis
flannel leaf, mullein, velvet plant
any of various plants of the genus Verbascum having large usually woolly leaves and terminal spikes of yellow or white or purplish flowers
Solanum melongena, aubergine, brinjal, eggplant, eggplant bush, garden egg, mad apple
hairy upright herb native to southeastern Asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable
Atropa belladonna, belladonna, belladonna plant, deadly nightshade
perennial Eurasian herb with reddish bell-shaped flowers and shining black berries; extensively grown in United States; roots and leaves yield atropine
Hyoscyamus niger, black henbane, henbane, stinking nightshade
poisonous fetid Old World herb having sticky hairy leaves and yellow-brown flowers; yields hyoscyamine and scopolamine
Egyptian henbane, Hyoscyamus muticus
poisonous herb whose leaves are a source of hyoscyamine
Lycopersicon esculentum, love apple, tomato, tomato plant
native to South America; widely cultivated in many varieties
Mandragora officinarum, devil's apples, mandrake
a plant of southern Europe and North Africa having purple flowers, yellow fruits and a forked root formerly thought to have magical powers
Nicandra physaloides, apple of Peru, shoo fly
coarse South American herb grown for its blue-and-white flowers followed by a bladderlike fruit enclosing a dry berry
tobacco, tobacco plant
aromatic annual or perennial herbs and shrubs
cupflower, nierembergia
any of various plants of the genus Nierembergia having upturned bell-shaped flowers
ground cherry, husk tomato
any of numerous cosmopolitan annual or perennial herbs of the genus Physalis bearing edible fleshy berries enclosed in a bladderlike husk; some cultivated for their flowers
salpiglossis
any plant of the genus Salpiglossis
Scopolia carniolica
herb that is a source of scopolamine
Mercurialis annua, boys-and-girls, herb mercury, herbs mercury
Eurafrican annual naturalized in America as a weed; formerly dried for use as a purgative, diuretic or antisyphilitic
Mercurialis perennis, dog mercury, dog's mercury
European perennial weedy plant with greenish flowers
Cnidoscolus urens, Jatropha stimulosus, Jatropha urens, devil nettle, pica-pica, spurge nettle, tread-softly
a stinging herb of tropical America
umbellifer, umbelliferous plant
any of numerous aromatic herbs of the family Umbelliferae
Anethum graveolens, dill
aromatic Old World herb having aromatic threadlike foliage and seeds used as seasoning
angelica, angelique
any of various tall and stout herbs of the genus Angelica having pinnately compound leaves and small white or greenish flowers in compound umbels
Anthriscus cereifolium, beaked parsley, chervil
aromatic annual Old World herb cultivated for its finely divided and often curly leaves for use especially in soups and salads
Anthriscus sylvestris, cow parsley, wild chervil
coarse erect biennial Old World herb introduced as a weed in eastern North America
Apium graveolens, wild celery
herb of Europe and temperate Asia
Apium graveolens dulce, celery, cultivated celery
widely cultivated herb with aromatic leaf stalks that are eaten raw or cooked
Apium graveolens rapaceum, celeriac, celery root, knob celery, root celery, turnip-rooted celery
grown for its thickened edible aromatic root
astrantia, masterwort
any plant of the genus Astrantia
Carum carvi, caraway
a Eurasian plant with small white flowers yielding caraway seed
Conopodium denudatum, earthnut
a common European plant having edible tubers with the flavor of roasted chestnuts
Chinese parsley, Coriandrum sativum, cilantro, coriander, coriander plant
Old World herb with aromatic leaves and seed resembling parsley
Cuminum cyminum, cumin
dwarf Mediterranean annual long cultivated for its aromatic seeds
Daucus carota sativa, carrot, cultivated carrot
perennial plant widely cultivated as an annual in many varieties for its long conical orange edible roots; temperate and tropical regions
Eryngium aquaticum, button snakeroot
coarse prickly perennial eryngo with aromatic roots; southeastern United States; often confused with rattlesnake master
fennel
any of several aromatic herbs having edible seeds and leaves and stems
Heracleum sphondylium, cow parsnip, hogweed
tall coarse plant having thick stems and cluster of white to purple flowers
Levisticum officinale, lovage
herb native to southern Europe; cultivated for its edible stalks and foliage and seeds
Myrrhis odorata, sweet cicely
European herb with soft ferny leaves and white flowers
Pastinaca sativa, parsnip
a strong-scented plant cultivated for its edible root
Petroselinum crispum, parsley
annual or perennial herb with aromatic leaves
Pimpinella anisum, anise, anise plant
native to Egypt but cultivated widely for its aromatic seeds and the oil from them used medicinally and as a flavoring in cookery
sanicle, snakeroot
a plant of the genus Sanicula having palmately compound leaves and unisexual flowers in panicled umbels followed by bristly fruit; reputed to have healing powers
moon carrot, stone parsley
any plant of the genus Seseli having dense umbels of small white or pink flowers and finely divided foliage
Sison amomum, stone parsley
a slender roadside herb of western Europe and Mediterranean areas that has foliage resembling parsley and has white flowers with aromatic seeds
Alexander, Alexanders, Smyrnium olusatrum, black lovage, horse parsley
European herb somewhat resembling celery widely naturalized in Britain coastal regions and often cultivated as a potherb
corn salad
a plant of the genus Valerianella
wort
usually used in combination: `liverwort'; `milkwort'; `whorlywort'
peperomia
any of various plants of the genus Peperomia; grown primarily for their often succulent foliage
Anemopsis californica, yerba mansa
stoloniferous herb of southwestern United States and Mexico having a pungent rootstock and small spicate flowers with white bracts suggesting an anemone
asclepiad
any plant of the family Asclepiadaceae
milkweed, silkweed
any of numerous plants of the genus Asclepias having milky juice and pods that split open releasing seeds with downy tufts
carrion flower, stapelia, starfish flower
any of various plants of the genus Stapelia having succulent leafless toothed stems resembling cacti and large foul-smelling (often star-shaped) flowers
Ranunculus acris, meadow buttercup, tall buttercup, tall crowfoot, tall field buttercup
perennial European buttercup with yellow spring flowers widely naturalized especially in eastern North America
Ranunculus bulbosus, common buttercup
perennial Old World buttercup with golden to sulphur yellow flowers in late spring to early summer; naturalized in North America
Mount Cook lily, Ranunculus lyalii, mountain lily
showy white-flowered perennial of New Zealand
Ranunculus occidentalis, western buttercup
perennial of western North America
Ranunculus repens, creeping buttercup, creeping crowfoot
perennial European herb with long creeping stolons
Ranunculus sceleratus, celery-leaved buttercup, cursed crowfoot
annual herb growing in marshy places
Arachis hypogaea, peanut, peanut vine
widely cultivated American plant cultivated in tropical and warm regions; showy yellow flowers on stalks that bend over to the soil so that seed pods ripen underground
Trifolium alpinum, alpine clover
European mountain clover with fragrant usually pink flowers
Trifolium dubium, hop clover, lesser yellow trefoil, shamrock
clover native to Ireland with yellowish flowers; often considered the true or original shamrock
Italian clover, Trifolium incarnatum, crimson clover
southern European annual with spiky heads of crimson flower; extensively cultivated in United States for forage
Trifolium pratense, purple clover, red clover
erect to decumbent short-lived perennial having red-purple to pink flowers; the most commonly grown forage clover
Trifolium reflexum, Trifolium stoloniferum, buffalo clover
clover of western United States
Trifolium repens, dutch clover, shamrock, white clover
creeping European clover having white to pink flowers and bright green leaves; naturalized in United States; widely grown for forage
Arum maculatum, cuckoopint, jack-in-the-pulpit, lords-and-ladies
common European arum with lanceolate spathe and short purple spadix; emerges in early spring; source of a starch called arum
Arum palaestinum, black calla
ornamental plant of Middle East cultivated for its dark purple spathe
alocasia, elephant ear, elephant's ear
any plant of the genus Alocasia having large showy basal leaves and boat-shaped spathe and reddish berries
amorphophallus
any plant of the genus Amorphophallus
Amorphophallus campanulatus, Amorphophallus paeonifolius, elephant yam, pungapung, telingo potato
putrid-smelling aroid of southeastern Asia (especially the Philippines) grown for its edible tuber
Amorphophallus rivieri, devil's tongue, snake palm, umbrella arum
foul-smelling somewhat fleshy tropical plant of southeastern Asia cultivated for its edible corms or in the greenhouse for its large leaves and showy dark red spathe surrounding a large spadix
Amorphophallus titanum, krubi, titan arum
malodorous tropical plant having a spathe that resembles the corolla of a morning glory and attains a diameter of several feet
Arisaema atrorubens, Arisaema triphyllum, Indian turnip, jack-in-the-pulpit, wake-robin
common American spring-flowering woodland herb having sheathing leaves and an upright club-shaped spadix with overarching green and purple spathe producing scarlet berries
Arisaema dracontium, green dragon
early spring-flowering plant of eastern North America resembling the related jack-in-the-pulpit but having digitate leaves, slender greenish yellow spathe and elongated spadix
Arisarum vulgare, friar's-cowl
tuberous perennial having a cowl-shaped maroon or violet-black spathe; Mediterranean; Canaries; Azores
caladium
any plant of the genus Caladium cultivated for their ornamental foliage variously patterned in white or pink or red
Colocasia esculenta, dalo, dasheen, taro, taro plant
herb of the Pacific islands grown throughout the tropics for its edible root and in temperate areas as an ornamental for its large glossy leaves
Dieffenbachia sequine, dumb cane, mother-in-law plant, mother-in-law's tongue
an evergreen plant with large showy dark green leaves; contains a poison that swells the tongue and throat hence the name
dracontium
any plant of the genus Dracontium; strongly malodorous tropical American plants usually with gigantic leaves
Dracunculus vulgaris, dragon arum, green dragon
European arum resembling the cuckoopint
nephthytis
any plant of the genus Nephthytis
Xanthosoma atrovirens, Xanthosoma sagittifolium, malanga, spoonflower, tannia, yautia
tropical American aroid having edible tubers that are cooked and eaten like yams or potatoes
Asarum canadense, Canada ginger, black snakeroot
deciduous low-growing perennial of Canada and eastern and central United States
Asarum virginicum, heart-leaf, heartleaf
evergreen low-growing perennial having mottled green and silvery-grey heart-shaped pungent leaves; Virginia to South Carolina
Asarum europaeum, asarabacca
thick creeping evergreen herb of western Europe
Cerastium arvense, field chickweed, field mouse-ear
densely tufted perennial chickweed of north temperate zone
Cerastium tomentosum, love-in-a-mist, snow-in-summer
chickweed with hairy silver-grey leaves and rather large white flowers
Alpine mouse-ear, Arctic mouse-ear, Cerastium alpinum
widespread in the Arctic and on mountains in Europe
Stellaria media, common chickweed
a common low-growing annual garden weed with small white flowers; cosmopolitan; so-called because it is eaten by chickens
Stellaria holostea, greater stitchwort, starwort, stitchwort
low-growing north temperate herb having small white star-shaped flowers; named for its alleged ability to ease sharp pains in the side
Amaranthus albus, Amaranthus graecizans, tumbleweed
bushy plant of western United States
Amaranthus caudatus, love-lies-bleeding, tassel flower, velvet flower
young leaves widely used as leaf vegetables; seeds used as cereal
Amaranthus cruentus, Amaranthus hybridus erythrostachys, Amaranthus hybridus hypochondriacus, gentleman's-cane, prince's-feather, prince's-plume, purple amaranth, red amaranth
tall showy tropical American annual having hairy stems and long spikes of usually red flowers above leaves deeply flushed with purple; seeds often used as cereal
Amaranthus hypochondriacus, pigweed
leaves sometimes used as potherbs; seeds used as cereal; southern United States to Central America; India and China
Chenopodium album, lamb's-quarters, pigweed, wild spinach
common weedy European plant introduced into North America; often used as a potherb
American wormseed, Chenopodium ambrosioides, Mexican tea, Spanish tea, wormseed
rank-smelling tropical American pigweed
Chenopodium bonus-henricus, allgood, fat hen, good-king-henry, wild spinach
European plant naturalized in North America; often collected from the wild as a potherb
Atriplex mexicana, Chenopodium botrys, Jerusalem oak, Mexican tea, feather geranium
Eurasian aromatic oak-leaved goosefoot with many yellow-green flowers; naturalized North America
Chenopodium capitatum, Indian paint, strawberry blite, strawberry pigweed
European annual with clusters of greenish flowers followed by red pulpy berrylike fruit; naturalized North America
Chenopodium glaucum, oak-leaved goosefoot, oakleaf goosefoot
annual European plant with spikes of greenish flowers and leaves that are white and hairy on the underside; common as a weed in North America
Chenopodium hybridum, red goosefoot, sowbane
herb considered fatal to swine
Chenopodium murale, nettle-leaved goosefoot, nettleleaf goosefoot
European annual with coarsely dentate leaves; widespread in United States and southern Canada
Chenopodium rubrum, French spinach, red goosefoot
common Eurasian weed; naturalized in United States
Chenopodium vulvaria, stinking goosefoot
European goosefoot with strong-scented foliage; adventive in eastern North America
Atriplex hortensis, garden orache, mountain spinach
Asiatic plant resembling spinach often used as a potherb; naturalized in Europe and North America
Beta vulgaris, beet, common beet
biennial Eurasian plant usually having a swollen edible root; widely cultivated as a food crop
Spinacia oleracea, prickly-seeded spinach, spinach, spinach plant
southwestern Asian plant widely cultivated for its succulent edible dark green leaves
Indian poke, Phytolacca acinosa
pokeweed of southeastern Asia and China
Phytolacca americana, garget, pigeon berry, poke, scoke
tall coarse perennial American herb having small white flowers followed by blackish-red berries on long drooping racemes; young fleshy stems are edible; berries and root are poisonous
Phytolacca dioica, bella sombra, ombu
fast-growing herbaceous evergreen tree of South America having a broad trunk with high water content and dark green oval leaves
Portulaca oleracea, common purslane, pussley, pussly, verdolagas
weedy trailing mat-forming herb with bright yellow flowers cultivated for its edible mildly acid leaves eaten raw or cooked especially in Indian and Greek and Middle Eastern cuisine; cosmopolitan
Montia cordifolia, broad-leaved montia
succulent plant with mostly basal leaves; stem bears 1 pair of broadly ovate or heart-shaped leaves and a loose raceme of 3-10 white flowers; western North America
Montia lamprosperma, blinking chickweed, blinks, water chickweed
small Indian lettuce of northern regions
Montia chamissoi, toad lily
a floating or creeping Indian lettuce having terminal racemes of pale rose flowers; wet areas at high elevations of western North America
Cuban spinach, Montia perfoliata, miner's lettuce, winter purslane
succulent herb sometimes grown as a salad or pot herb; grows on dunes and waste ground of Pacific coast of North America
Cleome hassleriana, spider flower, spider plant
native to South America but naturalized in warm parts of United States; grown for its long-lasting spider-shaped white to pink-purple flowers
Cleome serrulata, Rocky Mountain bee plant, stinking clover
plant of western North America having trifoliate leaves and white or pink spider-shaped flowers; sometimes used as an ornamental
cress, cress plant
any of various plants of the family Cruciferae with edible leaves that have a pungent taste
Alliaria officinalis, garlic mustard, hedge garlic, jack-by-the-hedge, sauce-alone
European herb that smells like garlic
alyssum, madwort
any garden plant of the genus Alyssum having clusters of small yellow or white flowers
Anastatica hierochuntica, resurrection plant, rose of Jericho
small grey Asiatic desert plant bearing minute white flowers that rolls up when dry and expands when moist
Brassica oleracea, wild cabbage
wild original of cultivated cabbages; common in western coastal Europe
Brassica oleracea, cabbage, cultivated cabbage
any of various cultivars of the genus Brassica oleracea grown for their edible leaves or flowers
Brassica oleracea gemmifera, brussels sprout
plant grown for its stout stalks of edible small green heads resembling diminutive cabbages
Brassica oleracea botrytis, cauliflower
a plant having a large edible head of crowded white flower buds
Brassica oleracea italica, broccoli
plant with dense clusters of tight green flower buds
Brassica oleracea acephala, borecole, cole, colewort, kail, kale
a hardy cabbage with coarse curly leaves that do not form a head
Brassica oleracea gongylodes, kohlrabi
plant cultivated for its enlarged fleshy turnip-shaped edible stem
turnip plant
any of several widely cultivated plants having edible roots
Brassica rapa ruvo, broccoli raab, broccoli rabe
plant grown for its pungent edible leafy shoots
mustard
any of several cruciferous plants of the genus Brassica
Brassica rapa pekinensis, Chinese cabbage, celery cabbage, napa, pe-tsai
plant with an elongated head of broad stalked leaves resembling celery; used as a vegetable in east Asia
Brassica rapa chinensis, Chinese white cabbage, bok choi, bok choy, pak choi, pakchoi
Asiatic plant grown for its cluster of edible white stalks with dark green leaves
Brassica perviridis, Brassica rapa perviridis, spinach mustard, tendergreen
Asiatic plant cultivated for its swollen root crown and edible foliage
Camelina sativa, gold of pleasure
annual European false flax having small white flowers; cultivated since Neolithic times as a source of fiber and for its oil-rich seeds; widely naturalized in North America
Capsella bursa-pastoris, shepherd's pouch, shepherd's purse
white-flowered annual European herb bearing triangular notched pods; nearly cosmopolitan as an introduced weed
Draba verna, shad-flower, shadflower, whitlow grass
annual weed of Europe and North America having a rosette of basal leaves and tiny flowers followed by oblong seed capsules
Isatis tinctoria, dyer's woad
European biennial formerly grown for the blue coloring matter yielded by its leaves
radish, radish plant
a cruciferous plant of the genus Raphanus having a pungent edible root
Stephanomeria malheurensis, malheur wire lettuce
a small plant of Oregon resembling mustard; a threatened species
Argemone mexicana, Mexican poppy
annual herb with prickly stems and large yellow flowers; southern United States to West Indies and Mexico
Achillea millefolium, milfoil, yarrow
ubiquitous strong-scented mat-forming Eurasian herb of wasteland, hedgerow or pasture having narrow serrate leaves and small usually white florets; widely naturalized in North America
Achillea ptarmica, sneezeweed yarrow, sneezewort
Eurasian herb having loose heads of button-shaped white flowers and long grey-green leaves that cause sneezing when powdered
plantain-leaved pussytoes
a variety of pussytoes
field pussytoes
a variety of pussytoes
solitary pussytoes
a variety of pussytoes
mountain everlasting
a variety of cat's foot
Coreopsis gigantea, giant coreopsis
large treelike shrub having feathery leaves and clusters of large yellow flower heads; coastal southern California
Coreopsis maritima, sea dahlia
stout herb with flowers one to a stalk; ornamental developed from a Mexican wildflower
Coreopsis tinctoria, calliopsis
North American annual widely cultivated for its yellow flowers with purple-red to brownish centers; in some classifications placed in a subgenus Calliopsis
Cynara scolymus, artichoke, artichoke plant, globe artichoke
Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head
Cynara cardunculus, cardoon
southern European plant having spiny leaves and purple flowers cultivated for its edible leafstalks and roots
Grindelia robusta
perennial gumweed of California and Baja California
Grindelia squarrosa, curlycup gumweed
perennial gumweed of western and central North America
Helenium autumnale, autumn sneezeweed
North American perennial with bright yellow late summer flowers
Helenium hoopesii, orange sneezeweed, owlclaws
stout perennial herb of western United States having flower heads with drooping orange-yellow rays; causes spewing sickness in sheep
Helenium puberulum, rosilla
a sneezeweed of southwestern United States especially southern California
Hieracium venosum, rattlesnake weed
a hawkweed with a rosette of purple-veined basal leaves; Canada to northern Georgia and Kentucky
Inula helenium, elecampane
tall coarse Eurasian herb having daisylike yellow flowers with narrow petals whose rhizomatous roots are used medicinally
Krigia bulbosa, Krigia dandelion, dwarf dandelion
small yellow-flowered herb resembling dandelions of central and southeastern United States
Lactuca sativa, common lettuce, garden lettuce
annual or perennial garden plant having succulent leaves used in salads; widely grown
Lactuca sativa longifolia, cos lettuce, romaine lettuce
lettuce with long dark-green spoon-shaped leaves
Lactuca sativa capitata, head lettuce
distinguished by leaves arranged in a dense rosette that develop into a compact ball
Lactuca sativa crispa, leaf lettuce
distinguished by leaves having curled or incised leaves forming a loose rosette that does not develop into a compact head
Lactuca sativa asparagina, celtuce, stem lettuce
lettuce valued especially for its edible stems
Chile tarweed, Madia sativa, madia oil plant, melosa
South American herb with sticky glandular foliage; source of madia oil
Nabalus alba, Prenanthes alba, cankerweed, white lettuce
herb of northeastern North America having drooping clusters of yellowish-white flowers; sometimes placed in genus Prenanthes
Hieracium pilocella, Pilosella officinarum, mouse-ear hawkweed
European hawkweed having soft hairy leaves; sometimes placed in genus Hieracium
Taraxacum officinale, Taraxacum ruderalia, common dandelion
Eurasian plant widely naturalized as a weed in North America; used as salad greens and to make wine
Russian dandelion, Taraxacum kok-saghyz, kok-saghyz, kok-sagyz
perennial dandelion native to Kazakhstan cultivated for its fleshy roots that have high rubber content
Campanula rotundifolia, bluebell, harebell
perennial of northern hemisphere with slender stems and bell-shaped blue flowers
Campanula rapunculoides, creeping bellflower
erect European herb with creeping rootstocks and nodding spikelike racemes of blue to violet flowers
Campanula medium, Canterbury bell, cup and saucer
European biennial widely cultivated for its blue or violet or white flowers
Campanula divaricata, southern harebell
bellflower of southeastern United States (Maryland to Georgia) having pale blue flowers
Campanula americana, tall bellflower
annual or perennial of eastern North America with long spikes of blue or white flowers
Campanula aparinoides, marsh bellflower
bellflower common in marshes of eastern North America having lanceolate linear leaves and small whitish flowers
Campanula glomerata, clustered bellflower
bellflower of Europe to temperate Asia having dense spikes of violet-blue to white flowers
Campanula persicifolia, peach bell, peach bells, willow bell
perennial European bellflower with racemose white or blue flowers
Campanula pyramidalis, chimney bellflower, chimney plant
bellflower of southeastern Europe
Campanula rapunculus, rampion, rampion bellflower
bellflower of Europe and Asia and North Africa having bluish flowers and an edible tuberous root used with the leaves in salad
Campanula trachelium, nettle-leaved bellflower, throatwort
European bellflower with blue-purple to lilac flowers formerly used to treat sore throat
Campanula carpatica, spreading bellflower, tussock bellflower
European perennial bellflower that grows in clumps with spreading stems and blue or white flowers
English primrose, Primula vulgaris
plant of western and southern Europe widely cultivated for its pale yellow flowers
Primula veris, cowslip, paigle
early spring flower common in British isles having fragrant yellow or sometimes purple flowers
Primula elatior, oxlip, paigle
Eurasian primrose with yellow flowers clustered in a one-sided umbel
Chinese primrose, Primula sinensis
cultivated Asiatic primrose
Primula auricula, auricula, bear's ear
yellow-flowered primrose native to Alps; commonly cultivated
Primula polyantha, polyanthus
florists' primroses; considered a complex hybrid derived from oxlip, cowslip, and common primrose
Anagallis arvensis, poor man's weatherglass, red pimpernel, scarlet pimpernel
herb with scarlet or white or purple blossoms that close at approach of rainy weather
Anagallis tenella, bog pimpernel
small creeping European herb having delicate pink flowers
Lysimachia clethroides Duby, gooseneck loosestrife
a variety of the loosestrife herb
Lysimachia nemorum, yellow pimpernel
trailing European evergreen with yellow flowers
Lysimachia ciliatum, fringed loosestrife
of North America
Lysimachia nummularia, creeping Charlie, creeping Jenny, moneywort
a loosestrife vine
Lysimachia vulgaris, garden loosestrife, yellow loosestrife
frequently considered a weed; Europe and Asia
Lysimachia terrestris, swamp candles
North American plant with spikes of yellow flowers, found in wet places
Lysimachia quadrifolia, whorled loosestrife
common North American yellow-flowered plant
grass
narrow-leaved green herbage: grown as lawns; used as pasture for grazing animals; cut and dried as hay
Saccharum officinarum, sugar cane, sugarcane
tall tropical southeast Asian grass having stout fibrous jointed stalks; sap is a chief source of sugar
reed
tall woody perennial grasses with hollow slender stems especially of the genera Arundo and Phragmites
bamboo
woody tropical grass having hollow woody stems; mature canes used for construction and furniture
Indian pink, Lobelia cardinalis, cardinal flower
North American lobelia having brilliant red flowers
Indian tobacco, Lobelia inflata, bladderpod
North American wild lobelia having small blue flowers and inflated capsules formerly used as an antispasmodic
Lobelia dortmanna, water lobelia
erect perennial aquatic herb of Europe and North America having submerged spongy leaves and pendulous racemes of blue flowers above the water
Lobelia siphilitica, blue cardinal flower, great lobelia
tall erect and very leafy perennial herb of eastern North America having dense spikes of blue flowers
Pyrola americana, Pyrola rotundifolia americana, false wintergreen
evergreen of eastern North America with leathery leaves and numerous white flowers
Pyrola minor, lesser wintergreen
the common wintergreen having many-flowered racemes of pink-tinged white flowers; Europe and North America
Pyrola elliptica, shinleaf, wild lily of the valley
North American evergreen with small pinkish bell-shaped flowers and oblong leaves used formerly for shinplasters
Pyrola rotundifolia, wild lily of the valley
evergreen with rounded leaves and very fragrant creamy-white flowers; widely distributed in northern parts of Old and New Worlds
Chimaphila corymbosa, Chimaphila umbellata, love-in-winter, western prince's pine
Eurasian herb with white or pinkish flowers in a terminal corymb
enchanter's nightshade
any of several erect perennial rhizomatous herbs of the genus Circaea having white flowers that open at dawn; northern hemisphere
Epilobium angustifolium, fireweed, giant willowherb, rosebay willowherb, wickup
tall North American perennial with creeping rootstocks and narrow leaves and spikes of pinkish-purple flowers occurring in great abundance in burned-over areas or recent clearings; an important honey plant
Epilobium hirsutum, codlins-and-cream, hairy willowherb
plant of Europe and Asia having purplish-red flowers and hairy stems and leaves; introduced into North America
German rampion, Oenothera biennis, common evening primrose
a coarse biennial of eastern North America with yellow flowers that open in the evening; naturalized in Europe
Oenothera fruticosa, sundrops
a day-flowering biennial or perennial of the genus Oenothera
Missouri primrose, Oenothera macrocarpa, Ozark sundrops
evening-opening primrose of south central United States
Canna generalis, canna lily
plants grown for their large bright yellow to red flowers
Canna edulis, Canna indica, achira, arrowroot, indian shot
canna grown especially for its edible rootstock from which arrowroot starch is obtained
American arrowroot, Maranta arundinaceae, arrowroot, obedience plant
white-flowered West Indian plant whose root yields arrowroot starch
Musa acuminata, dwarf banana
low-growing Asian banana tree cultivated especially in the West Indies for its clusters of edible yellow fruit
Japanese banana, Musa basjoo
Asiatic banana plant cultivated especially as a foliage plant in Japan
Musa paradisiaca, plantain, plantain tree
a banana tree bearing hanging clusters of edible angular greenish starchy fruits; tropics and subtropics
Musa paradisiaca sapientum, edible banana
widely cultivated species of banana trees bearing compact hanging clusters of commercially important edible yellow fruit
Manila hemp, Musa textilis, abaca
Philippine banana tree having leafstalks that yield Manila hemp used for rope and paper etc
Canton ginger, Zingiber officinale, common ginger, stem ginger
tropical Asian plant widely cultivated for its pungent root; source of gingerroot and powdered ginger
Alpinia galanga, galangal
southeastern Asian perennial with aromatic roots
Alpinia officinalis, Alpinia officinarum, lesser galangal
Chinese perennial with pyramidal racemes of white flowers and pungent aromatic roots used medicinally and as flavoring
Alpinia purpurata, red ginger
an ornamental ginger native to Pacific islands
Alpinia Zerumbet, Alpinia speciosa, Languas speciosa, shall-flower, shell ginger, shellflower
cultivated for its shining oblong leaves and arching clusters of white flowers with pink shading and crinkled yellow lips with variegated magenta stripes
Reseda odorata, mignonette, sweet reseda
Mediterranean woody annual widely cultivated for its dense terminal spikelike clusters greenish or yellowish white flowers having an intense spicy fragrance
Reseda luteola, dyer's mignonette, dyer's rocket, weld
European mignonette cultivated as a source of yellow dye; naturalized in North America
violet
any of numerous low-growing violas with small flowers
Viola arvensis, field pansy, heartsease
common Old World viola with creamy often violet-tinged flowers
Viola cornuta, horned violet, tufted pansy
European viola with an unusually long corolla spur
Viola tricolor hortensis, pansy
large-flowered garden plant derived chiefly from the wild pansy of Europe and having velvety petals of various colors
Johnny-jump-up, Viola tricolor, heartsease, love-in-idleness, pink of my John, wild pansy
a common and long cultivated European herb from which most common garden pansies are derived
Boehmeria nivea, China grass, Chinese silk plant, ramee, ramie
tall perennial herb of tropical Asia with dark green leaves; cultivated for the fiber from its woody stems that resembles flax
Kniphofia uvaria, poker plant
clump-forming plant of South Africa with spikes of scarlet flowers
Cicer arietinum, Egyptian pea, chickpea, chickpea plant
Asiatic herb cultivated for its short pods with one or two edible seeds
American rattlebox, Crotalaria sagitallis
tropical American annual herb having an inflated pod in which the ripe seeds rattle
Crotalaria spectabilis, Indian rattlebox
erect subshrub having purple-tinted flowers and an inflated pod in which the ripe seeds rattle; India
Cyamopsis psoraloides, Cyamopsis tetragonolobus, cluster bean, guar
drought-tolerant herb grown for forage and for its seed which yield a gum used as a thickening agent or sizing material
Glycine max, soja, soja bean, soy, soya, soya bean, soybean, soybean plant
erect bushy hairy annual herb having trifoliate leaves and purple to pink flowers; extensively cultivated for food and forage and soil improvement but especially for its nutritious oil-rich seeds; native to Asia
wild pea
any of various plants of the family Leguminosae that usually grow like vines
Lens culinaris, lentil, lentil plant
widely cultivated Eurasian annual herb grown for its edible flattened seeds that are cooked like peas and also ground into meal and for its leafy stalks that are used as fodder
Dolichos biflorus, Macrotyloma uniflorum, horse grain, horse gram, poor man's pulse
twining herb of Old World tropics cultivated in India for food and fodder; sometimes placed in genus Dolichos
Medicago arborea, moon trefoil
evergreen shrub of southern European highlands having downy foliage and a succession of yellow flowers throughout the summer followed by curious snail-shaped pods
Medicago falcata, sickle alfalfa, sickle lucerne, sickle medick
European medic naturalized in North America having yellow flowers and sickle-shaped pods
Calvary clover, Medicago echinus, Medicago intertexta
an annual of the Mediterranean area having spiny seed pods and leaves with dark spots
Medicago lupulina, black medick, hop clover, nonesuch clover, yellow trefoil
prostrate European herb with small yellow flowers and curved black pods; naturalized in North America
Medicago sativa, alfalfa, lucerne
important European leguminous forage plant with trifoliate leaves and blue-violet flowers grown widely as a pasture and hay crop
crazy weed, crazyweed, locoweed
any of several leguminous plants of western North America causing locoism in livestock
bean, bean plant
any of various leguminous plants grown for their edible seeds and pods
pea, pea plant
a leguminous plant of the genus Pisum with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds
sesbania
any of various plants of the genus Sesbania having pinnate leaves and large showy pea-like flowers
Thermopsis macrophylla, false lupine, golden pea, yellow pea
western United States bushy herb having yellow pea-like flowers
Carolina lupine, Thermopsis villosa
eastern United States bush pea
vetch
any of various climbing plants of the genus Vicia having pinnately compound leaves that terminate in tendrils and small variously colored flowers; includes valuable forage and soil-building plants
Phaseolus aconitifolius, Vigna aconitifolia, moth bean
East Indian legume having hairy foliage and small yellow flowers followed by cylindrical pods; used especially in India for food and forage and as a soil conditioner; sometimes placed in genus Phaseolus
Phaseolus angularis, Vigna angularis, adsuki bean, adzuki bean
bushy annual widely grown in China and Japan for the flour made from its seeds
Phaseolus caracalla, Vigna caracalla, corkscrew flower, snail bean, snail flower, snail-flower, snailflower
perennial tropical American vine cultivated for its racemes of showy yellow and purple flowers having the corolla keel coiled like a snail shell; sometimes placed in genus Phaseolus
Phaseolus aureus, Vigna radiata, golden gram, green gram, mung, mung bean
erect bushy annual widely cultivated in warm regions of India and Indonesia and United States for forage and especially its edible seeds; chief source of bean sprouts used in Chinese cookery; sometimes placed in genus Phaseolus
Vigna sinensis, Vigna unguiculata, black-eyed pea, cowpea, cowpea plant
sprawling Old World annual cultivated especially in southern United States for food and forage and green manure
Vigna sesquipedalis, Vigna unguiculata sesquipedalis, asparagus bean, yard-long bean
South American bean having very long succulent pods
English plantain, Plantago lanceolata, buckthorn, narrow-leaved plantain, ribgrass, ribwort, ripple-grass
an Old World plantain with long narrow ribbed leaves widely established in temperate regions
Plantago major, broad-leaved plantain, cart-track plant, common plantain, white-man's foot, whiteman's foot
common European perennial naturalized worldwide; a troublesome weed
Plantago media, hoary plantain
widely distributed Old World perennial naturalized in North America having finely hairy leaves and inconspicuous white fragrant flowers
Plantago psyllium, Spanish psyllium, fleawort, psyllium
plantain of Mediterranean regions whose seeds swell and become gelatinous when moist and are used as a mild laxative
Plantago rugelii, broad-leaved plantain, rugel's plantain
North American plantain having reddish leafstalks and broad leaves
Plantago virginica, hoary plantain
North American annual or biennial with long soft hairs on the leaves
Himalayan rhubarb, Indian rhubarb, Rheum australe, Rheum emodi, red-veined pie plant
Asian herb (Himalayas)
Rheum cultorum, Rheum rhabarbarum, Rheum rhaponticum, garden rhubarb, pie plant
long cultivated hybrid of Rheum palmatum; stems often cooked in pies or as sauce or preserves
Chinese rhubarb, Rheum palmatum
long used for laxative properties
Rumex acetosa, garden sorrel, sour dock
European sorrel with large slightly acidic sagittate leaves grown throughout north temperate zone for salad and spring greens
Rumex acetosella, sheep sorrel, sheep's sorrel
small plant having pleasantly acid-tasting arrow-shaped leaves; common in dry places
Rumex obtusifolius, bitter dock, broad-leaved dock, yellow dock
European dock with broad obtuse leaves and bitter rootstock common as a weed in North America
French sorrel, Rumex scutatus, garden sorrel
low perennial with small silvery-green ovate to hastate leaves
Paradisea liliastrum, St.-Bruno's-lily
a variety of spiderwort
Agrimonia eupatoria, harvest-lice
erect perennial Old World herb of dry grassy habitats
Agrimonia procera, fragrant agrimony
fragrant European perennial herb found at woodland margins on moist soils
Fragaria ananassa, cultivated strawberry, garden strawberry
widely cultivated
Fragaria vesca, wild strawberry, wood strawberry
Europe
Chilean strawberry, Fragaria chiloensis, beach strawberry
wild strawberry of western United States and South America; source of many varieties of cultivated strawberries
Fragaria virginiana, Virginia strawberry, scarlet strawberry
North American wild strawberry with sweet scarlet fruit; a source of many cultivated strawberries
Asperula odorata, Galium odoratum, fragrant bedstraw, sweet woodruff, waldmeister, woodruff
Old World fragrant stoloniferous perennial having small white flowers and narrow leaves used as flavoring and in sachets; widely cultivated as a ground cover; in some classifications placed in genus Asperula
Galium boreale, Northern bedstraw, Northern snow bedstraw
North American stoloniferous perennial having white flowers; sometimes used as an ornamental
Galium verum, Our Lady's bedstraw, yellow bedstraw, yellow cleavers
common yellow-flowered perennial bedstraw; North America and Europe and Asia
Galium lanceolatum, wild licorice
bedstraw with sweetish roots
Galium aparine, catchweed, cleavers, clivers, goose grass, spring cleavers
annual having the stem beset with curved prickles; North America and Europe and Asia
Galium mollugo, false baby's breath, infant's-breath, white bedstraw, white madder, wild madder
Eurasian herb with ample panicles of small white flowers; naturalized in North America
Dipsacus fullonum, common teasel
teasel with lilac flowers native to Old World but naturalized in North America; dried flower heads used to raise a nap on woolen cloth
Dipsacus sativus, fuller's teasel
similar to the common teasel and similarly used; widespread in Europe and North Africa and western Asia; naturalized in United States
Dipsacus sylvestris, wild teasel
European teasel with white to pink flowers; naturalized in United States
crane's bill, cranesbill
any of numerous geraniums of the genus Geranium
Pelargonium graveolens, rose geranium, sweet-scented geranium
any of several southern African geraniums having fragrant three-lobed to five-lobed leaves and pink flowers
Pelargonium hortorum, bedding geranium, fish geranium, zonal pelargonium
an upright geranium having scalloped leaves with a broad color zone inside the margin and white or pink or red flowers
Pelargonium peltatum, hanging geranium, ivy geranium, ivy-leaved geranium
a commonly cultivated trailing South American plant with peltate leaves and rosy flowers
Pelargonium odoratissimum, apple geranium, nutmeg geranium
geranium with round fragrant leaves and small white flowers
Pelargonium limoneum, lemon geranium
a common garden geranium with lemon-scented foliage
heron's bill, storksbill
any of various plants of the genus Erodium
Oxalis acetosella, common wood sorrel, cuckoo bread, shamrock
Eurasian plant with heart-shaped trifoliate leaves and white purple-veined flowers
Bermuda buttercup, English-weed, Oxalis cernua, Oxalis pes-caprae
South African bulbous wood sorrel with showy yellow flowers
Oxalis corniculata, creeping oxalis, creeping wood sorrel
creeping much-branched mat-forming weed; cosmopolitan
Oxalis caprina, goat's foot, goatsfoot
short-stemmed South African plant with bluish flowers
Oxalis violacea, violet wood sorrel
perennial herb of eastern North America with palmately compound leaves and usually rose-purple flowers
Oxalis crenata, Oxalis tuberosa, oca, oka
South American wood sorrel cultivated for its edible tubers
Indian cress, Tropaeolum majus, garden nasturtium
strong-growing annual climber having large flowers of all shades of orange from orange-red to yellowish orange and seeds that are pickled and used like capers
Tropaeolum minus, bush nasturtium
annual with deep yellow flowers smaller than the common garden nasturtium
Tropaeolum peregrinum, canary creeper, canarybird flower, canarybird vine
a climber having flowers that are the color of canaries
pitcher plant
any of several insectivorous herbs of the order Sarraceniales
daily dew, sundew, sundew plant
any of various bog plants of the genus Drosera having leaves covered with sticky hairs that trap and digest insects; cosmopolitan in distribution
Dionaea muscipula, Venus's flytrap, Venus's flytraps
carnivorous plant of coastal plains of the Carolinas having sensitive hinged marginally bristled leaf blades that close and entrap insects
Aldrovanda vesiculosa, waterwheel plant
floating aquatic carnivorous perennial of central and southern Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia having whorls of 6 to 9 leaves ending in hinged lobes for capturing e.g. water fleas
Drosophyllum lusitanicum
perennial of dry habitats whose leaves have glandular hairs that secrete adhesive and digestive fluid for capture and digestion of insects; Portugal, southern Spain and Morocco
roridula
either of 2 species of the genus Roridula; South African viscid perennial low-growing woody shrubs
stonecrop
any of various northern temperate plants of the genus Sedum having fleshy leaves and red or yellow or white flowers
Sedum rosea, midsummer-men, rose-root
Eurasian mountain plant with fleshy pink-tipped leaves and a cluster of yellow flowers
Sedum telephium, live-forever, livelong, orpin, orpine
perennial northern temperate plant with toothed leaves and heads of small purplish-white flowers
Saxifraga aizoides, yellow mountain saxifrage
tufted evergreen perennial having ciliate leaves and yellow corymbose flowers often spotted orange
Saxifraga granulata, fair-maids-of-France, meadow saxifrage
rosette-forming perennial having compact panicles of white flowers; Europe
Saxifraga hypnoides, mossy saxifrage
tufted or mat-forming perennial of mountains of Europe; cultivated for its white flowers
Saxifraga occidentalis, western saxifrage
saxifrage having loose clusters of white flowers on hairy stems growing from a cluster of basal leaves; moist slopes of western North America
Saxifraga oppositifolia, purple saxifrage
plants forming dense cushions with bright reddish-lavender flowers; rocky areas of Europe and Asia and western North America
Saxifraga stellaris, star saxifrage, starry saxifrage
small often mat-forming alpine plant having small starlike white flowers; Europe
Saxifraga sarmentosam, Saxifraga stolonifera, mother-of-thousands, strawberry geranium, strawberry saxifrage
eastern Asiatic saxifrage with racemes of small red-and-white flowers; spreads by numerous creeping stolons
Astilbe biternata, false goatsbeard
North American astilbe with panicles of creamy white flowers
Astilbe chinensis pumila, dwarf astilbe
mat-forming evergreen Asiatic plant with finely cut leaves and small pink to burgundy flowers; grown as ground cover
Astilbe japonica, spiraea, spirea
a Japanese shrub that resembles members of the genus Spiraea; widely cultivated in many varieties for its dense panicles of flowers in many colors; often forced by florists for Easter blooming
Heuchera americana, rock geranium
plant with basal leaves mottled with white and flowers in lax panicles on erect stems
Heuchera cylindrica, poker alumroot, poker heuchera
plant with leathery heart-shaped leaf blades clustered at base of long stalks with greenish-white flowers clustered along the upper part; western North America
Heuchera sanguinea, coralbells
perennial plant of the western United States having bright red flowers in feathery spikes; used as an ornamental
Mitella diphylla, fairy cup
miterwort of northeastern North America usually with two opposite leaves on erect flowering stems that terminate in erect racemes of white flowers
Mitella pentandra, five-point bishop's cap
small plant with leaves in a basal cluster and tiny greenish flowers in slender racemes; northwestern North America to California and Colorado
Suksdorfia violaceae, violet suksdorfia
slender delicate plant with wide roundish deeply lobed leaves and deep pink to violet funnel-shaped flowers; British Columbia to northern Oregon and west to Idaho and Montana
Greek valerian, Jacob's ladder, Polemonium caeruleum, Polemonium van-bruntiae, Polymonium caeruleum van-bruntiae, charity
pinnate-leaved European perennial having bright blue or white flowers
Greek valerian, Polemonium reptans
erect or spreading perennial of the eastern United States
Polemonium boreale, northern Jacob's ladder
perennial erect herb with white flowers; circumboreal
Polemonium viscosum, skunk-weed, skunkweed
tall herb of the Rocky Mountains having sticky leaves and an offensive smell
Phlox bifida, Phlox stellaria, chickweed phlox, sand phlox
low mat-forming herb of rocky places in United States
Phlox subulata, dwarf phlox, moss phlox, moss pink, mountain phlox
low tufted perennial phlox with needlelike evergreen leaves and pink or white flowers; native to United States and widely cultivated as a ground cover
Linanthus dianthiflorus, fringed pink, ground pink, moss pink
low wiry-stemmed branching herb or southern California having fringed pink flowers
Linanthus dichotomus, evening-snow
small California annual with white flowers
Acanthus mollis, bear's breech, bear's breeches, sea holly
widely cultivated southern European acanthus with whitish purple-veined flowers
Anchusa officinalis, alkanet, bugloss
perennial or biennial herb cultivated for its delicate usually blue flowers
Anchusa capensis, cape forget-me-not
anchusa of southern Africa having blue flowers with white throats
Anchusa riparia, cape forget-me-not
anchusa of southern Africa having blue to red-purple flowers
beggar lice, beggar's lice
Eurasian and North American plants having small prickly nutlets that stick to clothing
Symphytum officinale, boneset, common comfrey
European herb having small white, pink or purple flowers; naturalized as a weed in North America
Hydrophyllum virginianum, Indian salad, John's cabbage, Shawnee salad, Virginia waterleaf, shawny
showy perennial herb with white flowers; leaves sometimes used as edible greens in southeastern United States
Nemophila maculata, five-spot
California annual having white flowers with a deep purple blotch on each petal
Agastache nepetoides, yellow giant hyssop
erect perennial with stout stems and yellow-green flowers; southern Canada and southeastern United States
Agastache foeniculum, anise hyssop
much-branched North American herb with an odor like fennel
Agastache mexicana, Mexican hyssop
erect perennial of Mexico having rose to crimson flowers
Ajuga reptans, creeping bugle
low rhizomatous European carpeting plant having spikes of blue flowers; naturalized in parts of United States
Ajuga genevensis, blue bugle, erect bugle
upright rhizomatous perennial with bright blue flowers; southern Europe
Ajuga pyramidalis, pyramid bugle
European evergreen carpeting perennial
Ajuga chamaepitys, ground pine, yellow bugle
low-growing annual with yellow flowers dotted red; faintly aromatic of pine resin; Europe, British Isles and North Africa
Blephilia hirsuta, hairy wood mint
a variety of wood mint
Blephilia celiata, downy wood mint
a variety of wood mint
Calamintha sylvatica, Satureja calamintha officinalis, common calamint
mint-scented perennial of central and southern Europe
Calamintha grandiflora, Clinopodium grandiflorum, Satureja grandiflora, large-flowered calamint
aromatic herb with large pink flowers; southern and southeastern Europe; Anatolia; northern Iran
Calamintha nepeta, Calamintha nepeta glantulosa, Satureja calamintha glandulosa, Satureja nepeta, field balm, lesser calamint
low-growing strongly aromatic perennial herb of southern Europe to Great Britain; naturalized in United States
Coleus amboinicus, Coleus aromaticus, Plectranthus amboinicus, country borage
an aromatic fleshy herb of India and Ceylon to South Africa; sometimes placed in genus Plectranthus
Coleus blumei, Joseph's coat, Solenostemon blumei, Solenostemon scutellarioides, painted nettle
perennial aromatic herb of southeastern Asia having large usually bright-colored or blotched leaves and spikes of blue-violet flowers; sometimes placed in genus Solenostemon
Lamium album, white dead nettle
European dead nettle with white flowers
Lamium amplexicaule, henbit
Eurasian plant having toothed leaves and small two-lipped white or purplish-red flowers
Origanum vulgare, marjoram, oregano, pot marjoram, wild marjoram, winter sweet
aromatic Eurasian perennial
Majorana hortensis, Origanum majorana, knotted marjoram, sweet marjoram
aromatic European plant native to Mediterranean and Turkey; not widespread in Europe
Origanum dictamnus, cretan dittany, crete dittany, dittany of crete, hop marjoram, winter sweet
dwarf aromatic shrub of Crete
Marrubium vulgare, common horehound, white horehound
European aromatic herb with hairy leaves and numerous white flowers in axillary cymes; leaves yield a bitter extract use medicinally and as flavoring
Mentha arvensis, corn mint, field mint
European mint naturalized in United States
Mentha aquatica, water mint, water-mint
a European mint that thrives in wet places; has a perfume like that of the bergamot orange; naturalized in eastern North America
Mentha citrata, bergamot mint, eau de cologne mint, lemon mint
mint with leaves having perfume like that of the bergamot orange
Mentha longifolia, horsemint
a coarse Old World wild water mint having long leaves and spikelike clusters of flowers; naturalized in the eastern United States
Mentha piperita, peppermint
herb with downy leaves and small purple or white flowers that yields a pungent oil used as a flavoring
Mentha spicata, spearmint
common garden herb having clusters of small purplish flowers and yielding an oil used as a flavoring
Mentha rotundifolia, Mentha suaveolens, apple mint, applemint
mint with apple-scented stems of southern and western Europe; naturalized in United States
Mentha pulegium, pennyroyal
Eurasian perennial mint have small lilac-blue flowers and ovate leaves; yields an aromatic oil
Monarda didyma, bee balm, beebalm, bergamot mint, oswego tea
perennial aromatic herb of eastern North America having variously colored tubular flowers in dense showy heads
Monarda punctata, horsemint
tall erect perennial or annual having lanceolate leaves and heads of purple-spotted creamy flowers; many subspecies grown from eastern to southwestern United States and in Mexico
Monarda fistulosa, bee balm, beebalm
perennial herb of North America
Monarda citriodora, horsemint, lemon mint
an annual horsemint of central and western United States and northern Mexico
Monarda pectinata, plains lemon monarda
annual of southern United States
Monarda clinopodia, basil balm
perennial herb of North America (New York to Illinois and mountains of Alaska) having aromatic leaves and clusters of yellowish-pink balls
Ocimum basilicum, common basil, sweet basil
annual or perennial of tropical Asia having spikes of small white flowers and aromatic leaves; one of the most important culinary herbs; used in salads, casseroles, sauces and some liqueurs
Physostegia virginiana, false dragon head, false dragonhead, obedient plant
North American plant having a spike of two-lipped pink or white flowers
Pycnanthemum virginianum, basil mint
perennial herb of the eastern United States having inconspicuous greenish flowers and narrow leaves that are very aromatic when bruised
Salvia azurea, blue sage
blue-flowered sage of dry prairies of the eastern United States
Salvia clarea, clary sage
stout Mediterranean sage with white or pink or violet flowers; yields oil used as a flavoring and in perfumery
Salvia farinacea, blue sage, mealy sage
Texas sage having intensely blue flowers
Salvia lancifolia, Salvia reflexa, blue sage
sage of western North America to Central America having violet-blue flowers; widespread in cultivation
Salvia leucophylla, chaparral sage, purple sage
silvery-leaved California herb with purple flowers
Salvia lyrata, cancer weed, cancerweed
sage of eastern United States
Salvia officinalis, common sage, ramona
shrubby plant with aromatic greyish-green leaves used as a cooking herb
Salvia pratensis, meadow clary
tall perennial Old World salvia with violet-blue flowers; found in open grasslands
Salvia sclarea, clary
aromatic herb of southern Europe; cultivated in Great Britain as a potherb and widely as an ornamental
Salvia spathacea, pitcher sage
California erect and sparsely branched perennial
Mexican mint, Salvia divinorum
an herb from Oaxaca that has a powerful hallucinogenic effect; the active ingredient is salvinorin
Salvia verbenaca, vervain sage, wild clary, wild sage
Eurasian sage with blue flowers and foliage like verbena; naturalized in United States
Satureia hortensis, Satureja hortensis, summer savory
erect annual herb with oval leaves and pink flowers; used to flavor e.g. meats or soups or salads; southeastern Europe and naturalized elsewhere
Satureia montana, Satureja montana, winter savory
erect perennial subshrub having pink or white flowers and leathery leaves with a flavor of thyme; southern Europe
Thymus vulgaris, common thyme
common aromatic garden perennial native to the western Mediterranean; used in seasonings and formerly as medicine
Thymus serpyllum, creeping thyme, wild thyme
aromatic dwarf shrub common on banks and hillsides in Europe; naturalized in United States
bladderwort
any of numerous aquatic carnivorous plants of the genus Utricularia some of whose leaves are modified as small urn-shaped bladders that trap minute aquatic animals
butterwort
any of numerous carnivorous bog plants of the genus Pinguicula having showy purple or yellow or white flowers and a rosette of basal leaves coated with a sticky secretion to trap small insects
genlisea
rootless carnivorous swamp plants having at the base of the stem a rosette of foliage and leaves consisting of slender tubes swollen in the middle to form traps; each tube passes into two long spirally twisted arms with stiff hairs
Digitalis purpurea, common foxglove, fairy bell, finger-flower, finger-root, fingerflower, fingerroot
tall leafy European biennial or perennial having spectacular clusters of large tubular pink-purple flowers; leaves yield drug digitalis and are poisonous to livestock
Digitalis lutea, straw foxglove, yellow foxglove
European yellow-flowered foxglove
Verbascum blattaria, moth mullein
European mullein with smooth leaves and large yellow or purplish flowers; naturalized as a weed in North America
Verbascum lychnitis, white mullein
densely hairy Eurasian herb with racemose white flowers; naturalized in North America
Verbascum phoeniceum, purple mullein
Eurasian mullein with showy purple or pink flowers
Aaron's rod, Verbascum thapsus, common mullein, flannel mullein, great mullein, torch, woolly mullein
tall-stalked very woolly mullein with densely packed yellow flowers; ancient Greeks and Romans dipped the stalks in tallow for funeral torches
Lycopersicon esculentum cerasiforme, cherry tomato
plant bearing small red to yellow fruit
Jasmine tobacco, Nicotiana alata, flowering tobacco
South American ornamental perennial having nocturnally fragrant greenish-white flowers
Nicotiana tabacum, common tobacco
tall erect South American herb with large ovate leaves and terminal clusters of tubular white or pink flowers; cultivated for its leaves
Indian tobacco, Nicotiana rustica, wild tobacco
tobacco plant of South America and Mexico
Nicotiana glauca, mustard tree, tree tobacco
evergreen South American shrub naturalized in United States; occasionally responsible for poisoning livestock
Nierembergia repens, Nierembergia rivularis, whitecup
prostrate woody South American herb with white tubular flowers often tinged with blue or rose
Nierembergia frutescens, tall cupflower
shrubby Chilean herb having bluish-white tubular flowers used as an ornamental
Physalis pubescens, downy ground cherry, strawberry tomato
decorative American annual having round fleshy yellow berries enclosed in a bladderlike husk
Chinese lantern plant, Physalis alkekengi, bladder cherry, winter cherry
Old World perennial cultivated for its ornamental inflated papery orange-red calyx
Physalis peruviana, cape gooseberry, purple ground cherry
annual of tropical South America having edible purple fruits
Physalis pruinosa, dwarf cape gooseberry, strawberry tomato
stout hairy annual of eastern North America with sweet yellow fruits
Mexican husk tomato, Physalis ixocarpa, jamberry, tomatillo
annual of Mexico and southern United States having edible purplish viscid fruit resembling small tomatoes
Physalis philadelphica, jamberry, miltomate, purple ground cherry, tomatillo
Mexican annual naturalized in eastern North America having yellow to purple edible fruit resembling small tomatoes
Physalis viscosa, yellow henbane
found on sea beaches from Virginia to South America having greenish-yellow flowers and orange or yellow berries
Salpiglossis sinuata, painted tongue
Chilean herb having velvety funnel-shaped yellowish or violet flowers with long tonguelike styles at the corolla throat
wild parsley
any of various uncultivated umbelliferous plants with foliage resembling that of carrots or parsley
Angelica Archangelica, archangel, garden angelica
a biennial cultivated herb; its stems are candied and eaten and its roots are used medicinally
Angelica sylvestris, wild angelica
European herb with compound leaves and white flowers; adventive on Cape Breton Island
Astrantia major, greater masterwort
European herb with aromatic roots and leaves in a basal tuft and showy compound umbels of white to rosy flowers
whorled caraway
a caraway with whorled leaves
Foeniculum vulgare, common fennel
strongly aromatic with a smell of aniseed; leaves and seeds used for seasoning
Florence fennel, Foeniculum dulce, Foeniculum vulgare dulce
grown especially for its edible aromatic bulbous stem base
cultivated parsnip
European biennial having a long fusiform root that has been made palatable through cultivation
madnep, wild parsnip
biennial weed in Europe and America having large pinnate leaves and yellow flowers and a bitter and somewhat poisonous root; the ancestor of cultivated parsnip
Italian parsley, Petroselinum crispum neapolitanum, flat-leaf parsley
a variety of parsley having flat leaves
Hamburg parsley, Petroselinum crispum tuberosum, turnip-rooted parsley
parsley with smooth leaves and enlarged edible taproot resembling a savory parsnip
Sanicula arctopoides, footsteps-of-spring
sanicle of northwestern United States and British Columbia having yellow flowers
Sanicula bipinnatifida, purple sanicle
sanicle of northwestern United States and British Columbia having yellow or red or purple flowers
European sanicle, Sanicula Europaea
sanicle of Europe and Asia having white to pale pink flowers
Valerianella locusta, Valerianella olitoria, common corn salad, lamb's lettuce
widely cultivated as a salad crop and pot herb; often a weed
Peperomia argyreia, Peperomia sandersii, watermelon begonia
grown as a houseplant for its silvery striped fleshy foliage; South America
Asclepias albicans, white milkweed
tall herb with leafless white waxy stems and whitish starlike flowers; southwestern United States
Asclepias curassavica, blood flower, swallowwort
tropical herb having orange-red flowers followed by pods suggesting a swallow with outspread wings; a weed throughout the tropics
Asclepias exaltata, poke milkweed
milkweed of the eastern United States with leaves resembling those of pokeweed
Asclepias incarnata, swamp milkweed
densely branching perennial of the eastern United States with white to crimson or purple flowers
Asclepia meadii, Asclepias meadii, Mead's milkweed
milkweed of central North America; a threatened species
Asclepias purpurascens, purple silkweed
perennial of eastern North America having pink-purple flowers
Asclepias speciosa, showy milkweed
milkweed of southern North America having large starry purple and pink flowers
Asclepias subverticillata, horsetail milkweed, poison milkweed
milkweed of southwestern United States and Mexico; poisonous to livestock
Asclepias tuberosa, Indian paintbrush, butterfly weed, chigger flower, chiggerflower, orange milkweed, pleurisy root, tuber root
erect perennial of eastern and southern United States having showy orange flowers
Asclepias verticillata, whorled milkweed
milkweed of the eastern United States with narrow leaves in whorls and greenish-white flowers
Stapelias asterias
stapelia of Cape Province having mostly dark red-brown flowers with flat starlike corollas
Type of:
tracheophyte, vascular plant
green plant having a vascular system: ferns, gymnosperms, angiosperms

n aromatic potherb used in cookery for its savory qualities

Types:
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fines herbes
a mixture of finely chopped fresh herbs
basil, sweet basil
leaves of the common basil; used fresh or dried
bay leaf
dried leaf of the bay laurel
borage
an herb whose leaves are used to flavor sauces and punches; young leaves can be eaten in salads or cooked
hyssop
bitter leaves used sparingly in salads; dried flowers used in soups and tisanes
caraway
leaves used sparingly in soups and stews
chervil
fresh ferny parsley-like leaves used as a garnish with chicken and veal and omelets and green salads and spinach
chives
cylindrical leaves used fresh as a mild onion-flavored seasoning
comfrey, healing herb
leaves make a popular tisane; young leaves used in salads or cooked
Chinese parsley, cilantro, coriander
parsley-like herb used as seasoning or garnish
costmary
leaves used sparingly (because of bitter overtones) in sauces and soups and stuffings
common fennel, fennel
leaves used for seasoning
lemon balm
lemony leaves used for a tisane or in soups or fruit punches
lovage
stalks eaten like celery or candied like angelica; seeds used for flavoring or pickled like capers
marjoram, oregano
pungent leaves used as seasoning with meats and fowl and in stews and soups and omelets
mint
the leaves of a mint plant used fresh or candied
parsley
aromatic herb with flat or crinkly leaves that are cut finely and used to garnish food
rosemary
extremely pungent leaves used fresh or dried as seasoning for especially meats
rue
leaves sometimes used for flavoring fruit or claret cup but should be used with great caution: can cause irritation like poison ivy
sage
aromatic fresh or dried grey-green leaves used widely as seasoning for meats and fowl and game etc
savory, savoury
either of two aromatic herbs of the mint family
sweet woodruff, waldmeister
fragrant dark green leaves used to flavor May wine
sweet cicely
fresh ferny leaves and green seeds used as garnish in salads and cold vegetables; dried seeds used in confectionery and liqueurs
estragon, tarragon
fresh leaves (or leaves preserved in vinegar) used as seasoning
thyme
leaves can be used as seasoning for almost any meat and stews and stuffings and vegetables
angelica
aromatic stems or leaves or roots of Angelica Archangelica
dill, dill weed
aromatic threadlike foliage of the dill plant used as seasoning
tea, tea leaf
dried leaves of the tea shrub; used to make tea
clary sage
fresh leaves used in omelets and fritters and with lamb
summer savory, summer savoury
herb with delicately flavored leaves with many uses
winter savory, winter savoury
resinous leaves used in stews and stuffings and meat loaf
tea bag
a measured amount of tea in a bag for an individual serving of tea
black tea
fermented tea leaves
green tea
tea leaves that have been steamed and dried without fermenting
oolong
Chinese tea leaves that have been partially fermented before being dried
Type of:
flavorer, flavoring, flavourer, flavouring, seasoner, seasoning
something added to food primarily for the savor it imparts
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