campaign

A campaign is any series of actions or events that are meant to achieve a particular result, like an advertising campaign of television commercials and Internet ads that tries to convince kids to buy bubble gum-flavored toothpaste.

The noun campaign describes any group of actions that are done with an ultimate purpose in mind. The goal of a political campaign is to put a candidate in office. The goal of a military campaign might be to take over a city, as in General Sherman's Civil War campaign to capture Atlanta. Campaign can also be used as a verb, like when an environmental organization campaigns to prevent a developer from building a shopping mall by asking people to sign petitions and soliciting their members of congress.

PRIMARY MEANINGS OF: campaign

1
nv
several related operations aimed at achieving a particular goal (usually within geographical and temporal constraints)
exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain an end or engage in a crusade for a certain cause or person; be an advocate for
2
n
an overland journey by hunters (especially in Africa)
FULL DEFINITIONS OF: campaign
1

n several related operations aimed at achieving a particular goal (usually within geographical and temporal constraints)

Synonyms:
military campaign
Examples:
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Dardanelles campaign
the unsuccessful campaign in World War I (1915) by the English and French to open a passage for aid to Russia; defeated by the Turks
Okinawa campaign
a campaign in the closing days of World War II in the Pacific (April to June 1945); in savage close-quarter fighting United States marines and regular army troops took the island from the Japanese; considered the greatest victory of the Pacific campaign for the Americans
Petersburg Campaign
the final campaign of the American Civil War (1864-65); Union forces under Grant besieged and finally defeated Confederate forces under Lee
Wilderness Campaign
American Civil War; a series of indecisive battles in Grant's campaign (1864) against Lee in which both armies suffered terrible losses
First Crusade
a Crusade from 1096 to 1099; captured Jerusalem and created a theocracy there
Second Crusade
a Crusade from 1145 to 1147 that failed because of internal disagreements among the crusaders and led to the loss of Jerusalem in 1187
Third Crusade
a Crusade from 1189 to 1192 led by Richard I and the king of France that failed because an army torn by dissensions and fighting on foreign soil could not succeed against forces united by religious zeal
Fourth Crusade
a Crusade from 1202 to 1204 that was diverted into a battle for Constantinople and failed to recapture Jerusalem
Fifth Crusade
a Crusade under papal control from 1218 to 1221 that achieved military victories but failed when dissension arose over accepting the terms they had been offered
Sixth Crusade
a Crusade from 1228 to 1229 led by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II who fell ill and was excommunicated by the Pope; by negotiation Frederick II was able to crown himself king of Jerusalem
Seventh Crusade
a Crusade initiated in 1248 after the loss of Jerusalem in 1244 and defeated in 1249
Types:
expedition, hostile expedition, military expedition
a military campaign designed to achieve a specific objective in a foreign country
Crusade
any of the more or less continuous military expeditions in the 11th to 13th centuries when Christian powers of Europe tried to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims
Type of:
military operation, operation
activity by a military or naval force (as a maneuver or campaign)

n a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end

“he supported populist campaigns
Synonyms:
cause, crusade, drive, effort, movement
Types:
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ad blitz, ad campaign, advertising campaign
an organized program of advertisements
anti-war movement
a campaign against entering or continuing a war
charm campaign
a campaign of flattery and friendliness (by a company, politician, etc.) to become more popular and gain support
consumerism
a movement advocating greater protection of the interests of consumers
campaigning, candidacy, candidature, electioneering, political campaign
the campaign of a candidate to be elected
fund-raising campaign, fund-raising drive, fund-raising effort
a campaign to raise money for some cause
feminism, feminist movement, women's lib, women's liberation movement
the movement aimed at equal rights for women
gay lib, gay liberation movement
the movement aimed at liberating homosexuals from legal or social or economic oppression
lost cause
a defeated cause or a cause for which defeat is inevitable
reform
a campaign aimed to correct abuses or malpractices
war
a concerted campaign to end something that is injurious
youth crusade, youth movement
political or religious or social reform movement or agitation consisting chiefly of young people
front-porch campaign, front-porch campaigning
a campaign in which the candidate makes speeches but does not travel
hustings
the activities involved in political campaigning (especially speech making)
whispering campaign
the organized dissemination of derogatory rumors designed to discredit a candidate
stumping
campaigning for something by making political speeches (stump speeches)
sales campaign
an advertising campaign intended to promote sales
public-relations campaign
an advertising campaign intended to improve public relations
Type of:
venture
any venturesome undertaking especially one with an uncertain outcome

n a race between candidates for elective office

“I managed his campaign for governor”
Synonyms:
political campaign, run
Types:
campaign for governor, governor's race
a race for election to the governorship
senate campaign, senate race
a race for election to the senate
Type of:
race
any competition

v exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain an end or engage in a crusade for a certain cause or person; be an advocate for

Synonyms:
agitate, crusade, fight, press, push
advertise, advertize, promote, push
make publicity for; try to sell (a product)
Type of:
advertise, advertize, promote, push
make publicity for; try to sell (a product)

v go on a campaign; go off to war

Synonyms:
take the field
Types:
crusade
go on a crusade; fight a holy war

v run, stand, or compete for an office or a position

Synonyms:
run
Types:
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stump
travel through a district and make political speeches
rerun
run again for office
whistlestop
tour the country in order to solicit votes for an election
cross-file, register
have one's name listed as a candidate for several parties
slate
enter on a list or slate for an election
Type of:
race, run
compete in a race
2

n an overland journey by hunters (especially in Africa)

Synonyms:
hunting expedition, safari
Type of:
expedition
a journey organized for a particular purpose
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