electron

If you take chemistry, you will learn about electrons. Electrons are the smallest of the particles that make up an atom, and they carry a negative charge.

The number of protons and electrons is equal in each atom. The hydrogen atom, for example, has just one electron and one proton. The uranium atom, on the other hand, has 92 protons, and therefore, 92 electrons. The atom's atomic number is the number of protons in the atom, which by default is also the number of electrons. An electron is so small that it cannot be seen with the naked eye, but neither can the atom itself.

DEFINITIONS OF: electron

1

n an elementary particle with negative charge

Synonyms:
negatron
Types:
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delta ray
an electron ejected from matter by ionizing radiation
free electron
electron that is not attached to an atom or ion or molecule but is free to move under the influence of an electric field
photoelectron
an electron that is emitted from an atom or molecule by an incident photon
valence electron
an electron in the outer shell of an atom which can combine with other atoms to form molecules
Type of:
lepton
an elementary particle that participates in weak interactions; has a baryon number of 0
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